Search results for 'LATE-PHASE' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas C. Jones (2005). A Call to Restructure the Drug Development Process: Government Over-Regulation and Non-Innovative Late Stage (Phase III) Clinical Trials Are Major Obstacles to Advances in Health Care. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):575-587.score: 138.0
    The history of drug/vaccine development has included major advances guided primarily by risk/benefit analyses concerning the innovative agent, not by evidence-based clinical trials (Phase I–IV). Because the approval for new drugs is hindered under the present process, the system requires restructuring. The Phase I/II study period should be more flexible, using the “environment of knowledge” about the new agent, plus risk/benefit assessments. Phase III, as presently constructed, does not add new adverse events data, it provides a narrower profile of drug (...)
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  2. Arnim von Stechow, Times as Degrees: Früh(Er) 'Early(Er)' , Spät(Er) 'Late(R)', and Phase Adverbs.score: 120.0
    There is a rich literature about the temporal conjunctions before/after, but at the time I gave the talk that underlies this paper I was not aware of any analysis of the temporal comparatives früher/später ‘earlier/later’, which may be used to express similar states of affairs, but are constructed differently.2 Recently I got acquainted with the del Prete’s thesis about It. prima/dopo, which analyses prima as a comparative and dopo as a preposition.3 This is the only paper known to me that (...)
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  3. John Bickle (2006). Reducing Mind to Molecular Pathways: Explicating the Reductionism Implicit in Current Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience. [REVIEW] Synthese 151 (3):411-434.score: 60.0
    As opposed to the dismissive attitude toward reductionism that is popular in current philosophy of mind, a “ruthless reductionism” is alive and thriving in “molecular and cellular cognition”—a field of research within cellular and molecular neuroscience, the current mainstream of the discipline. Basic experimental practices and emerging results from this field imply that two common assertions by philosophers and cognitive scientists are false: (1) that we do not know much about how the brain works, and (2) that lower-level neuroscience cannot (...)
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  4. Jody Stanley, Jason Forte, Patrick Cavanagh & Olivia Carter (2011). Onset Rivalry: The Initial Dominance Phase is Independent of Ongoing Perceptual Alternations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 56.0
    Binocular rivalry has been used to study a wide range of visual processes, from the integration of low-level features to the selection of signals that reach awareness. However, many of these studies do not distinguish between early and late phases of rivalry. There is clear evidence that the ‘onset’ stage of rivalry is characterized by stable, yet idiosyncratic biases that are independent of the subsequent alternations and perceptual biases experienced during sustained rivalry. Low-level stimulus features have robust effects in the (...)
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  5. James Lindesay (2007). Consequences of a Cosmological Phase Transition at the TeV Scale. Foundations of Physics 37 (4-5):491-531.score: 54.0
    A finite vacuum energy density implies the existence of a UV scale for gravitational modes. This gives a phenomenological scale to the dynamical equations governing the cosmological expansion that must satisfy constraints consistent with quantum measurability and spatial flatness. Examination of these constraints for the observed dark energy density establishes a time interval from the transition to the present, suggesting major modifications from the thermal equations of state far from Planck density scales. The assumption that a phase transition initiates the (...)
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  6. Michael N. Marsh (2010). Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality? OUP Oxford.score: 30.0
    Personalised accounts of out-of-body (OBE) and near-death (NDE) experiences are frequently interpreted as offering evidence for immortality and an afterlife. Since most OBE/NDE follow severe curtailments of cerebral circulation with loss of consciousness, the agonal brain supposedly permits 'mind', 'soul' or 'consciousness' to escape neural control and provide glimpses of the afterlife. -/- Michael Marsh critically analyses the work of five key writers who support this so-called "dying brain" hypothesis. He firmly disagrees with such otherworldly 'mystical' or 'psychical' interpretations, ably (...)
