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Jul 23rd 2016 GMT
volume 17, issue 1, 2016
  1. Sabine Salloch, Same same but different: why we should care about the distinction between professionalism and ethics.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  2. Margreet Stolper, Bert Molewijk & Guy Widdershoven, Bioethics Education in Clinical Settings: Theory and Practice of the Dilemma Method of Moral Case Deliberation.
    BackgroundMoral Case Deliberation is a specific form of bioethics education fostering professionals’ moral competence in order to deal with their moral questions. So far, few studies focus in detail on Moral Case Deliberation methodologies and their didactic principles. The dilemma method is a structured and frequently used method in Moral Case Deliberation that stimulates methodological reflection and reasoning through a systematic dialogue on an ethical issue experienced in practice.MethodsIn this paper we present a case-study of a Moral Case Deliberation with (...)
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volume 40, issue 5, 2016
  1. Chandan R. Narayan, Lorinda Mak & Ellen Bialystok, Words Get in the Way: Linguistic Effects on Talker Discrimination.
    A speech perception experiment provides evidence that the linguistic relationship between words affects the discrimination of their talkers. Listeners discriminated two talkers' voices with various linguistic relationships between their spoken words. Listeners were asked whether two words were spoken by the same person or not. Word pairs varied with respect to the linguistic relationship between the component words, forming either: phonological rhymes, lexical compounds, reversed compounds, or unrelated pairs. The degree of linguistic relationship between the words affected talker discrimination in (...)
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  2. Vishnu Sreekumar, Simon Dennis & Isidoros Doxas, The Episodic Nature of Experience: A Dynamical Systems Analysis.
    Context is an important construct in many domains of cognition, including learning, memory, and emotion. We used dynamical systems methods to demonstrate the episodic nature of experience by showing a natural separation between the scales over which within-context and between-context relationships operate. To do this, we represented an individual's emails extending over about 5 years in a high-dimensional semantic space and computed the dimensionalities of the subspaces occupied by these emails. Personal discourse has a two-scaled geometry with smaller within-context dimensionalities (...)
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  1. Michele M. Moody-Adams, Moral Progress and Human Agency.
    The idea of moral progress is a necessary presupposition of action for beings like us. We must believe that moral progress is possible and that it might have been realized in human experience, if we are to be confident that continued human action can have any morally constructive point. I discuss the implications of this truth for moral psychology. I also show that once we understand the complex nature and the complicated social sources of moral progress, we will appreciate why (...)
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volume 15, issue 1, 2016
  1. Marvin J. H. Lee, Ravi S. Edara, Peter A. Clark & Andrew T. Myers, Zika Virus: Can Artificial Contraception Be Condoned?
    As the Zika virus pandemic continues to bring worry and fear to health officials and medical scientists, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended that residents of the Zika-infected countries, e.g., Brazil, and those who have traveled to the area should delay having babies which may involve artificial contraceptive, particularly condom. This preventive policy, however, is seemingly at odds with the Roman Catholic Church’s position on the contraceptive. As least since the promulgation of (...)
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  1. Boris Kožnjak, Kuhn Meets Maslow: The Psychology Behind Scientific Revolutions.
    In this paper, I offer a detailed reconstruction and a critical analysis of Abraham Maslow’s neglected psychological reading of Thomas Kuhn’s famous dichotomy between ‘normal’ and ‘revolutionary’ science, which Maslow briefly expounded four years after the first edition of Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, in his small book The Psychology of Science: A Reconnaissance, and which relies heavily on his extensive earlier general writing in the motivational and personality psychology. Maslow’s Kuhnian ideas, put forward as part of a larger (...)
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  1. Peter Harrison, Beliefs, Lebensformen, and Conceptual History.
    Book Symposium on The Territories of Science and Religion (University of Chicago Press, 2015). The author responds to review essays by John Heilbron, Stephen Gaukroger, and Yiftach Fehige.
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  1. Andrea Schiavio, Dylan van der Schyff, Julian Cespedes-Guevara & Mark Reybrouck, Enacting Musical Emotions. Sense-Making, Dynamic Systems, and the Embodied Mind.
