Philosophy East and West 56 (1):136-152 (2006)
|Abstract||: Ancient Chinese logicians presupposed no fixed order in the world. Things are changing all the time. Time, then, plays a crucial role in the structure of Chinese logic. This article uses the concept of "subjective time" and the Leibnizian concept of "possible worlds" to analyze the structure of logic in the Later Mohist Canon and in the logical reasoning of other early Chinese philosophers. The author argues that Chinese logic is structured in the time of the now. This time is subjective and "spreads out" to more than one possible world. Chinese logicians had to deal with relationships in not only a single world but also more than one "possible world." The aim of Chinese logical reasoning is not to represent any universal truth but to point out (zhi ) a particular-world-related truth, or, in other words, the harmony of relations among particulars in a particular field at a single moment. Therefore, a valid Chinese logical argument represents only the beauty of harmony among possible worlds at a given moment. The harmony represented by Chinese logic brings to light a high level of aesthetic order in a world that is always changing|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Chung-Ying Cheng (1975). On Implication (Tse) and Inference (Ku) in Chinese Grammar and Chinese Logic. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 2 (3):225-244.
Chad Hansen (2001). How Chinese Thought “Shapes” Western Thought. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:25-40.
Mary Tiles & Yuan Jinmei (2004). Could the Aristotelian Square of Opposition Be Translated Into Chinese? Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 4 (1):137-149.
Xinyan Jiang (1992). The Law of Non‐Contradiction and Chinese Philosophy. History and Philosophy of Logic 13 (1):1-14.
Keqian Xu (2010). Chinese “Dao” and Western “Truth”: A Comparative and Dynamic Perspective. Asian Social Science 6 (12):8.
Weimin Sun (2009). Chinese Logic and the Absence of Theoretical Sciences in Ancient China. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 8 (4).
Chenyang Li (2008). The Ideal of Harmony in Ancient Chinese and Greek Philosophy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):81-98.
Zailin Zhang (2009). Theories of Family in Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):343-359.
Zhongyuan Sun (2007). Meta-Research in Chinese Logic. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (1):50-69.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads20 ( #61,504 of 549,065 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,185 of 549,065 )
How can I increase my downloads?