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  7. Celia E. Schultz (2008). Wildfang (R.L.) Rome's Vestal Virgins. A Study of Rome's Vestal Priestesses in the Late Republic and Early Empire. Pp. Xiv + 158, Ills. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. Paper, £19.99, US$35.95 (Cased, £60, US$110). ISBN: 0-415-39796-0 (0-415-39795-2 Hbk). Martini (M.C.) Le Vestali. Un Sacerdozio Funzionale Al 'Cosmo' Romano. (Collection Latomus 282.) Pp. 264. Brussels: Éditions Latomus, 2004. Paper, €38. ISBN: 2-87031-223-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 58 (01).score: 30.0
    The Vestal Virgins are one of the most famous elements of Roman religion, yet despite their perennial appeal and the importance of some smaller scale studies of the priesthood, the priestesses have not received a monograph-length study since F. Giuzzi, Aspetti giuridici del sacerdozio romano. II sacerdozio di Vesta (Naples, 1968). Now we have books by R.L. Wildfang and M.C. Martini that could not be more different. The former offers a thorough survey of what the sources can tell us about (...)
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  8. Shirin Karsan (2010). Early Education is De Rigueur in Planning Late-Life Pregnancies. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 15 (2):60-67.score: 30.0
    The concept of “Time” seems to play out differently at various phases of our lives: In our teens and twenties, we experience the luxury of youth; we may feel invincible or even indomitable. Generally, we feel our whole lives are ahead of us, and we “take” time to enjoy, explore and experience our world. Concurrently, our physiology also goes through the phases of childhood, adolescence, puberty and into adulthood, or the “reproductive years”; and ultimately (for women) through menopause and “ageing”, (...)
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  9. Gerhard Spört & Roger de Week (1986). A Conversation Between Joschka Fischer and Andre Glucksmann on the French and German Left. Telos 1986 (67):206-217.score: 30.0
    Question: Where, when and under what circumstances did the two of you get to know each other?Fischer: It was in the early seventies, in Frankfurt, after the dissolution of the gauche proletarienne and while there were still leftist groups in Germany. It must have been 1972. Question: Was that a private visit?Glucksmann: We had private discussions. We also participated in rallies and demonstrations.Question: That was in the late phase of the student movement.Fischer: We kept in contact through my old room-mate, (...)
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  10. Fadila Hadj-Bouziane, Isabelle Benatru, Andrea Brovelli, Hélène Klinger, Stéphane Thobois, Emmanuel Broussolle, Driss Boussaoud & Martine Meunier (2012). Advanced Parkinson's Disease Effect on Goal-Directed and Habitual Processes Involved in Visuomotor Associative Learning. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    The present behavioral study readdresses the question of habit learning in Parkinson's disease. Patients were early onset, non-demented, dopa-responsive, candidates for surgical treatment, similar to those we found earlier as suffering greater dopamine depletion in the putamen than in the caudate nucleus. The task was the same conditional associative learning task as that used previously in monkeys and healthy humans to unveil the striatum involvement in habit learning. Sixteen patients and 20 age- and education-matched healthy control subjects learned sets of (...)
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  11. Orly Shapira-Lishchinsky & Shmuel Even-Zohar (2011). Withdrawal Behaviors Syndrome: An Ethical Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (3):429-451.score: 28.0
    This study aimed to elucidate the withdrawal behaviors syndrome (lateness, absence, and intent to leave work) among nurses by examining interrelations between these behaviors and the mediating effect of organizational commitment upon ethical perceptions (caring climate, formal climate, and distributive justice) and withdrawal behaviors. Two-hundred and one nurses from one hospital in northern Israel participated. Data collection was based on questionnaires and hospital records using a two-phase design. The analyses are based on Hierarchical Multiple Regressions and on Structural Equation Modeling (...)
