Search results for 'feature integration' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Darinka Truebutschek & Tobias Egner (2012). Negative Emotion Does Not Modulate Rapid Feature Integration Effects. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 240.0
    Emotional arousal at encoding is known to facilitate later memory recall. In the present study, we asked whether this emotion-modulation of episodic memory is also evident at very short time scales, as measured by “feature integration effects”, the moment-by-moment binding of relevant stimulus and response features in episodic memory. This question was motivated by recent findings that negative emotion appears to potentiate 1st-order trial sequence effects in classic conflict tasks, which has been attributed to emotion-modulation of conflict-driven cognitive (...)
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  2. Anjali Raja Beharelle, Danielle Tisserand, Donald T. Stuss, Anthony R. Mcintosh & Brian Levine (2011). Brain Activity Patterns Uniquely Supporting Visual Feature Integration After Traumatic Brain Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 240.0
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients typically respond more slowly and with more variability than controls during tasks of attention requiring speeded reaction time. These behavioral changes are attributable, at least in part, to diffuse axonal injury (DAI), which affects integrated processing in distributed systems. Here we use a multivariate method sensitive to distributed neural activity to compare brain activity patterns of patients with chronic phase moderate-to-severe TBI to those of controls during performance on a visual feature-integration task assessing (...)
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  3. Anne Treisman (1980). A Feature Integration Theory of Attention. Cognitive Psychology 12:97-136.score: 210.0
  4. Bernhard Hommel, Jutta Kray & Ulman Lindenberger (2011). Feature Integration Across the Lifespan: Stickier Stimulus–Response Bindings in Children and Older Adults. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 206.0
    Humans integrate the features of perceived events and of action plans into episodic event files. Here we investigated whether children (9-10 years), younger adults (20-31 years), and older adults (64-76 years) differ in the flexibility of managing (creating and updating) event files. Relative to young adults, performance in children and older adults was more hampered by partial mismatches between present and previous stimulus-response relations, suggesting less efficient updating of episodic stimulus-response representations in childhood and old age. Results are discussed in (...)
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  5. Austen Clark (2001). Some Logical Features of Feature Integration. In Werner Backhaus (ed.), Neuronal Coding of Perceptual Systems. World Scientific. 3-20.score: 180.0
    One of the biggest challenges in understanding perception is to understand how the nervous system manages to integrate the multiple codes it uses to represent features in multiple sensory modalities. From different cortical areas, which might separately register the sight of something red and the touch of something smooth, one effortlessly generates the perception of one thing that is both red and smooth. This process has been variously called "feature integration", "binding", or "synthesis". Citing some current models and (...)
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  6. Dale J. Cohen & Michael Kubovy (1999). Even Feature Integration is Cognitively Impenetrable. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):371-372.score: 180.0
    Pylyshyn is willing to assume that attention can influence feature integration. We argue that he concedes too much. Feature integration occurs preattentively, except in the case of certain “perverse” displays, such as those used in feature-conjunction searches.
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  7. Wolf Singer & Charles M. Gray (1995). Visual Feature Integration and the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis. Annual Review of Neuroscience 18:555-86.score: 150.0
  8. W. Amiri Prinzmetal (1981). Principles of Feature Integration in Visual Perception. Perception and Psychophysics 30:330-40.score: 150.0
  9. Anjali Raja Beharelle, Danielle Tisserand, Donald T. Stuss, Anthony R. McIntosh & Brian Levine (2011). Brain Activity Patterns Uniquely Supporting Visual Feature Integration After Traumatic Brain Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 150.0
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  10. Jim Pomerantz (2012). Emergent Features, Gestalts, and Feature Integration Theory. In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press. 187--192.score: 150.0
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  11. William Prinzmetal (2012). At the Core of Feature Integration Theory : On Treisman and Schmidt. In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press. 211.score: 150.0
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  12. Schoenfeld Ariel (2011). Symposium Session 1. Neural Mechanisms of Feature Integration in Object Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 150.0
  13. D. S. DeStefano (2000). From Feature Integration to Unified Experience: Proposed Directions for Research on the Binding Problem. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S75 - S76.score: 150.0
     
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  14. Stuss Donald (2010). Benefits of Periodic and Regular Tones on Speed and False Positives on a Feature Integration Task in Patients with Right Frontal Lesions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 150.0
  15. Bernhard Hommel (2004). Neural Mechanisms of Feature Integration. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (11):494-500.score: 150.0
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  16. Woldorff Marty (2011). The Role of Attention in Multisensory Processing and Feature Integration. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 150.0
  17. Lynn Robertson (2012). Sptital Deficits and Feature Integration Theory. In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press.score: 150.0
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  18. André W. Keizer Bernhard Hommel (2012). Binding Success and Failure: Evidence for the Spontaneous Integration of Perceptual Features and Object Evaluations. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 138.0
    Humans represent perceptual events in a distributed, feature-specific fashion, which called for some sort of feature integration. It has been suggested that processing an event leads to the creation of a temporary binding of the corresponding feature codes—an object file. Here we show that object files do not only comprise of perceptual feature codes but also include codes that reflect evaluations of the perceptual event.
