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David Boucher [70]Andrew Boucher [29]Geoff Boucher [17]Jill Boucher [7]
Pol Boucher [7]D. Boucher [6]Stéphanie Boucher [6]François Boucher [6]

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See also:
Profile: Andrew Boucher
Profile: Geoff Boucher (Deakin University)
Profile: Sandy Cameron Boucher (University of Melbourne)
Profile: Wayne I. Boucher (University of Southern California)
Profile: Jean-Philippe Boucher
Profile: Philip Boucher
Profile: Wayne I. Boucher
  1. Andrew Boucher, Created: 9 June 2003 12 November 2003 Version 1.1 Www.Andrewboucher.Com/Papers/Quadratic_reciprocity.Pdf.
    These notes are meant to continue from the paper on Consistency, in proving number-theoretic theorems from the second-order arithmetical system called FFFF. Its ultimate target is Quadratic Reciprocity, although it introduces and proves some facts about the least common multiple at the start.
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  2.  88
    Andrew Boucher, A A.... G.
    These notes are meant to continue from the paper on Consistency, in proving number-theoretic theorems from the second-order arithmetical system called FFFF. Its ultimate target is Quadratic Reciprocity, although it introduces and proves some facts about the least common multiple at the start.
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  3.  9
    Maureen A. O'Malley & Yan Boucher (2005). Paradigm Change in Evolutionary Microbiology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (1):183-208.
    Thomas Kuhn had little to say about scientific change in biological science, and biologists are ambivalent about how applicable his framework is for their disciplines. We apply Kuhn’s account of paradigm change to evolutionary microbiology, where key Darwinian tenets are being challenged by two decades of findings from molecular phylogenetics. The chief culprit is lateral gene transfer, which undermines the role of vertical descent and the representation of evolutionary history as a tree of life. To assess Kuhn’s relevance to this (...)
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  4.  5
    Luke Boucher & Zoltán Dienes (2003). Two Ways of Learning Associations. Cognitive Science 27 (6):807-842.
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  5.  85
    Philotheus Boehner, Stephen F. Brown, Luigi Boscolo, Paolo Bertrando, David Boucher & Andrew Vincent (1994). Clark, Andy, Associative Engines: Connectionism Concepts and Representational. Mind 103.
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  6.  10
    Thomas M. Brooks, Mohamed I. Bakarr, Tim Boucher, Gustavo A. B. Da Fonseca, Craig Hilton-Taylor, Jonathan M. Hoekstra, Tom Moritz, Silvio Olivier, Jeff Parrish, Robert L. Pressey, Ana S. L. Rodrigues, Wes Sechrest, Ali Stattersfield, Wendy Strahm & Simon N. Stuart (2004). Coverage Provided by the Global Protected-Area System: Is It Enough? BioScience 54 (12):1081-1091.
    Protected-area targets of 10% of a biome, of a country, or of the planet have often been used in conservation planning. The new World Database on Protected Areas shows that terrestrial protected-area coverage now approaches 12% worldwide. Does this mean that the establishment of new protected areas can cease? This was the core question of the "Building Comprehensive Protected Area Systems" stream of the Fifth World Parks Congress in Durban, South Africa, in 2003. To answer it requires global gap analysis, (...)
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  7.  77
    David Boucher (1990). Reviews : Anthony Wright, R.H. Tawney (Manchester University Press, 1987). Thesis Eleven 26 (1):178-183.
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  8.  1
    Yan Boucher & Eric Bapteste (2009). Revisiting the Concept of Lineage in Prokaryotes: A Phylogenetic Perspective. Bioessays 31 (5):526-536.
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  9.  15
    Joanne Boucher (2004). Ultrasound: A Window to the Womb?: Obstetric Ultrasound and the Abortion Rights Debate. Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (1):7-19.
    This paper explores the rhetoric of obstetric ultrasound technology as it relates to the abortion debate, specifically the interpretation given to ultrasound images by opponents of abortion. The tenor of the anti-abortion approach is precisely captured in the videotape, Ultrasound:A Window to the Womb. Aspects of this videotape are analyzed in order to tease out the assumptions about the (female) body and about the access to truth yielded by scientific technology (ultrasound) held by militant opponents of abortion. It is argued (...)
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  10. Andrew Boucher, A Note On the Berry Paradox.
    For those who have understood the solution to the Liarʼs Paradox and the Paradoxes of Predication, presented in A Comprehensive Solution to the Paradoxes and The Solution to the Liarʼs Paradox1, it will come as no surprise how the Berry Paradox should be solved. Nonetheless, the solution will be presented here in a short note, for completenessʼ sake.
