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Aug 30th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
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    David Haig, Sleeping Beauty in a Grain of Rice.
    In the Sleeping Beauty problem, Beauty is woken once if a coin lands heads or twice if the coin lands tails but promptly forgets each waking on returning to sleep. Philosophers have divided over whether her waking credence in heads should be a half or a third. Beauty has centered beliefs about her world and about her location in that world. When given new information about her location she should update her worldly beliefs before updating her locative beliefs. When she (...)
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volume 2014, issue , 2014
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    Elisa Galgut, Harnessing the Imagination.
    Contemporary philosophical discussion on the nature of the imagination has been influenced by recent empirical work in cognitive science. Our imaginative and emotional engagement with works of fiction has been explained by appealing to the similarities between our ordinary cognitive functioning and the workings of our imagination. Believing and imagining, it is argued, are governed by a “single code.” I argue against this claim, and suggest that our imagination – and in particular our literary imagination – in many respects functions (...)
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    Peter Shum, The Evolution and Implications of Husserl’s Account of the Imagination.
    This paper examines the phenomenological considerations which govern an important transition in the thought of Edmund Husserl, namely his gradual disenchantment with the view that acts of the imagination are given to consciousness in the manner of a semblance, and his decision to replace it with the view that they should more accurately be understood to be reproductions of non-posited perceptions. The central conclusion of this paper will be that the logic of Husserl’s own analysis points to a further phenomenological (...)
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    Abigail R. Hall, Benjamin Ginsberg, The Worth of War.
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volume 49, issue 3, 2015
  1.  33 DLs
    J. Adam Carter & Duncan Pritchard, Knowledge‐How and Epistemic Luck.
    Reductive intellectualists hold that knowledge-how is a kind of knowledge-that. For this thesis to hold water, it is obviously important that knowledge-how and knowledge-that have the same epistemic properties. In particular, knowledge-how ought to be compatible with epistemic luck to the same extent as knowledge-that. It is argued, contra reductive intellectualism, that knowledge-how is compatible with a species of epistemic luck which is not compatible with knowledge-that, and thus it is claimed that knowledge-how and knowledge-that come apart.
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    Tjerk Timan & Anders Albrechtslund, Surveillance, Self and Smartphones: Tracking Practices in the Nightlife.
    This paper is the result of the EMERGING ICT FOR CITIZEN VEILLANCE-workshop organized by the JRC, Ispra, Italy, March 2014. The aim of this paper is to explore how the subject participates in surveillance situations with a particular focus on how users experience everyday tracking technologies and practices. Its theoretical points of departure stem from Surveillance Studies in general and notions of participatory surveillance and empowering exhibitionism :199–215, 2004 ) in particular. We apply these theoretical notions on smartphones and its (...)
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    Andreas Elpidorou, Horror, Fear, and the Sartrean Account of Emotions.
    Phenomenological approaches to affectivity have long recognized the vital role that emotions occupy in our lives. In this paper, I engage with Jean-Paul Sartre’s well-known and highly influential theory of the emotions as it is advanced in his Sketch for a Theory of the Emotions. I examine whether Sartre’s account offers two inconsistent explications of the nature of emotions. I argue that despite appearances there is a reading of Sartre’s theory that is free of inconsistencies. Ultimately, I highlight a novel (...)
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    Frederick Eberhardt, Green and Grue Causal Variables.
    The causal Bayes net framework specifies a set of axioms for causal discovery. This article explores the set of causal variables that function as relata in these axioms. Spirtes showed how a causal system can be equivalently described by two different sets of variables that stand in a non-trivial translation-relation to each other, suggesting that there is no “correct” set of causal variables. I extend Spirtes’ result to the general framework of linear structural equation models and then explore to what (...)
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    P. Kyle Stanford, Unconceived Alternatives and Conservatism in Science: The Impact of Professionalization, Peer-Review, and Big Science.
