New manuscripts

From the most recently added
Feb 13th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    Garin Dowd, Dislocations: Framing and Agency Between Cinema and Architecture.
    This paper explores the framing qualities of architecture in conjunction with the framing operations of cinema. In doing so it refers to philosophical inquiry into architecture and to architectural philosophy as well as to attempts to think film and the architectural together. In what sense or senses can architecture be considered ‘primary’ in relation to cinema? This first question will be explored by considering the inscription or encompassment of the architectural as a foundational gesture in cinema. Even if film does (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  1
    Garin Dowd, Genre Trajectories: Identifying, Mapping, Projecting.
    This book provides a fresh interdisciplinary perspective on genre and identifies developments in genre studies in the early 21st century. Genre approaches are applied to examine a fascinating range of texts including ancient Greek philosophy, Holocaust visual and literary texts, contemporary Hollywood films, selfies, melodrama, and classroom practices.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  1
    James Pearson, Review of the Book Disagreement by Brian Frances. [REVIEW]
    Review of the book Disagreement by Bryan Frances. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  2
    T. Thompson, The Management of Time: New Orders for Executive Education.
    The non-credit bearing and ongoing education and development of mid- to late-career corporate executives is known by the compound term executive education. Reductively stated, executive education, for its corporate consumers and its business school providers, is predicated on the relationship between an order and its execution ; a relationship I call the “order-execution cognate”. With the word execution derived from Greek for sequence, and with the sequence of an execution following-on from its corresponding order, sequentiality is the essence of execution, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 12th 2016 GMT
Feb 11th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    James B. South, Fifty Years After the Fair: Mad Men Goes to the Dark.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  2
    James B. South, Is Fake All That’s Real? Mad Men Winds Down.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  1
    James B. South, Lost Horizon: “No, This is Not a Disentanglement From, but a Progressive Knotting Into.”.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  1
    James B. South, “There’s a Twinge in My Chest:” Mad Men Goes in Circles.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 10th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Julia Annas, Virtue and Heroism.
    This is the text of the Lindley Lecture for 2015 given by Julia Annas, an American philosopher.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Shan Gao, The Measurement Problem Revisited.
    It has been realized that in order to solve the measurement problem, the physical state representing the measurement result is required to be also the physical state on which the mental state of an observer supervenes. This introduces an additional restriction on the solutions to the measurement problem. In this paper, I give a new formulation of the measurement problem which lays more stress on psychophysical connection, and analyze whether Everett's theory, Bohm's theory and dynamical collapse theories can satisfy the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 9th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  11
    Jennifer Hornsby, Causality and "the Mental".
    Many analytic philosophers of mind take for granted a certain conception of causality. Assumptions deriving from that conception are in place when they problematize what they call mental causation or argue for physicalism in respect of the mental. I claim that a different conception of causality is needed for understanding many ordinary causal truths about things which act, including truths about human, minded beings — sc. rational beings who lead lives.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 8th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  2
    Jeff Noonan & Mireille Coral, The Tyranny of Work: Employability and the Neoliberal Assault on Education.
    This paper explores the ways in which neoliberal schooling is threatening education. We define education as the development of cognitive and imaginative capacities for understanding of and critical engagement with social reality. Education opens horizons of possibility for collective and individual life-experience and activity by exposing the one-sidedness and contradictions of ruling-value systems. Schooling, by contrast, subordinates thought and imagination to the reproduction of the ruling money-value system, narrowing horizons of possibility for collective and individual life to service to the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  9
    Riccardo Pinosio & Michiel van Lambalgen, THE LOGIC OF TIME AND THE CONTINUUM IN KANT's CRITICAL PHILOSOPHY.
    We aim to show that Kant’s theory of time is consistent by providing axioms whose models validate all synthetic a priori principles for time proposed in the Critique of Pure Reason. In this paper we focus on the distinction between time as form of intuition and time as formal intuition, for which Kant’s own explanations are all too brief. We provide axioms that allow us to construct ‘time as formal intuition’ as a pair of continua, corresponding to time as ‘inner (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 6th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  1
    Gopal Shyam Nair, Conflicting Reasons, Unconflicting ‘Ought's.
    One of the popular albeit controversial ideas in the last century of moral philosophy is that what we ought to do is explained by our reasons. And one of the central features of reasons that accounts for their popularity among normative theorists is that they can conflict. But I argue that the fact that reasons conflict actually also poses two closely related problems for this popular idea in moral philosophy. The first problem is a generalization of a problem in deontic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Gopal Shyam Nair, Moral Dilemmas.
    A moral dilemma is a situation where an agent’s obligations conflict. Debate in this area focuses on the question of whether genuine moral dilemmas exist. This question involves considering not only the nature and significance of dilemmas, but also the connections between dilemmas, the logic of obligation, and moral emotions.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  8
    Gopal Shyam Nair & John Horty, The Logic of Reasons.
