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Jan 22nd 2015 GMT
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    Corey W. Dyck, Between Wolffianism and Pietism: Baumgarten's Rational Psychology.
    In this paper, I consider Baumgarten’s views on the soul in the context of the Pietist critique of Wolff’s rational psychology. My primary aim is to account for the largely unacknowledged differences between Wolff’s and Baumgarten’s rational psychology, though I also hope to show that, in some cases, the Pietists were rather more perceptive in their reading of Wolff than they are typically given credit for as their criticisms frequently succeed in drawing attention to significant omissions in Wolff’s discussion.
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    Richard Oxenberg, Love and Death in the First Epistle of John: A Phenomenological Reflection.
    “Whoever does not love abides in death,” writes John in his first epistle (1Jn 3:10). The statement, on the face of it, presents us with a paradox. Death, so we suppose, is precisely that in which one cannot abide. To ‘abide’ is to live in, to make one’s home in. Our first thought is to interpret this as metaphor. John is saying that a life devoid of love is a life somehow like death. And yet a moment’s reflection reveals that (...)
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    Richard Oxenberg, My Understanding of the Biblical God: A Brief 'Interreligious' Reflection.
    In this brief paper I reflect upon the Bible's portrayal of God as pointing beyond itself toward a spiritual truth many religions can embrace, a truth only imperfectly expressed in the biblical portrait itself. A full recognition of this can lead us to a deeper and more satisfying appreciation of the Bible.
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    Richard Oxenberg, Philosopher Kings and the Kingdom of Ends: On Democracy's Need for a Moral-Civic Pedagogy.
    The Athenian statesman Pericles makes one of the first, and most eloquent, statements concerning the meaning of democracy in his funeral oration of 430 B.C.E.: "Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. When it is a question of settling private disputes, everyone is equal before the law; when it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is. . (...)
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    Richard Oxenberg, The Lure of the Advertising Image: A Platonic Analysis.
    Sut Jhally begins his essay “Advertising at the Edge of the Apocalypse” with the following provocative claim: “20th century advertising is the most powerful and sustained system of propaganda in human history and its cumulative effects, unless quickly checked, will be responsible for destroying the world as we know it.” Jhally argues that the advertising industry, in fostering an association between human aspiration and desire for consumable goods, creates an artificial demand for such goods that is, at once, far in (...)
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    Richard Oxenberg, The Problem of Despair: A Kierkegaardian Reading of the Book of Job.
    The Book of Job is often read as the Bible's response to theodicy's 'problem of evil.' As a resolution to the logical difficulties of this problem, however, it is singularly unsatisfying. Job's ethical protest against God is never addressed at the level of the ethical. But suggested in Job's final encounter with God is the possibility of a spiritual resolution beyond the ethical. In this paper I examine the Book of Job as a response to the spiritual problem of despair; (...)
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    Douglas W. Portmore, Acts, Attitudes, and Rational Control.
    I argue that when determining whether an agent ought to perform an act, we should not hold fixed the fact that she’s going to form certain attitudes (and, here, I’m concerned with only reasons-responsive attitudes such as beliefs, desires, and intentions). For, as I argue, agents have, in the relevant sense, just as much control over which attitudes they form as which acts they perform. This is important because what effect an act will have on the world depends not only (...)
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Jan 19th 2015 GMT
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, The Right of Democracies to Sanction Other Democracies.
    Avia Pasternak argues for a right that democracies have to sanction other democracies. This paper reconstructs her argument and objects to one of its premises.
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Jan 15th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Sonderegger, Platons Timaios und Kants Übergangsschrift (2015).
    Following the structuring hints given by Plato in his Timaeus} you find, that the dialogue – actually Timaeus' lecture – falls in two parts, not in three as Cornford, Brisson and others suggest. The main division follows the two invocations of the gods (27c, 48d). The first part presents the world in its noetic form, poetically described as the work of the demiurg. Timaeus opens this part giving first his premises in the form of an introduction, which lead his presentation. (...)
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    Steven M. Duncan, Negative Emotions.
    I have a theory of the emotions that many people find unflattering. I contend that all emotions, as such, are negative and neither life-enhancing or truth-connected. In this essay, I present this theory and my reasons for it.
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Jan 13th 2015 GMT
volume 6, issue 1, 2015
  1. Lajos L. Brons, Wang Chong, Truth, and Quasi-Pluralism.
    In (2011) McLeod suggested that the first century Chinese philosopher Wang Chong 王充 may have been a pluralist about truth. In this reply I contest McLeod's interpretation of Wang Chong, and suggest "quasi-pluralism" (albeit more as an alternative to pluralism than as an interpretation of Wang Chong), which combines primitivism about the concept of truth with pluralism about justification.
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  1. Alexus Mcleod, Replies to Brons and Mou on Wang Chong and Pluralism.
