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Apr 19th 2015 GMT
volume 5, issue , 2014
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    Benjamin D. Young, Smelling Phenomenal.
    Qualitative-consciousness arises at the sensory level of olfactory processing and pervades our experience of smells to the extent that qualitative character is maintained whenever we are aware of undergoing an olfactory experience. Building upon the distinction between Access and Phenomenal Consciousness the paper offers a nuanced distinction between Awareness and Qualitative-consciousness that is applicable to olfaction in a manner that is conceptual precise and empirically viable. Mounting empirical research is offered substantiating the applicability of the distinction to olfaction and showing (...)
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  1. Kristoffer Ahlstrom-Vij, Against the Bifurcation of Virtue.
    It has become customary in the virtue epistemological literature to distinguish between responsibilist and reliabilist virtue theories. More recently, certain problems affecting the former have prompted epistemologists to suggest that this distinction in virtue theory maps on to a distinction in virtue, specifically between character and faculty virtue. I argue that we lack good reason to bifurcate virtue in this manner, and that this moreover counts in favor of the virtue reliabilist.
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  2. Patrik Fridlund, Gudomligt Kaos Och Mänsklig Ordning : Om Filosofi, Litteratur Och Teologi.
    It can be said that literary texts do not have any obligation to reality, and that literature destabilises our relation to normal use of words and to established perspectives. Literature is in relation with something that cannot be explained or conceptualised. In this respect literature is close to religion. Literature invites us to believe in something that is unreal and beyond ordinary life. In literature we are confronted with something different and hence ordinary meaning of words, normal understandings and every (...)
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  3. Katie Siobhan Steele, Choice Models.
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  4. Katie Siobhan Steele & Charlotte Werndl, Model Tuning in Engineering: Uncovering the Logic.
    In engineering, as in other scientific fields, researchers seek to confirm their models with real-world data. It is common practice to assess models in terms of the distance between the model outputs and the corresponding experimental observations. An important question that arises is whether the model should then be ‘tuned’, in the sense of estimating the values of free parameters to get a better fit with the data, and furthermore whether the tuned model can be confirmed with the same data (...)
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  5. Harry van der Linden, Drone Warfare and Just War Theory.
    This book chapter addresses two questions. First, can targeted killing by drones in non-battlefield zones be justified on basis of just war theory? Second, will the proliferation and expansion of combat drones in warfare, including the introduction of autonomous drones, be an obstacle to initiating or executing wars in a just manner in the future? The first question is answered by applying traditional jus ad bellum and jus in bello principles to the American targeted killing campaign in Pakistan; the second (...)
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Apr 18th 2015 GMT
New books
  1. Robert Arp & Benjamin W. McCraw (eds.) (2015). Philosophical Approaches to the Devil. Routledge.
    This collection brings together new papers addressing the philosophical challenges that the concept of a Devil presents, bringing philosophical rigor to treatments of the Devil. Contributors approach the idea of the Devil from a variety of philosophical traditions, methodologies, and styles, providing a comprehensive philosophical overview that contemplates the existence, nature, and purpose of the Devil. While some papers take a classical approach to the Devil, drawing on biblical exegesis, other contributors approach the topic of the Devil from epistemological, metaphysical, (...)
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volume 16, issue 1, 2015
  1. Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen, Ethics Reflection Groups in Community Health Services: An Evaluation Study.
    Systematic ethics support in community health services in Norway is in the initial phase. There are few evaluation studies about the significance of ethics reflection on care. The aim of this study was to evaluate systematic ethics reflection in groups in community health , - from the perspectives of employees participating in the groups, the group facilitators and the service managers. The reflection groups were implemented as part of a research and development project.
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forthcoming articles
  1. Ciencia Cognitiva, ¿Tenemos un cerebro preparado para realizar predicciones? Evidencia desde una tarea de detección.
    Javier Ortiz-Tudela y Juan Lupiáñez Centro de Investigación Mente, Cerebro y Comportamiento, Universidad de Granada, España Si pensamos en la … Read More →.
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volume 2, issue , 2015
  1. John Kulvicki, Maps, Pictures, and Predication.
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  2. Samuel Schindler, Scientific Discovery: That-Whats and What-Thats.
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  3. Steven J. van Enk, Betting, Risk, and the Law of Likelihood.