    Reasons figure large in our ordinary talk of deliberating about or justifying actions or conclusions. Suppose, for example, you want to convince a friend to dine with you at Obelisk tonight. Typically, you will offer reasons—there is a new chef, the reviews have been excellent. Or suppose you want to explain why you believe raccoons have been in the backyard. You will offer your evidence, again, typically, in the form of reasons—the garbage was broken into, those tracks look like raccoon (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  1
    Darrell Rowbottom, Book Review : Mélanie Frappier, Letitia Meynell, and James R. Brown, Eds., Thought Experiments in Science, Philosophy, and the Arts. [REVIEW]
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  1
    Kun Zhang, Zhikun Wang, Jiji Zhang & Bernhard Scholkopf, On Estimation of Functional Causal Models : General Results and Application to the Post-Nonlinear Causal Model.
    Compared to constraint-based causal discovery, causal discovery based on functional causal models is able to identify the whole causal model under appropriate assumptions [Shimizu et al. 2006; Hoyer et al. 2009; Zhang and Hyvärinen 2009b]. Functional causal models represent the effect as a function of the direct causes together with an independent noise term. Examples include the linear non-Gaussian acyclic model, nonlinear additive noise model, and post-nonlinear model. Currently, there are two ways to estimate the parameters in the models: (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. N. Angel Pinillos, Nick Smith, Gopal Shyam Nair, Peter Marchetto & Cecilea Mun, Philosophy's New Challenge: Experiments and Intentional Action.
    Experimental philosophers have gathered impressive evidence for the surprising conclusion that philosophers' intuitions are out of step with those of the folk. As a result, many argue that philosophers' intuitions are unreliable. Focusing on the Knobe Effect, a leading finding of experimental philosophy, we defend traditional philosophy against this conclusion. Our key premise relies on experiments we conducted which indicate that judgments of the folk elicited under higher quality cognitive or epistemic conditions are more likely to resemble those of the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 5th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  2
    Maria Şerban & Sara Green, Book Review: Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial Perspective. [REVIEW]
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Ronnie Hermens, Philosophy of Quantum Probability - An Empiricist Study of its Formalism and Logic.
    The use of probability theory is widespread in our daily life as well as in scientific theories. In virtually all cases, calculations can be carried out within the framework of classical probability theory. A special exception is given by quantum mechanics, which gives rise to a new probability theory: quantum probability theory. This dissertation deals with the question of how this formalism can be understood from a philosophical and physical perspective. The dissertation is divided into three parts. In the first (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  3
    Ruth Kastner, The Born Rule and Free Will.
    In the libertarian ``agent causation'' view of free will, free choices are attributable only to the choosing agent, as opposed to a specific cause or causes outside the agent. An often-repeated claim in the philosophical literature on free will is that agent causation necessarily implies lawlessness, and is therefore ``antiscientific." That claim is critiqued and it is argued, on the contrary, that the volitional powers of a free agent need not be viewed as anomic, specifically with regard to the quantum (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  5
    Simon Robertson, Nietzsche and Value: Flourishing and Excellence.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  7
    Christian Damböck, Statistischer Anhang zu "Deutscher Empirismus".
    Die hier zusammengefassten statistischen Daten waren ursprünglich als Teil meiner Habilitationsschrift "〈Deutscher Empirismus〉. Studien zur Philosophie im deutschsprachigen Raum 1830-1930" (erscheint 2016 oder 2017 bei Springer) gedacht. In der Endfassung des Manuskripts wurden diese Daten jedoch nicht mehr im Detail aufgenommen, weil sich herausgestellt hat, dass eine plausible Interpretation dieses Materials den Rahmen meiner Arbeit bei weitem sprengen und umfangreiche zusätzliche Recherchen erfordern würde. Dieses Dokument versteht sich als Skizze zu einer in Zukunft noch zu schreibenden Arbeit zur Universitätsstatistik und (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  7
    Terence Rajivan Edward, On a Nineteenth Century Argument Against Armchair Anthropologists Doing Fieldwork.
    In the nineteenth century, there were concerns about the reliability of the amateur sources which academic anthropologists relied on. It was proposed that such anthropologists leave their armchairs, go out and study primitive societies themselves. But an argument was also put forward against doing this. In this paper, I reconstruct the argument and defend it against one objection which is likely to be made today. But I also point out that it is vulnerable to another objection.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 4th 2016 GMT
New books
  1. Debra Nails & Harold Tarrant (eds.) (2015). Second Sailing: Alternative Perspectives on Plato. Societas Scientiarum Fennica.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
volume 31, issue 3, 2015
  1.  57
    Luc Bovens, Concerns for the Poorly Off in Ordering Risky Prospects.
