Search results for 'POTENTIATION' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. W. Robert Batsell & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 18.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot (...)
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  2. Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 18.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in the (...)
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  3. W. Robert Batsell Jr & Aaron G. Blankenship (2002). Beyond Potentiation: Synergistic Conditioning in Flavor-Aversion Learning. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 3 (3):383-408.score: 18.0
    Taste-aversion learning has been a popular paradigm for examining associative processes because it often produces outcomes that are different from those observed in other classical conditioning paradigms. One such outcome is taste-mediated odor potentiation in which aversion conditioning with a weak odor and a strong taste results in increased or synergistic conditioning to the odor. Because this strengthened odor aversion was not anticipated by formal models of learning, investigation of taste-mediated odor potentiation was a hot topic in the (...)
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  4. Masanobu Kano (1996). Long-Lasting Potentiation of GABAergic Inhibitory Synaptic Transmission in Cerebellar Purkinje Cells: Its Properties and Possible Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):354-361.score: 15.0
    The cellular basis of motor learning in the cerebellum has been attributed mostly to long-term depression (LTD) at excitatory parallel fiber (PF)-Purkinje cell (PC) synapses. LTD is induced when PFs are activated in conjunction with a climbing fiber (CF), the other excitatory input to PCs. Recently, by using whole-cell patch-clamp recording from PCs in cerebellar slices, a new form of synaptic plasticity was discovered. Stimulation of excitatory CFs induced a long-lasting (usually longer than 30 min) of 30 sec) and the (...)
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  5. John Bickle (2002). Concepts Structured Through Reduction: A Structuralist Resource Illuminates the Consolidation – Long-Term Potentiation (Ltp) Link. Synthese 130 (1):123 - 133.score: 12.0
    The structuralist program has developed a useful metascientific resource: ontological reductive links (ORLs) between the constituents of the potential models of reduced and reducing theories. This resource was developed initially to overcome an objection to structuralist ``global'' accounts of the intertheoretic reduction relation. But it also illuminates the way that concepts at a higher level of scientific investigation (e.g., cognitive psychology) become ``structured through reduction'' to lower-level investigations (e.g., cellular/molecular neuroscience). After (briefly) explaining this structuralist background, I demonstrate how this (...)
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  6. Tracey J. Shors & Louis D. Matzel (1997). Long-Term Potentiation: What's Learning Got to Do with It? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):597-614.score: 12.0
    Long-term potentiation (LTP) is operationally defined as a long-lasting increase in synaptic efficacy following high-frequency stimulation of afferent fibers. Since the first full description of the phenomenon in 1973, exploration of the mechanisms underlying LTP induction has been one of the most active areas of research in neuroscience. Of principal interest to those who study LTP, particularly in the mammalian hippocampus, is its presumed role in the establishment of stable memories, a role consistent with descriptions of memory formation. Other (...)
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  7. Shane M. O'Mara, Sean Commins, Colin Gemmell & John Gigg (1997). Long-Term Potentiation: Does It Deserve Attention? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):625-626.score: 12.0
    Shors & Matzel's target article is a thought-provoking attempt to reconceptualise long-term potentiation as an attentional or arousal mechanism rather than a memory storage mechanism. This is incompatible with the facts of the neurobiology of attention and of the behavioural neurophysiological properties of hippocampal neurons.
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  8. Warren Heideman (1995). Long Term Potentiation and CaM-Sensitive Adenylyl Cyclase: Long-Term Prospects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):477-478.score: 12.0
    The type I CaM-sensitive adenylyl cyclase is in a position to integrate signals from multiple inputs, consistent with the requirements for mediating long term potentiation (LTP). Biochemical and genetic evidence supports the idea that this enzyme plays an important role inc LTP. However, more work is needed before we will be certain of the role that CaM-sensitive adenylyl cyclases play in LTP.
