Journal of Philosophical Logic 22 (4):385-428 (1993)
|Abstract||States of affairs, situations, and worlds are integrated into a single metaphysical foundation and the most basic principles that pretheoretically characterize these entities are derived. The principles are cast as theorems in a precise logical framework and are derived from an independently- motivated axiomatic theory of objects and relations. Situations and worlds are identified as objects that both encode and exemplify properties. They encode properties of the form being such that (where p is a state of affairs). These encoded properties are distinguished from the other properties that situations and worlds both contingently and necessarily exemplify, and this distinction offers a principled answer to a variety of philosophical questions about these entities.|
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