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  12. Paul Redding (2010). The Possibility of German Idealism After Analytic Philosophy : McDowell, Brandom and Beyond. In James Williams (ed.), Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum.score: 24.0
    The late Richard Rorty was no stranger to provocation, and many an analytic philosopher would surely count as extremely provocative comments he had made on Robert Brandom’s highly regarded book from 1994, Making It Explicit.1 Brandom’s book was, Rorty asserted “an attempt to usher analytic philosophy from its Kantian to its Hegelian stage.”2 The reception of Kant within analytic philosophy has surely been, at best, patchy, but if it is difficult to imagine exactly what Rorty could have had in mind (...)
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  13. Timothy H. Boyer (2008). Comment on Experiments Related to the Aharonov–Bohm Phase Shift. Foundations of Physics 38 (6):498-505.score: 24.0
    Recent experiments undertaken by Caprez, Barwick, and Batelaan should clarify the connections between classical and quantum theories in connection with the Aharonov–Bohm phase shift. It is pointed out that resistive aspects for the solenoid current carriers play a role in the classical but not the quantum analysis for the phase shift. The observed absence of a classical lag effect for a macroscopic solenoid does not yet rule out the possibility of a lag explanation of the observed phase shift for a (...)
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  14. G. Matteucci, D. Iencinella & C. Beeli (2003). The Aharonov–Bohm Phase Shift and Boyer's Critical Considerations: New Experimental Result but Still an Open Subject? Foundations of Physics 33 (4):577-590.score: 24.0
    The main experiments concerning the Aharonov–Bohm phase shifts, seen in an electron interference pattern, and their Boyer semiclassical explanations are reviewed. A new experiment is also presented which emphasizes the subtleties involved in the interpretations of the magnetic Aharonov–Bohm phase shift as a result of a non-dispersive or dispersive effect.
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  15. James Conant, Why Worry About the Tractatus?score: 24.0
    Why worry about Wittgenstein’s Tractatus? Did not Wittgenstein himself come to think it was largely a mistaken work? Is not Wittgenstein’s important work his later work? And does not his later work consist in a rejection of his earlier views? So does not the interest of the Tractatus mostly lie in its capacity to furnish a particularly vivid exemplar of the sort of philosophy that the mature Wittgenstein was most concerned to reject? So is it not true that the only (...)
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  16. Augusto Garuccio (2004). Interferometry with Phase Conjugate Mirrors and Measure of One-Way Velocity of Light. Foundations of Physics 34 (12):1983-1992.score: 24.0
    A Michelson interferometer with a phase-conjugate mirror (PCM) is described and discussed. The behavior of phase conjugate mirrors is discussed and the result of an experiment with a Michelson interferometer with a phase-conjugate mirror is described and commented. This interferometer has been proposed to be used to test the intrinsic non-locality of quantum mechanics. In this paper a new experimental setup to study the one-way velocity of light is proposed, which uses this new interesting device.
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  17. Araceli Rosich Soares Velloso (2010). Os Categóricos de Observação: Uma Solução para Viabilizar o Holismo Semântico de Quine. Principia 10 (1):81-104.score: 24.0
    The “observational categoricals” constitute a very special set of sentences of great importance in the last phase of Quine’s work. According to Quine, the grammatical structure and therefore the role played by these sentences considered by the philosopher as the neutral empirical content of theories would solve several difficulties in semantics and epistemology. Most urgent among them would be: the incommensurability of theories, their empirical verifiability, as well as explaining the language learning process. In consequence of the importance of their (...)
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  18. Paul Redding (2005). Pierre Bourdieu: From Neo-Kantian to Hegelian Critical Social Theory. Critical Horizons 6 (1):183-204.score: 24.0
    This paper challenges the commonly made claim that the work of Pierre Bourdieu is fundamentally anti-Hegelian in orientation. In contrast, it argues that the development of Bourdieu's work from its earliest structuralist through its later 'post-structuralist' phase is better described in terms of a shift from a late nineteenth century neo-Kantian to a distinctly Hegelian post-Kantian outlook. In his break with structuralism, Bourdieu appealed to a bodily based 'logic of practice' to explain the binaristic logic of Lévi-Strauss' structuralist analyses of (...)