    The subject of musical emotions has emerged only recently as a major area of research. While much work in this area offers fascinating insights to musicological research, assumptions about the nature of emotional experience seem to remain committed to appraisal, representations, and a rule-based or information-processing model of cognition. Over the past three decades alternative ‘embodied’ and ‘enactive’ models of mind have challenged this approach by emphasising the self-organising aspects of cognition, often describing it as an ongoing process of dynamic (...)
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  1. Trenton Merricks, Precis of Propositions.
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  2. Trenton Merricks, Replies to Wang, Speaks, and Pautz.
    Replies for a symposium on Propositions.
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volume 28, issue ?, 2016
  1. Lorena Ramírez Ludeña, Legal Disagreements. A Pluralist Reply to Dworkin’s Challenge.
    In this paper I analyse the problem of legal disagreements, initially raised by Ronald Dworkin against Hartian positivism. According to Dworkin, disagreements are pervasive, since law is an argumentative practice in which participants invoke normative arguments. Positivists, who claim that law depends upon agreement among officials, have difficulties to make sense of the fact that lawyers frequently disagree. I first present the main arguments in the debate. I then go on to distinguish different levels at which lawyers disagree. Taking these (...)
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  1. Deborah Eicher-Catt, Learning to Take Play Seriously: Peirce, Bateson, and Huizinga on the Sacrality of Play.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  2. Deborah Eicher-Catt, Learning to Take Play Seriously: Peirce, Bateson, and Huizinga on the Sacrality of Play.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  3. Jani Kukkola & Eetu Pikkarainen, Edusemiotics of Meaningful Learning Experience: Revisiting Kant’s Pedagogical Paradox and Greimas’ Semiotic Square.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  4. Jani Kukkola & Eetu Pikkarainen, Edusemiotics of Meaningful Learning Experience: Revisiting Kant’s Pedagogical Paradox and Greimas’ Semiotic Square.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  5. Alin Olteanu, The Implications for Education of Peirce’s Agapist Principle.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  6. Alin Olteanu, The Implications for Education of Peirce’s Agapist Principle.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  7. Marianna Papastephanou, Edusemiotics and Karl-Otto Apel’s Transcendental Semiotics.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  8. Marianna Papastephanou, Edusemiotics and Karl-Otto Apel’s Transcendental Semiotics.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  9. Sebastien Pesce, Les Intuitions Édusémiotiques des Grands Pédagogues : Engagement Sémiotique, Théorie de L’Enquête Et Narrativité.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  10. Sebastien Pesce, Les intuitions édusémiotiques des grands pédagogues : Engagement sémiotique, théorie de l’enquête et narrativité.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  11. Farouk Y. Seif, Can Design Inquiry Advance Edusemiotics? Rethinking Factual Information and Imaginative Interpretation.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  12. Farouk Y. Seif, Can Design Inquiry Advance Edusemiotics? Rethinking Factual Information and Imaginative Interpretation.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  13. Inna Semetsky, Monstrous Hermeneutics: Learning From Diagrams.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  14. Inna Semetsky, Monstrous Hermeneutics: Learning From Diagrams.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  15. Inna Semetsky & Sergey Gavrov, Values, Edusemiotics, and Intercultural Dialogue: From Russia with Questions.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  16. Inna Semetsky & Sergey Gavrov, Values, Edusemiotics, and Intercultural Dialogue: From Russia with Questions.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  17. Andrew Stables, Edusemiotics as Process Semiotics: Towards a New Model of Semiosis for Teaching and Learning.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  18. Andrew Stables, Edusemiotics as Process Semiotics: Towards a New Model of Semiosis for Teaching and Learning.
    Journal Name: Semiotica Issue: Ahead of print.
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  1. Sonia Sikka, Heidegger’s Argument for the Existence of God?
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  1. Zofia Kostrzycka & Yutaka Miyazaki, Normal Modal Logics Determined by Aligned Clusters.
