David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):116-129 (2009)
Universalism can be defined as the belief in the universal application of certain knowledge, world-views and value-views. Universalism has often been confused with Occident-centrism, due to the fact that the latter was used to justify the former, which confused the content of a thought with the social condition that gave rise to the thought. For many years, clarifications of this confusion have been made in sociology of knowledge, relativism and skepticism. Yet, the particularistic conclusion thus reached has led to more confusion, namely, that between the intrinsic criterion for truth and the practical application of thought. China, with its long tradition of Sino-centrism, has recently shown a movement towards particularism, characterized by a search for national and cultural superiority by “returning to the source”. In today’s academic circles, some particularist themes are taken for granted, and believed to be true, but cannot be proved with rational examination. The particularistic claims to the “self grounded”, “self-featured” and “self-located” tradition of Chinese culture jointed with the post-modernism, neo-leftist movement of anti-globalization in the West, are not only harmful in practice, but also impotent in theory. The propaganda against the hegemony of Western discourse should be analyzed with questioning which hegemony and whose discourse.
|Keywords||Occident-centralism Sino-centralism essentialism universalism particularism cultural chauvinism globalization 西方中心论 华夏中心论 本质主义 普遍主义 特殊主义 文化本位 全球化|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Michel Foucault (1977). Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews. Cornell University Press.
Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.) (2000). Moral Particularism. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Xize Deng (2011). On the Problem of the Meaning of Life in “Chinese Philosophy”. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (4):609-627.
Saral Jhingran (2001). Ethical Relativism and Universalism. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.
Geneviève Souillac (2012). The Burden of Democracy: The Claims of Cultures, Public Culture, and Democratic Memory. Lexington Books.
Daniel Howard-Snyder (2003). In Defense of Naïve Universalism. Faith and Philosophy 20 (3):345-363.
Bruce Macfarlane & Ming Cheng (2008). Communism, Universalism and Disinterestedness: Re-Examining Contemporary Support Among Academics for Merton's Scientific Norms. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1):67-78.
Geneviève Souillac (2012). The Burden of Democracy: The Claims of Cultures and Public Culture. Lexington Books.
M. Kuna (2005). Macintyre on Tradition, Rationality, and Relativism. Res Publica 11 (3):251-273.
Zhao Dunhua & Yang Xiaohua (2009). A Defense of Universalism: With a Critique of Particularism in Chinese Culture. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (1):116 - 129.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads32 ( #65,270 of 1,692,449 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #184,284 of 1,692,449 )
How can I increase my downloads?