David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 43 (3):211-244 (1998)
The figure of the cordial host of the Academy, who invited the most gifted mathematicians and cultivated pure research, whose keen intellect was able if not to solve the particular problem then at least to show the method for its solution: this figure is quite familiar to students of Greek science. But was the Academy as such a center of scientific research, and did Plato really set for mathematicians and astronomers the problems they should study and methods they should use? Our sources tell about Plato's friendship or at least acquaintance with many brilliant mathematicians of his day (Theodorus, Archytas, Theaetetus), but they were never his pupils, rather vice versa -- he learned much from them and actively used this knowledge in developing his philosophy. There is no reliable evidence that Eudoxus, Menaechmus, Dinostratus, Theudius, and others, whom many scholars unite into the group of so-called "Academic mathematicians," ever were his pupils or close associates. Our analysis of the relevant passages (Eratosthenes' Platonicus, Sosigenes ap. Simplicius, Proclus' "Catalogue of geometers", and Philodemus' "History of the Academy", etc.) shows that the very tendency of portraying Plato as the architect of science goes back to the early Academy and is born out of interpretations of his dialogues
|Keywords||ancient Greek science, Greek mathematics Plato, Academy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
L. Zhmud (1998). Plato as "Architect of Science". Phronesis 43 (3):211 - 244.
H. H. Benson (2012). The Problem is Not Mathematics, but Mathematicians: Plato and the Mathematicians Again. Philosophia Mathematica 20 (2):170-199.
John M. Dillon (2003). The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy, 347-274 B.C. Oxford University Press.
Phillip Sidney Horky (2009). Persian Cosmos and Greek Philosophy: Plato's Associates and the Zoroastrian Magoi. Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 37:47-103.
Julia Annas & Jacques Brunschwig (1990). Platon le sceptique. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 95 (2):267 - 291.
J. A. Towey (2010). The Berkeley Plato. [REVIEW] Journal of Classics Teaching 3 (21):36.
David Bostock (1988). Plato's Theaetetus. Oxford University Press.
John Douglas Turner & Kevin Corrigan (eds.) (2010). Plato's Parmenides and its Heritage: History and Interpretation From the Old Academy to Later Platonism and Gnosticism. Brill.
Debra Nails (1995). Agora, Academy, and the Conduct of Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
J. M. Osborn (1979). The Later Plato W. K. C. Guthrie: A History of Greek Philosophy. Vol. V: The Later Plato and the Academy. Pp. Xvi + 539. Cambridge: University Press, 1978. £17·50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (02):243-246.
Kenneth M. Sayre (2006). Metaphysics and Method in Plato's Statesman. Cambridge University Press.
W. W. Tait (2002). Noesis: Plato on Exact Science. In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court 11--31.
Added to index2010-08-31
Total downloads15 ( #241,466 of 1,907,187 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #161,266 of 1,907,187 )
How can I increase my downloads?