New books and articles

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Jun 29th 2016 GMT
volume 38, issue 1, 2016
  1. Melissa Clarke, Earth Stewardship: Linking Ecology and Ethics in Theory and Practice.
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  2. Willis Jenkins, The Turn to Virtue in Climate Ethics.
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  3. Nin Kirkham, Recognizing Our Place in the World.
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  4. Mei-Hsiang Lin, Traditional Chinese Confucianism and Taoism and Current Environmental Education.
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  5. Tony Lynch & Stephen Norris, On the Enduring Importance of Deep Ecology.
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  6. Dale E. Miller, Mill’s “Nature”.
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  7. Jonathan Parker, Stoic Quietude.
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  8. Frank Schalow, The Logos of the Living World: Merleau-Ponty, Animals, and Language.
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  9. David E. Storey, Nietzsche and Ecology Revisited.
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  1. Ruth Boeker, Locke and Hume on Personal Identity: Moral and Religious Differences.
    Hume’s theory of personal identity is developed in response to Locke’s account of personal identity. Yet it is striking that Hume does not emphasize Locke’s distinction between persons and human beings. It seems even more striking that Hume’s account of the self in Books 2 and 3 of the Treatise has less scope for distinguishing persons from human beings than his account in Book 1. This is puzzling, because Locke originally introduced the distinction in order to answer questions of moral (...)
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  1. John Draeger, Everyday Sexism in Advance.
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  2. Alex Rajczi, Duties to the Global Poor and Minimalism About Global Justice in Advance.
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  1. Asha Bhandary, Liberal Dependency Care in Advance.
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  2. Matthew Homan, On the Alleged Exceptional Nature of Thought in Spinoza in Advance.
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Jun 28th 2016 GMT
New books
  1. Gerhard Thonhauser (ed.) (2016). Ein Rätselhaftes Zeichen: Zum Verhältnis von Martin Heidegger Und Søren Kierkegaard. De Gruyter.
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  1.  2
    Ciro De Florio & Aldo Frigerio, The Costs of Ockhamism.
    This paper has a twofold aim. The first is to offer a precise definition of soft fact. Without such definition it is impossible to assess the Ockhamist solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge and human freedom in an accurate way. The second purpose is to identify the costs of such a solution, distinguishing them from some of the other costs usually ascribed to Ockhamism, which Ockhamism does not actually need to pay. In particular, it is argued that Ockhamism is (...)
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  2. Jaeho Lee, The Metaphysical Requirement for Models of Prediction and Explanationist Approaches to the Problem of Induction.
    David Armstrong once argued that to solve the problem of induction with inference to the best explanation we need an anti-Humean conception of law. Some Humeans have argued that this argument begs the question against Humeanism. In this paper, I propose a new argument for the same conclusion which is not vulnerable to this criticism. In particular, I argue that explanationist approaches to the problem of induction that are combined with Humeanism is internally incoherent.
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  1. Philip A. Reed, Hume on Sympathy and Agreeable Qualities.
    ABSTRACTHume says that sympathy is the source of our moral feeling of approval for useful qualities. But does Hume give the same psychological explanation of our approval of immediately agreeable qualities as he does to our approval of useful qualities? Does he trace our moral approbation of immediately agreeable qualities to sympathy? Some commentators, including Rachel Cohon and Don Garrett, argue that he does not. Let us call this view the ‘narrow view’ of sympathy in contrast to the ‘wide view’ (...)
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volume 40, issue 4, 2016
  1.  1
    Karl Ridgeway, Michael C. Mozer & Anita R. Bowles, Forgetting of Foreign‐Language Skills: A Corpus‐Based Analysis of Online Tutoring Software.
    We explore the nature of forgetting in a corpus of 125,000 students learning Spanish using the Rosetta Stone® foreign-language instruction software across 48 lessons. Students are tested on a lesson after its initial study and are then retested after a variable time lag. We observe forgetting consistent with power function decay at a rate that varies across lessons but not across students. We find that lessons which are better learned initially are forgotten more slowly, a correlation which likely reflects a (...)
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    Tom Sorell, Online Grooming and Preventive Justice.
    In England and Wales, Section 15 of the Sexual Offences Act criminalizes the act of meeting a child—someone under 16—after grooming. The question to be pursued in this paper is whether grooming—I confine myself to online grooming—is justly criminalized. I shall argue that it is. One line of thought will be indirect. I shall first try to rebut a general argument against the criminalization of acts that are preparatory to the commission of serious offences. Grooming is one such act, but (...)
