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Nov 27th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Albert Atkin, Reconstruction, Recognition and Roma.
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  2. Paul Formosa, Kant on the Moral Ontology of Constructivism and Realism.
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  3. Fiona Jenkins & Katrina Hutchison, Introduction : Searching for Sofia : Gender and Philosophy in the 21st Century.
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  4. Jeanette Kennett, Addiction, Choice, and Disease : How Voluntary is Voluntary Action in Addiction?
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  5. Richard Menary, Cognitive Integration, Enculturated Cognition and the Socially Extended Mind.
    Shaun Gallagher presents an interesting case for the social extension of mind. I argue that there is one way in which Gallagher can argue for social extension, which is continuous with an enculturated model of cognition, such as cognitive integration. This way requires us to think of the mind as extended by social/cultural practices that are specifically targeted at cognitive tasks. The other way in which Gallagher argues for social extension is that social institutions - such as museums or the (...)
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  6. Robert Sinnerbrink, Silencio : Mulholland Drive as Cinematic Romanticism.
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  7. Nicholas H. Smith, Rationality and Engagement : McDowell, Dreyfus and Zidane.
    The article examines John McDowell's attempt to rehabilitate the classical idea of the rational animal and Hubert Dreyfus's criticisms of that attempt. After outlining the 'engaged' conception of rationality which, in McDowell's view, enables the idea of the rational animal to shake off its intellectualist appearance, the objections posed by Dreyfus are presented that such a conception of rationality is inconsistent with the phenomena of everyday coping, characterised by non-conceptual 'involvement', and expertise, characterised by non-conceptual 'absorption'. Drawing on Michael Fried's (...)
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  8. John Sutton, Soul and Body.
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  9. Charlotte Werndl & Roman Frigg, Rethinking Boltzmannian Equilibrium.
    Boltzmannian statistical mechanics partitions the phase space of a sys- tem into macro-regions, and the largest of these is identified with equilibrium. What justifies this identification? Common answers focus on Boltzmann’s combinatorial argument, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, and maxi- mum entropy considerations. We argue that they fail and present a new answer. We characterise equilibrium as the macrostate in which a system spends most of its time and prove a new theorem establishing that equilib- rium thus defined corresponds to the largest (...)
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  10. Marián Zouhar & Institute of Philosophy, In Search of Faultless Disagreement.
    It is sometimes claimed that there are disagreements about matters of personal taste that are faultless; in such a case, the disputing speakers believe incompatible propositions about taste while both of them are correct in what they believe. The aim of the paper is to show that it is rather difficult to find such a notion of disagreement that would permit faultlessness in the required sense. In particular, three possible notions of disagreement are discussed; neither of them is found to (...)
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Nov 26th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Lubomira V. Radoilska, Autonomy in Psychiatric Ethics.
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Nov 25th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Fabian Dorsch, The Diversity of Disjunctivism: Review Article.
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  2. Susan James, Are Moral Rights Natural or Artificial? Hobbes and Spinoza.
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  3. Susan James, Spinoza on Philosophy, Religion and Politics.
    Event synopsis: Professor Susan James inverses Leo Strauss’ reading of Spinoza. Whereas Strauss emphasized the hidden subtext of Spinoza’s arguments, James revives the explicit debates of his time within which Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise was situated. But this is not a simple historical reconstruction. James’ close reading of the Treatise offers a radically new perspective on Spinoza’s revolutionary book – a reading that presents startling new perspective on the political, metaphysical and theological implications of the book. Given the importance of Spinoza’s (...)
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  4. Susan James, Wollstonecraft and Rights.
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  5. Nils Kurbis, What is Interpretation? A Dilemma for Davidson.
    The core idea of Davidson’s philosophy of language is that a theory of truth constructed as an empirical theory by a radical interpreter is a theory of meaning. I discuss an ambiguity that arises from Davidson's notion of interpretation: it can either be understood as the hypothetical process of constructing a theory of truth for a language or as a process that actually happens when speakers communicate. I argue that each disambiguation is problematic and does not result in a theory (...)
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  6. Robert Northcott, Opinion Polling and Election Predictions.
    Election prediction by means of opinion polling is a rare empirical success story for social science, but one not previously considered by philosophers. I examine the details of a prominent case and draw two lessons of more general interest: 1) Methodology over metaphysics. Traditional metaphysical criteria were not a useful guide to whether successful prediction would be possible; instead, the crucial thing was selecting an effective methodology. 2) Which methodology? Success required sophisticated use of case-specific evidence from opinion polling. The (...)
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  7. Zhaochen Wang, Vincent H. di ZhangNg, Reidar Lie & Xiaomei Zhai, Following the Giant's Paces-Governance Issues and Bioethical Reflections in China.

    Background: China has become a global player in the field of biosamples research and analysis of genetic data. The Beijing Genomics Institute is a genetics factory where enormous amounts of biosamples/data from all over the world are being analyzed. Most of the global bioethics discussions focused on research conducted by scientists from industrialized countries with subjects from poorer countries. Today, however, samples from industrialized nations are being analyzed in China on an unprecedented scale. This means that one should not just (...)

    Discussion: In this paper, we will analyze the case of BGI in the context of the Chinese regulatory system in order to identify methods to regulate genetic research more effectively and to strengthen BGI’s role in international collaborative research projects. Three main issues concerning sample collection and samples/data management are addressed. Firstly, an ambiguous definition of research, which does not specifically include biosamples/data, when applied to genetic research, may cause confusion and leave loopholes in governance. Secondly, the current regulations do not provide sufficient guidelines on the details of what information to present to prospective subjects, and how to combine informed consent with strategies of re-consent, withdrawal and feedback from research. Finally, the existing regulations do not adequately address issues of genetic privacy and data protection.

    Summary: Bioethical issues related to genetic research in China may be partially due to the nature of genetic research and partially stems from the strategy of simply adopting general international guidelines into the Chinese context without detailed considerations of the local needs. However, there are no perfect readymade ethical solutions for everyone; every country faces different open questions and challenges behind what appears to be unified guidelines. Given the importance of China in international genetic research, other countries ought to be concerned about the bioethical developments in China. China should also have a substantive discussion with the international community on bioethics issues.

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    John-Michael Kuczynski, Mathematics as the Science of Pure Structure.
    A brief but rigorous description of the logical structure of mathematical truth.
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Nov 24th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Béatrice Han-Pile, Freedom and the Choice to Choose Oneself in Being and Time.
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    Stewart Duncan, Minds Everywhere: Margaret Cavendish’s Anti-Mechanist Materialism.
    This paper considers Margaret Cavendish's distinctive anti-mechanist materialism, focusing on her 1664 Philosophical Letters, in which she discusses the views of Hobbes, Descartes, and More, among others. The paper examines Cavendish's views about natural, material souls: the soul of nature, the souls of finite individuals, and the relation between them. After briefly digressing to look at Cavendish's views about divine, supernatural souls, the paper then turns to the reasons for Cavendish's disagreement with mechanist accounts. There are disagreements over the explanation (...)
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Nov 23rd 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Marie I. Kaiser, Maria Kronfeldner & Robert Meunier, Problems and Prospects of Interdisciplinary Philosophy of Science: An Opinionated Report From the Workbench.
    Early-career philosophers of science often find themselves caught between a rock and a hard place, facing conflicting demands. While they have to meet the rigorous standards of a career in philosophy, they are at the same time expected to possess detailed knowledge of the sciences they study. By pulling in different directions, these two poles can be difficult to bridge. Interdisciplinarily engaged philosophers of science face not just an increased workload but also institutional conditions that are not always supportive for (...)
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  2. A. T. Nuyen, Is Internet Access a Human Right?
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Nov 21st 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Aida Míguez Barciela, ¿Qué Es la Pólis? Una Isla (A Propósito de la Fundación de Cirene En Las Odas de Píndaro).
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Nov 20th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Franz Dietrich, Christian List & Richard Bradley, A Unified Characterization of Belief-Revision Rules.
    This paper characterizes several belief-revision rules in a unified framework: Bayesian revision upon learning some event, Jeffrey revision upon learning new probabilities of some events, Adams revision upon learning some new conditional probabilities, and 'dual-Jeffrey' revision upon learning a new conditional probability function. Despite their differences, these revision rules can be characterized in terms of the same two axioms: responsiveness, which requires that revised beliefs incorporate what has been learnt, and conservativeness, which requires that beliefs on which the learnt input (...)
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    Clayton Littlejohn, A Note Concerning Conciliationism and Self-Defeat: A Reply to Matheson.
    A reply to Matheson on conciliationism and the self-defeat objection. I argue that the problems that Matheson discusses derive from his evidentialist assumptions, not from conciliationism.
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    Chuang Liu, Fictionalism, Realism, Empiricism on Scientific Models.
    This paper defends an approach to modeling and models in science that is against model fictionalism of a recent stripe (the “new fictionalism” that takes models to be abstract entities that are analogous to works of fiction). It further argues that there is a version of fictionalism on models to which my approach is neutral and which only makes sense if one adopts a special sort of antirealism (e.g. constructive empiricism). Otherwise, my approach strongly suggests that one stays away from (...)
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    Jeffrey White, Autonomous Reboot: The Challenges of Artificial Moral Agency and the Ends of Machine Ethics.
    Ryan Tonkens (2009) has issued a seemingly impossible challenge, to articulate a comprehensive ethical framework within which artificial moral agents (AMAs) satisfy a Kantian inspired recipe - both "rational" and "free" - while also satisfying perceived prerogatives of Machine Ethics to create AMAs that are perfectly, not merely reliably, ethical. Challenges for machine ethicists have also been presented by Anthony Beavers and Wendell Wallach, who have pushed for the reinvention of traditional ethics in order to avoid "ethical nihilism" due to (...)
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Nov 19th 2014 GMT
volume 44, issue 12, 2014
  1. Décio Krause & Jonas R. B. Arenhart, Separability and Non-Individuality: Is It Possible to Conciliate (At Least A Form Of) Einstein's Realism with Quantum Mechanics?
    In this paper we argue that physical theories, including quantum mechanics, refer to some kind of ‘objects’, even if only implicitly. We raise questions about the logico-mathematical apparatuses commonly employed in such theories, bringing to light some metaphysical presuppositions underlying such apparatuses. We point out to some incongruities in the discourse holding that quantum objects would be entities of some ‘new kind’ while still adhering to the logico-mathematical framework we use to deal with classical objects. The use of such apparatus (...)
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volume 43, issue 6, 2014
  1. Carl Wagner & Mark Shattuck, An Impossibility Theorem for Allocation Aggregation.
    Among the many sorts of problems encountered in decision theory, allocation problems occupy a central position. Such problems call for the assignment of a nonnegative real number to each member of a finite (more generally, countable) set of entities, in such a way that the values so assigned sum to some fixed positive real number s. Familiar cases include the problem of specifying a probability mass function on a countable set of possible states of the world (s=1), and the distribution (...)
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Manuscripts
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    Danny Frederick, Values in Education and the Community.
    The UK School Curriculum and Assessment Authority proposes a set of values to which everyone can subscribe, which can provide schools with a secure basis for the provision of spiritual, moral, social and cultural education. The proposal is misguided. The code would be determined by political negotiation, which would bring the whole idea of moral education into disrepute, and it would be an impediment to moral advancement, which requires trial and error experimentation. Imposing a code on all state schools would (...)
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Nov 18th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Arthur Danto, The Politics of Imagination.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 1988, given by Arthur Danto, an American philosopher.
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  2. J. N. Findlay, The Systematic Unity of Value.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 1968, given by Jose Ferrater Mora (1903-1987), a South African philosopher.
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  3. Raymond Geuss, Must Criticism Be Constructive?
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2012, given by philosopher Raymond Geuss.
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  4. Poul Holm, Arne Jarrick & Dominic Scott, The Humanities World Report 2015.
    This book is open access under a CC BY license. The first of its kind, this 'Report' gives an overview of the humanities worldwide. Published as an Open Access title and based on an extensive literature review and enlightening interviews conducted with 90 humanities scholars across 40 countries, the book offers a first step in attempting to assess the state of the humanities globally. Its topics include the nature and value of the humanities, the challenge of globalisation, the opportunities offered (...)
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  5. Samuel Scheffler, Families, Nations, and Strangers.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 1994, given by Samuel Scheffler, an American philosopher.
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  6. Dominic Scott, Aristotle on the Good Life.
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  7. Dominic Scott, Book Notes: Plato.
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  8. Onora O'Neill, Civic and Cosmopolitan Justice.
    This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for 2000, given by Onora O'Neill, a British philosopher.
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Nov 17th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Andrew Huddleston, Beyond Judgment: Expanding Aesthetic Normativity.
    Event synopsis: The normative force of aesthetic perception, deliberation and judgement has been a topic of discussion in philosophy for many centuries: Aristotle writes of the universal elements of aesthetic value; Hume discusses how we can account for wide-spread agreements about taste and establish criteria for aesthetic normativity; and Kant urges us to resolve the Antinomy of Taste and explains why aesthetic judgements “lay claim to universal assent” in terms steeped in his philosophy of mind. More recently, however, the power (...)
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  2. Andrew Huddleston, Book Review: "Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives", by Amy Coplan and Peter Goldie (Oxford University Press, 2011). [REVIEW]
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  3. Andrew Huddleston, Book Review: "Scruton's Aesthetics", by Andy Hamilton and Nick Zangwill (Palgrave & Macmillan, 2012). [REVIEW]
    Few philosophers have published at the impressively prolific rate that Roger Scruton has. Of the forty-two books by Scruton listed in a special bibliography at the end of Scruton’s Aesthetics, no fewer than nine of them have been devoted to topics in aesthetics. The present volume, edited by Andy Hamilton and Nick Zangwill, arises out of a 2008 conference devoted to Scruton’s seminal work in this field. While sympathetic in tone, the majority of the essays critically engage with Scruton’s views (...)
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  4. Andrew Huddleston & E. Lord, Clear Eyes, Full Hearts, Can't Lose: Friday Night Lights and the Value of Inspiration.
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  5. Andrew Huddleston, Erlösung Dem Erlöser.
    Book synopsis: This volume documents the cultural-philosophical, aesthetic, and political dimensions of the confrontation between Nietzsche and Wagner from contemporary sources. It is the first comprehensive review to be published since the 1980s. Besides the aesthetic and cultural-philosophical dimensions of their differences, the issue of anti-Semitism is also explored, for which Wagner’s essay “Judaism in Music” is paradigmatic.
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  6. Andrew Huddleston, Finding Content in Absolute Music.
    Event synopsis: The use of gesticulation has always been a means by which human beings have expressed themselves. Being bodily rather than conceptual its logos lies outside language. Within the fields of art and aesthetics, gesture implies an opening process as a distinctive way of cognition as well as an approach to a particular quality of some works. When François Lyotard connects the artwork with gesture, he underlines that the work creates itself through gesture, through process and Roland Barthes links (...)
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  7. Andrew Huddleston, Kunstreligion Redeemed: From Religion to Art in Wagner's Parsifal.
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  8. Andrew Huddleston, Normativity and the Will to Power: Challenges for a Nietzschean Constitutivism.
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  9. Andrew Huddleston, Nietzsche on Decadence and its Remedies.
    Event synopsis: This conference will explore Friedrich Nietzsche's critical relation to Kantian political philosophy. Taking 'Kantian politics' to include modern and contemporary Kantian theories as well as Kant's own theories, the conference will examine Nietzsche's engagement with such Kantian themes as autonomy and rights, equality and democracy, morality and politics, war and cosmopolitanism, history and anthropology. The speakers are renowned scholars of political philosophy from the United States and Europe, and the format of the conferences involves the pre-circulation of papers (...)
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  10. Andrew Huddleston, Nietzsche on the Decadence of Individuals and Cultures.
    In 1872 Nietzsche shocked the European philological community with the publication of the Birth of Tragedy. In this fervid first book Nietzsche looked to ancient Greek culture in the hope of finding the path to a revitalization of modern German culture. Cultural health was at this point unquestionably his paramount concern. Yet postwar Nietzsche scholarship has typically held that after his Untimely Meditations which followed soon after, Nietzsche’s philosophy took a sharply individualist turn—an interpretation largely due to Walter Kaufmann’s noble (...)
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  11. Andrew Huddleston, Truth and the Ambitions of Great Art.
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