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Dec 16th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. V. Van Bruggen, J. Vos, G. Westerhof, E. Bohlmeijer & G. Glas, Systematic Review of Existential Anxiety Instruments.
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  2. Eric Schliesser, Review of Steven Kates, Defending the History of Economic Thought. [REVIEW]
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    Thomas Mormann, Philipp Frank's Austro-American Logical Empiricism.
    The aim of this paper is to discuss the “Austro-American” logical empiricism proposed by physicist and philosopher Philipp Frank, particularly his interpretation of Carnap’s Aufbau, which he considered the charter of logical empiricism as a scientific world conception. According to Frank, the Aufbau was to be read as an integration of the ideas of Mach and Poincaré, leading eventually to a pragmatism quite similar to that of the American pragmatist William James. Relying on this peculiar interpretation, Frank intended to bring (...)
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Dec 15th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Will Buckingham, Telling Tales About the Yijing.
    This essay explores the cultural translation of the Chinese classic, the Book of Changes or Yijing through a reflection on my own attempts to adapt, use and misuse the text in literary form. My own engagement with the Yijing began when I set out to write a novel- of sorts based on the Chinese classic. The process of writing this novel, Sixty-Four Chance Pieces: A Book of Changes , has required not only that I culturally translate the Yijing, but that (...)
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  2. Will Buckingham, The Uncertainty Machine.
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    Louis Vervoort, Macroscopic Oil Droplets Mimicking Quantum Behavior: How Far Can We Push an Analogy?
    We describe here a series of experimental analogies between fluid mechanics and quantum mechanics recently discovered by a team of physicists. We argue that these experimental facts put ancient theoretical work by Madelung on the analogy between fluid and quantum mechanics into new light. We place these analogies in their historic and philosophical context, relating them to the de Broglie-Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics. Finally we point out several advantages of the ‘fluid-mechanical’ interpretation of quantum mechanics over the Bohm interpretation.
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Dec 10th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Did the Past Really Change in 2012?
    There is a strong intuition that the past does not ever change. In their paper ‘The puzzle of the changing past,’ Luca Barlassina and Fabio Del Prete argue that in 2012 the past changed. I show that we are not in a position to accept their argument.
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Dec 9th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Michael S. Jones, Blog Entry on "What is Philosophy of Religion?".
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Dec 8th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Chris Onof, Sartre's Understanding of the Self.
    Most readers of Sartre focus only on the works written at the peak of his influence as a public intellectual in the 1940s, notably "Being and Nothingness". "Jean-Paul Sartre: Key Concepts" aims to reassess Sartre and to introduce readers to the full breadth of his philosophy. Bringing together leading international scholars, the book examines concepts from across Sartre's career, from his initial views on the "inner life" of conscious experience, to his later conceptions of hope as the binding agent for (...)
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  2. Chris Onof, The Cost of Discarding Intuition: Russell's Paradox as Kantian Antinomy.
    Book synopsis: Held every five years under the auspices of the Kant-Gesellschaft, the International Kant Congress is the world’s largest philosophy conference devoted to the work and legacy of a single thinker. The five-volume set Kant and Philosophy in a Cosmopolitan Sense contains the proceedings of the Eleventh International Kant Congress, which took place in Pisa in 2010. The proceedings consist of 25 plenary talks and 341 papers selected by a team of international referees from over 700 submissions. The contributions (...)
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  3. Peter Schaber, Dignity Only for Humans? On the Inherent Value of Non-Human Beings.
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  4. Peter Schaber, Demanding Something.
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  5. Peter Schaber, Human Rights and Basic Needs.
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Dec 6th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Garin Dowd, And the Ship Sails On.
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Dec 5th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Daniel Smith, Metaphysics and Identity in Meister Eckhart's Theology.
    Meister Eckhart’s theology is indisputably controversial and the Papal Bull in agro dominico demonstrates the concern that the church had in Eckhart’s own time. Several scholars however, notably Bernard McGinn and Frank Tobin, have presented a more orthodox reading of Eckhart’s theology that reveals his commitment to the church and to Christian doctrine. It is unusual therefore that scholars continue to view Eckhart’s teaching on the ground and the soul’s ‘indistinct’ union with the Godhead or essence, as the pinnacle of (...)
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  2. Jennifer Wang, Modal Primitivism.
    Modal primitivism is the view that there are modal features of the world which cannot be reduced to the non-modal. Theories which embrace primitive modality are often rejected for reasons of ideological simplicity: the fewer primitive notions a theory invokes, the better. Furthermore, modal primitivism is often associated with the view that all modal features of the world are irreducibly modal, which appears unsystematic and unexplanatory. As a result, many prefer modal reductionism. This work is an articulation and defense of (...)
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Dec 2nd 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Nicholas Aroney, Subsidiarity in the Writings of Aristotle and Aquinas.
