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Jul 6th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Graeme A. Forbes, Review of Adrian Bardon , 'The Future of the Philosophy of Time. [REVIEW]
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    Terence Rajivan Edward, Cartesian Dualism and the Study of Cultural Artefacts.
    This paper evaluates an argument according to which many anthropologists commit themselves to Cartesian dualism, when they talk about meanings. This kind of dualism, it is argued, makes it impossible for anthropologists to adequately attend to material artefacts. The argument is very original but it is also vulnerable to a range objections.
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Jul 4th 2015 GMT
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  1. Jamie Brassett & John O'Reilly, Styling the Future. A Philosophical Account of Scenarios & Design.
    Since the end of the 1980s – the Decade of Style – the value of style in design has fallen. Recent times see a focus on style as a sign of design’s immaturity, while a more mature design should be attending to process, strategy and policy creation. Design Thinking has been enjoying its success in the same spirit, where it is championed as a way of taking design away from its early stage as ‘mere’ styling, towards the more thoughtful, serious (...)
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Jul 2nd 2015 GMT
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    Ryan Preston-Roedder & Erica Preston-Roedder, Grief and Recovery.
    Imagine that someone recovers relatively quickly, say, within two or three months, from grief over the death of her spouse, whom she loved and who loved her; and suppose that, after some brief interval, she remarries. Does the fact that she feels better and moves on relatively quickly somehow diminish the quality of her earlier relationship? Does it constitute a failure to do well by the person who died? Our aim is to respond to two arguments that give affirmative answers (...)
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Jul 1st 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Richard Bradley & Katie Steele, Making Climate Decisions.
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  2. Jacqueline Broad, A Great Championess for Her Sex": Sarah Chapone on Liberty as Nondomination and Self-Mastery.
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  3. Justin Oakley, A Virtue Ethics Analysis of Disclosure Requirements and Financial Incentives as Responses to Conflicts of Interest in Physician Prescribing.
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  4. Justin Oakley, Response to Commentaries: Sketch of a Virtue Ethics Regulatory Model.
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  5. Justin Oakley, Shame, Virtue, and Right Action.
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  6. Alison Ross, Gabriel Rockhill 'Radical History and the Politics of Art'.
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  7. Eric Schliesser, Review of Steven Shaviro The Universe of Things – On Speculative Realism. [REVIEW]
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  8. Thomas Schindler, Type-Free Truth.
    This book is a contribution to the flourishing field of formal and philosophical work on truth and the semantic paradoxes. Our aim is to present several theories of truth, to investigate some of their model-theoretic, recursion-theoretic and proof-theoretic aspects, and to evaluate their philosophical significance. In Part I we first outline some motivations for studying formal theories of truth, fix some terminology, provide some background on Tarski’s and Kripke’s theories of truth, and then discuss the prospects of classical type-free truth. (...)
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  9. John R. Searle, Conclusion: We Live in One World, and It All Hangs Together.
    Última sessió del seminari de John R. Searle.
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Jun 30th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Fabian Dorsch, Hume on the Imagination.
    This chapter overviews Hume’s thoughts on the nature and the role of imagining, with an almost exclusive focus on the first book of his Treatise of Human Nature. Over the course of this text, Hume draws and discusses three important distinctions among our conscious mental episodes : between impressions and ideas ; between ideas of the memory and ideas of the imagination; and , among the ideas of the imagination, between ideas of the judgement and ideas of the fancy . (...)
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    Igal Kvart, THE CAUSAL-PROCESS-CHANCE-BASED ANALYSIS OF CONTERFACTUALS.
    Abstract In this paper I consider an easier-to-read and improved to a certain extent version of the causal chance-based analysis of counterfactuals that I proposed and argued for in my A Theory of Counterfactuals. Sections 2, 3 and 4 form Part I: In it, I survey the analysis of the core counterfactuals (in which, very roughly, the antecedent is compatible with history prior to it). In section 2 I go through the three main aspects of this analysis, which are the (...)
