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May 26th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Konstantinos Iatridis & Doris Schroeder, Responsible Research and Innovation in Industry: The Case for Corporate Responsibility Tools.
    Responsible research and innovation is a governance framework promoted by influential policy makers such as the European Commission and academics from the fields of science and technology studies and management. This book is the first text to serve industry. Inspired by existing Corporate Responsibility standards and principles, it offers a selection of tools that can assist practitioners in implementing RRI in business and industry. Responsible Research and Innovation is integrative. It is a convergence of Technology Assessment and Ethics, including corporate (...)
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  2. Miltos Ladikas, Sachin Chaturvedi, Yandong Zhao & Dirk Stemerding, Science and Technology Governance and Ethics - A Global Perspective From Europe, India and China.
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  3. Doris Schroeder, Sally Dalton-Brown, Benjamin Schrempf & David Kaplan, Responsible, Inclusive Innovation and the Nano-Divide.
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  4. Doris Schroeder & Miltos Ladikas, Towards Principled Responsible Research and Innovation: Employing the Difference Principle in Funding Decisions.
    Responsible Research and Innovation has emerged as a science policy framework that attempts to import broad social values into technological innovation processes whilst supporting institutional decision-making under conditions of uncertainty and ambiguity. When looking at RRI from a ‘principled’ perspective, we consider responsibility and justice to be important cornerstones of the framework. The main aim of this article is to suggest a method of realising these principles through the application of a limited Rawlsian Difference Principle in the distribution of public (...)
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May 25th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Paul A. Boghossian & J. David Velleman, Colour as a Secondard Quality.
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  2.  2
    Paul A. Boghossian & J. David Velleman, Physicalist Theories of Color.
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  3.  1
    Monima Chadha, Time-Series of Ephemeral Impressions: The Abhidharma-Buddhist View of Conscious Experience.
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  4.  2
    Daniel J. Hicks & Thomas A. Stapleford, The Virtues of Scientific Practice: MacIntyre, Virtue Ethics, and the Historiography of Science.
    “Practice” has become a ubiquitous term in the history of science, and yet historians have not always reflected on its philosophical import and especially on its potential connections with ethics. In this essay, we draw on the work of the virtue ethicist Alasdair MacIntyre to develop a theory of “communal practices” and explore how such an approach can inform the history of science, including allegations about the corruption of science by wealth or power; consideration of scientific ethics or “moral economies”; (...)
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  5.  5
    Thomas Hofweber & J. David Velleman, How to Endure.
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  6.  1
    Michel Janssen & Sergio Pernice, Sleeping Beauty on Monty Hall.
    We present a game show that we claim can serve as a proxy for the notorious Sleeping Beauty Problem. This problem has divided commentators into two camps, 'halfers' and 'thirders'. In our game show, the potential awakenings of Sleeping Beauty, during which she will be asked about the outcome of the coin toss that determined earlier how many times she is awakened and asked, are replaced by potential contestants, deciding whether to choose heads or tails in a bet they will (...)
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  7.  1
    Thomas Pradeu, Lucie Laplane, Karine Prévot, Thierry Hoquet, Valentine Reynaud, Giuseppe Fusco, Alessandro Minelli, Virginie Orgogozo & Michel Vervoort, Defining "Development".
    Is it possible, and in the first place is it even desirable, to define what "development" means and to determine the scope of the field called "developmental biology"? Though these questions appeared crucial for the founders of "developmental biology" in the 1950s, there seems to be no consensus today about the need to address them. Here, in a combined biological, philosophical, and historical approach, we ask whether it is possible and useful to define biological development, and, if such a definition (...)
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  8.  1
    Thomas Pradeu, Mutualistic Viruses and the Heteronomy of Life.
    Though viruses have generally been characterized by their pathogenic and more generally harmful effects, many examples of mutualistic viruses exist. Here I explain how the idea of mutualistic viruses has been defended in recent virology, and I explore four important conceptual and practical consequences of this idea. I ask to what extent this research modifies the way scientists might search for new viruses, our notion of how the host immune system interacts with microbes, the development of new therapeutic approaches, and, (...)
