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Aug 25th 2016 GMT
volume 1, issue 10, 2016
  1. Susana Monsó, The Moral Dimension of Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness.
    Rowlands offers a de-intellectualised account of personhood that is meant to secure the unity of a mental life. I argue that his characterisation also singles out a morally relevant feature of individuals. Along the same lines that the orthodox understanding of personhood reflects a fundamental precondition for moral agency, Rowlands’s notion provides a fundamental precondition for moral patienthood.
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  1. Ron Aboodi, One Thought Too Few: Where De Dicto Moral Motivation is Necessary.
    De dicto moral motivation is typically characterized by the agent’s conceiving of her goal in thin normative terms such as to do what is right. I argue that lacking an effective de dicto moral motivation would put the agent in a bad position for responding in the morally-best manner in a certain type of situations. Two central features of the relevant type of situations are the appropriateness of the agent’s uncertainty concerning her underived moral values, and the practical, moral importance (...)
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  1. Martin A. Vezér, Variety-of-Evidence Reasoning About the Distant Past.
    The epistemology of studies addressing questions about historical and prehistorical phenomena is a subject of increasing discussion among philosophers of science. A related field of inquiry that has yet to be connected to this topic is the epistemology of climate science. Branching these areas of research, I show how variety-of-evidence reasoning accounts for scientific inferences about the past by detailing a case study in paleoclimate reconstruction. This analysis aims to clarify the logic of historical inquiry in general and, by focusing (...)
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  1. Ian Angus, Critique of Reason and the Theory of Value: Groundwork of a Phenomenological Marxism.
    There are three steps in my description of the ground-problem of value: First, Husserl’s analysis of the crisis of reason is based on the systematic loss and phenomenological recovery of the intuitive evidence of the lifeworld. But if letter symbols are essential to formalizing abstraction, as Klein’s de-sedimentation of Vieta’s institution of modern algebra shows, then the ultimate substrates upon which formalization rests cannot be “individuals” in Husserl’s sense. The consequence of the essentiality of the letter symbols to formalization is (...)
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volume 47, issue 2, 2016
  1. Finnur Dellsén, There May Yet Be Non-Causal Explanations.
    There are many putative counterexamples to the view that all scientific explanations are causal explanations. Using a new theory of what it is to be a causal explanation, Bradford Skow has recently argued that several of the putative counterexamples fail to be non-causal. This paper defends some of the counterexamples by showing how Skow’s argument relies on an overly permissive theory of causal explanations.
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  1. Alasdair Richmond, Achilles, the Tortoise, and the Time Machine in Advance.
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  1. Amy Kind, Imagination and the Imaginary, by Kathleen Lennon.
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  1. Mariarosaria Taddeo, Philosophy and Computing in Information Societies.
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  1. Magdalena Kaufmann, Free Choice is a Form of Dependence.
    This paper refutes the widespread view that disjunctions of imperatives invariably grant free choice between the actions named by their disjuncts. Like other disjunctions they can also express a correlation with some factual distinction, but as with modalized declaratives used for non-assertive speech acts this needs to be indicated explicitly. A compositional analysis of one such indicator, depending on, constitutes the point of departure for a uniform analysis of disjunctions across clause types. Disjunctions are analyzed as sets of propositional alternatives (...)
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  1. Andreas T. Schmidt, An Unresolved Problem: Freedom Across Lifetimes.
    Freedom is one of the central values in political and moral philosophy. A number of theorists hold that freedom should either be the only or at least one of the central distribuenda in our theories of distributive justice. Moreover, many follow Mill and hold that a concern for personal freedom should guide, and limit, how paternalist public policy can be. For the most part, theorists have focussed on a person’s freedom at one specific point in time but have failed to (...)
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  2. S. Andrew Schroeder, Consequentializing and its Consequences.