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Jun 29th 2015 GMT
New books
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    Aaron Smuts, Welfare, Meaning, and Worth.
    The central thesis of this book is that there is more to what makes a life worth living than welfare. I argue that the notion of worth captures matters of importance that no plausible theory of welfare can account for. Worth is best thought of as a higher-level kind of value. I defend an objective list theory (OLT) of worth¬—lives worth living are net high in various objective goods. Not only do I defend an list of some of the goods, (...)
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    Igal Kvart, A Short Outline of the Indicativity Theory of Knowledge.
    Abstract In this paper I present a short outline of an Indicativity Theory of Knowledge, for the cases of Perceptual Knowledge and Knowledge by Memory. I explain the main rationale for a token-indicativity approach, and how it is fleshed out precisely in terms of chances. I elaborate on the account of the value of knowledge it provides, and what that value is. I explain why, given the rationale of conceiving Knowledge as token indicativity, separate sub-accounts in terms of chances should (...)
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Jun 28th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Christopher Stephens, The Moral Community and Moral Consideration : A Pragmatic Approach.
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Jun 26th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Bernd Buldt, Fixed Points, Diagonalization, Self-Reference, Paradox.
    Slides for the first tutorial on Gödel's incompleteness theorems, held at UniLog 5 Summer School, Istanbul, June 24, 2015.
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  2. Bernd Buldt, Gödel’s First Incompleteness Theorem.
    Slides for the second tutorial on Gödel's incompleteness theorems, held at UniLog 5 Summer School, Istanbul, June 24, 2015.
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  3. Bernd Buldt, Gödel’s Second Incompleteness Theorem.
    Slides for the third tutorial on Gödel's incompleteness theorems, held at UniLog 5 Summer School, Istanbul, June 24, 2015.
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    Lucas P. Halpin, Science and Disability.
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    Igal Kvart, Abstract: Cognitive Risk Bias and the Threat to the Semantics of Knowledge Ascriptions.
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    Igal Kvart, Action-Directed Pragmatics Secures Semantically Autonomous Knowledge.
    In the past couple of decades, there were a few major attempts to establish the thesis of pragmatic infringement – that a significant pragmatic ingredient figures significantly in the truth-conditions for knowledge-ascriptions. As candidates, epistemic contextualism and Relativism flaunted conversational standards, and Stanley's SSI promoted stakes. These conceptions were propelled first and foremost by obviously pragmatic examples of knowledge ascriptions that seem to require a pragmatic component in the truth-conditions of knowledge ascriptions in order to be accounted for. However, if (...)
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Jun 25th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Benjamin T. H. Smart & Karim P. Y. Thebault, Dispositions and the Principle of Least Action Revisited (Preprint - Forthcoming in Analysis).
    Some time ago, Joel Katzav (2004; 2005) and Brian Ellis (2005) debated the compatibility of dispositional essentialism with the principle of least action. Surprisingly, very little has been said on the matter since, even by the most naturalistically inclined metaphysicians. Here we revisit the Katzav-Ellis arguments of 2004-2005. We outline the two problems for the dispositionalist identified by Katzav in his 2004 (we call these the ‘contingent action-quantities’ and ‘explanatory’ objections), and claim they are not as problematic for the dispositional (...)
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Jun 24th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Astrid Kander, Magnus Jiborn, Daniel Moran & Thomas Wiedmann, National Greenhouse-Gas Accounting for Effective Climate Policy on International Trade.
    National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by (...)
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Jun 22nd 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Luca Moretti, Problems of Wright's Entitlement Theory.
    I am concerned with Crispin Wright (2004, 2008, 2012 and 2014)’s entitlement theory, according to which (1) we have non-evidential justification for accepting propositions of a general type, which Wright calls cornerstones, and (2) this non-evidential justification for cornerstones can secure evidential justification for believing many other propositions––those we take to be true on the grounds of ordinary evidence. I initially focus on Wright’s strategic entitlement, which is one of the types of entitlement that Wright has described in more detail. (...)
