Search results for 'der Steen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wim J. Van der Steen (1998). Forging Links Between Philosophy, Ethics, and the Life Sciences: A Tale of Disciplines and Trenches. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (2):233 - 248.score: 120.0
    Philosophy of medicine and its daughter bioethics seldom undertake a critical analysis of live medical science. That is a serious shortcoming since some forms of bias in medical science have a negative impact on health care. Most notably, many areas of medicine focus on a restricted area of biology to the exclusion of ecology. Ecological thinking should lead to fundamental changes in medicine and the philosophy of medicine.
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  2. Wim J. Van Der Steen (2000). Science, Religion, and Experience. International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (3):339-349.score: 120.0
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  3. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1996). Screening-Off and Natural Selection. Philosophy of Science 63 (1):115 - 121.score: 120.0
    Sober (1992) and Brandon et al. (1994) disagree about the role of screening-off in the appraisal of theories of natural selection. Some problems disregarded by them are unearthed in this discussion note.
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  4. Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445 - 467.score: 120.0
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  5. Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). New Ways to Look at Fitness. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):479 - 492.score: 120.0
    Many authors have argued that the core of evolutionary biology as represented by the catchphrase 'The fittest survive' is tautological. Concerning the fitness concept of population genetics it is easy to rebut this charge by a proper explication of the term 'survival'. In biology and in the philosophy of biology, various fitness concepts over and above that of population genetics have been elaborated. These concepts, which are called 'supervenient' by some philosophers, have a limited usefulness. On some interpretations they do (...)
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  6. Lino Enrique Paula (2002). Wim J. Van der Steen and Vincent K.J. Ho (2001). Methods and Morals in the Life Sciences: A Guide for Analyzing and Writing Texts. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 50 (1).score: 45.0
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  7. Elisabeth A. Lloyd (1987). Response to Sloep and Van der Steen. Biology and Philosophy 2 (1):23-26.score: 45.0
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  8. Thomas Reydon (2001). Wim J. Van der Steen (2000). Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (3).score: 45.0
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  9. Richard J. Blackwell (2001). Van der Steen, Wim J. Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis. Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):950-951.score: 45.0
  10. Barry Hoffmaster (1989). WJ Van Der Steen and PJ Thung, Faces of Medicine Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 9 (8):341-344.score: 45.0
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  11. Dr Henrik Kessler (2003). Die philosophische Diskursethik und das Ulmer Modell der Ethikseminare. Ethik in der Medizin 15 (4):258-267.score: 21.0
    In diesem Artikel geht es um die Beziehungen zwischen der von Jürgen Habermas entwickelten Diskursethik und den Studierendenseminaren, die der Ulmer Arbeitskreis „Ethik in der Medizin“ veranstaltet. Zunächst erfolgt eine Darstellung der Kernaussagen der philosophischen Diskursethik. Sie liefert eine formale Argumentationsprozedur, mit der es möglich ist, die Legitimität strittig gewordener Normen im Diskurs zu prüfen. Anschließend wird das in Ulm von Baitsch und Sponholz entwickelte Modell der Seminare „Ethische Entscheidungskonflikte im ärztlichen Alltag“ vorgestellt. Da sich die Ulmer Seminare unter anderem (...)
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  12. Irina Medau, Ralf J. Jox & Stella Reiter-Theil (2012). Behandlungsfehler in der Psychotherapie: ein empirischer Beitrag zum Fehlerbegriff und seinen ethischen Aspekten. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 26 (1):1-16.score: 21.0
    Behandlungsfehler in der Psychotherapie sind bisher kaum erforscht. Eine empirisch gestützte Kategorisierung von Behandlungsfehlern stellt einen ersten Schritt dar, sich evidenzbasierten ethischen Empfehlungen zum Umgang mit solchen Fehlern zu nähern. Zielsetzung dieser Arbeit ist es, dafür erste Grundlagen zu erarbeiten, die auf Erfahrungen von Praktikern Bezug nehmen. Nach einer systematischen Literaturrecherche wurden 30 semistrukturierte Interviews mit approbierten Psychotherapeuten unterschiedlicher Ausrichtungen (Schulen) geführt und anhand der qualitativen Inhaltsanalyse nach Mayring ausgewertet. Die beschriebenen, alltäglich auftretenden Behandlungsfehler konnten in technische, normative, Einschätzungs- und (...)
