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Mar 30th 2015 GMT
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  1. Garin Dowd, Is Critique Et Clinique Schizoanalytic?: Schizoanalysis and Deleuze’s Critical and Clinical Project.
    Deleuze never wrote the book on literature he claimed, in the filmed interviews _L’abécédaire de Gilles Deleuze_, he wanted to write. The closest he came was the volume of essays _Critique et clinique_. This chapter sets out to consider the volume in the light of schizoanalysis. The final solo-authored volume addresses the domain professionally inhabited by Guattari – the clinic. If schizoanalysis as a concept can be traced primarily to Guattari’s influence, is _Critique et clinique_ compatible with the earlier outlines (...)
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  2. Garin Dowd, Shot/Reverse Shot.
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  3. Garin Dowd, Tools for Thought.
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  4. Garin Dowd, The Movement-Image, The Time-Image and the Paradoxes of Literary and Other Modernisms.
    Which modernism or modernisms circulate in Deleuze’s two-volume work on cinema? Can one meaningfully claim that both or either The Movement-Image and The Time-Image maintain connections with literary modernism? What relationship if any may be forged between theoretical debates in the areas of literary and film studies as these have been influenced by engagement with Deleuze’s work on cinema? The first obstacle to any successful negotiation of these questions lies in the absence in the books of any reference to the (...)
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    Sergiy Melnyk, Theory of Pricing as Relativistic Kinematics.
    The algebra of transactions as fundamental measurements is constructed on the basis of the analysis of their properties and represents an expansion of the Boolean algebra. The notion of the generalized economic measurements of the economic “quantity” and “quality” of objects of transactions is introduced. It has been shown that the vector space of economic states constructed on the basis of these measurements is relativistic. The laws of kinematics of economic objects in this space have been analyzed and the stages (...)
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Mar 28th 2015 GMT
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  1. Susanne Burri, A Rights-Based Perspective on Permissible Harm.
    This thesis takes up a rights-based perspective to discuss a number of issues related to the problem of permissible harm. It appeals to a person’s capacity to shape her life in accordance with her own ideas of the good to explain why her death can be bad for her, and why each of us should have primary say over what may be done to her. The thesis begins with an investigation of the badness of death for the person who dies. (...)
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Mar 27th 2015 GMT
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    Stephen Grover, Remarks Belowground.
    Rmarks on naturalsim--the belief that there is nothing besides the subway--and non-naturalism, transcribed and edited from a notebook found on a subway train.
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Mar 26th 2015 GMT
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  1. Umut Baysan, Realization and Causal Powers.
    In this thesis, I argue that physicalism should be understood to be the view that mental properties are realized by physical properties. In doing this, I explore what the realization relation might be. Since realization is the relation that should help us formulate physicalism, I suggest that the theoretical role of realization consists in explaining some of the things that physicalists wish to explain. These are: How are mental properties metaphysically necessitated by physical properties? How are mental properties causally efficacious? (...)
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  2. Ronald J. Allen & Susan Haack, The Perils of Comparative Law Research - Justice, Truth, and Proof: Not so Simple, After All.
    Intervencions a càrrec de Ronald J. Allen i Susan Haack sobre diferents idees del pensament de Michele Taruffo.
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Mar 25th 2015 GMT
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  1. Andrew Benjamin, To Touch: Herder and Sculpture.
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  2. John Gardner, The Many Faces of the Reasonable Person.
    In this paper I attempt a general explanation of the role played by the reasonable person in law, especially but not only in the common law. I relate my explanation to some problems about the very nature of law, and some problems about the ideal of the rule of law.
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  3. Stella Sandford, Sex" and "Sexual Difference.
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  4. Dominic Wilkinson, Lachlan De Crespigny & Vicki Xafis, Ethical Language and Decision-Making for Prenatally Diagnosed Lethal Malformations.
    In clinical practice, and in the medical literature, severe congenital malformations such as trisomy 18, anencephaly, and renal agenesis are frequently referred to as ‘lethal’ or as ‘incompatible with life’. However, there is no agreement about a definition of lethal malformations, nor which conditions should be included in this category. Review of outcomes for malformations commonly designated ‘lethal’ reveals that prolonged survival is possible, even if rare. This article analyses the concept of lethal malformations and compares it to the problematic (...)
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Mar 24th 2015 GMT
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    Otto Martin Christensen, The Sublime in Art and Nature.
    A historically informed reflection on the concept of the sublime and how it applies to art works and natural objects.