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  19. Carlos Castro (2010). On Nonlinear Quantum Mechanics, Noncommutative Phase Spaces, Fractal-Scale Calculus and Vacuum Energy. Foundations of Physics 40 (11):1712-1730.score: 24.0
    A (to our knowledge) novel Generalized Nonlinear Schrödinger equation based on the modifications of Nottale-Cresson’s fractal-scale calculus and resulting from the noncommutativity of the phase space coordinates is explicitly derived. The modifications to the ground state energy of a harmonic oscillator yields the observed value of the vacuum energy density. In the concluding remarks we discuss how nonlinear and nonlocal QM wave equations arise naturally from this fractal-scale calculus formalism which may have a key role in the final formulation of (...)
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  20. Geert Munnichs (2004). Whom to Trust? Public Concerns, Late Modern Risks, and Expert Trustworthiness. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (2):113-130.score: 24.0
    This article discusses the conditions under which the use of expert knowledge may provide an adequate response to public concerns about high-tech, late modern risks. Scientific risk estimation has more than once led to expert controversies. When these controversies occur, the public at large – as a media audience – faces a paradoxical situation: on the one hand it must rely on the expertise of scientists as represented in the mass media, but on the other it is confused by competing (...)
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  21. Gianni Vattimo (1999). Nietzsche: An Introduction. Stanford University Press.score: 24.0
    This book is both a concise and lucid introduction to Nietzsche and an original contribution to critical debates concerning Nietzsche interpretation and reception. This overview takes issue with the prevailing tendency to focus on Nietzsche’s later work, which reaches its extreme with Heidegger’s almost exclusive focus on the group of late notes posthumously collected as The Will to Power. Vattimo aims to mediate between two prominent hermeneutic readings of Nietzsche: Wilhelm Dilthey’s view that Nietzsche’s work fits into the nineteenth-century tradition (...)
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  22. Phillip Wolff & Dedre Gentner (2011). Structure-Mapping in Metaphor Comprehension. Cognitive Science 35 (8):1456-1488.score: 24.0
    Metaphor has a double life. It can be described as a directional process in which a stable, familiar base domain provides inferential structure to a less clearly specified target. But metaphor is also described as a process of finding commonalities, an inherently symmetric process. In this second view, both concepts may be altered by the metaphorical comparison. Whereas most theories of metaphor capture one of these aspects, we offer a model based on structure-mapping that captures both sides of metaphor processing. (...)
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  23. James A. Anderson & Jonathan Kimmelman (2014). Are Phase 1 Trials Therapeutic? Risk, Ethics, and Division of Labor. Bioethics 28 (3):138-146.score: 24.0
    Despite their crucial role in the translation of pre-clinical research into new clinical applications, phase 1 trials involving patients continue to prompt ethical debate. At the heart of the controversy is the question of whether risks of administering experimental drugs are therapeutically justified. We suggest that prior attempts to address this question have been muddled, in part because it cannot be answered adequately without first attending to the way labor is divided in managing risk in clinical trials. In what follows, (...)
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  24. Stefan Dragulinescu (2012). The Problem of Processes and Transitions: Are Diseases Phase Kinds? [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):79-89.score: 24.0
    In this paper I discuss a central objection against diseases being natural kinds—namely, that diseases are processes or transitions and hence they should not be conceptualized in the ‘substantish’ framework of natural kinds. I indicate that the objection hinges on conceiving disease kinds as phase kinds, in contrast to the non-phase, natural kinds of the exact sciences. I focus on somatic diseases and argue, via a representative comparison, that if disease kinds are phase kinds, then exact science kinds are phase (...)
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  25. Marnie Hughes-Warrington (2012). The Ethics of Internationalisation in Higher Education: Hospitality, Self-Presence and 'Being Late'. Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (3):312-322.score: 24.0
    While the concept of internationalization plays a key role in contemporary discussions on the activities and outcomes sought by universities, it is commonly argued that it is poorly understood or realised in practice. This has led some to argue that more work is needed to define the dimensions of the concept, or even to plot out stages of its achievement. This paper aims not to provide a definition of internationalisation for those working in higher education. On the contrary, it seeks (...)