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Jun 20th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Robert D. Rupert, Embodied Functionalism and Inner Complexity: Simon’s 21st-Century Mind.
    This chapter argues that Simon anticipated what has emerged as the consensus view about human cognition: embodied functionalism. According to embodied functionalism, cognitive processes appear at a distinctively cognitive level; types of cognitive processes (such as proving a theorem) are not identical to kinds of neural processes, because the former can take various physical forms in various individual thinkers. Nevertheless, the distinctive characteristics of such processes — their causal structures — are determined by fine-grained properties shared by various, often especially (...)
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Jun 19th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Stephanie Rennick, Foreknowledge, Fate and Freedom.
    “Foreknowledge, Fate and Freedom” is concerned with diagnosing and debunking a pervasive and prevalent folk intuition: that a foreknown future would be problematically, and freedom-hinderingly, fixed. In it, I discuss foreknowledge in and of itself, but also as a lens through which we can examine other intuitions and concepts: the apparent asymmetry of future and past; worries about fate and free will; notions of coincidence and likelihood; assumptions about God, time travel and ourselves. This thesis provides the first philosophical map (...)
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    Gerald L. Hull, Tracking the Moral Truth: Debunking Street’s Darwinian Dilemma.
    Sharon Street’s 2006 article “A Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value” challenges the epistemological pretensions of the moral realist, of the nonnaturalist in particular. Given that “Evolutionary forces have played a tremendous role in shaping the content of human evaluative attitudes” – why should one suppose such attitudes and concomitant beliefs would track an independent moral reality? Especially since, on a nonnaturalist view, moral truth is causally inert. I abstract a logical skeleton of Street’s argument and, with its aid, (...)
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Jun 18th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. R. E. Houser, The Friar and the Vizier on the Range of the Theoretical Sciences.
    While the importance of Avicenna as a source of Aquinas’s thought is generally recognized, the details of that dependence are just now being worked out. This article presents Avicenna’s teaching on the “subjects” of the theoretical sciences—physics, mathematics, and metaphysics—as presented in his Introduction to the Book of Healing. Its influence on Aquinas’s commentary on Boethius’s De trinitate, q. 5, art. 1, is then presented. Comparing Avicenna with Thomas in this way shows the profound influence of Avicenna on Thomas’s understanding (...)
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    David Ellerman, Mac Lane, Bourbaki, and Adjoints: A Heteromorphic Retrospective.
    Saunders Mac Lane famously remarked that "Bourbaki just missed" formulating adjoints in a 1948 appendix (written no doubt by Pierre Samuel) to an early draft of Algebre--which then had to wait until Daniel Kan's 1958 paper on adjoint functors. But Mac Lane was using the orthodox treatment of adjoints that only contemplates the object-to-object morphisms within a category, i.e., homomorphisms. When Samuel's treatment is reconsidered in view of the treatment of adjoints using heteromorphisms or hets (object-to-object morphisms between objects in (...)
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    David Ellerman, On Adjoint and Brain Functors.
    There is some consensus among orthodox category theorists that the concept of adjoint functors is the most important concept contributed to mathematics by category theory. We give a heterodox treatment of adjoints using heteromorphisms (object-to-object morphisms between objects of different categories) that parses an adjunction into two separate parts (left and right representations of heteromorphisms). Then these separate parts can be recombined in a new way to define a cognate concept, the brain functor, to abstractly model the functions of perception (...)
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    David Ellerman, On the Self-Predicative Universals of Category Theory.
    This paper shows how the universals of category theory in mathematics provide a model (in the Platonic Heaven of mathematics) for the self-predicative strand of Plato's Theory of Forms as well as for the idea of a "concrete universal" in Hegel and similar ideas of paradigmatic exemplars in ordinary thought. The paper also shows how the always-self-predicative universals of category theory provide the "opposite bookend" to the never-self-predicative universals of iterative set theory and thus that the paradoxes arose from having (...)
