Search results for 'der Steen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445 - 467.
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  2.  1
    Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). New Ways to Look at Fitness. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479 - 492.
    Many authors have argued that the core of evolutionary biology as represented by the catchphrase 'The fittest survive' is tautological. Concerning the fitness concept of population genetics it is easy to rebut this charge by a proper explication of the term 'survival'. In biology and in the philosophy of biology, various fitness concepts over and above that of population genetics have been elaborated. These concepts, which are called 'supervenient' by some philosophers, have a limited usefulness. On some interpretations they do (...)
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  3. Wim J. Van der Steen (1995). Facts, Values, and Methodology: A New Approach to Ethics. Brill | Rodopi.
    Science is not value-free and ethics is not fact-free. Science and ethics should be similar, but they are not. The author indicates how research in ethics is to change in the face of this. Ethicists should accommodate empirical work in their programs and they should take heed of methodologies developed in science and philosophy of science. They should abandon the search for a single overarching theory of morality. Controversies in ethics are often spurious for lack of articulate methodological key concepts. (...)
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  4.  4
    Wim J. Van Der Steen (1996). Screening-Off and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  5. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger & Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). Experiment, Differenz Schrift: Zur Geschichte Epistemiscber/Dinge. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  6.  7
    Wim J. Van Der Steen (2000). Science, Religion, and Experience. International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.
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  7.  4
    Wim J. Van der Steen (1998). Forging Links Between Philosophy, Ethics, and the Life Sciences: A Tale of Disciplines and Trenches. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (2):233 - 248.
    Philosophy of medicine and its daughter bioethics seldom undertake a critical analysis of live medical science. That is a serious shortcoming since some forms of bias in medical science have a negative impact on health care. Most notably, many areas of medicine focus on a restricted area of biology to the exclusion of ecology. Ecological thinking should lead to fundamental changes in medicine and the philosophy of medicine.
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  8.  13
    Richard J. Blackwell (2001). Van der Steen, Wim J. Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):950-951.
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  9.  9
    Elisabeth A. Lloyd (1987). Response to Sloep and Van der Steen. Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):23-26.
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  10.  10
    Thomas Reydon (2001). Wim J. Van der Steen (2000). Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3):203-206.
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  11.  11
    Lino Enrique Paula (2002). Wim J. Van der Steen and Vincent K.J. Ho (2001). Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1):73-76.
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  12. Barry Hoffmaster (1989). WJ Van Der Steen and PJ Thung, Faces of Medicine Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (8):341-344.
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  13. Barry Hoffmaster (1989). W.J. Van Der Steen And P.J. Thung, Faces Of Medicine. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 9:341-344.
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  14.  6
    Steen Olaf Welding (2013). Ist die ethische Disjunktion Determinismus oder Indeterminismus lösbar? Eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Begriff der Handlung. Archiv Fuer Rechts- Und Sozialphilosphie 99 (4):556-563.
    It seems that actions are perceived from two different perspectives: on the one hand by the agent of the action and on the other hand by the observer. The latter perspective appears to be more reliable because of inter-subjective observations. Hence, determinists argue that actions can be causally explained by events, whereas the indeterminists claim that actions are acausal events. If e.g. Mary opens the door, we observe her behaviour but not her action; for it is not clear to us (...)
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  15.  9
    Steen Olaf Welding (1984). Die Struktur der Begründung Wissenschaftlicher Prognosen. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 15 (1):72-91.
    Summary Influenced by the account of K. Popper and, moreover, of C. G. Hempel and P. Oppenheim, it is generally assumed, that a prediction can be logically deduced from hypotheses, i. e. lawlike propositions, and initial conditions. It is not clear, in which respect a prediction can correctly be supposed to be a proposition which is either true or false. From a logical point of view, serious difficulties arise in assuming that the deductive-nomological model consists of a valid argument. Further (...)
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  16. C. Ouwendorf (1994). Het probleem van het universele en individuele: realisme, nominalisme, Wittgenstein en de wijsbegeerte der wetsidee. Philosophia Reformata 59 (1):26-57.
    Een belangrijke en steeds terugkerende vraag in de geschiedenis van het wijsgerig denken met betrekking tot het probleem van het universele en individuele is: hoe is het mogelijk dat in een wereld van individuele dingen gezegd kan worden dat de dingen uniek zijn en nochtans gelijkenis met elkaar vertonen en dus kennelijk niet volstrekt uniek zijn. Hoe kunnen we één en dezelfde eigenschap toeschrijven aan onderscheiden dingen. Of zoals door sommigen bij voorkeur geformuleerd: Hoe kunnen we één en hetzelfde prediceren (...)
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  17. Steen Tullberg & Richard Purkarthofer (2004). Die Rezeption der Philosophischen Brocken in Skandinavien. Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2004.
