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Apr 18th 2015 GMT
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  1. J. Fernandez, Précis of Transparent Minds.
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    Joseph Raz, The Guise of the Bad.
    My remarks will focus primarily on the connection between the thesis of the Guise of the Good, and actions under the Guise of the Bad. I distinguish and discuss separately two versions of the Guise of the Bad thesis. The normative version claims that it is possible to perform an action that one believes to be bad (to have bad-making features) and for the reason that it is, as the agent believes, bad. The motive version claims that an agent can, (...)
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Apr 17th 2015 GMT
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, A Solution to the Surprise Exam Paradox.
    The students’ argument against the possibility of a surprise exam assumes that the following would not occur: the teacher decides to give the exam on a certain day, the exam would not be a surprise on that day, but the teacher does not realize this. I give a reason to reject this assumption, and I argue that an attempt to reformulate the surprise exam paradox in order to allow for the assumption does not result in an acceptable argument.
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    Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, Jason Baehr & Daniel Howard-Snyder, Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations.
    What is intellectual humility? In this essay, we aim to answer this question by (i) assessing several contemporary accounts of intellectual humility, (ii) developing our own account, (iii) offering two reasons for our account, and (iv) meeting two objections and solving one puzzle.
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    Daniel Howard-Snyder, The Stump-Aquinas-Dawkins Thesis.
    Stump, Aquinas, and Dawkins & Company seem to think that objectual faith--"faith in"--is identical with propositional belief. I argue that they are wrong. More plausibly, objectual faith requires belief of the relevant proposition(s). There are other forms of faith: propositional faith, allegiant faith, and affective or global faith. We might conjecture that each of these forms of faith likewise require belief of the relevant propositions. More weakly, we might conjecture that at least one of them does. This latter thesis I (...)
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    Owen Ware, Kant's Deductions of Morality and Freedom.
    It is commonly held that Kant ventured to derive morality from freedom in Groundwork III. It is also believed that he reversed this strategy in the second Critique, attempting to derive freedom from morality instead. In this paper I set out to challenge these familiar assumptions: Kant’s argument in Groundwork III rests on a normative conception of the intelligible world, one that plays the same role as the “fact of reason” in the second Critique. Accordingly, I argue, there is no (...)
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Apr 15th 2015 GMT
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  1. Steven Burik, Invaluable Justice: Heidegger, Derrida, and Daoism on Thinking of Values and Justice.
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  2. T. Brian Mooney & Mark Nowacki, The Metaphysical, Epistemological, and Theological Background to Aquinas's Theory of Education in the De Magistro.
    This article explores the relation between Aquinas’ metaphysical, epistemological and theological ideas and his theory of education as presented in the De Magistro and other writings. Aquinas’ theory of education is based on a theological metaphysics of human nature and an account of human rationality that is grounded in human nature. In the first section after the introduction we provide a synopsis of Aquinas’ metaphysical narrative, but in a contemporary key that draws upon the resources of Analytical Thomism. However, this (...)
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  3. Mark Nowacki, Yew Leong Wong, Natalie Hong & Zechariah Zhuang, Teacher Guide to CQ: Communication, Collaboration and Socio-Emotional Skills.
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  4. Mark Nowacki & Natalie Hong, Teacher Guide to GQ: Skills for Global Citizenship.
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Apr 14th 2015 GMT
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    Bart Streumer, Why Jonas Olson Cannot Believe the Error Theory Either.
    According to Jonas Olson, "a plausible moral error theory must be an error theory about all irreducible normativity". I agree. But unlike Olson, I think that we cannot believe this error theory. I first argue that Olson is wrong to think that reasons for belief need not be irreducibly normative. I then argue that if reasons for belief are irreducibly normative, we cannot believe an error theory about all irreducible normativity. I then show that if we cannot believe this error (...)
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Apr 13th 2015 GMT
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  1. Jean‐Paul Pirnay, Etienne Baudoux, Olivier Cornu, Alain Delforge, Christian Delloye, Johan Guns, Ernst Heinen, Etienne Van den Abbeel, Alain Vanderkelen, Caroline Van Geyt, Ivan van Riet, Gilbert Verbeken, Petra De Sutter, Michiel Verlinden, Isabelle Huys, Julian Cockbain, Christian Chabannon, Kris Dierickx, Paul Schotsmans, Daniel De Vos, Thomas Rose, Serge Jennes & Sigrid Sterckx, Access to Human Tissues for Research and Product Development.
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  2. Stephen Read, Aristotle and Lukasiewicz on Existential Import.
    Jan Lukasiewicz's treatise on Aristotle's Syllogistic, published in the 1950s, has been very influential in framing contemporary understanding of Aristotle's logical systems. However, Lukasiewicz's interpretation is based on a number of tendentious claims, not least, the claim that the syllogistic was intended to apply only to non-empty terms. I show that this interpretation is not true to Aristotle's text and that a more coherent and faithful interpretation admits empty terms while maintaining all the relations of the traditional square of opposition.