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  9. Berit Brogaard, Kristian Marlow & Kevin Rice (forthcoming). The Long-Term Potentiation Model for Grapheme-Color Binding in Synesthesia. In David Bennett & Chris Hill (eds.), Sensory Integration and the Unity of Consciousness. MIT Press.score: 9.0
    The phenomenon of synesthesia has undergone an invigoration of research interest and empirical progress over the past decade. Studies investigating the cognitive mechanisms underlying synesthesia have yielded insight into neural processes behind such cognitive operations as attention, memory, spatial phenomenology and inter-modal processes. However, the structural and functional mechanisms underlying synesthesia still remain contentious and hypothetical. The first section of the present paper reviews recent research on grapheme-color synesthesia, one of the most common forms of synesthesia, and addresses the ongoing (...)
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  10. Kenneth Sufka (2000). Chronic Pain Explained. Brain and Mind 1 (2):155-179.score: 9.0
    Pains that persist long after damaged tissue hasrecovered remain a perplexing phenomenon. Theseso-called chronic pains serve no useful function foran organism and, given its disabling effects, mighteven be considered maladaptive. However, a remarkablesimilarity exists between the neural bases thatunderlie the hallmark symptoms of chronic pain andthose that subserve learning and memory. Bothphenomena, wind-up in the pain literature andlong-term potentiation (LTP) in the learning andmemory literature, are forms of neuroplasticity inwhich increased neural activity leads to a longlasting increase in the (...)
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  11. Matthew Shapiro & Eric Hargreaves (1997). Long Term Potentiation: Attending to Levels of Organization of Learning and Memory Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):631-632.score: 9.0
    Shors & Matzel set up a straw man, that LTP is a memory storage mechanism, and knock him down without due consideration of the important relations among different levels of organization and analysis regarding LTP, learning, and memory. Assessing these relationships requires analysis and hypotheses linking specific brain regions, neural circuits, plasticity mechanisms, and task demands. The issue addressed by the authors is important, but their analysis is off target.
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  12. Kunjumon I. Vadakkan (2013). A Supplementary Circuit Rule-Set for the Neuronal Wiring. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 9.0
    Limitations of known anatomical circuit rules necessitate the identification of supplementary rules. This is essential for explaining how associative sensory stimuli induce nervous system changes that generate internal sensations of memory, concurrent with triggering specific motor activities in response to specific cue stimuli. A candidate mechanism is rapidly reversible, yet stabilizable membrane hemi-fusion formed between the closely apposed postsynaptic membranes of different neurons at locations of convergence of sensory inputs during associative learning. The lateral entry of activity from the cue (...)
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  13. Nestor A. Schmajuk (1997). Stimulus Configuration, Long-Term Potentiation, and the Hippocampus. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):629-631.score: 9.0
    Shors & Matzel propose that hippocampal LTP increases the effective salience of discrete external stimuli and thereby facilitates the induction of memories at distant places. In line with this suggestion, a neural network model of associative learning and hippocampal function assumes that LTP increases hippocampal error signals to the cortex, thereby facilitating stimulus configuration in association cortex. Computer simulations show that under these assumptions the model correctly describes the effect of LTP induction and blockade in classical discriminations and place learning.
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  14. Terry Whatson Paul Kelley (2013). Making Long-Term Memories in Minutes: A Spaced Learning Pattern From Memory Research in Education. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 9.0
    Memory systems select from environmental stimuli those to encode permanently. Repeated stimuli separated by timed spaces without stimuli can initiate Long-Term Potentiation (LTP) and long-term memory (LTM) encoding. These processes occur in time scales of minutes, and has been demonstrated in many species. This study reports on using a specific timed pattern of three repeated stimuli separated by ten-minute spaces drawn from both behavioural and laboratory studies of LTP and LTM encoding. A technique was developed based on this pattern (...)
