Search results for 'der Steen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1996). Screening-Off and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115 - 121.score: 240.0
    Sober (1992) and Brandon et al. (1994) disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  2. Wim J. Van Der Steen (2000). Science, Religion, and Experience. International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.score: 240.0
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  3. Wim J. Van der Steen (1998). Forging Links Between Philosophy, Ethics, and the Life Sciences: A Tale of Disciplines and Trenches. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (2):233 - 248.score: 240.0
    Philosophy of medicine and its daughter bioethics seldom undertake a critical analysis of live medical science. That is a serious shortcoming since some forms of bias in medical science have a negative impact on health care. Most notably, many areas of medicine focus on a restricted area of biology to the exclusion of ecology. Ecological thinking should lead to fundamental changes in medicine and the philosophy of medicine.
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  4. Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445 - 467.score: 240.0
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  5. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger & Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). Experiment, Differenz Schrift: Zur Geschichte Epistemiscber/Dinge. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.score: 240.0
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  6. Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). New Ways to Look at Fitness. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479 - 492.score: 240.0
    Many authors have argued that the core of evolutionary biology as represented by the catchphrase 'The fittest survive' is tautological. Concerning the fitness concept of population genetics it is easy to rebut this charge by a proper explication of the term 'survival'. In biology and in the philosophy of biology, various fitness concepts over and above that of population genetics have been elaborated. These concepts, which are called 'supervenient' by some philosophers, have a limited usefulness. On some interpretations they do (...)
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  7. Elisabeth A. Lloyd (1987). Response to Sloep and Van der Steen. Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):23-26.score: 150.0
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  8. Lino Enrique Paula (2002). Wim J. Van der Steen and Vincent K.J. Ho (2001). Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1).score: 150.0
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  9. Thomas Reydon (2001). Wim J. Van der Steen (2000). Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3).score: 150.0
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  10. Richard J. Blackwell (2001). Van der Steen, Wim J. Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):950-951.score: 150.0
  11. Barry Hoffmaster (1989). WJ Van Der Steen and PJ Thung, Faces of Medicine Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (8):341-344.score: 150.0
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  12. Steen Olaf Welding (2013). Ist die ethische Disjunktion Determinismus oder Indeterminismus lösbar? Eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff der Handlung. Archiv Fuer Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 99 (4):556-563.score: 36.0
    It seems that actions are perceived from two different perspectives: on the one hand by the agent of the action and on the other hand by the observer. The latter perspective appears to be more reliable because of inter-subjective observations. Hence, determinists argue that actions can be causally explained by events, whereas the indeterminists claim that actions are acausal events. If e.g. Mary opens the door, we observe her behaviour but not her action; for it is not clear to us (...)
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  13. Steen Olaf Welding (1984). Die Struktur der Begründung Wissenschaftlicher Prognosen. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 15 (1):72-91.score: 36.0
    Summary Influenced by the account of K. Popper and, moreover, of C. G. Hempel and P. Oppenheim, it is generally assumed, that a prediction can be logically deduced from hypotheses, i. e. lawlike propositions, and initial conditions. It is not clear, in which respect a prediction can correctly be supposed to be a proposition which is either true or false. From a logical point of view, serious difficulties arise in assuming that the deductive-nomological model consists of a valid argument. Further (...)
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  14. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1995). Egoism and Altruism in Ethics: Dispensing with Spurious Generality. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.score: 30.0
    Is human behavior exclusively motivated by self-interest? Common sense indicates that we should flatly deny this, or so it seems to me. Yet the doctrine of universal self-interest, psychological egoism for short, has gained the support of many researchers in science. Common sense also seems to allow the rejection of ethical egoism, the doctrine that human behavior should be motivated exclusively by self-interest. It appears to be at variance with widely endorsed moralities. Yet it is a perennial subject of research (...)
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  15. H. Looren De Jong & W. J. Van Der Steen (1998). Biological Thinking in Evolutionary Psychology: Rockbottom or Quicksand? Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183 – 205.score: 30.0
    Evolutionary psychology is put forward by its defenders as an extension of evolutionary biology, bringing psychology within the integrated causal chain of the hard sciences. It is extolled as a new paradigm for integrating psychology with the rest of science. We argue that such claims misrepresent the methods and explanations of evolutionary biology, and present a distorted view of the consequences that might be drawn from evolutionary biology for views of human nature. General theses about adaptation in biology are empty (...)
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  16. Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XII. Against Evolutionary Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1).score: 30.0
    Evolutionary ethics has recently become popular again. Some of its representatives elaborate new attempts to derive ethics from evolutionary biology. The attempts, like previous ones, fail because they commit the naturalistic fallacy. Premises from evolutionary biology together with normative premises also do not justify ethical principles. Other representatives argue that evolutionary considerations imply that ethics cannot be justified at all. Their arguments presuppose an unacceptable form of foundationalism. In principle, evolutionary biology might explain some aspects of morality, but in practice (...)