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volume 22, issue 2, 2014
  1. Thomas Crowther, Omniversal Liberty.
    ‘Liberty’, as a word, is thrown about contemporary society as casually as a ball is on a summer’s day, and yet, does anyone have a grasp on what it is? If it is freedom from limitation, then liberty must represent nothing less than consciousness without restraint. But though this straightforward definition implies its acquisition to be equally straightforward, the full spectrum of liberty would certainly prove to be one of the most elusive concepts imaginable. As a result, what we have, (...)
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  2. Beth Eddy, Learning to Understand Others: The Pragmatic Rhetoric of Ethnography and Religious Ethics in Clifford Geertz’s Works and Lives.
    This article examines literature from cultural anthropology for insights into ethics. It particularly addresses the moral issue of justly understanding those people different from oneself. Clifford Geertz, pragmatist as well as anthropologist, draws upon the rhetorical theory of Kenneth Burke in his 1988 book Works and Lives. Just this sort of cross-disciplinary borrowing offers resources for understanding what were once religiously-based ethics in a humanistic context. The rhetorical style of various cultural anthropologists serves to inform the rhetorical forms of appeal (...)
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  3. Sharon M. Kaye, Evolution and Existentialism.
    Many philosophers embrace both evolution and existentialism as though these two views provide a mutually supportive foundation for atheism. The story goes that evolution tells us life is meaningless while existentialism tells us what to do about it. In this paper, I aim to debunk this story. I begin by explaining the existentialist quest for the meaning of life. Then I explain why it is inconsistent with the principles of evolution. In the end, I argue that the quest for the (...)
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  4. Philip Kitcher, Values for Humanists.
    As we make up our ideal for our own life and in pursuing it, we must not impinge upon the like freedom of other people. But that’s not enough for life. I suggest that the idea of the responsiveness to others lying at the heart of the ethical project also lies at the heart of the idea of the valuable life. The valuable life is the one that makes a difference to others. Lives that matter are those that touch the (...)
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  5. Nicolò Scalzo, Atheist Jesus: A Revolution of Paradigms.
    This article examines Jesus of Nazareth through the lens of a theory that challenges the weak points of the two paradigms that dominate the current historical research in this field, while more effectively explaining traits ascribed to the figure of Jesus revealing an incredible humanistic profile. Anthropology, psychology and sociology will contribute in a very important way to the analyses developed in this article. The strength of the logic based on evidence would have prevailed on propositions which were not demonstrated, (...)
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  6. Daniel Spiro, Santayana and His "Hero.
    The philosophy of George Santayana is best considered as a complement to that of Spinoza, to whom Santayana once referred as his “hero.” Like Spinoza, Santayana refused to accept any God steeped in revelation or mythology, yet he appreciated Spinoza’s wisdom in reclaiming the name of God non-anthropomorphically. For Santayana, God symbolizes a single “omnificent” natural power that transcends human understanding. Santayana went beyond his hero by striving to love not merely the real but also the ideal. We should view (...)
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  7. Eric Thomas Weber, Converging on Culture: Rorty, Rawls, and Dewey on Culture’s Role in Justice.
    In this essay, I review the writings of three philosophers whose work converges on the insight that we must attend to and reconstruct culture for the sake of justice. John Rawls, John Dewey, and Richard Rorty help show some of the ways in which culture can enable or undermine the pursuit of justice. They also offer resources for identifying tools for addressing the cultural challenges impeding justice. I reveal insights and challenges in Rawls’s philosophy as well as tools and solutions (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Mariano Croce, From Gay Liberation to Marriage Equality: A Political Lesson to Be Learnt.
    This article deals with the issue of resignification to advance a hypothesis on the way in which social practices are transformed with recourse to the language of institutions. It first discusses the transition from gay liberation to same-sex marriage equality by exploring the trajectory of homosexuals’ rights claims. The article continues by providing a theoretical interpretation of what brought this shift about, that is, what the author calls a movement ‘from the street to the court’: in both civil law and (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Eleni Panagiotarakou, Leo Strauss and Aristophanes in Advance.
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forthcoming articles
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    Michael Caie, Credence In the Image of Chance.
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forthcoming articles
  1. William Butchard & Robert D’Amico, Alone Together Why “Incentivization” Fails as an Account of Institutional Facts.
    In two articles, Smits, Buekens, and du Plessis have argued that John Searle’s account of institutional facts suffers serious flaws and should be replaced with a reductive account they call “incentivization.” We argue against their view in two ways. First, the specific flaws they find in Searle are based on misunderstandings. Second, “incentivization,” as they present it, fails as a reduction of strict collective actions and, thus, cannot account for institutional facts such as money or property.