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  2. Bo Mou, Rooted and Rootless Pluralist Approaches to Truth:Two Distinct Interpretations of Wang Chong’ Account.
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  3. Sarah Sawyer, Contrastivism and Anti-Individualism: A Response to Aikin and Dabay.
    In this paper I clarify my argument for the claim that contrastive self-knowledge entails anti-individualism.
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    Steven M. Duncan, Objections to Dualism.
    In this essay, I discuss the standard objections to substance dualism and conclude that they are far less formidable than is usually supposed.
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    Holger A. Leuz, Note on Absolute Provability and Cantorian Comprehension.
    We will explicate Cantor’s principle of set existence using the Gödelian intensional notion of absolute provability and John Burgess’ plural logical concept of set formation. From this Cantorian Comprehension principle we will derive a conditional result about the question whether there are any absolutely unprovable mathematical truths. Finally, we will discuss the philosophical significance of the conditional result.
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Jan 11th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Douglas Ehring, Transcendental Arguments: Verification Or Parasitism?
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  2. Veronique Foti, The Functions And Ordering Of The Theistic Arguments In Descartes' Meditations.
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  3. Corbin Fowler & Thomas Manig, Freedom: Animal Rights, Human Rights, And Superhuman Rights.
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  4. Peter Gärdenfors, Computational Complexity and Cognitive Science : How the Body and the World Help the Mind Be Efficient.
    This book illustrates the program of Logical-Informational Dynamics. Rational agents exploit the information available in the world in delicate ways, adopt a wide range of epistemic attitudes, and in that process, constantly change the world itself. Logical-Informational Dynamics is about logical systems putting such activities at center stage, focusing on the events by which we acquire information and change attitudes. Its contributions show many current logics of information and change at work, often in multi-agent settings where social behavior is essential, (...)
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  5. Charles Griswold, Fichte's Modification Of Kant's Transcendental Idealism In The Wissenschaftslehre of 1794 and Introductions of 1797.
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  6. Jose Hernandez-Orallo, David Dowe & M. Victoria Hernandez-Lloreda, Universal Psychometrics: Measuring Cognitive Abilities in the Machine Kingdom.
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  7. Jack K. Horner, Second Thoughts On Sarah's First Signs.
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  8. Graham Oppy, Abstract Objects? Who Cares!
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  9. Graham Oppy, Describing Gods: An Investigation of Divine Attributes.
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  10. Graham Oppy, Reinventing Philosophy of Religion: An Opinionated Introduction.
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  11. Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Beatrice Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah, Exploitation and Community Engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards Successfully Assume a Role Minimising Exploitation in International Research?
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  12. John Thrasher, Ordering Anarchy.
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  13. Lee Walters, Serial Fiction, the End?
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Jan 10th 2015 GMT
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    Matthias Neuber, Ostwald, Weber und die 'energetischen Grundlagen' der Kulturwissenschaft.
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Jan 9th 2015 GMT
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  1. Robert Northcott & A. Alexandrova, Prisoner's Dilemma Doesn't Explain Much.
    Book synopsis: The Prisoner's Dilemma is one of the most fiercely debated thought experiments in philosophy and the social sciences, presenting the simple insight that when two or more agents interact, the actions that most benefit each individual do not benefit the group. The fact that when you do what is best for you, and I do what is best for me, we end up in a situation that is worse for both of us makes the Prisoner's Dilemma relevant to (...)
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Jan 7th 2015 GMT
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  1. Tanja Staehler, Social Networks as Inauthentic Sociality.
    This article argues that social networks constitute an inauthentic form of sociality. The two component concepts of this claim, inauthenticity and sociality, are explored in order to avoid some widespread misinterpretations. Inauthenticity is examined on the basis of the relevant sections in Heidegger’s 'Being and Time', first with respect to its main characteristics, then in terms of what motivates it and its benefits, and finally with respect to its status as a non-normative concept. The second part of the paper explores (...)
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    Kieran Setiya, Selfish Reasons.
    Argues against the rationality of self-concern. Non-instrumental interest in my own well-being is not justified by the fact that it is mine. This follows from the metaphysics of first-person thought, as thought about the object of immediate knowledge. The argument leaves room for rational self-interest as a form of self-love that is justified, like love for others, by the fact of our shared humanity.
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Jan 6th 2015 GMT
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  1. Marek Kwiek, Introduction.
    The present book is devoted to "European connections of Richard Rorty’s neopragmatism". The theme, chosen carefully and intentionally, is supposed to show the motivation behind the writing of the present work, as well as to show its intended extent. Let us consider briefly the first three parts of the theme, to enlighten a little our intentions. ''European'1 is perhaps the most important description for it was precisely this thread that was most important to me, being the only context seriously taken (...)
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  2. Marek Kwiek, Philosophy of Recontextualization, Recontextualization of Philosophy. General Remarks.