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  11.  38
    Geoff Boucher (2011). The Politics of Aesthetic Affect - a Reconstruction of Habermas' Art Theory. Parrhesia 13:62-78.
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  12. Andrew Boucher, Comments on Naming and Necessity.
    I recently had the occasion to reread Naming and Necessity by Saul Kripke. NaN struck me this time, as it always has, as breathtakingly clear and lucid. It also struck me this time, as it always has, as wrong-headed in several major ways, both in its methodology and its content. Herein is a brief explanation why.
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  13. Andrew Boucher, A Natural First-Order System of Arithmetic Which Proves Its Own Consistency.
    Herein is presented a natural first-order arithmetic system which can prove its own consistency, both in the weaker Godelian sense using traditional Godel numbering and, more importantly, in a more robust and direct sense; yet it is strong enough to prove many arithmetic theorems, including the Euclidean Algorithm, Quadratic Reciprocity, and Bertrand’s Postulate.
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  14. Andrew Boucher, A Theory of Meaning.
    What an individual means by a word sometimes, if not always, is dependent on the individual, on what he believes, and on his memories; and so on what kind of life he has lived and what kind of experiences he has had, the manner in which he learned the word, and so forth. For instance, someone who lives in a hot climate will surely mean the word ʻcoldʼ in a different way than someone who comes from a cold one. Indeed (...)
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  15. Andrew Boucher, Three Theorems of Godel.
    It might seem that three of Godel’s results - the Completeness and the First and Second Incompleteness Theorems - assume so little that they are reasonably indisputable. A version of the Completeness Theorem, for instance, can be proven in RCA0, which is the weakest system studied extensively in Simpson’s encyclopaedic Subsystems of Second Order Arithmetic. And it often seems that the minimum requirements for a system just to express the Incompleteness Theorems are sufficient to prove them. However, it will be (...)
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  16. Andrew Boucher, Who Needs (to Assume) Hume's Principle? July 2006.
    In the Foundations of Arithmetic, Frege famously developed a theory which today goes by the name of logicism - that it is possible to prove the truths of arithmetic using only logical principles and definitions. Logicism fell out of favor for various reasons, most spectacular of which was that the system, which Frege thought would definitively prove his thesis, turned out to be inconsistent. In the early 1980s a movement called neo-logicism was begun by Crispin Wright. Neo-logicism holds that Frege (...)
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  17. Andrew Boucher, The Solution to the Liar's Paradox.
    A solution to the Liar must do two things. First, it should say exactly which step in the Liar reasoning - the reasoning which leads to a contradiction - is invalid. Secondly, it should explains why this step is invalid.
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  18. Andrew Boucher, On Descriptive Ethics.
    In its descriptive sense ethical language allows one to make assertions, which like other assertions may be true or not. “One should not torture,” descriptively, makes an assertion about torture - that it is an act that one should not do. While the peculiar force of ethical language comes from its overloading of different types of uses - descriptive, imperative, and emotive -, our concern here will be with the descriptive. Many of our assertions will focus on the English word (...)
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  19.  56
    Chris Jarrold, Peter Carruthers, Jill Boucher & Peter K. Smith (1994). Pretend Play. Mind and Language 9 (4):445-468.
    Children’s ability to pretend, and the apparent lack of pretence in children with autism, have become important issues in current research on ‘theory of mind’, on the assumption that pretend play may be an early indicator of metarepresentational abilities.
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  20.  12
    François Boucher & Cécile Laborde (forthcoming). Why Tolerate Conscience? Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-21.
    In Why Tolerate Religion?, Brian Leiter argues against the special legal status of religion, claiming that religion should not be the only ground for exemptions to the law and that this form of protection should be, in principle, available for the claims of secular conscience as well. However, in the last chapter of his book, he objects to a universal regime of exemptions for both religious and secular claims of conscience, highlighting the practical and moral flaws associated with it. We (...)
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  21.  6
    Pol Boucher (2008). Leibniz: What Kind of Legal Rationalism? In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer 231--249.
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  22.  52
    D. Boucher (2012). The Just War Tradition and its Modern Legacy: Jus Ad Bellum and Jus in Bello. European Journal of Political Theory 11 (2):92-111.
    The relationship between jus ad bellum and jus in bello has been characterized differently throughout European history. There have been three main positions exemplified by Hugo Grotius, Samuel von Pufendorf and Emer de Vattel. They are, first, both the cause and the conduct of warfare must be just; second, the cause must be just, but the conduct of the war is unconstrained in order to achieve the goal of peace; and, third, we must assume justice on both sides, and concentrate (...)
