David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 74 (1):65 - 90 (1988)
New computer systems of discovery create a research program for logic and philosophy of science. These systems consist of inference rules and control knowledge that guide the discovery process. Their paths of discovery are influenced by the available data and the discovery steps coincide with the justification of results. The discovery process can be described in terms of fundamental concepts of artificial intelligence such as heuristic search, and can also be interpreted in terms of logic. The traditional distinction that places studies of scientific discovery outside the philosophy of science, in psychology, sociology, or history, is no longer valid in view of the existence of computer systems of discovery. It becomes both reasonable and attractive to study the schemes of discovery in the same way as the criteria of justification were studied: empirically as facts, and logically as norms.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Clark Glymour (1980). Theory and Evidence. Princeton University Press.
Malcolm R. Forster (1987). Scientific Discovery Computational Explorations of the Creative Processes. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
Carl G. Hempel (1966). Philosophy of Natural Science. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,Prentice-Hall.
Hans Reichenbach (1938). Experience and Prediction. University of Chicago Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Stephen Stich (1993). Naturalizing Epistemology: Quine, Simon and the Prospects for Pragmatism. In C. Hookway & D. Peterson (eds.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press 1-17.
Mark Burgin & Vladimir Kuznetsov (1994). Scientific Problems and Questions From a Logical Point of View. Synthese 100 (1):1 - 28.
Peter P. Kirschenmann (1991). Local and Normative Rationality of Science: The 'Content of Discovery' Rehabilitated. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):61-72.
Similar books and articles
Paul Thagard (1982). Artificial Intelligence, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Discovery. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:166 - 175.
Kevin T. Kelly (1987). The Logic of Discovery. Philosophy of Science 54 (3):435-452.
Stephen Downes (1990). Herbert Simon's Computational Models of Scientific Discovery. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:97 - 108.
Matthew D. Lund (2010). N. R. Hanson: Observation, Discovery, and Scientific Change. Humanity Books.
Mario Alai (2004). A.I., Scientific Discovery and Realism. Minds and Machines 14 (1):21-42.
Herbert Simon (1995). Machine Discovery. Foundations of Science 1 (2):171-200.
Claude Savary (1995). Discovery and its Logic: Popper and the "Friends of Discovery". Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (3):318-344.
Mehul Shah (2008). The Logics of Discovery in Popper's Evolutionary Epistemology. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (2):303 - 319.
Herbert A. Simon (1973). Does Scientific Discovery Have a Logic? Philosophy of Science 40 (4):471-480.
Mehul Shah (2007). Is It Justifiable to Abandon All Search for a Logic of Discovery? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (3):253 – 269.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads31 ( #101,145 of 1,725,158 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #210,933 of 1,725,158 )
How can I increase my downloads?