New books and articles

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Apr 27th 2015 GMT
New books
  1. Rebecca Bamford (ed.) (2015). Nietzsche's Free Spirit Philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A major collection of essays by a panel of leading Nietzsche scholars exploring Nietzsche's philosophy of the free spirit.
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  2. Nelson W. Keith (2015). Outline of a New Liberalism: Pragmatism and the Stigmatized Other. Lexington Books.
    This book addresses identity-formation as it relates to social inclusivity. The stigmatized Other have long been marginalized in their social relations with the mainstream. This book reconstitutes the thinking which displaces social exclusiveness, replacing it with new ideas promoting social cohesiveness, reciprocity, and social inclusivity.
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  3. Ken McMullen & Martin McQuillan (2015). Oxi: The Screenplay and Commentary: Including Interviews with Derrida, Cixous, Balibar and Negri. Rowman & Littlefield International.
    An original screenplay inspired by Sophocles’ Antigone, retold through the contemporary Greek crisis and modern European philosophy.
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  4. Shanruo Ning Zhang (2015). Confucianism in Contemporary Chinese Politics: An Actionable Account of Authoritarian Political Culture. Lexington Books.
    This book analyzes the ways in which authoritarian political culture performs functions similar to democratic political culture, using contemporary Chinese politics as a case study. Through an examination of the legitimating and engaging values of Confucianism, the author analyzes how these values influence everyday political engagement, perceptions and practices of “rule of law,” political deliberation, and official discourse of the Chinese Communist Party.
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    Christoph Kann, Tanja Osswald & David Hommen (eds.) (forthcoming). Concepts and Categorization. mentis.
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    Fabian Schupppert & Christian Seidel, Equality, Justice and Feasibility: An Ethical Analysis of the WBGU’s Budget Approach.
    According to the Budget Approach proposed by the German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU), allocating CO2 emission rights to countries on an equal per-capita basis would provide an ethically justified response to global climate change. In this paper, we will highlight four normative issues which beset the WBGU’s Budget Approach: (1) the approach’s core principle of distributive justice, the principle of equality, and its associated policy of emissions egalitarianism are much more complex than it initially appears; (2) the “official” (...)
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volume 22, issue 1, 2015
  1. Jeffrey Edward Green, Liberalism and the Problem of Plutocracy.
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    George Couvalis, Aristotle on Being.
    Aristotle explains existence through postulating essences that are intrinsic and percep- tion independent. I argue that his theory is more plausible than Hume’s and Russell’s theories of existence. Russell modifies Hume’s theory because he wants to allow for the existence of mathematical objects. However, Russell’s theory facilitates a problematic collapse of ontology into epistemology, which has become a feature of much analytic philosophy. This collapse obscures the nature of truth. Aristotle is to be praised for starting with a clear account (...)
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  1. Scott Soames, Reply to Critics of the Analytic Tradition in Philosophy Vol. 1 the Founding Giants.
    Reply to Beaney: the closing of the historical mindIn his comments, Michael Beaney sets himself up as the arbiter of what is genuine history and what isn’t. While celebrating the outpouring of specialized scholarship on Frege, he has no patience with the enterprise outlined in the Précis, which attempts to construct a large-scale picture of the richness of the analytic tradition. That enterprise is one in which great figures of our recent past are challenged by aspects of contemporary thought, and (...)
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Chapters, other
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    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Meaningful Existence. In Graham Oppy (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Atheism and Philosophy. Blackwell.
    A critical exploration of recent philosophical work on the relationship between atheism and meaning in life. In addition to considering views that God is not necessary for our lives to have meaning, it focuses particularly on bolder claims that the existence of God would make meaning in our lives impossible or at least very difficult.
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    Christoph Kann (forthcoming). Supposition and Properties of Terms. In Catarina Dutilh Novaes & Read Stephen (eds.), Cambridge Companion on Medieval Logic. Cambridge University Press.
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    Christoph Kann (forthcoming). Precategorization, Categorization and Conceptualization. In Christoph Kann, Tanja Osswald & David Hommen (eds.), Concepts and categorization. mentis.
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Apr 26th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Adina Preda, Are There Any Conflicts of Rights?
    This paper argues that a putative conflict between negative rights and positive rights is not a genuine conflict. The thought that they might conflict presupposes, I argue, that the two rights are valid. This is the first assumption of my argument. The second is that general rights impose duties on everyone, not just the party who faces a conflict of correlative duties. These two assumptions yield the conclusion that positive rights impose enforceable duties on the holder of the negative right; (...)
