Search results for 'BACTERIOPHAGE typing' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. U. Deichmann (2008). Different Methods and Metaphysics in Early Molecular Genetics - A Case of Disparity of Research? History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (1):53-78.score: 60.0
    The encounter between two fundamentally different approaches in seminal research in molecular biology-the problems, aims, methods and metaphysics - is delineated and analyzed. They are exemplified by the microbiologist Oswald T. Avery who, in line with the reductionist mechanistic metaphysics of Jacques Loeb, attempted to explain basic life phenomena through chemistry; and the theoretical physicist Max Delbrück who, influenced by Bohr’s antimechanistic views, preferred to explain these phenomena without chemistry. Avery’s and Delbrück’s most important studies took place concurrently. Thus analysis (...)
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  2. Gregory J. Morgan (2001). Bacteriophage Biology and Kenneth Schaffner's Rendition of Developmentalism. Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):85-92.score: 24.0
    In this paper I consider Kenneth Schaffner''s(1998) rendition of ''''developmentalism'''' from the point of viewof bacteriophage biology. I argue that the fact that a viablephage can be produced from purified DNA and host cellularcomponents lends some support to the anti-developmentalist, ifthey first show that one can draw a principled distinctionbetween genetic and environmental effects. The existence ofhost-controlled phage host range restriction supports thedevelopmentalist''s insistence on the parity of DNA andenvironment. However, in the case of bacteriophage, thedevelopmentalist stands on (...)
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  3. Alexander Paseau (2008). Fitch's Argument and Typing Knowledge. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 49 (2):153-176.score: 20.0
    Fitch's argument purports to show that if all truths are knowable then all truths are known. The argument exploits the fact that the knowledge predicate or operator is untyped and may thus apply to sentences containing itself. This article outlines a response to Fitch's argument based on the idea that knowledge is typed. The first part of the article outlines the philosophical motivation for the view, comparing it to the motivation behind typing truth. The second, formal part presents a (...)
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  4. Crystal K. Liu (2007). 'Saviour Siblings'? The Distinction Between PGD with HLA Tissue Typing and Preimplantation HLA Tissue Typing. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):65-70.score: 18.0
    One of the more controversial uses of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) involves selecting embryos with a specific tissue type so that the child to be born can act as a donor to an existing sibling who requires a haematopoietic stem cell transplant. PGD with HLA tissue typing is used to select embryos that are free of a familial genetic disease and that are also a tissue match for an existing sibling who requires a transplant. Preimplantation HLA tissue typing (...)
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  5. K. Devolder (2005). Preimplantation HLA Typing: Having Children to Save Our Loved Ones. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (10):582-586.score: 18.0
    Next SectionPreimplantation tissue typing has been proposed as a method for creating a tissue matched child that can serve as a haematopoietic stem cell donor to save its sick sibling in need of a stem cell transplant. Despite recent promising results, many people have expressed their disapproval of this method. This paper addresses the main concerns of these critics: the risk of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the child to be born; the intention to have a donor child; the (...)
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  6. Shalom Lappin, An Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing for Natural Language Semantics.score: 18.0
    We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types.1 We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like most. We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a type-theoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine previous type-theoretic analyses (...)
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  7. Martin Kurthen (1999). Semantic Typing Via Neuronal Assemblies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):296-297.score: 18.0
    One of the main aspects of a neurobiological theory of language is the problem of meaning (or semantic content) in the brain. A full explanation of meaning requires a combined approach to semantic typing and the semantic success of cerebral states or processes. Pulvermüller presents his Hebbian model of language in the brain (HML) as an account of semantic success. If his proposal turns out to be viable, however, it may also promote a theory of semantic typing.
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  8. B. O. Rump & F. Woonink (2012). Ethical Questions Concerning the Use of Molecular Typing Techniques in the Control of Infectious Diseases. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):311-313.score: 18.0
    This case for discussion highlights some of the ethical difficulties that may arise in the use of molecular typing techniques in the control of infectious diseases. Molecular typing techniques offer evidence (stronger than regular epidemiological exploration of sources and contacts) for claims about infection routes. Such evidence will mean that public health authorities need to think about how to respond ethically to causal responsibility for contagion. In this context, questions are raised about the use of molecular typing (...)
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  9. R. Harries (2005). Delivering Public Policy: The Status of the Embryo and Tissue Typing. Studies in Christian Ethics 18 (1):57-74.score: 18.0
    The author draws on his own experience of helping to make and deliver public policy to indicate the wider context in which ethical decisions have to be made: the law, contested interpretations of the law which have to be settled in the courts, and wider political and economic factors. He argues that the concept of respect for the early embryo does have substance because of the strict regulatory regime of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA). He considers the arguments (...)
