New manuscripts

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Apr 20th 2014 GMT
New books
  1. T. Koblizek, P. Kot'atko & M. Pokorny (eds.) (2013). Text + Work: The Menard Case. Litteraria Pragensia.
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Apr 18th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Alexander Broadie, Robert Baron on the Assent of Faith.
    Are faith and knowledge mutually incompatible in the sense that it is not possible for someone both to know something to be the case and also, and at the same time, to accept as a matter of faith that it is the case? Robert Baron, one of the group of early seventeenth-century episcopalians known as the ‘Aberdeen doctors’, examines this question and provides an answer full of philosophical interest. This article discusses his answer, focusing in particular on his account of (...)
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  2. David B. Hershenov, Perdure and Murder.
    The rich resources of the Four-Dimensional metaphysics have been brought to bear upon many traditional philosophical problems in recent years. Alas, the implications of Four-Dimensionalism for bioethics have gone largely unexplored. Hud Hudson is the rare exception. Relying upon a Four- Dimensional metaphysics of temporal parts and a belief in unrestricted composition, he argues that there is little reason to identify the perduring human embryonic animal and the perduring human person. He makes the intriguing claim that if abortion is wrong, (...)
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  3. Sarah MacPherson, Gabriela Peretti Wagner, Patrick Murphy, Marco Bozzali, Lisa Cipolotti & Tim Shallice, Bringing the Cognitive Estimation Task Into the 21st Century: Normative Data on Two New Parallel Forms.
    The Cognitive Estimation Test (CET) is widely used by clinicians and researchers to assess the ability to produce reasonable cognitive estimates. Although several studies have published normative data for versions of the CET, many of the items are now outdated and parallel forms of the test do not exist to allow cognitive estimation abilities to be assessed on more than one occasion. In the present study, we devised two new 9-item parallel forms of the CET. These versions were administered to (...)
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Apr 17th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Shalom Lappin, Alexander Clark & Jey Han Lau, Measuring Gradience in Speakers’ Grammaticality Judgements.
    The question of whether grammaticality is a binary categorical or a gradient property has been the subject of ongoing debate in linguistics and psychology for many years. Linguists have tended to use constructed examples to test speakers’ judgements on specific sorts of constraint violation. We applied machine translation to randomly selected subsets of the British National Corpus (BNC) to generate a large test set which contains well-formed English source sentences, and sentences that exhibit a wide variety of grammatical infelicities. We (...)
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  2. David Laverty, Luigi Vanfretti, Iyad Al-Khatib, Viktor Applegreen, Robert Best & D. John Morrow, The OpenPMU Project: Challenges and Perspectives.
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  3. Beth Lord, What Can We Do with Spinoza?
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  4. Jennifer McKitrick, How to Activate a Power.
    According to most views of dispositions or powers, they have “triggers” or activation conditions. Fragile things break when they are struck; explosive things explode when ignited. The notion of an activation event, or “trigger,” is central to the notion of a disposition. Dispositions are defined not only by their manifestations, but also by their triggers. Not everyone who grumbles and complains counts as irritable—just those who do so with little inducement. Not everything that can be broken counts as fragile—just things (...)
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  5. Graham Oppy, Arguments for the Existence of God.
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  6. Graham Oppy, Philosophy.
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  7. Graham Oppy, Science, Religion and Infinity.
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  8. Bryan W. Roberts, A General Perspective on Time Observables.
    I propose a general geometric framework in which to discuss the existence of time observables. This frameworks allows one to describe a local sense in which time observables always exist, and a global sense in which they can sometimes exist subject to a restriction on the vector fields that they generate. Pauli's prohibition on quantum time observables is derived as a corollary to this result. I will then discuss how time observables can be regained in modest extensions of quantum theory (...)
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  9. Bryan W. Roberts, Comment on Ashtekar: Generalization of Wigner's Principle.
    Ashtekar (2013) has illustrated that two of the available roads to testing for time asymmetry can be generalized beyond the structure of quantum theory, to much more general formulations of mechanics. The purpose of this note is to show that a third road to T-violation, which I have called "Wigner's Principle," can be generalized in this way as well.
