Search results for 'Oswald T. Avery' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  15
    Frank Portugal (2010). Oswald T. Avery: Nobel Laureate or Noble Luminary? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (4):558-570.
    The fact that Oswald T. Avery (1877-1955) did not become a Nobel Laureate for his discovery of DNA as the genetic material has frequently been cited as a prime example of a mistake made in the awarding of the Nobel Prizes. The late Nobel Laureate Arne Tiselius explained the oversight away by saying that Avery "was an old man when he made his discovery" (Litell 1967)—although Avery was actually younger than several others who won the Nobel (...)
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  2.  2
    Ute Deichmann (2008). Challenging the Protein Dogma of the Gene: Oswald T. Avery – a Revolutionary Conservative. In Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds.), Rebels, Mavericks, and Heretics in Biology. Yale University Press
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  3. Alexander G. Bearn (1996). Oswald T. Avery and the Copley Medal of the Royal Society. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 39 (4):550-554.
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  4. Robert Olby (1978). The Professor, the Institute, and DNA. Oswald T. Avery, His Life and Scientific Achievements by Rene J. Dubos. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 69:475-476.
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  5. Robert Olby (1978). The Professor, the Institute, and DNA. Oswald T. Avery, His Life and Scientific AchievementsRene J. Dubos. Isis 69 (3):475-476.
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  6.  1
    Urs Oswald (1985). Review: T. E. Forster, Quine's New Foundations (An Introduction). [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):547-548.
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  7. Urs Oswald (1985). Forster T. E.. Quine's New Foundations . Cahiers du Centre de Logique, No. 5. Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut Supérieur de Philosophic, Louvain 1983, 100 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):547-548.
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  8.  12
    James Fieser & James Oswald (eds.) (2000). Scottish Common Sense Philosophy: Sources and Origins. Thoemmes Press.
    The Scottish Common Sense School of philosophy emerged during the Scottish Enlightenment of the second half of the eighteenth century. The School’s principal proponents were Thomas Reid, James Oswald, James Beattie and Dugald Stewart. They believed that we are all naturally implanted with an array of common sense intuitions and these intuitions are in fact the foundation of truth. Their approach dominated philosophical thought in Great Britain and the United States until the mid nineteenth century. In recent years philosophers (...)
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  9.  7
    U. Deichmann (2008). Different Methods and Metaphysics in Early Molecular Genetics - A Case of Disparity of Research? History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 30 (1):53-78.
    The encounter between two fundamentally different approaches in seminal research in molecular biology-the problems, aims, methods and metaphysics - is delineated and analyzed. They are exemplified by the microbiologist Oswald T. Avery who, in line with the reductionist mechanistic metaphysics of Jacques Loeb, attempted to explain basic life phenomena through chemistry; and the theoretical physicist Max Delbrück who, influenced by Bohr’s antimechanistic views, preferred to explain these phenomena without chemistry. Avery’s and Delbrück’s most important studies took place (...)
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  10. E. B. T. & Oswald Kulpe (1894). Grundriss der Psychologie, Auf Experimenteller Grundlage Dargestellt. Philosophical Review 3 (2):251-251.
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  11. Jacques Abbadie & W. T. (1695). The Art of Knowing One-Self: Or, an Enquiry Into the Sources of Morality [Tr. By T.W.].
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  12. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1713). An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.].
     
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  13. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1714). An Account of the Life and Writings of Mr. John Locke [by J. Le Clerc, Tr. By T.F.P.]. [Followed by] the Last Will and Testament of John Locke. [REVIEW]
     
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  14. Jean Le Clerc & F. P. T. (1706). The Life and Character of Mr. John Locke. Done Into Engl. By T.F.P.
     
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  15. W. T. (1698). A Dialogue Between Mr. Merriman, and Dr. Chymist: Concerning John Sergents Paradoxes, in His New Method to Science, and His Solid Philosophy. By T.W. [REVIEW] [S.N.].
     
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  16. L. T. L. T. (1908). NUNN, T. P. -The Aim and Achievements of Scientific Method. [REVIEW] Mind 17:274.
