David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 165 (2):295 - 315 (2008)
In this paper, illocutionary acts of commanding will be differentiated from perlocutionary acts that affect preferences of addressees in a new dynamic logic which combines the preference upgrade introduced in DEUL (dynamic epistemic upgrade logic) by van Benthem and Liu with the deontic update introduced in ECL II (eliminative command logic II) by Yamada. The resulting logic will incorporate J. L. Austin’s distinction between illocutionary acts as acts having mere conventional effects and perlocutionary acts as acts having real effects upon attitudes and actions of agents, and help us understand why saying so can make it so in explicit performative utterances. We will also discuss how acts of commanding give rise to so-called “deontic dilemmas” and how we can accommodate most deontic dilemmas without triggering so-called “deontic explosion”.
|Keywords||Command Illocutionary act Perlocutionary act Conventional effect Obligation Preference Deontic dilemma Deontic explosion Dynamic modal logic|
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References found in this work BETA
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
Jelle Gerbrandy & Willem Groeneveld (1997). Reasoning About Information Change. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (2):147-169.
H. P. Grice (1957). Meaning. Philosophical Review 66 (3):377-388.
Jeroen Groenendijk & Martin Stokhof (1991). Dynamic Predicate Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (1):39-100.
C. L. Hamblin (1972). Quandaries and the Logic of Rules. Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (1):74 - 85.
Citations of this work BETA
Fenrong Liu (2010). Von Wright's “the Logic of Preference” Revisited. Synthese 175 (1):69 - 88.
Tomoyuki Yamada (2008). Logical Dynamics of Social Communication. Kagaku Tetsugaku 41 (2):59-73.
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