    Scientific realists have suggested that changes in our scientific communities over the course of their history have rendered those communities progressively less vulnerable to the problem of unconcieved alternatives over time. I argue in response not only that the most fundamental historical transformations of the scientific enterprise have generated steadily mounting obstacles to revolutionary, transformative, or unorthodox scientific theorizing, but also that we have substantial independent evidence that the institutional apparatus of contemporary scientific inquiry fosters an exceedingly and increasingly theoretically (...)
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Manuscripts
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    Matt Farr, Tim Maudlin, Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time.
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, A Proof That There Are Infinite Truths.
    In this paper I attempt to prove, by philosophical means, that there are infinite truths.
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Aug 29th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Tyron Goldschmidt & Kenny Pearce (eds.) (forthcoming). Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.
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    Thomas Pölzler (2015). Moral Reality and the Empirical Sciences. Dissertation, University of Graz
    Are there things that are objectively right, wrong, good, bad, etc.: moral properties that are had independently of what we ourselves, our culture, God or any other subjects think about them? Philosophers have traditionally addressed this question from the “armchair.” In recent years, however, more and more participants of the debate have begun to appeal to evidence from science as well. This thesis examines such novel approaches. In particular, it asks what the empirical sciences can contribute to the moral realism/anti-realism (...)
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    Dima Mohammed, Goals in Argumentation: A Proposal for the Analysis and Evaluation of Public Political Arguments.
    In this paper, I review and compare major literature on goals in argumentation scholarship, aiming to answer the question of how to take the different goals of arguers into account when analysing and evaluating public political arguments. On the basis of the review, I suggest to differentiate between the different goals along two important distinctions: first, distinguish between goals which are intrinsic to argumentation and goals which are extrinsic to it and second distinguish between goals of the act of arguing (...)
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    David Michael Kaplan, Moving Parts: The Natural Alliance Between Dynamical and Mechanistic Modeling Approaches.
    Recently, it has been provocatively claimed that dynamical modeling approaches signal the emergence of a new explanatory framework distinct from that of mechanistic explanation. This paper rejects this proposal and argues that dynamical explanations are fully compatible with, even naturally construed as, instances of mechanistic explanations. Specifically, it is argued that the mathematical framework of dynamics provides a powerful descriptive scheme for revealing temporal features of activities in mechanisms and plays an explanatory role to the extent it is deployed for (...)
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    Günter P. Wagner, Homology and the Evolutionary Process: Reply to Haig, Love and Brown on “Homology, Genes and Evolutionary Innovation.
    This paper responds to the essay reviews by David Haig, Alan Love and Rachel Brown of my recently published book “Homology, Genes and Evolutionary Innovation”. The issues addressed here relate to: the notion of classes and individuals, issues of explanatory value of adaptive and structuralist explanations in evolutionary biology, the role of homology in evolutionary theory, the limits of a pluralist stance vis a vis alternative explanations of homology, as well as the question whether and to what extend the perspective (...)
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    Peter Shiu-Hwa Tsu, Can the Canberrans’ Supervenience Argument Refute Shapeless Moral Particularism?
    Frank Jackson, Michael Smith, and Philip Pettit contend in their 2000 paper that an argument from supervenience deals a fatal blow to _shapeless_ moral particularism, the view that the moral is shapeless with respect to the natural. A decade has passed since the Canberrans advanced their highly influential supervenience argument. Yet, there has not been any compelling counter-argument against it, as far as I can see. My aim in this paper is to fill in this void and defend SMP against (...)
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volume 80, issue 4, 2015
  1.  22 DLs
    T. Ryan Byerly & Kraig Martin, Problems for Explanationism on Both Sides.
    This paper continues a recent exchange in this journal concerning explanationist accounts of epistemic justification. In the first paper in this exchange, Byerly argues that explanationist views judge that certain beliefs about the future are unjustified when in fact they are justified. In the second paper, McCain defends a version of explanationism which he argues escapes Byerly’s criticism. Here we contribute to this exchange in two ways. In the first section, we argue that McCain’s defense of explanationism against Byerly’s objection (...)
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    J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos, Active Externalism and Epistemic Internalism.
