Cognitive Science 36 (3):452-470 (2012)
|Abstract||The “wisdom of the crowd” phenomenon refers to the finding that the aggregate of a set of proposed solutions from a group of individuals performs better than the majority of individual solutions. Most often, wisdom of the crowd effects have been investigated for problems that require single numerical estimates. We investigate whether the effect can also be observed for problems where the answer requires the coordination of multiple pieces of information. We focus on combinatorial problems such as the planar Euclidean traveling salesperson problem, minimum spanning tree problem, and a spanning tree memory task. We develop aggregation methods that combine common solution fragments into a global solution and demonstrate that these aggregate solutions outperform the majority of individual solutions. These case studies suggest that the wisdom of the crowd phenomenon might be broadly applicable to problem-solving and decision-making situations that go beyond the estimation of single numbers|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Doug Vickers, Michael D. Lee, M. Dry, P. Hughes & Jennifer Anne McMahon, The Aesthetic Appeal of Minimal Structures: Judging the Attractiveness of Solutions to Traveling Salesperson Problems.
Nicholas Maxwell (2012). Wisdom: Object of Study or Basic Aim of Inquiry?,. In Michel Ferrari & N. Weststrate (eds.), The Scientific Study of Personal Wisdom. Springer.
Nicholas Maxwell (1980). Science, Reason, Knowledge, and Wisdom: A Critique of Specialism. Inquiry 23 (1):19 – 81.
Jonathan B. King (1993). Learning to Solve the Right Problems: The Case of Nuclear Power in America. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):105 - 116.
Nicholas Maxwell (2003). Two Great Problems of Learning. Teaching in Higher Education, 8 (January):129-134.
Nicholas Maxwell (2012). A Revolution in Universities. Bedales Association and Old Bedalian Newsletter:19.
Jeffrey C. King (forthcoming). Propositional Unity: What's the Problem, Who has It and Who Solves It? Philosophical Studies.
Nicholas Maxwell (1987). Wanted: A New Way of Thinking. New Scientist (14 May 1987):63.
Nicholas Maxwell (1992). What Kind of Inquiry Can Best Help Us Create a Good World?,. Science, Technology and Human Values 17:205-227.
Nicholas Maxwell (2010). Wisdom Mathematics. Friends of Wisdom Newsletter (6):1-6.
Nicholas Maxwell (2010). Wisdom-Inquiry. The Philosophers’ Magazine (50):84-85.
Added to index2012-01-24
Total downloads5 ( #162,017 of 556,840 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,931 of 556,840 )
How can I increase my downloads?