New books and articles

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Jun 28th 2016 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Ciro De Florio & Aldo Frigerio, The Costs of Ockhamism.
    This paper has a twofold aim. The first is to offer a precise definition of soft fact. Without such definition it is impossible to assess the Ockhamist solution to the problem of divine foreknowledge and human freedom in an accurate way. The second purpose is to identify the costs of such a solution, distinguishing them from some of the other costs usually ascribed to Ockhamism, which Ockhamism does not actually need to pay. In particular, it is argued that Ockhamism is (...)
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  2. Jaeho Lee, The Metaphysical Requirement for Models of Prediction and Explanationist Approaches to the Problem of Induction.
    David Armstrong once argued that to solve the problem of induction with inference to the best explanation we need an anti-Humean conception of law. Some Humeans have argued that this argument begs the question against Humeanism. In this paper, I propose a new argument for the same conclusion which is not vulnerable to this criticism. In particular, I argue that explanationist approaches to the problem of induction that are combined with Humeanism is internally incoherent.
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  1. Philip A. Reed, Hume on Sympathy and Agreeable Qualities.
    ABSTRACTHume says that sympathy is the source of our moral feeling of approval for useful qualities. But does Hume give the same psychological explanation of our approval of immediately agreeable qualities as he does to our approval of useful qualities? Does he trace our moral approbation of immediately agreeable qualities to sympathy? Some commentators, including Rachel Cohon and Don Garrett, argue that he does not. Let us call this view the ‘narrow view’ of sympathy in contrast to the ‘wide view’ (...)
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volume 40, issue 4, 2016
  1. Karl Ridgeway, Michael C. Mozer & Anita R. Bowles, Forgetting of Foreign‐Language Skills: A Corpus‐Based Analysis of Online Tutoring Software.
    We explore the nature of forgetting in a corpus of 125,000 students learning Spanish using the Rosetta Stone® foreign-language instruction software across 48 lessons. Students are tested on a lesson after its initial study and are then retested after a variable time lag. We observe forgetting consistent with power function decay at a rate that varies across lessons but not across students. We find that lessons which are better learned initially are forgotten more slowly, a correlation which likely reflects a (...)
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  1. Tom Sorell, Online Grooming and Preventive Justice.
    In England and Wales, Section 15 of the Sexual Offences Act criminalizes the act of meeting a child—someone under 16—after grooming. The question to be pursued in this paper is whether grooming—I confine myself to online grooming—is justly criminalized. I shall argue that it is. One line of thought will be indirect. I shall first try to rebut a general argument against the criminalization of acts that are preparatory to the commission of serious offences. Grooming is one such act, but (...)
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  1. Liam Kofi Bright, Decision Theoretic Model of the Productivity Gap.
    Using a decision theoretic model of scientists’ time allocation between potential research projects I explain the fact that on average women scientists publish less research papers than men scientists. If scientists are incentivised to publish as many papers as possible, then it is necessary and sufficient for a productivity gap to arise that women scientists anticipate harsher treatment of their manuscripts than men scientists anticipate for their manuscripts. I present evidence that women do expect harsher treatment and that scientists’ are (...)
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volume 4, issue 2, 2016
  1. Augustine Akwu Atabor, Postmodernism and Objectivity in the Social Sciences: Redressing Nweke’s Understanding of Atabor.
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  2. Mesembe Ita Edet, Book Review -The Limitations of Bernard Matolino’s “Limited Communitarianism”: Continuing the Conversations on Personhood in African Philosophy. [REVIEW]
    A review of [Personhood in African Philosophy] 2014. Cluster Publications: Pietermaritzburg. Paperback. Pp 192 Author: Bernard Matolino Discipline: African Philosophy Category: African Philosophy ISBN: 978 1 920620 059 Price: Not stated. Reviewer: Mesembe Ita EDET, PhD Department of Philosophy University of Calabar Calabar – Nigeria.
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  3. Christian C. Emedolu, From Magic to African Experimental Science: Toward a New Paradigm.
    This paper assumes that there is a distinction between empirical and non-empirical science. It also assumes that empirical science has two complementary parts, namely, theorization and experimentation. The paper focuses strictly on the experimental aspect of science. It is a call for reformation in African experimental science. Following a deep historical understanding of the revolution that brought about experimental philosophy this paper admits that magic was the mother, not just the “bastard sister” of empirical science. It uncovers the fact that (...)
