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Dec 9th 2016 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Miguel Brugarolas, Divine Simplicity and Creation of Man in Advance.
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  2. Jonathan R. Heaps, Traversing Forgiveness in Advance.
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volume 13, issue 1, 2016
  1.  4
    Diego S. Silva, Angus Dawson & Ross E. G. Upshur, Reciprocity and Ethical Tuberculosis Treatment and Control.
    This paper explores the notion of reciprocity in the context of active pulmonary and laryngeal tuberculosis treatment and related control policies and practices. We seek to do three things: First, we sketch the background to contemporary global TB care and suggest that poverty is a key feature when considering the treatment of TB patients. We use two examples from TB care to explore the role of reciprocity: isolation and the use of novel TB drugs. Second, we explore alternative means of (...)
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  1.  3
    Thomas F. Broden, Chronology of A. J. Greimas.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  2. Thomas Pavel, Human Action in Narrative Grammars.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  3.  3
    François Provenzano, Politiques de la sémiotique: Flux et reflux de la critique idéologique chez A. J. Greimas.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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volume 1, issue , 2017
  1. Shyam Ranganathan, Vedas and Upaniṣads.
    This chapter explores the role of evil in the development of the Vedas and Upaniṣads. The Vedas and the Upaniṣads, or the Vedas are the repository of veda of the early Indo-European peoples of South Asia. Written and collected over a thousand-year period, from 1500 BCE to 500 BCE, the Vedas says many things about evil. However, the corpus presents a philosophical shift from naturalism to non-naturalism that also mirrors a shift from Consequentialism to Deontology. The problem with naturalism on (...)
     
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Chapters, other
  1. Shyam Ranganathan (2016). Ethics-1: From Philosophy to Ethics. In A. Raghuramaraju (ed.), Philosophy, E-Pg Pathshala. India: Department of Higher Education M01.
    This is the first lesson of the MA level 1 course in Ethics, which spans the European and Asian traditions. This lesson consists of three main components: Part 2 concerns the discipline of philosophy – its scope and aim. Part 3 is an elaboration of philosophy, the discipline, as an exploration of the GOOD and the RIGHT. This is called “ethics” or “moral philosophy.” In Sanskrit, these explorations fall under the heading of dharma. In Part 4 we shall address some (...)
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Dec 8th 2016 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1.  4
    Scott Aikin, Epistemic Angst: Radical Skepticism and the Groundlessness of Our Believing, by Pritchard, Duncan.
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  2.  2
    McElwee Brian, Supererogation Across Normative Domains.
    ABSTRACTThe phenomenon of moral supererogation—action that goes beyond what moral duty requires—is familiar. In this paper, I argue that the concept of supererogation is applicable beyond the moral domain. After an introductory section 1, I outline in section 2 what I take to be the structure of moral supererogation, explaining how it comes to be an authentic normative category. In section 3, I show that there are structurally similar phenomena in other normative domains—those of prudence, etiquette, and the epistemic—and give (...)
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  3.  2
    Edward Skidelsky, Happiness, Pleasure, and Belief.
    ABSTRACTThis paper argues that happiness and pleasure are distinct states of mind because they stand in a distinct logical relation to belief. Roughly, being happy about a state of affairs s implies that one believes that s satisfies the description ‘s’ and that it is in some way good, whereas taking pleasure in s does not. In particular, Fred Feldman's analysis of happiness in terms of attitudinal pleasure overlooks this distinction.
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  1. Alison K. McConwell & Adrian Currie, Gouldian Arguments and the Sources of Contingency.
    ‘Gouldian arguments’ appeal to the contingency of a scientific domain to establish that domain’s autonomy from some body of theory. For instance, pointing to evolutionary contingency, Stephen Jay Gould suggested that natural selection alone is insufficient to explain life on the macroevolutionary scale. In analysing contingency, philosophers have provided source-independent accounts, understanding how events and processes structure history without attending to the nature of those events and processes. But Gouldian Arguments require source-dependent notions of contingency. An account of contingency is (...)
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  1.  2
    Jonathan Way & Daniel Whiting, Perspectivism and the Argument From Guidance.
    Perspectivists hold that what you ought to do is determined by your perspective, that is, your epistemic position. Objectivists hold that what you ought to do is determined by the facts irrespective of your perspective. This paper explores an influential argument for perspectivism which appeals to the thought that the normative is action guiding. The crucial premise of the argument is that you ought to φ only if you are able to φ for the reasons which determine that you ought (...)
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  1.  1
    Thomas Atkinson, Acquaintance and the Sublime: An Alternative Account of Theistic Sublime Experience.
