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Alan Ryan [128]John K. Ryan [63]James H. Ryan [27]Leo V. Ryan [27]
Michael Ryan [25]E. A. Ryan [21]Cheyney Ryan [17]Tom Ryan [16]

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Profile: Michael Ryan
Profile: Frank Ryan (Kent State University)
Profile: Sharon Ryan (West Virginia University)
Profile: Andrew Ryan
Profile: Anastacia Ryan (Glasgow University)
Profile: Ashley Marie Ryan (Loyola Marymount University)
Profile: Todd Ryan
Profile: Shane Ryan (Soochow University)
Profile: Charles Roemer (Yale University)
Profile: Christopher Linden Ryan (University of New England)
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  1. John A. Darling, Adam R. Reitzel, Patrick M. Burton, Maureen E. Mazza, Joseph F. Ryan, James C. Sullivan & John R. Finnerty (2005). Rising Starlet: The Starlet Sea Anemone, Nematostella Vectensis. Bioessays 27 (2):211-221.
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  2. John Charles Ryan (2013). Toward a Phen (Omen) Ology of the Seasons: The Emergence of the Indigenous Weather Knowledge Project (IWKP). Environment, Space, Place 5 (1):103-131.
    Since European settlement, the Western calendar has insufficiently accounted for the seasonal nuances and multiple temporalities of Australia. Beginning with Tim Entwistle’s recent proposal to revise the four-season Australian norm, this article traces the emergence of the Western calendar in Europe and its institutionalization ‘Down Under.’ With its emphasis on land-based calendars, the Indigenous Weather Knowledge Project is a partnership between Aboriginal communities and the Bureau of Meteorology aimed at preserving and promoting knowledge of the endemic seasons of Australian regions. (...)
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  3.  5
    Alan Ryan, R. Harre & P. F. Secord (1973). The Explanation of Social Behaviour. Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):374.
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  4. Sharon Ryan (2003). Doxastic Compatibilism and the Ethics of Belief. Philosophical Studies 114 (1-2):47-79.
  5.  33
    Alan Ryan (1995). John Dewey and the High Tide of American Liberalism. W.W. Norton.
    "When John Dewey died in 1952, he was memorialized as America's most famous philosopher, revered by liberal educators and deplored by conservatives, but universally acknowledged as his country's intellectual voice. Many things conspired to give Dewey an extraordinary intellectual eminence: He was immensely long-lived and immensely prolific; he died in his ninety-third year, and his intellectual productivity hardly slackened until his eighties." "Professor Alan Ryan offers new insights into Dewey's many achievements, his character, and the era in which his scholarship (...)
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  6.  24
    Eleni Papaoikonomou, Mireia Valverde & Gerard Ryan (2012). Articulating the Meanings of Collective Experiences of Ethical Consumption. Journal of Business Ethics 110 (1):15-32.
    In the context of the growing popularity of the ethical consumer movement and the appearance of different types of ethical collective communities, the current article explores the meanings drawn from the participation in Responsible Consumption Cooperatives. In existing research, the overriding focus has been on examining individual ethical consumer behaviour at the expense of advancing our understanding of how ethical consumers behave collectively. Hence, this article examines the meanings derived from participating in ethical consumer groups. A qualitative multi-method approach is (...)
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  7.  37
    Mikhail Prokopenko, Fabio Boschetti & Alex J. Ryan (2009). An Information‐Theoretic Primer on Complexity, Self‐Organization, and Emergence. Complexity 15 (1):11-28.
  8. Alan Ryan (2015). Introduction. In The Making of Modern Liberalism. Princeton University Press 1-18.
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  9. Edward L. Deci & Richard M. Ryan (eds.) (2002). Handbook of Self-Determination Research. University of Rochester Press.
    Papers addressing the role which human motivation plays in a wide range of specialties including clinical psychology, internal medicine, sports psychology, ...
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  10.  1
    Alan Ryan (2015). The Making of Modern Liberalism. Princeton University Press.
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  11.  27
    John J. Ryan (2001). Moral Reasoning as a Determinant of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Study in the Public Accounting Profession. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 33 (3):233 - 244.
    This study examines the relationship between an employee's level of moral reasoning and a form of work performance known as organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB). Prior research in the public accounting profession has found higher levels of moral reasoning to be positively related to various types of ethical behavior. This study extends the ethical domain of accounting behaviors to include OCB. Analysis of respondents from a public accounting firm in the northeast region of the United States (n = 107) support a (...)
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  12. Christopher James Ryan (2009). Out on a Limb: The Ethical Management of Body Integrity Identity Disorder. Neuroethics 2 (1):21-33.