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Mar 23rd 2015 GMT
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    Massimiliano Badino, Three Dogmas on Scientific Theory.
    Most philosophical accounts on scientific theories are affected by three dogmas or ingrained attitudes. These dogmas have led philosophers to choose between analyzing the internal structure of theories or their historical evolution. In this paper, I turn these three dogmas upside down. I argue (i) that mathematical practices are not epistemically neutral, (ii) that the morphology of theories can be very complex, and (iii) that one should view theoretical knowledge as the combination of internal factors and their intrinsic historicity.
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    Jason Konek, Probabilistic Knowledge and Cognitive Ability.
    Moss (2013) argues that partial beliefs, or credences can amount to knowledge in much the way that full beliefs can. This paper explores a new kind of objective Bayesianism designed to take us some way toward securing such ‘probabilistic knowledge’. Whatever else it takes for an agent’s credences to amount to knowledge, their success, or accuracy must be the product of cognitive ability or skill. The brand of Bayesianism developed here helps ensure this ability condition is satisfied. Cognitive ability, in (...)
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    Jason Konek & Ben Levinstein, The Foundations of Epistemic Decision Theory.
    According to accuracy-first epistemology, accuracy is the fundamental epistemic good. Epistemic norms — Probabilism, Conditionalization, the Principal Principle, etc. — have their binding force in virtue of helping to secure this good. To make this idea precise, accuracy-firsters invoke Epistemic Decision Theory (EpDT) to determine which epistemic policies are the best means toward the end of accuracy. Hilary Greaves and others have recently challenged the tenability of this programme. Their arguments purport to show that EpDT encourages obviously epistemically irrational behavior. (...)
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Mar 22nd 2015 GMT
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  1. Paul Magee, What Distinguishes Scholarship From Art?
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Mar 20th 2015 GMT
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  1. David Lyons, Legal Formalism and Instrumentalism-a Pathological Study.
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Mar 17th 2015 GMT
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    Nils Kurbis, Harmony, Normality and Stability.
    The paper begins with a conceptual discussion of Michael Dummett's proof-theoretic justification of deduction or proof-theoretic semantics, which is based on what we might call Gentzen's thesis: 'the introductions constitute, so to speak, the "definitions" of the symbols concerned, and the eliminations are in the end only consequences thereof, which could be expressed thus: In the elimination of a symbol, the formula in question, whose outer symbol it concerns, may only "be used as that which it means on the basis (...)
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Mar 14th 2015 GMT
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  1. Anthony Robert Booth, Analytic Islamic Philosophy.
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Mar 12th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. A. J. Cotnoir, Abelian Mereology.
    In classical extensional mereology, composition is idempotent: if x is part of y, then the sum of x and y is identical to y. In this paper, I provide a systematic and coherent formal mereology for which idempotence fails. I first discuss a number of purported counterexamples to idempotence that have been put forward in the literature. I then discuss two recent attempts at sketching non-idempotent formal mereology due to Karen Bennett and Kit Fine. I argue that these attempts are (...)
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Mar 11th 2015 GMT
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    Stephan Hartmann & Kristina Liefke, Montague Reduction, Confirmation, and the Syntax-Semantics Relation.
    Intertheoretic relations are an important topic in the philosophy of science. However, since their classical discussion by Ernest Nagel, such relations have mostly been restricted to relations between pairs of theories in the natural sciences. In this paper, we present a model of a new type of intertheoretic relation, called 'Montague Reduction', which is assumed in Montague's framework for the analysis and interpretation of natural language syntax. To motivate the adoption of our new model, we show that this model extends (...)
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    Roger Wertheimer, In Defense of Speciesism-1979.
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Mar 10th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. M. Fischer, V. Halbach, Jönne Kriener & J. Stern, Axiomatizing Semantic Theories of Truth?
    We discuss the interplay between the axiomatic and the semantic approach to truth. Often, semantic constructions have guided the development of axiomatic theories and certain axiomatic theories have been claimed to capture a semantic construction. We ask under which conditions an axiomatic theory captures a semantic construction. After discussing some potential criteria, we focus on the criterion of ℕ-categoricity and discuss its usefulness and limits.
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    Danny Frederick, Defective Equilibrium.
    I argue that the static conception of reflective equilibrium that is standard in contemporary philosophy is defective and should be replaced with a dynamic conception which prohibits ad hoc manoeuvres, encourages temporary reflective disequilibrium, and eschews all justification in favour of continuous improvement. I show how the dynamic conception can be applied to moral theory to encourage progress in moral knowledge and to make moral theory empirically testable, and how it can improve our understanding of human action.
