New books and articles

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Dec 18th 2014 GMT
New books
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    DipEd Stan Van Hooft, MA, PhD & Stan van Hooft (eds.) (2014). The Handbook of Virtue Ethics. Routledge.
    Stan Van Hooft, MA, PhD, DipEd, Stan van Hooft. Tucker, C. J., K. A. Updegraff, S. M. McHale & A. C. Crouter 1999. “Older Siblings as Socializers of Younger Siblings' Empathy”. Journal ofEarly Adolescence 19(2): 176–98. Turvey, B. E. 2012.
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    Lamartine de Hollanda Cavalcanti Neto (2014). Eficácia do belo na educação segundo a Psicologia Tomista. Instituto Lumen Sapientiae.
    This book aims to examine the contributions that beauty (pulchrum in Latin) can offer to the educational activity, focusing on the subject from the point of view of Thomistic Psychology. For this, comes to answering some previous criterial and methodological objections to recall thereafter the main points of that psychological conception. The book presents what this conception understands as human powers, their interaction and dynamism, the role of emotions in the latter, and the processes arising from such interaction. In succession, (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Peter Lautner, Mental Images in Porphyry’s Commentary on Ptolemy’s Harmonics.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  1. Constanza Ihnen Jory, Negotiation and Deliberation: Grasping the Difference.
    Negotiation and deliberation are two context types or genres of discourse widely studied in the argumentation literature. Within the pragma-dialectical framework, they have been characterised in terms of the conventions constraining the use of argumentative discourse in each of them. Thanks to these descriptions, it has become possible to analyse the arguers’ strategic manoeuvres and carry out more systematic, context-sensitive evaluations of argumentative discussions. However, one issue that still must be addressed in the pragma-dialectical theory—and other contextual approaches to argumentation—is (...)
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    Jonathan Birch & Samir Okasha, Kin Selection and Its Critics.
    Hamilton’s theory of kin selection is the best-known framework for understanding the evolution of social behavior but has long been a source of controversy in evolutionary biology. A recent critique of the theory by Nowak, Tarnita, and Wilson sparked a new round of debate, which shows no signs of abating. In this overview, we highlight a number of conceptual issues that lie at the heart of the current debate. We begin by emphasizing that there are various alternative formulations of Hamilton’s (...)
     
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volume 42, issue ?, 2014
  1. Szymon Bogacz, Krytyka dialektycznej interpretacji filozofii Nagardżuny.
    The aim of this paper is to present two arguments against the dialectical interpretation of Nagarjuna's philosophy. This interpretation understands Nagarjuna's philosophy as a method of deconstruction, abstracting from Nagarjuna's own standpoint. The first argument refers to the metaphysical presuppositions of this method. The second argument refers to the positive statements asserted by Nagarjuna and focuses mainly on those concerning Buddhist practice. Furthermore, the conception of 'skillful means' and 'the two truths' will be discussed. The conclusion of this paper is (...)
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  2. Barbara Chyrowicz, Metodologia bioetyki.
    The issues presented in this article bear on the status of bioethics as an academic discipline and research methods employed in it. With regard to the status of bioethics, I discuss problems related to the definition of bioethics, the ways of addressing bioethical issues and the choice of the discipline within which bioethics should be developed . The presented methods of bioethics have been divided into normative and non-normative. The non-normative methods are empirical, both qualitative and quantitative, whereas normative methods (...)
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  3. Olga Dryla, Informacyjny aspekt testów genetycznych - przegląd zagadnień.
    The steady growth of the number of DNA tests offered results in the discussion on the ethical aspects of these tests becoming increasingly lively and multifaceted. This text provides an overview of selected issues concerning the characteristics, protection and quality of the information acquired as a result of carrying out DNA tests. I discuss the salient points in the debates on the possibility to justify the so-called genetic exceptionalism, and the ways of specifying the scope of the principle of confidentiality (...)
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  4. Włodzimierz Galewicz, Zdrowie jako prawo człowieka.
    The subject matter of this article is the right to health as one of the moral rights granted to all human beings. In the first part, I provide an overview of selected international documents that consider health a human right and, in the second part, I investigate the most significant commentaries on these documents. Accordingly, I attempt to bring out and arrange in an order the main ethical claims contained in these documents and commentaries, discussing such issues as the kinds (...)
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  5. Aleksandra Małgorzata Głos, Solidarność We Współczesnej Bioetyce – Klasyczne Problemy, Nowe Wyzwania.
    Solidarity is the fundamental principle of the majority of the European health care systems. According to the classical distinction, there are three kinds of solidarity: risk solidarity, age solidarity and income solidarity. The aim of this principle is to create a community based on risk sharing, mutual obligation and care, taken especially of the suffering, the troubled and the disadvantaged. The progressive privatization of health care and the individualization of risk in health insurance motivate the question about the sustainability of (...)
