New manuscripts

From the most recently added
Sep 2nd 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    T. Parent, Neo-Sellarsian Metaphilosophy.
    Science often conflicts with our everyday experience. For instance, we typically assume the existence of agency, norms, etc.—yet such things are absent from scientific theory. For Sellars, philosophy’s aim is to resolve these discrepancies between the “manifest” and “scientific” images. However, some might protest that philosophers should not “negotiate” ontology with science—the scientific image should instead claim hegemony. I defend the Sellarsian by arguing that we are simply unable to jettison central parts of the “manifest image.” That is so, even (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    T. Parent, The Empirical Case Against Infallibilism.
    Philosophers and psychologists generally hold that, in light of the empirical data, a subject lacks infallible access to her own mental states. However, while subjects certainly are faillible in some respects, I show that the data fails to discredit that a subject has infallible access to her own occurrent thoughts and judgments. This is argued, first, by revisiting the empirical studies, and carefully scrutinizing what is shown exactly. Second, I argue that if the data were interpreted to rule out such (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Kenneth L. Pearce, Arnauld's Verbal Distinction Between Ideas and Perceptions.
  4. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Steven Sverdlik, The Intrinsic Value of Retribution.
    Retributivist approaches to the philosophy of punishment are usually based on certain fundamental moral claims. One of these claims is also accepted, or at least treated sympathetically, by some consequentialists. It is this: -/- Intrinsic Value (IV): The deserved suffering of morally guilty wrongdoers has intrinsic value. -/- IV is sometimes supported by the construction of examples similar to Kant’s ‘desert island’. These are meant to show that there is intrinsic value in the suffering of a wrongdoer, even if none (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 31st 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Scott Hill, Synthetic Reductionism in Moral Philosophy.
    I defend the view that moral properties are identical to properties that can be expressed without using moral vocabulary.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Dietrich Franz & Christian List, From Degrees of Belief to Beliefs: Lessons From Judgment-Aggregation Theory.
    What is the relationship between degrees of belief and (all-or-nothing) beliefs? Can the latter be expressed as a function of the former, without running into paradoxes? We reassess this “belief-binarization” problem from the perspective of judgment-aggregation theory. Although some similarities between belief binarization and judgment aggregation have been noted before, the literature contains no general study of the implications of aggregation-theoretic impossibility and possibility results for belief binarization. We seek to fill this gap. At the centre of this paper is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 29th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Seamus Bradley & Katie Siobhan Steele, Should Subjective Probabilities Be Sharp?
    There has been much recent interest in imprecise probabilities, models of belief that allow unsharp or fuzzy credence. There have also been some influential criticisms of this position. Here we argue, chiefly against Elga (2010), that subjective probabilities need not be sharp. The key question is whether the imprecise probabilist can make reasonable sequences of decisions. We argue that she can. We outline Elga's argument and clarify the assumptions he makes and the principles of rationality he is implicitly committed to. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 28th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Susan G. Sterrett, Locke, Memory & Personal Identity: Me and My Memory, Together Forever.
    Locke's views on memory are too often oversimplified. This previously unpublished essay by S. G. Sterrett takes a sympathetic look at Locke's writings on the topic. The most interesting (and plausible) accounts of memory hold that, rather than simply retrieving stored entities, remembering is an act intrinsically and intimately involving a specific person --- if person is taken in Locke's sense -- and so these accounts support Locke's appeal to memory in his discussion of personal identity.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 25th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Terence Rajivan Edward, Astrology, Fate and Causation.
    Some philosophers assert that astrology is a false theory. The simplest way to argue against all astrology is to identify a proposition that any kind of astrology must be committed to and then show that this proposition is false. In this paper I draw attention to some misconceptions regarding which propositions any kind of astrology is committed to.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 22nd 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Daniel Davis, L1 Effects on the Articulation of Samaritan Hebrew.