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  26. Sam Werner (2012). Observation of Berry's Geometric Phase by Neutron Interferometry. Foundations of Physics 42 (1):122-139.score: 24.0
    On the 25th anniversary of Berry’s historic papers on the geometric phase, I discuss here our neutron interferometry experiment in which this phase is clearly separated from the dynamical phase. The connection of this experiment to the observation of the sign reversal of the wave function of a fermion during a 2π precession in a magnetic field by three groups independently in 1975 is discussed.
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  27. Gilad Gour (2002). The Quantum Phase Problem: Steps Toward a Resolution. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 32 (6):907-926.score: 24.0
    Defining the observable φ canonically conjugate to the number observable N has long been an open problem in quantum theory. The problem stems from the fact that N is bounded from below. In a previous work we have shown how to define the absolute phase observable Φ≡|φ| by suitably restricting the Hilbert space of x and p like variables. Here we show that also from the classical point of view, there is no rigorous definition for the phase even though it's (...)
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  28. Dominic Wilkinson (2009). The Window of Opportunity: Decision Theory and the Timing of Prognostic Tests for Newborn Infants. Bioethics 23 (9):503-514.score: 24.0
    In many forms of severe acute brain injury there is an early phase when prognosis is uncertain, followed later by physiological recovery and the possibility of more certain predictions of future impairment. There may be a window of opportunity for withdrawal of life support early, but if decisions are delayed there is the risk that the patient will survive with severe impairment. In this paper I focus on the example of neonatal encephalopathy and the question of the timing of prognostic (...)
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  29. Sophie Dufour, Angèle Brunellière & Ulrich H. Frauenfelder (2013). Tracking the Time Course of Word‐Frequency Effects in Auditory Word Recognition With Event‐Related Potentials. Cognitive Science 37 (3):489-507.score: 24.0
    Although the word-frequency effect is one of the most established findings in spoken-word recognition, the precise processing locus of this effect is still a topic of debate. In this study, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to track the time course of the word-frequency effect. In addition, the neighborhood density effect, which is known to reflect mechanisms involved in word identification, was also examined. The ERP data showed a clear frequency effect as early as 350 ms from word onset on the (...)
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  30. Gilles Dutilh, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Ingmar Visser & Han L. J. van der Maas (2011). A Phase Transition Model for the Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in Response Time Experiments. Cognitive Science 35 (2):211-250.score: 24.0
    Most models of response time (RT) in elementary cognitive tasks implicitly assume that the speed-accuracy trade-off is continuous: When payoffs or instructions gradually increase the level of speed stress, people are assumed to gradually sacrifice response accuracy in exchange for gradual increases in response speed. This trade-off presumably operates over the entire range from accurate but slow responding to fast but chance-level responding (i.e., guessing). In this article, we challenge the assumption of continuity and propose a phase transition model for (...)
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  31. Norihiro Kamide (2006). Phase Semantics and Petri Net Interpretation for Resource-Sensitive Strong Negation. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (4):371-401.score: 24.0
    Wansing’s extended intuitionistic linear logic with strong negation, called WILL, is regarded as a resource-conscious refinment of Nelson’s constructive logics with strong negation. In this paper, (1) the completeness theorem with respect to phase semantics is proved for WILL using a method that simultaneously derives the cut-elimination theorem, (2) a simple correspondence between the class of Petri nets with inhibitor arcs and a fragment of WILL is obtained using a Kripke semantics, (3) a cut-free sequent calculus for WILL, called twist (...)