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  15. Zhengui Xia, Eui-Ju Choi, Daniel R. Storm & Christine Blazynski (1995). Do the Calmodulin-Stimulated Adenylyl Cyclases Play a Role in Neuroplasticity? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):429-440.score: 9.0
    Evidence from invertebrate systems including Aplysia and Drosophila, as well as studies carried out with mammalian brain, suggests that Ca2+-sensitive adenylyl cyclases may be important for long-term synaptic changes and learning and memory. Furthermore, some forms of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus elevate cyclic AMP (cAMP) signals, and activation of adenylyl cyclases and cAMP-dependent protein kinase may be required for late stages of LTP. We propose that long-term changes in neurons and at synapses may require synergism between the (...)
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  16. Richard G. Carson & Niamh Clare Kennedy (2013). Modulation of Human Corticospinal Excitability by Paired Associative Stimulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:823.score: 9.0
    Paired Associative Stimulation (PAS) has come to prominence as a potential therapeutic intervention for the treatment of brain injury/disease, and as an experimental method with which to investigate Hebbian principles of neural plasticity in humans. Prototypically, a single electrical stimulus is directed to a peripheral nerve in advance of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) delivered to the contralateral primary motor cortex (M1). Repeated pairing of the stimuli (i.e. association) over an extended period may increase or decrease the excitability of corticospinal projections (...)
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  17. Alissa J. Ellis, Kathryn M. Fischer & Christopher G. Beevers (2010). Is Dysphoria About Beingredandblue? Potentiation of Anger and Reduced Distress Tolerance Among Dysphoric Individuals. Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):596-608.score: 9.0
  18. Linda Palmer, Evidence That Long-Term Potentiation Occurs Within Individual Hippocampal Synapses During Learning.score: 9.0
    Vadim Fedulov,1 Christopher S. Rex,2 Danielle A. Simmons,3 Linda Palmer,4 Christine M. Gall,1,2 and Gary Lynch..
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  19. Mohan Matthen (forthcoming). Aristotle's Theory of Potentiality. In John Lizza (ed.), Potentiality: Metaphysical and Bioethical Dimensions. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 7.0
    In this paper, I examine Aristotle's notion of potentiality as it applies to the beginning of life. Aristotle’s notion of natural kinēsis implies that we should not treat the entity at the beginning of embryonic development as human, or indeed as the same as the one that is born. This leads us to ask: When does the embryo turn into a human? Aristotle’s own answer to this question is very harsh. Bracketing the views that lead to this harsh answer, his (...)
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  20. Peter J. Riggs (2008). Reflections on the Debroglie–Bohm Quantum Potential. Erkenntnis 68 (1):21 - 39.score: 6.0
    The deBroglie–Bohm quantum potential is the potential energy function of the wave field. The quantum potential facilitates the transference of energy from wave field to particle and back again which accounts for energy conservation in isolated quantum systems. Factors affecting energy exchanges and the form of the quantum potential are discussed together with the related issues of the absence of a source term for the wave field and the lack of a classical back reaction.
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  21. Helen Fielding (2003). Questioning Nature: Irigaray, Heidegger and the Potentiality of Matter. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 36 (1):1-26.score: 6.0
    Irigaray's insistence on sexual difference as the primary difference arises out of a phenomenological perception of nature. Drawing on Heidegger's insights into physis, she begins with his critique of the nature/culture binary. Both philosophers maintain that nature is not matter to be ordered by technical know-how; yet Irigaray reveals that although Heidegger distinguishes physis from techn in his work, his forgetting of the potentiality of matter, the maternal-feminine, and the two-fold essence of being as sexual difference means that his own (...)
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  22. John Davis (2008). Selecting Potential Children and Unconditional Parental Love. Bioethics 22 (5):258–268.score: 6.0
    For now, the best way to select a child's genes is to select a potential child who has those genes, using genetic testing and either selective abortion, sperm and egg donors, or selecting embryos for implantation. Some people even wish to select against genes that are only mildly undesirable, or to select for superior genes. I call this selection drift– the standard for acceptable children is creeping upwards. The President's Council on Bioethics and others have raised the parental <span class='Hi'>love</span> (...)
