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Profile: Alex Byrne (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Profile: Patrick Byrne (Montclair State University)
Profile: Darragh Byrne (University of Birmingham)
Profile: Christopher Byrne (St. Francis Xavier University)
Profile: Adriana Byrne (University of British Columbia)
Profile: Aōdhan Byrne (University of Stirling)
Profile: Amy Byrne (Indiana University of Pennsylvania)
Profile: D.N. Byrne
Profile: Thomas Byrne (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Profile: Brittany Byrne (Appalachian State University)
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  1. Alex Byrne, Knowing Right and Wrong: Is Morality a Natural Phenomenon?
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  2. Alex Byrne, McDowell and Wright on Anti-Scepticism Etc..
    On the assumption that we may learn from our elders and betters, this paper approaches some fundamental questions in perceptual epistemology through a dispute between McDowell and Wright about external world scepticism. As explained in section 2, the dispute turns on what McDowell means by claiming that we have “direct perceptual access to environmental facts”. On the interpretation offered in section 3 (and further elaborated in section 7), if we do have “direct perceptual access” then the relevant sceptical argument—in each (...)
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  3. Alex Byrne, Knowing What I Want.
    Vendler, Res Cogitans Knowing that one wants to go to the movies is an example of self-knowledge, knowledge of one’s mental states. It may be foolish to ask the man on the Clapham Omnibus how he knows what he wants, but the question is nonetheless important — albeit neglected by epistemologists. This paper attempts an answer. Before getting to that, the familiar claim that we enjoy “privileged access” to our mental states needs untwining (section 1). A sketch of a theory (...)
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  4. Alex Byrne & David R. Hilbert, Urban Light and Color.
    In Colour for Architecture, published in 1976, the editors, Tom Porter and Byron Mikellides, explain that their book was “produced out of an awareness that colour, as a basic and vital force, is lacking from the built environment and that our knowledge of it is isolated and limited.”1 Lack of urban color was then especially salient in Britain—where the book was published—which had just begun to recoil at the Brutalist legacy of angular stained gray concrete strewn across the postwar landscape. (...)
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  5. Alex Byrne, Authors' Response Continuing Commentary on Color Realism and Color Science ".
    Our reply is in four parts. The first part addresses objections to our claim that there might be "unknowable" color facts. The second part discusses the use we make of opponent process theory. The third part examines the question of whether colors are causes. The fourth part takes up some issues concerning the content of visual experience. Our target article had three aims: (a) to explain clearly the structure of the debate about color realism; (b) to introduce an interdisciplinary audience (...)
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  6. Alex Byrne, Boston Review.
    There’s also plenty of controversy about moral law. Should we give much more to charity than we actually do? Is torture permissible under extreme circumstances? Is eating meat wrong? Could it ever be permissible to kill one innocent person in order to save five? But, again we know a lot. Throwing good taste out with the bathwater for the sake of a clear example, everyone knows that boiling babies for fun is wrong. Boiling lobsters is a matter that reasonable people (...)
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  7. Alex Byrne, Colour Vision, Philosophical Issues About.
    The primary issues concern whether objects have colours, and what sorts of properties the colours are. Some philosophers hold that nothing is coloured, others that colour are powers to affect perceivers, and others that colours are physical properties.
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  8. Alex Byrne, Do Colours Look Like Dispositions? A Reply to Langsam Et Al.
    Dispositionalism says that the colours are dispositions to produce certain sorts of experiences in perceivers—that colours are secondary qualities, on one use of that term. Recently dispositionalism has been under attack on the ground that “colours do not look like dispositions” (Dancy 1986, Boghossian and Velleman 1989, McGinn 1996; see also McGinn 1983, 132-6, and Johnston 19921). In response, Langsam has argued that, on the contrary, “colours d o look like dispositions” (2000, 74).2 This note makes three claims. First, neither (...)
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  9. Alex Byrne, Gert on the Shifted Spectrum.
    As Gert says, the basic claim of representationism is that the phenomenal character of an experience supervenes on its representational content. Restricted to color experience, representationism may be put as follows.