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  6. Maciej Juzaszek, Sprawiedliwość w opiece zdrowotnej z perspektywy różnych koncepcji liberalnego egalitaryzmu.
    This article aims at presenting to the Polish reader a number of different conceptions of justice in health care, represented by the advocates of liberal egalitarianism. The author has given an overview of the most relevant, influential and representative theories, held by the liberal egalitarians, in order to present the way in which, in a democratic state, both just health care and respect for freedom and moral equality of individuals can be provided. The following issues will be discussed: John Rawls’s (...)
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  7. Katarzyna Marchewka, Etyka w psychoterapii.
    The aim of this article is to present selected ethical issues in psychotherapy based on the most important Polish and foreign contributions to the area. In the article, the following issues will be taken into consideration: manipulation during psychotherapy, confidentiality and professional secrecy, the principle of the ideological neutrality of the therapist, ethical aspects of psychotherapy for children and adolescents, clinical supervision, and the relation between psychotherapy and law.
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  8. Piotr Grzegorz Nowak, Problemy etyczne transplantologii. Perspektywa niedoboru narządów do przeszczepu.
    The article provides a critical overview of the Polish bioethics literature concerning the shortage of organs for transplantation. Problems related to this issue bear, to a considerable degree, on the attempt to answer the question how to increase the number of organs available in ethically acceptable ways. Polish authors have focused, in this respect, on the analysis and assessment of two solutions: an opt out system of acquiring organs and a system that allows the aquisition of organs on a “free (...)
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  9. Ewa Opawska, Schellingiańskie inspiracje Heideggerowskiej kategorii “bycia”.
    In this article I examine the correlation between Schelling’s notion of nothingness and Heidegger’s concept of being. I argue that Heidegger’s concept of being, before his “turn”, has its origin in Schelling’s nothingness as it is presented in Weltalter. I identify Heidegger’s thinking as a critical continuation of Schelling’s idea limited by the Christian doctrine of God.
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  10. Kazimierz Szewczyk, Parentocentryzm Davida Heyda i epos kreacyjny.
    In the first part of my paper, drawing on the works by David Heyd, I argue that, in the choices related to procreation, an autonomous decision of the woman involved should play the key role. In the relation between a healthcare professional, on the one hand, and a pregnant patient, or a patient who intends to become pregnant, on the other – the former is ethically obliged to provide proper help in the decision-making process that should nevertheless be founded on (...)
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  11. Barbara Tuchańska, Ontologia kulturowa: Kulturowość bycia.
    Constructing a cultural ontology I reject the primordiality of everydayness, presupposed by Heidegger, in order to reveal the cultural constitution of all ways of being, from everyday life to the most unusual activities of individuals and communities. The cultural constitution of being is displayed with the help of the idea that meanings, i.e., references, senses and values , are structures of all ways of being. In the following exposition the cultural constitution of being is analyzed in its interrelations with the (...)
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  12. Tomasz Żuradzki, Nowa liberalna eugenika: krytyczny przegląd argumentów przeciwko biomedycznemu poprawianiu ludzkiej kondycji fizycznej lub umysłowej.
    The aim of this review article is to criticize popular arguments against using the biomedical technology to enhance human physical or mental capabilities. Discussing works of Habermas, Sandel and Fukuyama I will analyze three arguments of this kind that refer to: 1) autonomy; 2) life as a gift; 3) natural equilibrium. Finally I will demonstrate that the opposition to some enhancement projects may result from a characteristic cognitive error: a status quo bias.
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  13. Anna Ziółkowska-Juś, Prawda fikcji literackiej w świetle hermeneutyki Paula Ricoeura.
    In Paul Ricoeur’s hermeneutics, the truth of fiction relates to the search for answers to questions about personal identity and the meaning of life in the world lacking substantial foundations. Ricoeur’s considerations are situated between realism and constructivism. The article dicusses the consequences of the hermeneutical relationship between imaginary worlds and reality for the redefinition of such concepts , as: “truth”, “understanding”, “ethics” and “personal identity”. I attempt to answer the following questions: What is the truth of literary fiction? What (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. David Andrews, Adam Smith’s Natural Prices, the Gravitation Metaphor, and the Purposes of Nature.
    Adam Smith’s ‘natural price’ has long been interpreted as a ‘normal price’ or ‘centre of gravitation price’ based on the famous gravitation metaphor of the Wealth of Nations I.vii, natural in the sense that it is the price that would … More ›.
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  2. John Cantwell, A Commentary on Grazia Ietto-Gillies’ Paper: ‘The Theory of the Transnational Corporation at 50+’.