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  17. Alvin F. Coburn (1969). Oswald Theodore Avery and DNA. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 12 (4):623-630.
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  18.  19
    Eleonora Cresto (2008). In Search of the Best Explanation About the Nature of the Gene: Avery on Pneumococcal Transformation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (1):65-79.
    In this paper I present a model of rational belief change, and I show how to use it to obtain a better insight into the debate about the nature of pneumococcal transformation, genes and DNA that took place in the forties, as a result of Oswald T. Avery’s work. The model offers a particular elaboration of the concept of inference to the best explanation, along decision theoretic lines. Within this framework, I distinguish different senses in which Avery’s (...)
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  19.  8
    R. G. Collingwood (1923). An Introduction to the Study of Terra Sigillata. By F. Oswald and T. Davies Pryce. One Vol. 4to. Pp.Xii + 286. Eighty-Five Full-Page Plates with Explanatory Text. London: Longmans, 1920. £2 2s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 37 (5-6):137-.
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  20.  3
    I. Kushner & D. Samols (2011). Oswald Avery and the Pneumococcus. The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 74 (2):14.
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  21.  24
    Charles B. Cross (2002). Doesn't-Will and Didn't-Did. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):101 – 106.
    In "Against the Indicative," AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY 72 (1994): 17-26, and more recently in "Classifying `Conditionals': the Traditional Way is Wrong", ANALYSIS 60 (2000): 147, V.H. Dudman argues that (a) `If Oswald didn't shoot Kennedy then someone else did' and (b) `If Oswald doesn't shoot Kennedy then someone else will' should not be classified together as "indicative conditionals." Dudman relies on the assumption that (a) is entailed by (c) `Someone shot Kennedy', whereas (b) is not entailed by (...)
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  22.  10
    T. Foster Lindley (1952). Oswald Spengler; a Critical Estimate. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 49 (19):619-621.
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  23.  7
    John T. Ford (2009). Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J. (1918–2008) Parallels with Newman. Newman Studies Journal 6 (1):91-96.
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  24.  1
    Peter Jonkers (2006). Theologie und modernität. Philosophische Fragen zu Oswald Bayers Luther-Buch. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 48 (1):4-17.
    ZusammenfassungDieser Aufsatz erörtert einige philosophische Fragen in Bezug auf Bayers Vergegenwärtigung Luthers. Die Einbeziehung der Philosophie bietet der Theologie sowohl Chancen als auch Risiken. Einerseits kann die Philosophie zwischen einem religiösen oder theologischen Vokabular und der gegenwärtigen säkularen Gesellschaft vermitteln; andererseits riskiert die Theologie auf diese Weise eine Beeinflussung durch die innerweltlichen Kategorien der Philosophie. Diese zweite Position scheint die Bayers zu sein, da er die Beziehung von Philosophie und Theologie als Dissonanz interpretiert. Um zu untersuchen, ob und auf welche (...)
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  25. Oswald Külpe & Maud Lyall Patrick (1913). The Philosophy of the Present in Germany, Tr. By M.L. And G.T.W. Patrick.
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  26. Alan T. Robertshaw (1993). Die Autobiographische Lyrik des Europäischen Spätmittelalters: Studien zu Hugo von Montfort, Oswald von Wolkenstein, Antonio Pucci, Charles d'Orléans, Thomas Hoccleve, Michel Beheim, Hans Rosenplüt und Alfonso Alvarez de Villasandino.Albreccht Classen. Speculum 68 (4):1084-1086.
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  27. Oswald Hanfling (2000). Philosophy and Ordinary Language: The Bent and Genius of Our Tongue. Routledge.
    What is philosophy about and what are its methods? _Philosophy and Ordinary Language_ is a defence of the view that philosophy is largely about questions of language, which to a large extent means _ordinary_ language. Some people argue that if philosophy is about ordinary language, then it is necessarily less deep and difficult than it is usually taken to be but Oswald Hanfling shows us that this isn't true. Hanfling, a leading expert in the development of analytic philosophy, covers (...)
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  28. Oswald Hanfling (2013). Philosophy and Ordinary Language: The Bent and Genius of Our Tongue. Routledge.