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    Liam Kofi Bright, Decision Theoretic Model of the Productivity Gap.
    Using a decision theoretic model of scientists’ time allocation between potential research projects I explain the fact that on average women scientists publish less research papers than men scientists. If scientists are incentivised to publish as many papers as possible, then it is necessary and sufficient for a productivity gap to arise that women scientists anticipate harsher treatment of their manuscripts than men scientists anticipate for their manuscripts. I present evidence that women do expect harsher treatment and that scientists’ are (...)
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volume 4, issue 2, 2016
  1. Augustine Akwu Atabor, Postmodernism and Objectivity in the Social Sciences: Redressing Nweke’s Understanding of Atabor.
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  2. Mesembe Ita Edet, Book Review -The Limitations of Bernard Matolino’s “Limited Communitarianism”: Continuing the Conversations on Personhood in African Philosophy. [REVIEW]
    A review of [Personhood in African Philosophy] 2014. Cluster Publications: Pietermaritzburg. Paperback. Pp 192 Author: Bernard Matolino Discipline: African Philosophy Category: African Philosophy ISBN: 978 1 920620 059 Price: Not stated. Reviewer: Mesembe Ita EDET, PhD Department of Philosophy University of Calabar Calabar – Nigeria.
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  3. Christian C. Emedolu, From Magic to African Experimental Science: Toward a New Paradigm.
    This paper assumes that there is a distinction between empirical and non-empirical science. It also assumes that empirical science has two complementary parts, namely, theorization and experimentation. The paper focuses strictly on the experimental aspect of science. It is a call for reformation in African experimental science. Following a deep historical understanding of the revolution that brought about experimental philosophy this paper admits that magic was the mother, not just the “bastard sister” of empirical science. It uncovers the fact that (...)
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  4. Victor C. A. Nweke, David A. Oyedola and the Imperative to Disambiguate the Term “African Philosopher”: A Conversation From the Standpoint of the Conversational School of Philosophy – The Calabar Circle.
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  5. Cyril-Mary Pius Olatunji, A Philosophical Critique of Ignocentric Search for Political Messiah in Nigeria.
    Many of the philosophers of African politics who have argued that the political challenges of Nigeria, and of Africa as a whole are as a result of the impunity and corruption of post-independence Nigeria leaders also give the impression that the people of Nigeria are mere innocent victims because in their arguments all the ills of the Nigerian state exist only because the country have not experienced or discovered an honest and capable political leader. The scholars argue to the effect (...)
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  6. David A. Oyedola, Appiah on Race and Identity in the Illusions of Race: A Rejoinder.
    Whether Appiah’s concession in [The Illusions of Race, 1992] that there are no races can stand vis-a-vis Masolo’s submission in “African Philosophy and the Postcolonial: some Misleadingions about Identity” that identity is impossible, it is worthy to note that much of what is entailed in human societies tend toward the exaltation and protection of self-interest. Self-interest, as it is related to particular or individual entities, to a great extent, presupposes the ontology of different races and identities. Paul Taylor in “Appiah’s (...)
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  7. Olatunji A. Oyeshile, Modernity, Islam and an African Culture.
    The human quest for the meaning of life is an unending one marked by undulating landscapes. In order to confront the flux of experience generated by this quest for meaning, the human embraces science, morality, politics and religion. Religion is said to provide the basis for transcendental values which give humans succour after the physical and material struggles have ended. At the same time, religion also uses the observable social world as the starting point for the embrace of transcendental values. (...)
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  1.  3
    Janusz Gluza & Jerzy Kosek, Pilot-Wave Quantum Theory in Discrete Space and Time and the Principle of Least Action.
    The idea of obtaining a pilot-wave quantum theory on a lattice with discrete time is presented. The motion of quantum particles is described by a \-distributed Markov chain. Stochastic matrices of the process are found by the discrete version of the least-action principle. Probability currents are the consequence of Hamilton’s principle and the stochasticity of the Markov process is minimized. As an example, stochastic motion of single particles in a double-slit experiment is examined.
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  1. Michael Hennessy Picard, “Iraqnophobia”: A Biomedical History of State-Rearing and Shock Doctrine in Iraq.
    The history of Western foreign policy in the Middle East has long assimilated Arab culture to sickness. Specifically, the biological episteme of “contamination” has shaped American foreign policy in the Gulf for decades. In so doing, the US Government continually borrowed references from the natural sciences to frame its foreign policy, leading some commentators to claim that biology supplanted philosophy and religion as the primary political category. The article analyses the semantics of Iraqnophobic metaphors, from the British experience of “nursing” (...)