    In this thesis, I will discuss the effects of the linguistic divide in the Samaritan community with respect to the articulation of the liturgical language of Samaritan Hebrew. I first encountered the Samaritans in 2010 while on my first visit to the Palestinian city of Nablus. I had been to Israel many times prior, yet as a young Jewish American, I had never before had the opportunity to travel to the Palestinian Territories. Given the prominence of the political situation, I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Donald W. Loveland, Richard E. Hodel & Susan G. Sterrett, Three Views of Logic: Mathematics, Philosophy, Computer Science.
    Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Abraham Schwab, Barbara Brenner, Joseph Goldfarb, Rochhelle Hirschhorn & Sean Philpott, Biobanks and the Human Microbiome in The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Abraham Schwab, Mary Ann Bailey, Joseph Goldfarb, Kurt Hirschhorn, Rosamond Rhodes & Brett Trusko, Property and Research on the Human Microbiome in The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Nada Gligorov, Abraham Schwab, Lily Frank & Brett Trusko, Privacy, Confidentiality, and New Ways of Knowing More in The Human Microbiome: Ethical, Legal, and Social Concerns.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Selim Berker, The Unity of Grounding.
    I argue that there is only one grounding/in-virtue-of relation, and that it is indispensable for normative inquiry.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Hilary Greaves, Antiprioritarianism.
  8. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Theron Pummer, The Priority Monster.
    The Priority View implies that we sometimes have nontrivially stronger reason to benefit a person, the worse off in absolute terms this person would be if she did not receive the benefit in question. This view seems plausible. Nonetheless I will argue that it is inconsistent with the conjunction of a number of independently intuitively plausible claims. One such claim is that we should spare a very badly off person from many years of intense pain rather than spare someone else (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    David Wallace, Emergence of Particles From Bosonic Quantum Field Theory.
    An examination is made of the way in which particles emerge from linear, bosonic, massive quantum field theories. Two different constructions of the one-particle subspace of such theories are given, both illustrating the importance of the interplay between the quantum-mechanical linear structure and the classical one. Some comments are made on the Newton-Wigner representation of one-particle states, and on the relationship between the approach of this paper and those of Segal, and of Haag and Ruelle.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 21st 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Robert Briscoe, Virtual Representation in Pictorial Space.
    Philosophical theories of depiction are typically structured by two assumptions: first, that depiction is a form of representation and, second, that the vehicle of a picture’s representational content is the design visible on its 2D surface. In this paper, I introduce a novel, empirically motivated resemblance theory of depiction that rejects both structuring assumptions. According to what I call the deep resemblance theory, pictures work by presenting virtual models of objects in phenomenally 3D, pictorial space. The first structuring assumption, according (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 20th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Casey Helgeson, There is No Asymmetry of Identity Assumptions in the Debate Over Selection and Individuals.
    A long-running dispute concerns which adaptation-related explananda natural selection can be said to explain. (The issue is conceptual, not empirical { and orthogonal adaptationism.) At issue are explananda of the form: why a given individual organism has a given adaptation rather than that same individual having another trait. It is broadly agreed that one must be ready to back up a `No' answer with an appropriate theory of trans-world identity for individuals. I argue, against the conventional wisdom, that the same (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Danny Frederick, Haack’s Defective Discussion of Popper and the Courts.
    Susan Haack criticises the US courts’ use of Karl Popper’s epistemology in discriminating acceptable scientific testimony. She claims that acceptable testimony should be reliable and that Popper’s epistemology is useless in discriminating reliability. She says that Popper’s views have been found acceptable only because they have been misunderstood and she indicates an alternative epistemology which she says can discriminate reliable theories. However, her account of Popper’s views is a gross and gratuitous misrepresentation. Her alternative epistemology cannot do what she claims (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 19th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Antonella Corradini & Uwe Meixner, Prefazione A: Quantum Physics Meets the Philosophy of Mind. New Essays on the Mind-Body Relation in Quantum-Theoretical Perspective.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Franz Dietrich & Christian List, Probabilistic Opinion Pooling Generalized -- Part One: General Agendas.
