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Profile: David Miller (Northwestern University)
Profile: David Miller (Goldsmiths College, University of London)
Profile: David Miller (Agder College)
Profile: David Miller
Profile: Franklin Miller
Profile: Mara Miller
Profile: Alexander B. Miller (Catholic University of America)
Profile: Christian Miller (Wake Forest University)
Profile: Kristie Miller (University of Sydney)
Profile: Peter Miller (California State University, Los Angeles)
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  1. Roberto Di Cosmo & Dale Miller, Linear Logic. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    , from Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy.
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  2. Dorothea Frede, Brad Inwood & Jon Miller, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2006.08.35.
    Language and Learning is the latest volume to emerge from the Symposium Hellenisticum conference series. Like its predecessors, this book's alliterative title is a guide to its contents, which in this case examine a range of issues involving the philosophical treatment of language by Hellenistic philosophers (or, in a couple of cases, those preceding or following them), a topic that has been strangely neglected by specialists. And as with other volumes in the series, Language and Learning features a healthy blend (...)
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  3. Harvey Friedman & Chris Miller, A Big Difference Between Interpretability and Definability in an Expansion of the Real Field.
    We say that E is R-sparse if f(Ek) has no interior, for each k 2 N and f : Rk ! R de nable in R. (Throughout, \de nable" means \de nable without parameters".) In this note, we consider the extent to which basic metric and topological properties of subsets of R de nable in (R;E)# are determined by the corresponding properties of subsets of R de nable in (R;E), when R is an o-minimal expansion of (R;<;+;0;1) and E is (...)
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  4. M. Kohlhase, D. Ginev, C. David & B. R. Miller, Transforming Large Collections of Scientific Publications to XML.
    lecting statistics about missing bindings and macros, and other errors. This guides debugging and development efforts, leading to iterative improvements in both the tools and the quality of the converted corpus. The build system thus serves as both a production conversion engine and software test harness. We have now processed the complete arχiv collection through 2006 consisting of more than 400,000 documents (a complete run is a processor-yearsize undertaking), continuously improving our success rate. We are now able to convert more (...)
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  5. Jaron Lanier, Paul D. Miller & Hey Paul, Where Did the Music Go?
    IÂ’m only talking about commercial big time music in the United States. Of course music is gloriously seething in odd corners of the planet as it should. I can team up with some compatible friends and we can go find or make our own music in any of a number of accommodating environments- on the net, in the forest, or in some dank club late at night.
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  6. Alexander Miller, Bare Functional Desire.
    But this changes nothing. The decisive claim is that in assessing the counterfactuals implicit in (A) we do not have to take sceptical worlds into the reckoning, whereas we must do that in assessing (B) because (B) explicitly speaks of them. Accept, provisionally, what is here said about (B) and focus on the claim about (A). Nobody should make it unless they are already in a position to assert that the actual world is not a sceptical world. And with that (...)
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  7. Christopher S. Miller & Silvia M. King (unknown). Southern Company: A Case Study in Corporate Responsibility Leadership. Philosophical Explorations:101-128.
    This paper reviews the experience of an integrated approach to CSR in the U.S. electric utility sector. The authors report on the results of Southern Company’s historical definition of CSR as a dynamic model, balancing stakeholder needs through shifting pressures to assure long-term shareholder value, superior customer, price performance, and sustainable economic development. Using financial and utility sector measures, the paper assesses the company’s “balancing” approach to addressing CSR, which weights corporate, environmental, community, and economic factors in driving successful and (...)
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  8. David Miller, An Open Problem In.
    The notation and terminology of this paper follow [2], and are dual to those of [6] and [7]. If L is a language in the narrow sense, Cn may be any consequence operation on sets of sentences of L that includes classical sentential logic. Henceforth when we talk of the language L we intend to include reference to some fixed, though unspecified, operation Cn. X is a deductive system if X = Cn(X). Sentences x, z that are logically equivalent with (...)
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  9. David Miller, The Implications of Gödel's Theorem.
