Do Unfair Procedures Predict Employees' Ethical Behavior by Deactivating Formal Regulations?

Journal of Business Ethics 94 (3):411 - 425 (2010)
The purpose of this study was to extend the knowledge about why procedural justice (PJ) has behavioral implications within organizations. Since prior studies show that PJ leads to legitimacy, the author suggests that, when formal regulations are unfairly implemented, they lose their validity or efficacy (becoming deactivated even if they are formally still in force). This "rule deactivation," in turn, leads to two proposed destructive work behaviors, namely, workplace deviance and decreased citizenship behaviors (OCBs). The results support this mediating role of PJD, thus suggesting that it forms part of the generative mechanism through which unfair procedures influence (un) ethical behavior within organizations. The author ends the article by discussing behavioral ethics and managerial implications as well as suggestions for future research
Keywords procedural justice  workplace deviance  citizenship behavior  behavioral ethics  rule deactivation  formal regulations
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