    How can different individuals' probability assignments to some events be aggregated into a collective probability assignment? Classic results on this problem assume that the set of relevant events -- the agenda -- is a sigma-algebra and is thus closed under disjunction (union) and conjunction (intersection). We drop this demanding assumption and explore probabilistic opinion pooling on general agendas. One might be interested in the probability of rain and that of an interest-rate increase, but not in the probability of rain or (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Franz Dietrich & Christian List, Probabilistic Opinion Pooling Generalised -- Part Two: The Premise-Based Approach.
    How can different individuals' probability functions on a given sigma-algebra of events be aggregated into a collective probability function? Classic approaches to this problem often require 'event-wise independence': the collective probability for each event should depend only on the individuals' probabilities for that event. In practice, however, some events may be 'basic' and others 'derivative', so that it makes sense first to aggregate the probabilities for the former and then to let these constrain the probabilities for the latter. We formalize (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 18th 2014 GMT
New books
  1. Christian Miller (ed.) (forthcoming). The Character Project: New Perspectives in Psychology, Philosophy, and Theology. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Charles Hermes, Truthmakers and the Consequence Argument.
    Recent work in the truthmakers literature demonstrates that the logic of truthmaking is distinct from classical logic. Since free will is an ontological issue, and not merely a semantic issue, arguments about free will ought to be sensitive to these developments. In Truthmakers and the Direct Argument, Hermes argues that one of the main arguments for incompatibiilsm fails precisely where the truthmakers literature would predict. Here, I argue that similar problems make the Consequence Argument untenable.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Gabriel Vacariu, Georg Northoff’s (University of Ottawa) Many Ideas Published After 2010 Are Quite Surprinsingly Similar to My Ideas Published in 2005 and 2008, but Are in a Wrong Context, the “Unicorn World” (the World).
    After 2010, Northoff (University of Ottawa, Institute of Mental Health Research) published several ideas related to the self and the mind-brain problem. In this chapter, I would like to illustrate many surprinsing similarities between my ideas published in 2002, 2005 and 2008 and Northoff’s ideas published in his papers from 2010 (one paper), 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014 and mainly his book from 2011. I would also like to mention that the context of Northoff’s ideas is partially different from the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 17th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Graham Oddie, Fitting Attitudes, Value Bearers, Unappreciated Goods.
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 16th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Edward Kanterian, Bodies in Prolegomena §13: Noumena or Phenomena?
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Susan G. Sterrett, Kites, Models and Logic: Susan Sterrett Investigates Models in Wittgenstein's World.
    This is the text of Dr. Sterrett's replies to an interviewer's questions for simplycharly.com, a website with interviews by academics on various authors, philosophers, and scientists.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 15th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Damiano Costa, Being in Time: A Theory of Persistence and Temporal Location.
    In Being in Time I articulate and defend a theory of diachronic identity based on a new account of the relation between objects and time. Traditionally, the relation between objects and time has been considered to be a direct one, analogous to the one they have with space, and accordingly called location. In my dissertation, I argue that this locative approach is metaphysically problematic insofar as it commits us to questionable consequences about the nature of objects or about the metaphysics (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Robert Michels, Metaphysical Modality and Essentiality.
    Essentialists claim that we can distinguish between an object's essential and its accidental properties. Following important developments in modal logic during the 1960s and 70s, the orthodox view was that the essential properties of an object are its necessary properties. In his influential 1994 paper "Essence and Modality", Kit Fine argues that the orthodox view is wrong. His two main claims are that first, essentiality cannot be defined in terms of necessity and second, that necessity should instead be defined in (...)