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  2. Wouter Sanderse, Paul Bloomfield: The Virtues of Happiness. A Theory of the Good Life.
    “Aristotle is the father of virtue ethics, and virtue ethics is hot”, Howard Curzer states in the introduction of his Aristotle and the virtues . Aristotelian virtue ethics has attracted so much attention that it has become one of the three major approaches in normative ethics since its revival in post-war Anglo-Saxon philosophy. In his new book, Paul Bloomfield is, like these virtue ethicists, not so much interested in the modern ethical question of how to treat others, but in the (...)
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  1. William Roche, Confirmation, Increase in Probability, and Partial Discrimination: A Reply to Zalabardo.
    There is a plethora of confirmation measures in the literature. Zalabardo considers four such measures: PD , PR , LD , and LR . He argues for LR and against each of PD, PR, and LD. First, he argues that PR is the better of the two probability measures. Next, he argues that LR is the better of the two likelihood measures. Finally, he argues that LR is superior to PR. I set aside LD and focus on the trio of (...)
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  1. Philipp von Wussow, Leo Strauss and Julius Guttmann in Advance.
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volume 15, issue 1, 2014
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    Dale Jacquette, Against Logically Possible World-Relativized Existence.
    The thesis that entities exist in, at, or in relation to logically possible worlds is criticized. The suggestion that actually nonexistent fictional characters might nevertheless exist in nonactual merely logically possible worlds runs afoul of the most general transworld identity requirements. An influential philosophical argument for the concept of world-relativized existence is examined in Alvin Plantinga’s formal development and explanation of modal semantic relations. Despite proposing an attractive unified semantics of alethic modality, Plantinga’s argument is rejected on formal grounds as (...)
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volume 4, issue , 2014
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    Brad Hooker, Must Kantian Contractualism and Rule-Consequentialism Converge?
    Derek Parfit’s On What Matters endorses Kantian Contractualism, the normative theory that everyone ought to follow the rules that everyone could rationally will that everyone accept. This paper explores Parfit’s argument that Kantian Contractualism converges with Rule Consequentialism. A pivotal concept in Parfit’s argument is the concept of impartiality, which he seems to equate agent-neutrality. This paper argues that equating impartiality and agent-neutrality is insufficient, since some agent-neutral considerations are silly and some are not impartial. Perhaps more importantly, there is (...)
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  1. Michael Rescorla, The Representational Foundations of Computation.
    Turing computation over a non-linguistic domain presupposes a notation for the domain. Accordingly, computability theory studies notations for various non-linguistic domains. It illuminates how different ways of representing a domain support different finite mechanical procedures over that domain. Formal definitions and theorems yield a principled classification of notations based upon their computational properties. To understand computability theory, we must recognize that representation is a key target of mathematical inquiry. We must also recognize that computability theory is an intensional enterprise: it (...)
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  1. Jesús Ilundáin-Agurruza, Appendix—Much Ado About Nothing.
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  2. Albert Piacente, Reverse Play: Toward A Philosophy From Sport.
    In this paper, I argue that, beyond a philosophy of sport, space should be made for a ‘philosophy from sport.’ A philosophy from sport is one that can allow us to see sport as more than instantiating broader social values or possessing an isolated set of unique values . It can, as I believe a philosophy from sport, by paying special attention to the actual practice of sport, bring with it ways of developing, informing, even justifying a set of broader (...)
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  1. David Liebesman, Does Vagueness Underlie the Mass/Count Distinction?
    Does vagueness underlie the mass/count distinction? My answer is no. I motivate this answer in two ways. First, I argue against Chierchia’s recent attempt to explain the distinction in terms of vagueness. Second, I give a more general argument that no such account will succeed.
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Chapters, other
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    Brad Hooker (2014). "Utilitarianism and Fairness". In Cambridge Companion to Utilitarianism. 251-271.
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    Tove Pettersen (2015). Existential Humanism and Moral Freedom in Simone de Beauvoir's Ethics. In Tove Pettersen Annlaug Bjørsnøs (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir – A Humanist Thinker. Brill/Rodopi. 69-91.
    In "Existential Humanism and Moral Freedom in Simone de Beauvoir's Ethics" Tove Pettersen elucidates the close connection between Beauvoir’s ethics and humanism, and argues that her humanism is an existential humanism. Beauvoir’s concept of freedom is inspected, followed by a discussion of her reasons for making moral freedom the leading normative value, and her claim that we must act for humanity. In Beauvoir’s ethics, freedom is not reserved for the elite, but understood as everyone being “able to surpass the given (...)
