David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Medicine Studies 2 (4):213-227 (2011)
Luigi Sacco (1769–1863) was the main protagonist of early vaccination campaign in Italy. He found a native source of vaccine lymph: with that, he personally vaccinated more than 500,000 people and furnished all Italy and some Middle East countries too. Starting from the pictures of his books, Sacco proposed to create wax models of real and spurious smallpox pustules in human, cow, sheep and horse; just to permit, not only to doctors, but also to all other health operators, the identification of the right pustules from where to extract active lymph for vaccination. In the Museum of Pathological Anatomy of the Padua University Medical School, we have four anatomical waxes which corresponded exactly to the explicative pictures in 1809 Sacco’s treatise on Vaccine. We have found the same models also at the University of Milan, Pavia and Bologna—the main cities of Cisalpine Republic , the state of North Italy formed at the epoch of Sacco following the Napoleon conquest. The history of the diffusion of these models presented in this text will be a starting point to develop wider questions. In particular, this history could be useful to improve our understanding of the birth of scientific and experimental medicine through XIX and XX Century
|Keywords||Iconography Ceroplastics Italian early vaccination Smallpox|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas May & Ross D. Silverman (2003). Should Smallpox Vaccine Be Made Available to the General Public? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (2):67-82.
Michael J. Selgelid (2003). Smallpox Revisited? American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):5 – 11.
Thomas G. Benedek (2012). Vaccination-Induced Syphilis and the Hübner Malpractice Litigation. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):92-113.
Johanna Bleker & Eva Brinkschulte (1995). Windpocken, Varioloiden oder echte Menschenpocken?—Zu den Fallstricken der retrospektiven Diagnostik. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 3 (1):97-116.
Jennifer Gray (2003). Public Health: Bush's Smallpox Vaccination Plan. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 31 (2):312-314.
Cynthia P. Schneider & Michael D. McDonald (2003). "The King of Terrors" Revisited: The Smallpox Vaccination Campaign and Its Lessons for Future Biopreparedness. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 31 (4):580-589.
M. J. Selgelid (2004). Bioterrorism and Smallpox Planning: Information and Voluntary Vaccination. Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):558-560.
Pamela Sankar, Cynthia Schairer & Susan Coffin (2003). Public Mistrust: The Unrecognized Risk of the CDC Smallpox Vaccination Program. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):22 – 25.
C. Kaposy & N. Bandrauk (2012). Prioritizing Vaccine Access for Vulnerable but Stigmatized Groups. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):283-295.
Lambros Kordelas & Caspar Grond-Ginsbach (2000). Kant über die „moralische Waghälsigkeit” der Pockenimpfung. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 8 (1):22-33.
Francesco Paolo De Ceglia (2006). Rotten Corpses, a Disembowelled Woman, a Flayed Man. Images of the Body From the End of the 17th to the Beginning of the 19th Century. Florentine Wax Models in the First-Hand Accounts of Visitors. [REVIEW] Perspectives on Science 14 (4):417-456.
Fichman Martin & Keelan Jennifer E. (2007). Resister's Logic: The Anti-Vaccination Arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and Their Role in the Debates Over Compulsory Vaccination in England, 1870–1907. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C.
Martin Fichman & Jennifer E. Keelan (2007). Resister's Logic: The Anti-Vaccination Arguments of Alfred Russel Wallace and Their Role in the Debates Over Compulsory Vaccination in England, 1870–1907. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (3):585-607.
J. M. Tchuenche, S. A. Khamis, F. B. Agusto & S. C. Mpeshe (2011). Optimal Control and Sensitivity Analysis of an Influenza Model with Treatment and Vaccination. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (1):1-28.
K. McMahon-Parkes (2011). Is Prevention Better Than Cure? A Re-Evaluation of the Potential Use of Nicotine Conjugate Vaccine in Children. Public Health Ethics 4 (2):121-128.
Added to index2011-03-09
Total downloads20 ( #159,544 of 1,780,583 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #291,765 of 1,780,583 )
How can I increase my downloads?