David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
When somebody, human or not, performs an observation, this action itself implies that there be an actor: the observer. Moreover, such observation is carried out from the particular vantage point of the observer, i.e. the observer’s unique spacetime location. The standpoint of the viewer and indeed her mere existence result in observational biases which may be relevant in the appraisal of the gained data. These effects are called observation selection effects (OSE). In his Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy, Nick Bostrom attempts to analyze these effects both in scientific contexts as well as in philosophical debates and to construct a theory of these selection effects. His aim is to first develop a methodology of how to deal with OSE and second, to apply the theory to scientific and philosophical problems where such effects are pertinent. Among others, observation selection biases have applications to the fine-tuning problem in modern cosmology, the issue of time’s arrow in thermodynamics, the debate on the likelihood of the evolution of intelligent life on Earth in evolutionary biology, and why you tend to end up in the slowest lane when driving home. Bostrom illustrates beautifully why, how, and to what extent OSE have implications for all these and many more problems. In his ingenious analysis of extant arguments pertaining to these issues or to the infamous Doomsday argument, he operates within a strictly Bayesian framework of belief revision.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Darren Bradley (2011). Confirmation in a Branching World: The Everett Interpretation and Sleeping Beauty. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (2):323-342.
D. J. Bradley (2012). Four Problems About Self-Locating Belief. Philosophical Review 121 (2):149-177.
Ira M. Schnall (2009). Anthropic Observation Selection Effects and the Design Argument. Faith and Philosophy 26 (4):361-377.
Jonathan Weisberg (2005). Firing Squads and Fine-Tuning: Sober on the Design Argument. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):809-821.
Milan M. Ćirković (2003). Nick Bostrom, Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 8 (4):417-423.
Neil Manson (2003). Review of Nick Bostrom, Anthropic Bias: Observation Selection Effects in Science and Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (2).
Nick Bostrom (2002). Self-Locating Belief in Big Worlds: Cosmology's Missing Link to Observation. Journal of Philosophy 99 (12):607-623.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #70,463 of 1,013,568 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,884 of 1,013,568 )
How can I increase my downloads?