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  32. Achim Siegel (1998). Ideologic Learning Under Conditions of Social Enslavement: The Case of the Soviet Union in the 1930s AND 1940s. [REVIEW] Studies in East European Thought 50 (1):19-58.score: 24.0
    A sequence of theoretical models is constructed as an extension to Leszek Nowak's theory of socialist society to explain important characteristics of the violent party purges in Soviet Stalinism. According to these models, purges are a regular and systemic feature of a socialist system during a certain phase of development (modelled as the phase of social enslavement). Contrary to traditional conceptions which interpret the purges essentially as resulting from the actions of an almost omnipotent, and partly irrational, despot, the models (...)
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  33. Enzo Brunetti, Pedro E. Maldonado & Francisco Aboitiz (2013). Phase Synchronization of Delta and Theta Oscillations Increase During the Detection of Relevant Lexical Information. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    During monitoring of the discourse, the detection of the relevance of incoming lexical information could be critical for its incorporation to update mental representations in memory. Because, in these situations, the relevance for lexical information is defined by abstract rules that are maintained in memory, results critical to understand how an abstract level of knowledge maintained in mind mediates the detection of the lower-level semantic information. In the present study, we propose that neuronal oscillations participate in the detection of relevant (...)
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  34. Gabriel Troc (2010). Fredric Jameson, Postmodernism or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 2 (4):197-205.score: 24.0
    Fredric Jameson, Postmodernism or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism Duke University Press, 1991.
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  35. Osborne P. Wiggins, John H. Barker, Serge Martinez, Marieke Vossen, Claudio Maldonado, Federico V. Grossi, Cedric G. Francois, Michael Cunningham, Gustavo Perez-Abadia, Moshe Kon & Joseph C. Banis (2004). On the Ethics of Facial Transplantation Research. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):1 – 12.score: 24.0
    Transplantation continues to push the frontiers of medicine into domains that summon forth troublesome ethical questions. Looming on the frontier today is human facial transplantation. We develop criteria that, we maintain, must be satisfied in order to ethically undertake this as-yet-untried transplant procedure. We draw on the criteria advanced by Dr. Francis Moore in the late 1980s for introducing innovative procedures in transplant surgery. In addition to these we also insist that human face transplantation must meet all the ethical requirements (...)
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  36. Andreas Bartels, Binocular Rivalry: A Time Dependence of Eye and Stimulus Contributions.score: 24.0
    Nikos K. Logothetis University of Manchester, Manchester, UK In binocular rivalry, the visual percept alternates stochastically between two dichoptically presented stimuli. It is established that both processes related to the eye of origin and binocular, stimulus-related processes account for these fluctuations in conscious perception. Here we studied how their relative contributions vary over time. We applied brief disruptions to rivalry displays, concurrent with an optional eye swap, at varying time intervals after one stimulus became visible (dominant). We found that early (...)
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  37. Francesco De Martini, Fabio Sciarrino, Nicolò Spagnolo & Chiara Vitelli (2011). Generation of Highly Resilient to Decoherence Macroscopic Quantum Superpositions Via Phase-Covariant Quantum Cloning. Foundations of Physics 41 (3):492-508.score: 24.0
    In this paper we analyze the resilience to decoherence of the Macroscopic Quantum Superpositions (MQS) generated by optimal phase-covariant quantum cloning according to two coherence criteria, both based on the concept of Bures distance in Hilbert spaces. We show that all MQS generated by this system are characterized by a high resilience to decoherence processes. This analysis is supported by the results of recent MQS experiments of N=3.5×104 particles.
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  38. John Grumley (2001). From the Agora to the Coffee-House: Heller's Quest for Philosophical Radicalism. Critical Horizons 2 (2):255-282.score: 24.0
    This paper considers Agnes Heller's attempt to construct a post Marxist radical philosophy. It examines the two main phases of this project: beginning with her late seventies A Radical Philosophy, it charts her development towards the position she now characterises as reflective post-modernism. It shows that despite a constant commitment to rational critique, Heller's concept of philosophical radicalism has shifted from an emphasis on total critique to that of maintaining balance between the rival technological and historical imaginations that exercise a (...)
