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Aug 2nd 2015 GMT
New books
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    Heidi Savage, The Context of Introduction Thesis (Naming and Referring Ch.3).
    Here give a detailed account of a bipartite view of proper names -- that they have two parts to their semantic value, only one of which contributes directly to their truth conditional content. The other part of a proper name's semantic value informs a speaker about its referential status, and therefore, how to evaluate a sentence containing it for truth with respect to particular rules of predication.
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Jul 29th 2015 GMT
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  1. J. A. McMahon, Aesthetics is the Grammar of Desire.
    This essay presents the nature of aesthetic judgment, the significance of aesthetic judgment and finally, the relevance of art to understanding aesthetic judgment.
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Jul 27th 2015 GMT
volume 49, issue 3, 2015
  1. Michael Garnett, Agency and Inner Freedom.
    This paper concerns the relationship between two questions. The first is a question about inner freedom: What is it to be rendered unfree, not by external obstacles, but by aspects of oneself? The second is a question about agency: What is it to fail at being a thing that genuinely acts, and instead to be a thing that is merely acted upon, passive in relation to its own behaviour? It is widely believed that answers to the first question must rest (...)
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Jul 26th 2015 GMT
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  1. Robert Knowles, Towards a Fictionalist Philosophy of Mathematics.
    In this thesis, I aim to motivate a particular philosophy of mathematics characterised by the following three claims. First, mathematical sentences are generally speaking false because mathematical objects do not exist. Second, people typically use mathematical sentences to communicate content that does not imply the existence of mathematical objects. Finally, in using mathematical language in this way, speakers are not doing anything out of the ordinary: they are performing straightforward assertions. In Part I, I argue that the role played by (...)
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Jul 25th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Howard J. Simmons, Zombies Defeated: A Projectivist Account of Third-Person Consciousness Ascriptions.
    I defend an argument from Lauren Ashwell and Eric Marcus to the effect that the zombie idea is meaningless. I consider whether this idea could be saved from the force of the argument by adopting a projectivist account of third-person consciousness ascriptions. I decide that it cannot, but commend that account anyway.
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Jul 24th 2015 GMT
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  1. Sharyn Clough, Fact/Value Holism, Feminist Philosophy, and Nazi Cancer Research.
    Fact/value holism has become commonplace in philosophy of science, especially in feminist literature. However, that facts are bearers of empirical content, while values are not, remains a firmly-held distinction. I support a more thorough-going holism: both facts and values can function as empirical claims, related in a seamless, semantic web. I address a counterexample from Kourany where facts and values seem importantly discontinuous, namely, the simultaneous support by the Nazis of scientifically sound cancer research and morally unsound political policies. I (...)
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  2. Lorraine Code, Care, Concern, and Advocacy: Is There a Place for Epistemic Responsibility?
    Departing from an epistemological tradition for which knowledge properly achieved must be objective, especially in eschewing affect and/or special interests; and against a backdrop of my thinking about epistemic responsibility, I focus on two situations where care informs and enables good knowing. The implicit purpose of this reclamation of care as epistemically vital is to show emphatically that standard alignments of care with femininity—the female—are simply misguided. Proposing that the efficacy of epistemic practices is often enhanced when would-be knowers care (...)
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  3. Richard Cordero, Particularism and Holism: Not a Necessary Marriage.
    In this dissertation, I examine the prospects for moral particularism. Moral particularism, which, like most views, comes in a variety of flavors, is essentially the view that the role general principles have traditionally played in moral theorizing is overstated. In Chapter One, I lay out the groundwork for the theories which I will discuss in Chapters Two through Four -- a framework which I will ultimately reject. The most prominent variety of particularism in the literature, and the subject of Chapter (...)
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  4. Tom Dougherty, Samuel Baron & Kristie Miller, Female Under-Representation Among Philosophy Majors: A Map of the Hypotheses and a Survey of the Evidence.
    Why is there female under-representation among philosophy majors? We survey the hypotheses that have been proposed so far, grouping similar hypotheses together. We then propose a chronological taxonomy that distinguishes hypotheses according to the stage in undergraduates’ careers at which the hypotheses predict an increase in female under-representation. We then survey the empirical evidence for and against various hypotheses. We end by suggesting future avenues for research.
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  5. Sandra Harding, After Mr. Nowhere: What Kind of Proper Self for a Scientist?
