David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Religious Studies 25 (1):15 - 30 (1989)
God, who is an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent Creator and Providence, exists and There is evil are logically compatible claims. God exists, If God exists, then He has a morally sufficient reason for allowing any evil that He does allow , and There is evil is a consistent triad of propositions. Thus any pair from that triad is also consistent. Thus God exists and There is evil are logically compatible. But this does not settle the question as to whether the truth of There is evil in the world has such consequences for theism as making it highly improbable that God exists or making it unreasonable to believe that God exists . That propositions P and Q are logically compatible does not entail that one does not provide powerful evidence against the other. In particular, it has seemed that some actual evils are gratuitous or in some manner just could not fit into a God-made world. Thus the simple argument is offered that: There are gratuitous evils; If there are gratuitous evils, then there is no God; so: There is no God. I will call this simple argument the ‘root argument’, for it is this argument and sophistications of it that will occupy us hereafter
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
David Kyle Johnson (2013). A Refutation of Skeptical Theism. Sophia 52 (3):425-445.
Klaas J. Kraay (2008). Creation, Actualization and God's Choice Among Possible Worlds. Philosophy Compass 3 (4):854-872.
Klaas J. Kraay (2013). Megill's Multiverse Meta-Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):235-241.
Similar books and articles
David O'Connor (1995). Hasker on Gratuitous Natural Evil. Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):380-392.
Robert Bass (2011). Many Inscrutable Evils. Ars Disputandi 11:118-132.
Keith M. Parsons (2005). Evil and the Unknown Purpose Defense. Philo 8 (2):160-168.
William Hasker (1997). O'Connor on Gratuitous Natural Evil. Faith and Philosophy 14 (3):388-394.
Keith Chrzan (1988). When is a Gratuitous Evil Really Gratuitous? International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 24 (1/2):87 - 91.
Bryan Frances (2013). Gratuitous Suffering and the Problem of Evil: A Comprehensive Introduction. Routledge.
James Beilby (1996). Does the Empirical Problem of Evil Prove That Theism Is Improbable? Religious Studies 32 (3):315 - 323.
Alan R. Rhoda (2010). Gratuitous Evil and Divine Providence. Religious Studies 46 (3):281-302.
William Hasker (1995). Chrzan on Necessary Gratuitous Evil. Faith and Philosophy 12 (3):423-425.
Daniel Howard-Snyder & Frances Howard-Snyder (1999). Is Theism Compatible with Gratuitous Evil? American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (2):115 - 130.
Keith Chrzan (1991). God and Gratuitous Evil: A Reply to Yandell. Religious Studies 27 (1):99 - 103.
Joshua Seachris & Linda Zagzebski (2007). Weighing Evils: The C. S. Lewis Approach. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (2):81 - 88.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads14 ( #246,417 of 1,792,154 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #207,498 of 1,792,154 )
How can I increase my downloads?