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  19. I. H. Fraser & D. M. Parker (1986). Reaction Time Measures of Feature Saliency in a Perceptual Integration Task. In. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff. 45--52.score: 120.0
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  20. Quoc C. Vuong Katja M. Mayer (2013). Automatic Processing of Unattended Object Features by Functional Connectivity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 100.0
    Observers can selectively attend to object features that are relevant for a task. However, unattended task-irrelevant features may still be processed and possibly integrated with the attended features. This study investigated the neural mechanisms for processing both task-relevant (attended) and task-irrelevant (unattended) object features. The Garner paradigm was adapted for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test whether specific brain areas process the conjunction of features or whether multiple interacting areas are involved in this form of feature integration. (...)
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  21. Haluk Ögmen Michael H. Herzog, Thomas U. Otto (2012). The Fate of Visible Features of Invisible Elements. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 100.0
    To investigate the integration of features, we have developed a paradigm in which an element is rendered invisible by visual masking. Still, the features of the element are visible at other elements (sequential metacontrast). In this sense, we can “transport” features non-retinotopically across space and time. The features of the invisible element integrate with features of other elements if and only if the elements belong to the same spatio-temporal group. In this case, features unconsciously integrate. The mechanisms of this (...)
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  22. Snehlata Jaswal (2013). The Process of Feature Binding. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 96.0
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  23. Bernhard Hommel, Jochen Müsseler, Gisa Aschersleben & Wolfgang Prinz (2001). The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): A Framework for Perception and Action Planning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):849-878.score: 90.0
    Traditional approaches to human information processing tend to deal with perception and action planning in isolation, so that an adequate account of the perception-action interface is still missing. On the perceptual side, the dominant cognitive view largely underestimates, and thus fails to account for, the impact of action-related processes on both the processing of perceptual information and on perceptual learning. On the action side, most approaches conceive of action planning as a mere continuation of stimulus processing, thus failing to account (...)
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  24. David Bimler, Chingis Izmailov & Galina Paramei (2013). Processing Bimodal Stimuli: Integrality/Separability of Color and Orientation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 78.0
    We examined how two distinct stimulus features, orientation and colour, interact as contributions to global stimulus dissimilarity. Five subjects rated dissimilarity between pairs of bars (N = 30) varying in colour (four cardinal hues, plus white) and orientation (six angles at 30° intervals). An exploratory analysis with individual-differences multidimensional scaling resulted in a 5D solution, with two dimensions required to accommodate the circular sequence of the angular attribute, and red-green, blue-yellow and achromatic axes for the colour attribute. Weights of the (...)
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  25. Austen Clark (2004). Feature-Placing and Proto-Objects. Philosophical Psychology 17 (4):443-469.score: 72.0
    This paper contrasts three different schemes of reference relevant to understanding systems of perceptual representation: a location-based system dubbed "feature-placing", a system of "visual indices" referring to things called "proto-objects", and the full sortal-based individuation allowed by a natural language. The first three sections summarize some of the key arguments (in Clark, 2000) to the effect that the early, parallel, and pre-attentive registration of sensory features itself constitutes a simple system of nonconceptual mental representation. In particular, feature (...)--perceiving something as being both F and G, where F and G are sensible properties registered in distinct parallel streams--requires a referential apparatus. Section V. reviews some grounds for thinking that at these earliest levels this apparatus is location-based: that it has a direct and nonconceptual means of picking out places. Feature-placing is contrasted with a somewhat more sophisticated system that can identify and track four or five "perceptual objects" or "proto-objects", independently of their location, for as long as they remain perceptible. Such a system is found in Zenon Pylyshyn's fascinating work on "visual indices", in Dana Ballard's notion of deictic codes, and in Kahneman, Treisman, and Wolfe's accounts of systems of evanescent representations they call "object files". Perceptual representation is a layered affair, and I argue that it probably includes both feature-placing and proto-objects. Finally, both nonconceptual systems are contrasted with the full-blooded individuation allowed in a natural language. (shrink)
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  26. Hermann J. Müller Joseph Krummenacher (2012). Dynamic Weighting of Feature Dimensions in Visual Search: Behavioral and Psychophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 72.0
    The notion that the neural activations representing a limited set of visual features in the brain are modulated by a process prioritizing a circumscribed part of the visual field has turned out to be a powerful account of selective attention. Extensions of the original approach assuming the existence of feature-based saliency signals governing the allocation of focal attention have recently evolved to explain the spatial and temporal dynamics of the relative strengths of feature-based saliency representations. Here we review (...)
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  27. Anne Treisman (1993). The Perception of Features and Objects. In A. Baddeley & L. Weiskrantz (eds.), Attention: Selection, Awareness and Control. Clarendon Press. 5-35.score: 70.0
  28. S. Orestis Palermos (2013). Knowledge and Cognitive Integration. Synthese (8):1-21.score: 66.0
    Cognitive integration is a defining yet overlooked feature of our intellect that may nevertheless have substantial effects on the process of knowledge-acquisition. To bring those effects to the fore, I explore the topic of cognitive integration both from the perspective of virtue reliabilism within externalist epistemology and the perspective of extended cognition within externalist philosophy of mind and cognitive science. On the basis of this interdisciplinary focus, I argue that cognitive integration can provide a minimalist yet (...)