    The conventional proper scientific self has an ethical obligation to strive to see everywhere in the universe from no particular location in that universe: he is to produce the view from nowhere. What different conceptions of the proper scientific self are created by the distinctive assumptions and research practices of social justice movements, such as feminism, anti-racism, and post-colonialism? Three such new ideals are: the multiple and conflicted knowing self; the researcher strategically located inside her research world; and the community (...)
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  6. Gaile Pohlhaus, Different Voices, Perfect Storms, and Asking Grandma What She Thinks: Situating Experimental Philosophy in Relation to Feminist Philosophy.
    At first glance it might appear that experimental philosophers and feminist philosophers would make good allies. Nonetheless, experimental philosophy has received criticism from feminist fronts, both for its methodology and for some of its guiding assumptions. Adding to this critical literature, I raise questions concerning the ways in which “differences” in intuitions are employed in experimental philosophy. Specifically, I distinguish between two ways in which differences in intuitions might play a role in philosophical practice, one which puts an end to (...)
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  7. Lindsey Porter, Gestation and Parental Rights: Why is Good Enough Good Enough?
    In this paper I explore the question of whether gestation can ground parental rights. I consider Anca Gheaus’s claim that the labour and bonding of gestation give one the right to parent one’s biological child. I argue that, while Gheaus’s gestational account of parental rights is the most successful of such accounts in the literature, it is ultimately unsuccessful, because the concept ‘maternal-fetal bonding’ does not stand up to scrutiny. Gheaus argues that the labour expended in gestation generates parental rights. (...)
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    Thomas Mormann, Squares of Oppositions, Commutative Diagrams, and Galois Connection for Topological Spaces and Similarity Structures.
    The aim of this paper is to elucidate the relationship between Aristotelian conceptual oppositions, commutative diagrams of relational structures, and Galois connections.This is done by investigating in detail some examples of Aristotelian conceptual oppositions arising from topological spaces and similarity structures. The main technical device for this endeavor is the notion of Galois connections of order structures.
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Jul 22nd 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Elizabeth F. Edenberg, Political Liberalism and Its Feminist Potential.
    Rawlsian political liberalism is often rejected by feminist philosophers on the grounds that it reinstates a problematic public/private divide and includes sexist comprehensive doctrines as reasonable. My dissertation reclaims a revised version of Rawlsian political liberalism for feminist objectives. Using children who are raised in accordance with sexist comprehensive doctrines as a test case, I investigate the permissible limitations for reasonable pluralism. In the first half of my dissertation, I investigate challenges posed to Rawlsian stability and civic education. I argue (...)
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Jul 21st 2015 GMT
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  1. Wayne Martin, Consensus Emerges in Consultation Roundtable: The MCA is Not Compliant with the CRPD.
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  2. Wayne Martin, The MCA Under Scrutiny: Meeting the Challenges of CRPD Compliance.
    In the Spring and Summer of 2014, a group of experts convened a series of meetings at the Westminster headquarters of the UK Ministry of Justice in order to determine whether the Mental Capacity Act 2005 complies with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The meetings were organised by the research team of the Essex Autonomy Project, a research and public policy initiative funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and based at the University (...)
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Jul 20th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. John C. Ryan, The Transformation Of Archival Philosophy And Practice Through Digital Art.
    In many ways, digital practices have precipitated remarkable changes in the global accessibility of art. However, the digital revolution has also radically influenced the conservation processes surrounding art, including archiving, preserving, and remembering. This paper explores the conservation of digital artworks for the future benefit of culture, with particular peference to creators and viewers of art, as well as participants in interactive artworks. More specifically, this paper focuses on the philosophical and technical approaches adopted by creators, conservators, and philosophers involved (...)
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    Christopher Gauker, A Completenesss Theorem for a 3-Valued Semantics for a First-Order Language.
    This document presents a Gentzen-style deductive calculus and proves that it is complete with respect to a 3-valued semantics for a language with quantifiers. The semantics resembles the strong Kleene semantics with respect to conjunction, disjunction and negation. The completeness proof for the sentential fragment fills in the details of a proof sketched in Arnon Avron (2003). The extension to quantifiers is original but uses standard techniques.
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Jul 19th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Robert S. Taylor, Exit Left: Markets and Mobility in Republican Thought.
