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Profile: Shamas Alexander (University of Manchester)
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  1. Richard J. Davidson, Nacewicz, M. B., Dalton, M. K., Johnstone, T., Long, M., McAuliff, M. E., Oakes, R. T., Alexander & L. A., Amygdala Volume and Nonverbal Social Impairment in Adolescent and Adult Males with Autism.
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  2. Keith Anderson, Katherine Woods, William Alexander, Julian Ingram & Mark Johnson, Characters of the Dialogue.
    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 RECORDER'S PREFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (...)
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  3. Corrina J. Frye, Hillary S. Schaefer & Andrew L. Alexander, Individual Differences in Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Activity Are Associated with Evaluation Speed and Psychological Well-Being.
    & Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined whether individual differences in amygdala activation in response to negative relative to neutral information are related to differences in the speed with which such information is evaluated, the extent to which such differences are associated with medial prefrontal cortex function, and their relationship with measures of trait anxiety and psychological well-being (PWB). Results indicated that faster judgments of negative relative to neutral information were associated with increased left and right amygdala activation. In (...)
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  4. William Irvine, Richard Alexander & J. W. Burrow, Lecture 7. Charles Darwin on the Moral Faculties.
    The basic idea of his Origin of Species is that in nature there is a process similar to what goes on in the breeding of domestic plants and animals. If a breeder wants to produce a variety with certain characteristics, he/she keeps an eye out for individuals that have some approximation to those characteristics and breeds from them and not from individuals that do not have something like the desired characteristics. The other individuals may be destroyed, or they may just (...)
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  5. Chester Alexander (forthcoming). Infant Mortality and Longevity. Social Research.
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  6. David A. Alexander & Ewan Ritchie (forthcoming). " Stressors" and Difficulties in Dealing with the Terminal Patient. Journal of Palliative Care.
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  7. Fm Alexander (forthcoming). Il Controllo consapevole e costruttivo di se stessi. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  8. H. A. Alexander (forthcoming). After the Revolution, the Normative Revival in Post-Analytic Philosophy of Education. Philosophy of Education.
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  9. James Alexander (forthcoming). Notes Towards A Definition of Politics. Philosophy:1-28.
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  10. Jason McKenzie Alexander, Johannes Himmelreich & Christopher Thompson (forthcoming). Epistemic Landscapes, Optimal Search, and the Division of Cognitive Labor. .
    This article examines two questions about scientists’ search for knowledge. First, which search strategies generate discoveries effectively? Second, is it advantageous to diversify search strategies? We argue pace Weisberg and Muldoon, “Epistemic Landscapes and the Division of Cognitive Labor”, that, on the first question, a search strategy that deliberately seeks novel research approaches need not be optimal. On the second question, we argue they have not shown epistemic reasons exist for the division of cognitive labor, identifying the errors that led (...)
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  11. Joshua Alexander, Chad Gonnerman & John Waterman (forthcoming). Salience and Epistemic Egocentrism: An Empirical Study. In James Beebe (ed.), Advances in Experimental Epistemology. Continuum
    Jennifer Nagel (2010) has recently proposed a fascinating account of the decreased tendency to attribute knowledge in conversational contexts in which unrealized possibilities of error have been mentioned. Her account appeals to epistemic egocentrism, or what is sometimes called the curse of knowledge, an egocentric bias to attribute our own mental states to other people (and sometimes our own future and past selves). Our aim in this paper is to investigate the empirical merits of Nagel’s hypothesis about the psychology involved (...)
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  12. Lea Alexander (forthcoming). Book Review: Doing Justice: Congregations and Community Organizing. [REVIEW] Interpretation 57 (3):338-338.
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  13. Lowen Alexander (forthcoming). Arrendersi al corpo. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  14. Meena Alexander (forthcoming). Rites of Sense. Feminist Studies.
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  15. Robert J. Alexander (forthcoming). Splinter Groups in American Radical Politics. Social Research.
