What Subjective Experiences Determine the Perception of Falling Asleep During the Sleep Onset Period?
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1084-1092 (2010)
Sleep onset is associated with marked changes in behavioral, physiological, and subjective phenomena. In daily life though subjective experience is the main criterion in terms of which we identify it. But very few studies have focused on these experiences. This study seeks to identify the subjective variables that reflect sleep onset. Twenty young subjects took an afternoon nap in the laboratory while polysomnographic recordings were made. They were awakened four times in order to assess subjective experiences that correlate with the (1) appearance of slow eye movement, (2) initiation of stage 1 sleep, (3) initiation of stage 2 sleep, and (4) 5 min after the start of stage 2 sleep. A logistic regression identified control over and logic of thought as the two variables that predict the perception of having fallen asleep. For sleep perception, these two variables accurately classified 91.7% of the cases; for the waking state, 84.1%.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Timothy Lane & C. M. Yang (2010). The Threshold of Wakefulness, the Experience of Control, and Theory Development. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1095-1096.
J. T. Rowley, R. Stickgold & J. Allan Hobson (1998). Eyelid Movements and Mental Activity at Sleep Onset. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):67-84.
Carlyle T. Smith (2005). Consolidation Enhancement: Which Stages of Sleep for Which Tasks? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):83-84.
Helene Sophrin Porte (2000). Neural Constraints on Cognition in Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):994-995.
Jan Born & Steffen Gais (2000). Rem Sleep Deprivation: The Wrong Paradigm Leading to Wrong Conclusions. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):912-913.
Claude Gottesmann (2002). Mental Imagery During Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):193-193.
Alexander A. Borbély & Lutz Wittmann (2000). Sleep, Not Rem Sleep, is the Royal Road to Dreams. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):911-912.
Ronald Szymusiak (2005). The Challenge of Identifying Cellular Mechanisms of Memory Formation During Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):84-85.
M. Bosinelli & P. C. Cicogna (2000). Rem and NRem Mentation: Nielsen's Model Once Again Supports the Supremacy of Rem. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):913-914.
Piero Salzarulo (2000). Time Course of Dreaming and Sleep Organization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):1000-1000.
Benjamin Hale & Lauren Hale (2009). Choosing to Sleep. In Angus Dawson (ed.), The Philosophy of Public Health. Ashgate.
Robert P. Vertes (2005). Sleep is for Rest, Waking Consciousness is for Learning and Memory – of Any Kind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):86-87.
V. S. Rotenberg (2000). Search Activity: A Key to Resolving Contradictions in Sleep/Dream Investigation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):996-999.
R. K. Sharma (2001). Dreamless Sleep and Some Related Philosophical Issues. Philosophy East and West 51 (2):210-231.
Anton Coenen (2005). Where is the Classic Interference Theory for Sleep and Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):67-68.
Added to index2010-10-11
Total downloads125 ( #5,521 of 1,008,787 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #9,515 of 1,008,787 )
How can I increase my downloads?