Relativism due to a theory of natural rationality. The research for this article was fully funded by TAFRESH university, TAFRESH, iRAN, and I should therefore acknowledge their kind support
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):337-357 (1997)
Edinburgh School's theory of natural rationality, enunciated to render symmetrical explanation plausible, thereby providing support for its relativism, is presented and evaluated. I have endeavoured to demonstrate that there are gross misinterpretations of Hesse's theory of science, network model, and her conceptions of classification of objects and of universals; that Edinburgh School's theory of natural rationality suffers from a considerable area of ignorance concerning its foundation. I have further shown that not only the theory is not descriptive of the actuality of people's reasoning, but it in fact is normatively laden. Even if these problems can be overcome, I have shown that it ultimately does not render all beliefs equivalent insofar as rationality status is concerned, and hence symmetrical explanation will still not be possible. Concerning the Edinburgh School's interest theory, I have argued that there are some incoherencies in the proposed positions; and that even if these are rectified the resulting theory leads to grotesque absurdities.
|Keywords||theory of natural rationality Edinburgh School relativism symmetrical explanation of all beliefs andknowledge-claims Hesse‘s network model social interests manipulation of the input of experience classification ofobjects theory of active social use of nature|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ali Akbar Navabi (2007). Philosophy of Science in Iran. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):75 – 89.
Similar books and articles
Mie Augier (2000). Models of Herbert A. Simon. Perspectives on Science 8 (4):407-443.
José Luis Bermúdez & Alan Millar (eds.) (2002). Reason and Nature: Essays in the Theory of Rationality. Oxford University Press.
Saeid Zibakalam (1994). Relativism Due to Underdetermination of Theory by Data. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3):211 – 228.
Elisabeth A. Lloyd (1983). The Nature of Darwin's Support for the Theory of Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 50 (1):112-129.
Nader Saiedi (1987). A Critique of Habermas' Theory of Practical Rationality. Studies in East European Thought 33 (3):251-265.
D. Andler (ed.) (1995). Facets of Rationality. Sage Publications.
Martin Bunzl (2002). Evolutionary Games Without Rationality? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 32 (3):365-378.
Wolfgang Spohn (2002). The Many Facets of the Theory of Rationality. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):249-264.
Kevin Schilbrack (2009). Rationality, Relativism, and Religion: A Reinterpretation of Peter Winch. [REVIEW] Sophia 48 (4):399-412.
Saeid Zibakalam (1997). Relativism Due to a Theory of Natural Rationality. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 28 (2):337 - 357.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #147,710 of 1,700,257 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #161,079 of 1,700,257 )
How can I increase my downloads?