    Body integrity identity disorder (BIID), previously called apotemnophilia, is an extremely rare condition where sufferers desire the amputation of a healthy limb because of distress associated with its presence. This paper reviews the medical and philosophical literature on BIID. It proposes an evidenced based and ethically informed approach to its management. Amputation of a healthy limb is an ethically defensible treatment option in BIID and should be offered in some circumstances, but only after clarification of the diagnosis and consideration of (...)
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  13.  95
    Sharon Ryan (2012). Wisdom, Knowledge and Rationality. Acta Analytica 27 (2):99-112.
    After surveying the strengths and weaknesses of several well-known approaches to wisdom, I argue for a new theory of wisdom that focuses on being epistemically, practically, and morally rational. My theory of wisdom, The Deep Rationality Theory of Wisdom, claims that a wise person is a person who is rational and who is deeply committed to increasing his or her level of rationality. This theory is a departure from theories of wisdom that demand practical and/or theoretical knowledge. The Deep Rationality (...)
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  14.  26
    David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke (2010). Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  15.  6
    Lori Verstegen Ryan, Ann K. Buchholtz & Robert W. Kolb (2010). New Directions in Corporate Governance and Finance. Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (4):673-694.
    Corporate governance and finance are dynamic academic fields that offer myriad opportunities for business ethics analysis. Within the corporate governance triad in recent years, shareholders have increased their power over boards of directors and executives through both regulation and movements to change corporate by-laws. The impact of board characteristics on firm performance has proven elusive, leading to questions concerning board processes and individual director beliefs and behaviors. At the same time, CEOs have lost considerable power, leaving many struggling to regain (...)
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  16.  18
    David A. Rettinger, Kristina Ryan, Kristopher Fulks, Anna Deaton, Jeffrey Barnes & Jillian O'Rourke (2010). Imitation Is the Sincerest Form of Cheating: The Influence of Direct Knowledge and Attitudes on Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):47-64.
    What effect does witnessing other students cheat have on one's own cheating behavior? What roles do moral attitudes and neutralizing attitudes (justifications for behavior) play when deciding to cheat? The present research proposes a model of academic dishonesty which takes into account each of these variables. Findings from experimental (vignette) and survey methods determined that seeing others cheat increases cheating behavior by causing students to judge the behavior less morally reprehensible, not by making rationalization easier. Witnessing cheating also has unique (...)
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  17.  3
    Thomas M. Jones & Lori Verstegen Ryan (1998). The Effect of Organizational Forces on Individual Morality: Judgment, Moral Approbation, and Behavior. Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (3):431-445.
    To date, our understanding of ethical decision making and behavior in organizations has been concentrated in the area of moraljudgment, largely because of the hundreds of studies done involving cognitive moral development. This paper addresses the problemof our relative lack of understanding in other areas of human morality by applying a recently developed construct—moral approbation—to illuminate the link between moral judgment and moral action. This recent work is extended here by exploring the effect thatorganizations have on ethical behavior in terms (...)
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  18.  54
    Sharon Ryan (1996). The Epistemic Virtues of Consistency. Synthese 109 (2):121-141.
    The lottery paradox has been discussed widely. The standard solution to the lottery paradox is that a ticket holder is justified in believing each ticket will lose but the ticket holder is also justified in believing not all of the tickets will lose. If the standard solution is true, then we get the paradoxical result that it is possible for a person to have a justified set of beliefs that she knows is inconsistent. In this paper, I argue that the (...)
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  19. Alan Ryan (2010). Happiness and Political Theory. Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (2):421-440.
    Excerpt: …I here tackle three topics: first, the lowly place of happiness among the goals of political action in the great tradition of political thought; second, the novelty of the idea of happiness is the proper aim or public policy; and last, the importance of the distinction between what was aptly described by T.H. Green as "hindering hindrances to the good life" and the promotion of happiness by political action. As that might suggest, I shall say some unkind things about (...)
     
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  20. Sharon Ryan (1999). What is Wisdom? Philosophical Studies 93 (2):119-139.
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  21.  57
    Sharon Ryan, Wisdom. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  22.  32
    Michael Owren, Drew Rendall & Michael Ryan (2010). Redefining Animal Signaling: Influence Versus Information in Communication. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):755-780.
    Researchers typically define animal signaling as morphology or behavior specialized for transmitting encoded information from a signaler to a perceiver. Although intuitively appealing, this conception is inherently metaphorical and leaves concepts of both information and encoding undefined. To justify relying on the information construct, theorists often appeal to Shannon and Weaver’s quantitative definition. The two approaches are, however, fundamentally at odds. The predominant definition of animal signaling is thus untenable, which has a number of undesirable consequences for both theory and (...)
