New books and articles

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Aug 22nd 2014 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Alexander Miller & Ali Saboohi, Rule-Following and Consciousness: Old Problem or New?
    It has recently been claimed that there is a “new hard problem” for physicalism. The new hard problem, according to Goff (Philosophical Studies, 160, 223–235, 2012), is based on “semantic phenomenology”, the view that conscious perceptual experience represents linguistic expressions as having determinate meanings. Goff argues that Kripke’s rule-following argument demonstrates that it is particularly difficult for a physicalist to account for semantic phenomenology. In this paper, we argue that (a) Goff’s discussion of semantic phenomenology fails to uncover a “new” (...)
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volume 9, issue 1, 2014
  1. Christian Danz, „Sein [...] Ist Die Macht Zu Sein“.
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  2. Peter Haigis, Diesseits des Seins.
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  3. Théo Junker, Interprétations de l'Amour Divers Et Un.
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  4. Angela M. Opel, „Stil“ Ist Nicht Gleich „Stil“.
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  5. Frederick J. Parrella, Marriage in Light of Tillich's Love, Power, and Justice.
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  6. Stephen G. Ray Jr, An Unintended Conversation Partner.
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  7. Anne Marie Reijnen, Le Mariage Homosexuel.
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  8. Werner Schüßler, „Das Ewige Im Jetzt“.
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  9. Mary Ann Stenger, Justice as a Theological and Ethical Criterion in Relation to Power and Love.
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  10. Ronald H. Stone, Tillich on Power in the Context of the American Empire.
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volume 11, issue 3, 2014
  1. Ronald Aday & Lori Farney, Malign Neglect: Assessing Older Women's Health Care Experiences in Prison.
    The problem of providing mandated medical care has become commonplace as correctional systems in the United States struggle to manage unprecedented increases in its aging prison population. This study explores older incarcerated women’s perceptions of prison health care policies and their day-to-day survival experiences. Aggregate data obtained from a sample of 327 older women (mean age = 56) residing in prison facilities in five Southern states were used to identify a baseline of health conditions and needs for this vulnerable group. (...)
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  2. Kelly Anderson, Global Health Case: Questioning Our Contributions.
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  3. Wiebke Bretschneider & Bernice Simone Elger, Expert Perspectives on Western European Prison Health Services: Do Ageing Prisoners Receive Equivalent Care?
    Health care in prison and particularly the health care of older prisoners are increasingly important topics due to the growth of the ageing prisoner population. The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the approaches used in the provision of equivalent health care to ageing prisoners and to confront the intuitive definition of equivalent care and the practical and ethical challenges that have been experienced by individuals working in this field. Forty interviews took place with experts working in (...)
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  4. Donald Chalmers, Dianne Nicol, Pilar Nicolás & Nikolajs Zeps, A Role for Research Ethics Committees in Exchanges of Human Biospecimens Through Material Transfer Agreements.
    International transfers of human biological material (biospecimens) and data are increasing, and commentators are starting to raise concerns about how donor wishes are protected in such circumstances. These exchanges are generally made under contractual material transfer agreements (MTAs). This paper asks what role, if any, should research ethics committees (RECs) play in ensuring legal and ethical conduct in such exchanges. It is recommended that RECs should play a more active role in the future development of best practice MTAs involving exchange (...)
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  5. Sophie Flaherty, Patenting Treatment Methods.
    Apotex Pty Ltd v Sanofi-Aventis Australia Pty Ltd [2013] 304 ALR 1At the heart of some disputes regarding medical treatment is the conceptual difficulty of finding the appropriate legal framework. The diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions are clearly subject to professional standards and thus sit within the negligence framework, but what of those who develop and provide that diagnosis and treatment? Do innovative approaches give rise to a patentable interest and can the intellectual property in a method of treatment (...)
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  6. Thomas Foreman, Ethics, Rhetoric, and Expectations: Responsibilities and Obligations of Health Care Systems.
