Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2008)
This paper is an encyclopedia entry on the political philosophy of libertarianism, written for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It discusses the major contemporary strands of libertarianism and their historical roots, and presents some of the main criticisms of these strands. Its focus is on libertarianism as a doctrine about distributive justice and political authority, and specifically on the consequentialist and natural rights formulations of these views.
Keywords natural rights  self-ownership  private property  tragedy of the commons  prisoner's dilemma  invisible hand  government intervention  anarcho-capitalism  Locke  Nozick  Rand
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