David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
We explore the ability to distinguish random from non-random events. Randomness is deﬁned in terms of radioactive decay whereas non-randomness is quantiﬁed by excess repetitions (“repeat”) or alternations (“switch”) between successive bits. In the ﬁrst four experiments no mention was made of randomness, probability, or related concepts in task instructions. We found superior performance in distinguishing random stimuli from repeat stimuli compared to switch stimuli. The last three experiments explicitly evoked the concept of randomness, thus allowing comparison of perceptual and conceptual performance. The ability to identify random events from switch distracters was inferior to the ability to discriminate random from switch stimuli. In contrast, for repeat stimuli the concept of randomness appears to roughly coincide with perceptual discriminability. Finally, the ability to identify or produce stimuli as random did not co-vary with the ability to discriminate random from non-random stimuli.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
André Nies, Frank Stephan & Sebastiaan A. Terwijn (2005). Randomness, Relativization and Turing Degrees. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (2):515 - 535.
Rodney G. Downey & Evan J. Griffiths (2004). Schnorr Randomness. Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (2):533 - 554.
Joseph S. Miller (2004). Every 2-Random Real is Kolmogorov Random. Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):907-913.
Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):661-691.
Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos☆. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
Roman Frigg (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
Yasmine B. Sanderson (2012). Color Charts, Esthetics, and Subjective Randomness. Cognitive Science 36 (1):142-149.
Christopher Ormell (1993). A Modern Cogito 4: Random Versus Perverse-Random. Cogito 7 (3):216-225.
Antony Eagle, Chance Versus Randomness. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Johanna N. Y. Franklin & Frank Stephan (2010). Van Lambalgen's Theorem and High Degrees. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 52 (2):173-185.
Daniel Osherson (2008). Recognizing Strong Random Reals. Review of Symbolic Logic 1 (1):56-63.
Verónica Becher, Santiago Figueira, Serge Grigorieff & Joseph S. Miller (2006). Randomness and Halting Probabilities. Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (4):1411 - 1430.
Michiel Van Lambalgen (1987). Von Mises' Definition of Random Sequences Reconsidered. Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):725 - 755.
Roman Frigg (2004). In What Sense is the Kolmogorov-Sinai Entropy a Measure for Chaotic Behaviour?—Bridging the Gap Between Dynamical Systems Theory and Communication Theory. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (3):411 - 434.
Verónica Becher & Serge Grigorieff (2005). Random Reals and Possibly Infinite Computations Part I: Randomness in ∅'. Journal of Symbolic Logic 70 (3):891-913.
Added to index2011-02-24
Total downloads3 ( #290,170 of 1,098,796 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #286,314 of 1,098,796 )
How can I increase my downloads?