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  18.  11
    René van Woudenberg & Joelle Rothuizen-van der Steen (forthcoming). Science and the Ethics of Belief. An Examination of Philipse’s ‘Rule R’. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-14.
    It has recently been argued that the following Rule should be part of any characterization of science: Claims concerning specific disputed facts should be endorsed only if they are sufficiently supported by the application of validated methods of research or discovery, and moreover that acceptance of this Rule should lead one to reject religious belief. This paper argues, first, that the Rule, as stated, should not be accepted as it suffers from a number of problems. And second, that even if (...)
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  19.  13
    Richard M. Burian (1993). Unification and Coherence as Methodological Objectives in the Biological Sciences. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):301-318.
    In this paper I respond to Wim van der Steen''s arguments against the supposed current overemphasis on norms ofcoherence andinterdisciplinary integration in biology. On the normative level, I argue that these aremiddle-range norms which, although they may be misapplied in short-term attempts to solve (temporarily?) intractable problems, play a guiding role in the longer-term treatment of biological problems. This stance is supported by a case study of apartial success story, the development of the one gene — one enzyme hypothesis. (...)
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  20.  7
    Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen (1996). Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.
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  21.  2
    Wim J. Van Der Steen (1993). Towards Disciplinary Disintegration in Biology. Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):259-275.
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  22.  75
    Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.
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  23.  25
    H. Looren De Jong & W. J. Van Der Steen (1998). Biological Thinking in Evolutionary Psychology: Rockbottom or Quicksand? Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183 – 205.
    Evolutionary psychology is put forward by its defenders as an extension of evolutionary biology, bringing psychology within the integrated causal chain of the hard sciences. It is extolled as a new paradigm for integrating psychology with the rest of science. We argue that such claims misrepresent the methods and explanations of evolutionary biology, and present a distorted view of the consequences that might be drawn from evolutionary biology for views of human nature. General theses about adaptation in biology are empty (...)
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  24.  87
    Wim J. Van Der Steen (1995). Egoism and Altruism in Ethics: Dispensing with Spurious Generality. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.
    Is human behavior exclusively motivated by self-interest? Common sense indicates that we should flatly deny this, or so it seems to me. Yet the doctrine of universal self-interest, psychological egoism for short, has gained the support of many researchers in science. Common sense also seems to allow the rejection of ethical egoism, the doctrine that human behavior should be motivated exclusively by self-interest. It appears to be at variance with widely endorsed moralities. Yet it is a perennial subject of research (...)
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  25.  12
    John Beatty (1987). On Behalf of the Semantic View. Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):17-23.
    responses to Sloep and Van der Steen, Biol. Philos. 1987 (2)33.
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  26.  14
    Wim J. van der Steen (1991). Natural Selection as Natural History. Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):41-44.
  27. A. W. Musschenga & Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Reasoning in Ethics and Law the Role of Theory, Principles and Facts. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  28.  12
    Wim J. Van Der Steen & R. M. (1989). Letter to the Editor. Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):367-367.
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  29.  6
    Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen (1988). A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science. Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24–32.
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  30. W. J. Van der Steen (1997). Methods and Systematic Reflections-An Essay On'life': Limitations of Science in the Search for Ultimate Meaning. Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20 (4):265-281.
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  31.  11
    Wim J. Van Der Steen (1996). Screening-Off and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115-121.
    Sober and Brandon et al. disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  32. Mark van Twist, Martijn van der Steen en Philip & Marcel Karré (forthcoming). Als burgers het heft in eigen handen nemen: van representatieve naar doe-het-zelf democratie1. Res Publica.
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  33.  12
    Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Bias in Behaviour Genetics: An Ecological Perspective. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4):369-377.
    Research in behaviour genetics uncovers causes of behaviour at the population level. For inferences about individuals we also need to know how genes and the environment affect phenotypes. Behaviour genetics fosters a biased view of individual behaviour since it identifies the environment with psychosocial factors and disregards ecology.
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  34. Wim van der Steen (1990). Interdisciplinary Integration in Biology? Acta Biotheoretica 38 (1):23-36.
    Philosophical theories about reduction and integration in science are at variance with what is happenign in science. A realistic approach to science show that possibilities for reduction and integration are limited. The classical ideal of a unified science has since long been rejected in philosophy. But the current emphasis on interdisciplinary integration in philosophy and in science shows that it survives in a different guise. It is necessary to redress the balance, specifically in biology. Methodological analysis shows that many of (...)
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  35.  10
    J. T. van der Steen, C. M. P. M. Hertogh, T. de Graas, M. Nakanishi, F. Toscani & M. Arcand (2013). Translation and Cross-Cultural Adaptation of a Family Booklet on Comfort Care in Dementia: Sensitive Topics Revised Before Implementation. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):104-109.