    Let me start with a disclaimer. I am not going to be primarily concerned with the Gödelian argument against mechanism, although that is what I am primarily associated with in the public mind. Not that I don't stand by it. Although there have been many criticisms, some of them ill informed and evidently based on not having read what I had actually written, the critics had a strong tendency to disagree with one another more than they did with me, or (...)
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  10. Jon Miller, Review Essay.
    While a handful of scholars have probed the purported link between peace and justice, the notion that a sustainable peace is a just peace has become a mantra amongst many policymakers and civil society activists.1 Whether through formal, ad hoc or traditional means, confronting historical injustices is seen as essential to restoring the rule of law, creating honest and inclusive historical narratives, and enabling the coexistence of hostile groups by taming the desire for vengeance. In particular, reparations programmes are attracting (...)
     
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  11. Jon Miller & Brad Inwood, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2003.11.29.
    If the later Middle Ages may reasonably be considered the high point of Aristotelianism in western Europe, the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are the high point of the renewal of Hellenistic philosophy. Scepticism, Stoicism, and Epicureanism all make powerful appearances, and indeed debates between the adherents of the modern variations on these schools echo and mirror the debates that took place in the third and second centuries BCE. Not surprisingly, the ancient philosophies (to the extent that they were stable in (...)
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  12. Kenneth R. Miller, The Flagellum Unspun.
    This is a pre- publication copy of an article that appeared in "Debating Design from Darwin to DNA," edited by Michael Ruse and William Dembski. Debating Design..
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  13. M. K. Miller & D. Osherson, Methods for Distance-Based Judgment Aggregation.
    Judgment aggregation theory, which concerns the translation of individual judgments on logical propositions into consistent group judgments, has shown that group consistency generally cannot be guaranteed if each proposition is treated independently from the others. Developing the right method of abandoning independence is thus a high-priority goal. However, little work has been done in this area outside of a few simple approaches. To fill the gap, we compare four methods based on distance metrics between judgment sets. The methods generalize the (...)
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  14. Mara Miller, Comparative Informatics: A New Information Science in the Service of Crisis Containment and Trauma Prevention and Recovery.
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  15. Mara Miller, Comparative Informatics: Disaster Management, Trauma, and Information Science.
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  16. Mara Miller, Making Historic Terror Tolerable to Children: Barefoot Gen and Grave of the Fireflies.
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  17. Michael K. Miller, Guanchun Wang, Sanjeev R. Kulkarni & Daniel N. Osherson, Wishful Thinking and Social Influence in the 2008 U.S. Presidential Election.
    This paper analyzes individual probabilistic predictions of state outcomes in the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Employing an original survey of more than 19,000 respondents, ours is the first study of electoral forecasting to involve multiple subnational predictions and to incorporate the influence of respondents’ home states. We relate a range of demographic, political, and cognitive variables to individual accuracy and predictions, as well as to how accuracy improved over time. We find strong support for wishful thinking bias in expectations, as (...)
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  18. Alexander Miller, Semantic Realism and the Argument From Motivational Internalism.
    In his 1982 book Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language, Saul Kripke develops a famous argument that purports to show that there are no facts about what we mean by the expressions of our language: ascriptions of meaning, such as “Jones means addition by ‘+’” or Smith means green by ‘green’”, are according to Kripke’s Wittgenstein neither true nor false. Kripke’s Wittgenstein thus argues for a form of non-factualism about ascriptions of meaning: ascriptions of meaning do not purport to state (...)
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  19. Christian Miller, Virtue as a Trait.
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  20. D. J. Miller & Matt Farr, On the Possibility of Ontological Models of Quantum Mechanics.
    It is an unresolved question in quantum mechanics whether quantum states apply to individual quantum systems, or to ensembles of quantum systems. We show by way of a thought experiment that quantum states apply only to ensembles of quantum systems. A further unresolved question is whether quantum systems possess ontic states. If a quantum state is the state of an ensemble, as we claim, the answer to this question is that quantum states are not ontic. However, a notable recent result (...)
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  21. David Miller, Deductivist Decision Making.