    Recently, a number of philosophers have argued that we can and should “consequentialize” non-consequentialist moral theories, putting them into a consequentialist framework. I argue that these philosophers, usually treated as a group, in fact offer three separate arguments, two of which are incompatible. I show that none represent significant threats to a committed non-consequentialist, and that the literature has suffered due to a failure to distinguish these arguments. I conclude by showing that the failure of the consequentializers’ arguments has implications (...)
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  1. Evan Westra, Pragmatic Development and the False Belief Task.
    Nativists about theory of mind have typically explained why children below the age of four fail the false belief task by appealing to the demands that these tasks place on children’s developing executive abilities. However, this appeal to executive functioning cannot explain a wide range of evidence showing that social and linguistic factors also affect when children pass this task. In this paper, I present a revised nativist proposal about theory of mind development that is able to accommodate these findings, (...)
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  1. A. J. K. Pols, May Stakeholders Be Involved in Design Without Informed Consent? The Case of Hidden Design.
    Stakeholder involvement in design is desirable from both a practical and an ethical point of view. It is difficult to do well, however, and some problems recur again and again, both of a practical nature, e.g. stakeholders acting strategically rather than openly, and of an ethical nature, e.g. power imbalances unduly affecting the outcome of the process. Hidden Design has been proposed as a method to deal with the practical problems of stakeholder involvement. It aims to do so by taking (...)
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volume 22, issue 4, 2016
  1.  5
    Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Istvan S. Szilagyi & Andreas Sandner-Kiesling, Perpetuation of Retracted Publications Using the Example of the Scott S. Reuben Case: Incidences, Reasons and Possible Improvements.
    In 2009, Scott S. Reuben was convicted of fabricating data, which lead to 25 of his publications being retracted. Although it is clear that the perpetuation of retracted articles negatively effects the appraisal of evidence, the extent to which retracted literature is cited had not previously been investigated. In this study, to better understand the perpetuation of discredited research, we examine the number of citations of Reuben’s articles within 5 years of their retraction. Citations of Reuben’s retracted articles were assessed (...)
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  2.  5
    Tanuj Kanchan, Alok Atreya & Kewal Krishan, Aruna Shanbaug: Is Her Demise the End of the Road for Legislation on Euthanasia in India?
    Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug breathed her last after 42 years of being in a persistent vegetative state. Euthanasia in any form is not permitted in India and it was only in the year 2011 that a petition was filed in the court that urged the cessation of her force feeding with a nasogastric tube and the request for her peaceful death. What followed was a string of arguments and counter arguments relating to Euthanasia. The sad demise of Aruna Shanbaug is not (...)
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  3.  1
    Lisa Loikith & Robert Bauchwitz, The Essential Need for Research Misconduct Allegation Audits.
    Nearly 90 % of allegations of biomedical research misconduct in the United States are dismissed by responsible institutions without any faculty assessment or auditable record. Recently, members of the U.S. Congress have complained that the penalties for those against whom findings of research misconduct are made are too light and that too few grant funds associated with research misconduct have been recovered for use by other researchers and taxpayers. Here we discuss the laws that empower federal agencies that can oversee (...)
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  4.  6
    Olugbenga Timo Oladinrin & Christabel Man-Fong Ho, Enabling Ethical Code Embeddedness in Construction Organizations: A Review of Process Assessment Approach. [REVIEW]
    Several researchers have identified codes of ethics as tools that stimulate positive ethical behavior by shaping the organisational decision-making process, but few have considered the information needed for code implementation. Beyond being a legal and moral responsibility, ethical behavior needs to become an organisational priority, which requires an alignment process that integrates employee behavior with the organisation’s ethical standards. This paper discusses processes for the responsible implementation of CoEs based on an extensive review of the literature. The internationally recognized European (...)
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  5.  1
    Michael J. Selgelid, Gain-of-Function Research: Ethical Analysis.
