David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):167-178 (2004)
The concept of informed consent was one of the most fruitful ideas that deeply changed the relationships between physicians and their patients from paternalism to respect for the personal autonomy of subjects needing professional medical care. The great progress in medicine, also involving the pharmaceutical industry, has created an increasing need to perform different clinical and experimental trials. The evolution of clinical research in the last decades has influenced strongly the design of these studies. One of the most important changes in this field has been the use of placebo groups in double-blind controlled studies. The controversies have involved not only the use of placebo when standard or proven treatment was available, but also some specific problems concerning the procedure of obtaining informed consent in such trials. This paper briefly presents the evolution of informed consent in Poland as well as different ethical and legal problems concerning informed consent and the use of placebo controls in clinical trials.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert J. Levine (1986). Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research. Urban & Schwarzenberg.
Benjamin Freedman, Charles Weijer & Kathleen Cranley Glass (1996). Placebo Orthodoxy in Clinical Research I: Empirical and Methodological Myths. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 24 (3):243-251.
Citations of this work BETA
Raymond E. Spier (2004). Placebo: Its Action and Place in Health Research Today* — Summary and Conclusions. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):189-197.
Similar books and articles
Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
Michelle H. Biros (2007). Research Without Consent: Exception From and Waiver of Informed Consent in Resuscitation Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (3):361-369.
Deborah Bowman (2011). Informed Consent: A Primer for Clinical Practice. Cambridge University Press.
Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.
Sheila McLean (2010). Autonomy, Consent and the Law. Routledge-Cavendish.
David Shaw (2009). Prescribing Placebos Ethically: The Appeal of Negatively Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):97-99.
Juhana E. Idänpään-Heikkilä & Sev Fluss (2004). The CIOMS View on the Use of Placebo in Clinical Trials. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):23-28.
A. T. Nuyen (2007). Knowing the Unknown and Informed Consent. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (2):213-223.
Gunnel Elander & Göran Hermerén (1995). Placebo Effect and Randomized Clinical Trials. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 16 (2).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads14 ( #179,916 of 1,724,747 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #167,193 of 1,724,747 )
How can I increase my downloads?