    What is philosophy about and what are its methods? _Philosophy and Ordinary Language_ is a defence of the view that philosophy is largely about questions of language, which to a large extent means _ordinary_ language. Some people argue that if philosophy is about ordinary language, then it is necessarily less deep and difficult than it is usually taken to be but Oswald Hanfling shows us that this isn't true. Hanfling, a leading expert in the development of analytic philosophy, covers (...)
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  29.  67
    Justin Khoo (2015). On Indicative And Subjunctive Conditionals. Philosophers' Imprint 15 (32).
    At the center of the literature on conditionals lies the division between indicative and subjunctive conditionals, and Ernest Adams’ famous minimal pair: If Oswald didn’t shoot Kennedy, someone else did. If Oswald hadn’t shot Kennedy, someone else would have. While a lot of attention is paid to figuring out what these different kinds of conditionals mean, significantly less attention has been paid to the question of why their grammatical differences give rise to their semantic differences. In this paper, (...)
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  30. Dominic Griffiths (2015). The Poet as ‘Worldmaker’: T.S. Eliot and the Religious Imagination. In Francesca Knox & David Lonsdale (eds.), The Power of the Word: Poetry and the Religious Imagination. Ashgate 161-175.
    Martin Heidegger defines the world as ‘the ever non-objective to which we are subject as long as the paths of birth and death . . . keep us transported into Being’. He writes that the world is ‘not the mere collection of the countable or uncountable, familiar and unfamiliar things that are at hand . . . The world worlds’. Being able to fully and richly express how the world worlds is the task of the artist, whose artwork is the (...)
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  31.  11
    Torsten Marcus Breden & Jochen Vollmann (2004). The Cognitive Based Approach of Capacity Assessment in Psychiatry: A Philosophical Critique of the MacCAT-T. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 12 (4):273-283.
    This article gives a brief introduction to the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T) and critically examines its theoretical presuppositions. On the basis of empirical, methodological and ethical critique it is emphasised that the cognitive bias that underlies the MacCAT-T assessment needs to be modified. On the one hand it has to be admitted that the operationalisation of competence in terms of value-free categories, e.g. rational decision abilities, guarantees objectivity to a great extent; but on the other hand it bears severe (...)
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  32.  70
    Dominic Griffiths (2014). Looking Into the Heart of Light: Considering the Poetic Event in the Work of T.S. Eliot and Martin Heidegger. Philosophy and Literature 38 (2):350-367.
    No one is quite sure what happened to T.S. Eliot in that rose-garden. What we do know is that it formed the basis for Four Quartets, arguably the greatest English poem written in the twentieth century. Luckily it turns out that Martin Heidegger, when not pondering the meaning of being, spent a great deal of time thinking and writing about the kind of event that Eliot experienced. This essay explores how Heidegger developed the concept of Ereignis, “event” which, in the (...)
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  33.  12
    Justin Khoo (2015). On Indicative And Subjunctive Conditionals. Philosophers' Imprint 15 (32).
    At the center of the literature on conditionals lies the division between indicative and subjunctive conditionals, and Ernest Adams’ famous minimal pair: If Oswald didn’t shoot Kennedy, someone else did. If Oswald hadn’t shot Kennedy, someone else would have. While a lot of attention is paid to figuring out what these different kinds of conditionals mean, significantly less attention has been paid to the question of why their grammatical differences give rise to their semantic differences. In this paper, (...)
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  34.  43
    Joan A. Vaccaro (2011). T Violation and the Unidirectionality of Time. Foundations of Physics 41 (10):1569-1596.
    An increasing number of experiments at the Belle, BNL, CERN, DAΦNE and SLAC accelerators are confirming the violation of time reversal invariance (T). The violation signifies a fundamental asymmetry between the past and future and calls for a major shift in the way we think about time. Here we show that processes which violate T symmetry induce destructive interference between different paths that the universe can take through time. The interference eliminates all paths except for two that represent continuously forwards (...)
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  35.  40
    Francisco J. Ayala (1994). On the Scientific Method, Its Practice and Pitfalls. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):205 - 240.