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  13. Wolfgang Strube, Mona Pfeiffer & Florian Steger (2011). Moralische Positionen, medizinethische Kenntnisse und Motivation im Laufe des Medizinstudiums – Ergebnisse einer Querschnittsstudie an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Ethik in der Medizin 23 (3):201-216.score: 21.0
    Der Unterricht in Medizinethik soll Medizinstudierenden die Grundlagen dafür vermitteln, in ihrer zukünftigen ärztlichen Tätigkeit gute Entscheidungen treffen zu können. Im Rahmen einer Panelstudie wird derzeit die Entwicklung moralischer Positionen, medizinethischer Kenntnisse und Motivationen von Medizinstudierenden der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München über den Verlauf des Studiums untersucht. Für die Datenerhebung wurde ein Fragebogen entwickelt, der medizinethische Positionen und Kenntnisse sowie Motivationen erfasst. Im Wintersemester 2009/10 wurde die erste Querschnittsuntersuchung mit Studierenden im 1., 3. und 8. Semester sowie im Praktischen Jahr durchgeführt. Die (...)
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  14. Urban Wiesing (2005). Ethische Aspekte einer Begrenzung der ärztlichen Arbeitszeit. Ethik in der Medizin 17 (3):220-228.score: 21.0
    Der Beitrag untersucht die ethischen Konflikte, die einer Regelung der Arbeitszeit von Ärzten zugrunde liegen. Als oberstes ethisches Prinzip ist die Vermeidung von Schäden zu beachten, die durch Überarbeitung der Ärzte sowie durch übermäßige Aufteilung der Arbeit entstehen. Zudem sind andere ethische Prinzipien zu berücksichtigen, insbesondere die Schadensvermeidung und Nutzenmehrung für zukünftige Patienten sowie für die Ärzte. Der Beitrag begründet Präferenzen bei konfligierenden ethischen Prinzipien und untersucht überdies die strukturellen Schwierigkeiten, die unvermeidlich bei der Regelung einer komplexen Tätigkeit, wie der (...)
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  15. Patrick Grüneberg (2006). Kommentar zu Fichtes Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre. Fichte-Studien 26:159-164.score: 18.0
    Mit dem 19. Band der Fichte-Studien-Supplementa legen Wolfgang Class und Alois K. Soller den ersten Kommentar dieser Art zu Fichtes Grundlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre (kurz: Grundlage) vor. Auf den 571 Seiten werden der Titel, die Vorrede und die drei Teile der Grundlage Satz für Satz, wenn nicht gar Wort für Wort, kommentiert. Inbegriffen ist ein ausführliches Verzeichnis der benutzten Literatur, ein Sachregister zum Fichte-Text und ein Verzeichnis der zitierten Arbeiten Fichtes.
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  16. Siglind Bruhn (2010). Explorations of Universal Order and Beauty in Paul Hindemith's Symphony Die Harmonie der Welt. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 21 (39).score: 18.0
    On 11 August 1957, the Munich Opera Festival premiered a recently completed opera by the celebrated German composer Paul Hindemith, Die Harmonie der Welt. Hindemith bases the dramaturgical and musical features of this opera on the scientific and spiritual content found in the writings of the 17th-century mathematician, astronomer and philosopher Johannes Kepler. Six years before he started working on this opera, the composer responded to a commission received from the Swiss conductor and patron of contemporary composers, Paul Sacher, by (...)
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  17. Felice Masi (2012). Il verso della dissoluzione e quello della caduta. Notizie sull'orientamento architettonico tra Th. Lipps e H. van der Laan. [REVIEW] Aisthesis. Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 5 (2).score: 18.0
    The paper aims at drawing the main lines of a reflection about architectonic space, starting from the comparison between two hypothesis, as much as ever different: Theodor Lipps’ spatial aesthetics and Hans van der Laan’s elemental theory. The emphasis given by both authors to the intersection between directions and way, but also to the mutual subordination between thing and space, allows to rewrite the obituary of architecture as a spatial art, according to which the Modern Style has turned the spatiality (...)