    How can people best protect themselves from the arbitrary power of abusive spouses, tyrannical bosses, and corrupt politicians? I argue in my book that in each of these three spheres, the answer is the same: exit. By promoting open and competitive markets and providing the information and financial resources necessary to enable exit, we can empower people’s voices and offer them an escape from abuse and exploitation. This will advance a conception of freedom, viz. freedom as non-domination (FND), that is (...)
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  1. Kurt Sylvan, Responsibilism Out of Character.
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  2. Steven Wall, Autonomy as a Perfection.
    Seminari a càrrec del Dr. Steven Wall de la University of Arizona sobre l'Autonomia com una perfecció.
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Jul 18th 2015 GMT
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  1. George Masterton, The Only Probability is Verbal Probability.
    In 1977 van Fraassen showed convincingly, and in detail, how one can give a dissentive answer to the question `[a]re there necessities in nature?'. In this paper I follow his lead and show in a similar fashion and detail, how it is possible to give a dissentive answer to: Are there probabilities in nature? This is achieved by giving a partial analysis—with the aid of Kaplanian pragmatics—of objective chance in terms of that credence that is reasonable where prevailing laws and (...)
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  2. Davor Pećnjak, Case Study: Introducing Philosophy of Art in Eight Case Studies by Derek Matravers.
    In this review article, I present and discuss some theories and arguments which we can find in Derek Matravers’s opinonated textbook on the philosophy of art. Texbook consists of an introduction and eight chapters, but only some of the most important claims are discussed: various theories and definitions of art, the notions of expression and value of art and artworks, as well as the question whether we can learn something from artworks, beside, of course, what is considered as artistic and (...)
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Jul 17th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Eric Dietrich, Synopsis of Excellent Beauty: The Naturalness of Religion and the Unnaturalness of the World.
    This is a synopsis of my book Excellent Beauty: The naturalness of religion and the unnaturalness of the world (Columbia University Press). The synopsis discusses the book's two main theses: religion is an evolutionary adaptation and, as a consequence, humans are not at the center of the universe. The result of this latter point is that the universe contains profound and beautiful mysteries at which we humans can marvel but which we cannot explain away.
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    Anders J. Schoubye & Andreas Stokke, What is Said?
    It is sometimes argued that certain sentences of natural language fail to express truth conditional contents. Standard examples include e.g. 'Tipper is ready' and 'Steel is strong enough'. In this paper, we provide a novel analysis of truth conditional meaning (what is said) using the notion of a question under discussion. This account (i) explains why these types of sentences are not, in fact, semantically underdetermined (yet seem truth conditionally incomplete), (ii) provides a principled analysis of the process by which (...)
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Jul 15th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Ciro de Florio, Massimiliano Carrara & Daniele Chiffi, On Pragmatic Denial.
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    Anna Szabolcsi, How Unitary Are Intervention Effects? (2006).
    The paper compares theories of how the intervention of quantifiers, negation, and focus block the relation between wh-expressions and their traces, with special reference to Szabolcsi & Zwarts 1993/1997, Honcoop 1998, and Beck 2006. It presents new cross-linguistic data that bear on Beck's focus intervention theory.
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Jul 13th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Corey W. Dyck, The Principles of Apperception.
    In this paper, I argue that there are multiple principles of apperception which jointly constitute the foundation of Kant's argument in the transcendental deduction.
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Jul 12th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Andrew McFarland, Metaphysics and Natural Kinds: Slingshots, Fundamentality, and Causal Structure.
    My dissertation addresses a question relevant to metaphysics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of science: What are natural kinds? I explore a view that holds that natural kinds are complex, structural properties that involve causal structure. Causal structure describes the idea that for the many properties associated with natural kinds, these properties are nomically linked - that is causally connected - in such a way that the properties of non-natural kinds are not. After criticizing arguments in favor of a nominalist (...)
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Jul 11th 2015 GMT
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    Gabriel Vacariu, Unbelievable Similarities Between Vacariu's Ideas (2002, 2005, 2008) and Alexey Alyushin (Moscow, Russia) (2010).
    another one: unbelievalbe similarities between my ideas (2002, 2005, 2008) and a philosopher from Russia...
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Jul 9th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Timothy Chambers, Review of "Debating Christian Theism. [REVIEW]
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  2. Christopher A. Riddle, Philosophy & Gun Control: Introduction.
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  3. Steven Ross, Review of "Being Realistic About Reasons. [REVIEW]
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  4. K. Warwick & H. Shah, Human Misidentification in Turing Tests.
    This paper presents some important issues on misidentification of human interlocutors in text-based communication during practical Turing tests. The study here presents transcripts in which human judges succumbed to theconfederate effect, misidentifying hidden human foils for machines. An attempt is made to assess the reasons for this. The practical Turing tests in question were held on 23 June 2012 at Bletchley Park, England. A selection of actual full transcripts from the tests is shown and an analysis is given in each (...)
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Jul 8th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Christian List, What is It Like to Be a Group Agent?
    The existence of group agents is relatively widely accepted. Examples are corporations, courts, NGOs, and even entire states. But should we also accept that there is such a thing as group consciousness? In this paper, I give an overview of some of the key issues in this debate and sketch a tentative argument for the view that group agents lack phenomenal consciousness, contrary to a recent suggestion by Schwitzgebel (2015). In developing my argument, I draw on integrated information theory, a (...)
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    Howard J. Simmons, Why You Should One-Box in Newcomb's Problem.
    I consider a familiar argument for two-boxing in Newcomb's Problem and find it defective because it involves a type of divergence from standard Baysian reasoning, which, though sometimes justified, conflicts with the stipulations of the Newcomb scenario. In an appendix, I also find fault with a different argument for two-boxing that has been presented by Graham Priest.
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Jul 7th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Seamus Bradley & Katie Steele, Can Free Evidence Be Bad? Value of Information for the Imprecise Probabilist.
    This paper considers a puzzling conflict between two positions that are each compelling: it is irrational for an agent to pay to avoid `free' evidence before making a decision, and rational agents may have imprecise beliefs and/or desires. Indeed, we show that Good's theorem concerning the invariable choice-worthiness of free evidence does not generalise to the imprecise realm, given the plausible existing decision theories for handling imprecision. A key ingredient in the analysis, and a potential source of controversy, is the (...)
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  1. Manuel Dries, Edward Minar & Joseph Schear, Adrian Moore's 'The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics'.
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  2. Derek Matravers, Art, Knowledge, and Virtue: Comments on Alana Jelinek's This is Not Art.
    This article is a commentary on Alana Jelinek's book, This Is Not Art. It broadly agrees with Jelinek in her diagnosis of the current ills of the artworld, who is to blame for this, and the need for an endogenous value of art. Furthermore, it agrees with her that the value of art lies in its status as a ‘knowledge-forming discipline’. However, it takes issue with the very notion of an ‘avant-garde’ art, with Jelinek's claims concerning truth, and raises questions (...)
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Jul 6th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Graeme A. Forbes, Review of Adrian Bardon , 'The Future of the Philosophy of Time. [REVIEW]
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, Cartesian Dualism and the Study of Cultural Artefacts.
    This paper evaluates an argument according to which many anthropologists commit themselves to Cartesian dualism, when they talk about meanings. This kind of dualism, it is argued, makes it impossible for anthropologists to adequately attend to material artefacts. The argument is very original, but it is also vulnerable to a range objections.
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    Peter G. Jones, Solving Metaphysics Part I - Metaphysics in a Nutshell: A Lazy Philosopher's Guide.
    This essay proposes that metaphysics is best done as lazily as possible, and that a lazy approach, which some would call 'high level', is effective where it means that issues are simplified and unpleasant facts are faced with no wriggling on the hook. It sketches out the solution proposed by Buddhism or more generally mysticism. It suggest that the principle obstacle to a solution for metaphysics is Russell's Paradox, and that it can be overcome.
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Jul 4th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Jamie Brassett & John O'Reilly, Styling the Future. A Philosophical Account of Scenarios & Design.
    Since the end of the 1980s – the Decade of Style – the value of style in design has fallen. Recent times see a focus on style as a sign of design’s immaturity, while a more mature design should be attending to process, strategy and policy creation. Design Thinking has been enjoying its success in the same spirit, where it is championed as a way of taking design away from its early stage as ‘mere’ styling, towards the more thoughtful, serious (...)
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Jul 2nd 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Ryan Preston-Roedder & Erica Preston-Roedder, Grief and Recovery.
    Imagine that someone recovers relatively quickly, say, within two or three months, from grief over the death of her spouse, whom she loved and who loved her; and suppose that, after some brief interval, she remarries. Does the fact that she feels better and moves on relatively quickly somehow diminish the quality of her earlier relationship? Does it constitute a failure to do well by the person who died? Our aim is to respond to two arguments that give affirmative answers (...)
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