    This paper sets forth a familiar theme, that science essentially consists of two interdependent episodes, one imaginative, the other critical. Hypotheses and other imaginative conjectures are the initial stage of scientific inquiry because they provide the incentive to seek the truth and a clue as to where to find it. But scientific conjectures must be subject to critical examination and empirical testing. There is a dialogue between the two episodes; observations made to test a hypothesis are the inspiration for new (...)
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  36.  5
    Jan Woleński, Truth-Makers and Convention T. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
    This papers discuss the place, if any, of Convention T (the condition of material adequacy of the proper definition of truth formulated by Tarski) in the truth-makers account offered by Kevin Mulligan, Peter Simons and Barry Smith. It is argued that although Tarski’s requirement seems entirely acceptable in the frameworks of truth-makers theories for the first-sight, several doubts arise under a closer inspection. In particular, T-biconditionals have no clear meaning as sentences about truth-makers. Thus, truth-makers theory cannot be considered as (...)
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  37.  91
    Charles Sayward (2002). Convention T and Basic Law V. Analysis 62 (4):289–292.
    It is argued that Convention T and Basic Law V of Frege’s Grungesetze share three striking similarities. First, they are universal generalizations that are intuitively plausible because they have so many obvious instances. Second, both are false because they yield contradictions. Third, neither gives rise to a paradox.
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  38.  3
    John Weckert, Hector Rodriguez Valdes & Sadjad Soltanzadeh (2016). A Problem with Societal Desirability as a Component of Responsible Research and Innovation: The “If We Don’T Somebody Else Will” Argument. NanoEthics 10 (2):215-225.
    The implementation of Responsible Research and Innovation is not without its challenges, and one of these is raised when societal desirability is included amongst the RRI principles. We will argue that societal desirability is problematic even though it appears to fit well with the overall ideal. This discord occurs partly because the idea of societal desirability is inherently ambiguous, but more importantly because its scope is unclear. This paper asks: is societal desirability in the spirit of RRI? On von Schomberg’s (...)
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  39.  7
    S. Jenei & F. Montagna (2003). On the Continuity Points of Left-Continuous T-Norms. Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (8):797-810.
    Left-continuous t-norms are much more complicated than the continuous ones, and obtaining a complete classification of them seems to be a very hard task. In this paper we investigate some aspects of left-continuous t-norms, with emphasis on their continuity points. In particular, we are interested in left-continuous t-norms which are isomorphic to t-norms which are continuous in the rationals. We characterize such a class, and we prove that it contains the class of all weakly cancellative left-continuous t-norms.
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  40.  23
    Ming Hsiung (2009). Jump Liars and Jourdain's Card Via the Relativized T-Scheme. Studia Logica 91 (2):239 - 271.
    A relativized version of Tarski’s T-scheme is introduced as a new principle of the truth predicate. Under the relativized T-scheme, the paradoxical objects, such as the Liar sentence and Jourdain’s card sequence, are found to have certain relative contradictoriness. That is, they are contradictory only in some frames in the sense that any valuation admissible for them in these frames will lead to a contradiction. It is proved that for any positive integer n , the n -jump liar sentence is (...)
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  41.  12
    A. Beckmann & A. Weiermann (2000). Analyzing Godel's T Via Expanded Head Reduction Trees. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (4):517-536.
    Inspired from Buchholz' ordinal analysis of ID1 and Beckmann's analysis of the simple typed λ-calculus we classify the derivation lengths for Gödel's system T in the λ-formulation.
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  42.  31
    Marga Vicedo (1990). T.H. Morgan, Neither an Epistemological Empiricist nor a “Methodological” Empiricist. Biology and Philosophy 5 (3):293-311.
    T. H. Morgan (1866–1945), the founder of the Drosophila research group in genetics that established the chromosome theory of Mendelian inheritance, has been described as a radical empiricist in the historical literature. His empiricism, furthermore, is supposed to have prejudiced him against certain scientific conclusions. This paper aims to show two things: first, that the sense in which the term empiricism has been used by scholars is too weak to be illuminating. It is necessary to distinguish between empiricism as an (...)