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  9.  2
    Thomas Pradeu, Gladys Kostyrka & John Dupré, Understanding Viruses: Philosophical Investigations.
    Viruses have been virtually absent from philosophy of biology. In this editorial introduction, we explain why we think viruses are philosophically important. We focus on six issues, and we show how they relate to classic questions of philosophy of biology and even general philosophy.
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  10.  4
    Lauren N. Ross & James Woodward, Koch’s Postulates: An Interventionist Perspective.
    We argue that Koch’s postulates are best understood within an interventionist account of causation, in the sense described in Woodward. We show how this treatment helps to resolve interpretive puzzles associated with Koch’s work and how it clarifies the different roles the postulates play in providing useful, yet not universal criteria for disease causation. Our paper is an effort at rational reconstruction; we attempt to show how Koch’s postulates and reasoning make sense and are normatively justified within an interventionist framework (...)
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  11.  2
    Joshua Rosaler, Reduction as an A Posteriori Relation.
    Reduction between theories in physics is often approached as an a priori relation in the sense that reduction is often taken to depend only on a comparison of the mathematical structures of two theories. I argue that such approaches fail to capture one crucial sense of “reduction,” whereby one theory encompasses the set of real behaviors that are well-modeled by the other. Reduction in this sense depends not only on the mathematical structures of the theories, but also on empirical facts (...)
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  12.  1
    Stella Sandford, Freud, Bion and Kant : Epistemology and Anthropology in The Interpretation of Dreams.
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  13.  3
    Alessandra Tanesini, Intellectual Humility as Attitude.
    Intellectual humility, I argue in this paper, is a cluster of strong attitudes directed toward one’s cognitive make-up and its components, together with the cognitive and affective states that constitute their contents or bases, which serve knowledge and value-expressive functions. In order to defend this new account of humility I first examine two simpler traits: intellectual self-acceptance of epistemic limitations and intellectual modesty about epistemic successes. The position defended here addresses the shortcomings of both ignorance and accuracy based accounts of (...)
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  14.  2
    J. David Velleman, Brandt's Definition of Good.
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  15.  3
    J. David Velleman, Love as a Moral Emotion.
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  16.  3
    J. David Velleman, The Genesis of Shame2.
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  17.  2
    Louise Goueffic, Rofemtic Quotes, Quirks and Quarks.
    Quotes re the situation of the 10,000 embedded male-biased names in language about our species making people believe the basis of mind is male.
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  18.  1
    Jorge J. E. Gracia, Bridging the Philosophical Gap Between East and West.
    This article claims that communication within the same culture in the present and with the past and communication across cultures pose serious methodological challenges for philosophers. These challenges are particularly obvious when we engage in comparative philosophy between East and West. However, if (1) we understand philosophy as a discipline involved in problem solving, and (2) we use the Framework Approach advocated in this article, such communication does not seem impossible. Of course, this approach may not help us with the (...)
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  19.  1
    Jorge J. E. Gracia, Racisms: Racial, Ethnic, and National.
    Racism has been the subject of considerable attention in recent years, and although many varieties of it have been identified and discussed, most of the discussions take insufficient account of the differences between the racial, ethnic, and national elements that play roles in it. Nonetheless, the talk of racism against members of ethnic and national groups is quite common and gives rise to misunderstandings and confusions about what racism is and the various forms it can take when these differences are (...)
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  20.  1
    Jorge J. E. Gracia, Semantic Equivalence and the Language of Philosophical Analysis.
    For many years I have maintained that I learned to philosophize by translating Francisco Suárez’s Metaphysical Disputation V from Latin into English. This surely is a claim that must sound extraordinary to the members of this audience or even to most twentieth century philosophers. Who reads Suárez these days? And what could I learn from a sixteenth century scholastic writer that would help me in the twentieth century? I would certainly be surprised if one were to find any references to (...)
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May 24th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  3
    O. Leffler, The Foundations of Agency - and Ethics?
    In this article, I take off from some central issues in Paul Katsafanas' recent book Agency and the Foundations of Ethics. I argue that Katsafanas' alleged aims of action fail to do the work he requires them to do. First, his approach to activity or control is deeply problematic in the light of counterexamples, but as the related issues are substantially under-theorized, we do not at present know what agential activity or control may imply. More importantly, the view of activity (...)
