Modularity in philosophy, the neurosciences, and psychiatry

Poiesis and Praxis 6 (1-2):93-108 (2008)
Abstract
The neurosciences are generating new findings regarding genetic and neurobiological aspects of the pathophysiology of mental disorders. Especially, certain genetic risk factors like neuregulin-1 seem to predispose individuals to a psychotic phenotype beyond the limits of traditional classificatory boundaries between organic psychoses in Alzheimer’s disease, bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia. Little, however, is known about how such genetic risk factors actually confer an increased risk for psychosis in an individual patient. A gap between neuroscientific findings and psychopathological phenomena exists. The main hypothesis how this gap may be bridged is that mental disorders arise as a consequence of dysfunctions of normal mental functions. Modularity may provide a useful conceptual framework in that temporally and/or spatially stable neural circuits subserve certain physiological functions of the human brain, which become the target of pathophysiological effectors. The idea of a modular construction of the human brain is based on neurobiological evidence regarding the columnar architecture of the cerebral cortex, which provides certain elementary analytical functions. Modular dysfunctions may be assessed with methods of experimental psychopathology, in which subsystems of brain functions are tested with standardized experimental psychological techniques (functional psychopathology). The main questions here are how to define a module, and whether the classical neuroscientific definitions can be used to characterize higher integrative functions of the human brain
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
 
Download options
PhilPapers Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 11,826
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Max Coltheart (1999). Modularity and Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (3):115-120.

View all 11 references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Similar books and articles
Keith Frankish (2012). Cognitive Capacities, Mental Modules, and Neural Regions. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):279-282.
Panagiotis Oulis (2010). Nature and Main Kinds of Psychopathological Mechanisms. Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (2):27-34.
P. Janich (2003). Human Nature and Neurosciences: A Methodical Cultural Criticism of Naturalism in the Neurosciences. Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 2 (1):29-40.
Analytics

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2010-09-02

Total downloads

12 ( #133,580 of 1,100,123 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

6 ( #51,421 of 1,100,123 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Start a new thread
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.