    Gain-of-function research involves experimentation that aims or is expected to increase the transmissibility and/or virulence of pathogens. Such research, when conducted by responsible scientists, usually aims to improve understanding of disease causing agents, their interaction with human hosts, and/or their potential to cause pandemics. The ultimate objective of such research is to better inform public health and preparedness efforts and/or development of medical countermeasures. Despite these important potential benefits, GOF research can pose risks regarding biosecurity and biosafety. In 2014 the (...)
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  6.  4
    Logan M. Steele, James F. Johnson, Logan L. Watts, Alexandra E. MacDougall, Michael D. Mumford, Shane Connelly & T. H. Lee Williams, A Comparison of the Effects of Ethics Training on International and US Students.
    As scientific and engineering efforts become increasingly global in nature, the need to understand differences in perceptions of research ethics issues across countries and cultures is imperative. However, investigations into the connection between nationality and ethical decision-making in the sciences have largely generated mixed results. In Study 1 of this paper, a measure of biases and compensatory strategies that could influence ethical decisions was administered. Results from this study indicated that graduate students from the United States and international graduate students (...)
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  1. Deborah Eicher-Catt, Learning to Take Play Seriously: Peirce, Bateson, and Huizinga on the Sacrality of Play.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  2. Jani Kukkola & Eetu Pikkarainen, Edusemiotics of Meaningful Learning Experience: Revisiting Kant’s Pedagogical Paradox and Greimas’ Semiotic Square.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  3. Jani Kukkola & Eetu Pikkarainen, Edusemiotics of Meaningful Learning Experience: Revisiting Kant’s Pedagogical Paradox and Greimas’ Semiotic Square.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  4. Christiane Moro, Usage de l’objet, signification et émergence de la conscience à l’étape préverbale du développement: Une perspective édusémiotique.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  5. Christiane Moro, Usage de l’objet, signification et émergence de la conscience à l’étape préverbale du développement: Une perspective édusémiotique.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  6. Marianna Papastephanou, Edusemiotics and Karl-Otto Apel’s Transcendental Semiotics.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  7. Marianna Papastephanou, Edusemiotics and Karl-Otto Apel’s Transcendental Semiotics.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  8. Sebastien Pesce, Les Intuitions Édusémiotiques des Grands Pédagogues : Engagement Sémiotique, Théorie de L’Enquête Et Narrativité.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  9. Sebastien Pesce, Les intuitions édusémiotiques des grands pédagogues : Engagement sémiotique, théorie de l’enquête et narrativité.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  10. Susan Petrilli, Semiotics and Education, Semioethic Perspectives.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  11. Susan Petrilli, Semiotics and Education, Semioethic Perspectives.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  12. Farouk Y. Seif, Can Design Inquiry Advance Edusemiotics? Rethinking Factual Information and Imaginative Interpretation.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  13. Farouk Y. Seif, Can Design Inquiry Advance Edusemiotics? Rethinking Factual Information and Imaginative Interpretation.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  14. Inna Semetsky, Monstrous Hermeneutics: Learning From Diagrams.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  15. Inna Semetsky & Sergey Gavrov, Values, Edusemiotics, and Intercultural Dialogue: From Russia with Questions.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  16. Andrew Stables, Edusemiotics as Process Semiotics: Towards a New Model of Semiosis for Teaching and Learning.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  17. Andrew Stables, Edusemiotics as Process Semiotics: Towards a New Model of Semiosis for Teaching and Learning.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  1. Miloš Kosterec, On the Number of Types.
    In this paper, I investigate type theories from several perspectives. First, I present and elaborate the philosophical and technical motivations for these theories. I then offer a formal analysis of various TTs, focusing on the cardinality of the set of types contained in each. I argue that these TTs can be divided into four formal categories, which are derived from the cardinality of the set of their basic elementary types and the finiteness of the lengths of their molecular types. The (...)
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volume 37, issue 4, 2016
  1.  1
    Jennifer Prah Ruger, The Health Capability Paradigm and the Right to Health Care in the United States.