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  23. Annette Dufner (2013). Potentiality Arguments and the Definition of “Human Organism”. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):33-34.score: 6.0
    Bettina Schöne-Seifert and Marco Stier present a host of detailed and intriguing arguments to the effect that potentiality arguments have to be viewed as outdated due to developments in stem cell research, in particular the possibility of re-setting the development potential of differentiated cells, such as skin cells. However, their argument leaves them without an explanation of the intuitive difference between skin cells and human beings, which seems to be based on the assumption that a skin cell is merely part (...)
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  24. Charles McCarty (2013). Paradox and Potential Infinity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (1):195-219.score: 6.0
    We describe a variety of sets internal to models of intuitionistic set theory that (1) manifest some of the crucial behaviors of potentially infinite sets as described in the foundational literature going back to Aristotle, and (2) provide models for systems of predicative arithmetic. We close with a brief discussion of Church’s Thesis for predicative arithmetic.
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  25. Alfonso Gómez-Lobo (2005). On Potentiality and Respect for Embryos: A Reply to Mary Mahowald. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (2):105-110.score: 6.0
    In order to understand the nature of human embryos I first distinguish between active and passive potentiality, and then argue that the former is found in human gametes and embryos (even in embryos in vitro that may fail to be implanted) because they all have an indwelling power or capacity to initiate certain changes. Implantation provides necessary conditions for the actualization of that prior, active potentiality. This does not imply that embryos are potential persons that do not deserve the same (...)
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  26. A. D. Alhaidari (2010). Dirac Equation with Coupling to 1/R Singular Vector Potentials for All Angular Momenta. Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1088-1095.score: 6.0
    We consider the Dirac equation in 3+1 dimensions with spherical symmetry and coupling to 1/r singular vector potential. An approximate analytic solution for all angular momenta is obtained. The approximation is made for the 1/r orbital term in the Dirac equation itself not for the traditional and more singular 1/r 2 term in the resulting second order differential equation. Consequently, the validity of the solution is for a wider energy spectrum. As examples, we consider the Hulthén and Eckart potentials.
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  27. John P. Lizza (2010). Potentiality and Persons at the Margins of Life. Diametros 26:44-57.score: 6.0
    The concept of potentiality is often invoked in debate over the moral status of human embryos. It has also been invoked, though less prominently, in debate over the moral status of anencephalic infants, individuals in permanent vegetative state, and the whole-brain dead. In this paper, I examine some of the theoretical assumptions underlying the concept of potentiality invoked in these debates. I show how parties in the debate over the ethical significance of potentiality have been talking past each other to (...)
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  28. José Hernández-Orallo & David L. Dowe (2013). On Potential Cognitive Abilities in the Machine Kingdom. Minds and Machines 23 (2):179-210.score: 6.0
    Animals, including humans, are usually judged on what they could become, rather than what they are. Many physical and cognitive abilities in the ‘animal kingdom’ are only acquired (to a given degree) when the subject reaches a certain stage of development, which can be accelerated or spoilt depending on how the environment, training or education is. The term ‘potential ability’ usually refers to how quick and likely the process of attaining the ability is. In principle, things should not be different (...)
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  29. Vassilios Karakostas (2007). Nonseparability, Potentiality, and the Context-Dependence of Quantum Objects. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):279 - 297.score: 6.0
    Standard quantum mechanics undeniably violates the notion of separability that classical physics accustomed us to consider as valid. By relating the phenomenon of quantum nonseparability to the all-important concept of potentiality, we effectively provide a coherent picture of the puzzling entangled correlations among spatially separated systems. We further argue that the generalized phenomenon of quantum nonseparability implies contextuality for the production of well-defined events in the quantum domain, whereas contextuality entails in turn a structural-relational conception of quantal objects, viewed as (...)