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  23. Andrew Boucher, Proving Bertrand's Postulate.
    Bertand's Postulate is proved in Peano Arithmetic minus the Successor Axiom.
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  24.  29
    Sandy C. Boucher (2014). What is a Philosophical Stance? Paradigms, Policies and Perspectives. Synthese 191 (10):2315-2332.
    Since van Fraassen first put forward the suggestive idea that many philosophical positions should be construed as ‘stances’ rather than factual beliefs, there have been various attempts to spell out precisely what a philosophical stance might be, and on what basis one should be adopted. In this paper I defend a particular account of stances, the view that they are pragmatically justified perspectives or ways of seeing the world, and compare it to some other accounts that have been offered. In (...)
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  25. Andrew Boucher, General Arithmetic.
    General Arithmetic is the theory consisting of induction on a successor function. Normal arithmetic, say in the system called Peano Arithmetic, makes certain additional demands on the successor function. First, that it be total. Secondly, that it be one-to-one. And thirdly, that there be a first element which is not in its image. General Arithmetic abandons all of these further assumptions, yet is still able to prove many meaningful arithmetic truths, such as, most basically, Commutativity and Associativity of Addition and (...)
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  26. Andrew Boucher, "True" Arithmetic Can Prove its Own Consistency.
    Using an axiomatization of second-order arithmetic (essentially second-order Peano Arithmetic without the Successor Axiom), arithmetic's basic operations are defined and its fundamental laws, up to unique prime factorization, are proven. Two manners of expressing a system's consistency are presented - the "Godel" consistency, where a wff is represented by a natural number, and the "real" consistency, where a wff is represented as a second-order sequence, which is a stronger notion. It is shown that the system can prove at least its (...)
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  27.  1
    Craig R. Smith, Melanie C. Austen, Guy Boucher, Carlo Heip, Patricia A. Hutchings, Gary M. King, Isao Koike, P. John D. Lambshead & Paul Snelgrove (2000). Global Change and Biodiversity Linkages Across the Sediment–Water Interface. BioScience 50 (12):1108.
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  28.  19
    P. Carruthers & J. Boucher (eds.) (1998). Language and Thought. Cambridge University Press.
    This distinguished collection of essays explores the place of natural language in human cognition.
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  29.  77
    Andrew Boucher, Sub-Theory of Peano Arithmetic.
    The system called F is essentially a sub-theory of Frege Arithmetic without the ad infinitum assumption that there is always a next number. In a series of papers (Systems for a Foundation of Arithmetic, True” Arithmetic Can Prove Its Own Consistency and Proving Quadratic Reciprocity) it was shown that F proves a large number of basic arithmetic truths, such as the Euclidean Algorithm, Unique Prime Factorization (i.e. the Fundamental Law of Arithmetic), and Quadratic Reciprocity, indeed a sizable amount of arithmetic. (...)
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  30. Andrew Boucher, Systems for a Foundation of Arithmetic.
    A new second-order axiomatization of arithmetic, with Frege's definition of successor replaced, is presented and compared to other systems in the field of Frege Arithmetic. The key in proving the Peano Axioms turns out to be a proposition about infinity, which a reduced subset of the axioms proves.
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  31. Andrew Boucher, Introduction.
    The Successor Axiom asserts that every number has a successor, or in other words, that the number series goes on and on ad infinitum. The present work investigates a particular subsystem of Frege Arithmetic, called F, which turns out to be equivalent to second-order Peano Arithmetic minus the Successor Axiom, and shows how this system can develop arithmetic up through Gauss' Quadratic Reciprocity Law. It then goes on to represent questions of provability in F, and shows that F can prove (...)
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  32.  14
    Sandy C. Boucher (2015). Functionalism and Structuralism as Philosophical Stances: Van Fraassen Meets the Philosophy of Biology. Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):383-403.
    I consider the broad perspectives in biology known as ‘functionalism’ and ‘structuralism’, as well as a modern version of functionalism, ‘adaptationism’. I do not take a position on which of these perspectives is preferable; my concern is with the prior question, how should they be understood? Adapting van Fraassen’s argument for treating materialism as a stance, rather than a factual belief with propositional content, in the first part of the paper I offer an argument for construing functionalism and structuralism as (...)
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  33.  0
    Michael Saginur, Ian D. Graham, Alan J. Forster, Michel Boucher & George A. Wells (2008). The Uptake of Technologies Designed to Influence Medication Safety in Canadian Hospitals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):27-35.
