New books and articles

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Jun 30th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Eirik Lang Harris, Cline, Erin M., Confucius, Rawls and the Sense of Justice.
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  2. Eske J. Møllgaard, Political Confucianism and the Politics of Confucian Studies.
    Through the 1980s Confucian studies in the United States tended to present Confucianism as compatible with liberal democratic values. Since the 1990s, after the rise of China as a global power, Confucianism is increasingly defended as a political alternative to liberal and democratic values. This essay argues that Confucianism is not compatible with liberal democratic values, and that the rise of political Confucianism opposed to liberal democracy is a return to a more authentic Confucianism. Furthermore, it is argued that the (...)
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  3. Michael Slote, Virtue’s Turn and Return.
    Virtue theorizing, long in eclipse, has revived strongly in recent times. However, virtue-type approaches predominate in non-Western cultures and dominated Western thought before the modern period. So the revival can make one wonder whether modern epistemology and ethics do not represent a kind a medieval period relative to these other historical/sociological facts. Why did virtue ethics and epistemology go into eclipse in the West during the modern period? The emerging importance of the individual may represent a kind of shock of (...)
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  1. Trevor Latimer, Plural Voting and Political Equality: A Thought Experiment in Democratic Theory.
    I demonstrate that a set of well-known objections defeat John Stuart Mill’s plural voting proposal, but do not defeat plural voting as such. I adopt the following as a working definition of political equality: a voting system is egalitarian if and only if departures from a baseline of equally weighted votes are normatively permissible. I develop an alternative proposal, called procedural plural voting, which allocates plural votes procedurally, via the free choices of the electorate, rather than according to a substantive (...)
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  1. Jennifer Prah Ruger, Governing for the Common Good.
    The proper object of global health governance should be the common good, ensuring that all people have the opportunity to flourish. A well-organized global society that promotes the common good is to everyone’s advantage. Enabling people to flourish includes enabling their ability to be healthy. Thus, we must assess health governance by its effectiveness in enhancing health capabilities. Current GHG fails to support human flourishing, diminishes health capabilities and thus does not serve the common good. The provincial globalism theory of (...)
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volume 13, issue 38, 2015
  1. Silvia Maria Montenegro, Formas de adhesión al Islam en Argentina: conversión, tradición, elección, reasunción y tránsito intra-islámico.
    As in other Latin American countries, Muslim presence in Argentina traces its origin to Arab migration waves in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; most of these immigrants came from Lebanon and Syria. We can identify three historical periods; each of these stages involves different degrees of institutionalization, diversification, visibility and negotiation of recognition in the national arena. Currently, Islam is one of the religious options available in a plural religious field and, increasingly, the communities are composed of Muslim (...)
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  2. Vicenzo Pace, L’islam tra il turbante e l’elmetto.
    Editoriale: L’islam tra il turbante e l’elmetto Dossier: Islam: Religione e Cultura v. 13, n. 38, apr./giung. 2015.
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volume 49, issue 2, 2015
  1. Michael Fordham, Teachers and the Academic Disciplines.
    Alasdair MacIntyre's argument, that teaching is not a social practice, has been extensively criticised, and indeed teaching is normally understood more generally to be a form of generic activity that is a practice in its own right. His associated proposition, that teachers are practitioners of the discipline they teach, has, however, received considerably less attention. MacIntyre himself recognised that for teachers to be understood as being part of the discipline they teach, a broader definition of what is meant by ‘discipline’ (...)
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  2. Anders Schinkel, Doret J. Ruyter & Aharon Aviram, Education and Life's Meaning.
    There are deep connections between education and the question of life's meaning, which derive, ultimately, from the fact that, for human beings, how to live—and therefore, how to raise one's children—is not a given but a question. One might see the meaning of life as constitutive of the meaning of education, and answers to the question of life's meaning might be seen as justifying education. Our focus, however, lies on the contributory relation: our primary purpose is to investigate whether and (...)
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  3. Michalinos Zembylas, Foucault and Human Rights: Seeking the Renewal of Human Rights Education.
    This article takes up Foucault's politics of human rights and suggests that it may constitute a point of departure for the renewal of HRE, not only because it rejects the moral superiority of humanism—the grounding for the dominant liberal framework of international human rights—but also because it makes visible the complexities of human rights as illimitable and as strategic tools for new political struggles. Enriching human rights critiques has important implications for HRE, precisely because these critiques prevent the dominance of (...)
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volume 3, issue 1, 2015
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    Brad Hooker, The Elements of Well-Being.