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  16. Samuel Alexander (forthcoming). Guessing, Mind-Changing, and the Second Ambiguous Class. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic.
    In his dissertation, Wadge defined a notion of guessability on subsets of the Baire space and gave two characterizations of guessable sets. A set is guessable iff it is in the second ambiguous class (boldface Delta^0_2), iff it is eventually annihilated by a certain remainder. We simplify this remainder and give a new proof of the latter equivalence. We then introduce a notion of guessing with an ordinal limit on how often one can change one's mind. We show that for (...)
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  17. José Edgar Carmona Franco, Amaya Díaz, José Alexander & Karen Lizeth Salcedo Rodríguez (forthcoming). Principio de la conservación de la energía mecánica en caída libre. Scientia.
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  18. Luz Adriana Ochoa Medina, López Valencia, Heyder Alexander & Pedro Pablo Ballesteros Silva (forthcoming). Creación e implementación del centro regional de investigación en logística. Scientia.
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  19. Kenneth A. Richman, Leslie B. Alexander & Gala True (forthcoming). How Do Street-Level Research Workers Think About the Ethics of Doing Research “On the Ground” with Marginalized Target Populations? Ajob Empirical Bioethics:00-00.
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  20. Larry Alexander (2015). Hellman , Deborah , and Moreau , Sophia , Eds. Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Pp. 283. $98.50. [REVIEW] Ethics 125 (3):872-879.
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  21. Review by: Larry Alexander (2015). Review: Deborah Hellman and Sophia Moreau, Eds., Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law. [REVIEW] Ethics 125 (3):872-879,.
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  22. Alexander Schlegel, Prescott Alexander, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Adina Roskies, Peter Ulric Tse & Thalia Wheatley (2015). Hypnotizing Libet: Readiness Potentials with Non-Conscious Volition. Consciousness and Cognition 33:196-203.
    The readiness potential (RP) is one of the most controversial topics in neuroscience and philosophy due to its perceived relevance to the role of conscious willing in action. Libet and colleagues reported that RP onset precedes both volitional movement and conscious awareness of willing that movement, suggesting that the experience of conscious will may not cause volitional movement (Libet, Gleason, Wright, & Pearl, 1983). Rather, they suggested that the RP indexes unconscious processes that may actually cause both volitional movement and (...)
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  23. David E. Alexander (2014). Social Media in Disaster Risk Reduction and Crisis Management. Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):717-733.
    This paper reviews the actual and potential use of social media in emergency, disaster and crisis situations. This is a field that has generated intense interest. It is characterised by a burgeoning but small and very recent literature. In the emergencies field, social media (blogs, messaging, sites such as Facebook, wikis and so on) are used in seven different ways: listening to public debate, monitoring situations, extending emergency response and management, crowd-sourcing and collaborative development, creating social cohesion, furthering causes (including (...)
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  24. Gregory S. Alexander (2014). Intergenerational Communities. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 8 (1):21-57.
    Under the human flourishing theory of property, owners have obligations, positive as well as negative, that they owe to members of the various communities to which they belong. But are the members of those communities limited to living persons, or do they include non-living persons as well, i.e., future persons and the dead? This Article argues that owners owe two sorts of obligation to non-living members of our generational communities, one general, the other specific. The general obligation is to provide (...)
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  25. Hanan Alexander (2014). Education in Nonviolence: Levinas' Talmudic Readings and the Study of Sacred Texts. Ethics and Education 9 (1):58-68.
  26. J. C. Alexander (2014). The Fate of the Dramatic in Modern Society: Social Theory and the Theatrical Avant-Garde. Theory, Culture and Society 31 (1):3-24.
    Avant-garde theatre is often invoked as the bellwether for a society that has become postdramatic – fragmented, alienated, and critical of efforts to create collectively shared meanings. A theatre whose sequenced actions have no narrative mirrors a social world where the most conflictual situations no longer appear as drama but merely as spectacle: a society where audiences look on without any feeling or connection. Because only half right, these theses about postdramatic theatre and society are fundamentally wrong. As modern societies (...)