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  30. Martin Land (2007). Coulomb Potential From Lorentz Invariance in N Dimensions. Foundations of Physics 37 (4-5):597-631.score: 6.0
    Although Maxwell theory is O(3,1)-covariant, electrodynamics only transforms invariantly between Lorentz frames for special forms of the field, and the generator of Lorentz transformations is not generally conserved. Bérard, Grandati, Lages, and Mohrbach have studied the O(3) subgroup, for which they found an extension of the rotation generator that satisfies the canonical angular momentum algebra in the presence of certain Maxwell fields, and is conserved by the classical motion. The extended generator depends on the field strength, but not the potential, (...)
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  31. T. Barakat & H. A. Alhendi (2013). Generalized Dirac Equation with Induced Energy-Dependent Potential Via Simple Similarity Transformation and Asymptotic Iteration Methods. Foundations of Physics 43 (10):1171-1181.score: 6.0
    This study shows how precise simple analytical solutions for the generalized Dirac equation with repulsive vector and attractive energy-dependent Lorentz scalar potentials, position-dependent mass potential, and a tensor interaction term can be obtained within the framework of both similarity transformation and the asymptotic iteration methods. These methods yield a significant improvement over existing approaches and provide more plausible and applicable ways in explaining the pseudospin symmetry’s breaking mechanism in nuclei.
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  32. Stephen S. Hanson (2006). “More on Respect for Embryos and Potentiality: Does Respect for Embryos Entail Respect for in Vitro Embryos?”. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (3):215-226.score: 6.0
    It is commonly assumed that persons who hold abortions to be generally impermissible must, for the same reasons, be opposed to embryonic stem cell research [ESR]. Yet a settled position against abortion does not necessarily direct one to reject that research. The difference in potentiality between the embryos used in ESR and embryos discussed in the abortion debate can make ESR acceptable even if one holds that abortion is impermissible. With regard to their potentiality, in vitro embryos are here argued (...)
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  33. Theodore Hailperin (2001). Potential Infinite Models and Ontologically Neutral Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 30 (1):79-96.score: 6.0
    The paper begins with a more carefully stated version of ontologically neutral (ON) logic, originally introduced in (Hailperin, 1997). A non-infinitistic semantics which includes a definition of potential infinite validity follows. It is shown, without appeal to the actual infinite, that this notion provides a necessary and sufficient condition for provability in ON logic.
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  34. H. Hassanabadi, Z. Molaee & A. Boumali (2013). Exact Solutions of the Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau Equation with a Pseudoharmonic Potential in the Presence of a Magnetic Field in (1+2) Dimensions. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 43 (2):225-235.score: 6.0
    We will consider the relativistic Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau equation in the presence of a pseudoharmonic potential in a magnetic field in the (1+2)-dimensional space-time for spin-one particles. To derive the energy eigenvalues and corresponding eigenfunctions, the analytical Nikiforov-Uvarov Method is used and some explanatory figures are included.
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  35. Mahdi Atiq, Mozafar Karamian & Mahdi Golshani (2009). A New Way for the Extension of Quantum Theory: Non-Bohmian Quantum Potentials. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 39 (1):33-44.score: 6.0
    Quantum Mechanics is a good example of a successful theory. Most of atomic phenomena are described well by quantum mechanics and cases such as Lamb Shift that are not described by quantum mechanics, are described by quantum electrodynamics. Of course, at the nuclear level, because of some complications, it is not clear that we can claim the same confidence. One way of taking these complications and corrections into account seems to be a modification of the standard quantum theory. In this (...)
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  36. Sophie Dufour, Angèle Brunellière & Ulrich H. Frauenfelder (2013). Tracking the Time Course of Word‐Frequency Effects in Auditory Word Recognition With Event‐Related Potentials. Cognitive Science 37 (3):489-507.score: 6.0
    Although the word-frequency effect is one of the most established findings in spoken-word recognition, the precise processing locus of this effect is still a topic of debate. In this study, we used event-related potentials (ERPs) to track the time course of the word-frequency effect. In addition, the neighborhood density effect, which is known to reflect mechanisms involved in word identification, was also examined. The ERP data showed a clear frequency effect as early as 350 ms from word onset on the (...)