    The philosophical origins of the principle of subsidiarity must be understood historically. This chapter argues that the critical point for the emergence of the principle lay in Thomas Aquinas’s theological interpretation of Aristotle’s political philosophy and his application of it to the institutional pluralism of medieval Europe. From Aristotle, Aquinas developed the idea that human societies naturally progress from families, through villages to entire city-states, but he recognised that what Aristotle said of city-states could be applied not only to cities (...)
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  2. Garrett Zantow Bredeson, The Genesis of Heidegger's Reading of Kant.
    Since its 1929 publication, philosophers have been more or less unsure what to make of Heideggers Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics. Although it wielded more than its fair share of influence over the course of the twentieth century, its chief interpretive claims are mostly untenable today. Of course, it has always been recognized that the book was never intended as a straightforward piece of Kant interpretation. But neither does it appear to be a reliable presentation of Heideggers own thought. (...)
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Nov 28th 2014 GMT
volume 45, issue 2, 2014
  1. Simon Friederich, A Philosophical Look at the Higgs Mechanism.
    On the occasion of the recent experimental detection of a Higgs-type particle at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the paper reviews philosophical aspects of the Higgs mechanism as the presently preferred account of the generation of particle masses in the Standard Model of elementary particle physics and its most discussed extensions. The paper serves a twofold purpose: on the one hand, it offers an introduction to the Higgs mechanism and its most interesting philosophical aspects to readers not familiar with (...)
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  1. David Ingram, Poverty Knowledge, Coercion, and Social Rights: A Discourse Ethical Contribution to Social Epistemology.
    In today’s America the persistence of crushing poverty in the midst of staggering affluence no longer incites the righteous jeremiads it once did. Resigned acceptance of this paradox is fueled by a sense that poverty lies beyond the moral and technical scope of government remediation. The failure of experts to reach agreement on the causes of poverty merely exacerbates our despair. Are the causes internal to the poor – reflecting their more or less voluntary choices? Or do they emanate from (...)
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  2. Hamid Seyedsayamdost, Reproducibility of Empirical Findings: Experiments in Philosophy and Beyond.
    The field of experimental philosophy has received considerable attention, essentially for producing results that seem highly counter-intuitive and at the same time question some of the fundamental methods used in philosophy. A substantial part of this attention has focused on the role of intuitions in philosophical methodology. One of the major contributions of experimental philosophy on this topic has been concrete evidence in support of intuitional diversity; the idea that intuitions vary systematically depending on variables such as ethnicity, socioeconomic background, (...)
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    Luca Moretti, Evidence of Expert's Evidence is Evidence.
    John Hardwig has notoriously argued that evidence that an expert has evidence for a hypothesis P is not evidence for P. In this paper I use Shogenji-Roche's theorem of transitivity of incremental confirmation to show that Hardwig's thesis is false.
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Nov 27th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Albert Atkin, Reconstruction, Recognition and Roma.
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  2. Paul Formosa, Kant on the Moral Ontology of Constructivism and Realism.
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  3. Fiona Jenkins & Katrina Hutchison, Introduction : Searching for Sofia : Gender and Philosophy in the 21st Century.
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  4. Jeanette Kennett, Addiction, Choice, and Disease : How Voluntary is Voluntary Action in Addiction?
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  5. Robert James McKenna, Epistemic Contextualism: A Normative Approach.
    I develop and argue for a version of epistemic contextualism - the view that the truth-values of ‘knowledge’ ascriptions depend upon and vary with the context in which they are uttered - that emphasises the roles played by both the practical interests of those in the context and the epistemic practices of the community of which they are part in determining the truth-values of their ‘knowledge’ ascriptions (the ‘basic contextualist thesis’). My favoured way of putting it is that the truth (...)
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  6. Richard Menary, Cognitive Integration, Enculturated Cognition and the Socially Extended Mind.
    Shaun Gallagher presents an interesting case for the social extension of mind. I argue that there is one way in which Gallagher can argue for social extension, which is continuous with an enculturated model of cognition, such as cognitive integration. This way requires us to think of the mind as extended by social/cultural practices that are specifically targeted at cognitive tasks. The other way in which Gallagher argues for social extension is that social institutions - such as museums or the (...)
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  7. Robert Sinnerbrink, Silencio : Mulholland Drive as Cinematic Romanticism.
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  8. Nicholas H. Smith, Rationality and Engagement : McDowell, Dreyfus and Zidane.
    The article examines John McDowell's attempt to rehabilitate the classical idea of the rational animal and Hubert Dreyfus's criticisms of that attempt. After outlining the 'engaged' conception of rationality which, in McDowell's view, enables the idea of the rational animal to shake off its intellectualist appearance, the objections posed by Dreyfus are presented that such a conception of rationality is inconsistent with the phenomena of everyday coping, characterised by non-conceptual 'involvement', and expertise, characterised by non-conceptual 'absorption'. Drawing on Michael Fried's (...)
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  9. John Sutton, Soul and Body.
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  10. Charlotte Werndl & Roman Frigg, Rethinking Boltzmannian Equilibrium.