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  17. Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XIII. Evolution and Knowledge. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1).score: 30.0
    Evolutionary epistemologists aim to explain the evolution of cognitive capacities underlying human knowledge and also the processes that generate knowledge, for example in science. There can be no doubt that our cognitive capacities are due in part to our evolutionary heritage. But this is an uninformative thesis. All features of organism have indeed been shaped by evolution. A substantive evolutionary explanation of cognition would have to provide details about the evolutionary processes involved. Evolutionary epistemology has not provided any details. Considering (...)
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  18. Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Niche Construction: A Pervasive Force in Evolution? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):162-163.score: 30.0
    Industrial melanism, according to the traditional explanation, amounts to niche construction since it involves changes in predation pressure. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine selection without niche construction. This cannot be what Laland, Odling-Smee & Feldman mean. They offer convincing examples, but they should provide a better definition of “niche construction” to indicate how their view supplements traditional evolutionary biology.
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  19. Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho (2006). Diets and Circadian Rhythms: Challenges From Biology for Medicine. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (4).score: 30.0
    Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gastrointestinal disorders such as stomach ulcers are often treated with drugs. NSAIDs, a common treatment in rheumatoid arthritis, may cause stomach ulcers which call for additional medications, notably antacids in the sense of drugs that suppress acid secretion by the stomach. Infection with Helicobacter pylori also plays a role in the ulcers. The infection is typically treated with antibiotics added to antacids. Considering NSAIDs and antacids, we suspect that overmedication is common to the (...)
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  20. Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.score: 30.0
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  21. Wim J. van der Steen (2003). Assessing Overmedication: Biology, Philosophy and Common Sense. Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3).score: 30.0
    Overmedication is nowadays a serious problem in health care due to influences from the pharmaceutical industry and agencies responsible for regulation. The situation has indeed become appalling in psychiatry, where both theories and treatments have deteriorated under the impact of the industry. The overmedication problem is associated with biased biology in medicine. Adequate biological approaches would indicate that drug therapies must yield to diet therapies, particularly treatments involving omega-3 fatty acids, in many cases. To the extent that philosophy of science (...)
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  22. van der Steen & J. Wim (2003). Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine: Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease. Rodopi.score: 30.0
    Chapter 1 Introduction The man was coughing again. Shocked he was as he discovered that his saliva had a reddish taint. Would he have a lung disease after all? Cancer perhaps? Long ago, relatives of his had died from LC, lung cancer.
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  23. Wim J. van der Steen (2002). Dissolving the Elusiveness of Altruism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):277-278.score: 30.0
    Rachlin provides an impressive integrative view of altruism and selfishness that helps us correct older views. He presents a highly general theory, even though he is aware of context-dependence of key notions, including altruism. The context-dependence should extend much farther than Rachlin allows it to go. We had better replace theoretical notions of altruism and selfishness by common sense.
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  24. Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho (2001). Drugs Versus Diets: Disillusions with Dutch Health Care. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2).score: 30.0
    Biology incorporated into other disciplines is often distorted, alarmingly so in some areas of medicine. Together with other forms of bias, this may have detrimental effects for patients depending on medical research for their health. A case study concerning omeprazole (Losec), one of the acid-suppressive drugs against gastric ulcers, and NSAIDs, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, confirms that distorted biology together with biased health care policies foster disasters in current biomedicine and medical practice. In our country, The Netherlands, omeprazole is presumably the (...)
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  25. Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Evolution and Altruism. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):11-29.score: 30.0
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  26. Wim J. van der Steen (1995). The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.score: 30.0
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  27. W. J. Van Der Steen (1970). The Relation of Biology to Physics and Chemistry — an Evaluation of Some Recent Issues in the Philosophy of Science. Acta Biotheoretica 19 (3-4).score: 30.0
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  28. Janice M. Morse, Carl Mitcham & Wim J. van Der Steen (1998). Compathy or Physical Empathy: Implications for the Caregiver Relationship. Journal of Medical Humanities 19 (1):51-65.score: 30.0
    In this article a case is made for the importance of a previously overlooked phenomenon, physical empathy orcompathy,defined as the physical manifestation of caregiver distress that occurs in the presence of a patient in physical pain or distress. According to the similarity of a caregiver's response to the original symptoms, there can be four types of compathetic response: identical, initiated, transferred, and converted. Controlling for the compathetic response may involve narrowing one's focus and/or changing caregiver attitudes. Finally, we argue that (...)