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  39. Rosemarie Dlc Bernabe, Ghislaine Jmw van Thiel, Jan Am Raaijmakers & Johannes Jm van Delden (2014). The Fiduciary Obligation of the Physician-Researcher in Phase IV Trials. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):11.score: 24.0
    BackgroundIn this manuscript, we argue that within the context of phase IV, physician-researchers retain their fiduciary obligation to treat the patient-participants.DiscussionWe first clarify why the perspective that research ethics ought to be differentiated from clinical ethics is not applicable in phase IV, and therefore, why therapeutic orientation is most convivial in this phase. Next, assuming that ethics guidelines may be representative of common morality, we show that ethics guidelines see physician-researchers primarily as physicians and only secondarily as researchers. We then (...)
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  40. Andreas Hetzel, Wolfgang Palaver, Dietmar Regensburger & Gabriel Borrud (2013). The Reception of the Mimetic Theory in the German-Speaking World. Contagion 20 (1):25-76.score: 24.0
    “René Girard’s thoughts on the connection between religion and violence are just now becoming known in Germany,” wrote the philosopher Eckhard Nordhofen at the beginning of 1995 in the influential German weekly Die Zeit.1 Was Nordhofen correct with this assessment back then, or was he rather mistaken? Had not a first phase of reception of Girard’s works in the German-speaking world already begun in the late 1970s, or at the latest by the mid 1980s? One must note, though, that Girard (...)
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  41. Guillaume A. Rousselet Magdalena M. Bieniek, Luisa S. Frei (2013). Early ERPs to Faces: Aging, Luminance, and Individual Differences. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Recently, Rousselet et al. reported a 1 ms/year delay in visual processing speed in a sample of healthy aged 62 subjects (Frontiers in Psychology 2010, 1:19). Here, we replicate this finding in an independent sample of 59 subjects and investigate the contribution of optical factors (pupil size and luminance) to the age-related slowdown and to individual differences in visual processing speed. We conducted two experiments. In experiment 1 we recorded EEG from subjects aged 18-79. Subjects viewed images of faces and (...)
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  42. Jèssica Jaques Pi (2013). Kant's Aesthetic Reading of Aristotle's "Philia": Disinterestedness and the Mood of the Late Enlightenment. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 37 (2):55-68.score: 24.0
    This article roots Kant’s concept of disinterestedness, as he uses it in the Critique of Judgment, in Aristotle’s notion of philia by establishing a path from ethics to aesthetics and back. In this way, the third Critique turns out to be one of the main sources for a new ideal of humanity: the ideal suitable for late Enlightenment. This article argues that Kant reaches this fruitful use of disinterestedness by giving to Aristotle’s concept of philia an aesthetic turn.
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  43. M. J. Rave (2008). Interpreting Quantum Interference Using a Berry's Phase-Like Quantity. Foundations of Physics 38 (12):1073-1081.score: 24.0
    We show that quantum interference can be interpreted in terms of a phase invariant quantity, not unlike the Berry’s phase. Under this interpretation, closed loops in time become fundamental quantum entities, and all quantum states become periodic. Decoherence is then seen to occur naturally as a consequence. This formalism, although counterintuitive, provides another useful way of assigning meaning to quantum probabilities and quasi-probabilities.
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  44. J. D. M. Vianna, M. C. B. Fernandes & A. E. Santana (2005). Galilean-Covariant Clifford Algebras in the Phase-Space Representation. Foundations of Physics 35 (1):109-129.score: 24.0
    We apply the Galilean covariant formulation of quantum dynamics to derive the phase-space representation of the Pauli–Schrödinger equation for the density matrix of spin-1/2 particles in the presence of an electromagnetic field. The Liouville operator for the particle with spin follows from using the Wigner–Moyal transformation and a suitable Clifford algebra constructed on the phase space of a (4 + 1)-dimensional space–time with Galilean geometry. Connections with the algebraic formalism of thermofield dynamics are also investigated.