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  18. Patrick Grüneberg (2009). Kommentar gegen und über den ersten Grundsatz der Fichtischen Wissenschaftslehre nebst einem Epilog wider das Fichtisch-idealistische System. Fichte-Studien 33:289-290.score: 18.0
    Mi der Herausgabe von Christian Friedrich Boehmes Kommentar ueber und gegen den ersten Grundsatz der Fichtischen Wissenschaftslehre erscheint der Neudruck einer 1802 verfaßten textanalytischen Untersuchung eines der zentralen Theoreme der Jenaer Philosophie Fichtes. Boehme beabsichtigt, eine Analyse des setzenden Ich der Grundlage zu geben, die die Unzureichendheit dieses Prinzips zur Begruendung von Wissen und damit auch der Philosophie selbst klar macht.
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  19. Gregor Schiemann (1992). Totalität oder Zweckmäßigkeit? Kants Ringen mit dem Mannigfaltigen der Erfahrung im Ausgang der Vernunftkritik. Kant-Studien 83 (3):294-303.score: 18.0
    Die noch im "Anhang zur transzendentalen Dialektik" der Kritik der reinen Vernunft vorgenommene transzendentale Deduktion der Ideen - von Kant als "die Vollendung des kritischen Geschäftes der reinen Vernunft" (B 698) bezeichnet - wird als Reaktion gegen ein zuvor bedrohlich auftretendes Mannigfaltiges der Erfahrung interpretiert. Als Stärkung der totalisierenden Funktionen der Vernunft entspricht diese Maßnahme zwar der in der Kritik entwickelten Theorie der Erfahrung, gefährdet aber zugleich die Balance zwischen Mannigfaltigkeit und Einheit der Erfahrung. In einem alternativen, in der Kritik (...)
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  20. Weyma Lübbe (2001). Veralltäglichung der Triage? Ethik in der Medizin 13 (3):148-160.score: 18.0
    Definition of the problem: In disaster medicine, allocation of scarce resources to patients (triage) is oriented towards maximizing the number of survivors. In everyday medicine, rationing according to this principle is less accepted and may even be scandalized because it discriminates against ”expensive” patients. How is the difference to be accounted for, and will it remain stable? Arguments: It is argued that utilitarian aggregation (be it of pain or of deaths) is not morally respectable as such. Acceptance of triage in (...)
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  21. Hans Günther Ruß (2002). Aktive Sterbehilfe: Ungereimtheiten in der Euthanasie-Debatte. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin 14 (1):11-19.score: 18.0
    Definition of the problem: Concerning the debate on euthanasia, a widely held position is that it should be accepted in its so-called passive and indirect form, while so-called active euthanasia should be rejected. The problem, now, is that at least some of the usual arguments to defend this view are invalid. Arguments: Three kinds of failures are examinded: First, if taken seriously, some of the arguments against active euthanasia undermine the accepted passive and indirect forms, too. For example, this is (...)
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  22. Kurt von Siebenthal & Ruth Baumann-Hölzle (1999). Ein Interdisziplinäres Modell Zur Urteilsbildung für Medizin-Ethische Fragestellungen in der Neonatalen Intensivmedizin. Ethik in der Medizin 11 (4):233-245.score: 18.0
    Definition of the problem: The following article presents the model for a structured decision-making process in intensive neonatal care. The model has been developed during the last 3 years by an interdisciplinary group of physicians, nurses and a hospital minister under the guidance of an ethicist. The model is an alternative to the decision-making process either through static guidelines and rules or through situational ethics with no general rules at all. The model is meant to be a realm of security (...)