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  29. Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen (1988). A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science. Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24–32.score: 30.0
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  30. Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. X. Natural Selection Without Selective Agents. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (2).score: 30.0
    On a common view of evolution, natural selection is the major force that produces evolutionary change. Selection is thought to operate on different types (genotypes or phenotypes) in populations so as to generate differential reproductive survival of these types. This should engender changes in population composition. The conception of selection as a "force" should be considered as a convenient shorthand that easily misleads us. Selection is not a factor over and above items such as temperature regimes, predators, and so forth. (...)
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  31. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1996). Screening-Off and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.score: 30.0
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  32. Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen (1996). Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.score: 30.0
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  33. J. T. van Der Steen (2000). Decisions to Treat or Not to Treat Pneumonia in Demented Psychogeriatric Nursing Home Patients: Development of a Guideline. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):114-120.score: 30.0
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  34. Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Bias in Behaviour Genetics: An Ecological Perspective. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4).score: 30.0
    Research in behaviour genetics uncovers causes of behaviour at the population level. For inferences about individuals we also need to know how genes and the environment affect phenotypes. Behaviour genetics fosters a biased view of individual behaviour since it identifies the environment with psychosocial factors and disregards ecology.
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  35. Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XI. Optimal Foraging Theory Revisited. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4).score: 30.0
    Optimality theory, particularly optimal foraging theory (OFT), has spurned controversy over decades. I argue that the controversy results from conceptual pitfalls. The focus in this article is on pitfalls underlying the concept of constraint. Constraints in OFT models are a means to distinguish between possible and impossible behaviours. I argue that the seemingly innocuous notion of (im)possibility is tricky. It is indeed linked here with troublesome philosophical problems concerning free will. To steer away from such problems in OFT, we need (...)
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  36. Wim J. Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4).score: 30.0
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  37. W. J. Van Der Steen (1975). Some Comments on “Reduction”. Acta Biotheoretica 24 (3-4).score: 30.0
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  38. John Beatty (1987). On Behalf of the Semantic View. Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):17-23.score: 30.0
    responses to Sloep and Van der Steen, Biol. Philos. 1987 (2)33.
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  39. Richard M. Burian (1993). Unification and Coherence as Methodological Objectives in the Biological Sciences. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):301-318.score: 30.0
    In this paper I respond to Wim van der Steen''s arguments against the supposed current overemphasis on norms ofcoherence andinterdisciplinary integration in biology. On the normative level, I argue that these aremiddle-range norms which, although they may be misapplied in short-term attempts to solve (temporarily?) intractable problems, play a guiding role in the longer-term treatment of biological problems. This stance is supported by a case study of apartial success story, the development of the one gene — one enzyme hypothesis. (...)
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  40. Wim J. Van Der Steen & R. M. (1989). Letter to the Editor. Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):367-367.score: 30.0
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  41. Wim J. van der Steen (1993). A Practical Philosophy for the Life Sciences. State University of New York Press.score: 30.0
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  42. W. J. Van Der Steen (1971). Hempel's View on Functional Explanation Some Critical Comments. Acta Biotheoretica 20 (3-4).score: 30.0
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  43. Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen (1991). Philosophy of Biology, Faithful or Useful? Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):93-98.score: 30.0
  44. Wim J. Van der Steen (1993). New Ways to Look at Fitness. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479-492.score: 30.0
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  45. W. J. Van Der Steen (1970). Periodic Oviposition in the Freshwater Snail Lymnaea Stagnalis: A New Type of Endogenous Rhythm. Acta Biotheoretica 19 (2).score: 30.0
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  46. W. J. Van Der Steen (1973). Review of M. A. Simon : The Matter of Life. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 22 (3).score: 30.0
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  47. M. C. van der Steen & Peter E. Keller (2013). The ADaptation and Anticipation Model (ADAM) of Sensorimotor Synchronization. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  48. J. T. van der Steen, C. M. P. M. Hertogh, T. de Graas, M. Nakanishi, F. Toscani & M. Arcand (2013). Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of a Family Booklet on Comfort Care in Dementia: Sensitive Topics Revised Before Implementation. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):104-109.score: 30.0
    Introduction Families of patients with dementia may need support in difficult end-of-life decision making. Such guidance may be culturally sensitive. Methods To support families in Canada, a booklet was developed to aid decision making on palliative care issues. For reasons of cost effectiveness and promising effects, we prepared for its implementation in Italy, the Netherlands and Japan. Local teams translated and adapted the booklet to local ethical, legal and medical standards where needed, retaining guidance on palliative care. Using qualitative content (...)
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  49. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1993). Towards Disciplinary Disintegration in Biology. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.score: 30.0
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  50. Huib de JongLooren & Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Biological Thinking in Evolutionary Psychology: Rockbottom or Quicksand? Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183-205.score: 30.0
     
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