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Sep 21st 2014 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Ben Bronner, Maps and Absent Symbols.
    Maps and Absent Symbols. . ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/00048402.2014.948463.
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forthcoming articles
  1. Emily R. Grosholz, Carlo Cellucci. Rethinking Logic: Logic in Relation to Mathematics, Evolution and Method. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013. ISBN: 978-94-007-6090-5 (Hbk); 978-94-007-6091-2 (E-Book). Pp. Xv + 389. [REVIEW]
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  2. Oran Magal, Wilfried Sieg. Hilbert's Programs and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-19-537222-9 (Hbk); 978-0-19-970715-7 (E-Book). Pp. Xii + 439. [REVIEW]
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  3. Wilfried Sieg & Dirk Schlimm, Dedekind's Abstract Concepts: Models and Mappings.
    Dedekind's mathematical work is integral to the transformation of mathematics in the nineteenth century and crucial for the emergence of structuralist mathematics in the twentieth century. We investigate the essential components of what Emmy Noether called, his ‘axiomatic standpoint’: abstract concepts (for systems of mathematical objects), models (systems satisfying such concepts), and mappings (connecting models in a structure-preserving way).
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Sep 20th 2014 GMT
New books
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Luna Dolezal & Danielle Petherbridge (eds.) (forthcoming). Body/Self/Others: The Phenomenology of Social Encounters. SUNY Press.
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    Donald A. Landes (2013). Merleau-Ponty and the Paradoxes of Expression. Bloomsbury.
    Merleau-Ponty and the Paradoxes of Expression offers a comprehensive reading of the philosophical work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, a central figure in 20th-century continental philosophy. -/- By establishing that the paradoxical logic of expression is Merleau-Ponty's fundamental philosophical gesture, this book ties together his diverse work on perception, language, aesthetics, politics and history in order to establish the ontological position he was developing at the time of his sudden death in 1961. Donald A. Landes explores the paradoxical logic of expression as (...)
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    Donald A. Landes (2013). The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary. Bloomsbury.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty (1908-1961) is one of the central figures of 20th-century Continental philosophy, and his work has been hugely influential in a wide range of fields. His writings engage in the study of perception, language, politics, aesthetics, history and ontology, and represent a rich and complex network of exciting ideas. -/- The Merleau-Ponty Dictionary provides the reader and student of Merleau-Ponty with all the tools necessary to engage with this key thinker: a comprehensive A to Z that provides summaries of (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Paul Dicken, The Primitivist Theory of Truth, by Jamin Asay. [REVIEW]
    The Primitivist Theory of Truth, by Jamin Asay. . ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/00048402.2014.912668.
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volume 15, issue 1, 2014
  1. Nancy J. Burke, Rethinking the Therapeutic Misconception: Social Justice, Patient Advocacy, and Cancer Clinical Trial Recruitment in the US Safety Net.
    Approximately 20% of adult cancer patients are eligible to participate in a clinical trial, but only 2.5-9% do so. Accrual is even less for minority and medically underserved populations. As a result, critical life-saving treatments and quality of life services developed from research studies may not address their needs. This study questions the utility of the bioethical concern with therapeutic misconception (TM), a misconception that occurs when research subjects fail to distinguish between clinical research and ordinary treatment, and therefore attribute (...)
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volume 38, issue 7, 2014
  1. Janneke Wijnbergen‐Huitink, Shira Elqayam & David E. Over, The Probability of Iterated Conditionals.
    Iterated conditionals of the form If p, then if q, r are an important topic in philosophical logic. In recent years, psychologists have gained much knowledge about how people understand simple conditionals, but there are virtually no published psychological studies of iterated conditionals. This paper presents experimental evidence from a study comparing the iterated form, If p, then if q, r with the “imported,” noniterated form, If p and q, then r, using a probability evaluation task and a truth-table task, (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Paul M. Pietroski, Framing Event Variables.
    Davidsonian analyses of action reports like ‘Alvin chased Theodore around a tree’ are often viewed as supporting the hypothesis that sentences of a human language H have truth conditions that can be specified by a Tarski-style theory of truth for H. But in my view, simple cases of adverbial modification add to the reasons for rejecting this hypothesis, even though Davidson rightly diagnosed many implications involving adverbs as cases of conjunct-reduction in the scope of an existential quantifier. I think the (...)
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volume 22, issue 1, 2014
  1. Jiewon Baek, The Ethics of Uncovering Something Else in Histoire(s) du Cinema.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is the essay's opening paragraph: Marguerite Duras prefaces the second edition of Le navire night , from which an excerpt is cited above, by explaining that after writing the story of a man named J.M., everything came too late, including the realization of the film version of Le navire night. Once the event has been written and the common night of history been closed up, did she have the right to flash a light into (...)
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  2. George Ciccariello-Maher, 'So Much the Worse for the Whites': Dialectics of the Haitian Revolution.
    This article sets out from an analysis of the pioneering work of Susan Buck-Morss to rethink, not only Hegel and Haiti, but broader questions surrounding dialectics and the universal brought to light by the Haitian Revolution. Reading through the lens of C.L.R. James’ The Black Jacobins , I seek to correct a series of ironic silences in her account, re-centering the importance of Toussaint’s successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and underlining the dialectical importance of identitarian struggles in forging the universal. Finally, I (...)