    The Distribution View provides a model that integrates four distributional concerns in the evaluation of risky prospects. Starting from these concerns, we can generate an ordering over a set of risky prospects, or, starting from an ordering, we can extract a characterization of the underlying distributional concerns. Separability of States and/or Persons for multiple-person risky prospects, for single-person risky prospects and for multiple-person certain prospects are discussed within the model. The Distribution View sheds light on public health policies and provides (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
volume 52, issue , 2015
  1.  20
    Sarita Rosenstock, Thomas William Barrett & James Owen Weatherall, On Einstein Algebras and Relativistic Spacetimes.
    In this paper, we examine the relationship between general relativity and the theory of Einstein algebras. We show that according to a formal criterion for theoretical equivalence recently proposed by Halvorson and Weatherall, the two are equivalent theories.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  2.  44
    Yuichiro Kitajima & Miklós Rédei, Characterizing Common Cause Closedness of Quantum Probability Theories.
    We prove new results on common cause closedness of quantum probability spaces, where by a quantum probability space is meant the projection lattice of a non-commutative von Neumann algebra together with a countably additive probability measure on the lattice. Common cause closedness is the feature that for every correlation between a pair of commuting projections there exists in the lattice a third projection commuting with both of the correlated projections and which is a Reichenbachian common cause of the correlation. The (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  20
    John D. Norton, The Burning Fuse Model of Unbecoming in Time.
    Please imagine a long fuse hanging down from the ceiling. It is a carefully woven tube of fabric that holds a core of gunpowder. We note that it is beautifully made, with brightly colored threads intertwined with the coarser bare cotton. It a masterpiece of the modern weaver's art.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
Manuscripts
  1.  3
    Holger Baumann & Barbara Bleisch, Respecting Children and Children’s Dignity.
    The concept of human dignity has remained surprisingly absent from philosophical discussions about the ethics of childhood so far. Likewise, children as a group are mostly neglected in the ongoing discourse on human dignity. In this paper, we attempt to close this double gap by showing that there is, first, a meaningful way to speak of children’s dignity, and that, second, considering children as a group can be illuminating for dignity theorists in general. After an analysis of the reasons why (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 2nd 2016 GMT
volume 46, issue 2, 2016
  1.  28
    James Read, The Interpretation of String-Theoretic Dualities.
    We analyse the possibility that string-theoretic dualities present a case of strong underdetermination of theory by evidence. Drawing on the parallel discussion of the hole argument, we assess the possible interpretations of dualities. We conclude that there exist at least two defensible interpretations on which dualities do not present a worrying case of underdetermination per se.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Manuscripts
  1.  8
    Marcus Giaquinto, Mathematical Proofs: The Beautiful and The Explanatory.
    Mathematicians sometimes judge a mathematical proof to be beautiful and in doing so seem to be making a judgement of the same kind as aesthetic judgements of works of visual art, music or literature. Mathematical proofs are also appraised for explanatoriness: some proofs merely establish their conclusions as true, while others also show why their conclusions are true. This paper will focus on the prima facie plausible assumption that, for mathematical proofs, beauty and explanatoriness tend to go together. To make (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  4
    Dietmar Heidemann, Kant’s Aesthetic Nonconceptionalism.
    The debate about Kantian conceptualism and non-conceptualism has completely overlooked the importance of Kant’s aesthetics. I show how this debate can be significantly advanced by exploring Kant’s aesthetics, that is, the theory of judgments of taste and the doctrine of the aesthetic genius of the third Critique. The analysis of judgments of taste demonstrates that non-conceptual mental content is a condition of the possibility of aesthetic experience. The subsequent discussion of the doctrine of the aesthetic genius reveals that aesthetic ideas (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  8
    Marc Lange, Explanatory Proofs and Beautiful Proofs.
    This paper concerns the relation between a proof’s beauty and its explanatory power – that is, its capacity to go beyond proving a given theorem to explaining why that theorem holds. Explanatory power and beauty are among the many virtues that mathematicians value and seek in various proofs, and it is important to come to a better understanding of the relations among these virtues. Mathematical practice has long recognized that certain proofs but not others have explanatory power, and this paper (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  7
    Christopher Norris, Adversus Mathematicos.
    A poem about relationship between mathematics and the human experience of time.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  9
    Richard Oxenberg, Bloodthink, Doublethink, and the Duplicitous Mind: On the Need for Critical Thinking in a Just Society.