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forthcoming articles
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    Scott Stapleford, Epistemic Value Monism and the Swamping Problem.
    Many deontologists explain the epistemic value of justification in terms of its instrumental role in promoting truth—the original source of value in the epistemic domain. The swamping problem for truth monism appears to make this position indefensible, at least for those monists who maintain the superiority of knowledge to merely true belief. I propose a new solution to the swamping problem that allows monists to maintain the greater epistemic value of knowledge over merely true belief. My trick is to deny (...)
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Manuscripts
  1. J. Fernandez, Précis of Transparent Minds.
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  1. Iep Author, Reid, Thomas : Philosophy of Mind.
    Thomas Reid: Philosophy of Mind This article focuses on the philosophy of mind of Thomas Reid , as presented in An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense and Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man . Reid’s action theory and his views on what makes humans morally worthy agents, … Continue reading Reid, Thomas : Philosophy of Mind →.
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    Joseph Raz, The Guise of the Bad.
    My remarks will focus primarily on the connection between the thesis of the Guise of the Good, and actions under the Guise of the Bad. I distinguish and discuss separately two versions of the Guise of the Bad thesis. The normative version claims that it is possible to perform an action that one believes to be bad (to have bad-making features) and for the reason that it is, as the agent believes, bad. The motive version claims that an agent can, (...)
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Chapters, other
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    K. Brad Wray (2015). History of Epistemic Communities and Collaborative Research. In James D. Wright (ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, second edition, Vol. 7. Elsevier. 867-872.
    Studies of epistemic communities and collaborative research in the social sciences have deepened the understanding of how science works, and more specifically how the social dimensions of scientific practice both enable and impede social scientists in realizing their epistemic goals. Two types of studies of epistemic communities are distinguished: general theories of epistemic communities aim to construct accounts of theoretical change applicable to all social scientific specialties, whereas historical studies emphasize the contingencies that affect specific social scientific disciplines, subfields, or (...)
     
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    Michael Caie (2014). Metasemantics and Metaphysical Indeterminacy. In Alexis Burgess & Brett Sherman (eds.), Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning. OUP.
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Apr 17th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Daniel O. Dahlstrom, Andreas Elpidorou & Walter Hopp (eds.) (2015). Philosophy of Mind and Phenomenology: Conceptual and Empirical Approaches. Routledge.
    This volume identifies and develops how philosophy of mind and phenomenology interact in both conceptual and empirically-informed ways. The objective is to demonstrate that phenomenology, as the first-personal study of the contents and structures of our mentality, can provide us with insights into the understanding of the mind and can complement strictly analytical or empirically informed approaches to the study of the mind. Insofar as phenomenology, as the study or science of phenomena, allows the mind to appear, this collection shows (...)
     
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    Nöel Carroll & John Gibson (eds.) (2015). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Literature. Routledge.
     
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    Adam Green & Eleonore Stump (eds.) (2016). Hidden Divinity and Religious Belief: New Perspectives. Cambridge.
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    Duncan Pritchard (ed.) (2016). What is This Thing Called Philosophy? Routledge.
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  5. Zed Adams (2015). On the Genealogy of Color: A Case Study in Historicized Conceptual Analysis. Routledge.
    In On the Genealogy of Color , Zed Adams challenges widely held philosophical views about the nature of color, exploring the relevance of the history of color science for contemporary debates in color realism/anti-realism and philosophy of mind. Adams argues that the two sides of the contemporary debate on the problem of color realism, Cartesian anti-realism and Oxford realism, are both predicated on an assumption that the concept of color perception is ahistorical and unrevisable. Adams takes issue with this premise (...)
     
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  6. Jeffery A. Bell, Andrew Cutrofello & Paul M. Livingston (eds.) (2015). Beyond the Analytic-Continental Divide: Pluralist Philosophy in the Twenty-First Century. Routledge.
    This forward-thinking collection presents new work that looks beyond the division between the analytic and continental philosophical traditions—one that has long caused dissension, mutual distrust, and institutional barriers to the development of common concerns and problems. Rather than rehearsing the causes of the divide, contributors draw upon the problems, methods, and results of both traditions to show what post-divide philosophical work looks like in practice. Ranging from metaphysics and philosophy of mind to political philosophy and ethics, the papers gathered here (...)
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  7. Jason F. Brennan & Peter Jaworski (2015). Markets Without Limits: Moral Virtues and Commercial Interests. Routledge.