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  10. Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin (2004). An Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing for Natural Language Semantics. Logic Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics 12 (2):135--168.score: 18.0
    We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types. We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like “most.” We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a type-theoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine previous type-theoretic analyses (...)
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  11. T. Bubela & S. Yanow (2012). Molecular Typing Technology: A Legal Perspective. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):317-320.score: 18.0
    This response to Rump and Woonink (2012) on ethical questions concerning the use of molecular typing techniques in the control of infectious diseases examines the use of typing in Canada and the legal framework that will govern its increasing use for source and contact tracing in provincial health systems. It examines whether current public health and privacy laws and constitutional protections provide the appropriate balance between public and individual interests in the control of infectious diseases.
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  12. Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin, Doing Natural Language Semantics in an Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing.score: 18.0
    A BSTRACT. We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types.1 We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like most. We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a typetheoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine (...)
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  13. Richard Feldman & Earl Conee (2002). Typing Problems. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):98-105.score: 15.0
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  14. Volker Halbach (2008). On a Side Effect of Solving Fitch's Paradox by Typing Knowledge. Analysis 68 (2):114 - 120.score: 15.0
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  15. Karen Ho (2001). Bacteriophage Therapy for Bacterial Infections: Rekindling a Memory From the Pre-Antibiotics Era. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (1):1-16.score: 15.0
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  16. N. R. Ram (2006). Britain's New Preimplantation Tissue Typing Policy: An Ethical Defence. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):278-282.score: 15.0
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  17. Shalom Lappin & C. Fox, Doing Natural Language Semantics in an Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing.score: 15.0
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  18. Patrick D. Murphy (1988). Sex-Typing the Planet. Environmental Ethics 10 (2):155-168.score: 15.0
    The ecology movement has recently attempted to reinvigorate the image of Earth in terms of Lovelock and Epton’s “Gaia hypothesis.” I analyze the shortcomings of using Gaia imagery in the works of Lovelock, deep ecologists, feminists, and ecological poets, and conclude that while the hypothesis serves to alter consciousness, naming it Gaia reinforces the oppressive hierarchical patterns of patriarchal gender stereotypes that it opposes. We are moving toward a new paradigm of nonpatriarchal pluralistic co-evolution, but if deep ecology is going (...)
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  19. Neeraja Sankaran (2010). Mutant Bacteriophages, Frank Macfarlane Burnet, and the Changing Nature of "Genespeak" in the 1930s. Journal of the History of Biology 43 (3):571 - 599.score: 14.0
    In 1936, Frank Macfarlane Burnet published a paper entitled "Induced lysogenicity and the mutation of bacteriophage within lysogenic bacteria," in which he demonstrated that the introduction of a specific bacteriophage into a bacterial strain consistently and repeatedly imparted a specific property – namely the resistance to a different phage – to the bacterial strain that was originally susceptible to lysis by that second phage. Burnet's explanation for this change was that the first phage was causing a mutation in (...)
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  20. Jan Westerhoff (2003). The Underdetermination of Typings. Erkenntnis 58 (3):379 - 414.score: 10.0
    This paper argues that there is no possible structural way of drawing a distinction between objects of different types, such as individuals and properties of different adicities and orders. We show first that purely combinatorial information (information about how objects combine to form states of affairs) is not sufficient for doing this. We show that for any set of such combinatorial data there is always more than one way of typing them – that is, there are always several ways (...)
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  21. Massimiliano Carrara & Davide Fassio (2011). Why Knowledge Should Not Be Typed: An Argument Against the Type Solution to the Knowability Paradox. Theoria 77 (2):180-193.score: 10.0
    The Knowability Paradox is a logical argument to the effect that, if there are truths not actually known, then there are unknowable truths. Recently, Alexander Paseau and Bernard Linsky have independently suggested a possible way to counter this argument by typing knowledge. In this article, we argue against their proposal that if one abstracts from other possible independent considerations supporting reasons for typing knowledge and considers the motivation for a type-theoretic approach with respect to the Knowability Paradox alone, (...)
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  22. Ton van Helvoort (1994). The Construction of Bacteriophage as Bacterial Virus: Linking Endogenous and Exogenous Thought Styles. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):91 - 139.score: 10.0
  23. Earl Conee (2002). Typing Problems. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):98 - 105.score: 10.0
  24. Alice Dreger (2010). Sex Typing for Sport. Hastings Center Report 40 (2):22-24.score: 10.0
  25. Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin (forthcoming). Type-Theoretic Logic with an Operational Account of Intensionality. Synthese:1-22.score: 10.0
    We formulate a Curry-typed logic with fine-grained intensionality within Turner’s typed predicate logic. This allows for an elegant presentation of a theory that corresponds to Fox and Lappin’s property theory with curry typing, but without the need for a federation of languages. We then consider how the fine-grained intensionality of this theory can be given an operational interpretation. This interpretation suggests itself as expressions in the theory can be viewed as terms in the untyped lambda-calculus, which provides a model (...)
