Signal-Detection, Threshold, and Dual-Process Models of Recognition Memory: ROCs and Conscious Recollection
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):418-441 (1996)
Threshold- and signal-detection-based models have dominated theorizing about recognition memory. Building upon these theoretical frameworks, we have argued for a dual-process model in which conscious recollection and familiarity contribute to memory performance. In the current paper we assessed several memory models by examining the effects of levels of processing and the number of presentations on recognition memory receiver operating characteristics . In general, when the ROCs were plotted in probability space they exhibited an inverted U shape; however, when they were plotted inzspace they exhibited a U shape. An examination of the ROCs showed that the dual-process model could account for the observed ROCs, but that models based solely on either threshold or signal-detection processes failed to provide a sufficient account of the data. Furthermore, an examination of subjects' introspective reports using the remember/know procedure showed that subjects were aware of recollection and familiarity and were able to consistently report on their occurrence. The remember/know data were used to accurately predict the shapes of the ROCs, and estimates of recollection and familiarity derived from the ROC data mirrored the subjective reports of these processes
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
John M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn (1998). Experiences of Remembering, Knowing, and Guessing. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (1):1-26.
Helen L. Williams, Martin A. Conway & Chris Ja Moulin (2013). Remembering and Knowing: Using Another's Subjective Report to Make Inferences About Memory Strength and Subjective Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):572-588.
Randall C. O.’Reilly, Rajan Bhattacharyya, Michael D. Howard & Nicholas Ketz (2014). Complementary Learning Systems. Cognitive Science 38 (6):1229-1248.
Similar books and articles
H. V. Curran & M. Hildebrandt (1999). Dissociative Effects of Alcohol on Recollective Experience. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):497-509.
Alan D. Pickering (1999). The Neural Bases of Recollection and Familiarity: Preliminary Tests of the Aggleton–Brown Mode. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):465-466.
Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth & Andrew P. Yonelinas (1993). Separating Conscious and Unconscious Influences of Memory: Measuring Recollection. Journal of Experimental Psychology 122 (2):139-54.
J. M. Gardiner, C. Ramponi & A. Richardson-Klavehn (1999). Response Deadline and Subjective Awareness in Recognition Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):484-496.
Andrew P. Yonelinas, Neal E. A. Kroll, Ian G. Dobbins, Michele Lazzara & Robert T. Knight (1999). The Neural Substrates of Recollection and Familiarity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):468-469.
Nicola M. J. Edelstyn, Justine Drakeford, Femi Oyebode & Chris Findlay (2003). Investigation of Conscious Recollection, False Recognition and Delusional Misidentification in Patients with Schizophrenia. Psychopathology 36 (6):312-319.
S. Windmann & T. Kruger (1998). Subconscious Detection of Threat as Reflected by an Enhanced Response Bias. Consciousness and Cognition 7 (4):603-633.
G. Knoblich & T. T. J. Kircher (2004). Deceiving Oneself About Being in Control: Conscious Detection of Changes in Visuomotor Coupling. Journal of Experimental Psychology - Human Perception and Performance 30 (4):657-66.
Narendra Katkar (2013). Science of Self Awareness and Memory. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology 2 (1):69-77.
Thomas O. Nelson (2003). Relevance of Unjustified Strong Assumptions When Utilizing Signal Detection Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):351-351.
Adrian P. Burgess & Lia Ali (2002). Functional Connectivity of Gamma EEG Activity is Modulated at Low Frequency During Conscious Recollection. International Journal of Psychophysiology 46 (2):91-100.
John A. Swets (1964). Signal Detection and Recognition in Human Observers: Contemporary Readings. John Wiley and Sons.
Steven J. Hasse & Gary D. Fisk (2001). Confidence in Word Detection Predicts Word Identification: Implications for an Unconscious Perception Paradigm. American Journal of Psychology 114 (3):439-468.
Lisa Geraci & Suparna Rajaram (2004). The Distinctiveness Effect in the Absence of Conscious Recollection: Evidence From Conceptual Priming. Journal of Memory and Language 51 (2):217-230.
Michael Snodgrass, Edward Bernat & Howard Shevrin (2004). Unconscious Perception: A Model-Based Approach to Method and Evidence. Perception and Psychophysics 66 (5):846-867.
Added to index2011-11-01
Total downloads153 ( #18,029 of 1,780,929 )
Recent downloads (6 months)116 ( #6,128 of 1,780,929 )
How can I increase my downloads?