Metaphysics as interpretation of conscious life: Some remarks on D. Henrich's and D. Kolak's thinking
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 162 (3):425 - 438 (2008)
In this article, I discuss the manner in which Dieter Henrich’s theory of subjectivity has emerged from the fundamental questions of German Idealism, and in what manner and to what extent this theory effects a reinstatement of metaphysics. In so doing, I shall argue that Henrich’s position represents a viable refutation of the attempt of the physicalist explanation of the world to prove the concept of the subject to be superfluous. Henrich’s metaphysics of subjectivity is primarily focused on the ‘ultimate questions’ which also compose “the deep levels of our subjectivity” and concern the factors that should promote stability in our emotional, moral and intellectual life. I argue with Henrich that the indisputable facticity of our conscious life is worthy of our special consideration and interpretation, explanation and clarification, just as the deeper meaning (the individual and collective subconscious structure) hidden beneath the layers of apparent comprehensibility calls for urgent investigation. Such interpretation and elucidation of life’s meaning has a tripartite character: first, it consists of clarification of the totality of human experience together with the realities playing a part in it; second, it builds on the process by which the contents of experience are cognized, and the knowledge thereof which results; thirdly, it embraces the transcendental precondition enabling each and every one of us to consciously lead our lives—for life, in a human sense, does not merely happen to one. Henrich’s metaphysical foundation of subjectivity is compared with Kolak‘s position, according to which individual consciousness is not insular, but integrated into the totality of overall unity that some have called “the Universal Self”, “the Noumenal Self”.
|Keywords||Subjectivity Conscious life Self-consciousness Personal identity Universal self Ultimate questions|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Immanuel Kant (1900). Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. Georg Reimer.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jay Lombard (2008). Synchrnoic Consciousness From a Neurological Point of View: The Philosophical Foundations for Neuroethics. Synthese 162 (3):439 - 450.
D. Henrich (2003). Subjectivity as Philosophical Principle. Critical Horizons 4 (1):7-27.
S. Bernecker (2006). Dieter Henrich and Contemporary Philosophy: The Return to Subjectivity. Philosophical Review 115 (1):115-117.
Ingvar Horgby (1965). Immediacy - Subjectivity - Revelation. Inquiry 8 (1-4):84 – 117.
Garrett Thomson (2008). Counting Subjects. Synthese 162 (3):373 - 384.
Dieter Henrich (1969). The Proof-Structure of Kant's Transcendental Deduction. Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):640-659.
Ian Proops (2003). Kant's Legal Metaphor and the Nature of a Deduction. Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):209-229.
Dieter Freundlieb (2000). Why Subjectivity Matters: Critical Theory and the Philosophy of the Subject. Critical Horizons 1 (2):229-245.
Dieter Henrich (1994). The Unity of Reason: Essays on Kant's Philosophy. Harvard University Press.
Bernard Freydberg (2004). On Hölderlin's "Andenken": Heidegger, Gadamer and Henrich—a Decision? Research in Phenomenology 34 (1):181-197.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads13 ( #119,482 of 1,099,048 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #80,012 of 1,099,048 )
How can I increase my downloads?