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  27. J. McKenzie Alexander (2014). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in which (...)
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  28. Joshua Alexander (2014). "Experimental Philosophy and its Critic," Ed. Joachim Horvath and Thomas Grundmann; "Experimental Philosophy," Volume 2, Ed. Joshua Knobe and Shaun Nichols; and "Current Controversies in Experimental Philosophy," Ed. Edouard Machery and Elizabeth O’Neill. [REVIEW] Teaching Philosophy 37 (3):411-414.
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  29. Larry Alexander (2014). Hart and Punishment for Negligence. In C. G. Pulman (ed.), Hart on Responsibility.
  30. Larry Alexander (2014). The Ontology of Consent. Analytic Philosophy 55 (1):102-113.
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  31. Samuel A. Alexander (2014). A Machine That Knows Its Own Code. Studia Logica 102 (3):567-576.
    We construct a machine that knows its own code, at the price of not knowing its own factivity.
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  32. Thomas M. Alexander (2014). Review Susanne Langer in Focus: The Symbolic Mind Innis Robert E. Indiana UP Bloomington. The Pluralist 9 (1):108-114.
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  33. Thomas M. Alexander (2014). Susanne Langer in Focus: The Symbolic Mind by Robert E. Innis (Review). The Pluralist 9 (1):108-114.
    Robert Innis has performed an immensely valuable service for scholars in the fields of American philosophy, aesthetics, and semiotics. Not only does his comprehensive view of Susanne K. Langer’s opus show us its development, but this is the only book in English devoted solely to Langer. I hope it may help retrieve her considerable philosophical achievement from the penumbral, fading status it has today. Not only does Innis give us a close discussion of Langer’s philosophy, but he also presents a (...)
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  34. Victoria N. Alexander (2014). Introduction: Toward a Definition of Biosemiosic Chance. Biosemiotics 7 (3):329-334.
    In this special issue, our objective is to clarify what biosemioticians may mean insofar as they claim that living systems are capable of making choices or that biosemiotic interpretations are partially indeterminate. A number of different senses of the term “chance” are discussed as we move toward a consensus. We find that biosemiosic chance may arise out of conditions involving quantum indeterminacy, randomness, deterministic chaos, or unpredictability, but biosemiosic chance is mainly due to the fact that living entities invest their (...)
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  35. Rommel O. Salvador, Altaf Merchant & Elizabeth A. Alexander (2014). Faith and Fair Trade: The Moderating Role of Contextual Religious Salience. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (3):353-371.
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  36. Amir Alexander (2013). When Mathematics Mattered. Metascience 22 (2):451-453.
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  37. Amir Alexander, Aesha Mustafa, Sarah A. V. Emil, Ebenezer Amekah, Cyril Engmann, Richard Adanu & Cheryl A. Moyer (2013). Social Support During Delivery in Rural Central Ghana: A Mixed Methods Study of Women's Preferences for and Against Inclusion of a Lay Companion in the Delivery Room. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-17.
  38. Benjamin B. Alexander (2013). Flannery O'Connor: Looking in From the Outside by Brad Gooch. The Chesterton Review 39 (3):329-337.
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  39. David J. Alexander (2013). The Problem of Respecting Higher-Order Doubt. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (18).
    This paper argues that higher-order doubt generates an epistemic dilemma. One has a higher-order doubt with regards to P insofar as one justifiably withholds belief as to what attitude towards P is justified. That is, one justifiably withholds belief as to whether one is justified in believing, disbelieving, or withholding belief in P. Using the resources provided by Richard Feldman’s recent discussion of how to respect one’s evidence, I argue that if one has a higher-order doubt with regards to P, (...)