    Boltzmannian statistical mechanics partitions the phase space of a sys- tem into macro-regions, and the largest of these is identified with equilibrium. What justifies this identification? Common answers focus on Boltzmann’s combinatorial argument, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, and maxi- mum entropy considerations. We argue that they fail and present a new answer. We characterise equilibrium as the macrostate in which a system spends most of its time and prove a new theorem establishing that equilib- rium thus defined corresponds to the largest (...)
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  11. Marián Zouhar & Institute of Philosophy, In Search of Faultless Disagreement.
    It is sometimes claimed that there are disagreements about matters of personal taste that are faultless; in such a case, the disputing speakers believe incompatible propositions about taste while both of them are correct in what they believe. The aim of the paper is to show that it is rather difficult to find such a notion of disagreement that would permit faultlessness in the required sense. In particular, three possible notions of disagreement are discussed; neither of them is found to (...)
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Nov 26th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Lubomira V. Radoilska, Autonomy in Psychiatric Ethics.
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Nov 25th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Fabian Dorsch, The Diversity of Disjunctivism: Review Article.
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  2. Susan James, Are Moral Rights Natural or Artificial? Hobbes and Spinoza.
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  3. Susan James, Spinoza on Philosophy, Religion and Politics.
    Event synopsis: Professor Susan James inverses Leo Strauss’ reading of Spinoza. Whereas Strauss emphasized the hidden subtext of Spinoza’s arguments, James revives the explicit debates of his time within which Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise was situated. But this is not a simple historical reconstruction. James’ close reading of the Treatise offers a radically new perspective on Spinoza’s revolutionary book – a reading that presents startling new perspective on the political, metaphysical and theological implications of the book. Given the importance of Spinoza’s (...)
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  4. Nils Kurbis, What is Interpretation? A Dilemma for Davidson.
    The core idea of Davidson’s philosophy of language is that a theory of truth constructed as an empirical theory by a radical interpreter is a theory of meaning. I discuss an ambiguity that arises from Davidson's notion of interpretation: it can either be understood as the hypothetical process of constructing a theory of truth for a language or as a process that actually happens when speakers communicate. I argue that each disambiguation is problematic and does not result in a theory (...)
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  5. Robert Northcott, Opinion Polling and Election Predictions.
    Election prediction by means of opinion polling is a rare empirical success story for social science, but one not previously considered by philosophers. I examine the details of a prominent case and draw two lessons of more general interest: 1) Methodology over metaphysics. Traditional metaphysical criteria were not a useful guide to whether successful prediction would be possible; instead, the crucial thing was selecting an effective methodology. 2) Which methodology? Success required sophisticated use of case-specific evidence from opinion polling. The (...)
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  6. Zhaochen Wang, Vincent H. di ZhangNg, Reidar Lie & Xiaomei Zhai, Following the Giant's Paces-Governance Issues and Bioethical Reflections in China.

    Background: China has become a global player in the field of biosamples research and analysis of genetic data. The Beijing Genomics Institute is a genetics factory where enormous amounts of biosamples/data from all over the world are being analyzed. Most of the global bioethics discussions focused on research conducted by scientists from industrialized countries with subjects from poorer countries. Today, however, samples from industrialized nations are being analyzed in China on an unprecedented scale. This means that one should not just (...)

    Discussion: In this paper, we will analyze the case of BGI in the context of the Chinese regulatory system in order to identify methods to regulate genetic research more effectively and to strengthen BGI’s role in international collaborative research projects. Three main issues concerning sample collection and samples/data management are addressed. Firstly, an ambiguous definition of research, which does not specifically include biosamples/data, when applied to genetic research, may cause confusion and leave loopholes in governance. Secondly, the current regulations do not provide sufficient guidelines on the details of what information to present to prospective subjects, and how to combine informed consent with strategies of re-consent, withdrawal and feedback from research. Finally, the existing regulations do not adequately address issues of genetic privacy and data protection.

    Summary: Bioethical issues related to genetic research in China may be partially due to the nature of genetic research and partially stems from the strategy of simply adopting general international guidelines into the Chinese context without detailed considerations of the local needs. However, there are no perfect readymade ethical solutions for everyone; every country faces different open questions and challenges behind what appears to be unified guidelines. Given the importance of China in international genetic research, other countries ought to be concerned about the bioethical developments in China. China should also have a substantive discussion with the international community on bioethics issues.

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  7. Susan James, Wollstonecraft and Rights.
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  8. Susan James, Wollstonecraft on Rights.
    Event synopsis: The Society for Women in Philosophy, Ireland, in conjunction with UK Society for Women in Philosophy, are hosting their first joint conference. The conference aims to explore the broad theme of Politics and Women across philosophical traditions. 2012 marks the 90th anniversary of full women's suffrage in Ireland when all women over 21 were given the right to vote. Even so only around 15% of Irish politicians are women. In recognition of the continuing disparity between the promise of (...)
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