    In this paper I argue that when one has an epiphany of the form ‘God is F’ upon having a sublime experience one can be accurately described as being acquainted with the fact that God is F as opposed to inferring that God is F from the experience at hand. To argue for this, I will, first, outline what a sublime experience is, in general, before outlining what a theistic sublime experience is in particular. Second, I will outline two ways (...)
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  1.  3
    Anca Gheaus, Children's Vulnerability and Legitimate Authority Over Children.
    Children's vulnerability gives rise to duties of justice towards children and determines when authority over them is legitimately exercised. I argue for two claims. First, that children's general vulnerability to objectionable dependency on their care-givers entails that children have a right not to be subject to monopolies of care, and therefore determines the structure of legitimate authority over them. Second, that children's vulnerability to the loss of some special goods of childhood is relevant to the metric of justice towards children (...)
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  1.  2
    Chiffi Daniele & Zanotti Renzo, Knowledge and Belief in Placebo Effect.
    The beliefs involved in the placebo effect are often assumed to be self-fulfilling, that is, the truth of these beliefs would merely require the patient to hold them. Such a view is commonly shared in epistemology. Many epistemologists focused, in fact, on the self-fulfilling nature of these beliefs, which have been investigated because they raise some important counterexamples to Nozick’s “tracking theory of knowledge.” We challenge the self-fulfilling nature of placebo-based beliefs in multi-agent contexts, analyzing their deep epistemological nature and (...)
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  2. Sander A. Voerman & Philip J. Nickel, Sound Trust and the Ethics of Telecare.
    The adoption of web-based telecare services has raised multifarious ethical concerns, but a traditional principle-based approach provides limited insight into how these concerns might be addressed and what, if anything, makes them problematic. We take an alternative approach, diagnosing some of the main concerns as arising from a core phenomenon of shifting trust relations that come about when the physician plays a less central role in the delivery of care, and new actors and entities are introduced. Correspondingly, we propose an (...)
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  1. Joseph O. Chapa & David J. Blair, The Just Warrior Ethos: A Response to Colonel Riza.
    ABSTRACTIn 2014, Colonel M. Shane Riza published an article in this journal arguing that remotely piloted aircraft and robotic weapons threaten the US Air Force’s warrior ethos. Riza has clearly articulated the sentiments of one side of a vibrant debate within our service. This paper presents an alternative view; a view held by some who have experienced these new forms and tools of war, and who have wrestled with their implications first-hand. In this paper, we address some methodological concerns with (...)
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  1. Luis H. Favela & Jonathan Martin, “Cognition” and Dynamical Cognitive Science.
    Several philosophers have expressed concerns with some recent uses of the term ‘cognition’. Underlying a number of these concerns are claims that cognition is only located in the brain and that no compelling case has been made to use ‘cognition’ in any way other than as a cause of behavior that is representational in nature. These concerns center on two primary misapprehensions: First, that some adherents of dynamical cognitive science think DCS implies the thesis of extended cognition and the rejection (...)
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  1. Michael N. Abbott & Steven L. Peck, Emerging Ethical Issues Related to the Use of Brain-Computer Interfaces for Patients with Total Locked-in Syndrome.
    New brain-computer interface and neuroimaging techniques are making differentiation less ambiguous and more accurate between unresponsive wakefulness syndrome patients and patients with higher cognitive function and awareness. As research into these areas continues to progress, new ethical issues will face physicians of patients suffering from total locked-in syndrome, characterized by complete loss of voluntary muscle control, with retention of cognitive function and awareness detectable only with neuroimaging and brain-computer interfaces. Physicians, researchers, ethicists and hospital ethics committees should be aware of (...)
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  1. Renz Graham, It’s All in Your Head: A Solution to the Problem of Object Coincidence.
    It is uncontroversial that artifacts like statues and tables are mind-dependent. What is controversial is whether and how this mind-dependence has implications for the ontology of artifacts. I argue the mind-dependence of artifacts entails that there are no artifacts or artifact joints in the extra-mental world. In support of this claim, I argue that artifacts and artifact joints lack any extra-mental grounding, and so ought not to have a spot in a realist ontology. I conclude that the most plausible story (...)
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  1. Samuel Baker, The Metaphysics of Goodness in the Ethics of Aristotle.
    Kraut and other neo-Aristotelians have argued that there is no such thing as absolute goodness. They admit only good in a kind, e.g. a good sculptor, and good for something, e.g. good for fish. What is the view of Aristotle? Mostly limiting myself to the Nicomachean Ethics, I argue that Aristotle is committed to things being absolutely good and also to a metaphysics of absolute goodness where there is a maximally best good that is the cause of the goodness of (...)
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  1. Kyriacou Christos, Tolstoy's Implicit Moral Theory: An Interpretation and Appraisal.