    Internalist approaches to epistemic justification are, though controversial, considered a live option in contemporary epistemology. Accordingly, if ‘active’ externalist approaches in the philosophy of mind—e.g. the extended cognition and extended mind theses—are _in principle_ incompatible with internalist approaches to justification in epistemology, then this will be an epistemological strike against, at least the _prima facie_ appeal of, active externalism. It is shown here however that, contrary to pretheoretical intuitions, neither the extended cognition _nor_ the extended mind theses are in principle (...)
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    Dustin Lazarovici & Paula Reichert, Typicality, Irreversibility and the Status of Macroscopic Laws.
    We discuss Boltzmann’s probabilistic explanation of the second law of thermodynamics providing a comprehensive presentation of what is called today the _typicality account_. Countering its misconception as an alternative explanation, we examine the relation between Boltzmann’s H-theorem and the general typicality argument demonstrating the conceptual continuity between the two. We then discuss the philosophical dimensions of the concept of typicality and its relevance for scientific reasoning in general, in particular for understanding the reduction of macroscopic laws to microscopic laws. Finally, (...)
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    Phillip John Meadows, Holes Cannot Be Counted as Immaterial Objects.
    In this paper I argue that the theory that holes are immaterial objects faces an objection that has traditionally been thought to be the principal difficulty with its main rival, which construes holes as material parts of material objects. Consequently, one of the principal advantages of identifying holes with immaterial objects is illusory: its apparent ease of accounting for truths about number of holes. I argue that in spite of this we should not think of holes as material parts of (...)
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    Ulrich E. Stegmann, Prospects for Probabilistic Theories of Natural Information.
    Much recent work on natural information has focused on probabilistic theories, which construe natural information as a matter of probabilistic relations between events or states. This paper assesses three variants of probabilistic theories. I distinguish between probabilistic theories as attempts to reveal why probabilistic relations are important for human and non-human animals and as explications of the information concept employed in the sciences. I argue that the strength of probabilistic theories lies in the first project. Probability-raising can enable organisms to (...)
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    Jonathan Tallant, Immodest and Proud.
    In his ‘Ambitious, Yet Modest, Metaphysics’, Hofweber puts forward arguments against positions in metaphysics that he describes as ‘immodest’; a position he identifies as defended by Jonathan Lowe. In this paper I reply to Hofweber’s arguments, offering a defence of immodest metaphysics of the type practiced by Lowe inter alia.
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volume 64, issue , 2015
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    Ignacio Avila, Percepción y Pensamiento Espacial: La Veta Reduccionista Del Enfoque Enactivo.
    En este ensayo exploro cierta veta reduccionista del enfoque enactivo de Noë. Primero argumento que su concepción de nuestro encuentro perceptual con las propiedades intrínsecas de los objetos requiere una metafísica relacional revisionista para ser exitosa. Luego argumento que la propuesta de Noë sobre el rol de la percepción para el pensamiento espacial exige una concepción revisionista de nuestros conceptos espaciales cotidianos. Finalmente, sugiero que a la base de estas formas de revisionismo está una comprensión reduccionista de la egocentricidad perceptual (...)
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forthcoming articles
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    Anita Soboleva, Judges as Readers, Authors and Dialecticians: Legal Interpretation in the ECtHR Cases on Mental Disability.
    The wording of major human rights texts—constitutions and international treaties—is very similar in those provisions, which guarantee everyone the right to family, privacy, protection against discrimination and arbitrary detention, and the right to access the court. However, judges of lower national courts, constitutional judges and judges of the European Court of Human Rights often read the same or seemingly the same texts differently. This difference in interpretation gives rise not only to disputes about the hierarchy of interpretative authorities, but to (...)
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volume 13, issue 3, 2015
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    Tricia Bertram Gallant, Nancy Binkin & Michael Donohue, Students at Risk for Being Reported for Cheating.
    Student cheating has always been a problem in higher education, but detection of cheating has become easier with technology. As a result, more students are being caught and reported for cheating. While reporting cheating is not a negative, the rippling effects of reported cheating may be felt by some populations more than others. Thus, preventing cheating would be a preferable option for all involved. Identifying those at risk for being reported for cheating is a first step in developing preventive measures. (...)