    Let us begin our more detailed discussions with a rather general chapter that is an attempt to get close to Richard Rorty’s philosophical discourse on as broad a plane as possible and with a brief and introductory analysis of certain themes, questions and issues present in his recent books. Thus this will be a chapter not so much introducing to a wider context but rather introducing to Rorty’s thought itself. In the next chapters there will appear in the form of (...)
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  3. Marek Kwiek, The Question of Self-Creation.
    I would like to take into consideration in this chapter the possibility of Richard Rorty's evolution of views in terms of - suggested by him - distinction between the private and the public as well as in terms of his dichotomous pair of "solidarity" and "self-creation". My efforts would aim at showing that Rorty as a commentator on other philosophers is more and more inclined to value the significance of a self-creational, developing one's "final vocabulary" way of philosophizing, while on (...)
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    Desh Raj Sirswal, दर्शन, सृजनात्मकता और मानवीय सम्बन्ध (Philosophy, Creativity and Human Relations).
    सारांश -/- मानवीय-सम्बन्ध सदियों से दर्शन और साहित्य के अध्ययन का मुख्य विषय रहा है. जब भी हम मानवीय सम्बन्धों के विवेचन पर जाते है तब हम इनकी प्रकृति, व्यक्तिगत और सामाजिक सम्बन्धों की प्रमाणिकता के सम्बन्ध में बात करते हैं और हम केवल दार्शनिक विचारों तक ही सीमित नहीं रहते बल्कि हमें मनोविज्ञानिकों, समाजशास्त्रियों, राजनीतिक विचारकों के साथ-साथ साहित्यकारों द्वारा दी गयी व्याख्याओं का भी अध्ययन करना पड़ता है क्यूंकि यह अन्तर्रविषयी अध्ययन का विषय है. जब भी मानवीय सम्बन्धों (...)
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Jan 4th 2015 GMT
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    William A. Edmundson, Do Animals Need Citizenship?
    An ambitious proposal by Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka seeks to break out of an impasse that animal-rights advocacy seems to have reached. They divide the animal kingdom into three categories and distribute rights accordingly. Domesticated animals are to be treated as citizens, enjoying the same rights and duties as human citizens (adjusting for relevant differences in ability, just as we do for children and the severely cognitively handicapped). Wild animal species are to be treated as sovereign nations having rights (...)
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    William A. Edmundson, Distributive Justice and Distributed Obligations.
    Collectivities, that is, groups constituted by some procedure for making group decisions, can be agents. Collectivities can be moral agents if they can appreciate and act upon moral reasons. Collectivities thus can have obligations that are not simply the aggregate of preexisting obligations of their members. Certain kinds of collective obligation distribute over their membership, i.e., become members’ obligations to do a fair share to fulfill the collectivity’s obligation. In incremental good cases, i.e., those in which a member’s fair share (...)
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Jan 3rd 2015 GMT
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    Sergeiy Sandler, A Strange Kind of Kantian: Bakhtin’s Reinterpretation of Kant and the Marburg School.
    This paper looks at the ways in which Mikhail Bakhtin had appropriated the ideas of Kant and of the Marburg neo-Kantian school. While Bakhtin was greatly indebted to Kantian philosophy, and is known to have referred to himself as a neo-Kantian, he rejects the main tenets of neo-Kantianism. Instead, Bakhtin offers a substantial re-interpretation of Kantian thought. His frequent borrowings from neo-Kantian philosophers (Hermann Cohen, Paul Natorp, and others) also follow a distinctive pattern of appropriation, whereby blocks of interconnected ideas (...)
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Jan 2nd 2015 GMT
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  1. Yves Laberge, Review: Eating Together: Food, Friendship, and Inequality. [REVIEW]
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    Kenneth Taylor, Selfhood as Self Representation.
    This essay In this essay develops and defends the view that a “self “ is nothing but a creature that bears the property of selfhood, where bearing selfhood is, in turn, nothing but having the capacity to deploy self-representations. Self-representations, it is argued, are very special things. They are distinguished from other sorts of representations,not by what they represent – mysterious inner entities called selves, say -- but by how they represent what they represent. A self-representation represents nothing but a (...)
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Dec 30th 2014 GMT
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    Peter G. Jones, Do We Regularly Make a Mistake in Metaphysics?
    We should cherish metaphysics for its power to overcome false views and yet we admonish it for its ongoing failure. Is it possible that this is for the embarrassingly simple reason that we usually ignore Aristotle’s definition for a legitimate contradictory pair?
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    Joseph Raz, Normativity: The Place of Reasoning.
    It is more or less common ground that an important aspect of the explanation of normativity relates it to the way Reason (our rational powers), reasons (for beliefs, emotions, actions, etc.) and reasoning, with all its varieties and domains, are inter-connected. The relation of reasoning to reasons is the topic of this this paper. It does not start from a tabula rasa. It presupposes that normativity has to do with the ability to respond rationally to reasons, and with responding to (...)
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