    I sketch an interpretation of Tolstoy’s implicit moral theory on the basis of his masterpieces War and Peace and Anna Karenina. I suggest that Tolstoy is a theistic moral realist who believes that God’s will identifies the mind-independent truths of morality. He also thinks that, roughly, it suffices to heed natural moral emotions (like love and compassion) to know the right thing to do, that is, God’s will. In appraisal of Tolstoy’s interesting and original theory that I dub ‘theistic populist (...)
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  1.  1
    Arindam Chakrabarti, Remembering Matilal on Remembering.
    Although memory is pivotal to consciousness and without it no perceptual judgment or thinking is possible, Nyāya epistemology does not accept memory as a knowledge source. Prof Matilal elucidates and defends Udayana’s justification for calling into question the knowledgehood or even truth of any recollection. Deepening Matilal’s argument, this paper first shows why, if a remembering reproduces exactly the original experience from which it borrows its truth-claim, then there is a mismatch between the time of experience and the time of (...)
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  1. Jane Roland Martin, Renouncing Human Hubris and Reeducating Commonsense.
    The thesis of this paper is that we are now in the early stage of a revolution even more transformative than the Copernican. That great upheaval brought about a radical shift in the way men and women conceptualized their place in the universe. The revolution now under way entails a sea change in the way we think about ourselves in relation to the planet we inhabit—itself not a simple matter—and also the reeducation of our attitudes, values, feelings, emotions, patterns of (...)
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  1. Joseph C. Bertolini, Shakespeare’s Freedom.
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  2.  1
    Hans J. Rindisbacher, Being German, Becoming Muslim: Race, Religion, and Conversion in the New Europe.
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  1. Barbara Prainsack & Alena Buyx, Thinking Ethical and Regulatory Frameworks in Medicine From the Perspective of Solidarity on Both Sides of the Atlantic.
    This article provides a concise overview of the history of scholarship on solidarity in Europe and North America. While recent decades have seen an increase in conceptual and scholarly interest in solidarity in North America and other parts of the Anglo-Saxon world, the concept is much more strongly anchored in Europe. Continental European politics in particular have given rise to two of the most influential traditions of solidarity, namely, socialism and Christian ethics. Solidarity has also guided important public instruments and (...)
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Chapters, other
  1. Shyam Ranganathan (2017). Beyond Moral Twin Earth: Beyond Indology. In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Ethics. Bloomsbury Academic 85-102.
    The Linguistic Account of Thought holds that thought is the meaning of declarative sentences. According to Linguistic Internalism, two languages can share sentential meanings and hence express the same thought. According to Linguistic Particularism, thought content is relative to languages and is not shared. We can contrast these two accounts of thought with a third: the intension of a thought is a common disciplinary use of differing meaningful claims, and the extension of a thought is the collection of sentences or (...)
     
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  2. Pepp Jessica (forthcoming). Assertion, Lying, and Falsely Implicating. In Sanford C. Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Assertion. OUP
    There is an intuitive and seemingly significant difference between lying and falsely implicating. This difference has received scrutiny both historically and recently, mostly in the context of the following two questions. First, how should lying be defined so as to distinguish it from falsely implicating? Second, is the difference between lying and falsely implicating really significant, and if so, how and why is it significant? Answers to the first question typically invoke assertion, claiming (roughly) that to lie is to assert (...)
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Dec 7th 2016 GMT
volume 57, issue 4, 2016
  1.  5
    Joseph Gottlieb, Transitivity and Transparency.
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  2. Marcela Herdova, Nothing to Fear: Swap Cases and Personal Identity.
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  3. T. Parent, The Modal Ontological Argument Meets Modal Fictionalism.
    This paper attacks the modal ontological argument, as advocated by Plantinga among others. Whereas other criticisms in the literature reject one of its premises, the present line is that the argument is invalid. This becomes apparent once we run the argument assuming fictionalism about possible worlds. Broadly speaking, the problem is that if one defines “x” as something that exists, it does not follow that there is anything satisfying the definition. Yet unlike non-modal ontological arguments, the modal argument commits this (...)
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  4.  11
    Bradley Rives, Concepts and Analytic Intuitions.
forthcoming articles
  1.  2
    Brian Berkey, Obligations of Productive Justice: Individual or Institutional?
    If it is a requirement of justice that everyone has access to basic goods and services, then justice requires that the work that is necessary to produce the relevant goods and provide the relevant services is performed. Two widely accepted views, however, together rule out requirements of justice to perform such work. These are, roughly, that the state cannot force people to perform it, and that individuals are not obligated to perform it voluntarily. Lucas Stanczyk argues that we should resolve (...)
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