    Health care organization foundations and other fund-raising departments often function at an arm’s length from the system at large. As such, operations related to their mandate to raise funds and market the organization do not receive the same level of ethical scrutiny brought to bear on other arms within the organization. An area that could benefit from a more focused ethics lens is the use of language and rhetoric employed in order to raise funds and market the organization. Such departments (...)
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  7. Lorna Gibb, Procedure.
    This piece examines the diagnostic procedures for breast cancer from the patient’s point of view, trying to establish the importance of communication and reassurance, while showing how the absence of these can lead to greater distress than necessitated.
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  8. Violet Handtke & Tenzin Wangmo, Ageing Prisoners' Views on Death and Dying: Contemplating End-of-Life in Prison.
    Rising numbers of ageing prisoners and goals on implementing equivalent health care in prison raise issues surrounding end-of-life care for prisoners. The paucity of research on this topic in Europe means that the needs of older prisoners contemplating death in prison have not been established. To investigate elderly prisoners’ attitudes towards death and dying, 35 qualitative interviews with inmates aged 51 to 71 years were conducted in 12 Swiss prisons. About half of the prisoners reported having thought about dying in (...)
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  9. Jane Jankowski & Lisa Campo-Engelstein, A Better Half: The Ethics of Hemicorporectomy Surgery.
    This paper discusses the ethical issues related to hemicorporectomy surgery, a radical procedure that removes the lower half of the body in order to prolong life. The literature on hemicorporectomy (HC), also called translumbar amputation, has been nearly silent on the ethical considerations relevant to this rare procedure. We explore five aspects of the complex landscape of hemicorporectomy to illustrate the broader ethical questions related to this extraordinary procedure: benefits, risks, informed consent, resource allocation and justice, and loss and the (...)
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  10. Emma Kowal, Glenn Pearson, Lobna Rouhani, Chris S. Peacock, Sarra E. Jamieson & Jenefer M. Blackwell, Erratum To: Genetic Research and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.
    Erratum to: Bioethical InquiryDOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9391-xLobna Rouhani, University of Melbourne, is a co-author of the article “Genetic Research and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians” (2012, 419–432) that was published in the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry’s 9(4) symposium “Cases and Culture.” Her name was omitted from the publication and she should be credited as the third author of this article.
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  11. Charles Leduc, A Lasting Effect: Reflections on Music and Medicine.
    My relationship to the guitar can be characterized by the Friday evening distortion of Kirk Hammett (of Metallica) and Dan Auerbach (of The Black Keys) and Sunday morning’s soaring chords of classical musicians Julian Bream and Rafael Andia to anything in between the rest of the week. I have, however, kept my writing and my music away from my professional practice. I am one of those for whom music and poetry offer a refuge, a source of compensation for the emotions (...)
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  12. Liliane Lins & Fernando Martins Carvalho, Scientific Integrity in Brazil.
    This article focuses on scientific integrity and the identification of predisposing factors to scientific misconduct in Brazil. Brazilian scientific production has increased in the last ten years, but the quality of the articles has decreased. Pressure on researchers and students for increasing scientific production may contribute to scientific misconduct. Cases of misconduct in science have been recently denounced in the country. Brazil has important institutions for controlling ethical and safety aspects of human research, but there is a lack of specific (...)
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  13. Leigh E. Rich & Michael A. Ashby, Crime and Punishment, Rehabilitation or Revenge: Bioethics for Prisoners?
    With some exceptions, it appears that the non-incarcerated world spends little time, if any at all, thinking about how prisoners are treated, whether during detainment or incarceration, after release, or when being put to state-sanctioned death. Of course, in part this is understandable, as the processes of punishment for breaking the social contract have moved from being public spectacle (once serving as a display of the sovereign’s power and as simultaneous warning and entertainment for lookers-on) to a private and “strange (...)
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  14. Géraldine Ruiz, Tenzin Wangmo, Patrick Mutzenberg, Jessica Sinclair & Bernice Simone Elger, Understanding Death in Custody: A Case for a Comprehensive Definition.