    No categories
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 14th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Charlotte Werndl, Book Review: Do Microbes Question Standard Thinking in the Philosophy of Biology? [REVIEW]
    This is a highly welcome book that offers a fresh perspective on the philosophy of biology.1 It is of interest to both philosophers and biologists and to experienced readers as well as novices. The book is structured into four sections ‘Science’, ‘Biology’, ‘Microbes’ and ‘Humans’ and consists of a collection of articles written by John Dupré over the past few years. A very wide range of topics are discussed. Among other things, Dupré defends a pluralism that emphasizes that while there (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 13th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Susan G. Sterrett, Too Many Instincts: Contrasting Philosophical Views on Intelligence in Humans and Non-Humans.
    This paper investigates the following proposal about machine intelligence: that behaviour in which a habitual response that would have been inappropriate in a certain unfamiliar situation is overridden and replaced by a more appropriate response be considered evidence of intelligence. The proposal was made in an earlier paper (Sterrett 2000) and arose from an analysis of a neglected test for intelligence hinted at in Turing's legendary 'Computing Machinery and Intelligence'; it was also argued there that it was a more principled (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 12th 2014 GMT
Aug 11th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Eric Palmer, Vulnerable Due to Hope: Aspiration Paradox as a Cross-Cultural Concern.
    This presentation (International Development Ethics Association, July 2014) considers economic vulnerability, exploring the risk of deprivation of necessary resources due to a complex and rarely discussed vulnerability that arises from hope. Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological account of French petit-bourgeois aspiration in The Social Structures of the Economy has recently inspired Wendy Olsen to introduce the term “aspiration paradox” to characterize cases wherein “a borrower's status aspirations may contribute to a situation in which their borrowings exceed their capacity to repay,” leaving the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 10th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Maria Kronfeldner, Neil Roughley & Georg Toepfer, Recent Work on Human Nature: Beyond Traditional Essences.
    Recent philosophical work on the concept of human nature disagrees on how to respond to the Darwinian challenge, according to which biological species do not have traditional essences. Three broad kinds of reactions can be distinguished: (1) conservative intrinsic essentialism, which defends essences in the traditional sense, (2) eliminativism, which suggests dropping the concept of human nature altogether, and (3) constructive approaches, which argue that revisions can generate sensible concepts of human nature beyond traditional essences. The different constructive approaches pick (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Jussi Suikkanen, Judgment Internalism and Self-Knowledge.
    Judgment internalism about evaluative judgments is the view that there is a necessary internal connection between evaluative judgments and motivation understood as desires. The debate about judgment internalism has reached a standoff some time ago. In this paper, I outline a new argument for judgment internalism. This argument does not rely on intuitions about cases, but rather it has the form of an inference to the best explanation. I argue that the best philosophical explanations of how we know what we (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 9th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Michael Hannon, The Universal Core of Knowledge.
    Many epistemologists think we can derive important theoretical insights by investigating the English word ‘know’ or the concept it expresses. However, fewer than six percent of the world’s population are native English speakers, and some empirical evidence suggests that the concept of knowledge is culturally relative. So why should we think that facts about the word ‘know’ or the concept it expresses have important ramifications for epistemology? In this paper, I argue that the concept of knowledge is universal (expressed by (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 8th 2014 GMT
volume 9, issue 2, 2014
  1. Jason Megill, An Argument Against Epiphenomenalism.
    I formulate an argument against epiphenomenalism; the argument shows that epiphenomenalism is extremely improbable. Moreover the argument suggests that qualia not only have causal powers, but have their causal powers necessarily. I address possible objections and then conclude by considering some implications the argument has for dualism.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Corey W. Dyck, Beyond the Paralogisms: Kant on the Soul’s Immortality in the Lectures on Metaphysics.
    Considered in light of the reader’s expectation of a thoroughgoing criticism of the pretensions of the rational psychologist, and of the wealth of discussions available in the broader 18th century context, which includes a variety of proofs that do not explicitly turn on the identification of the soul as a simple substance, Kant’s discussion of immortality in the Paralogisms falls lamentably short. However, outside of the Paralogisms (and the published works generally), Kant had much more to say about the arguments (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Corey W. Dyck, Between Wolffianism and Pietism: Baumgarten’s Rational Psychology.