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  2.  2
    A. R. Meskin & S. Liao, Aesthetic Adjectives: Experimental Semantics and Context- Sensitivity.
    One aim of this paper is to make a contribution to understanding aesthetic communication—the process by which agents aim to convey thoughts and transmit knowledge about aesthetic matters to others. Our focus will be on the use of aesthetic adjectives in aesthetic communication. Although theorists working on the semantics of adjectives have developed sophisticated theories about gradable adjectives, they have tended to avoid studying aesthetic adjectives — the class of adjectives that play a central role in expressing aesthetic evaluations. And (...)
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  3.  1
    Daniel Messelken, Johan Crouse & David T. Winkler, When Childhood Ends: Estimating the Age of Young People.
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May 23rd 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    Ian Hunter, About the Dialectical Historiography of International Law.
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May 21st 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  8
    Michael Morris, The Substance Argument of Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Fixed-Form Interpretation.
    In Morris I presented in outline a new interpretation of the famous ‘substance argument’ in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. The account I presented there gave a distinctive view of Wittgenstein’s main concerns in the argument, but did not explain in detail how the argument works: how its steps are to be found in the text, and how it concludes. I remain convinced that the interpretation I proposed correctly identifies the main concerns which lie behind the argument. I return to the argument here (...)
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  2.  5
    James Tartaglia, Metz's Quest for the Holy Grail.
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  3.  4
    Friederike Moltmann, A Plural Reference Interpretation of Three-Dimensional Syntactic Trees.
    Various syntacticians have argued that coordinate structures involve a three-dimensional syntactic structure. This paper proposes an interpretation of three-dimensional syntactic structures in terms of plural reference and argues that such structures give further support for plural reference, the view that plural terms refer to several entities at once, rather than referring to a single plural individual.
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May 20th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Conor McHugh, Engel on Doxastic Correctness.
    In this paper I discuss Pascal Engel’s recent work on doxastic correctness. I raise worries about two elements of his view—the role played in it by the distinction between i -correctness and e -correctness, and the construal of doxastic correctness as an ideal of reason. I propose an alternative approach.
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  2.  6
    Neil Sinclair, On the Connection Between Normative Reasons and the Possibility of Acting for Those Reasons.
    According to Bernard Williams, if it is true that A has a normative reason to Φ then it must be possible that A should Φ for that reason. This claim is important both because it restricts the range of reasons which agents can have and because it has been used as a premise in an argument for so-called ‘internalist’ theories of reasons. In this paper I rebut an apparent counterexamples to Williams’ claim: Schroeder’s example of Nate. I argue that this (...)
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  3.  5
    Paulina Sliwa & Sophie Horowitz, Respecting All the Evidence.
    Plausibly, you should believe what your total evidence supports. But cases of misleading higher-order evidence—evidence about what your evidence supports—present a challenge to this thought. In such cases, taking both first-order and higher-order evidence at face value leads to a seemingly irrational incoherence between one’s first-order and higher-order attitudes: you will believe P, but also believe that your evidence doesn’t support P. To avoid sanctioning tension between epistemic levels, some authors have abandoned the thought that both first-order and higher-order evidence (...)
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May 19th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  7
    Matteo Colombo, Marie Postma & Jan Sprenger, Explanatory Judgment, Probability, and Abductive Inference.
    Abductive reasoning assigns special status to the explanatory power of a hypothesis. But how do people make explanatory judgments? Our study clarifies this issue by asking: How does the explanatory power of a hypothesis cohere with other cognitive factors? How does probabilistic information affect explanatory judgments? In order to answer these questions, we conducted an experiment with 671 participants. Their task was to make judgments about a potentially explanatory hypothesis and its cognitive virtues. In the responses, we isolated three constructs: (...)
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  2.  3
    Wayne C. Myrvold, Quantum Mechanics and Narratability.