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  4. Victor C. A. Nweke, David A. Oyedola and the Imperative to Disambiguate the Term “African Philosopher”: A Conversation From the Standpoint of the Conversational School of Philosophy – The Calabar Circle.
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  5. Cyril-Mary Pius Olatunji, A Philosophical Critique of Ignocentric Search for Political Messiah in Nigeria.
    Many of the philosophers of African politics who have argued that the political challenges of Nigeria, and of Africa as a whole are as a result of the impunity and corruption of post-independence Nigeria leaders also give the impression that the people of Nigeria are mere innocent victims because in their arguments all the ills of the Nigerian state exist only because the country have not experienced or discovered an honest and capable political leader. The scholars argue to the effect (...)
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  6. David A. Oyedola, Appiah on Race and Identity in the Illusions of Race: A Rejoinder.
    Whether Appiah’s concession in [The Illusions of Race, 1992] that there are no races can stand vis-a-vis Masolo’s submission in “African Philosophy and the Postcolonial: some Misleadingions about Identity” that identity is impossible, it is worthy to note that much of what is entailed in human societies tend toward the exaltation and protection of self-interest. Self-interest, as it is related to particular or individual entities, to a great extent, presupposes the ontology of different races and identities. Paul Taylor in “Appiah’s (...)
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  7. Olatunji A. Oyeshile, Modernity, Islam and an African Culture.
    The human quest for the meaning of life is an unending one marked by undulating landscapes. In order to confront the flux of experience generated by this quest for meaning, the human embraces science, morality, politics and religion. Religion is said to provide the basis for transcendental values which give humans succour after the physical and material struggles have ended. At the same time, religion also uses the observable social world as the starting point for the embrace of transcendental values. (...)
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  1. Janusz Gluza & Jerzy Kosek, Pilot-Wave Quantum Theory in Discrete Space and Time and the Principle of Least Action.
    The idea of obtaining a pilot-wave quantum theory on a lattice with discrete time is presented. The motion of quantum particles is described by a \-distributed Markov chain. Stochastic matrices of the process are found by the discrete version of the least-action principle. Probability currents are the consequence of Hamilton’s principle and the stochasticity of the Markov process is minimized. As an example, stochastic motion of single particles in a double-slit experiment is examined.
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  1. Michael Hennessy Picard, “Iraqnophobia”: A Biomedical History of State-Rearing and Shock Doctrine in Iraq.
    The history of Western foreign policy in the Middle East has long assimilated Arab culture to sickness. Specifically, the biological episteme of “contamination” has shaped American foreign policy in the Gulf for decades. In so doing, the US Government continually borrowed references from the natural sciences to frame its foreign policy, leading some commentators to claim that biology supplanted philosophy and religion as the primary political category. The article analyses the semantics of Iraqnophobic metaphors, from the British experience of “nursing” (...)
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  1. Daniela C. Wilks, José Neves Cruz & Pedro Sousa, Personality Traits and Plagiarism: An Empirical Study with Portuguese Undergraduate Students.
    Academic dishonesty is a major problem and is thus a highly relevant area of inquiry. Considerable research has shown that key traits from the Big Five model of personality are associated with various forms of anti-social behaviour. To date, however, relatively little research interest has been devoted to study the relationship between personality traits and plagiarism. This study attempts to fill this gap by examining the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and the inclination to commit plagiarism by undergraduate (...)
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volume 44, issue 3, 2016
  1. James Kimball, The Relationship Between the Bhāva.
    The relationship between the two classical Sāṃkhya paradigms of the conditions and the intellectual creation has been a matter of debate since the early days of modern Indology. The precise role of each of these paradigms in the broader Sāṃkhya system, as well as the relationship between them, is unclear from the text of Īśvarakṛṣṇa’s Sāṃ khyakārikā, and most of the classical commentaries on this text offer little clarification. Of these commentaries, the anonymous Yuktidīpikā provides the most detailed and extensive (...)