    Prisoners sometimes die in prison, either due to natural illness, violence, suicide, or a result of imprisonment. The purpose of this study is to understand deaths in custody using qualitative methodology and to argue for a comprehensive definition of death in custody that acknowledges deaths related to the prison environment. Interviews were conducted with 33 experts, who primarily work as lawyers or forensic doctors with national and/or international organisations. Responses were coded and analysed qualitatively. Defining deaths in custody according to (...)
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  15. David M. Shaw, Tenzin Wangmo & Bernice S. Elger, Conducting Ethics Research in Prison: Why, Who, and What?
    Why devote an issue of an ethics journal to prison medicine? Why conduct ethics research in prisons in the first place? In this editorial, we explain why prison ethics research is vitally important and illustrate our argument by introducing and briefly discussing the fascinating papers in this special issue of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry (JBI).Ethics is often regarded as a theoretical discipline. This is in large part due to ethics’ origin as a type of moral philosophy, which is frequently (...)
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  16. Robert L. Trestman, Ethics, the Law, and Prisoners: Protecting Society, Changing Human Behavior, and Protecting Human Rights.
    Restricting a person’s liberty presents society with many inherent ethical challenges. The historical purposes of confinement have included punishment, penitence, containment, rehabilitation, and habilitation. While the purposes are indeed complex, multifaceted, and at times ambiguous or contradictory, the fact of incarceration intrinsically creates many ethical challenges for psychiatrists working in correctional settings. Role definition of a psychiatrist may be ambiguous, with potential tensions between forensic and therapeutic demands. Privacy may be limited or absent and confidentiality may be compromised. Patient autonomy (...)
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  17. Tenzin Wangmo, Violet Handtke & Bernice Simone Elger, Disclosure of Past Crimes: An Analysis of Mental Health Professionals' Attitudes Towards Breaching Confidentiality.
    Ensuring confidentiality is the cornerstone of trust within the doctor–patient relationship. However, health care providers have an obligation to serve not only their patient’s interests but also those of potential victims and society, resulting in circumstances where confidentiality must be breached. This article describes the attitudes of mental health professionals (MHPs) when patients disclose past crimes unknown to the justice system. Twenty-four MHPs working in Swiss prisons were interviewed. They shared their experiences concerning confidentiality practices and attitudes towards breaching confidentiality (...)
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  18. Karolyn L. A. White, Christopher F. C. Jordens & Ian Kerridge, Contextualising Professional Ethics: The Impact of the Prison Context on the Practices and Norms of Health Care Practitioners.
    Health care is provided in many contexts—not just hospitals, clinics, and community health settings. Different institutional settings may significantly influence the design and delivery of health care and the ethical obligations and practices of health care practitioners working within them. This is particularly true in institutions that are established to constrain freedom, ensure security and authority, and restrict movement and choice. We describe the results of a qualitative study of the experiences of doctors and nurses working within two women’s prisons (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. Taylor W. Cyr, Rationally Not Caring About Torture: A Reply to Johansson.
    Death can be bad for an individual who has died, according to the “deprivation approach,” by depriving that individual of goods. One worry for this account of death’s badness is the Lucretian symmetry argument: since we do not regret having been born later than we could have been born, and since posthumous nonexistence is the mirror image of prenatal nonexistence, we should not regret dying earlier than we could have died. Anthony Brueckner and John Martin Fischer have developed a response (...)
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forthcoming articles
  1. M. Kristoffersen & F. Friberg, The Nursing Discipline and Self-Realization.
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forthcoming articles
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    Paul Silva Jr, The Composite Nature of Epistemic Justification.
    According to many, to have epistemic justification to believe P is just for it to be epistemically permissible to believe P. Others think it's for believing P to be epistemically good. Yet others think it has to do with being epistemically blameless in believing P. All such views of justification encounter problems for they fail to capture some intuitively compelling aspect of justification and other very plausible epistemic theses. After drawing attention to these problems a new view of justification is (...)
     
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forthcoming articles
  1. Edward S. Casey, On Speaking Matter, Boundary, and Place in Advance.
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  2. Giovanni Damele, La Ruche in Advance.
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  3. Edouard Jourdain, Justice Et Utopie in Advance.
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  4. Julia Sushytska, Beyond Ousiodic Ontology in Advance.