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    Roger Wertheimer, Quotations, Displays & Autonomes.
    Post-Fregean theorists use 'quotation' to denote indifferently both colloquially called quotations (repetitions of prior utterances) and what I call 'displays': 'Rot' means red. Colloquially, quotation is a strictly historical property, not semantic or syntactic. Displays are semantically and syntactically distinctive sentential elements. Most displays are not quotations. Pure echo quotations (Cosmological arguments involve "an unnecessary shuffle") aren't displays. Frege-inspired formal languages stipulate that enquotation forms a singular term referring to the enquoted expression (type). Formalist enquotations differ semantically and syntactically from (...)
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Mar 7th 2015 GMT
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    Roger Wertheimer, Forms, Facts &Truth.
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    Roger Wertheimer, Understanding Speciesism -2005.
    People espousing human moral equality encompassing every conspecific have been unumbrageous being labeled ‘speciesists’ and likened to Nazis and Klansmen, despite the insult’s being indefensible, and, if meant seriously, enraging. Perhaps their equanimity is unruffled because anti-speciesist acquaintances are remarkably chummier with them than with real racists. -/- Anti-speciesists confuse two questions: (1) Is the bare fact of an individual’s being a human in itself a reason for us humans to deal with it as we'd like to be dealt with? (...)
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Mar 6th 2015 GMT
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    Roger Wertheimer, Slandering Speciesism -2005.
    Animal liberationists call speciesism their enemy, but speciesism, perspicuously specified, says only that being human is sufficient for having our moral status. No one thinks it necessary. Throughout history, people have imagined alter-specifics, like the crowd at a Star Wars cantina, whom they’d recognize as their moral equals. Speciesism says nothing about our treatment of nonhumans. Speciesism’s historic popularity justifies presuming it true, a presumption buttressed by the absence of sound objections to it when properly understood. Its rationality is explained (...)
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Mar 5th 2015 GMT
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  1. Andrew Benjamin, Art's Work: Derrida and Artaud and Atlan.
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  2. Andrew Benjamin, Hermeneutics and Judaic Thought.
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  3. Andrew Benjamin, Writing on Proust Today: Notes on Mauro Carbone’s 'An Unprecedented Deformation.
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  4. Laura R. Biron, Creative Work and Communicative Norms: Perspectives From Legal Philosophy.
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  5. Laura R. Biron & Lionel Bently, The Author Strikes Back: Mutating Authorship in the Expanded Universe.
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  6. Don Marquis, How to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma Concerning Randomized Clinical Trials.
    An apparent ethical dilemma arises when physicians consider enrolling their patients in randomized clinical trials. Suppose that a randomized clinical trial comparing two treatments is in progress, and a physician has an opinion about which treatment is better. The physician has a duty to promote the patient's best medical interests and therefore seems to be obliged to advise the patient to receive the treatment that the physician prefers. This duty creates a barrier to the enrollment of patients in randomized clinical (...)
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Mar 3rd 2015 GMT
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    Robert Bass, Modal Evil and Divine Necessity.
    God is often conceived as a necessary being, but if gratuitous evil is even possible, then God cannot be necessary. Two arguments are developed that the possibility of gratuitous evil is more probable than divine necessity. Thus, probably, it is impossible for God to be a necessary being. The main argument is then followed with some reflection on what this conclusion means for philosophical theism.
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    Michael Jacovides, Locke on Descartes on Unavoidable Thoughts.
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    Uwe Steinhoff, On Bazargan’s “Hybrid Account” of the Permissibility of Killing Minimally Responsible Threats.
    Saba Bazargan proposes a novel “hybrid” justification for the killing of minimally responsible threats (MRTs). His account allegedly combines two elements, namely “the complex account of liability” and “the lesser-evil discounting view.” I argue that Bazargan’s conclusion that minimally responsible threats can sometimes be killed as well as certain other conclusions that Bazargan regards as a particular advantage of his hybrid account are single-handedly generated by one element of the “hybrid account,” namely by the lesser-evil discounting view. The lesser-evil discounting (...)
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Mar 1st 2015 GMT
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, Taking the Concepts of Others Seriously.
    This paper assesses an argument against the representationalist tradition in anthropology: the tradition of reporting how a cultural group represents the world. According to the argument, anthropologists working within this tradition cannot take the concepts of those they study seriously. I defend the representationalist tradition against this argument.