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  10. Alex Byrne, Necessary Truths.
    analytic tradition, from its early 20th-century roots in the work of G.E. Moore and Bertrand Russell through Saul Kripke’s pioneering advances in..
     
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  11. Alex Byrne, Private Language Problem [Addendum].
    Although the proper formulation and assessment of Ludwig Wittgenstein's argument (or arguments) against the possibility of a private language continues to be disputed, the issue has lost none of its urgency. At stake is a broadly Cartesian conception of experiences that is found today in much philosophy of mind.
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  12. Darragh Byrne, The Contents of Phenomenal Concepts.
    1 I shall mainly concentrate on Loar (1997, 1999), Tye (1999), Papineau (1998, 2002), Levine (1998, 2001) and Chalmers (2003). Only the first three of these authors endorse the claim that the proposal supports materialism. Levine.
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  13. Alex Byrne (forthcoming). Intentionality. In J. Pfeifer & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia. Routledge.
    Some things are _about_, or are _directed on_ , or _represent_, other things. For example, the sentence 'Cats are animals' is about cats (and about animals), this article is about intentionality, Emanuel Leutze's most famous painting is about Washington's crossing of the Delaware, lanterns hung in Boston's North Church were about the British, and a map of Boston is about Boston. In contrast, '#a$b', a blank slate, and the city of Boston are not about anything. Many mental states and events (...)
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  14. Christopher Byrne (forthcoming). Compositional & Functional Matter: Aristotle on the Material Cause of Biological Organisms. Apeiron:1-20.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  15. Darragh Byrne (forthcoming). Three Notions of Tacit Knowledge. Agora.
     
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  16. E. Byrne (forthcoming). The Medical Determination of Brain Death. Proceedings of the 1984 Conference on Bioethics, Melbourne.
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  17. Edmund F. Byrne (forthcoming). In Lieu of a Sovereignty Shield, Multinational Corporations Should Be Responsible for the Harm They Cause. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  18. Aamir Chughtai, Marann Byrne & Barbara Flood (forthcoming). Linking Ethical Leadership to Employee Well-Being: The Role of Trust in Supervisor. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  19. Tedla Desta, Mike Fitzgibbon & Noreen Byrne (forthcoming). Exploring the Role of Citizen Journalism in Slum Improvement: The Case of 'Voice of Kibera'. AI and Society:1-6.
    This paper explores the role of citizen journalism in the improvement of slums through the Voice of Kibera (VoK) case study. To meet the research objectives, both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The study used content analysis, a survey and interview techniques. It concluded that citizen journalism in the VoK uses a participatory, bottom-up approach, with the residents taking a lead role in the production and consumption of news, and that it plays its part in improving the lives of (...)
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  20. Alyson Byrne, Julian Barling & Kathryne E. Dupré (2014). Leader Apologies and Employee and Leader Well-Being. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):91-106.
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  21. Cathy Byrne (2014). Religion in Secular Education: What, in Heaven's Name, Are We Teaching Our Children? Brill.
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  22. Edmund F. Byrne (2014). Towards Enforceable Bans on Illicit Businesses: From Moral Relativism to Human Rights. Journal of Business Ethics 119 (1):119-130.
    Many scholars and activists favor banning illicit businesses, especially given that such businesses constitute a large part of the global economy. But these businesses are commonly operated as if they are subject only to the ethical norms their management chooses to recognize, and as a result they sometimes harm innocent people. This can happen in part because there are no effective legal constraints on illicit businesses, and in part because it seems theoretically impossible to dispose definitively of arguments that support (...)
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  23. Eoin Gubbins & Ruth M. J. Byrne (2014). Dual Processes of Emotion and Reason in Judgments About Moral Dilemmas. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):245-268.
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  24. Darrell A. Worthy, Kaileigh A. Byrne & Sherecce Fields (2014). Effects of Emotion on Prospection During Decision-Making. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  25. Alex Byrne (2013). Perception and Evidence. Philosophical Studies 170 (1):1-13.