    This essay contends that the constitutive elements of well-being are plural, partly objective, and separable. The essay argues that these elements are pleasure, friendship, significant achievement, important knowledge, and autonomy, but not either the appreciation of beauty or the living of a morally good life. The essay goes on to attack the view that elements of well-being must be combined in order for well-being to be enhanced. The final section argues against the view that, because anything important to say about (...)
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    F. M. Kamm, Cost Effectiveness Analysis and Fairness.
    This article considers some different views of fairness and whether they conflict with the use of a version of Cost Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) that calls for maximizing health benefits per dollar spent. Among the concerns addressed are whether this version of CEA ignores the concerns of the worst off and inappropriately aggregates small benefits to many people. I critically examine the views of Daniel Hausman and Peter Singer who defend this version of CEA and Eric Nord among others who criticize (...)
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    Simon Keller, Motives to Assist and Reasons to Assist: The Case of Global Poverty.
    The principle of assistance says that the global rich should help the global poor because they are able to do so, and at little cost. The principle of contribution says that the rich should help the poor because the rich are partly to blame for the plight of the poor. This paper explores the relationship between the two principles and offers support for one version of the principle of assistance. The principle of assistance is most plausible, the paper argues, when (...)
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forthcoming articles
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    Julie Walsh & Eric Stencil, Malebranche on the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Particular Volitions.
    In this paper, we consider the metaphysics and epistemology of God's particular volitions in Malebranche's philosophy. We focus, in particular, on three candidates of instances of divine particular volitions: creation, original sin, and the Incarnation. We argue that only with an understanding of both the nature of particular volitions and the conditions under which it is possible to have knowledge about the kinds of volitions by which God acts can we appreciate the intersection among the three central features of Malebranche's (...)
     
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volume 20, issue 2, 2015
  1. Claudia Blöser, Degrees of Responsibility in Kant’s Practical Philosophy.
    It has been argued that Kants actions. However, it would be uncompromising to allow for only two possibilities: either full responsibility or none. Moreover, in the Metaphysics of Morals Kant himself claims that there can be degrees of responsibility, depending on the magnitude of the obstacles that have to be overcome when acting. I will show that this claim is consistent with Kant’s theory as a whole and thereby make transparent how degrees of responsibility are possible for Kant. The solution (...)
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  2. Jochen Bojanowski, Categories of Freedom as Categories of Practical Cognition.
    Kant famously claims that the table of the categories of freedom does not require explanation, . Kant interpreters have been baffled by this claim, and the disagreement among the increasing number of studies in more recent years suggests that the table is not as straightforward as Kant took it to be. In this article I want to show that a coherent interpretation of the table depends essentially on a clarification of what have been taken to be three fundamental ambiguities in (...)
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  3. Jennifer K. Dobe, Jennifer McMahon, Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant’s Pragmatist Legacy New York: Routledge, 2013 Pp. 250 ISBN 9780415504522 $125.00. [REVIEW]
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  4. Paul Gorner, Thomas Nenon , Kant, Kantianism, and Idealism: The Origins of Continental Philosophy Durham: Acumen, 2010 Pp. Xv+345 ISBN 97811844656097 £24.99; 9781844652112. [REVIEW]
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  5. Robert Gressis, Lawrence Pasternack, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason London: Routledge, 2014 Pp. Xv+272 ISBN 9780415507844 £75.00. [REVIEW]
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  6. Jeanine Grenberg, Response to Ware and Moyar.
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  7. Dean Moyar, The First Person and the Moral Law.
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  8. Stephen R. Palmquist, What is Kantian Gesinnung ? On the Priority of Volition Over Metaphysics and Psychology in Religion Within the Bounds of Bare Reason.
    Kants theories of both general moral decision-making and specifically religious conversion. It is argued that Kantian Gesinnung is volitional, referring to a personconvictionberzeugung (). This is confirmed by a detailed analysis of the 169 occurrences of Gesinnung and cognate words in Religion. It contrasts with what is suggested by translating Gesinnung as , which reinforces a tendency to interpret the notion more metaphysically, and also with Pluharattitude’, which has too strongly psychological connotations.
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  9. Justin B. Shaddock, Kant’s Transcendental Idealism and His Transcendental Deduction.
    I argue for a novel, non-subjectivist interpretation of Kant’s transcendental idealism. Kant’s idealism is often interpreted as specifying how we must experience objects or how objects must appear to us. I argue to the contrary by appealing to Kant’s Transcendental Deduction. Kant’s Deduction is the proof that the categories are not merely subjectively necessary conditions we need for our cognition, but objectively valid conditions necessary for objects to be appearances. My interpretation centres on two claims. First, Kant’s method of self-knowledge (...)
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  10. Owen Ware, Accessing the Moral Law Through Feeling.
    In this article I offer a critical commentary on Jeanine Grenbergs validity through the feeling of respect. The issue turns on how we understand Kantfact of reason’. Grenberg argues that all facts must be forced, and anything forced must be felt. I defend an alternative interpretation, according to which the fact of reason refers to the actuality of our moral consciousness.
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volume 14, issue , 2014
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    Julie Walsh, Locke on the Power to Suspend.
    My aim in this paper is to determine how Locke understands suspension and the role it plays in his view of human liberty. To this end I, 1) discuss the deficiencies of the first edition version of ‘Of Power’ and why Locke needed to include the ability to suspend in the second edition, then 2) analyze Locke’s definitions of the power to suspend with a focus on his use of the terms ‘source’, ‘hinge’, and ‘inlet’ to describe the power. I (...)
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volume 25, issue 1, 2015
  1. Arnaldo Enrique Donoso Aceituno, Reseña: Nibaldo Acero, Jorge Cáceres y Hugo Herrera . Vestigio y especulación: Textos anunciados, inacabados y perdidos de la literatura chilena. Santiago: Chancacazo Editores. 287 páginas. [REVIEW]
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  2. Horacio Gabriel M. Simunovic Díaz, Discurso, poder e institucionalidad: canon, cánones y canonización. El caso Bolaño, desde una perspectiva diacrónica.
    El estudio propuesto intenta ofrecer una entrada parcial pero ilustrativa del fenómeno de canonización de la figura autorial de Roberto Bolaño y su obra, desde una perspectiva sistémica, valorativa y diacrónica. El supuesto básico de este trabajo es que la lengua es un sistema social y una red de recursos de construcción de significado que se instancia a través de múltiples textos, surgidos según condiciones contextuales determinadas, orientados a la consecución de metas específicas y constreñidos por valores y reglas institucionales (...)
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  3. Christián Matamoros Fernández, La teoría política de Arendt o cómo lo sólido se desvanece en el aire.
    En las últimas décadas, las reflexiones filosóficas de Hannah Arendt han tenido profundas influencias en la filosofía política, la sociología, la ciencia política y la teoría política. Sin embargo, a estas reflexiones les subyace un componente restrictivo que no ha sido considerado a la hora de abordar dichas influencias. Es por esto, que en el presente escrito se busca mostrar que la connotación que Arendt le asigna a la política es restrictiva, lo cual permite diferenciarla de la actividad económica y (...)
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  4. Elena Gaspar García, Sobre los usos del pretérito imperfecto de indicativo en castellano. Un análisis aspectual.
    Son numerosos los valores que se atribuyen al pretérito imperfecto en castellano, de ahí que muchas gramáticas –especialmente aquellas que están dirigidas a los estudiantes de ELE- adopten un enfoque mecanicista para reflejar los diferentes empleos de este tiempo. Partiendo de esta constatación, este trabajo se propone determinar - desde un enfoque aspectual- si es posible atribuir al pretérito imperfecto un valor único del cual se desprenden sus múltiples usos; se examina, entonces, la interacción del aspecto verbal del pretérito imperfecto (...)
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  5. Daniela Oróstegui Iribarren, Lecturas y escrituras de la memoria: narraciones de la experiencia en Walter Benjamin.
    Estas notas de ánimo ensayístico tienen como objetivo establecer relaciones entre la experiencia, la memoria y la escritura, y el rescate de esta relación que realiza la lectura. De esta manera, a través del análisis de las figuras benjaminianas del flâneur, el narrador, el coleccionista, el historiador, el alegorista, se buscará identificar a diferentes “lectores” de la modernidad, “documentalistas” que dan cuenta de las marcas de la experiencia en la memoria y de una temporalidad suspendida que actualiza presente y pasado (...)
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  6. Daniel Michaud Maturana, Estereotipos en los sitios de publicidad del turismo mapuche.
    El artículo analiza los estereotipos de la cultura mapuche en la publicidad del turismo comunitario. El objetivo es describir los mecanismos cognitivos subyacentes a las expresiones estereotipadas para tomar conciencia de ellos y sugerir una conceptualización alternativa más fiel a la realidad y al objetivo de respeto cultural con que se define el turismo comunitario. El estudio tiene en consideración la realidad social chilena y la polémica sobre la función y el efecto del turismo comunitario. El marco teórico es el (...)
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  7. Nicolás Saavedra, Sintaxis Dinámica: un modelo de procesamiento sintáctico-semántico.
    Se presentan los aspectos básicos de un modelo de procesamiento sintáctico-semántico denominado Sintaxis Dinámica. Para cumplir con este objetivo, presentamos definiciones e ilustraciones de los componentes esenciales del metalenguaje, y ejemplificamos este modelamiento dinámico presentando el proceso sintáctico completo de composición del significado de una oración simple. Finalmente, se señalan sucintamente algunas características prominentes del modelo.