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  10. P. Roberts, Life, Death and Transformation: Education and Incompleteness in Hermann Hesse's The Glass Bead Game.
    At the end of the main part of Hermann Hesse's classic novel, The Glass Bead Game, the central character, Joseph Knecht, dies suddenly. In this article, I consider the educational significance of Hesse's portrayal of Knecht's death. This pivotal moment in the book tells readers much about the process of educational transformation. I argue that the theme of incompleteness is important in understanding Knecht's life, death, and transformation in educational terms. I also suggest that teaching allows educators to 'live on' (...)
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  11. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Scott Edgar, Hermann Cohen's Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History: A Rationalist Interpretation.
    This paper defends a Leibnizian rationalist interpretation of Hermann Cohen’s Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History (1883). The first half of the paper identifies Cohen’s various different philosophical aims in the PIM. It argues that they are unified by the fact that Cohen’s arguments for addressing those aims all depend on a single shared premise. That linchpin premise is the claim that mathematical natural science can represent individual objects only if it also represents infinitesimal magnitudes. The second half (...)
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    Matthias Unterhuber, Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz, How Are You Today? Philosophy of Science in Germany, 1992-2012 – A Survey-Based Overview and a Quantitative Analysis.
    An overview of the German philosophy of science community is given for the years 1992 to 2012, based on a survey, at which 159 philosophers of science in Germany participated. To this end, the institutional back- ground of the German philosophy of science community is examined in terms of journals, centers, and associations. Furthermore, a qualitative de- scription and a quantitative analysis of our survey results are presented. Quantitative estimates are given for: (a) academic positions, (b) research foci, (c) philosophers’ (...)
     
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Apr 15th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Jeremy Gwiazda, Paradoxes of the Infinite Rest on Conceptual Confusion.
    The purpose of this paper is to dissolve paradoxes of the infinite by correctly identifying the infinite natural numbers.
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    T. Parent, The Modal Liar.
    If ‘necessarily’ is treated as an operator on propositions (as is standard), reflexive access allows us to generate paradox. The reasoning behind the modal liar is not immediately obvious--however, from the proposition “This very proposition is not necessary,” one can derive a contradiction.
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    Uwe Steinhoff, Shalom on the Impermissibility of Self-Defense Against the Tactical Bomber.
    A standard example of a justified aggressor is the tactical bomber who is about to destroy an ammunitions factory in a proportionate, justified military attack, full well knowing that an innocent civilian bystander will also be killed by his attack (“collateral damage”). Intuitively it seems hard to believe that the innocent bystander threatened by the tactical bomber is morally prohibited from killing him in self-defense. Yet, Stephen R. Shalom indeed endorses such a prohibition. I shall argue that all the examples (...)
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    Zik Yaakov & Hon Giora, Galileo’s Knowledge of Optics and the Functioning of the Telescope - Revised.
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Apr 13th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Stuart Sim, Fifty Key Postmodern Thinkers.
    Postmodernism is an important part of the cultural landscape which continues to evolve, yet the ideas and theories surrounding the subject can be diverse and difficult to understand. Fifty Postmodern Thinkers critically examines the work of fifty of the most important theorists within the postmodern movement who have defined and shaped the field, bringing together their key ideas in an accessible format.
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Apr 12th 2014 GMT
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  1. Karl Schafer, Practical Cognition and Knowledge of Things-in-Themselves.
    Famously, in the second Critique , Kant claims that our consciousness of the moral law provides us with sufficient grounds to attribute freedom to ourselves as noumena or things-in-themselves. In this way, while we have no rational basis to make substantive assertions about things-in-themselves from a theoretical point of view, it is rational (in some sense) for us to believe that we are noumenally free from a practical one.
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  2. Sarah Smolyansky, John H. Adams, May F. Affre, Jaafar Al Fakih, Haider S. Albassam, Daniel O. Asparouhov, Jessica A. Dudley, Joseph Rodriguez & Lauren Ross, An Obligation to Help?