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  23. Daniel Cohnitz (2007). Science (of) Fiction: Zur Zukunft des Gedankenexperiments in der Philosophie des Geistes. In P. Spät (ed.), Zur Zukunft der Philosophie des Geistes. Mentis.score: 15.0
    Egal was der heutige Tag auch bringen mag, der 1. April 2063 wird zumindest als der Tag in die Geschichte des Wissenschaftsjournalismus eingehen, der die bisher aufwändigste Berichterstattung erfahren hat. So viele Kamerateams, wie hier vor den Toren der Australian National University in Canberra, hat bisher kein wissenschaftliches Experiment anziehen können. Selbst der Knüller des Vorjahres, als es einer 48jährigen Hausfrau in einem Vorort von London gelang, mit einfachsten Küchenutensilien einen kleinen Kalte-Fusion-Reaktor herzustellen, der den Staubsauger und die Mikrowelle zuverlässig (...)
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  24. Wim J. Van Der Steen (1995). Egoism and Altruism in Ethics: Dispensing with Spurious Generality. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):31-44.score: 15.0
    Is human behavior exclusively motivated by self-interest? Common sense indicates that we should flatly deny this, or so it seems to me. Yet the doctrine of universal self-interest, psychological egoism for short, has gained the support of many researchers in science. Common sense also seems to allow the rejection of ethical egoism, the doctrine that human behavior should be motivated exclusively by self-interest. It appears to be at variance with widely endorsed moralities. Yet it is a perennial subject of research (...)
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  25. Susanne Bobzien (1988). Die Kategorien Der Freiheit Bei Kant (Kant's Categories of Freedom). Kant 1:193-220.score: 15.0
    NOTE: The English translation is listed separately. ABSTRACT: A general interpretation and close textual analysis of Kant’s theory of the categories of freedom (or categories of practical reason) in his Critique of Practical Reason. My main concerns in the paper are the following: (1) I show that Kant’s categories of freedom have primarily three functions: as conditions of the possibility for actions (i) to be free, (ii) to be comprehensible as free and (iii) to be morally evaluated. (2) I show (...)
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  26. H. Looren De Jong & W. J. Van Der Steen (1998). Biological Thinking in Evolutionary Psychology: Rockbottom or Quicksand? Philosophical Psychology 11 (2):183 – 205.score: 15.0
    Evolutionary psychology is put forward by its defenders as an extension of evolutionary biology, bringing psychology within the integrated causal chain of the hard sciences. It is extolled as a new paradigm for integrating psychology with the rest of science. We argue that such claims misrepresent the methods and explanations of evolutionary biology, and present a distorted view of the consequences that might be drawn from evolutionary biology for views of human nature. General theses about adaptation in biology are empty (...)
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  27. Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XIII. Evolution and Knowledge. Acta Biotheoretica 48 (1).score: 15.0
    Evolutionary epistemologists aim to explain the evolution of cognitive capacities underlying human knowledge and also the processes that generate knowledge, for example in science. There can be no doubt that our cognitive capacities are due in part to our evolutionary heritage. But this is an uninformative thesis. All features of organism have indeed been shaped by evolution. A substantive evolutionary explanation of cognition would have to provide details about the evolutionary processes involved. Evolutionary epistemology has not provided any details. Considering (...)
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  28. Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. XII. Against Evolutionary Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1).score: 15.0
    Evolutionary ethics has recently become popular again. Some of its representatives elaborate new attempts to derive ethics from evolutionary biology. The attempts, like previous ones, fail because they commit the naturalistic fallacy. Premises from evolutionary biology together with normative premises also do not justify ethical principles. Other representatives argue that evolutionary considerations imply that ethics cannot be justified at all. Their arguments presuppose an unacceptable form of foundationalism. In principle, evolutionary biology might explain some aspects of morality, but in practice (...)
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  29. Wim J. van der Steen (2000). Niche Construction: A Pervasive Force in Evolution? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):162-163.score: 15.0
    Industrial melanism, according to the traditional explanation, amounts to niche construction since it involves changes in predation pressure. Indeed, it would be difficult to imagine selection without niche construction. This cannot be what Laland, Odling-Smee & Feldman mean. They offer convincing examples, but they should provide a better definition of “niche construction” to indicate how their view supplements traditional evolutionary biology.