    Introduction Families of patients with dementia may need support in difficult end-of-life decision making. Such guidance may be culturally sensitive. Methods To support families in Canada, a booklet was developed to aid decision making on palliative care issues. For reasons of cost effectiveness and promising effects, we prepared for its implementation in Italy, the Netherlands and Japan. Local teams translated and adapted the booklet to local ethical, legal and medical standards where needed, retaining guidance on palliative care. Using qualitative content (...)
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  36. Wim J. van der Steen (1988). With Commentary. Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):217.
     
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  37.  35
    Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XII. Against Evolutionary Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1):41-57.
    Evolutionary ethics has recently become popular again. Some of its representatives elaborate new attempts to derive ethics from evolutionary biology. The attempts, like previous ones, fail because they commit the naturalistic fallacy. Premises from evolutionary biology together with normative premises also do not justify ethical principles. Other representatives argue that evolutionary considerations imply that ethics cannot be justified at all. Their arguments presuppose an unacceptable form of foundationalism. In principle, evolutionary biology might explain some aspects of morality, but in practice (...)
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  38.  1
    Patsy Haccou & Wim van der Steen (1992). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. Acta Biotheoretica 40 (4):285-295.
    One of the major criticisms of optimal foraging theory is that it is not testable. In discussions of this criticism opposing parties have confused methodological concepts and used meaningless biological concepts. In this paper we discuss such misunderstandings and show that OFr has an empirically testable, and even well-confirmed, general core theory. One of our main conclusions is that specific model testing should not be aimed at ‘proving’ optimality, but rather at identifying the context in which certain types of behaviour (...)
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  39. Wim J. van der Steen & P. J. Thung (1988). Faces of Medicine a Philosophical Study.
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  40.  30
    Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XIII. Evolution and Knowledge. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1):73-84.
    Evolutionary epistemologists aim to explain the evolution of cognitive capacities underlying human knowledge and also the processes that generate knowledge, for example in science. There can be no doubt that our cognitive capacities are due in part to our evolutionary heritage. But this is an uninformative thesis. All features of organism have indeed been shaped by evolution. A substantive evolutionary explanation of cognition would have to provide details about the evolutionary processes involved. Evolutionary epistemology has not provided any details. Considering (...)
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  41. Wim van der Steen (1997). Faculties of Biology and Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, "An Essay on 'Life: Limitations of Science in the Search for Ultimate Meaning". Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20 (4).
     
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  42.  1
    Wim van der Steen & Bart Voorzanger (1986). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology VII. The Species Plague. Acta Biotheoretica 35 (3):205-221.
    Various philosophers and evolutionary biologists have recently defended the thesis that species are individuals rather than sets. A decade of debates, however, did not suffice to settle the matter. Conceptual analysis shows that many of the key terms involved are ambiguous. Current disagreements should dissolve once this is recognized. Explication of the concepts involved leads to new programs for philosophical research. It could also help biology by showing how extant controversies concerning evolution may have conceptual rather than factual roots.
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  43.  1
    Wim J. Van der Steen (1993). New Ways to Look at Fitness. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479-492.
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  44.  1
    Wim Van der Steen & Martin Scholten (1985). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology IV. Stress and Stress Tolerance, an Excercise in Definitions. Acta Biotheoretica 34 (1):81-90.
    Grime in a recently developed theory distinguished three basic plant strategies: stress tolerance,ruderality and competition. He relates them to environments characterized in terms of stress and disturbance. Classifications of strategies and environments both are ultimately defined in terms of production. This tends to make the theory tautological. If the theory is to make sense, environments had better be defined in independent terms.
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  45.  6
    W. J. Van Der Steen (1973). Review of M. A. Simon : The Matter of Life. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 22 (3).
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  46.  6
    Wim J. Van Der Steen & R. M. (1989). Letter to the Editor. Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):367-367.
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  47.  16
    J. T. van Der Steen (2000). Decisions to Treat or Not to Treat Pneumonia in Demented Psychogeriatric Nursing Home Patients: Development of a Guideline. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):114-120.
    Non-treatment decisions concerning demented patients are complex: in addition to issues concerning the health of patients, ethical and legal issues are involved. This paper describes a method for the development of a guideline that clarifies the steps to be taken in the decision making process whether to forgo curative treatment of pneumonia in psychogeriatric nursing home patients.The method of development consisted of seven steps. Step 1 was a literature study from which ethical, juridical and medical factors concerning the patient's health (...)
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  48.  13
    Wim J. van der Steen (1995). The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  49.  17
    W. J. Van Der Steen (1970). The Relation of Biology to Physics and Chemistry — an Evaluation of Some Recent Issues in the Philosophy of Science. Acta Biotheoretica 19 (3-4):186-211.
  50.  19
    Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen (1991). Philosophy of Biology, Faithful or Useful? Biology and Philosophy 6 (1):93-98.
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