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May 25th 2015 GMT
volume 45, issue , 2015
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    Alberto Giubilini, Don't Mind the Gap: Intuitions, Emotions, and Reasons in the Enhancement Debate.
    Reliance on intuitive and emotive responses is widespread across many areas of bioethics, and the current debate on biotechnological human enhancement is particularly interesting in this respect. A strand of “bioconservatives” that has explicitly drawn connections to the modern conservative tradition, dating back to Edmund Burke, appeals explicitly to the alleged wisdom of our intuitions and emotions to ground opposition to some biotechnologies or their uses. So-called bioliberals, those who in principle do not oppose human bioenhancement, tend to rely on (...)
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volume 28, issue 2, 2015
  1. Christopher J. Austin, Is Dispositional Causation Just Mutual Manifestation?
    Dispositional properties are often referred to as ‘causal powers’, but what does dispositional causation amount to? Any viable theory must account for two fundamental aspects of the metaphysics of causation – the causal complexity and context sensitivity of causal interactions. The theory of mutual manifestations attempts to do so by locating the complexity and context sensitivity within the nature of dispositions themselves. But is this theory an acceptable first step towards a viable theory of dispositional causation? This paper argues that (...)
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May 24th 2015 GMT
volume 16, issue 1, 2015
  1. A. J. Brüggemann, Katarina Swahnberg & Barbro Wijma, A First Online Intervention to Increase Patients’ Perceived Ability to Act in Situations of Abuse in Health Care: Reports of a Swedish Pre-Post Study.
    Efforts to counteract abuse in health care, defined as patient-experienced abuse, have mainly focused on interventions among caregivers. This study is the first to test an online intervention focusing on how patients can counteract such abuse. The intervention aimed at increasing patients’ intention and perceived ability to act in future situations where they risk experiencing abuse.
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  1. Radin Dardashti, Karim P. Y. Thébault & Eric Winsberg, Confirmation Via Analogue Simulation: What Dumb Holes Could Tell Us About Gravity.
    In this article we argue for the existence of ‘analogue simulation’ as a novel form of scientific inference with the potential to be confirmatory. This notion is distinct from the modes of analogical reasoning detailed in the literature, and draws inspiration from fluid dynamical ‘dumb hole’ analogues to gravitational black holes. For that case, which is considered in detail, we defend the claim that the phenomena of gravitational Hawking radiation could be confirmed in the case that its counterpart is detected (...)
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volume 2, issue , 2015
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    Thaddeus Metz, Odnajdowanie Sensu W Jego Poszukiwaniu.
    Polish translation of mildly revised versions of the introductory and closing pages of _Meaning in Life_.
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  1. Jason Bainbridge, The Call to Do Justice”: Superheroes, Sovereigns and the State During Wartime.
    This paper maps superheroes as signifiers of substantive justice and their relationship with the state across two Coverian nomoi, World War II and the “war on terror”. It is argued that the central concern of most superhero narratives is justice, exploring both what it means and how it can best be articulated. This “call to do justice” becomes even more important during wartime where superheroes become agitators for cultural change, appropriating the sovereign decision during states of exception even as they (...)
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  1. Melissa Voigt, Mark Russell, Kristina Hiney, Jennifer Richardson, Abigail Borron & Colleen Brady, Show Horse Welfare: Evaluating Stock-Type Show Horse Industry Legitimacy.
    The purpose of this paper is to use the Social Cognitive Theory and its moral disengagement framework to emphasize the need for stock-type horse associations to minimize potential and actual threats to their legitimacy in an effort to maintain and strengthen self-regulating governance, specifically relating to the occurrence of inhumane treatment to horses. Despite having stated rules within their handbooks, the actions of leading stock-type associations in response to reports of inhumane treatment provide evidence of their ability to self-regulate. The (...)
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  1. Tatjana Višak, Sacrifices of Self Are Prudential Harms: A Reply to Carbonell.