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Jun 17th 2015 GMT
volume 172, issue 7, 2015
  1. Farid Masrour, The Geometry of Visual Space and the Nature of Visual Experience.
    Some recently popular accounts of perception account for the phenomenal character of perceptual experience in terms of the qualities of objects. My concern in this paper is with naturalistic versions of such a phenomenal externalist view. Focusing on visual spatial perception, I argue that naturalistic phenomenal externalism conflicts with a number of scientific facts about the geometrical characteristics of visual spatial experience.
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Jun 14th 2015 GMT
forthcoming articles
  1. Robert Knowles & David Liggins, Good Weasel Hunting.
    The ‘indispensability argument’ for the existence of mathematical objects appeals to the role mathematics plays in science. In a series of publications, Joseph Melia has offered a distinctive reply to the indispensability argument. The purpose of this paper is to clarify Melia’s response to the indispensability argument and to advise Melia and his critics on how best to carry forward the debate. We will begin by presenting Melia’s response and diagnosing some recent misunderstandings of it. Then we will discuss four (...)
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Jun 12th 2015 GMT
New books
  1. B. Loewer & J. Schaffer (eds.) (2015). A Companion to Lewis. Wiley-Blackwell.
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Manuscripts
  1. Manuel Dries, How Hard is It to Create Values?
    This paper examines what Nietzsche might mean by the proposition that “values are created”. It further raises the issue whether there is a hard problem of value creation analogous to the “hard problem” in the philosophy of mind. Nietzsche could be seen as a philosopher who tried to shift people’s views about values away from any realist-objectivist intuitions. He was optimistic that these views could be eliminated, and that eventually most or all would come to conceive of values as created. (...)
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Jun 11th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
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    Heidi Savage, Why Names Are Almost Never Predicates.
    There are at least three kinds of cases offered as evidence that proper names ought to be treated as predicates: attribution cases, quantifier cases, and disambiguation cases. None of these cases conclusively shows that names are predicates. In attribution cases, for example, in saying that Frank is a real Napoleon, we are not attributing the property of being Napoleon to Frank. Instead, what we are doing is comparing the properties Frank has to the properties Napoleon has, and we can easily (...)
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Jun 10th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. Albert Garth Thomas, Contested Concepts: The Salience of Metaphysics to Bioethical Debate.
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    Mark Eli Kalderon, Reply to Ganson.
    A reply to Todd Ganson’s “Was Aristotle a Naïve Realist”, a talk for a conference in Gothenburg Sweden 12-14 June 2015 entitled The Mechanisms of Sense Perception in Aristotle and the Aristotelian Tradition.
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Jun 8th 2015 GMT
Manuscripts
  1. David McNeill, Social Freedom and Self-Actualization: “Normative Reconstruction” as a Theory of Justice.
    In Freedom's Right Axel Honneth seeks to provide a theory of justice by appropriating Hegel's account of ethical substance in the Philosophy of Right, but he wants to do so without endorsing Hegel's more robust idealist commitments. I argue that this project can only succeed if Honneth can offer an alternative, comparatively robust demonstration of the rationality and normative coherence of existing social institutions. I contend that the grounds Honneth provides for this claim are insufficient for his purposes. In particular, (...)
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  2. Gerald Taylor, Human Flourishing and Autonomy as Passive.
    Most prominent accounts of autonomy are active accounts, which means they hold that an agent can be autonomous with respect to a given action only if that agent has appropriately sanctioned that action. Active accounts, however, are vulnerable to the regress problem, since it seems that the required sanctioning actions are themselves just actions that must be sanctioned. Passive accounts hope to avoid the regress problem by eschewing the notion that autonomous action requires agential sanction, but face in its place (...)
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