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  8. Agnese Sampietro, La comprensión y producción del lenguaje figurado en la L2. Estudio de un foro virtual.
    El estudio del bilingüismo es una de las áreas más dinámicas en la investigación en psicolingüística . A pesar de la gran cantidad de estudios realizados en esta disciplina, sigue habiendo relativamente poca investigación que analice el procesamiento del lenguaje figurado. Esta misma falta de estudios se encuentra también en la glotodidáctica, puesto que la mayoría de estudios conciernen la enseñanza de idioms en inglés como lengua extranjera . Tras una revisión de los principales debates sobre el estudio del procesamiento (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Philippe Rochat, Self-Conscious Roots of Human Normativity.
    What are the roots of human normativity and when do children begin to behave according to standards and norms? Empirical observations demonstrate that we are born with built-in orientation toward what is predictable and of the same - henceforth what deviates from it -, what is the norm or the standard in the generic sense of the word. However, what develop in humans is self-consciousness, transforming norms from “should” to “ought” and making human normativity profoundly different from any other forms (...)
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  2. Zeno Van Duppen, The Phenomenology of Hypo- and Hyperreality in Psychopathology.
    Contemporary perspectives on delusions offer valuable neuropsychiatric, psychoanalytic, and philosophical explanations of the formation and persistence of delusional phenomena. However, two problems arise. Firstly, these different perspectives offer us an explanation “from the outside”. They pay little attention to the actual personal experiences, and implicitly assume their incomprehensibility. This implicates a questionable validity. Secondly, these perspectives fail to account for two complex phenomena that are inherent to certain delusions, namely double book-keeping and the primary delusional experience. The purpose of this (...)
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forthcoming articles
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    Chien-Hsing Ho, Interdependence and Nonduality: On the Linguistic Strategy of the Platform Sutra.
    This essay inquires into the linguistic strategy in the Platform Sūtra of the Sixth Patriarch that centers around thirty-six pairs of things and is said to be used for teaching the doctrine of Chan Buddhism. The strategy reflects a characteristic Chan way of thinking in the earlier phase of the tradition and thereby warrants detailed investigation. Herein, I attempt to offer a philosophical analysis and rational reconstruction of the strategy and the correlated thinking. For this purpose, I also appeal to (...)
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  1. Scott F. Aikin, So What If Horses Would Draw Horse Gods?
    Xenophanes famously noted that if horses could draw, they would draw their gods as horses. This connection between those who depict the gods and how the gods are depicted is posed as part of a critical theological program. What follows is an argumentative reconstruction of how these observations determine the extent and content of Xenophanes’ theological reforms. In light of the strength of the critical epistemic program, it is likely Xenophanes posed ambitious theological reforms.
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  2. Dirk Baltzly, Divine Immutability for Henotheists.
    Discussions of divine immutability normally take place against the backdrop of a presupposition of monotheism. This background makes some problems seem especially salient—for instance, does the notion that God is immutable have any implications for God’s relation to time? In what follows, I’ll consider the problem of divine immutability in the context of henotheistic conceptions of god. I take henotheism to be the view that, although there are a plurality of gods, all of them are in some sense dependent upon (...)
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  3. Jojo Joseph Varakukalayil, Body as Subjectivity to Ethical Signification of the Body: Revisiting Levinas’s Early Conception of the Subject.
    In Levinas’s early works, the ‘body as subjectivity’ is the focus of research bearing significant implications for his later philosophy of the body. How this is achieved becomes the thrust of this article. We analyze how the existent, through hypostasis, emerges hic et nunc, and explores further its effort to exist is effected in its relation to existence. In delineating this, we argue that the existent does not emerge from the il y a as an idealistic subject, but rather is (...)
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  1. Søren Overgaard, The Unobservability Thesis.
    The unobservability thesis states that the mental states of other people are unobservable. Both defenders and critics of UT seem to assume that UT has important implications for the mindreading debate. Roughly, the former argue that because UT is true, mindreaders need to infer the mental states of others, while the latter maintain that the falsity of UT makes mindreading inferences redundant. I argue, however, that it is unclear what ‘unobservability’ means in this context. I outline two possible lines of (...)
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  2. Peter Pagin, Tolerance and Higher-Order Vagueness.
    The idea of higher-order vagueness is usually associated with conceptions of vagueness that focus on the existence of borderline cases. What sense can be made of it within a conception of vagueness that focuses on tolerance instead? A proposal is offered here. It involves understanding ‘definitely’ not as a sentence operator but as a predicate modifier, and more precisely as an intensifier, that is, an operator that shifts the predicate extension along a scale. This idea is combined with the author’s (...)
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