David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Neuroethics 6 (1):141-153 (2013)
The moral enhancement of humans by biological or genetic means has recently been urged as a response to the pressing concerns facing human civilization. In this paper, I argue that proponents of biological moral enhancement have misrepresented the facts of human moral psychology. As a result, the likely effectiveness of traditional methods of moral enhancement has been underestimated, relative to biological or genetic means. I review arguments in favor of biological moral enhancement and argue that the complexity of moral psychology raises serious problems for such interventions. I offer a programmatic sketch of the ways in which our improved understanding of moral psychology can help facilitate more traditional methods of moral enhancement. I conclude that the best response to the dangers faced by human civilization is the continued use of traditional methods of moral enhancement and the use of our improved understanding of moral psychology to further refine and develop these methods.
|Keywords||Moral enhancement Moral psychology Enhancement Moral development Ecological engineering|
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References found in this work BETA
Andy Clark (2008). Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. Oxford University Press.
Jesse J. Prinz (2007). The Emotional Construction of Morals. Oxford University Press.
John M. Doris (2002). Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior. Cambridge University Press.
Michael A. Bishop (2005). Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Kasper Raus, Farah Focquaert, Maartje Schermer, Jona Specker & Sigrid Sterckx (2014). On Defining Moral Enhancement: A Clarificatory Taxonomy. Neuroethics 7 (3):263-273.
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