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  3. Stephen Read, The Philosophy of Logic.
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Apr 12th 2015 GMT
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  1. Delia Belleri, Why Semantic Unspecificity is Not Indexicality.
    In this paper, I address the idea that certain sentences suffer from what is generally called semantic unspecificity: their meaning is determinate, but their truth conditions are not. While there tends to be agreement on the idea that semantic unspecificity differs from phenomena such as ambiguity and vagueness, some theorists have defended an account which traces it to indexicality, broadly construed. Some authors have tried to vindicate the distinction between unspecificity and indexicality and, in this paper, I pursue the same (...)
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  2. Michael Losonsky, The Preoccupation and Crisis of Analytic Philosophy.
    I propose to reconsider Gilbert Ryle’s thesis in 1956 in his introduction to The Revolution of Philosophy that “the story of twentieth-century philosophy is very largely the story of this notion of sense or meaning” and, as he writes elsewhere, the “preoccupation with the theory of meaning is the occupational disease of twentieth-century Anglo-Saxon and Austrian philoso- phy.” Ryle maintains that this preoccupation demar- cates analytic philosophy from its predecessors and that it gave philosophy a set of academic credentials as (...)
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  3. Sid Lowe, Astrid Kainzbauer, Slawomir J. Magala & Maria Daskalaki, International Business and the Balti of Meaning: Food for Thought.
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  4. Simon Rippon, On the Rational Impotence of Urges.
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  5. Ron Wilburn, The Probability of the Possible.
    In “Why is There Anything at All?” Peter van Inwagen argues that even though it was never necessary that concrete beings existed, it was always maximally probable – just short of necessity – that they did . I argue that van Inwagen’s argument fails, albeit for an interesting reason which has remained so far unnoticed in the literature: there is a critical ten- sion between two of its premises, both essential to its soundness, concerning the nature of comprehensively specified possible (...)
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Apr 11th 2015 GMT
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  1. J. Fernandez, Replies to My Critics.
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    Derek Allan, Analytic Aesthetics and the Dilemma of Timelessness.
    The paper highlights analytic aesthetics’ unacknowledged assumption that art is timeless, a view it inherited from Enlightenment thinkers such as Hume and Kant, who in turn inherited it from the Renaissance. This view, I contend, is no longer tenable because it is at obvious variance with our experience of the art of the past. Analytic aesthetics avoids examining this key problem because it confines its attention to issues such as the nature of aesthetic pleasure, whether the appreciation of art should (...)
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Apr 10th 2015 GMT
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    Emily Carson, Arithmetic and Possible Experience.
    This paper is part of a larger project about the relation between mathematics and transcendental philosophy that I think is the most interesting feature of Kant’s philosophy of mathematics. This general view is that in the course of arguing independently of mathematical considerations for conditions of experience, Kant also establishes conditions of the possibility of mathematics. My broad aim in this paper is to clarify the sense in which this is an accurate description of Kant’s view of the relation between (...)
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    Aida Míguez Barciela, A Propósito de "Of Suicide".
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Apr 7th 2015 GMT
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    Neil McDonnell, Events and Their Counterparts.
    In this paper I will argue that a particular approach to individuating events can help us account for the context-sensitivity found within our causal discourse. I will also argue that this way of understanding the context-sensitivity of our causal talk has two further benefits: it allows us to highlight a problem with well known counterexamples to the transitivity of causation and it may help resolve the problem of late pre-emption for counterfactual theories of causation. I’ll first introduce a counterpart-theory of (...)
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    Neil McDonnell, Transitivity and Proportion in Causation.
    Is the relation of causation transitive? If c is a cause of d, and d is a cause of e does it follow of necessity that c is a cause of e? To many the transitivity of causation seems like a fundamental part of our causal concept and yet in recent years there have been several counterexamples which purport to show failures of transitivity in fairly ordinary cases. In this paper I will offer a novel treatment of these cases. First (...)
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    Neil McDonnell, The Deviance in Deviant Causal Chains.
    Causal theories of action, perception and knowledge are each beset by problems of so-called ‘deviant’ causal chains. For each such theory, counterexamples are formed using odd or co-incidental causal chains to establish that the theory is committed to unpalatable claims about some intentional action, about a case of veridical perception or about the acquisition of genuine knowledge. In this paper I will argue that three well-known examples of a deviant causal chain have something in common: they each violate Yablos proportionality (...)
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    Richard Oxenberg, Caring Beings and the Immanence of Value: An Inquiry Into the Normative Foundations of Interpersonal Morality.
    It is often said that familiarity breeds contempt. More often, perhaps, it simply breeds neglect. Our familiarity with the Golden Rule obscures from us its profundity and radical nature. Both Jesus and Hillel are quoted as saying that the whole of scripture is 'summed up' in the Golden Rule, but the implications of this have rarely been noted. Judeo-Christian scripture, of course, is generally read as an appeal to transcendent value. But the Golden Rule does not make an appeal to (...)