    Is helping those whose subsistence needs are not meet a matter of charity or an obligation? What role should ordinary citizens of developed nations play? In a globalized world, the causes, connections, and responsibilities become complicated. Agriculture subsidies that keep food prices low for many in relatively rich countries may, for example, negatively impact poor farmers in developing countries. Students in Ethics/Philosophy 352 report on their project examining whether, and to what extent, a true obligation to aid exists.
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    Michael Huemer, A Liberal Realist Answer to Debunking Skepticism: The Empirical Case for Realism.
    Debunking skeptics claim that our moral beliefs are formed by processes unsuited to identifying objective facts, such as emotions inculcated by our genes and culture; therefore, they say, even if there are objective moral facts, we probably don’t know them. I argue that the debunking skeptics cannot explain the pervasive trend toward liberalization of values over human history, and that the best explanation is the realist’s: humanity is becoming increasingly liberal because liberalism is the objectively correct moral stance.
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Apr 11th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Marek Kwiek, Between the Community and the Text (French Philosophy, Politics, and the Figure of the Intellectual — From Sartre to Foucault).
    What I am trying to do in the present text is to draw a sketch of postwar French philosophy from the perspective of the question of relations between philosophy and politics. I am showing a distinction between the community and the text that is present in this philosophy from Sartre to Barthes to Foucault and beyond. The general passage from the community-oriented philosophy (which I call "Hegelian") to the text-oriented philosophy (which I call "Nietzschean") took place in the sixties, following (...)
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  2. Marek Kwiek, Intellectuals in Postmodernity?
    There are several points of interest, several catchwords that evoke the whole complicated heart of the matter: Martin Heidegger in 1933 and later, Paul de Man in the years of 1940-42 and later (that "later" being no less important for the current discussions), Robert Faurisson and the whole group of histo- rians-"revisionists" of the Holocaust in France and in the USA in two recent decades. I would say the following: the material for the discussions that are of interest to me (...)
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  3. Marek Kwiek, Knowledge and History. The Postmodern French Humanities and Deleuze's Nietzscheanism.
    The general context for this essay is the following: postmodern philosophy was strongly influenced by Nietzsche, especially in his postwar French readings from Bataille to Blanchot to Deleuze to Klossowski. It was Nietzsche in these readings who provided basic contours of a new self-image of the philosopher (or the humanist, more generally): instead of (modern) thinking about changing the social and political world, philosophers now found new terrains for thought. No longer associated with History, and less and less associated with (...)
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  4. Marek Kwiek, On Some Richard Rorty's Evolution.
    I would like to take into consideration in this text the possibility of Richard Rorty's evolution of views in terms of — suggested by him — distinction between the private and the public as well as in terms of his dichotomous pair of „solidarity" and „self-creation". My efforts would aim at showing that Rorty as a commentator on other philosophers is more and more inclined to value the significance of self-creational, developing one's „final vocabulary" way of philosophizing, while on the (...)
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  5. Marek Kwiek, Postmodernism, Science, Philosophy.
    The fundamental questions to be addressed are these: What is the impact of "postmodernism" on the relationship between philosophy and science? What are the possible consequences of the postmodernist whirlwind on the status of philosophy in contemporary culture? And, does postmodernism add new questions to the gnawing issue over the degree, if any, to which a philosopher is a scientist? It would seem that the relationship between science and postmodern philosophy is a radically new one, not only because the place (...)
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  6. Marek Kwiek, The Classical German Idea of the University Revisited, or on the Nationalization of the Modern Institution.
    The aim of the paper is to provide a philosophical and historical background to current discussions about the changing relationships between the university and the state (and the university and society) through revisiting the classical “Humboldtian” model of the university. This historical detour is intended to show the cultural rootedness of the modern “idea of the university”, and its close links to the idea of the modern national state. The background is provided by the discussion of such German philosophers and (...)
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  7. Marek Kwiek, The Identity Crisis? Philosophical Questions About the University as a Modern Institution.