    May you sell your vote? May you sell your kidney? May gay men pay surrogates to bear them children? May spouses pay each other to watch the kids, do the dishes, or have sex? Should we allow the rich to genetically engineer gifted, beautiful children? Should we allow betting markets on terrorist attacks and natural disasters? Most people shudder at the thought. To put some goods and services for sale offends human dignity. If everything is commodified , then nothing is (...)
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  8. Thiemo Breyer & Christopher Gutland (eds.) (2015). Phenomenology of Thinking: Philosophical Investigations Into the Character of Cognitive Experiences. Routledge.
    This book draws connections between recent advances in analytic philosophy of mind and insights from the rich phenomenological tradition concerning the nature of thinking. By combining both analytic and continental approaches, the volume arrives at a more comprehensive understanding of the mental process of "thinking" and the experience and manipulation of objects of thought. Contributors scrutinize aspects of thinking that have a common grounding in both the phenomenological and analytic tradition: perception, language, logic, embodiment and situatedness due to individual history (...)
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  9. Otavio Bueno & Scott Shalkowski (2016). Modal Epistemology. Routledge.
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  10. Emily Carson & Lisa Shabel (eds.) (2015). Kant: Studies on Mathematics in the Critical Philosophy. Routledge.
    There is a long tradition, in the history and philosophy of science, of studying Kant’s philosophy of mathematics, but recently philosophers have begun to examine the way in which Kant’s reflections on mathematics play a role in his philosophy more generally, and in its development. For example, in the Critique of Pure Reason , Kant outlines the method of philosophy in general by contrasting it with the method of mathematics; in the Critique of Practical Reason , Kant compares the Formula (...)
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  11. Frances Chiu (2016). The Routledge Guidebook to Paine's Rights of Man. Routledge.
    On publication in 1791-92, the two parts of Paine’s Rights of Man proved to be both wildly popular and extremely controversial. It was one of the earliest political texts to question hereditary government, it advocated democratic principles, and introduced a blueprint for the modern welfare state. As a result the book was both an instant bestseller and led to Paine’s trial, in his absence, for seditious libel. The Routledge Guidebook to Paine’s Rights of Man provides a complete introduction to this (...)
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  12. Andrew Chignell (2016). What May I Hope? Routledge.
    The concept of hope plays a fascinating yet overlooked role in Kant's thought. Whilst his emphasis on reason and enlightened thought may be seen to leave little room for hope, it is a question that sits at the heart of his writings on religion and political philosophy. What May I Hope? introduces and assesses Kant's answers to this compelling question and also places hope in a contemporary philosophical context. Andrew Chignell begins by introducing accounts of hope before Kant, including those (...)
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  13. Diarmuid Costello (2016). On Photography. Routledge.
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  14. Elizabeth Cripps (). Global Environment. Routledge.
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  15. Benjamin Crowe (ed.) (2015). The Nineteenth Century Philosophy Reader. Routledge.
    The Nineteenth century was one of the most remarkable periods in the history of philosophy and a period of great intellectual, social and scientific change. Challenging philosophical thought of earlier centuries, it caused shock waves that lasted well into the twentieth century. The Nineteenth Century Philosophy Reader is an outstanding anthology of the great philosophical texts of the period and the first of its kind for many years. In presenting many of the major ideas expounded by philosophers of the nineteenth (...)
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  16. Angela Curran (2015). Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle and the Poetics. Routledge.
    Aristotle’s Poetics is the first philosophical account of an art form and is the foundational text in the history of aesthetics. The Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle and the Poetics is an accessible guide to this often dense and cryptic work. Angela Curran introduces and assesses: Aristotle’s life and the background to the Poetics the ideas and text of the Poetics , including mimēsis ; poetic technē; the definition of tragedy; the elements of poetic composition; the Poetics’ recommendations for tragic (...)
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  17. Jason T. Eberl (2015). The Routledge Guidebook to Aquinas‘ Summa Theologiae. Routledge.
    The Routledge Guidebook to Aquinas‘ Summa Theologiae introduces readers to a work which represents the pinnacle of medieval Western scholarship and which has inspired numerous commentaries, imitators, and opposing views. Outlining the main arguments Aquinas utilizes to support his conclusions on various philosophical questions, this clear and comprehensive guide explores: The historical context in which Aquinas wrote A critical discussion of the topics outlined in the text including theology, metaphysics, epistemology, psychology, ethics, and political theory. The ongoing influence of Summa (...)
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