Global trade in GM food and the cartagena protocol on biosafety: Consequences for china [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):337-356 (2002)
The UN Cartagena Protocol onBiosafety adopted in Montreal, 29 January, 2000and opened for signature in Nairobi, 15–26 May,2000 will exert a profound effect oninternational trade in genetically modifiedorganisms (GMOs) and their products. In thispaper, the potential effects of variousarticles of the Protocol on international tradein GMOs are analyzed. Based on the presentstatus of imports of GMOs and domestic researchand development of biotechnology in China,likely trends in imports of foreign GM food andrelated products after China accedes to WTO isexplored. Also, China's potentialcountermeasures to control and regulate importsof GMOs in line with implementation of theProtocol are discussed. China, in recent times,has increased its food and agricultural importssubstantially from USA and Canada. Chinaimported soybean 10.42 mill. tons in 2000 andabout 15 mill tons in 2001, of which majorityare from USA where GM soybean accounts for60%. The plantation of US Monsanto'stransgenic Bt cotton was increased to more than1 million ha in China in 2001. Though China haspaid great attention to develop biotechnology,it appears to have little scope to export GMOsand GM products. So China may consider a rangeof administrative measures to implement theCartagena Protocol and to regulate its importof GMOs and GM agricultural products.Consequently, the Regulation on Safety ofAgri-GMOs was issued on June, 2001 and followedthree detailed rules issued in Jan. of 2002,with a priority to limit foreign GMOs importingby safety certification and labeling system.These were outlined taking into accountpolicies adopted in Western countries such asgreen barriers to international trade.
|Keywords||140202 Economic Development and Growth Agriculture, Multidisciplinary Environmental Sciences History & Philosophy Of Science Ethics Biosafety Cartagena Protocol On Biosafety China Global Trade Gmo 140210 International Economics and International Finance 14 Economics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Po Keung Ip (2009). The Challenge of Developing a Business Ethics in China. Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):211 - 224.
Robert Weatherley (2000). Human Rights in China: Between Marx and Confucius. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (4):101-125.
David C. Hall, Simeon Ehui & Christopher Delgado (2004). The Livestock Revolution, Food Safety, and Small-Scale Farmers: Why They Matter to Us All. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (4-5):425-444.
Frans W. A. Brom (2004). WTO, Public Reason and Food Public Reasoning in the 'Trade Conflict' on GM-Food. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4):417 - 431.
Peter J. Li (2009). Exponential Growth, Animal Welfare, Environmental and Food Safety Impact: The Case of China's Livestock Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (3):217-240.
Xiaohe Lu (2009). A Chinese Perspective: Business Ethics in China Now and in the Future. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):451 - 461.
Dane Scott (2005). The Magic Bullet Criticism of Agricultural Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):189-197.
Kristian Toft (2012). GMOs and Global Justice: Applying Global Justice Theory to the Case of Genetically Modified Crops and Food. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):223-237.
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #284,134 of 1,096,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #106,677 of 1,096,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?