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    Boaz Miller (forthcoming). “Trust Me—I’M a Public Intellectual”: Margaret Atwood’s and David Suzuki’s Social Epistemologies of Climate Science. In Michael Keren & Richard Hawkins‎ (eds.), Speaking Power to Truth: Knowledge and the Public Intellectual in a Changing World‎. Athabasca University Press‎.
    Margaret Atwood and David Suzuki are two of the most prominent Canadian public ‎intellectuals ‎involved in the global warming debate. They both argue that anthropogenic global ‎warming is ‎occurring, warn against its grave consequences, and urge governments and the ‎public to take ‎immediate, decisive, extensive, and profound measures to prevent it. They differ, ‎however, in the ‎reasons and evidence they provide in support of their position. While Suzuki ‎stresses the scientific ‎evidence in favour of the global warming theory and the (...)
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Apr 25th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Ronald Polansky (ed.) (2014). The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
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  2. Espen Hammer (ed.) (2015). Theodor W, Adorno Ii. Routledge.
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    Allan Hazlett (2014). A Critical Introduction to Skepticism. Bloomsbury.
    Skepticism remains a central and defining issue in epistemology, and in the wider tradition of Western philosophy. To better understand the contemporary position of this important philosophical subject, Allan Hazlett introduces a range of topics, including: -/- • Ancient skepticism • skeptical arguments in the work of Hume and Descartes • Cartesian skepticism in contemporary epistemology • anti-skeptical strategies, including Mooreanism, nonclosure, and contextualism • additional varieties of skepticism • the practical consequences of Cartesian skepticism -/- Presenting a comprehensive survey (...)
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  1. Ulrike Zeshan, Making Meaning”: Communication Between Sign Language Users Without a Shared Language.
    Journal Name: Cognitive Linguistics Issue: Ahead of print.
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  1. Timo Miettinen, Phenomenology and Political Idealism.
    This article considers the possibility of articulating a renewed understanding of the principle of political idealism on the basis of Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology. By taking its point of departure from one of the most interesting political applications of Husserl’s phenomenological method, the ordoliberal tradition of the so-called Freiburg School of Economics, the article raises the question of the normative implications of Husserl’s eidetic method. Contrary to the “static” idealism of the ordoliberal tradition, the article proposes that the phenomenological concept of (...)
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  2. Søren Overgaard, How to Do Things with Brackets: The Epoché Explained.
    According to ‘purification interpretations’, the point of the epoché is to purify our ordinary experience of certain assumptions inherent in it. In this paper, I argue that purification interpretations are wrong. Ordinary experience is just fine as it is, and phenomenology has no intention of correcting or purifying it. To understand the epoché, we must keep the reflective nature of phenomenology firmly in mind. When we do phenomenology, we occupy two distinct roles, which come with very different responsibilities. As reflecting (...)
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volume 15, issue 1, 2015
  1. Ademola K. Fayemi, African Bioethics Vs. Healthcare Ethics in Africa: A Critique of Godfrey Tangwa.
    It is nearly two decades now since the publication of Godfrey Tangwa's article, ‘Bioethics: African Perspective’, without a critical review. His article is important because sequel to its publication in Bioethics, the idea of ‘African bioethics’ started gaining some attention in the international bioethics literature. This paper breaks this relative silence by critically examining Tangwa's claim on the existence of African bioethics. Employing conceptual and critical methods, this paper argues that Tangwa's account of African bioethics has some conceptual, methodic and (...)
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  1. Krista K. Thomason, Guilt and Child Soldiers.
    The use of child soldiers in armed conflict is an increasing global concern. Although philosophers have examined whether child soldiers can be considered combatants in war, much less attention has been paid to their moral responsibility. While it is tempting to think of them as having diminished or limited responsibility, child soldiers often report feeling guilt for the wrongs they commit. Here I argue that their feelings of guilt are both intelligible and morally appropriate. The feelings of guilt that child (...)
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  1. Peter G. Nelson, A Modern Version of Lewis’s Theory of Valency.
    A modern version of Lewis’s theory of valency is presented. This takes account of the results of quantum–mechanical calculations on molecules. Topics covered are polar covalent bonds, hypervalency, coordinate bonds, nonintegral bonds, oxo-anions, variable valency among transition elements, and nonclassical compounds. A distinction is drawn between the valence shell of an atom and the Lewis shell. The concept of a fractional bond pair is presented.