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volume 24, issue 2, 2016
  1. Luigi Caranti, Kantian Peace and Liberal Peace: Three Concerns.
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  1. Ran Hirschl, Early Engagements with the Constitutive Laws of Others: Possible Lessons From Pre-Modern Religious Law.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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  2. Karin Carmit Yefet, Synagogue and State in the Israeli Military: A Story of “Inappropriate Integration”.
    Journal Name: The Law & Ethics of Human Rights Issue: Ahead of print.
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volume 31, issue 3, 2016
  1. Christian Burgers, Britta C. Brugman, Kiki Y. Renardel de Lavalette & Gerard J. Steen, HIP: A Method for Linguistic Hyperbole Identification in Discourse.
    ABSTRACTThis article introduces the Hyperbole Identification Procedure, a first systematic method for identifying linguistic hyperbole in discourse. We start by comparing existing definitions of linguistic hyperbole. Based on the commonalities shared by these definitions, we provide our operational definition of hyperbole as “an expression that is more extreme than justified given its ontological referent.” The next section argues why it is useful to identify hyperbole, as with metaphor in Metaphor Identification Procedure Vrije Universiteit, at the level of lexical units, and (...)
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  2. Anita Yen Chiang & Wen-yu Chiang, Behold, I Am Coming Soon! A Study on the Conceptualization of Sexual Orgasm in 27 Languages.
    ABSTRACTThis study explores how sexual orgasm is conceptualized in 27 languages and proposes an ideal cognitive model for sexual desire. Specifically, the study has identified that the conceptual metaphors, conceptual metonymies, and related concepts manifested in the terms and announcements for orgasm can be categorized into orgasm as a physiological response, orgasm as a psychological state, and orgasm as an ideal goal. We also observed that languages tend to conceptualize orgasm as a physiological response in the terms for orgasm; whereas (...)
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  3. Martí Domínguez, The Metaphorical New Synthesis: Toward an Eco-Evolutionary Theory of Metaphors.
    ABSTRACTMetaphors are a genuinely human construction. They are used to improve communication and they are a very powerful tool that might have an influence in human evolution. In this article I argue that metaphors, transformed in powerful memes, adapt to a new communicative niche and contribute to transform it. In order to prove this hypothesis, I study 319 cartoons published in the wake of the Germanwings air crash, where I inventory 144 metaphors. The study shows the conceptual metaphor evolution for (...)
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  4. Jennifer Yameng Liang, Kay O’Halloran & Sabine Tan, Where Do I Come From? Metaphors in Sex Education Picture Books for Young Children in China.
    ABSTRACTThis study examines the types of verbal, pictorial, and multimodal metaphors in the genre of sex education picture books for young children in Mainland China. Although being an educational discourse genre that is essentially concerned with transmitting scientific facts, sex education picture books employ a range of metaphors that categorize and construe the biological knowledge of human reproduction in a way that not only facilitates young children’s understanding of scientific concepts but also instills in them particular values and moralities that (...)
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  1. Sarah A. Laird & Rachel P. Wynberg, Locating Responsible Research and Innovation Within Access and Benefit Sharing Spaces of the Convention on Biological Diversity: The Challenge of Emerging Technologies.
    This paper reviews the location of Responsible Research and Innovation approaches within the access and benefit sharing policy spaces of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Nagoya Protocol. We describe how a range of dialogues on ethical research practices found a home, almost inadvertently, within the ABS policy process. However, more recent RRI dialogues around emerging technologies have not been similarly absorbed into ABS policy, due in part to the original framing of ABS and associated definitional and scope issues. Consideration (...)
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  1. Gulzaar Barn, Can Medical Interventions Serve as ‘Criminal Rehabilitation’?
    ‘Moral bioenhancement’ refers to the use of pharmaceuticals and other direct brain interventions to enhance ‘moral’ traits such as ‘empathy,’ and alter any ‘morally problematic’ dispositions, such as ‘aggression.’ This is believed to result in improved moral responses. In a recent paper, Tom Douglas considers whether medical interventions of this sort could be “provided as part of the criminal justice system’s response to the commission of crime, and for the purposes of facilitating rehabilitation : 101–122, 2014).” He suggests that they (...)
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  1. Oliver Hallich, A Plea Against Apologies.