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  30. Wim J. van der Steen (2003). Assessing Overmedication: Biology, Philosophy and Common Sense. Acta Biotheoretica 51 (3).score: 15.0
    Overmedication is nowadays a serious problem in health care due to influences from the pharmaceutical industry and agencies responsible for regulation. The situation has indeed become appalling in psychiatry, where both theories and treatments have deteriorated under the impact of the industry. The overmedication problem is associated with biased biology in medicine. Adequate biological approaches would indicate that drug therapies must yield to diet therapies, particularly treatments involving omega-3 fatty acids, in many cases. To the extent that philosophy of science (...)
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  31. Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho (2006). Diets and Circadian Rhythms: Challenges From Biology for Medicine. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (4).score: 15.0
    Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and gastrointestinal disorders such as stomach ulcers are often treated with drugs. NSAIDs, a common treatment in rheumatoid arthritis, may cause stomach ulcers which call for additional medications, notably antacids in the sense of drugs that suppress acid secretion by the stomach. Infection with Helicobacter pylori also plays a role in the ulcers. The infection is typically treated with antibiotics added to antacids. Considering NSAIDs and antacids, we suspect that overmedication is common to the (...)
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  32. Wim J. Van Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4):445-467.score: 15.0
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  33. Stephan Hartmann (1995). Modelle Und Forschungsdynamik: Strategien der Zeitgenössischen Physik. Praxis der Naturwissenschaften - Physik 1:33-41.score: 15.0
    An Beispielen aus der Entwicklung der Elementarteilchenphysik wird aufgezeigt, welche Rolle Modelle im Entstehungsprozess einer physikalischen Theorie spielen.
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  34. Kristian Köchy (1999). Zwischen der „Physik Des Organischen” Und der „Organisierung der Physik”: Überlegungen Zu Gegenstand Und Methode der Biologie. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 30 (1):59 - 85.score: 15.0
    Between Physics of Organism and Organismic Physics: Object and Method of Biology. In the history of biological theory one can observe an oscillation between two tendencies of thinking, namely the biologistic and the physicalistic point of view. Both aim at a general or unified theory of nature that is relevant for scientific research as well as for philosophical reflection. In terms of a pluralistic approach these two ways of theory-formation must be rejected. Biology e.g. as a specific natural science, characterized (...)
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  35. van der Steen & J. Wim (2003). Beyond Boundaries of Biomedicine: Pragmatic Perspectives on Health and Disease. Rodopi.score: 15.0
    Chapter 1 Introduction The man was coughing again. Shocked he was as he discovered that his saliva had a reddish taint. Would he have a lung disease after all? Cancer perhaps? Long ago, relatives of his had died from LC, lung cancer.
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  36. Wim J. van der Steen (2002). Dissolving the Elusiveness of Altruism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):277-278.score: 15.0
    Rachlin provides an impressive integrative view of altruism and selfishness that helps us correct older views. He presents a highly general theory, even though he is aware of context-dependence of key notions, including altruism. The context-dependence should extend much farther than Rachlin allows it to go. We had better replace theoretical notions of altruism and selfishness by common sense.
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  37. Wim J. van der Steen (1999). Evolution and Altruism. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (1):11-29.score: 15.0
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  38. Janice M. Morse, Carl Mitcham & Wim J. van Der Steen (1998). Compathy or Physical Empathy: Implications for the Caregiver Relationship. Journal of Medical Humanities 19 (1):51-65.score: 15.0
    In this article a case is made for the importance of a previously overlooked phenomenon, physical empathy orcompathy,defined as the physical manifestation of caregiver distress that occurs in the presence of a patient in physical pain or distress. According to the similarity of a caregiver's response to the original symptoms, there can be four types of compathetic response: identical, initiated, transferred, and converted. Controlling for the compathetic response may involve narrowing one's focus and/or changing caregiver attitudes. Finally, we argue that (...)