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  3. Douglas Ficek, Review Essay: Dwayne Tunstall, Doing Philosophy Personally: Thinking About Metaphysics, Theism, and Antiblack Racism (New York: Fordham University Press, 2013).
    Review essay on Tunstall, Doing Philosophy Personally.
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  4. Joshua Maloy Hall, Self-Mimetic Curved Silvering: Dancing with Irigaray.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is the opening paragraph of the essay: One of Luce Irigaray’s many important contributions to philosophy consists in invoking dance more frequently than any other canonical Western philosopher. Unfortunately, however, her treatment of dance has rarely been treated substantively in the secondary literature, especially in regard to her most influential commentators, including Judith Butler, Elizabeth Grosz, and Margaret Whitford. Accordingly, I will begin my first section by situating the theme of dance in Irigaray’s work (...)
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  5. Max Hantel, Toward a Sexual Difference Theory of Creolization.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is the opening paragraph from the essay: Throughout his work, Édouard Glissant rigorously describes the process of creolization in the Caribbean and beyond. His later work in particular considers creolization through the planetary terms of Relation, “exploded like a network inscribed within the sufficient totality of the world.” As his philosophical importance rightfully grows, many note the dual risk of overgeneralization and abstraction haunting continued expansion of his geographical and theoretical domain. In light of (...)
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  6. Messay Kebede, From Perception to Subject: The Bergsonian Reversal.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is the opening paragraph to the essay: What singles out philosophical analyses of perception is the challenge to common sense, that is, to the spontaneous, instinctive belief that an external world exists and that it is similar to the perception we have of it. Even those theories that refrain from questioning the independent existence of the world concede that the resemblance of whatever is out there to the perceived reality is anything but assured. Henri (...)
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  7. Sokthan Yeng, Irigaray's Alternative Buddhist Practices of the Self.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is the opening paragraph of the essay: Luce Irigaray’s critics charge that her attempt to carve out a space for nature and the feminine self through an engagement with Buddhism smacks of Orientalism. Associating Buddhism with a philosophy of nature can lead to feminizing and exoticizing the non-Western other. Because she relies more on lessons learned from yogic teachers than Buddhist texts or scholarship, her work seems to be an appropriation of Buddhist ideas and (...)
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volume 95, issue 3, 2014
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    Jamin Asay & Sam Baron, The Hard Road to Presentism.
    It is a common criticism of presentism – the view according to which only the present exists – that it errs against truthmaker theory. Recent attempts to resolve the truthmaker objection against presentism proceed by restricting truthmaker maximalism (the view that all truths have truthmakers), maintaining that propositions concerning the past are not made true by anything, but are true nonetheless. Support for this view is typically garnered from the case for negative existential propositions, which some philosophers contend are exceptions (...)
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volume 27, issue 3, 2014
  1. Nicola Angius, Computational Idealizations in Software Intensive Science: A Comment on Symons' and Horner's Paper.
    This commentary on John Symons’ and Jack Horner’s paper, besides sharing its main argument, challenges the authors’ statement that there is no effective method to evaluate software-intensive systems as a distinguishing feature of software intensive science. It is underlined here how analogous methodological limitations characterise the evaluations of empirical systems in non-software intensive sciences. The authors’ claim that formal methods establish the correctness of computational models rather than of the represented programme is here compared with the empirical adequacy problem typifying (...)
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  2. Nicola Angius, The Problem of Justification of Empirical Hypotheses in Software Testing.
    This paper takes part in the methodological debate concerning the nature and the justification of hypotheses about computational systems in software engineering by providing an epistemological analysis of Software Testing, the practice of observing the programs’ executions to examine whether they fulfil software requirements. Property specifications articulating such requirements are shown to involve falsifiable hypotheses about software systems that are evaluated by means of tests which are likely to falsify those hypotheses. Software Reliability metrics, used to measure the growth of (...)
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  3. Liesbeth De Mol & Giuseppe Primiero, Facing Computing as Technique: Towards a History and Philosophy of Computing.
    We present the methodological principles underlying the scientific activities of the DHST Commission on the History and Philosophy of Computing. This volume collects refereed selected papers from the First International Conference organized by the Commission.
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  4. Joe Dewhurst, Mechanistic Miscomputation: A Reply to Fresco and Primiero.
    Fresco and Primiero’s recent article, ‘Miscomputation’ (Philosophy & Technology online first, doi:10.1007/s13347-013-0112-0), provides a useful framework with which to think about miscomputation, as well as an admirably broad taxonomy of different kinds of miscomputation. However, it also misconstrues the mechanistic approach to miscomputation, which I will argue should not recognise design errors as miscomputations per se. I argue that a computing mechanism, if it is functioning correctly in the physical sense, cannot miscompute on the basis of an error made by (...)
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  5. Luciano Floridi, The Latent Nature of Global Information Warfare.
