David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Erkenntnis 72 (1):17 - 35 (2010)
There is growing interest in understanding and eliciting division of labor within groups of scientists. This paper illustrates the need for this division of labor through a historical example, and a formal model is presented to better analyze situations of this type. Analysis of this model reveals that a division of labor can be maintained in two different ways: by limiting information or by endowing the scientists with extreme beliefs. If both features are present however, cognitive diversity is maintained indefinitely, and as a result agents fail to converge to the truth. Beyond the mechanisms for creating diversity suggested here, this shows that the real epistemic goal is not diversity but transient diversity.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. McKenzie Alexander (2007). The Structural Evolution of Morality. Cambridge University Press.
Philip Kitcher (2002). 14 Social Psychology and the Theory of Science. In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. Cambridge University Press. 263.
Philip Kitcher (1993). The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions. Oxford University Press.
Philip Kitcher (1990). The Division of Cognitive Labor. Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
Citations of this work BETA
Boaz Miller (2013). When is Consensus Knowledge Based? Distinguishing Shared Knowledge From Mere Agreement. Synthese 190 (7):1293-1316.
Igor Douven & Christoph Kelp (2011). Truth Approximation, Social Epistemology, and Opinion Dynamics. Erkenntnis 75 (2):271-283.
Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (2012). Estlund on Epistocracy: A Critique. [REVIEW] Res Publica 18 (3):241-258.
Kevin J. S. Zollman (2013). Network Epistemology: Communication in Epistemic Communities. Philosophy Compass 8 (1):15-27.
Ryan Muldoon (2013). Diversity and the Division of Cognitive Labor. Philosophy Compass 8 (2):117-125.
Similar books and articles
Jacqueline A. Gilbert, Bette Ann Stead & John M. Ivancevich (1999). Diversity Management: A New Organizational Paradigm. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 21 (1):61 - 76.
Michael Weisberg & Ryan Muldoon (2009). Epistemic Landscapes and the Division of Cognitive Labor. Philosophy of Science 76 (2):225-252.
Elizabeth Anderson (2006). The Epistemology of Democracy. Episteme 3 (1-2):8-22.
James Bohman (2006). Deliberative Democracy and the Epistemic Benefits of Diversity. Episteme 3 (3):175-191.
Carlo Ricotta (2003). Additive Partition of Parametric Information and its Associated Β-Diversity Measure. Acta Biotheoretica 51 (2).
Charles Hampden-Turner & Ginger Chih (2011). Dilemmas Of Diversity: A New Paradigm of Integrating Diversity. World Futures 66 (3):192-218.
Charles Hampden-Turner & Ginger Chih (2010). Dilemmas of Diversity: A New Paradigm of Integrating Diversity. World Futures 66 (3 & 4):192 – 218.
Fenrong Liu (2009). Diversity of Agents and Their Interaction. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (1):23-53.
Andrew Koehl (2005). On Blanket Statements About the Epistemic Effects of Religious Diversity. Religious Studies 41 (4):395-414.
Miriam Solomon (2006). Norms of Epistemic Diversity. Episteme 3 (1-2):23-36.
Added to index2009-10-24
Total downloads37 ( #46,217 of 1,101,092 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #27,774 of 1,101,092 )
How can I increase my downloads?