Can there be Costless War? Violent Exposures and (In)Vulnerable Selves in Benjamin Percy's “Refresh, Refresh'
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Critical Horizons 12 (2):251-269 (2011)
The technological transformation of the conduct of war, exemplified by the American employment of drones in Afghanistan and in Iraq, calls for a critical reflection about the fantasies that underpin, and are in turn animated by, the robotic revolution of the military. At play here is a fantasy of a “costless war" or a “sterile war", that is such act of military state violence against the other that is inconsequential for the self. In other words, the seductive appeal of the “costless war’ fantasy rests on the desire to develop a self that is invulnerable in the face of violence. Importantly, it is a desire explicitly projected towards a particular American future (of an imagined warfare, or of a super-power status), but also one that is connected to a lacking critical reflection about the intersubjective aspects of violence in the debates about America’s post-9/11 military involvements. This article reflects critically about the fantasy of the “costless war" and about its underpinning politics of invulnerability from a perhaps unlikely angle of literature. In a close reading of a short story by Benjamin Percy called “Refresh, Refresh" (2008), it explores its narrative insights into how acts of violence, which are undertaken far from home, inevitably return to affect and damage, perhaps beyond repair, the subject at home. Importantly, the return of violence in Percy’s story occurs within the domain of the everyday and the mundane, not of the exceptional, and testifies to the despair experienced by young males “abandoned" by their military fathers. My interpretation draws also on theoretical explorations of the connection between violence, intersubjectivity and vulnerability, based on the ideas of Emmanuel Levinas on the subject's ethical captivity by the suffering of the other, and on Judith Butler's recent “uses" of the Levinasian ethical project in her writing about the post-9/11 America
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Chris J. Cuomo (1996). War Is Not Just an Event: Reflections on the Significance of Everyday Violence. Hypatia 11 (4):30 - 45.
Elena Del Rio (2012). Samuel Fuller's Schizo-Violent Cinema and the Affective Politics of War. Deleuze Studies 6 (3):438-463.
James Q. Whitman (2012). The Verdict of Battle: The Law of Victory and the Making of Modern War. Harvard University Press.
Torkel Brekke (2004). Wielding the Rod of Punishment – War and Violence in the Political Science of Kautilya. Journal of Military Ethics 3 (1):40-52.
Patience Coster (2013). The Ethics of War. Rosen Central.
Tarik Kochi (2009). The Other's War: Recognition and the Violence of Ethics. Birkbeck Law Press.
Jim Storr (2009). The Human Face of War. Continuum.
Sally Scholz (2006). Just War Theory, Crimes of War, and War Rape. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (1):143-157.
Joe Frank Jones Iii (2011). Monotheism, War, and Intellectual Leadership. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 18 (1):102-114.
N. Sussmann (2013). Can Just War Theory Delegitimate Terrorism? European Journal of Political Theory 12 (4):425-446.
Gaoshan Zuo (2007). Just War and Justice of War: Reflections on Ethics of War. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):280-290.
Jean Bethke Elshtain (ed.) (1992). Just War Theory. New York University Press.
Added to index2011-10-13
Total downloads5 ( #175,930 of 1,005,468 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #64,743 of 1,005,468 )
How can I increase my downloads?