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  1. Daniela C. Wilks, José Neves Cruz & Pedro Sousa, Personality Traits and Plagiarism: An Empirical Study with Portuguese Undergraduate Students.
    Academic dishonesty is a major problem and is thus a highly relevant area of inquiry. Considerable research has shown that key traits from the Big Five model of personality are associated with various forms of anti-social behaviour. To date, however, relatively little research interest has been devoted to study the relationship between personality traits and plagiarism. This study attempts to fill this gap by examining the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and the inclination to commit plagiarism by undergraduate (...)
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volume 44, issue 3, 2016
  1. James Kimball, The Relationship Between the Bhāva.
    The relationship between the two classical Sāṃkhya paradigms of the conditions and the intellectual creation has been a matter of debate since the early days of modern Indology. The precise role of each of these paradigms in the broader Sāṃkhya system, as well as the relationship between them, is unclear from the text of Īśvarakṛṣṇa’s Sāṃ khyakārikā, and most of the classical commentaries on this text offer little clarification. Of these commentaries, the anonymous Yuktidīpikā provides the most detailed and extensive (...)
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  1. Ran Hirschl, Early Engagements with the Constitutive Laws of Others: Possible Lessons From Pre-Modern Religious Law.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  2. Karin Carmit Yefet, Synagogue and State in the Israeli Military: A Story of “Inappropriate Integration”.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  1. Suzanne Le Mire, A Temporary ‘Fix’ for a Permanent Problem: The Appointment of Auxiliary Judges in South Australia.
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  2. Crispin Passmore, The Solicitors Regulation Authority: Looking to the Future.
    ABSTRACTThe legal market is changing. Whether individual consumer or corporate client, the choice of services available to help manage or solve legal problems appears increasingly wide. Business process outsourcing, technology and data companies, accountants and other professional advisors are offering corporate clients new options to manage their legal affairs. Law firms are responding to this increasing competitive pressure with new services of their own. The Solicitors Regulation Authority, as the largest legal regulator in the UK, is liberalising its approach to (...)
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volume 31, issue 3, 2016
  1. Christian Burgers, Britta C. Brugman, Kiki Y. Renardel de Lavalette & Gerard J. Steen, HIP: A Method for Linguistic Hyperbole Identification in Discourse.
    ABSTRACTThis article introduces the Hyperbole Identification Procedure, a first systematic method for identifying linguistic hyperbole in discourse. We start by comparing existing definitions of linguistic hyperbole. Based on the commonalities shared by these definitions, we provide our operational definition of hyperbole as “an expression that is more extreme than justified given its ontological referent.” The next section argues why it is useful to identify hyperbole, as with metaphor in Metaphor Identification Procedure Vrije Universiteit, at the level of lexical units, and (...)
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  2. Anita Yen Chiang & Wen-yu Chiang, Behold, I Am Coming Soon! A Study on the Conceptualization of Sexual Orgasm in 27 Languages.
    ABSTRACTThis study explores how sexual orgasm is conceptualized in 27 languages and proposes an ideal cognitive model for sexual desire. Specifically, the study has identified that the conceptual metaphors, conceptual metonymies, and related concepts manifested in the terms and announcements for orgasm can be categorized into orgasm as a physiological response, orgasm as a psychological state, and orgasm as an ideal goal. We also observed that languages tend to conceptualize orgasm as a physiological response in the terms for orgasm; whereas (...)
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  3. Martí Domínguez, The Metaphorical New Synthesis: Toward an Eco-Evolutionary Theory of Metaphors.
    ABSTRACTMetaphors are a genuinely human construction. They are used to improve communication and they are a very powerful tool that might have an influence in human evolution. In this article I argue that metaphors, transformed in powerful memes, adapt to a new communicative niche and contribute to transform it. In order to prove this hypothesis, I study 319 cartoons published in the wake of the Germanwings air crash, where I inventory 144 metaphors. The study shows the conceptual metaphor evolution for (...)
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  4. Jennifer Yameng Liang, Kay O’Halloran & Sabine Tan, Where Do I Come From? Metaphors in Sex Education Picture Books for Young Children in China.
    ABSTRACTThis study examines the types of verbal, pictorial, and multimodal metaphors in the genre of sex education picture books for young children in Mainland China. Although being an educational discourse genre that is essentially concerned with transmitting scientific facts, sex education picture books employ a range of metaphors that categorize and construe the biological knowledge of human reproduction in a way that not only facilitates young children’s understanding of scientific concepts but also instills in them particular values and moralities that (...)
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