    The non-justificationist deductivism (or critical rationalism) of Karl Popper constitutes the only approach to human knowledge, including of course the natural and social sciences, that is capable of overcoming all the failings, and the plain contradictions, of the traditional doctrine of inductivism and of its modern incarnation, Bayesianism.
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  22. David Miller, Do We Reason When We Think We Reason, or Do We Think?
    If the open society is a society that ‘sets free the critical powers of man’ (Popper, 1945, Introduction), then the subject of critical thinking, now widely taught in universities in North America and at the level of further education in the UK, might seem to be a welcome innovation. Caution is advised. By mistakenly supposing that thinking intelligently is identical with thinking logically, critical thinking textbooks almost invariably regard the purpose of argument to be a combination of justification and persuasion, (...)
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  23. David Miller, How Does Probability Theory Generalize Logic?
    Rolando Chuaqui y yo, nos encontramos una ´ unica vez, en Bah´ıa Blanca en agosto 1992, en el Simposio Latino- Americano de L´ ogica Matem´ atica. Lamentablemente, Chuaqui muri´ o antes de mi pr´ oxima visita a Am´ erica del Sur, igual que otro gran l´ ogico latinoamericano, Carlos Alchourr´ on. Chuaqui estuvo en Bah´ıa Blanca juntos con varios alumnos que hablaron sobre aspectos de la l´.
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  24. David Miller, Lattice-Valued Probability.
    A theory of probability is outlined that permits the values of the probability function to lie in any Brouwerian algebra.
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  25. David Miller, Objective Knowledge.
    Karl Popper’s Objective Knowledge stands at the threshold of his last major philosophical phase, the period from his retirement from the London School of Economics in 1969 until his death in 1994. The two great books that he wrote before he came to London, Logik der Forschung (1934) and The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945), contain much more than the innovations in the theory of scientific method and the theory of democracy for which they are famous. Logik der Forschung, (...)
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  26. David Miller, Overcoming the Justificationist Addiction.
    It is a simple, though ancient, mistake in the theory of knowledge to think that justification, in any degree, is central to rationality, or even important to it. We must cut for ever the intellectual apron strings that continue to offer us spurious and unneeded security, and replace the insoluble problem of what our theories are based on by the soluble problem of how to expose their shortcomings. The paper will outline (not for the first time) the critical rationalism of (...)
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  27. David Miller, Reasoning: Control, Not Command.
    to think critically means that we are able to think in a logical fashion — in straight lines, as it were. One of the hardest skills that all undergraduates have to acquire is being able to think logically and then formulate these logical thoughts into sentences to produce an academic essay. Sentences and paragraphs in an essay have to follow on from each other in a logical sequence. This is part of critical thinking. So titles like Practical Logic or Reasoning (...)
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  28. David Miller, Read on Bradwardine on the Liar Paradox.
    The thesis of the present note is that the resemblance between Bradwardine’s highly instructive definition of truth, and what emerges from Tarski’s method of defining truth, is much closer than Read’s discussion reveals. Each approach, however, has serious defects.
     
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  29. David Miller, Reply to Zwirn & Zwirn.
    I am indebted to Zwirn and Zwirn [1989] (hereafter Z&Z) for their extended and careful comments on the arguments of Popper & Miller [1983], [1987], and also for friendly and illuminating conversations. Their judgement seems to be that although Popper and I fail to make a satisfactory case for our conclusion that inductive probability is impossible, that conclusion is nonetheless defensible on quite other grounds. I don’t really agree with this, as I shall explain.
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  30. David Miller, Some Accounting for Tastes.
    How many different outcomes are possible when n runners race (given that all finish)? How many preference [quasi]-orderings exist on a set of n options? These questions are formally identical, and are non-trivial because of the existence of ties and of indifferent but distinguishable alternatives. Some years ago Don Locke asked me for the answers for some very small n. These I supplied, but no general formula. Here I return to the problem, generalize it, and provide solutions.
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  31. David Miller, Smith's Defence of Approximate Truth.