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  26. Allan M. Campbell (1986). Bacteriophage Lambda as a Model System. Bioessays 5 (6):277-280.score: 10.0
  27. Stuart C. Clarke (2002). Nucleotide Sequence‐Based Typing of Bacteria and the Impact of Automation. Bioessays 24 (9):858-862.score: 10.0
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  28. Jenn-Yeu Chen & Cheng-Yi Li (2011). Word Form Encoding in Chinese Word Naming and Word Typing. Cognition 121 (1):140-146.score: 10.0
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  29. E. Fanoy & A. De Neeling (2012). Molecular Typing: Use with Care. Public Health Ethics 5 (3):313-314.score: 10.0
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  30. Jean Gallier (1998). Typing Untyped Λ-Terms, or Reducibility Strikes Again! Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 91 (2-3):231-270.score: 10.0
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  31. Fertilisation Human (2003). Court of Appeal Allows Tissue Typing for Human Embryos Under Strict Conditions. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 9 (2):23.score: 10.0
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  32. Albrecht Werner Inhoff, Robin Morris & John Calabrese (1986). Eye Movements in Skilled Transcription Typing. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):113-114.score: 10.0
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  33. Jong-Yoon Myung, Sheila E. Blumstein & Julie C. Sedivy (2006). Playing on the Typewriter, Typing on the Piano: Manipulation Knowledge of Objects. Cognition 98 (3):223-243.score: 10.0
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  34. Neeraja Sankaran (2010). The Bacteriophage, its Role in Immunology: How Macfarlane Burnet's Phage Research Shaped His Scientific Style. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):367-375.score: 10.0
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  35. Steffen van Bakel (2010). Completeness and Partial Soundness Results for Intersection and Union Typing For. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (11):1400-1430.score: 10.0
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  36. Richard Calendar (1982). Bacterial and Phage Genetics Bacterial and Bacteriophage Genetics: An Introduction Edward A. Birge. BioScience 32 (8):686-686.score: 10.0
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  37. John D. Childs, Michael J. Ellison & Raymond Pilon (1983). Discovery of a New Pyrimidine Dimer in Bacteriophage T4 DNA. BioScience 33 (8):517.score: 10.0
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  38. William R. Douglas (1971). Biochemistry Bacteriophage Biochemistry C. K. Mathews. BioScience 21 (21):1102-1102.score: 10.0
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  39. Erica Grundell (2003). Tissue Typing for Bone Marrow Transplantation: An Ethical Examination of Some Arguments Concerning Harm to the Child. Monash Bioethics Review 22 (4):45-55.score: 10.0
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  40. Stanley D. Harrison (2000). Cyborgs and Digital SoundWriting: Rearticulating Automated Speech R. Ecognition Typing Programs. Kairos 5.score: 10.0
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  41. John Hoaglund (1986). Typing. Informal Logic 8 (1).score: 10.0
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  42. Nikolai Krupski (2006). Typing in Reflective Combinatory Logic. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 141 (1):243-256.score: 10.0
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  43. Louis Levine & Lawrence Kobilinsky (1989). DNA Typing and Parentage. BioScience 39 (9):588-589.score: 10.0
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  44. Gene Ouellette & Talisa Tims (2014). The Write Way to Spell: Printing Vs. Typing Effects on Orthographic Learning. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 10.0
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  45. Martina Rieger, Fanny Martinez & Dorit Wenke (2011). Imagery of Errors in Typing. Cognition 121 (2):163-175.score: 10.0
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  46. William C. Summers (1993). How Bacteriophage Came to Be Used by the Phage Group. Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):255 - 267.score: 10.0
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  47. René Thomas (1993). Bacteriophage Lambda: Transactivation, Positive Controls and Other Odd Findings. Bioessays 15:1-5.score: 10.0
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  48. René Thomas (1993). Roots: Bacteriophage Λ: Transactivation, Positive Control and Other Odd Findings. Bioessays 15 (4):285-289.score: 10.0
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  49. Steffen van Bakel (2010). Completeness and Partial Soundness Results for Intersection and Union Typing for Http://Ars. Els-Cdn. Com/Content/Image/Http://Origin-Ars. Els-Cdn. Com/Content/Image/1-S2. 0-S0168007210000515-Si1. Gif"/>. [REVIEW] Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (11):1400-1430.score: 10.0
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