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  34.  7
    Philip Boucher (forthcoming). Domesticating the Drone: The Demilitarisation of Unmanned Aircraft for Civil Markets. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    Remotely piloted aviation systems (RPAS) or ‘drones’ are well known for their military applications, but could also be used for a range of non-military applications for state, industrial, commercial and recreational purposes. The technology is advanced and regulatory changes are underway which will allow their use in domestic airspace. As well as the functional and economic benefits of a strong civil RPAS sector, the potential benefits for the military RPAS sector are also widely recognised. Several actors have nurtured this dual-use (...)
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  35.  37
    David Boucher (1997). The Significance of R. G. Collingwood's Principles of History. Journal of the History of Ideas 58 (2):309-330.
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  36.  82
    Andrew Boucher, A Comprehensive Solution to the Paradoxes.
    A solution to the paradoxes has two sides: the philosophical and the technical. The paradoxes are, first and foremost, a philosophical problem. A philosophical solution must pinpoint the exact step where the reasoning that leads to contradiction is fallacious, and then explain why it is so.
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  37.  2
    Jill Boucher (1996). 14 What Could Possibly Explain Autism? In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press 223.
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  38.  1
    Alexis Lafleur & Victor J. Boucher (2015). The Ecology of Self-Monitoring Effects on Memory of Verbal Productions: Does Speaking to Someone Make a Difference? Consciousness and Cognition 36:139-146.
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  39.  1
    David Boucher (2014). Les nouvelles technologies de surveillance et de contrôle : un défi éthique. Éthique Publique 16 (2).
    La surveillance de masse peut être considérée comme un trait caractéristique des sociétés modernes. Son importance n’a d’égal que les moyens mis en place pour recueillir et amasser des renseignements. Parmi ces moyens, les nouvelles technologies de surveillance et de contrôle et surtout les manières de les déployer soulèvent un certain nombre d’enjeux éthiques qui, en avril 2008, ont fait l’objet d’un avis de la Commission de l’éthique de la science et de la technologie : Viser un juste équilibre : (...)
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  40.  64
    Andrew Boucher, Depression in a One-Good Barter Economy.
    Consider a one-good economy where money is not used and only barter holds. As is traditional, the unique good can be exchanged for labor, which itself is used to produce the good; and there are capitalists, who own the means of production, who contract for the labor and keep whatever of the good is left from production after paying the workers. The only unusual feature of the economy is that the various economic agents can also make promises of future delivery (...)
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  41.  5
    David Boucher (2000). [Book Review] Political Theories of International Relations, From Thucydides to the Present. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 14:182-186.
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  42.  1
    David Boucher & Andrew Vincent (2000). British Idealism and Political Theory. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  43. Wayne I. Boucher (1999). Spinoza: Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century Discussions, 6 Vols. Thoemmes Press.
    "monumental work" - The North American Spinoza Society Newsletter , February 1999 "The sheer volume of this anthology makes it an indispensable asset to any serious scholar of Spinozism. Certainly no academic library can do without it. The quality of the material gathered here is extremely impressive. To the professional scholar of early modern philosophy many of the criticisms it contains may well look superficial and outworn, but even the best-informed experts will find much in it that will surprise and (...)
     
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  44.  11
    Geoff Boucher (2006). The Politics of Performativity: A Critique of Judith Butler. Parrhesia 1:112-141.
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  45.  52
    Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.) (1998). Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge University Press.
    What is the place of language in human cognition? Do we sometimes think in natural language? Or is language for purposes of interpersonal communication only? Although these questions have been much debated in the past, they have almost dropped from sight in recent decades amongst those interested in the cognitive sciences. Language and Thought is intended to persuade such people to think again. It brings together essays by a distinguished interdisciplinary team of philosophers and psychologists, who discuss various ways in (...)
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  46. David Boucher (1997). The British Idealists. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  47.  12
    David Boucher (1986). W. H. Greenleaf, Idealism and the Triadic Conception of the History of Political Thought. Idealistic Studies 16 (3):237-252.
  48.  57
    Andrew Boucher (1997). Parallel Machines. Minds and Machines 7 (4):543-551.
    Because it is time-dependent, parallel computation is fundamentally different from sequential computation. Parallel programs are non-deterministic and are not effective procedures. Given the brain operates in parallel, this casts doubt on AI's attempt to make sequential computers intelligent.
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  49.  3
    William J. Mitsch, Xinyuan Wu, Robert W. Nairn, Paul E. Weihe, Naiming Wang, Robert Deal & Charles E. Boucher (1998). Creating and Restoring Wetlands. BioScience 48 (12):1019-1030.
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  50. David Boucher, James Connelly, Tariq Modood & R. G. Collingwood Society (1995). Philosophy, History and Civilization Interdisciplinary Perspectives on R.G. Collingwood. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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