    The example can be generalized. Suppose that ϕ and ψ are suffi- ciently different functions of an independent variable t. We may show that whenever X’s predictions for ϕ and ψ lie (weakly) between Z’s predictions and T’s predictions (the true values), then there are other quantities, interdefinable with ϕ and ψ, that reverse the ordering.
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  32. David Miller, Some Hard Questions for Critical Rationalism.
    ‘What distinguishes science from all other human endeavours is that the accounts of the world that our best, mature sciences deliver are strongly supported by evidence and this evidence gives us the strongest reason to believe them.’ That anyway is what is said at the beginning of the advertisement for a conference on induction at a celebrated British seat of learning in 2007. It shows how much critical rationalists still have to do to make known the message of Logik der (...)
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  33. David Miller, Solution to a Generalization of the Busy Beaver Problem.
    Let ϕ be a fixed numerical function. If the k-state Turing machine M with input string ϕ(k) (that is, started in its initial state scanning the leftmost 1 of a single string of ϕ(k) 1s on an otherwise blank tape) produces the output string m (that is, halts in its halting state scanning the leftmost 1 of a single string of m 1s on an otherwise blank tape), we shall say that the ϕ-fecundity of M is m. If M halts (...)
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  34. David Miller, Truth Defined.
    Tarski’s theorem advises us that there is no completely satisfactory definition of the term true sentence available. The paper ‘Infinite Truth’ presented to the Third World Congress on Paraconsistency in Toulouse five years ago suggested that, nevertheless, it is possible to provide within a fragment ZF+ of extended ZF a definition of the truth of sentences that is materially adequate, formally correct, explicit, universal, versatile, and modestly paraconsistent.
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  35. David Miller, The Disposition of Complete Theories.
    The purpose of this paper is to give a purely logical proof of a result of Mostowski [1937] concerning the complete theories of a calculus based on classical propositional logic; and then modestly to generalize it. Mostowski’s result is announced by Tarski on p. 370 of Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics [1956]. (All references to Tarski’s work here are to this book.) Tarski himself provides only a fragment of a proof, and the proof published by Mostowski makes extensive use of topological methods (...)
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  36. David Miller, Word Games for Formal Logic.
    Some students in the humanities take fright when introduced to the formal manipulations characteristic of elementary sentential & predicate logic. One way to lessen the pain of initiation is to start with word games, of which Lewis Carroll’s Doublets (section 1) is a familiar example. The paper presents some other games that successively introduce more of the..
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  37. Eric J. Miller, Foundering Democracy: Felony Disenfranchisement in the American Tradition of Vote Suppression.
    Felony disenfranchisement is best understood as a means of vote suppression. Quite apart from its significance as a form of criminal stigma, disenfranchisement is most properly characterized as one of the ways in which the American voting system reserves political participation for a privileged social and intellectual class. Thus understood, felony disenfranchisement reveals the theoretical underpinnings of an exclusionary version of American democracy in which more or less widespread disenfranchisement is an acceptable or necessary political tactic. Felony disenfranchisement should not (...)
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  38. Eric J. Miller, Role-Based Policing: Restraining Police Conduct 'Outside the Legitimate Investigative Sphere'.
    Quality-of-life policing, responsive to the concerns of urban communities, presents a profound paradox. On the one hand, the collateral effects of drug use, especially in public and in racially fragmented, low-income communities, result in levels of crime and fear of crime that renders the communities almost uninhabitable; on the other, the collateral effects of policing drug crime, for these same communities, destroy the community's human fabric. A "new" generation of legal scholars have embraced and transformed the Broken Windows model of (...)
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  39. Harlan Miller, Desire.
    I want, this morning, to talk about wants, about how what we want makes us who we are, and how some ways of understanding our own wants and the wants of others shape our lives both personally and politically. There are five parts, respectively personal, political, personal, political, personal.
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  40. Jon Miller, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2006.08.35.