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    Nicole Kashian, Shannon M. Cruz, Jeong-woo Jang & Kami J. Silk, Evaluation of an Instructional Activity to Reduce Plagiarism in the Communication Classroom.
    Plagiarism is a prevalent form of academic dishonesty in the undergraduate instructional context. Although students engage in plagiarism with some frequency, instructors often do little to help students understand the significance of plagiarism or to create assignments that reduce its likelihood. This study reports survey, coding, and TurnItIn software results from an evaluation of an instructional activity designed to help students improve their understanding of plagiarism, the consequences of plagiarizing, strategies to help them engage in ethical writing, and key citation (...)
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    Belinda Kenny, Michelle Lincoln & Felicity Killian, Ethics Cases: Do They Elicit Different Levels of Ethical Reasoning?
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    Jeffrey Overall, Stop Drinking the Kool-Aid: The Academic Journal Review Process in the Social Sciences Is Broken, Let’s Fix It.
    Rooted in altruism theory, the purpose of the double-blind academic journal peer-review process is to: assess the quality of scientific research, minimize the potential for nepotism, and; advance the standards of research through high-quality, constructive feedback. However, considering the limited, if any, public recognition and monetary incentives that referees receive for reviewing manuscripts, academics are often reluctant to squander their limited time toward peer reviewing manuscripts. If they do accept such invitations, referees, at times, do not invest the appropriate time (...)
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    Jennifer Tatebe, The Ethics of Difference: Ethical Dilemmas of External Researchers.
    This paper examines the ethics review process for external researchers. Analysis of some ethical concerns and dilemmas experienced while conducting a multi-site study illustrates the complexities of researching in different contexts. Reflections on identity politics, and ethics review policies and practices expose the tensions between research ethics as a process, and development of ethical thinking and practice. The article concludes by articulating a new vision of ethics reviews for external researchers, which emphasise the need to develop long-term ethical thinking and (...)
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forthcoming articles
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    Aurélie Roussary, Bruno Bouet & Denis Salles, Of Mice and Men: European Precautionary Standards Challenged by Uncertainty.
    For several years, the official European method for deciding whether or not shellfish were fit for human consumption was the mouse bioassay, which was eventually replaced by chemical testing. In this paper, we examine the process of this change, looking at how devices of social, technical, and organisational risk management were re-negotiated locally, nationally, and across the continent. We also show how the political decision to replace a precautionary standard with a management-vigilance device was the result of various dynamics. These (...)
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volume 5, issue 2, 2015
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    Jennifer Clements, How Science Fiction Helps Us Reimagine Our Moral Relations with Animals.
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    Daniel A. Dombrowski, Are Nonhuman Animals Persons? A Process Theistic Response.
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    Rachel L. Austin and Clifton P. Flynn, Traversing the Gap Between Religion and Animal Rights: Framing and Networks as a Conceptual Bridge.
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    William Greenway, Peter Singer, Emmanuel Levinas, Christian Agape, and the Spiritual Heart of Animal Liberation.
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    Jeff Johnson, Humanely Killed?
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    Robert Patrick Stone Lazo, Lucretius’s Venus and Epicurean Compassion Toward Nondomesticated Animals.
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    Steven McMullen, Is Capitalism to Blame? Animal Lives in the Marketplace.
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    Maureen O'Sullivan, Review Article: Ethical Issues of Mammoth Proportions? Reviving and Re-Engineering the Extinct.
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    Lidia de Tienda Palop, Review Article Ameliorating Nonhuman Animals’ Lives: Erin McKenna’s Pets, People, and Pragmatism.
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forthcoming articles
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    Cécile Laborde, Religion in the Law: The Disaggregation Approach.
    Should religion be singled out in the law? This Article evaluates two influential theories of freedom of religion in political theory, before introducing an alternative one. The first approach, the _Substitution_ approach, argues that freedom of religion can be adequately expressed by a substitute category: typically, freedom of conscience. The second, the _Proxy_ approach, argues that the notion of religion should be upheld in the law, albeit as a proxy for a range of different goods. After showing that neither approach (...)
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