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  5. Patrick Turmel, Concept Et Objet de la Justice in Advance.
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  6. Gilbert Vincent, Au croisement de l'épistémologie et de l'ontologie in advance.
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forthcoming articles
  1. E. R. Anker, Red Alert: Communism, Protest, and the End of Democracy.
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forthcoming articles
  1. Clarke Rountree & John Rountree, Burke's Pentad as a Guide for Symbol-Using Citizens.
    Ever since the rhetorical turn in education, education scholars have recognized the importance of rhetoric in constructing and mediating human society. They have turned to rhetorical theory to come to terms with this rhetorically mediated reality and to engage students as critical citizens within it. Much of this work draws on rhetorical theorist Kenneth Burke, but much of Burke’s work remains unexplored in this area. We argue that his theories can be part of a user’s guide to educate students about (...)
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volume 28, issue 3, 2013
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    Letitia Meynell, Parsing Pictures: On Analyzing the Content of Images in Science.
    In this paper I tackle the question of what basic form an analytical method for articulating and ultimately assessing visual representations should take. I start from the assumption that scientific images, being less prone to interpretive complication than artworks, are ideal objects from which to engage this question. I then assess a recent application of Nelson Goodman's aesthetics to the project of parsing scientific images, Laura Perini's ‘The truth in pictures’. I argue that, although her project is an important one, (...)
     
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volume 26, issue 3, 2014
  1. Roger Crisp, Taking Stock of Utilitarianism.
    This article is an attempt to take an overview of the current position of utilitarian theory. It begins by providing a definition of utilitarianism as it is found in the works of Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick. These authors are all interpreted as intuitionists. It is claimed that the main rivals to utilitarianism are egoism on the one hand, and reflective non-egoistic pluralism, as found in the work of Ross, on the other. The significance of disagreement between proponents of these views (...)
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  2. Inder S. Marwah, Varouxakis Georgios Liberty Abroad: J. S. Mill on International Relations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), Pp. 278. [REVIEW]
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    Sven Nyholm, Ingmar Persson, From Morality to the End of Reason (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), Pp. 336. [REVIEW]
    Persson argues that common sense morality involves various “asymmetries” that don’t stand up to rational scrutiny. (One example is that intentionally harming others is commonly thought to be worse than merely allowing harm to happen, even if the harm involved is equal in both cases.) A wholly rational morality would, Persson argues, be wholly symmetrical. He also argues, however, that when we get down to our most basic attitudes and dispositions, we reach the “end of reason,” at which point we (...)
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  4. Robert Shaver, Ross on Self and Others.
    Ross suggests a trilemma:(i) Innocent pleasure is good as an end.(ii) I have a prima facie duty to produce what is good as an end.(iii) I have no prima facie duty to produce innocent pleasure for myself.In The Right and the Good, he denies (iii). In Foundations of Ethics, he denies (i). Neither of these solutions is satisfactory. One ought instead to deny (ii). I close by considering a similar trilemma concerning justice.
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    Martin Bruder & Tanyi, Overdemanding Consequentialism? An Experimental Approach.
    According to act-consequentialism the right action is the one that produces the best results as judged from an impersonal perspective. Some claim that this requirement is unreasonably demanding and therefore consequentialism is unacceptable as a moral theory. The article breaks with dominant trends in discussing this so-called Overdemandingness Objection. Instead of focusing on theoretical responses, it empirically investigates whether there exists a widely shared intuition that consequentialist demands are unreasonable. This discussion takes the form of examining what people think about (...)
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Manuscripts
  1. Daniel Davis, L1 Effects on the Articulation of Samaritan Hebrew.
    In this thesis, I will discuss the effects of the linguistic divide in the Samaritan community with respect to the articulation of the liturgical language of Samaritan Hebrew. I first encountered the Samaritans in 2010 while on my first visit to the Palestinian city of Nablus. I had been to Israel many times prior, yet as a young Jewish American, I had never before had the opportunity to travel to the Palestinian Territories. Given the prominence of the political situation, I (...)
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  2. Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel & Susan G. Sterrett, Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy, Computer Science.
    Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic (...)
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