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  1. M. D. Pollock, On the Gyromagnetic and Gyrogravito-Magnetic Ratios of the Electron.
    The magnetic dipole moment of the Kerr–Newman metric, defined by mass \ , electrical charge \ and angular momentum \ , is \ , corresponding, for all values of \ , to a gyromagnetic ratio \ , which is also the value of the intrinsic gyromagnetic ratio of the electron, as first noted by Carter. Here, we argue that this result can be understood in terms of the particle-wave complementarity principle. For \ can only be defined at asymptotic spatial infinity, (...)
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volume 75, issue 5, 2015
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    James T. Turner Jr, On the Horns of a Dilemma: Bodily Resurrection or Disembodied Paradise?
    In the sixteenth century, Sir Thomas More criticized Martin Luther’s purported denial of a conscious intermediate state between bodily death and bodily resurrection. In the same century, William Tyndale penned a response in defense of Luther’s view. His argument essentially defended the proposition: If the Intermediate State obtains, then bodily resurrection is superfluous for those in the paradisiacal state. In this article, I enter the fray and argue for the truth of this conditional claim. And, like William Tyndale, I use (...)
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  1. David B. Resnik, Retracting Inconclusive Research: Lessons From the Séralini GM Maize Feeding Study.
    In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Séralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup©-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup©, or Roundup© for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and kidney and liver damage than normal controls. Shortly after this study was published, numerous scientists and several scientific organizations criticized the research as methodologically and ethically flawed. In January 2014, the journal retracted the article without the authors’ consent (...)
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  1. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets, Logics of Informational Interactions.
    The pre-eminence of logical dynamics, over a static and purely propositional view of Logic, lies at the core of a new understanding of both formal epistemology and the logical foundations of quantum mechanics. Both areas appear at first sight to be based on purely static propositional formalisms, but in our view their fundamental operators are essentially dynamic in nature. Quantum logic can be best understood as the logic of physically-constrained informational interactions between subsystems of a global physical system. Similarly, epistemic (...)
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  1. D. M. Gabbay & O. Rodrigues, Equilibrium States in Numerical Argumentation Networks.
    Given an argumentation network with initial values to the arguments, we look for algorithms which can yield extensions compatible with such initial values. We find that the best way of tackling this problem is to offer an iteration formula that takes the initial values and the attack relation and iterates a sequence of intermediate values that eventually converges leading to an extension. The properties surrounding the application of the iteration formula and its connection with other numerical and non-numerical techniques proposed (...)
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  2. D. M. Gabbay & O. Rodrigues, Probabilistic Argumentation: An Equational Approach.
    There is a generic way to add any new feature to a system. It involves identifying the basic units which build up the system and introducing the new feature to each of these basic units. In the case where the system is argumentation and the feature is probabilistic we have the following. The basic units are: the nature of the arguments involved; the membership relation in the set S of arguments; the attack relation; and the choice of extensions. Generically to (...)
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  1. Hadas Kotek, Yasutada Sudo & Martin Hackl, Experimental Investigations of Ambiguity: The Case of Most.
    In the study of natural language quantification, much recent attention has been devoted to the investigation of verification procedures associated with the proportional quantifier most. The aim of these studies is to go beyond the traditional characterization of the semantics of most, which is confined to explicating its truth-functional and presuppositional content as well as its combinatorial properties, as these aspects underdetermine the correct analysis of most. The present paper contributes to this effort by presenting new experimental evidence in support (...)
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  1. Molly Gardner, Beneficence and Procreation.
    Consider a duty of beneficence towards a particular individual, S, and call a reason that is grounded in that duty a “beneficence reason towards S.” Call a person who will be brought into existence by an act of procreation the “resultant person.” Is there ever a beneficence reason towards the resultant person for an agent to procreate? In this paper, I argue for such a reason by appealing to two main premises. First, we owe a pro tanto duty of beneficence (...)
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  2. Jada Twedt Strabbing, Attributability, Weakness of Will, and the Importance of Just Having the Capacity.
    A common objection to particular views of attributability is that they fail to account for weakness of will. In this paper, I show that the problem of weakness of will is much deeper than has been recognized, extending to all views of attributability on offer because of the general form that these views take. The fundamental problem is this: current views claim that being attributionally responsible is a matter of exercising whatever capacity that they take to be relevant to attributability; (...)
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