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  23.  43
    Marc C. Marchese, Gregory Bassham & Jack Ryan (2002). Work-Family Conflict: A Virtue Ethics Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):145 - 154.
    Work-family conflict has been examined quite often in human resources management and industrial/organizational psychology literature. Numerous statistics show that the magnitude of this employment issue will continue to grow. As employees attempt to balance work demands and family responsibilities, organizations will have to decide to what extent they will go to minimize this conflict. Research has identified numerous negative consequences of work-family stressors for organizations, for employees and for employees' families. There are however many options to reduce this strain, each (...)
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  24.  30
    Eleni Papaoikonomou, Gerard Ryan & Mireia Valverde (2011). Mapping Ethical Consumer Behavior: Integrating the Empirical Research and Identifying Future Directions. Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):197 - 221.
    The concept of ?ethical consumer behavior? has gained significant attention among practitioners and academic researchers, generating increasing but disjointed knowledge on the topic. By analyzing the empirical research on ethical consumer behavior, this article provides researchers with a map to guide future research. In total, we review 80 studies. The main contributions of the article include the identification of the main trends in the ethical consumer literature and the conceptualization of ethical consumer behavior. In addition, several areas for future research (...)
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  25.  1
    John Skorupski, John Stuart Mill, Alan Ryan & J. M. Robson (1982). An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy. Philosophical Quarterly 32 (127):171.
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  26. Michael Ryan (2001). Journalistic Ethics, Objectivity, Existential Journalism, Standpoint Epistemology, and Public Journalism. Journal of Mass Media Ethics 16 (1):3 – 22.
    Objective journalism is blamed frequently for all sorts of journalistic failures and weaknesses, but the critiques typically are flawed because their authors fail to understand objectivity or to define it precisely. This defense of objective journalism defines objectivity and suggests that it is indispensable in a free society, summarizes major critiques of and alternatives to objectivity, and proposes that critics and defenders might serve journalism best by seeking common ground.
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  27. Cheyney C. Ryan (1983). Self-Defense, Pacifism, and the Possibility of Killing. Ethics 93 (3):508-524.
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  28.  41
    Cheyney Ryan (2013). Pacifism, Just War, and Self-Defense. Philosophia 41 (4):1-29.
    This essay distinguishes two main forms of pacifism, personal pacifism and political pacifism. It then contrasts the views on self-defense of political pacifism and just war (...)theory, paying special attention to notions of the state and sovereignty. (shrink)
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  29.  12
    Cynthia Clark Williams & Lori Verstegen Ryan (2007). Courting Shareholders: The Ethical Implications of Altering Corporate Ownership Structures. Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):669-688.
    The relationship between corporate executives and shareholders has riveted the attention of business ethicists since the inception of the field. Most ethicists agree that corporate executives owe their investors the duties of loyalty, candor, and care. These fiduciary duties undergird the promises made to shareholders at the time of incorporation, placing on executives moral obligations to engage in fair dealing and to avoid conflicts of interest.We concur that executives owe all of their existing shareholders both promise-keeping and fiduciary duties and (...)
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  30.  48
    Cheyney Ryan (2011). Democratic Duty and the Moral Dilemmas of Soldiers. Ethics 122 (1):10-42.
  31.  29
    Leo V. Ryan (2006). Current Ethical Issues in Polish HRM. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2-3):273-290.
    Contemporary HRM was introduced into Poland by the arrival of international corporations with their professional systems of Human Resource Management, which emphasizes ethical personnel management. This research is based on data collected from a questionnaire and interview of 40 women and men professional graduates of the 2004 Weekend MBA Program at Poznan University of Economics eliciting their perceptions of ethical issues in Polish HRM. The present Polish economic situation, with 19% unemployment, precipitates many ethical challenges. The questionnaire and interviews resulted (...)
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  32.  1
    Lori Verstegen Ryan & Marguerite Schneider (2003). Institutional Investor Power and Heterogeneity Implications for Agency and Stakeholder Theories. Business and Society 42 (4):398-429.
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  33. Mark Ryan & Pierre-Yves Schobbens (1995). Belief Revision and Verisimilitude. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 36 (1):15-29.
    The Egli-Milner power-ordering is used to define verisimilitude orderings on theories from preference orderings on models. The effects of the definitions on constraints such as stopperedness and soundness are explored. Orderings on theories are seen to contain more information than orderings on models. Belief revision is defined in terms of both types of orderings, and conditions are given which make the two notions coincide.
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  34.  9
    Alex J. Ryan (2007). Emergence is Coupled to Scope, Not Level. Complexity 13 (2):67-77.
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  35.  16
    Todd Ryan (2012). Hume's" Malezieu Argument". Hume Studies 38 (1):105-118.