    What, if anything, gives us the right to ask the victim of our wrongdoing for forgiveness? After some conceptual clarifications, I attempt to lay open a paradoxical structure in apologies. Apologies are made in a spirit of humility: if the offender recognizes his guilt, he will see the victim᾽s negative emotions towards him as proper and justified. Nevertheless, by begging for forgiveness, he tries to change the victim᾽s negative feelings towards him. Thus, by apologizing, the offender tries to bring about (...)
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volume 21, issue 2, 2015
  1. Redakcja Rfi, Nominacja profesorska.
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  1. Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, Multiple First Authors as Equal Contributors: Is It Ethical?
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  2. Paolo Gonthier, Ivan Visentin, Danila Valentino, Giacomo Tamietti & Francesca Cardinale, The Legitimate Name of a Fungal Plant Pathogen and the Ethics of Publication in the Era of Traceability.
    When more scientists describe independently the same species under different valid Latin names, a case of synonymy occurs. In such a case, the international nomenclature rules stipulate that the first name to appear on a peer-reviewed publication has priority over the others. Based on a recent episode involving priority determination between two competing names of the same fungal plant pathogen, this letter wishes to open a discussion on the ethics of scientific publications and points out the necessity of a correct (...)
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  3. Lisa Loikith & Robert Bauchwitz, The Essential Need for Research Misconduct Allegation Audits.
    Nearly 90 % of allegations of biomedical research misconduct in the United States are dismissed by responsible institutions without any faculty assessment or auditable record. Recently, members of the U.S. Congress have complained that the penalties for those against whom findings of research misconduct are made are too light and that too few grant funds associated with research misconduct have been recovered for use by other researchers and taxpayers. Here we discuss the laws that empower the federal agencies that can (...)
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  1. Ernst D. Thoutenhoofd, New Techniques of Difference: On Data as School Pupils.
    Pupils—the learners of both educational thought and of educational practice—exist ever more as data, as do the strictures and goals through which these pupils are pedagogically managed. I elaborate this thought by way of a single example: a particular kind of pupils whose number is reportedly on the increase, namely pupils diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In my analysis I combine Hacking’s nominalist conception of human kinds and Weber’s instrumental rationalism with recent thinking about the effects of digital technologies (...)
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  1. Ruth Groff, Sublating the Free Will Problematic: Powers, Agency and Causal Determination.
    I argue that realism about causal powers sublates the passivist, Humean-inflected free will problematic. In the first part of the paper I show that adopting what I call ‘powers-non-determinism’ reconfigures the conceptual terrain with respect to the causation component of the contemporary problematic. In part two I show how adopting ‘powers-non-determinism’ significantly alters the nature of the discussion with respect to the agency component of the problematic. In part three I compare ‘powers-non-determinism’ to an otherwise- Humean agent causal position.
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volume 65, issue ?, 2016
  1. В. Г Воронкова, Регіна Андрюкайтене, М. Ю Максименко & В. О Нікітенко, Формування концепції гуманістичного менеджменту та її вплив на розвиток людського потенціалу в умовах глобалізації та євроінтеграції.
    Analyzes the concept of humanistic management, disclosed its problems and on this basis developed ways and directions of increase of efficiency of humanistic management. Humanistic management is a new type of management activity, which should be aimed at solving the problems of socìoantropologìčnogo nature. Developed a new management paradigm of humanistic management, which includes the principles of humanism and lûdinocentrizmu and is formed on the basis of science, culture, education and new management technologies. The concept of humanistic management is defined (...)
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  2. Р. И Олексенко, В. В Молодыченко & Г. Г Таранекно, Аксиодуховная составляющая в становлении и гармонизации социо-культурного бытия человека.
    The article deals with the culture as a complex of values, characteristics, norms, knowledge and things. The attention is drawn to the fact that the atmosphere of cultural genesis and human being’s openness is provided by the values and cultural norms, art, morals, and spiritual sphere achievements. The article analyzes the myth as the basis of the culture and world perception, as a unity of various phenomena and processes diversity. The author proves the idea that different types of the myth (...)
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  3. К. І Карпенко & Рут Хагенгрубер, Взаємовплив економіки та екології у феміністському дискурсі.
    In the paper it is analyzed the uncritical perception of the qualitatively new environmental situation, which is primarily a consequence of stereotypes about inexhaustible natural resources. But no less of the threats are gender stereotypes that causing the nature of interaction between nature and man, substantially inhibit the resolving of the environmental and economic problems. Feminist perspective on the relationship of ecology and economy includes a requirement of fundamental structural transformation changes of the current neo-liberal, exclusive development model that perpetuates (...)
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  4. Олена Михайлівна Троїцька, Діалог і діалогічність в культурно-освітньому просторі: Філософські засади.
    The systemic approach to the usage of scientific methods in research, interdisciplinary synthesis and methodological reflexion made possible to determine and ground the principle issues on philosophical conceptualization of dialogueness and dialogue. These ideas can be taken as theoretical-methodological rules of learning and organization of dialogical cultural-educational practices. The methodologem which demands considering the dialogue in philosophical context as an integral entirety and unity of dialogueness and dialogical interaction with the world was explicated. Its application in scientific search is impossible (...)
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  5. Д. М Скальська, Філософсько-антропологічні пріоритети у підготовці фахівців нафтогазового профілю.
    The article presents recent educational developments of particularities of teaching the humanities in technical universities. The philosophical and anthropological priorities and innovations in shaping the scientific outlook of future oil and gas industry professionals are revealed. It has been proved that modernization and reform of education in the humanities, particularly those that are taught while training students majoring in engineering require constant improvements and aestheticization. In general complex of the human sciences aesthetics has proved to be the "culture of values", (...)
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  6. О. О Чубарева, Естетичне в житті сучасного суспільства і людини.
    Analyzes the nature, essence and aesthetic role in modern society, including youth and students; The author argues that among the many important landmarks of human axiological special place and role is an aesthetic component. This is understandable. The main difference from the animal world it is an aesthetic relationship to reality, its ability to transform the laws of beauty. The aesthetic is in flesh and blood person, humanist defines its relationship to nature, society and himself, encourages activity, creativity. Nowadays aesthetic (...)
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  7. І. І Дуднікова, Вплив людських чинників на глобальні екологічні зміни в умовах глобального розвитку людства.
    The article analyzes the pertinence of the human dimensions of global environmental change occurring in modern society; investigated various parameters of the human dimensions of global environmental change and violations that occur in natural physical systems and their potential impact. Are the evaluation of global environmental conditions and changes. Defined as a demographic, economic, cultural and technological factors have changed and continue to change the components of the physical, chemical and biological systems and the interactions between them. Revealed the level (...)
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  8. О. В Литвинчук, Трансформації ідентичностей у контексті адаптивних процесів.
    We all live in a common space crisis society, in which worlds coexist in different segments of the population. The vital question of human adaptation in modern conditions is extremely important. The world is so variable and unstable that it radically changes the whole system of human value priorities on which today objectively required such human qualities that are considered rare. People who identify themselves with various social groups in different ways to see what is happening in society, their worlds (...)
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  9. В. І Муляр, Феномен гармонії: Концептуальні моделі піфагора та геракліта.
    Harmony, as one of the widespread terms of ancient Greek mythology and one of the key notions, as well as the basic methodological principle of ancient Greek Philosophy is analyzed. The mosaicity of philosophical ideas as for the harmony phenomenon was concentrated around two conceptual approaches proposed by Pifagor and Heraclite. Though, these ideas have much in common in methodological sense, Pifagor’s and Heraclite’s conceptions are qualitatively different and even contrary in the explanation of harmony essence and its role and (...)
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  10. Н. В Іванова, Мислення як фактор розвитку новоєвропейської культури і науки.
    В статті досліджується ґенеза мислення в новоєвропейському періоді розвитку філософії і науки. Показано, що завдяки включенню науки в реалії практичного життя починають вибудовуватися моделі соціальної поведінки індивідів, активізуються пізнавальні процеси, завдяки яким перетворюються форми людського існування та діяльності. Зазначається, що культура постає як система, яка породжує смисли, без яких будь-яке знання є аморфним і несуттєвим для реалізації потреб людини і суспільства. Альтернативний і, разом з тим, взаємопов’язаний процес становлення науки і культури є умовою формування новоєвропейського мислення, де здійснюється звільнення індивідуального (...)
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