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  43.  8
    Joan A. Vaccaro (2015). T Violation and the Unidirectionality of Time: Further Details of the Interference. Foundations of Physics 45 (6):691-706.
    T violation has previously been shown to induce destructive interference between different paths that the universe can take through time which leads to a new quantum equation of motion called bievolution. Here we examine further details of the interference and clarify the conditions needed for the bievolution equation.
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  44. Ian James Kidd (2013). Oswald Spengler. In Gregory Claey (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Modern Political Thought. CQ Press
    I provide an account of the political and philosophical thought of Oswald Spengler.
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  45.  7
    Jinseok Kang (2015). Yi T’Oegye’s Reverent Seriousness and Philosophical Therapy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (1):107-128.
    Yi Hwang 李滉 , also known as Yi T’oegye 李退溪, was a prominent Korean scholar of Confucian philosophy during the Chosŏn 朝鮮 dynasty. He reinterpreted the Zhu Xi 朱熹 school of neo-Confucianism, taking reverent seriousness as the core principle of his philosophy. He studied various symptoms observed in the human mind and suggested the notion of reverent seriousness as a primary therapeutic method. His theory of kyŏng proposed the stages of philosophical therapy, which are uniquely found in Eastern philosophy and (...)
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  46.  7
    Lou Van Den Dries & Adam H. Lewenberg (1995). T-Convexity and Tame Extensions. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (1):74 - 102.
    Let T be a complete o-minimal extension of the theory of real closed fields. We characterize the convex hulls of elementary substructures of models of T and show that the residue field of such a convex hull has a natural expansion to a model of T. We give a quantifier elimination relative to T for the theory of pairs (R, V) where $\mathscr{R} \models T$ and V ≠ R is the convex hull of an elementary substructure of R. We deduce (...)
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  47. Johannes Arnold (2010). " Für eine Dame unerhört". Bernarda von Nell diskutiert mit Adolf Harnack. Theologie Und Philosophie 85 (1):65.
    Anhand von unveröffentlichten Briefen an die Herausgeber Hans Delbrück und Karl Muth wird im vorliegenden Beitrag nachgewiesen: Bernarda von Nell, die Mutter des Jesuitenpaters und Sozialethikers Oswald von Nell-Breuning, ist die Verfasserin des anonymen Artikels „Wie denkt Professor Harnack über die Enzyklika Pascendi?“ . Ihr Angriff auf Adolf Harnack ist Teil einer über Jahre andauernden, teils kritischen, teils bewundernden Auseinandersetzung mit dem protestantischen Gelehrten. Harnacks Antwort an die – ihm namentlich bekannte – Angreiferin ist vor dem Hintergrund seiner Unterstützung (...)
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  48. Christopher Dawson (2002). Dynamics of World History. Isi Books.
    Machine generated contents note: PART ONE: TOWARD A SOCIOLOGY OF HISTORY -- SECTION I: THE SOCIOLOGICAL -- FOUNDATIONS OF HISTORY -- I. The Sources of Culture Change -- 2. Sociology as a Science -- 3. Sociology and the Theory of Progress -- 4. Civilization and Morals -- 5. Progress and Decay in Ancient and Modern Civilization -- 6. Art and Society -- 7. Vitality or Standardization in Culture -- 8. Cultural Polarity and Religious Schism -- 9. Prevision in Religion -- (...)
     
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  49. Dominic Heath Griffiths (2012). 'A Raid on the Inarticulate': Exploring Authenticity, Ereignis and Dwelling in Martin Heidegger and T.S. Eliot. Dissertation, University of Auckland
    This thesis explores, thematically and chronologically, the substantial concordance between the work of Martin Heidegger and T.S. Eliot. The introduction traces Eliot's ideas of the 'objective correlative' and 'situatedness' to a familiarity with German Idealism. Heidegger shared this familiarity, suggesting a reason for the similarity of their thought. Chapter one explores the 'authenticity' developed in Being and Time, as well as associated themes like temporality, the 'they' (Das Man), inauthenticity, idle talk and angst, and applies them to interpreting Eliot's poem, (...)
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  50. Gregory S. Jay & T. S. Eliot (1983). T.S. Eliot and the Poetics of Literary History.
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