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  40. Hanan Alexander (2013). Caring and Agency: Noddings on Happiness in Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (5):488-493.
  41. J. C. Alexander (2013). The Arc of Civil Liberation Obama–Tahrir–Occupy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (4-5):341-347.
    Despite anxieties about the growing power of neo-liberalism, the crisis of the EU and the upsurge of right-wing political movements, it is important to recognize that utopian movements on the left have also in recent years been symbolically revitalized and organizationally sustained. This article analyses three recent social upheavals as utopian civil society movements, placing the 2008 US presidential campaign of Barack Obama, the Egyptian uprising in Tahrir Square and the Occupy Movement in the USA inside the narrative arc that (...)
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  42. J. M. Alexander (2013). On the Redress of Grievances. Analysis 73 (2):228-230.
    Consider the problem of allocating a scarce resource to people. A fair decision procedure is one where each person has an equal chance of receiving the resource. An unfair decision procedure is one where the chances are not equal. Normally we think that, in an unfair decision procedure, that the correct way to redress the injustice is by rerunning the allocation using a fair decision procedure. In this paper, I show that this actually creates an overall bias favouring one person, (...)
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  43. J. McKenzie Alexander, Preferential Attachment and the Search for Successful Theories.
    Multiarm bandit problems have been used to model the selection of competing scientific theories by boundedly rational agents. In this paper, I define a variable-arm bandit problem, which allows the set of scientific theories to vary over time. I show that Roth-Erev reinforcement learning, which solves multiarm bandit problems in the limit, cannot solve this problem in a reasonable time. However, social learning via preferential attachment combined with individual reinforcement learning which discounts the past, does.
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  44. Jeffrey C. Alexander (2013). The Dark Side of Modernity. Polity Press.
    Social theory between progress and apocalypse -- Autonomy and domination: Weber's cage -- Barbarism and modernity: Eisenstadt's regret -- Integration and justice: Parsons' utopia -- Despising others: Simmel's stranger -- Meaning evil -- De-civilizing the civil sphere -- Psychotherapy as central institution -- The frictions of modernity and their possible repair.
     
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  45. Larry Alexander (2013). Can Self-Defense Justify Punishment? Law and Philosophy 32 (2-3):159-175.
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  46. Larry Alexander (2013). Causing the Conditions of One's Defense: A Theoretical Non-Problem. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (3):623-628.
    My contribution to this symposium is short and negative: There are no theoretical problems that attach to one’s causing the conditions that permit him to claim a defense to some otherwise criminal act. If one assesses the culpability of an actor at each of the various times he acts in a course of conduct, then it is obvious that he can be nonculpable at T2 but culpable at T1, and that a nonculpable act at T2 has no bearing on whether (...)
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  47. Larry Alexander (2013). Other People's Errors. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):1049-1059.
    The question of when other people’s bad acts belong on our moral ledger arises in a number of different scenarios. Each scenario has received some philosophical attention, but no one has noted the structural similarities of these various scenarios or the implications of a proposed approach to one for how the others should be approached. That is the ambition of this article. In it, seemingly disparate moral phenomena—blunt rules, preemptive restrictions, moral blackmail, complicity, retreat and proportional response, and the duty (...)
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  48. Larry Alexander (2013). You Got What You Deserved. Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (2):309-319.
  49. Larry Alexander (2013). Yaffe on Attempts. Legal Theory 19 (2):124-135.
    Gideon Yaffe's Attempts is a masterfully executed philosophical investigation of what it means to attempt something. Yaffe is obviously motivated by the fact that the criminal law punishes attempted crimes, and he believes that his philosophical analysis can shed light on and be used to criticize the law's understanding of those crimes. I focus exclusively on the relevance of Yaffe's philosophical analysis of attempts to the criminal law of attempts. I assume that Yaffe's account of what it is to attempt (...)
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  50. Lawrence Alexander (2013). Yaffe on Attempts. Legal Theory 2014:13-113.
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