    One of the primary targets in the Pietists’ campaign against the Wolffian philosophy was Wolff’s rational psychology. Taking issue particularly with Wolff’s account of the nature of the human soul and a spirit in general, the results of his demonstration of the immortality of the soul, and most of all his defense of the system of pre-established harmony, the Pietists contended that these central Wolffian doctrines were incompatible with our moral practice and with core theological claims. For his part, Wolff (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Corey W. Dyck, Materialism in the Mainstream of Early German Philosophy.
    Discussions of the reception of materialist thought in Germany in the first half of the 18th century tend to focus, naturally enough, upon the homegrown freethinkers who advanced the cause of Lucretius, Hobbes, and Spinoza in clandestine publications and frequently courted the ire of the state for doing so. If the philosophers belonging to the mainstream of German intellectual life in that period are accorded a place in the story, it is only insofar as they actively set themselves against the (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 7th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Walter Carnielli & Abilio Rodrigues, On Philosophical Motivations for Paraconsistency: An Ontology-Free Interpretation of the Logics of Formal Inconsistency.
    In this paper we present a philosophical motivation for the logics of formal inconsistency, a family of paraconsistent logics whose distinctive feature is that of having resources for expressing the notion of consistency within the object language in such a way that consistency may be logically independent of non- contradiction. We defend the view according to which logics of formal inconsistency may be interpreted as theories of logical consequence of an epistemological character. We also argue that in order to philosophically (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. DIRECT SUBMISSION
    Danny Frederick, Ceteris-Paribus Law-Statements Are Testable.
    It is often contended that statements of laws of nature are ceteris-paribus in some, or even in all, of the sciences. It is often objected that ceteris-paribus law-statements are vacuous or untestable. I show that such objections are mistaken and depend upon confusions between vacuity, untestability and ad hoc immunity to rejection, and between verifiability and falsifiability. I highlight some of those confusions in opponents of ceteris-paribus law-statements, such as John Earman, John Roberts and Sheldon Smith. I suggest that such (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 5th 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Luc Bovens, The Tragedy of the Commons as a Voting Game.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Paul Daniels, The Persistent Time Traveller: Contemporary Issues in the Metaphysics of Time and Persistence.
    The main theme of this thesis is time travel; time travel cases—both from relativistic physics and science fiction—provide or highlight deep problems for certain positions in contemporary debates about the metaphysical nature of time and of how material objects persist through time. This thesis explores the implications of these discussions; more specifically, I draw attention to some of the interesting things we can learn about presentism (a theory of time) and endurantism (a theory of persistence) from discussions of time travel (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
Aug 3rd 2014 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Matthew D. Adler, Happiness Surveys and Public Policy: What's the Use?
    This Article provides a comprehensive, critical overview of proposals to use happiness surveys for steering public policy. Happiness or “subjective well-being” surveys ask individuals to rate their present happiness, life-satisfaction, affective state, etc. A massive literature now engages in such surveys or correlates survey responses with individual attributes. And, increasingly, scholars argue for the policy relevance of happiness data: in particular, as a basis for calculating aggregates such as “gross national happiness,” or for calculating monetary equivalents for non-market goods based (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Michael A. Helfand & Barak D. Richman, The Challenge of Co-Religionist Commerce.
    This Article addresses the rise of “co-religionist commerce” in the United States — that is, the explosion of commercial dealings that take place between co-religionists who intend their transactions to achieve both commercial and religious objectives. To remain viable, co-religionist commerce requires all the legal support necessary to sustain all other commercial relationships. Contracts must be enforced, parties must be protected against torts, and disputes must be reliably adjudicated. Under current constitutional doctrine, co-religionist commercial agreements must be translated into secular (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation