New books and articles

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Sep 22nd 2014 GMT
New books
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    Steven Churchill & Jack Reynolds (eds.) (2014). Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts (Kindle E-Book Edition). Routledge.
    Most readers of Sartre focus only on the works written at the peak of his influence as a public intellectual in the 1940s, notably "Being and Nothingness". "Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts" aims to reassess Sartre and to introduce readers to the full breadth of his philosophy. Bringing together leading international scholars, the book examines concepts from across Sartre's career, from his initial views on the "inner life" of conscious experience, to his later conceptions of hope as the binding agent for (...)
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    Robin McKenna, Shifting Targets and Disagreements.
    Shifting Targets and Disagreements. . ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/00048402.2014.891145.
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volume 51, issue 4, 2014
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    Brannon McDaniel, A Defense of Lucretianism.
    According to the presentist, it is always the case that the only existing objects are those that exist at the present time, and the only properties and relations that are instantiated are those that are instantiated at the present time. The truth-supervenes-on-being thesis (TSB) is that there can be no difference in what is true without a corresponding difference in what exists and in what properties and relations are instantiated. The truth-supervenes-on-being objection says that presentism cannot accommodate TSB. Lucretianism is (...)
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volume 38, issue 7, 2014
  1. Molly Babel & Grant McGuire, Perceptual Fluency and Judgments of Vocal Aesthetics and Stereotypicality.
    Research has shown that processing dynamics on the perceiver's end determine aesthetic pleasure. Specifically, typical objects, which are processed more fluently, are perceived as more attractive. We extend this notion of perceptual fluency to judgments of vocal aesthetics. Vocal attractiveness has traditionally been examined with respect to sexual dimorphism and the apparent size of a talker, as reconstructed from the acoustic signal, despite evidence that gender-specific speech patterns are learned social behaviors. In this study, we report on a series of (...)
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  2. Alexia Galati & Marios N. Avraamides, Social and Representational Cues Jointly Influence Spatial Perspective‐Taking.
    We examined how social cues (the conversational partner's viewpoint) and representational ones (the intrinsic structure of a spatial layout) jointly shape people's spatial memory representations and their subsequent descriptions. In 24 pairs, Directors studied an array with a symmetrical structure while either knowing their Matcher's subsequent viewpoint or not. During the subsequent description of the array, the array's intrinsic structure was aligned with the Director, the Matcher, or neither partner. According to memory tests preceding descriptions, Directors who had studied the (...)
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  3. Judith Koehne & Matthew W. Crocker, The Interplay of Cross‐Situational Word Learning and Sentence‐Level Constraints.
    A variety of mechanisms contribute to word learning. Learners can track co-occurring words and referents across situations in a bottom-up manner (cross-situational word learning, CSWL). Equally, they can exploit sentential contexts, relying on top–down information such as verb–argument relations and world knowledge, offering immediate constraints on meaning (word learning based on sentence-level constraints, SLCL). When combined, CSWL and SLCL potentially modulate each other's influence, revealing how word learners deal with multiple mechanisms simultaneously: Do they use all mechanisms? Prefer one? Is (...)
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  4. Lauren A. M. Lebois, Christine D. Wilson‐Mendenhall & Lawrence W. Barsalou, Are Automatic Conceptual Cores the Gold Standard of Semantic Processing? The Context‐Dependence of Spatial Meaning in Grounded Congruency Effects.
    According to grounded cognition, words whose semantics contain sensory-motor features activate sensory-motor simulations, which, in turn, interact with spatial responses to produce grounded congruency effects (e.g., processing the spatial feature of up for sky should be faster for up vs. down responses). Growing evidence shows these congruency effects do not always occur, suggesting instead that the grounded features in a word's meaning do not become active automatically across contexts. Researchers sometimes use this as evidence that concepts are not grounded, further (...)
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volume 21, issue 3, 2014
  1. Albena Azmanova, Crisis? Capitalism is Doing Very Well. How is Critical Theory?
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  2. Robin Celikates, Civil Disobedience and Deliberative Democracy. By William Smith. Routledge, 2013, 166 Pp. [REVIEW]
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  3. Jennifer M. Denbow, Reproductive Autonomy, Counter‐Conduct, and the Juridical.
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  4. Petra Gümplová, Rethinking Resistance with Václav Havel.
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  5. Ina Kerner, The Epistemology of Resistance: Gender and Racial Oppression, Epistemic Injustice, and Resistant Imagination. By José Medina. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
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  6. Amy Kim, The Vicissitudes of Critique: The Decline and Reemergence of the Problem of Capitalism.
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  7. Shmuel Lederman, Agonism and Deliberation in Arendt.
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  8. Ferdinando G. Menga, The Seduction of Radical Democracy. Deconstructing Hannah Arendt's Political Discourse.
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  9. Alexei Procyshyn, Manifest Reason: Walter Benjamin on Violence and Collective Agency.
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  10. Uri Ram, Globalization and Sovereignty: Rethinking Legality, Legitimacy and Constitutionalism. By Jean Cohen. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, 453pp. [REVIEW]
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  11. Manu Samnotra, “Sensitive to Shame”: Hannah Arendt on Becoming Worldly.
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  12. Enzo Traverso, Rethinking the Nineteenth Century On Jürgen Osterhammel, The Transformation of the World.
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volume 22, issue 2, 2014
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    Edward S. Hinchman, Narrative and the Stability of Intention.
    This paper addresses a problem concerning the rational stability of intention. When you form an intention to φ at some future time t, you thereby make it subjectively rational for you to follow through and φ at t, even if—hypothetically—you would abandon the intention were you to redeliberate at t. It is hard to understand how this is possible. Shouldn't the perspective of your acting self be what determines what is then subjectively rational for you? I aim to solve this (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Jianmin Ji & Fangzhen Lin, Position Systems in Dynamic Domains.
    A dynamic domain consists of a set of legal states and a transition function that maps states to states. AI formalisms for specifying dynamic domains have so far focused on describing the effects of actions, that is, the transition functions. In this paper we propose a notion of characteristic set of position systems for the purpose of describing legal states. A position system for a type of objects is a set of properties that are mutually exclusive, and that in each (...)
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volume 48, issue 3, 2014
  1. Wouter Sanderse, An Aristotelian Model of Moral Development.
    Despite the Aristotelian renaissance in the philosophy of education, the development of virtue has not received much attention. This is unfortunate, because an attempt to draft an Aristotelian model of moral development can help philosophers to evaluate the contribution Aristotelian virtue ethics can make to our understanding of moral development, provide psychologists with a potentially richer account of morality and its development, and help educators to understand the developmental phase people are in. In the article, it is argued that the (...)
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Manuscripts
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    Amit Hagar, Ed Fredkin and the Physics of Information - An Inside Story of an Outsider Scientist.
    This article tells the story of Ed Fredkin, a pilot, programmer, engineer, hardware designer and entrepreneur, whose work inside and outside academia has influenced major developments in computer science and in the foundations of theoretical physics for the past fifty years.
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Sep 21st 2014 GMT
New books
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    E. Ippoliti (ed.) (2014). Heuristic Reasoning. Springer.
    reasoning is a risk-aversion strategy: it aims at minimizing as much as possible the possibility of doing mistakes, but in order to reach this goal it pays a cost, that is the fact that the novel epistemic gain it offers is small or negligible.
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    Eric L. Hutton (2014). Xunzi: The Complete Text. Princeton University Press.
     
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    Ben Bronner, Maps and Absent Symbols.
    ABSENCE is the claim that, if a symbol appears on a map, then absence of the symbol from some map coordinate signifies absence of the corresponding property from the corresponding location. This claim is highly intuitive and widely endorsed. And if it is true, then cartographic representation is strikingly different from linguistic representation. I argue, however, that ABSENCE is false of various maps and that we have no reason to believe it is true of any maps. The intuition to the (...)
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  1. Martin Smith, Evidential Incomparability and the Principle of Indifference.
    The Principle of Indifference (POI) was once regarded as a linchpin of probabilistic reasoning, but has now fallen into disrepute as a result of the so-called problem of multiple of partitions. In ‘Evidential symmetry and mushy credence’ Roger White suggests that we have been too quick to jettison this principle and argues that the problem of multiple partitions rests on a mistake. In this paper I will criticise White’s attempt to revive POI. In so doing, I will argue that what (...)
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  1. George Crowder, Value Pluralism, Diversity and Liberalism.
    Few would disagree that contemporary society is characterized by ‘pluralism’, but what this means is widely disputed. Among the many senses of pluralism current in contemporary political theory, ‘value pluralism’ is one of the most keenly contested. The classic account is found in Isaiah Berlin, who sees basic human values as irreducibly multiple, often conflicting, and sometimes incommensurable with one another.Berlin’s pluralist views are scattered throughout his work, but major statements include the Introduction and last section of ‘Two Concepts of (...)
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  1. Travis Dumsday, Why Pan-Dispositionalism is Incompatible with Metaphysical Naturalism.
    Pan-dispositionalism is one of the major theories in current analytic metaphysics concerning dispositional properties (i.e., causal powers / capacities / abilities) and how they relate to categorical properties (i.e., non-dispositional properties, paradigm cases of which include shape, size, structure etc.). According to pan-dispositionalists, all fundamental properties are dispositional in nature, such that any supposed categorical properties are either unreal or reducible in some way to the dispositional. I argue that if pan-dispositionalism is true then metaphysical naturalism (roughly the view that (...)
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    Moti Mizrahi, Phenomenal Conservatism and Self-Defeat Arguments: A Reply to Huemer.
    In this paper, I respond to Michael Huemer’s reply to my objection against Phenomenal Conservatism (PC). I have argued that Huemer’s Self-defeat Argument for PC does not favor PC over competing theories of basic propositional justification, since analogous self-defeat arguments can be constructed for competing theories. Huemer responds that such analogous self-defeat arguments are unsound. In this paper, I argue that Huemer’s reply does not save his Self-defeat Argument for PC from my original objection.
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  1. Emily R. Grosholz, Carlo Cellucci. Rethinking Logic: Logic in Relation to Mathematics, Evolution and Method. Dordrecht: Springer, 2013. ISBN: 978-94-007-6090-5 (Hbk); 978-94-007-6091-2 (E-Book). Pp. Xv + 389. [REVIEW]
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  2. Oran Magal, Wilfried Sieg. Hilbert's Programs and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. ISBN 978-0-19-537222-9 (Hbk); 978-0-19-970715-7 (E-Book). Pp. Xii + 439. [REVIEW]
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  3. Wilfried Sieg & Dirk Schlimm, Dedekind's Abstract Concepts: Models and Mappings.
    Dedekind's mathematical work is integral to the transformation of mathematics in the nineteenth century and crucial for the emergence of structuralist mathematics in the twentieth century. We investigate the essential components of what Emmy Noether called, his ‘axiomatic standpoint’: abstract concepts (for systems of mathematical objects), models (systems satisfying such concepts), and mappings (connecting models in a structure-preserving way).
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  1. Wolfgang Barz, Transparent Introspection of Wishes.
    The aim of this paper is to lay the groundwork for extending the idea of transparent introspection to wishes. First, I elucidate the notion of transparent introspection and highlight its advantages over rival accounts of self-knowledge (Sect. 1). Then I pose several problems that seem to obstruct the extension of transparent introspection to wishes (Sect. 2). In order to overcome these problems, I call into question the standard propositional attitude analysis of non-doxastic attitudes (Sect. 3). My considerations lead to a (...)
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  1. Mingzhong Cai, Unprovability and Proving Unprovability.
    We investigate the “unprovability of unprovability”. Given a sentence P and a fixed base theory T, the unprovability of P is the sentence “ \({T\nvdash P}\) ”. We show that the unprovability of an unprovable true sentence can be “hard to prove”.
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  2. Victor N. Krivtsov, Semantical Completeness of First-Order Predicate Logic and the Weak Fan Theorem.
    Within a weak system \({{{\sf WKVS}}}\) of intuitionistic analysis one may prove, using the Weak Fan Theorem as an additional axiom, a completeness theorem for intuitionistic first-order predicate logic relative to validity in generalized Beth models as well as a completeness theorem for classical first-order predicate logic relative to validity in intuitionistic structures. Conversely, each of these theorems implies over \({{{\sf WKVS}}}\) the Weak Fan Theorem.
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  3. Steffen Lewitzka, Denotational Semantics for Modal Systems S3–S5 Extended by Axioms for Propositional Quantifiers and Identity.
    There are logics where necessity is defined by means of a given identity connective: \({\square\varphi := \varphi\equiv\top}\) ( \({\top}\) is a tautology). On the other hand, in many standard modal logics the concept of propositional identity (PI) \({\varphi\equiv\psi}\) can be defined by strict equivalence (SE) \({\square(\varphi\leftrightarrow\psi)}\) . All these approaches to modality involve a principle that we call the Collapse Axiom (CA): “There is only one necessary proposition.” In this paper, we consider a notion of PI which relies on the (...)
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  4. Edoardo Rivello, Cofinally Invariant Sequences and Revision.
    Revision sequences are a kind of transfinite sequences which were introduced by Herzberger and Gupta in 1982 (independently) as the main mathematical tool for developing their respective revision theories of truth. We generalise revision sequences to the notion of cofinally invariant sequences, showing that several known facts about Herzberger’s and Gupta’s theories also hold for this more abstract kind of sequences and providing new and more informative proofs of the old results.
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  5. Stefan Wintein & Reinhard A. Muskens, From Bi-Facial Truth to Bi-Facial Proofs.
    In their recent paper Bi-facial truth: a case for generalized truth values Zaitsev and Shramko [7] distinguish between an ontological and an epistemic interpretation of classical truth values. By taking the Cartesian product of the two disjoint sets of values thus obtained, they arrive at four generalized truth values and consider two “semi-classical negations” on them. The resulting semantics is used to define three novel logics which are closely related to Belnap’s well-known four valued logic. A syntactic characterization of these (...)
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  1. Christiane Thompson, The Philosophy of Education as the Economy and Ecology of Pedagogical Knowledge.
    What does reflection on educational theory and education today actually aim at, if theory and practice can no longer be formulated as a unity? This article describes the German discourse of educational philosophy and outlines its critical view discussing the “limits of understanding subjectivity”. In the following parts it is argued that the philosophy of education of the future will encompass an “economy” as well as an “ecology” of pedagogical or educational knowledge. Here, analyses of contemporary educational practices are brought (...)
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