    Perception is a source of knowledge: by looking at a white cup on a desk, one can come to know that there is a white cup on a desk. Schellenberg’s character Percy is in such an agreeable situation, the “good case”. Her hapless Hallie, on the other hand, is in the “bad case”: she is hallucinating a white cup on a desk. (For maximum contrast we may take Hallie to be a lifelong victim of hallucination, waiving the usual externalist worries (...)
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  26. D. N. Byrne (2013). After Tocqueville – the Curious Adventures of Bernard-Henri Lévy and Don Watson. [REVIEW] Australian Review of Public Affairs - Drawing Board.
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  27. D. N. Byrne (2013). Book Review: Herder’s Political Thought: A Study of Language, Culture and Community. [REVIEW] Political Science 65 (1):126.
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  28. Denis Byrne (2013). Days in Hong-Kong, May 2011. In Alfredo González Ruibal (ed.), Reclaiming Archaeology: Beyond the Tropes of Modernity. Routledge. 258.
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  29. Gavin Byrne (2013). An Argument for an End to the 'Critical'/'Analytical' Divide. Jurisprudence 4 (2):204-234.
    The perceived split between 'analytical' and 'critical' traditions in mainstream philosophy is deeply outmoded and no longer relevant. In legal philosophy it persists. This article argues for an end to any treatment of one or other tradition as radically 'other'. It traces the division to a misunderstanding of the philosophy of Martin Heidegger and its repercussions for normative legal theory. It demonstrates that a truly Heideggerian account of adjudication leads to similar normative conclusions to those of Ronald Dworkin. It further (...)
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  30. Iean Marie Byrne (2013). Breath of Awakening: Nonduality, Breathing and Sexual Difference. In Lenart Škof (ed.), Breathing with Luce Irigaray. Bloomsbury.
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  31. Patrick H. Byrne (2013). Spirit of Wonder, Spirit of Love: Reflections on the Work of Bernard Lonergan. Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 1 (2):67-84.
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  32. Peter Byrne (2013). Natural Religion and the Nature of Religion: The Legacy of Deism. Routledge.
    This study offers students of religion and philosophy introductory chapters concerning the concept of natural religion. It holds that we can’t engage in useful discussion about the present concept of religion without a knowledge of the philosophical history that has shaped that concept. This is discussed with reference to the notion of natural religion to illustrate certain aspects of deism and its legacy. Originally published in 1989.
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  33. Darrell A. Worthy, Bo Pang & Kaileigh A. Byrne (2013). Decomposing the Roles of Perseveration and Expected Value Representation in Models of the Iowa Gambling Task. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    Models of human behavior in the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) have played a pivotal role in accounting for behavioral differences during decision-making. One critical difference between models that have been used to account for behavior in the IGT is the inclusion or exclusion of the assumption that participants tend to persevere, or stay with the same option over consecutive trials. Models that allow for this assumption include win-stay-lose-shift (WSLS) models and reinforcement learning (RL) models that include a decay learning rule (...)
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  34. Kawser Ahmed, Sean Byrne, Peter Karari, Olga Skarlato & Julie Hyde (2012). Civil Society/NGO Leaders Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the IFI and the EU Peace III Fund in Promoting Equality, Equity, Social Justice and the Fulfillment of Basic Human Needs in (L') Derry and the Border Area. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 22 (2):73-99.
    External economic aid has played an important role in Northern Ireland’s peacebuilding process, particularly by funding community-based intervention projects.As a consequence of the Troubles, Northern Ireland suffered from severe socioeconomic inequality. These locally funded projects have fostered social cohesion by encouraging cross community interaction aimed at reducing violence and sectarianism. The NGO projects also promote social justice, reduce inequality, and provide the means to meet people’s basic human needs. The field research for this article was conducted during the summer of (...)
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  35. Alex Byrne (2012). Hmm… Hill on the Paradox of Pain. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 161 (3):489-496.
    Hmm… Hill on the paradox of pain Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-8 DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9811-5 Authors Alex Byrne, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT, 32-d808, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA Journal Philosophical Studies Online ISSN 1573-0883 Print ISSN 0031-8116.