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  37. Diego L. Rapoport (2005). Cartan–Weyl Dirac and Laplacian Operators, Brownian Motions: The Quantum Potential and Scalar Curvature, Maxwell's and Dirac-Hestenes Equations, and Supersymmetric Systems. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (8):1383-1431.score: 6.0
    We present the Dirac and Laplacian operators on Clifford bundles over space–time, associated to metric compatible linear connections of Cartan–Weyl, with trace-torsion, Q. In the case of nondegenerate metrics, we obtain a theory of generalized Brownian motions whose drift is the metric conjugate of Q. We give the constitutive equations for Q. We find that it contains Maxwell’s equations, characterized by two potentials, an harmonic one which has a zero field (Bohm-Aharonov potential) and a coexact term that generalizes the Hertz (...)
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  38. Rolf Ahlzén (2002). The Doctor and the Literary Text €” Potentials and Pitfalls. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):147-155.score: 6.0
    Expectations are growing that literature may contribute to clinical skills. Narrative medicine is a quickly expanding area of research. However, many people remain sceptical to the idea of literature having a capacity to save the life of medicine . It is therefore urgent to scrutinize both the arguments in favour of and those against the potential of literature for increasing medical understanding. This article attempts to do this. It does in fact support the assertion that literature is important, but it (...)
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  39. N. Ben-Amots (2007). Relativistic Exponential Gravitation and Exponential Potential of Electric Charge. Foundations of Physics 37 (4-5):773-787.score: 6.0
    We present theories of gravitation and electric potentials with exponential dependence on the reciprocal distance. In the context of this kind of electric potential we investigate the dynamics of a relativistic electron interacting with a proton.
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  40. Adam Lindgreen, Valérie Swaen, David Harness & Marieke Hoffmann (2011). The Role of 'High Potentials' in Integrating and Implementing Corporate Social Responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics 99 (S1):73-91.score: 6.0
    The Samenleving and Bedrijf (S&B) network of Dutch organizations seeks to embed corporate social responsibility (CSR) within business practices but faces challenges with regard to how to do so across various organizational practices, processes, and policies. The integration of CSR demands cultural change driven by senior management and other change agents, who push CSR principles throughout the organization. This study examines the change processes that S&B member organizations have initiated, with a particular focus on the role of high potentials—those persons (...)
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  41. Bogdan Costea, Kostas Amiridis & Norman Crump (2012). Graduate Employability and the Principle of Potentiality: An Aspect of the Ethics of HRM. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):25-36.score: 6.0
    The recruitment of the next generation of workers is of central concern to contemporary HRM. This paper focuses on university campuses as a major site of this process, and particularly as a new domain in which HRM's ethical claims are configured, in which it sets and answers a range of ethical questions as it outlines the 'ethos' of the ideal future worker. At the heart of this ethos lies what we call the 'principle of potentiality'. This principle is explored through (...)
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  42. Andreas Keil L. Forest Gruss, Matthias J. Wieser, Stefan R. Schweinberger (2012). Face-Evoked Steady-State Visual Potentials: Effects of Presentation Rate and Face Inversion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 6.0
    Face processing can be explored using electrophysiological methods. Research with event-related potentials (ERPs) has demonstrated the so-called face inversion effect, in which the N170 component is enhanced in amplitude and latency to inverted, compared to upright, faces. The present study explored the extent to which repetitive lower-level visual cortical engagement, reflected in flicker steady-state visual evoked potentials (ssVEPs), shows similar amplitude enhancement to face inversion. We also asked if inversion related ssVEP modulation would be dependent on the stimulation rate at (...)