    Information has always been at the core of conflicts. When Napoleon planned to invade Italy, he duly upgraded the first telegraph network in the world, the French “semaphore”. He famously remarked that “an army marches on its stomach,” but he also knew that the same army acted on information. As Von Clausewitz once stated “by the word ‘information’ we denote all the knowledge which we have of the enemy and his country; therefore, in fact, the foundation of all our ideas (...)
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  6. Federico Gobbo & Marco Benini, The Minimal Levels of Abstraction in the History of Modern Computing.
    From the advent of general purpose, Turing-complete machines, the relation between operators, programmers and users with computers can be observed as interconnected informational organisms (inforgs), henceforth analysed with the method of levels of abstraction (LoAs), risen within the philosophy of information (PI). In this paper, the epistemological levellism proposed by L. Floridi in the PI to deal with LoAs will be formalised in constructive terms using category theory, so that information itself is treated as structure-preserving functions instead of Cartesian products. (...)
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  7. Eric Hatleback & Jonathan M. Spring, Exploring a Mechanistic Approach to Experimentation in Computing.
    The mechanistic approach in philosophy of science contributes to our understanding of experimental design. Applying the mechanistic approach to experimentation in computing is beneficial for two reasons. It connects the methodology of experimentation in computing with the methodology of experimentation in established sciences, thereby strengthening the scientific reputability of computing and the quality of experimental design therein. Furthermore, it pinpoints the idiosyncrasies of experimentation in computing: computing deals closely with both natural and engineered mechanisms. Better understanding of the idiosyncrasies, which (...)
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  8. Jack Horner & John Symons, Reply to Angius and Primiero on Software Intensive Science.
    This paper provides a reply to articles by Nicola Angius and Guiseppe Primiero responding to our paper “Software Intensive Science” (Symons and Horner, Philosophy and Technology, 2014).
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  9. Sybille Krämer, Mathematizing Power, Formalization, and the Diagrammatical Mind Or: What Does “Computation” Mean? [REVIEW]
    Computation and formalization are not modalities of pure abstractive operations. The essay tries to revise the assumption of the constitutive nonsensuality of the formal. The argument is that formalization is a kind of linear spatialization, which has significant visual dimensions. Thus, a connection can be discovered between visualization by figurative graphism and formalization by symbolic calculations: Both use spatial relations not only to represent but also to operate on epistemic, nonspatial, nonvisual entities. Descartes was one of the pioneers of using (...)
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  10. Giuseppe Primiero, On the Ontology of the Computing Process and the Epistemology of the Computed.
    Software-intensive science (SIS) challenges in many ways our current scientific methods. This affects significantly our notion of science and scientific interpretation of the world, driving at the same time the philosophical debate. We consider some issues prompted by SIS in the light of the philosophical categories of ontology and epistemology.
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  11. Viola Schiaffonati & Mario Verdicchio, Computing and Experiments.
    The question about the scientific nature of computing has been widely debated with no universal consensus reached about its disciplinary status. Positions vary from acknowledging computing as the science of computers to defining it as a synthetic engineering discipline. In this paper, we aim at discussing the nature of computing from a methodological perspective. We consider, in particular, the nature and role of experiments in this field, whether they can be considered close to the traditional experimental scientific method or, instead, (...)
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  12. John Symons & Jack Horner, Software Intensive Science.
    This paper argues that the difference between contemporary software intensive scientific practice and more traditional non-software intensive varieties results from the characteristically high conditionality of software. We explain why the path complexity of programs with high conditionality imposes limits on standard error correction techniques and why this matters. While it is possible, in general, to characterize the error distribution in inquiry that does not involve high conditionality, we cannot characterize the error distribution in inquiry that depends on software. Software intensive (...)
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  13. Raymond Turner, Programming Languages as Technical Artifacts.
    Taken at face value, a programming language is defined by a formal grammar. But, clearly, there is more to it. By themselves, the naked strings of the language do not determine when a program is correct relative to some specification. For this, the constructs of the language must be given some semantic content. Moreover, to be employed to generate physical computations, a programming language must have a physical implementation. How are we to conceptualize this complex package? Ontologically, what kind of (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Pascal Michon, Que penser et que faire des nouveaux rythmes de nos vies ?
    Ce texte sera présenté au colloque de l'Association des Conseillers d'orientation-Psychologues–France, « Temporalité, rythme et contretemps de l'orientation », le 24 septembre 2014, à Strasbourg. La littérature scientifique contemporaine concernant les nouveaux rythmes de nos vies est extrêmement diverse. Je vais donc me contenter d'y lancer quelques coups de sonde, qui, je l'espère, me permettront d'en tirer quelques conclusions pratiques. Vitesse et accélération La vitesse a été l'une des obsessions (...) - Pour une éthique et une politique du rythme – (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Thomas N. P. A. Brouwer, A Paradox of Rejection.
    Given any proposition, is it possible to have rationally acceptable attitudes towards it? Absent reasons to the contrary, one would probably think that this should be possible. In this paper I provide a reason to the contrary. There is a proposition such that, if one has any opinions about it at all, one will have a rationally unacceptable set of propositional attitudes—or if one doesn’t, one will end up being cognitively imperfect in some other manner. The proposition I am concerned (...)
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