    "Crooked people deceive themselves in order to deceive others; in this way the world comes to ruin." This quote from a medieval Confucianist expresses the ethical danger of self-deception. My paper examines the psychological proclivity for self-deception and argues that it lies behind much social and interpersonal injustice. I review Hitler's Mein Kampf, as a premiere example of such cognitive duplicity, and Socratic dialectic, as an example of the cognitive hygiene necessary to combat it. I conclude that a robust educational (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Feb 1st 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    A. J. Walsh, Sport, Commerce and the Market.
    Over the past 50 years, we have witnessed a revolution in the organisation and social understanding of elite sport. Elite sport has been commercialised. Top-level athletes have become professionals who often receive remarkable levels of income and sporting events, such as the World Cup, are multi-billion dollar exercises that attract enormous levels of sponsorship. Many sports, such as cricket, have been substantially revamped in order to make them more appealing to mass audiences and, accordingly, more beneficial to sponsors and many (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Jan 31st 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  7
    Zvi Biener, De Gravitatione Reconsidered: The Changing Significance of Empirical Evidence for Newton's Metaphysics of Space.
    I argue that Isaac Newton's _De Gravitatione_ should not be considered an authoritative expression of his thought about the metaphysics of space and its relation to physical inquiry. I establish the following narrative: In _De Gravitatione_, Newton claimed he had direct experimental evidence for the work's central thesis: that space had ``its own manner of existing'' as an affection or emanative effect. In the 1710s, however, through the prodding of both Roger Cotes and G. W. Leibniz, he came to see (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Richard Bradley, Supporters and Underminers: Reply to Chandler.
    In ‘A Defence of the Ramsey Test’, I argued that the triviality results for the Ramsey Test hypothesis were misdirected and that we should instead reject one or more of the premises of these results. The Preservation condition, in particular, seemed doubtful to me and I offered two arguments for rejecting it; one which relied on a commutativity condition for belief revision and the other on a general version of Modus Ponens. In his discussion paper Chandler contests the significance of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  4
    Richard Dawid & Stephan Hartmann, The No Miracles Argument Without the Base Rate Fallacy.
    According to an argument by Colin Howson, the no-miracles argument is contingent on committing the base-rate fallacy and is therefore bound to fail. We demonstrate that Howson's argument only applies to one of two versions of the no-miracles argument. The other, more considerate version is not adequately reconstructed in Howson's approach and thus remains unaffected by his line of reasoning. We provide a Bayesian reconstruction of this version of the no-miracles argument and show that it is valid. We then proceed (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  8
    James F. McGrath, Monotheism.
    James McGrath's contribution to the forthcoming edition, Vocabulary for the Study of Religion.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
Jan 30th 2016 GMT
Manuscripts
  1.  4
    Jessica Cisewski, Joseph B. Kadane, Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Rafael Stern, Sleeping Beauty’s Credences.
    The Sleeping Beauty problem has spawned a debate between “Thirders” and “Halfers” who draw conflicting conclusions about Sleeping Beauty’s credence that a coin lands Heads. Our analysis is based on a probability model for what Sleeping Beauty knows at each time during the Experiment. We show that conflicting conclusions result from different modeling assumptions that each group makes. Our analysis uses a standard “Bayesian” account of rational belief with conditioning. No special handling is used for self-locating beliefs or centered propositions. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    Patrick Kane & Kevin J. S. Zollman, An Evolutionary Comparison of the Handicap Principle and Hybrid Equilibrium Theories of Signaling.
    The handicap principle has come under significant challenge both from empirical studies and from theoretical work. As a result, a number of alternative explanations for honest signaling have been proposed. This paper compares the evolutionary plausibility of one such alternative, the "hybrid equilibrium," to the handicap principle. We utilize computer simulations to compare these two theories as they are instantiated in Maynard Smith's Sir Philip Sidney game. We conclude that, when both types of communication are possible, evolution is unlikely to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  5
    Alex John London & Jonathan Kimmelman, Why Clinical Translation Cannot Succeed Without Failure.
    The high rates of attrition that occur in drug development are widely regarded as problematic, but the failure of well-designed studies benefits both researchers and healthcare systems by, for example, generating evidence about disease theories and demonstrating the limits of proven drugs. A wider recognition of these benefits will help the biomedical research enterprise to take full advantage of all the information generated during the drug development process.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  1
    Teddy Seidenfeld, Mark J. Schervish & Joseph B. Kadane, Non-­Conglomerability for Countably Additive Measures That Are Not Κ-­Additive.
    Let κ be an uncountable cardinal. Using the theory of conditional probability associated with de Finetti and Dubins, subject to several structural assumptions for creating sufficiently many measurable sets, and assuming that κ is not a weakly inaccessible cardinal, we show that each probability that is not κ-­additive has conditional probabilities that fail to be conglomerable in a partition of cardinality no greater than κ. This generalizes our result, where we established that each finite but not countably additive probability has (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 114