    Against a backdrop of non-ideal political and legal conditions, this article examines the health capability paradigm and how its principles can help determine what aspects of health care might legitimately constitute positive health care rights—and if indeed human rights are even the best approach to equitable health care provision. This article addresses the long American preoccupation with negative rights rather than positive rights in health care. Positive health care rights are an exception to the overall moral range and general thrust (...)
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  2.  2
    John Tasioulas & Effy Vayena, The Place of Human Rights and the Common Good in Global Health Policy.
    This article offers an integrated account of two strands of global health justice: health-related human rights and health-related common goods. After sketching a general understanding of the nature of human rights, it proceeds to explain both how individual human rights are to be individuated and the content of their associated obligations specified. With respect to both issues, the human right to health is taken as the primary illustration. It is argued that the individuation of the right to health is fixed (...)
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  1. Teresa Kouri, A New Interpretation of Carnap’s Logical Pluralism.
    Rudolf Carnap’s logical pluralism is often held to be one in which corresponding connectives in different logics have different meanings. This paper presents an alternative view of Carnap’s position, in which connectives can and do share their meaning in some contexts. This re-interpretation depends crucially on extending Carnap’s linguistic framework system to include meta-linguistic frameworks, those frameworks which we use to talk about linguistic frameworks. I provide an example that shows how this is possible, and give some textual evidence that (...)
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volume 54, issue 2-3, 2016
  1.  1
    Michael Joseph Fitzgerald †, The ‘English Rule’ in Master Anonymous’ Question 6 on the Perihermeneias: Utrum Nomina Obliqua Sint Nomina Apud Logicum.
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  2.  1
    Helen Hattab, Descartes on the Eternal Truths and Essences of Mathematics: An Alternative Reading.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 204 - 249 René Descartes is neither a Conceptualist nor a Platonist when it comes to the ontological status of the eternal truths and essences of mathematics but articulates a view derived from Proclus. There are several advantages to interpreting Descartes’ texts in light of Proclus’ view of universals and philosophy of mathematics. Key passages that, on standard readings, are in conflict are reconciled if we read Descartes as appropriating Proclus’ threefold distinction among (...)
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  3.  3
    Daniel Heider, The Notitia Intuitiva and Notitia Abstractiva of the External Senses in Second Scholasticism: Suárez, Poinsot and Francisco de Oviedo.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 173 - 203 This paper analyzes the theories of three representatives of Second Scholasticism, namely Francisco Suárez, SJ, John Poinsot, OP, and Francisco de Oviedo, SJ, on the issue of the intuitive and abstractive cognition of the external senses. Based on a comparison of their theories, linked to the historical starting point of the debate in the first decades of the fourteenth century, the paper argues that the doctrinal and argumentative matrix of these (...)
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  4.  1
    Magali Roques, William of Ockham’s Ontology of Arithmetic.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 146 - 165 Ockham’s ontology of arithmetic, specifically his position on the ontological status of natural numbers, has not yet attracted the attention of scholars. Yet it occupies a central role in his nominalism; specifically, Ockham’s position on numbers constitutes a third part of his ontological reductionism, alongside his doctrines of universals and the categories, which have long been recognized to constitute the first two parts. That is, the first part of this program (...)
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  5. Shalom Sadik, Eckhart, Lost in Translation_: La Traduction de _Sh-H-R Par Yehuda Alharizi Et Ses Implications Philosophiques.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 2-3, pp 125 - 145 Maimonides’s _Guide for the Perplexed_ had a significant influence on both Jewish and Christian philosophy, although the vast majority of Jewish and Christian readers in the Middle Ages could not read the original Judeo-Arabic text. Instead, they had access to the text through Hebrew and Latin translations. The article focuses on words derived from the root _sh-h-r_ in the original text of Maimonides, first on the understanding of Maimonides himself, where (...)
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