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Feb 28th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. L. Bovens, Child Euthanasia: Should We Just Not Talk About It?
    Belgium has recently extended its euthanasia legislation to minors, making it the first legislation in the world that does not specify any age limit. I consider two strands in the opposition to this legislation. First, I identify five arguments in the public debate to the effect that euthanasia for minors is somehow worse than euthanasia for adults—viz. arguments from weightiness, capability of discernment, pressure, sensitivity and sufficient palliative care—and show that these arguments are wanting. Second, there is another position in (...)
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  1. Harvey Brown & D. E. Rowe, The Role of Rods and Clocks in General Relativity and the Meaning of the Metric Field.
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  2. Lucius Caviola, Adriano Mannino, Julian Savulescu & Nadira Faber, Cognitive Biases Can Affect Moral Intuitions About Cognitive Enhancement.
    Research into cognitive biases that impair human judgment has mostly been applied to the area of economic decision-making. Ethical decision-making has been comparatively neglected. Since ethical decisions often involve very high individual as well as collective stakes, analyzing how cognitive biases affect them can be expected to yield important results. In this theoretical article, we consider the ethical debate about cognitive enhancement and suggest a number of cognitive biases that are likely to affect moral intuitions and judgments about CE: status (...)
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  3. Monima Chadha, On Knowing Universals: The Nyaya Way.
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  4. Thomas Douglas, The Dual-Use Problem, Scientific Isolationism and the Division of Moral Labour.
    The dual-use problem is an ethical quandary sometimes faced by scientists and others in a position to influence the creation or dissemination of scientific knowledge. It arises when an agent is considering whether to pursue some project likely to result in the creation or dissemination of scientific knowledge, that knowledge could be used in both morally desirable and morally undesirable ways, and the risk of undesirable use is sufficiently high that it is not clear that the agent may permissibly pursue (...)
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  5. Brian D. Earp, Anders Sandberg, Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu, When is Diminishment a Form of Enhancement? : Rethinking the Enhancement Debate in Biomedical Ethics.
    The enhancement debate in neuroscience and biomedical ethics tends to focus on the augmentation of certain capacities or functions: memory, learning, attention, and the like. Typically, the point of contention is whether these augmentative enhancements should be considered permissible for individuals with no particular “medical” disadvantage along any of the dimensions of interest. Less frequently addressed in the literature, however, is the fact that sometimes the diminishment of a capacity or function, under the right set of circumstances, could plausibly contribute (...)
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  6. Tommaso Flaminio, Lluis Godo & Hykel Hosni, Coherence in the Aggregate: A Betting Method for Belief Functions on Many-Valued Events.
    Betting methods, of which de Finetti's Dutch Book is by far the most well-known, are uncertainty modelling devices which accomplish a twofold aim. Whilst providing an interpretation of the relevant measure of uncertainty, they also provide a formal definition of coherence. The main purpose of this paper is to put forward a betting method for belief functions on MV-algebras of many-valued events which allows us to isolate the corresponding coherence criterion, which we term coherence in the aggregate. Our framework generalises (...)
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  7. Dennis Lehmkuhl, P. Ghose & Harvey Brown, Einstein, the Reality of Space, and the Action-Reaction Principle.
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  8. Ignacio Mastroleo, More Considerations on Post-Trial Obligations in the Declaration of Helsinki 2013.
    The problem of transitioning research participants to the appropriate health care when the study finishes is a global problem. The publication of a new version of the Declaration of Helsinki and its public discussion is a great opportunity to discuss it. My interpretation of the Declaration of Helsinki 2013 identifies two different types of post-trial obligations, namely, access to care and access to information after research. The intended beneficiaries of these obligations are individual participants of research studies. The Declaration identifies (...)
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  9. Hannah Maslen, Nadira Faulmüller & Julian Savulescu, Pharmacological Cognitive Enhancement : How Neuroscientific Research Could Advance Ethical Debate.
    There are numerous ways people can improve their cognitive capacities: good nutrition and regular exercise can produce long-term improvements across many cognitive domains, whilst commonplace stimulants such as coffee temporarily boost levels of alertness and concentration. Effects like these have been well-documented in the medical literature and they raise few ethical issues. More recently, however, clinical research has shown that the off-label use of some pharmaceuticals can, under certain conditions, have modest cognition-improving effects. Substances such as methylphenidate and modafinil can (...)
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