    Language and Learning is the latest volume to emerge from the Symposium Hellenisticum conference series. Like its predecessors, this book's alliterative title is a guide to its contents, which in this case examine a range of issues involving the philosophical treatment of language by Hellenistic philosophers (or, in a couple of cases, those preceding or following them), a topic that has been strangely neglected by specialists. And as with other volumes in the series, Language and Learning features a healthy blend (...)
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  41. Jon Miller, Journal of the History of Philosophy 43: 2 April.
    There are at least two ways of writing the history of philosophy: the first and most common among those self−identified as "philosophers" treats philosophers of the past as if they were in live dialogue with the present. Only the text is dissected, studied, and analyzed as the interpreter attempts to reconstruct, examine, and occasionally challenge the arguments under consideration. Practitioners of this first way assume that systematic and seemingly internally coherent styles of thought are most worthy of the name "philosophy." (...)
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  42. Jon Miller, Reviewed By.
    Ian Hacking is one of the most original and influential thinkers alive today. His Taming of Chance (Cambridge UP, 1990) was named to The Modern Library’s list of the 100 most important non-fiction books written in English since 1900. In 2001, he was the first Anglophone ever to be elected to a permanent chair at the Collège de France. Though he started in highly technical fields such as logic, statistical theory and formal philosophy of science, he soon moved on to (...)
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  43. Richard Miller, December.
    Address: Department of Philosophy Goldwin Smith Hall Cornell University Ithaca, New York 14853 Telephone: 607-255-6440 E-mail: rwm5@cornell.edu..
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  44. Richard Miller, Equity in the Greenhouse: The Model of Teamwork.
    How should the task of containing the global greenhouse effect be divided internationally, especially as between developed and developing countries? It is hard to overestimate the importance of this question. When George W. Bush, in agreement with a 95-0 vote of the U.S. Senate, refused to sign on even to the utterly inadequate constraints of Kyoto, he did not affirm junk science; he rejected an arrangement that "exempts 80% of the world, including major population centers such as China and India (...)
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  45. Karl Popper & David Miller, [1 − P(X, Z)][1 − P(y, Z)]/P(y, Z) If P(y, Z) >.
    The burden of this theorem, stated informally, is that when a hypothesis h is maximally independent of the evidence — that is, it goes wholly beyond the evidence —, then the probability p(h, e) increases when the evidence e is weakened; and hence, the weaker is the evidence, the greater is the probabilistic support.
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  46. Patricia Agre, Frances A. Campbell, Barbara D. Goldman, Maria L. Boccia, Nancy Kass, Laurence B. McCullough, Jon F. Merz, Suzanne M. Miller, Jim Mintz & Bruce Rapkin (forthcoming). Improving Informed Consent: The Medium is Not the Message. Irb.
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  47. A. Alvarez, B. Copley, J. Magagna, L. Miller, C. Polacco, S. Reid, M. Rustin, M. Waddel & E. Quagliata (forthcoming). Un Buon Incontro. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  48. Sam Baron & Kristie Miller (forthcoming). Causation Sans Time. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Is time necessary for causation? We argue that, given a counterfactual theory of causation, it is not. We defend this claim by considering cases of counterfactual dependence in quantum mechanics. These cases involve laws of nature that govern entanglement. These laws make possible the evaluation of causal counterfactuals between space-like separated entangled particles. There is, for the proponent of a counterfactual theory of causation, a possible world in which causation but not time exists that can be reached by ‘stripping out’ (...)
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  49. Peg Birmingham, James Campbell, Maria C. Cimitile, Elian P. Miller, Conal Condren, Stephen Gaukroger, Ian Hunter, John W. Cooper & M. I. Ada (forthcoming). Ambrosio, Franci J. Dante and Derrida Face to Face. Albany: SUNY Press, 2007. $75.00 Baggett, David and William A. Drrumin, Eds. Hitchock and Philosophy: Dail M for Metaphysics. Chicago: Open Court, 2007. $17.95 Pb. Bird, Colin. An Introduction to Political Philosophy. Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. $24.99 Pb. [REVIEW] Philosophy Today.
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  50. Howard Brody & Franklin Miller (forthcoming). The Internal Morality of Medicine. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics.
     
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