    Go to Grazia Ietto-Gillies’ paper here ›.
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  3. Claudio Gnesutta, If ‘Well-Being’ is the Key Concept in Political Economy….
    If ‘well-being’ is to be the key concept in political economy, then economists are placed, from a methodological viewpoint, in an uncomfortable position. A well-being approach requires consideration of several non-economic dimensions strongly interrelated with the economic process, and failure … More ›.
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  4. Grazia Ietto-Gillies, Reply to John Cantwell’s Commentary on Grazia Ietto-Gillies’ Paper: ‘The Theory of the Transnational Corporation at 50+’.
    Go to John Cantwell’s response to the original paper from here › Go to Grazia Ietto-Gillies’ original paper from here ›.
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  5. Grazia Ietto-Gillies, The Theory of the Transnational Corporation at 50+.
    The paper briefly summarises the historical evolution of transnational corporations and their activities. It then introduces the major theories developed to explain the TNC. There is an attempt to place the theories historically, within the context of the socio-economic … More ›.
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  6. Daniyal Khan, Economics as a Science, Economics as a Vocation: A Weberian Examination of Robert Heilbroner’s Philosophy of Economics.
    In an attempt to re-envision economics, the paper analyses Robert Heilbroner’s philosophy of economics through the lens of Max Weber’s philosophy of science. Specifically, Heilbroner’s position on vision, ideology and value-freedom is examined by contextualising it within a framework of … More ›.
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  7. Jorge Morales Meoqui, Reconciling Ricardo’s Comparative Advantage with Smith’s Productivity Theory.
    There are three main claims in the paper: first, there is sufficient evidence for affirming that Ricardo adhered to Smith’s productivity theory; second, Ricardo’s original demonstration of the comparative- advantage proposition is indeed compatible and complementary with respect to the … More ›.
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  8. Constantinos Repapis, J.M. Keynes, F.A. Hayek and the Common Reader.
    This paper gives an account of the debate between F.A. Hayek and J.M. Keynes in the 1930s written for the general public. The purpose of this is twofold. First, to provide the general reader with a narrative of what happened, … More ›.
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  9. Alex Rosenberg, From Rational Choice to Reflexivity: Learning From Sen, Keynes, Hayek, Soros, and Most of All, From Darwin.
    This paper identifies the major failings of mainstream economics and the rational choice theory it relies upon. These failures were identified by the four figures mentioned in the title: economics treats agents as rational fools; by the time the long … More ›.
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  10. Nicholas J. Theocarakis, A Commentary on Alessandro Roncaglia’s Paper: ‘Should the History of Economic Thought Be Included in Undergraduate Curricula?’.
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forthcoming articles
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    Holly Lawford-Smith, Unethical Consumption.
    Many of the items that humans consume are produced in ways that involve serious harms to persons. Familiar examples include the harms involved in the extraction and trade of conflict minerals (e.g. coltan, diamonds), the acquisition and import of non- fair trade produce (e.g. coffee, chocolate, bananas, rice), and the manufacture of goods in sweatshops (e.g. clothing, sporting equipment). In addition, consumption of certain goods (significantly fossil fuels and the products of the agricultural industry) involves harm to the environment, to (...)
     
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forthcoming articles
  1. Jeremy Arnold, Philosophical Anarchism and the Paradox of Politics.
    In this paper, I compare two prominent positions within contemporary “Analytic” and “Continental” political philosophy: philosophical anarchism and the paradox of politics. I compare each through an analysis of their respective criticisms of state legitimacy and the internal difficulties each position has in accounting for the legitimacy of state violence. I argue that these internal difficulties force each position to ask questions and criticize assumptions commonly found in the other position. I hope to show through this comparison that work across (...)
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  2. Sean Derek Illing, Camus and Nietzsche on Politics in an Age of Absurdity.
    This article examines the significance of Friedrich Nietzsche to Albert Camus’ concepts of absurdity and revolt. It rests on three related claims. First, that Nietzsche’s critique of metaphysics is the point of departure for Camus’ absurdist inquiries. Second, that Camus’ philosophy of revolt is informed in crucial ways by Nietzsche’s views on the sources of moral and intellectual authority in the modern world. Finally, that Camusian revolt is an attempt to deal with the political crisis of foundationalism in a way (...)
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  3. Sune Lægaard, Multiculturalism and Contextualism: How is Context Relevant for Political Theory?
    Many political theorists of multiculturalism describe their theories as “contextualist.” But it is unclear what “contextualism” means and what difference it makes for political theory. I use a specific prominent example of a multiculturalist discussion, namely Tariq Modood’s argument about “moderate secularism,” as a test case and distinguish between different senses of contextualism. I discuss whether the claim that political theory is contextual in each sense is novel and interesting, and whether contextualism is a distinct feature of political theory of (...)