    Vanessa Carbonell argues that sacrifices of self, unlike most other sacrifices, cannot be analyzed entirely in terms of wellbeing. For this reason, Carbonell considers sacrifices of self as posing a problem for the wellbeing theory of sacrifice and for discussions about the demandingness of morality. In this paper I take issue with Carbonell’s claim that sacrifices of self cannot be captured as prudential harms. First, I explain why Carbonell considers sacrifices of self particularly problematic. In order to determine whether some (...)
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volume 20, issue , 2014
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    John Corcoran & Sriram Nambiar, De Morgan on Euclid’s Fourth Postulate.
    This paper will annoy modern logicians who follow Bertrand Russell in taking pleasure in denigrating Aristotle for [allegedly] being ignorant of relational propositions. To be sure this paper does not clear Aristotle of the charge. On the contrary, it shows that such ignorance, which seems unforgivable in the current century, still dominated the thinking of one of the greatest modern logicians as late as 1831. Today it is difficult to accept the proposition that Aristotle was blind to the fact that, (...)
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  1. Kevin Lynch, Willful Ignorance and Self-Deception.
    Willful ignorance is an important concept in criminal law and jurisprudence, though it has not received much discussion in philosophy. When it is mentioned, however, it is regularly assumed to be a kind of self-deception. In this article I will argue that self-deception and willful ignorance are distinct psychological kinds. First, some examples of willful ignorance are presented and discussed, and an analysis of the phenomenon is developed. Then it is shown that current theories of self-deception give no support to (...)
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  1. Filipe Drapeau Vieira Contim, Mental Files and Non-Transitive De Jure Coreference.
    Among other virtues, Mental Files Theory provides a straightforward explanation of de jure coreference, i.e. identity of referent guaranteed by meaning alone: de jure coreference holds between terms when these are associated with the same mental file from which they inherit their reference. In this paper, I discuss an objection that Angel Pinillos raises against Mental Files Theory and other similar theories: the theory predicts that de jure coreference should be transitive, just like identity. Yet there are cases, involving ‘slash-terms’, (...)
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volume 21, issue 1, 2015
  1. Ronald Aronson, Surviving the Neoliberal Maelstrom: A Sartrean Phenomenology of Social Hope.
    It might seem that Sartre's thought is no longer relevant in understanding and combating the maelstrom unleashed by triumphant neoliberalism. But we can still draw inspiration from Sartre's hatred of oppression and his project to understand how his most famous theme of individual self-determination and responsibility coexists with our social belonging and determination by historical forces larger than ourselves. Most important today is Sartre's understanding in Critique of Dialectical Reason of how isolated, serial individuals form into groups to resist oppression, (...)
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  2. Larry Busk, The Violence of the Political and the Politics of Violence: Dirty Hands Reconsidered.
    This article considers Sartre's perspective on political violence with reference to his 1948 play Dirty Hands . Focusing on the concrete political questions that confronted Sartre in his context, it traces the development and result of conversations with Merleau-Ponty, Camus and the Marxist tradition that shaped his thinking on this subject. At the end of this dialectical process, Sartre arrived at a position that refused both bourgeois humanism, with its disavowal of political violence, and what is here termed Official Communism (...)
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  3. Kate Kirkpatrick, Sartre: An Augustinian Atheist?
    This article attempts to redress the neglect of Sartre's relationship to Augustine, putting forward a reading of the early Sartre as an atheist who appropriated concepts from Augustinian theology. In particular, it is argued, Sartre owes a debt to the Augustinian doctrine of original sin. Sartre's portrait of human reality in Being and Nothingness is bleak: consciousness is lack; self-knowledge is impossible; and to turn to the human other is to face the imprisonment of an objectifying gaze. But this has (...)
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  4. David Lethbridge, Sartre's Crabs.
    Sartre's phobia of crabs is traced through his experimental experience with mescaline and such literary works as Nausea , The Words and The Condemned of Altona . The phobia is analysed through an examination of Sartre's biphasic childhood Oedipus complex and attendant castration anxiety relating to his mother, father and stepfather. Finally, the question is raised of what the existence of unconscious phobias might imply about the relations between existentialism and psychoanalysis.