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  45. Rafael Wlodarski & Robin I. M. Dunbar (2013). Menstrual Cycle Effects on Attitudes Toward Romantic Kissing. Human Nature 24 (4):402-413.score: 24.0
    Hormonal changes associated with the human menstrual cycle have been previously found to affect female mate preference, whereby women in the late follicular phase of their cycle (i.e., at higher risk of conception) prefer males displaying putative signals of underlying genetic fitness. Past research also suggests that romantic kissing is utilized in human mating contexts to assess potential mating partners. The current study examined whether women in their late follicular cycle phase place greater value on kissing at times when it (...)
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  46. J. L. Bernheim, Locked-In: Don't Judge a Book by its Cover.score: 24.0
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; also called motor neuron disease) is a devastating medical condition that progressively robs patients of their ability to move, speak and eventually breathe. At present, many physicians are hesitant to propose tracheostomy and respiratory support in the terminal phase of ALS. In accordance with the principle of patient autonomy, physicians should respect the right of the ALS patient to accept or refuse any treatment, including mechanical ventilation. Also, in environments where euthanasia or physician-assisted death is legal, (...)
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  47. Robert T. Knight Bradley Voytek, Ryan T. Canolty, Avgusta Shestyuk, Nathan E. Crone, Josef Parvizi (2010). Shifts in Gamma Phase–Amplitude Coupling Frequency From Theta to Alpha Over Posterior Cortex During Visual Tasks. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 24.0
    The phase of ongoing theta (4-8 Hz) and alpha (8-12 Hz) electrophysiological oscillations is coupled to high gamma (80-150 Hz) amplitude, which suggests that low frequency oscillations modulate local cortical activity. While this phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) has been demonstrated in a variety of tasks and cortical regions, it has not been shown whether task demands differentially affect the regional distribution of the preferred low-frequency coupling to high gamma. To address this issue we investigated multiple-rhythm theta/alpha phase to high gamma amplitude (...)
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  48. Stephen Bre Brown, Henk van Steenbergen, Guido Ph Band, Mischa de Rover & Sander Nieuwenhuis (2012). Functional Significance of the Emotion-Related Late Positive Potential. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:33-33.score: 24.0
    The late positive potential (LPP) is an event-related potential component over visual cortical areas that is modulated by the emotional intensity of a stimulus. However, the functional significance of this neural modulation remains elusive. We conducted two experiments in which we studied the relation between LPP amplitude, subsequent perceptual sensitivity to a non-emotional stimulus (Experiment 1) and visual cortical excitability, as reflected by P1/N1 components evoked by this stimulus (Experiment 2). During the LPP modulation elicited by unpleasant stimuli, perceptual sensitivity (...)
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  49. André Knops Jan Willem Koten, Jr, Jan Lonnemann, Klaus Willmes (2011). Micro and Macro Pattern Analyses of fMRI Data Support Both Early and Late Interaction of Numerical and Spatial Information. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 24.0
    Numbers and space are two semantic primitives that interact with each other. Both recruit brain regions along the dorsal pathway, notably parietal cortex. This makes parietal cortex a candidate for the origin of numerical spatial interaction. The underlying cognitive architecture of the interaction is still under scrutiny. Two classes of explanations can be distinguished. The early interaction approach assumes that numerical and spatial information are integrated into a single representation at a semantic level. A second approach postulates independent semantic representations. (...)
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  50. Miriam Kos, Danielle Van den Brink & Peter Hagoort (2012). Individual Variation in the Late Positive Complex to Semantic Anomalies. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    It is well-known that, within ERP paradigms of sentence processing, semantically anomalous words elicit N400 effects. Less clear, however, is what happens after the N400. In some cases N400 effects are followed by Late Positive Complexes (LPC), whereas in other cases such effects are lacking. We investigated several factors which could affect the LPC, such as contextual constraint, inter-individual variation and working memory. Seventy-two participants read sentences containing a semantic manipulation (Whipped cream tastes sweet/anxious and creamy). Neither contextual constraint nor (...)
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