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  4. Josh Milburn, The Demandingness of Nozick’s ‘Lockean’ Proviso.
    Interpreters of Robert Nozick’s political philosophy fall into two broad groups concerning his application of the ‘Lockean proviso’. Some read his argument in an undemanding way: individual instances of ownership which make people worse off than they would have been in a world without any ownership are unjust. Others read the argument in a demanding way: individual instances of ownership which make people worse off than they would have been in a world without that particular ownership are unjust. While I (...)
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  1. Haichao Li, Guoqin Ge, Lingmin Liao & Shunbin Feng, Electromagnetically Induced Transparency and Autler–Townes Splitting in a Superconducting Quantum Circuit with a Four-Level V-Type Energy Spectrum.
    We investigate electromagnetically induced transparency and Autler–Townes splitting in a superconducting quantum circuit with a four-level V-type energy spectrum constructed by two coupled superconducting charge qubits. We show that it is possible for this four-level superconducting system to exhibit multiple dips in the absorption spectrum of a probe field, with at most three dips resulting from a combination of two ATS subsystems, which indicates the breakdown of the traditional correspondence between a \\) -level system and \ dips. It is also (...)
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  1. Maria De Bie & Rudi Roose, Voluntarism and Citizenship: A Response to Lena Dominelli.
    This article responds to Dominelli’s contribution by mapping three lines of discussion. The first relates to the issue of how to understand voluntary work with regard to the realization of citizenship. The authors argue that this understanding depends on the way citizenship is conceived. Whereas a rights-based conception of citizenship focuses on issues of equal access to voluntary work, a duty-oriented notion of citizenship tends to see voluntarism as embedded in an educational strategy, alongside professionalized social work. The authors plead (...)
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  2. Mikael Lindfelt, Meaning of Life in Fragile Witnessing: On Experiencing Radical Uniqueness as Gift and Grace.
    In this comment-response Mikael Lindfelt makes some suggestions to how one could develop the argument for witnessing as experiencing meaningfulness in life as put forward by Nicole Note and Emilie Van Deale. While being positive to the main phenomenological approach, and especially the dialectical relational aspect of the phenomenological argument, Lindfelt uses Alain Badiou’s talk of Event in trying both to develop the phenomenological argument and to point out some idealistic tendencies in the line of the argument. Lindfelt suggests that (...)
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volume 47, issue 1, 2014
  1. Gerd Althoff, Differenzierung Zwischen Kirche Und Königtum Im Mittelalter. Ein Kommentar Zum Beitrag Detlef Pollacks.
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  2. Floris Bernard, Asteiotes and the Ideal of the Urbane Intellectual in the Byzantine Eleventh Century.
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  3. Guido M. Berndt, Aktionsradien Gotischer Kriegergruppen.
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  4. P. Detlef, Replik Auf Die Beiträge von Sita Steckel Und Gerd Althoff.
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  5. Richard Engl, Die Stadt Als Glied des Reiches. Kommunales Selbstverständnis der Barbarossazeit Am Beispiel Pisas.
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  6. Volker Honemann, Erziehung Zur Gerechtigkeit – Pro Erudicione Ad Iusticiam. Zu Entstehung Und Tradierung des Bildes der Hand- Und Augenlosen Iustitia Im Codex Casanatensis 1404 in Mittelalter Und Früher Neuzeit.
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  7. Z. Martin, Glasverarbeitung Im Frühmittelalterlichen Nordund Osteuropa.
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  8. Christel Meier, Respice Principium. Die Bedeutung des Anfangs Im Prophetischen Werk Hildegards von Bingen.
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  9. Katharina Ulrike Mersch, Göttlich Legitimierter Eigensinn. Gewissensfreiheit Als Option Im Umgang Mit Dem Exkommunizierten Ludwig Dem Bayern Und Dem Interdikt.
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  10. Daniel Carlo Pangerl, Der Königsschatz der Merowinger. Eine Interdisziplinäre Historisch-Archäologische Studie.
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  11. Jürgen Petersohn, Tusculum – Rom – Braunschweig. Wegmarken der Entstehungsgeschichte der Lupa Capitolina?
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  12. Detlef Pollack, Die Genese der Westlichen Moderne. Religiöse Bedingungen der Emergenz Funktionaler Differenzierung Im Mittelalter.
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  13. Elmar Seebold, Alte Runen – Neue Runen.
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  14. Sita Steckel, Differenzierung Jenseits der Moderne. Eine Debatte Zu Mittelalterlicher Religion Und Moderner Differenzierungstheorie.
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