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  5. Dane Sawyer, Playing Seriously with Bad Faith: A Derridean Intersection.
    In this article, I reconsider the question of how best to understand Sartre's concept of bad faith by investigating it through the Derridean lens of deconstruction. I argue that Sartre's discussion of bad faith in Being and Nothingness mirrors Derrida's criticisms of structuralism in 'Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences'. Examining their distinctive discussions of 'play', I claim that Derrida's unique deconstructive interpretation of this notion operates within Sartre's criticisms of the 'spirit of seriousness'. I (...)
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  1. Mark Coeckelbergh, Artificial Agents, Good Care, and Modernity.
    When is it ethically acceptable to use artificial agents in health care? This article articulates some criteria for good care and then discusses whether machines as artificial agents that take over care tasks meet these criteria. Particular attention is paid to intuitions about the meaning of ‘care’, ‘agency’, and ‘taking over’, but also to the care process as a labour process in a modern organizational and financial-economic context. It is argued that while there is in principle no objection to using (...)
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  1. Matthew A. Crawford, Moral Relativism: Can One Community Give Another a Reason to Change?
    This paper examines the popular philosophical theory of moral relativism. Traditionally, the theory argues that communities have their own conceptual frameworks of morality that are inaccessible to those outside of the community. Thus, one community cannot give another community a moral reason to change a practice. In this paper, I will examine David Velleman’s version of the theory presented in his book Foundations for Moral Relativism. This version posits that the drive towards mutual interpretability is a universal drive among human (...)
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  1. Iep Author, Spinoza: Moral Philosophy.
    Spinoza: Moral Philosophy Like many European philosophers in the early modern period, Benedict de Spinoza developed a moral philosophy that fused the insights of ancient theories of virtue with a modern conception of humans, their place in nature, and their relationship to God. Unlike many other authors in this period, however, Spinoza was strongly … Continue reading Spinoza: Moral Philosophy →.
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  2. Shyam Ranganathan, Upanisads.
    The Upaniṣads The Upaniṣads are ancient texts from India that were composed orally in Sanskrit between about 700 B.C.E. and 300 B.C.E. There are thirteen major Upaniṣads, many of which were likely composed by multiple authors and are comprised of a variety of styles. As part of a larger group of texts, known as the … Continue reading Upanisads →.
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    Thaddeus Metz, Auf Dem Weg Zu Einer Afrikanischen Moraltheorie.
    Revised version of 'Toward an African Moral Theory' (Journal of Political Philosophy 2007) appearing in German.
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May 23rd 2015 GMT
New books
  1. Pieter Adriaens (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  2. Sylvie Allouche (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  3. Andreas Block & Jonathan Sholl (eds.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  4. Havi Carel (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  5. Christien den Anker (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  6. Eran Dorfman (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  7. Mihail Evans (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  8. Lisa Guenther (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  9. Michael Hauskeller (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  10. Gilbert Hottois (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  11. Michael Lewis (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  12. Darian Meacham (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  13. Catherine Mills (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  14. Corry Shores (ed.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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  15. Guy Widdershoven & Jenny Slatman (eds.) (2015). Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy. Springer Netherlands.
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forthcoming articles
  1. Paul Boghossian, Reasoning and Reflection: A Reply to Kornblith.
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  2. Hilary Kornblith, Replies to Boghossian and Smithies.
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  3. Hilary Kornblith, Summary.
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    François Jaquet & Hichem Naar, Moral Beliefs for the Error Theorist?
    The moral error theory holds that moral claims and beliefs, because they commit us to the existence of illusory entities, are systematically false or untrue. It is an open question what we should do with moral thought and discourse once we have become convinced by this view. Until recently, this question had received two main answers. The abolitionist proposed that we should get rid of moral thought altogether. The fictionalist, though he agreed we should eliminate moral beliefs, enjoined us to (...)
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  1. Abraham D. Graber, Asha Bhandary & Matthew Rizzo, Ethical Practice Under Accountable Care.
