David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384 (2012)
Recent research suggests that individuals with relatively weak global precedence (i.e., a smaller propensity to view visual stimuli in a configural manner) show a reduced face inversion effect (FIE). Coupled with such findings, a number of recent studies have demonstrated links between an advantage for feature-based processing and the presentation of traits associated with autism among the general population. The present study sought to bridge these findings by investigating whether a relationship exists between the possession of autism-associated traits (i.e., as indicated by individuals’“autism quotient” [(AQ) and the size of the FIE. Participants completed an on-line study in which the AQ was measured prior to a standard face recognition task where half of the faces were inverted at test. The results confirmed that higher AQ levels were predictive of smaller FIEs. Implications for a common underlying factor relating to processing orientation are discussed
|Keywords||Autism‐spectrum quotient Configural versus feature‐based processing Face inversion effect|
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References found in this work BETA
Daphne Maurer, Richard Le Grand & Catherine J. Mondloch (2002). The Many Faces of Configural Processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (6):255-260.
Robert K. Yin (1969). Looking at Upside-Down Faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):141.
Uta Frith & Francesca Happé (1994). Autism: Beyond “Theory of Mind”. Cognition 50 (1-3):115-132.
Simon Baron-Cohen (2002). The Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (6):248-254.
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Citations of this work BETA
Natalie A. Wyer, Timothy J. Hollins, Sabine Pahl & Jean Roper (2015). The Hows and Whys of Face Memory: Level of Construal Influences the Recognition of Human Faces. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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