    As has been noted by several authors, in a relativistic context, there is an interesting difference between classical and quantum state evolution. For a classical system, a state history of a quantum system given along one foliation uniquely determines, without any consideration of the system's dynamics, a state history along any other foliation. This is not true for quantum state evolution; there are cases in which a state history along one foliation is compatible with multiple distinct state histories along some (...)
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  3.  5
    David S. Oderberg, Divine Premotion.
    According to divine premotionism, God does not merely create and sustain the universe. He also moves all secondary causes to action as instruments without undermining their intrinsic causal efficacy. I explain and uphold the premotionist theory, which is the theory of St Thomas Aquinas and his most prominent exponents. I defend the premotionist interpretation of Aquinas in some textual detail, with particular reference to Suarez and to a recent paper by Louis Mancha. Critics, including Molinists and Suarezians, raise various objections (...)
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May 18th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  5
    Ian Hunter, Heideggerian Mathematics: Badiou's Being and Event as Spiritual Pedagogy.
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  2.  4
    Peter Mack, Montaigne on Reading.
    Montaigne’s wide and critical reading contributed enormously to his writing. that we know more about Montaigne’s reading than any other Renaissance author. This chapter begins by discussing the books Montaigne read and the comments he made on his reading. It argues that we should take seriously his advice to read in order to become wise, by discovering one’s own views, rather than to become learned, by summarizing the views of others. It describes Montaigne’s method of writing in reaction to his (...)
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  3.  3
    J. Saatsi, Models, Idealisations, and Realism.
    I explore a challenge that idealisations pose to scientific realism and argue that the realist can best accommodate idealisations by capitalising on certain modal features of idealised models that are underwritten by laws of nature.
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  4.  12
    Gerald Hull, A Normative Approach to Moral Realism.
    The realist belief in robustly attitude-independent evaluative truths – more specifically, moral truths – is challenged by Sharon Street’s essay “A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value”. We know the content of human normative beliefs and attitudes has been profoundly influenced by a Darwinian natural selection process that favors adaptivity. But if simple adaptivity can explain the content of our evaluative beliefs, any connection they might have with abstract moral truth would seem to be purely coincidental. She continues the (...)
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May 17th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Graham Oddie, What Accuracy Could Not Be.
    Two different programs are in the business of explicating accuracy—the truthlikeness program and the epistemic utility program. Both assume that truth is the goal of inquiry, and that among inquiries that fall short of realizing the goal some get closer to it than others. TL theorists have been searching for an account of the accuracy of propositions. EU theorists have been searching for an account of the accuracy of credal states. Both assume we can make cognitive progress in an inquiry (...)
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May 16th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  12
    Corey W. Dyck, Kant on Wolff's General Logic.
    In this paper, I consider the basis for Kant's praise of Wolff's general logic as "the best we have." I argue that Wolff's logic was highly esteemed by Kant on account of its novel analysis of the three operations of the mind (tres operationes mentis), in the course of which Wolff formulates an argument for the priority of the understanding's activity of judging.
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May 15th 2016 GMT
New books
  1.  4
    L. N. & K. I., k.
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Manuscripts
  1.  31
    Anil Gomes & Craig French, Still Particular: A Reply to Ganson and Mehta.
    We are grateful to Ganson and Mehta (forthcoming) for their reply to our defence of phenomenal particularism against the objections raised by Mehta in his (2014). Their reply clarifies the nature of their objections to phenomenal particularism and helps identify the locus of our disagreements. In what follows we aim to defend phenomenal particularism against the objections raised in their reply.
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May 14th 2016 GMT
volume 104, issue 3, 2016
  1.  25
    Philip Kremer, Matching Topological and Frame Products of Modal Logics.
    The simplest combination of unimodal logics \ into a bimodal logic is their fusion, \, axiomatized by the theorems of \. Shehtman introduced combinations that are not only bimodal, but two-dimensional: he defined 2-d Cartesian products of 1-d Kripke frames, using these Cartesian products to define the frame product \. Van Benthem, Bezhanishvili, ten Cate and Sarenac generalized Shehtman’s idea and introduced the topological product \, using Cartesian products of topological spaces rather than of Kripke frames. Frame products have been (...)
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