David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 110 (2):297 - 334 (1997)
This paper aims at a partial rehabilitation of E. A. Moody's characterization of the 14th century as an age of rising empiricism, specifically by contrasting the conception of the natural science of psychology found in the writings of a prominent 13th-century philosopher (Thomas Aquinas) with those of two 14th-century philosophers (John Buridan and Nicole Oresme). What emerges is that if the meaning of empiricism can be disengaged from modern and contemporary paradigms, and understood more broadly in terms of a cluster of epistemic doctrines concerned with the methodology of knowing, it characterizes very appropriately some of the differences between the ways in which late-medieval thinkers both understood and practised the science of psychology. In particular, whereas Aquinas thinks psychology is about reasoning demonstratively to the real nature of the soul from its evident operations (thereby assimilating psychology to metaphysics), Buridan and Oresme, both of whom doubt whether real animate natures can be known empirically, focus on giving detailed accounts of those operations themselves (thereby assimilating psychology to physics).
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Epistemology Logic Metaphysics Philosophy of Language|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jack Zupcko (1997). What is the Science of the Soul? A Case Study in the Evolution of Late Medieval Natural Philosophy. Synthese 110 (2):297-334.
Edward Grant (2010). The Nature of Natural Philosophy in the Late Middle Ages. Catholic University of America Press.
Anneliese Maier (1982). On the Threshold of Exact Science: Selected Writings of Anneliese Maier on Late Medieval Natural Philosophy. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Robert Pasnau (2012). Mind and Hylomorphism. In John Marenbon (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy. Oxford University Press
Thomas Sturm (2001). How Not to Investigate the Human Mind: Kant on the Impossibility of Empirical Psychology. In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant and the Sciences. Oxford University Press
Pekka Kärkkäinen (2009). Psychology and the Soul in Late Medieval Erfurt. Vivarium 47 (4):421-443.
Henrik Lagerlund (2004). John Buridan and the Problems of Dualism in the Early Fourteenth Century. Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (4):369-387.
Joël Biard (2008). Diversité Des Fonctions Et Unité de l'Âme Dans la Psychologie Péripatéticienne (XIVe - XVIe Siècle). Vivarium 46 (3):342-367.
Stewart Goetz (2011). A Brief History of the Soul. Wiley-Blackwell.
J. M. M. H. Thijssen & Jack Zupko (eds.) (2001). The Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy of John Buridan. Brill.
Lilli Alanen (2008). Cartesian Scientia and the Human Soul. Vivarium 46 (3):418-442.
Evangelos Christou (2007). The Logos of the Soul. Spring Publications.
Added to index2011-05-29
Total downloads17 ( #236,663 of 1,938,452 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #122,845 of 1,938,452 )
How can I increase my downloads?