    At T 1.2.2.3 Hume offers an argument against the infinite divisibility of finite extension, which he ascribes to “Mons. Malezieu.” Scholars have long been aware that the ultimate source of the argument is the Élémens de Géométrie de Monseigneur le Duc de Bourgogne, first published in 1705. Although the argument has figured prominently in several recent discussions of Hume’s metaphysics, there exists as yet no adequate English translation of Malezieu’s text. Furthermore, very little is known about Hume’s immediate sources for (...)
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  36.  9
    Christopher James Ryan & Sascha Callaghan (2014). Treatment Refusal in Anorexia Nervosa: The Hardest of Cases. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):43-45.
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  37. Dan Ryan (2006). Getting the Word Out: Notes on the Social Organization of Notification. Sociological Theory 24 (3):228 - 254.
    Even when the timing, sequence, and manner of notification are instrumentally inconsequential, how one conveys information affects the meaning of the telling. This article introduces the concepts of "notification norms" and the "information order," showing how the former constrain the behavior of nodes in social networks as well as enabling manipulation of the relationships that comprise those networks. "Notification" is defined as information transmission motivated by role obligations and notification norms as social rules that govern such transmission. These rules produce (...)
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  38.  29
    Francis A. Ryan (1946). The Harvard Report and American Education. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):475-492.
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  39.  15
    Janette Ryan & Kam Louie (2007). False Dichotomy? 'Western' and 'Confucian' Concepts of Scholarship and Learning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (4):404–417.
  40. Alan Ryan (2004). Intellectual Courage. Social Research: An International Quarterly 71 (1):13-28.
     
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  41. Todd Ryan (2009). Pierre Bayle's Cartesian Metaphysics: Rediscovering Early Modern Philosophy. Routledge.
    Bayle and Cartesianism -- Mind-body dualism -- Critique of Lockean superaddition -- The problem of causation -- Leibniz and the pre-established harmony -- Spinoza's monism -- Mechanism and natural theology.
     
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  42.  20
    William F. Ryan (1927). The Philosophy of Sanity. Modern Schoolman 3 (6):87-88.
    PARTICULAR point is given Mr. Ryan's study of the in philosophy of sanity by reason of the recent forward strides medical science has made in cures forsanity, Hygeia for September reports cures in "nervous" hospitals running as high as 40%. The disease is no longer a mysterious "divine visitation." The Editor.
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  43.  58
    Salvador Ryan (2012). Some Reflections on Theology and Popular Piety: A Fruitful or Fraught Relationship? Heythrop Journal 53 (5):961-971.
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  44. James A. Ryan (2003). Moral Relativism and the Argument From Disagreement. Journal of Social Philosophy 34 (3):377–386.
  45.  51
    John C. Ryan, Cultural Botany: Toward a Model of Transdisciplinary, Embodied, and Poetic Research Into Plants.
    Since the eighteenth century, the study of plants has reflected an increasingly mechanized and technological view of the natural world that divides the humanities and the natual sciences. In broad terms, this article proposes a context for research into flora through an interrogation of existing literature addressing a rapprochement between ways to knowledge. The natureculture dichotomy, and more specifically the plant-to-human sensory disjunction, follows a parallel course of resolution to the schism between objective (technical, scientific, reductionistic, visual) and subjective (emotive, (...)
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  46.  22
    Shane Ryan (2014). A HUMEAN ACCOUNT OF TESTIMONIAL JUSTIFICATION. Logos and Episteme 5.
    I argue that a Humean account can make sense of the phenomenology associated with testimonial justification; the phenomenology being that in standard cases hearers regularly simply accept a testifier’s assertions as true – hearers don't engage in monitoring. The upshot is that a Humean account is in a better position dialectically than is usually supposed. I provide some background to the debate before setting out two challenges facing accounts of testimonial justification. The first challenge is to provide an account that (...)
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  47.  65
    Sharon Ryan (1991). The Preface Paradox. Philosophical Studies 64 (3):293-307.
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  48.  51
    Todd Ryan (2006). A New Account of Berkeley's Likeness Principle. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (4):561 – 580.
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  49. C. J. Ryan (1996). Betting Your Life: An Argument Against Certain Advance Directives. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (2):95-99.
    In the last decade the use of advance directives or living wills has become increasingly common. This paper is concerned with those advance directives in which the user opts for withdrawal of active treatment in a future situation where he or she is incompetent to consent to conservative management but where that incompetence is potentially reversible. This type of directive assumes that the individual is able accurately to determine the type of treatment he or she would have adopted had he (...)
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  50.  23
    Carl J. Ryan (1938). Parents, State, and Education. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):82-95.
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