Synthese 137 (1-2):211 - 259 (2003)
|Abstract||After a brief flirtation with logicism around 1917, David Hilbertproposed his own program in the foundations of mathematics in 1920 and developed it, in concert with collaborators such as Paul Bernays andWilhelm Ackermann, throughout the 1920s. The two technical pillars of the project were the development of axiomatic systems for everstronger and more comprehensive areas of mathematics, and finitisticproofs of consistency of these systems. Early advances in these areaswere made by Hilbert (and Bernays) in a series of lecture courses atthe University of Göttingen between 1917 and 1923, and notably in Ackermann's dissertation of 1924. The main innovation was theinvention of the -calculus, on which Hilbert's axiom systemswere based, and the development of the -substitution methodas a basis for consistency proofs. The paper traces the developmentof the ``simultaneous development of logic and mathematics'' throughthe -notation and provides an analysis of Ackermann'sconsistency proofs for primitive recursive arithmetic and for thefirst comprehensive mathematical system, the latter using thesubstitution method. It is striking that these proofs use transfiniteinduction not dissimilar to that used in Gentzen's later consistencyproof as well as non-primitive recursive definitions, and that thesemethods were accepted as finitistic at the time.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Wilfried Sieg (1999). Hilbert's Programs: 1917-1922. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 5 (1):1-44.
Richard Zach (2004). Hilbert's 'Verunglückter Beweis', the First Epsilon Theorem, and Consistency Proofs. History and Philosophy of Logic 25 (2):79-94.
W. W. Tait (2010). Gödel on Intuition and on Hilbert's Finitism. In Kurt Gödel, Solomon Feferman, Charles Parsons & Stephen G. Simpson (eds.), Kurt Gödel: Essays for His Centennial. Association for Symbolic Logic.
Gregory H. Moore (1997). Hilbert and the Emergence of Modern Mathematical Logic. Theoria 12 (1):65-90.
Jeremy Avigad & Richard Zach, The Epsilon Calculus. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Thomas Hofweber (2000). Proof-Theoretic Reduction as a Philosopher's Tool. Erkenntnis 53 (1-2):127-146.
José Ferreirós (2009). Hilbert, Logicism, and Mathematical Existence. Synthese 170 (1):33 - 70.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #71,150 of 722,741 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,247 of 722,741 )
How can I increase my downloads?