    We consider the family of logics from NExt which are determined by linear frames with reflexive and symmetric relation of accessibility. The condition of linearity in such frames was first defined in the paper [9]. We prove that the cardinality of the logics under consideration is uncountably infinite.
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  1. Dylan Dodd, Belief and Certainty.
    I argue that believing that p implies having a credence of 1 in p. This is true because the belief that p involves representing p as being the case, representing p as being the case involves not allowing for the possibility of not-p, while having a credence that’s greater than 0 in not-p involves regarding not-p as a possibility.
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  2. Shieva Kleinschmidt, Refining Four-Dimensionalism.
    Current formulations of Four-Dimensionalism may be objected to on grounds that they are too inflexible: the formulations do not seem to allow for enough variety in the views they are paired with. For instance, Kit Fine has noted that formulations of Four-Dimensionalism in terms of instantaneous parts may be too demanding for Four-Dimensionalists who believe nothing is instantaneous. And Trenton Merricks has argued that one can think something persists four-dimensionionally without taking it to have proper temporal parts, and claims that (...)
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  3. Axel Seemann, Reminiscing Together: Joint Experiences, Epistemic Groups, and Sense of Self.
    In this essay, I consider a kind of social group that I call ‘epistemic’. It is constituted by its members’ possession of perceptually grounded common knowledge, which endows them with a particular kind of epistemic authority. This authority, I argue, is invoked in the activity of ‘joint reminiscing’—of remembering together a past jointly experienced event. Joint reminiscing, in turn, plays an important role in the constitution of social and personal identity. The notion of an epistemic group, then, is a concept (...)
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  1. Ioana Boghian, Mary Wollstonecraft, Pedagogy, and the Practice of Feminism.
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  2. Kelly Coble, Rethinking Philosophy in Light of the Bible: From Kant to Schopenhauer.
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  1. James W. Nickel, Can a Right to Health Care Be Justified by Linkage Arguments?
    Linkage arguments, which defend a controversial right by showing that it is indispensable or highly useful to an uncontroversial right, are sometimes used to defend the right to health care. This article evaluates such arguments when used to defend RHC. Three common errors in using linkage arguments are neglecting levels of implementation, expanding the scope of the supported right beyond its uncontroversial domain, and giving too much credit to the supporting right for outcomes in its area. A familiar linkage argument (...)
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Jul 22nd 2016 GMT
volume 17, issue 1, 2016
  1. Giovanni De Grandis & Vidar Halgunset, Conceptual and terminological confusion around personalised medicine: a coping strategy.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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volume 40, issue 5, 2016
  1. Chandan R. Narayan, Lorinda Mak & Ellen Bialystok, Words Get in the Way: Linguistic Effects on Talker Discrimination.
    A speech perception experiment provides evidence that the linguistic relationship between words affects the discrimination of their talkers. Listeners discriminated two talkers' voices with various linguistic relationships between their spoken words. Listeners were asked whether two words were spoken by the same person or not. Word pairs varied with respect to the linguistic relationship between the component words, forming either: phonological rhymes, lexical compounds, reversed compounds, or unrelated pairs. The degree of linguistic relationship between the words affected talker discrimination in (...)
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    Brett D. Roads & Michael C. Mozer, Improving Human‐Machine Cooperative Classification Via Cognitive Theories of Similarity.
    Acquiring perceptual expertise is slow and effortful. However, untrained novices can accurately make difficult classification decisions by reformulating the task as similarity judgment. Given a query image and a set of reference images, individuals are asked to select the best matching reference. When references are suitably chosen, the procedure yields an implicit classification of the query image. To optimize reference selection, we develop and evaluate a predictive model of similarity-based choice. The model builds on existing psychological literature and accommodates stochastic, (...)
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    Duncan Purves, The Case for Discounting the Future.
    Though economists appear to discount future well-being when evaluating the costs of climate change, plausible justifications of this practice have not been forthcoming. The methods of economists thus seem to contravene the requirements of justice by discounting the moral importance of future well-being simply because it exists in the future. I defend the practice of discounting the future against the charge of injustice on grounds that moral theorists of different stripes can accept. I argue that, because public policy choices are (...)
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