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  43. Melvin S. Steinberg (2008). Inventing Electric Potential. Foundations of Science 13 (2):163-175.score: 6.0
    Investigations with electrometers in the 1770s led Volta to envision mobile charge in electrical conductors as a compressible fluid. A pressure-like condition in this fluid, which Volta described as the fluid’s “effort to push itself out” of its conducting container, was the causal agent that makes the fluid move. In this paper I discuss Volta’s use of analogy and imagery in model building, and compare with a successful contemporary conceptual approach to introducing ideas about electric potential in instruction. The concept (...)
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  44. Maike Kemper, Valentin J. Umbach, Sabine Schwager, Robert Gaschler, Peter A. Frensch & Birgit Stürmer (2012). What I Say is What I Get: Stronger Effects of Self-Generated Vs. Cue-Induced Expectations in Event-Related Potentials. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 6.0
    Expectations regarding future events enable preparatory processes and allow for faster responses to expected stimuli compared to unexpected stimuli. Expectations can have internal sources or follow external cues. While many studies on expectation effects use some form of cueing, a direct comparison with self-generated expectations involving behavioral and psychophysiological measures is lacking. In the present study we compare cue-induced expectations with self-generated expectations that are both expressed verbally in a within-subjects design, measuring behavioral performance and event-related brain potentials (ERPs). Response (...)
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  45. Inga S. Knoth & Sarah Lippé (2012). Event-Related Potential Alterations in Fragile X Syndrome. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 6.0
    Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) is the most common form of X-linked intellectual disability, associated with a wide range of cognitive and behavioural impairments. FXS is caused by a trinucleotide repeat expansion in the FMR1 gene located on the X-chromosome. FMR1 is expected to prevent the expression of the “fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP)”, which results in altered structural and functional development of the synapse, including a loss of synaptic plasticity. This review aims to unveil the contribution of electrophysiological signal (...)
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  46. Annick Laruelle & Federico Valenciano (2005). Potential and 'Power of a Collectivity to Act'. Theory and Decision 58 (2):187-194.score: 6.0
    This paper connects two notions: Hart and Mas-Colell’s ‘potential’, related to the value of coalitional games, and Coleman’s earlier notion of ‘power of a collectivity to act’, related to the easiness to make decisions by means of a voting rule.
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  47. Massimo Leone (2012). Motility, Potentiality, and Infinity—A Semiotic Hypothesis on Nature and Religion. Biosemiotics 5 (3):369-389.score: 6.0
    Against any obscurantist stand, denying the interest of natural sciences for the comprehension of human meaning and language, but also against any reductionist hypothesis, frustrating the specificity of the semiotic point of view on nature, the paper argues that the deepest dynamic at the basis of meaning consists in its being a mechanism of ‘potentiality navigation’ within a universe generally characterized by motility. On the one hand, such a hypothesis widens the sphere of meaning to all beings somehow endowed with (...)
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  48. Pablo Ruiz-Palomino, Francisco J. Sáez-Martínez & Ricardo Martínez-Cañas (2013). Understanding Pay Satisfaction: Effects of Supervisor Ethical Leadership on Job Motivating Potential Influence. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):31-43.score: 6.0
    Traditionally, research focused on determining the causes of employee pay satisfaction has investigated the influence of job-related inputs, both extrinsic and intrinsic to the job itself. Together with these inputs, pay-related fairness issues have played an important role in explaining the phenomenon. However, few studies consider the factors linked to fairness issues, such as ethical leadership. Because ethical leadership necessarily entails the concept of fairness, it seemingly should have a positive effect. Furthermore, because the presence of supervisor ethical leadership (SEL) (...)
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  49. D. Chris Anderson, Joseph P. Sergio & Michael Ewing (1982). Food Deprivation and Startle Magnitude: Inhibition, Potentiation, or Neither? Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (3):165-168.score: 6.0
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  50. Stephen F. Davis, Scott A. Bailey, Angela H. Becker & Cathy A. Grover (1990). Taste/Taste Potentiation as a Function of Age and Stimulus Intensity. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (3):201-203.score: 6.0
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