David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (3):385-411 (2001)
Late nineteenth-century German anthropology had to compete for intellectual legitimacy with the established academic humanities (Geisteswissenschaften), above all history. Whereas humanists interpreted literary documents to create narratives about great civilizations, anthropologists represented and viewed objects, such as skulls or artifacts, to create what they regarded as natural scientific knowledge about so-called 'natural peoples'-colonized societies of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas. Anthropologists thus invoked a venerable tradition that presented looking at objects as a more certain source of knowledge than reading texts. Visual representations, especially of the colonized, not only allowed anthropologists allegedly objective insight into humanity but also put them in direct contact with popular audiences of ethnographic spectacles, exotic photography, and even pornographic images. Anthropologists thus sought to create a peculiar kind of anthropological vision that both differentiated them from humanists as 'objective' natural scientists but also distinguished them from the leering 'Schaulust' that they believed characterized popular consumption of exotic images. To do so they invented technologies of visual representation that eschewed the subject position figured by linear perspective. These novel optics dispensed with the leering subject posited by popular spectacles and the knowing subject posited by humanism and created an anti-humanist form of knowledge.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Joel Snyder & Neil Walsh Allen (1975). Photography, Vision, and Representation. Critical Inquiry 2 (1):143-169.
Suzanne L. Marchand (1994). The Rhetoric of Artifacts and the Decline of Classical Humanism: The Case of Josef Strzygowski. History and Theory 33 (4):106-130.
Joel Snyder (1980). Picturing Vision. Critical Inquiry 6 (3):499-526.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Kate Soper (1986). Humanism and Anti-Humanism. Open Court.
Jeffrey McDonough (forthcoming). Descartes' Dioptrics and Descartes' Optics. In Nolan Larry (ed.), The Cambridge Descartes Lexicon. Cambridge
Jim Herrick (2003). Humanism: An Introduction. Prometheus Books.
Kurt Stadtwald (1996). Roman Popes and German Patriots: Antipapalism in the Politics of the German Humanist Movement From Gregor Heimburg to Martin Luther. Librairie Droz.
Karen Fog Olwig & Kirsten Hastrup (eds.) (1997). Siting Culture: The Shifting Anthropological Object. Routledge.
I. C. Jarvie (1984). Anthropology as Science and the Anthropology of Science and of Anthropology or Understanding and Explanation in the Social Sciences, Part II. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:745 - 763.
Johannes Fabian (2001). Anthropology with an Attitude: Critical Essays. Stanford University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads11 ( #340,452 of 1,938,810 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #294,284 of 1,938,810 )
How can I increase my downloads?