    The university in the form we are familiar with - the modern university - derives from the intellectual work of German philosophers: from Kant and Fichte to Schleiermacher and Humboldt. Being a modem institution, it is relatively new and was bom together with the rise in national aspirations and the rise in the significance of Nation-States in the 19th century.A tacit deal made between power and knowledge, on the one hand, provided scholars with unprecedented institutional possibilities and, on the other, (...)
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  8. Marek Kwiek, The Philosopher's Self-Image as a Guiding Thread for Philosophy of Culture?
    The question of the place, role and tasks of philosophers in postmodernity is perplexing and complicated. I am going to talk here about French and American thinkers, but always having Central Europe in mind. And the question of the social, cultural and political status of philosophers in postmodernity is one of the most intriguing today, especially considering its self-referentiality: philosophers asking questions about themselves... Let us refer here first to several points of interest, several catchwords that evoke the whole complicated (...)
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  9. Marek Kwiek, The University and the State. A Study Into Global Transformations.
    This book argues that the current renegotiation of the postwar social contract concerning the welfare state in Europe is being accompanied by the renegotiation of a smaller-scale modern social pact between the university and the nation-state. Current transformations to the state under the pressures of globalization will not leave the university unaffected, and consequently it is useful to discuss the university and its future in the context of the state. In the new global order, against the odds, universities are striving (...)
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  10. Marek Kwiek, Wolf Lepenies: Homo Europaeus Intellectualis Revisited.
    Questions about the intellectual's place and role in society, his tasks and obligations, the status he ascribes to himself and that society ascribes to him have recently become a significant part of the ongoing discourse in the humanities. There are different reasons in different countries for this, but whether in English-speaking countries, in Germany or, especially, in France, questions about the intellectual have been important points of reference in numerous discussions at the end of the 20th century. Lepenies' thinking convincingly (...)
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Apr 10th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Francis Bacon, Robert Leslie Ellis, Douglas Denon Heath, William Rawley & James Spedding, Works; Collected and Edited by James Spedding, R.L. Ellis and D.D. Heath.
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  2. Francis Bacon, Robert Leslie Ellis, Douglas Denon Heath, William Rawley & James Spedding, Works; Collected and Edited by James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis and Douglas Denon Heath.
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  3. Francis Bacon & Basil Montagu, Works; Edited by Basil Montagu.
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  4. Emile Boutroux, A. D. Godley, Alois Riehl & A. E. Sir Shipley, Lectures Delivered in Connection with the Dedication of the Graduate College of Princeton University in October, 1913, by Émile Boutroux, Alois Riehl, A. D. Godley, Arthur Shipley. [REVIEW]
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  5. René Descartes, Discourse on Method, and Metaphysical Meditations. [Translated by G.B. Rawlings].
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  6. René Descartes & John Veitch, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences. Tr. From the French and Collated with the Latin by John Veitch. Authorized Reprint. [REVIEW]
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  7. René Descartes, Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences. Translated From the French, and Collated with the Latin by John Veitch.
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  8. John Dewey, The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy, and Other Essays in Contemporary Thought.
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  9. Hans Driesch, The Science and Philosophy of the Organism : Gifford Lectures Delivered at Aberdeen University, 1907-1908 / by Hans Driesch. [REVIEW]
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  10. James Johnstone, The Philosophy of Biology / by James Johnstone.
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  11. William Humbert Kane & James A. Weisheipl, The Dignity of Science; Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Presented to William Humbert Kane. Edited, with Introd. By James A. Weisheipl in Collaboration with the Thomist and the Albertus Magnus Lyceum. Pref. By Michael Browne. [REVIEW]
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  12. P. H. Nowell-Smith, Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller & George Kelson Stothert, Riddles of the Sphinx : A Study in the Philosophy of Evolution / by a Troglodyte ..
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  13. Bertrand Russell, Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays / Bertrand Russell.
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  14. Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.
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  15. Herbert Spencer, Illustrations of Universal Progress : A Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy".
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  16. Herbert Spencer, Recent Discussions in Science, Philosophy, and Morals.
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