    Accountable Care Organizations are a key mechanism of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act . ACOs will influence incentives for providers, who must understand these changes to make well-considered treatment decisions. Our paper defines an ethical framework for physician decisions and action within ACOs. Emerging ethical pressures providers will face as members of an ACO were classified under major headings representing three of the four principles of bioethics: autonomy, beneficence, and justice . Conflicts include a bias against transient populations, (...)
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  2. Stephen Napier, Perception of Value and the Minimally Conscious State.
    The “disability paradox” is the idea that for those who become severely disabled, their own quality of life assessment remains at or slightly below the QoL assessments of normal controls. This is a source of skepticism regarding third-person QoL judgments of the disabled. I argue here that this skepticism applies as well to those who are in the minimally conscious state . For rather simple means of sustaining an MCS patient’s life , the cost of being wrong that the patient (...)
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volume 58, issue 5, 2015
  1. Jesper Kallestrup, Two Notions of Circularity.
    Crispin Wright’s epistemic response to McKinsey’s paradox is to argue that introspective knowledge of the first premise fails to transmit across the semantic externalist entailment in the second premise to the conclusion that one has such untoward knowledge of the external world. This paper argues first that Stewart Cohen and Jonathan Vogel’s bootstrapping arguments suffer from a novel kind of epistemic circularity, which triggers failure of transmission but allows for the possibility of basic perceptual knowledge. It is then argued that (...)
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volume 56, issue 131, 2015
  1. Tadeu M. Verza, A "Epístola Sobre O Intelecto", de Al-Kindi.
    A questão "se uma elocução perde seu significado com a destruição das coisas "surge como uma questão sobre o valor-verdade de declarações com um termo vazio como sujeito, a saber, como um subproblema do sofisma "Se 'omnis homo de necessitate est animal' é verdade quando não há homem algum ". Neste trabalho, trarei as discussões conforme elas se apresentam em "De signis" IV.2 de Roger Bacon, em "Quaestiones logicales", q. 2–3 de Peter John Olivi, no OHNEA de Boethius of Dacia, (...)
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  1. Peter M. Todd & Henry Brighton, Building the Theory of Ecological Rationality.
    While theories of rationality and decision making typically adopt either a single-powertool perspective or a bag-of-tricks mentality, the research program of ecological rationality bridges these with a theoretically-driven account of when different heuristic decision mechanisms will work well. Here we described two ways to study how heuristics match their ecological setting: The bottom-up approach starts with psychologically plausible building blocks that are combined to create simple heuristics that fit specific environments. The top-down approach starts from the statistical problem facing the (...)
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  1. Johannes Roessler, Thinking, Inner Speech, and Self-Awareness.
    This paper has two themes. One is the question of how to understand the relation between inner speech and knowledge of one’s own thoughts. My aim here is to probe and challenge the popular neo-Rylean suggestion that we know our own thoughts by ‘overhearing our own silent monologues’, and to sketch an alternative suggestion, inspired by Ryle’s lesser-known discussion of thinking as a ‘serial operation’. The second theme is the question whether, as Ryle apparently thought, we need two different accounts (...)
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  1. Brent Daniel Mittelstadt & Luciano Floridi, The Ethics of Big Data: Current and Foreseeable Issues in Biomedical Contexts.
    The capacity to collect and analyse data is growing exponentially. Referred to as ‘Big Data’, this scientific, social and technological trend has helped create destabilising amounts of information, which can challenge accepted social and ethical norms. Big Data remains a fuzzy idea, emerging across social, scientific, and business contexts sometimes seemingly related only by the gigantic size of the datasets being considered. As is often the case with the cutting edge of scientific and technological progress, understanding of the ethical implications (...)
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  1. Jenann Ismael, How Do Causes Depend on Us? The Many Faces of Perspectivalism.
    Huw Price has argued that on an interventionist account of cause the distinction is perspectival, and the claim prompted some interesting responses from interventionists and in particular an exchange with Woodward that raises questions about what it means to say that one or another structure is perspectival. I’ll introduce his reasons for claiming that the distinction between cause and effect on an interventionist account is perspectival. Then I’ll introduce a distinction between different ways in which a class of concepts can (...)
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