David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):715 - 761 (2006)
The paper is about the interpretation of opaque verbs like “seek”, “owe”, and “resemble” which allow for unspecific readings of their (indefinite) objects. It is shown that the following two observations create a problem for semantic analysis: (a) The opaque position is upward monotone: “John seeks a unicorn” implies “John seeks an animal”, given that “unicorn” is more specific than “animal”. (b) Indefinite objects of opaque verbs allow for higher-order, or “underspecific”, readings: “Jones is looking for something Smith is looking for” can express that there is something unspecific that both Jones and Smith are looking for. Given (a) and (b), it would seem that the following inference is hard to escape, if the premisses are construed unspecifically and the conclusion is taken on its under- specific reading: Jones is looking for a sweater. Smith is looking for a pen. Smith is looking for something Jones is looking for.
|Keywords||Intensional verbs Opaque verbs|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
David K. Lewis (1973). Counterfactuals. Blackwell Publishers.
W. V. Quine (1960). Word and Object. The MIT Press.
Robert Stalnaker (1999). Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought. Oxford University Press.
Bertrand Russell (2005). On Denoting. Mind 114 (456):873 - 887.
Citations of this work BETA
Nissim Francez & Roy Dyckhoff (2010). Proof-Theoretic Semantics for a Natural Language Fragment. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):447-477.
Friederike Moltmann (2008). Intensional Verbs and Their Intentional Objects. Natural Language Semantics 16 (3):239-270.
David-Hillel Ruben (2013). Trying in Some Way. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):719-733.
Bartosz Więckowski (2012). A Constructive Type-Theoretical Formalism for the Interpretation of Subatomically Sensitive Natural Language Constructions. Studia Logica 100 (4):815-853.
Similar books and articles
Makoto Kanazawa (1994). Weak Vs. Strong Readings of Donkey Sentences and Monotonicity Inference in a Dynamic Setting. Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (2):109 - 158.
Nicholas Denyer (1999). Names, Verbs and Quantification Again. Philosophy 74 (3):439-440.
Greg Hill (2006). Rousseau's Theory of Human Association: Transparent and Opaque Communities. Palgrave Macmillan.
Georgette Ioup (1977). Specificity and the Interpretation of Quantifiers. Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (2):233 - 245.
Thomas Ede Zimmermann (1993). On the Proper Treatment of Opacity in Certain Verbs. Natural Language Semantics 2 (1):149-179.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads28 ( #145,369 of 1,911,616 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #322,162 of 1,911,616 )
How can I increase my downloads?