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  39. Wim J. van der Steen & Vincent K. Y. Ho (2001). Drugs Versus Diets: Disillusions with Dutch Health Care. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2).score: 15.0
    Biology incorporated into other disciplines is often distorted, alarmingly so in some areas of medicine. Together with other forms of bias, this may have detrimental effects for patients depending on medical research for their health. A case study concerning omeprazole (Losec), one of the acid-suppressive drugs against gastric ulcers, and NSAIDs, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs, confirms that distorted biology together with biased health care policies foster disasters in current biomedicine and medical practice. In our country, The Netherlands, omeprazole is presumably the (...)
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  40. Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Methodological Problems in Evolutionary Biology. X. Natural Selection Without Selective Agents. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (2).score: 15.0
    On a common view of evolution, natural selection is the major force that produces evolutionary change. Selection is thought to operate on different types (genotypes or phenotypes) in populations so as to generate differential reproductive survival of these types. This should engender changes in population composition. The conception of selection as a "force" should be considered as a convenient shorthand that easily misleads us. Selection is not a factor over and above items such as temperature regimes, predators, and so forth. (...)
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  41. W. J. Van Der Steen (1970). The Relation of Biology to Physics and Chemistry — an Evaluation of Some Recent Issues in the Philosophy of Science. Acta Biotheoretica 19 (3-4).score: 15.0
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  42. Wim J. van der Steen (1998). Bias in Behaviour Genetics: An Ecological Perspective. Acta Biotheoretica 46 (4).score: 15.0
    Research in behaviour genetics uncovers causes of behaviour at the population level. For inferences about individuals we also need to know how genes and the environment affect phenotypes. Behaviour genetics fosters a biased view of individual behaviour since it identifies the environment with psychosocial factors and disregards ecology.
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  43. Wim J. van der Steen (1995). The Demise of Monism and Pluralism in Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 17 (2):209-220.score: 15.0
    Peter Wenz has recently distinguished various forms of moral pluralism in an effort to dissolve the controversy over monism and pluralism. I argue that the distinctions are not really helpful once the methodology and the substance of science are brought to bear on ethics. Theories in ethics and science alike are subject to context-dependent methodological trade-offs. Hence, the category of theories should be heterogeneous. Monism and pluralism are at cross-purposes since they endorse different unanalyzed notions of theory. Awareness of heterogeneity (...)
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  44. Wim J. Der Steen & Harmke Kamminga (1991). Laws and Natural History in Biology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (4).score: 15.0
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  45. J. T. van Der Steen (2000). Decisions to Treat or Not to Treat Pneumonia in Demented Psychogeriatric Nursing Home Patients: Development of a Guideline. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):114-120.score: 15.0
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  46. Peter B. Sloep & Wim J. van der Steen (1988). A Natural Alliance of Teaching and Philosophy of Science. Educational Philosophy and Theory 20 (2):24–32.score: 15.0
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  47. Julio del Valle (2013). Giselle von der Walde: Poesía y mentira. La crítica de Platón a las poéticas de Homero, Hesíodo y Píndaro en el Ión y en República 2, Ediciones Uniandes, Bogotá: 2010. [REVIEW] Areté. Revista de Filosofía 25 (1):155-162.score: 15.0
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  48. Richard M. Burian, Robert C. Richardson & Wim J. Van der Steen (1996). Against Generality: Meaning in Genetics and Philosophy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):1-29.score: 15.0
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  49. Manfred Buth (1998). Über Einen Methodisch Geordneten Aufbau der Speziellen Relativitätstheorie. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 29 (1):21-36.score: 15.0
    About a methodically ordered reconstruction of the theory of special relativity. One of the main results of the theory of special relativity is that our basic concepts concerning space and time must be revised, because there is new experimental evidence. But on the other hand it was meant to move in a circular procedure, if the usual methods of measuring distances and temporal durations are refused on the ground of experimental results that are based on even these measuring methods. Thus (...)
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  50. W. J. Van Der Steen (1971). Hempel's View on Functional Explanation Some Critical Comments. Acta Biotheoretica 20 (3-4).score: 15.0
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