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  36. Alex Byrne (2012). Knowing What I See. In Declan Smithies & Daniel Stoljar (eds.), Introspection and Consciousness. Oxford University Press. 183.
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  37. David Byrne (2012). How Music Works. Canongate.
     
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  38. David Byrne & Emma Uprichard (2012). Useful Causal Complexity. In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press.
  39. David Byrne & Emma Uprichard (2012). Useful Complex Causality. In Harold Kincaid (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press. 109.
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  40. Edmund F. Byrne (2012). Appropriating Resources: Land Claims, Law, and Illicit Business. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 106 (4):453-466.
    Business ethicists should examine ethical issues that impinge on the perimeters of their specialized studies (Byrne 2011 ). This article addresses one peripheral issue that cries out for such consideration: the international resource privilege (IRP). After explaining briefly what the IRP involves I argue that it is unethical and should not be supported in international law. My argument is based on others’ findings as to the consequences of current IRP transactions and of their ethically indefensible historical precedents. In particular I (...)
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  41. P. H. Byrne (2012). In Memory of Joseph Flanagan, SJ. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (7):661-663.
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  42. C. C. Heuser, A. G. Eller & J. L. Byrne (2012). Survey of Physicians' Approach to Severe Fetal Anomalies. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):391-395.
    Objective Standards of care regarding obstetric management of life-threatening anomalies are not defined. It is hypothesised that physicians' management of these pregnancies is variable and influenced by demographic factors. Design A questionnaire was mailed to members of the Society of Maternal–Fetal Medicine with valid US addresses assessing obstetric management of both ‘uniformly lethal’ (eg, anencephaly, renal agenesis) and ‘uniformly severe, commonly lethal’ (eg, trisomy 13 and 18) anomalies. Respondents were asked to answer as if not limited by state/institutional restrictions. Fisher's (...)
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  43. A. Byrne (2011). Seeing, Doing, and Knowing: A Philosophical Theory of Sense Perception, by Mohan Matthen. Mind 119 (476):1206-1210.
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  44. Alex Byrne (2011). Review Essay of Dorit Bar-On's "Speaking My Mind". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (3):705 - 717.
    “Avowals” are utterances that “ascribe [current] states of mind”; for instance utterances of ‘I have a terrible headache’ and ‘I’m finding this painting utterly puzzling’ (Bar-On 2004: 1). And avowals, “when compared to ordinary empirical reports…appear to enjoy distinctive security” (1), which Bar-On elaborates as follows: A subject who avows being tired, or scared of something, or thinking that p, is normally presumed to have the last word on the relevant matters; we would not presume to criticize her self-ascription or (...)
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  45. Alex Byrne (2011). Sensory Qualities, Sensible Qualities, Sensational Qualities. In Brian McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oup Oxford.
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  46. Alex Byrne (2011). Transparency, Belief, Intention. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):201-221.
    This paper elaborates and defends a familiar ‘transparent’ account of knowledge of one's own beliefs, inspired by some remarks of Gareth Evans, and makes a case that the account can be extended to mental states in general, in particular to knowledge of one's intentions.
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  47. Alex Byrne & David R. Hilbert (2011). Are Colors Secondary Qualities? In Lawrence Nolan (ed.), Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate. Oxford University Press.
     
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  48. David Byrne (2011). Exploring Organizational Effectiveness: The Value of Complex Realism as a Frame of Reference and Systematic Comparison as a Method. In Peter Allen, Steve Maguire & Bill McKelvey (eds.), The Sage Handbook of Complexity and Management. Sage. 131--141.
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  49. Edmund F. Byrne (2011). Business Ethics Should Study Illicit Businesses: To Advance Respect for Human Rights. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):497-509.
    Business ethics should include illicit businesses as targets of investigation. For, though such businesses violate human rights they have been largely ignored by business ethicists. It is time to surmount this indifference in view of recent international efforts to define illicit businesses for regulatory purposes. Standing in the way, however, is a meta-ethical question as to whether any business can be declared unqualifiedly immoral. In support of an affirmative answer I address a number of counter-indications by comparing approaches to organized (...)
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