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Apr 5th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Robert Cowan, Review Of: Moral Perception by Robert Audi. [REVIEW]
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  2. Neil McDonnell, Counterfactuals and Counterparts: Defending a Neo-Humean Theory of Causation.
    Whether there exist causal relations between guns firing and people dying, between pedals pressed and cars accelerating, or between carbon dioxide emissions and global warming, is typically taken to be a mind-independent, objective, matter of fact. However, recent contributions to the literature on causation, in particular theories of contrastive causation and causal modelling, have undermined this central causal platitude by relativising causal facts to models or to interests. This thesis flies against the prevailing wind by arguing that we must pay (...)
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  3. Sasha Mudd, Book Review. Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. [REVIEW]
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  4. Sasha Mudd, Book Review. Kristi E. Sweet, Kant on Practical Life: From Duty to History, Cambridge University Press, 2013, 223pp., $90.00 , ISBN 9781107037236. [REVIEW]
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  5. Marcus Rossberg, Second-Order Logic : Ontological and Epistemological Problems.
    In this thesis I provide a survey over different approaches to second-order logic and its interpretation, and introduce a novel approach. Of special interest are the questions whether second-order logic can count as logic in some proper sense of logic, and what epistemic status it occupies. More specifically, second-order logic is sometimes taken to be mathematical, a mere notational variant of some fragment of set theory. If this is the case, it might be argued that it does not have the (...)
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  6. Margot Strohminger, Knowledge of Modality by Imagining.
    Assertions about metaphysical modality play central roles in philosophical theorizing. For example, when philosophers propose hypothetical counterexamples, they often are making a claim to the effect that some state of affairs is possible. Getting the epistemology of modality right is thus important. Debates have been preoccupied with assessing whether imaginability—or conceivability, insofar as it’s different—is a guide to possibility, or whether it is rather intuitions of possibility—and modal intuitions more generally—that are evidence for possibility claims. The dissertation argues that the (...)
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Apr 4th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Padmasiri De Silva, An Introduction to Buddhist Psychology and Counselling: Pathways of Mindfulness-Based Therapies.
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  2. Patrick Emerton, Naturalising Natural Law? Reflections on Martin Krygier's Philip Selznick: Ideals in the World and Kristen Rundle's Forms Liberate: Reclaiming the Jurisprudence of Lon L Fuller.
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  3. Michael Fagenblat, Levinas, Judaism, Heidegger.
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  4. John Heil, Accidents, Modes, Tropes, and Universals.
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  5. David Luban, Human Rights Thinking and the Laws of War.
    In a significant early case, the ICTY commented: “The essence of the whole corpus of international humanitarian law as well as human rights law lies in the protection of the human dignity of every person…. The general principle of respect for human dignity is . . . the very raison d'être of international humanitarian law and human rights law.” Is it true that international humanitarian law and international human rights law share the same “essence,” and that essence is the general (...)
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  6. David Luban, Time-Mindedness and Jurisprudence.
    Analytic jurisprudence often strikes outsiders as a discipline unto itself, unconnected with the problems that other legal scholarship investigates. Gerald Postema, in the article to which this paper responds, traces this “unsociability” to two narrowing defects in the project of analytic jurisprudence: from Austin on, it has concerned itself largely with the analysis of professional concepts, without connecting that analysis with other disciplines that study law, nor with the history of jurisprudence itself, nor with general philosophy; analytic jurisprudence studies only (...)
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  7. Catherine Mills, Making Fetal Persons: Fetal Homicide, Ultrasound, and the Normative Significance of Birth.
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  8. Justin Oakley, Moral Philosophy in Australasia.
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  9. Graham Oppy, Leftow on God and Necessity.
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  10. Robert Simpson & Robert Sparrow, Nanotechnologically Enhanced Combat Systems: The Downside of Invulnerability.
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  11. Robert Sparrow, Moral Technology? Thought Experiments and the Future of `Mind Control.
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  12. Robert Sparrow, The Real Force of 'Procreative Beneficence.
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  13. Robert Sparrow, What We Can - and Cannot - Learn About the Ethics of Enhancement by Thinking About Sport.
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  14. John Thorp, Notes on the Moral History of Usury.
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  15. Alastair Wilson, Introduction: Chance and Temporal Asymmetry.
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Apr 3rd 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Matthew R. Broome, Philosophical Reflections on the Nature of Psychosis.
    The papers included in the thesis, and summarized in this covering document, were selected, in discussion with my supervisor, Dr. Roessler, from papers I have published in the philosophy of psychiatry. In parallel to this philosophical work, I have worked clinically as a psychiatrist and academically as a research psychiatrist. My clinical work has largely been working with Early Intervention Services, both in South London and in Coventry and Warwickshire, and this work has been acting as a psychiatrist in clinical (...)
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  2. Toby Meadows, Fixed Points for Consequence Relations.
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