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  29. Michael Gibbert, James A. Hampton, Zachary Estes & David Mazursky (2012). The Curious Case of the Refrigerator–TV: Similarity and Hybridization. Cognitive Science 36 (6):992-1018.score: 62.0
    This article examines the role of similarity in the hybridization of concepts, focusing on hybrid products as an applied test case. Hybrid concepts found in natural language, such as singer songwriter, typically combine similar concepts, whereas dissimilar concepts rarely form hybrids. The hybridization of dissimilar concepts in products such as jogging shoe mp3 player and refrigerator TV thus poses a challenge for understanding the process of conceptual combination. It is proposed that models of conceptual combination can throw light on the (...)
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  30. Zoe Kourtzi & Mark Augath, Integration of Local Features Into Global Shapes: Monkey and Human fMRI Studies.score: 60.0
    was to test the role of both early and higher visual areas in the integration of local features into global shapes. To this end, we conducted functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Although fMRI lacks the high spatial resolution of intracortical recordings, it allows simultaneous collection of responses to the same stimulus set from multiple visual areas that is not possible with standard recording techniques. We performed these studies in monkeys, where much is known about the properties of neurons (...)
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  31. Catherine Craver-Lemley Adam Reeves (2012). Unmasking the Perky Effect: Spatial Extent of Image Interference on Visual Acuity. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 60.0
    We have previously argued that visual mental images are not substitutable for visual percepts, because the interfering effects of visual stimuli such as line maskers on visual targets differ markedly in their properties from the interfering effects of visual images (the ‘Perky effect’). Imagery interference occurs over a much wider temporal and spatial extent than masking, and unlike masking, image interference is insensitive to relative orientation. The lack of substitutability is theoretically interesting because the Perky effect can be compared meaningfully (...)
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  32. Neville Chiavaroli & Constance Ellwood (2012). The Medical Humanities and the Perils of Curricular Integration. Journal of Medical Humanities 33 (4):245-254.score: 58.0
    The advent of integration as a feature of contemporary medical curricula can be seen as an advantage for the medical humanities in that it provides a clear implementation strategy for the inclusion of medical humanities content and/or perspectives, while also making its relevance to medical education more apparent. This paper discusses an example of integration of humanities content into a graduate medical course, raises questions about the desirability of an exclusively integrated approach, and argues for the value (...)
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  33. Uriah Kriegel (2007). A Cross-Order Integration Hypothesis for the Neural Correlate of Consciousness. Consciousness & Cognition 16 (4):897-912.score: 54.0
    b>. One major problem many hypotheses regarding the neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) face is what we might call “the why question”: _why _would this particular neural feature, rather than another, correlate with consciousness? The purpose of the present paper is to develop an NCC hypothesis that answers this question. The proposed hypothesis is inspired by the Cross-Order Integration (COI) theory of consciousness, according to which consciousness arises from the functional integration of a first-order representation of an (...)
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  34. Florian Waszak Arvid Herwig (2012). Action-Effect Bindings and Ideomotor Learning in Intention- and Stimulus-Based Actions. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 50.0
    According to ideomotor theory, action-effect associations are crucial for voluntary action control. Recently, a number of studies started to investigate the conditions that mediate the acquisition and application of action-effect associations by comparing actions carried out in response to exogenous stimuli (stimulus-based) with actions selected endogenously (intention-based). There is evidence that the acquisition and/or application of action-effect associations is boosted when acting in an intention-based action mode. For instance, bidirectional action-effect associations were diagnosed in a forced choice test phase if (...)
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  35. Anne Treisman (1990). Search and the Detection and Integration of Features. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (3):454-455.score: 50.0
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  36. J. R. Stone & B. K. Hall (2006). Review Article – a System for Analysing Features in Studies Integrating Ecology, Development, and Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 21 (1):25-40.score: 48.0
    Ecology is being introduced to Evolutionary Developmental Biology to enhance organism-, population-, species-, and higher-taxon-level studies. This exciting, bourgeoning troika will revolutionise how investigators consider relationships among environment, ontogeny, and phylogeny. Features are studied (and even defined) differently in ecology, development, and evolution. Form is central to development and evolution but peripheral to ecology. Congruence (i.e., homology) is applied at different hierarchical levels in the three disciplines. Function is central to ecology but peripheral to development. Herein, the supercategories form (‘isomorphic’ (...)
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  37. Lawrence Gregory Appelbaum, Sarah E. Donohue, Christina J. Park & Marty G. Woldorff (2013). Is One Enough? The Case for Non-Additive Influences of Visual Features on Crossmodal Stroop Interference. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 46.0
    When different perceptual signals arising from the same physical entity are integrated, they form a more reliable sensory estimate. When such repetitive sensory signals are pitted against other competing stimuli, such as in a Stroop Task, this redundancy may lead to stronger processing that biases behavior towards reporting the redundant stimuli. This bias would therefore be expected to evoke greater incongruency effects than if these stimuli did not contain redundant sensory features. In the present paper we report that this is (...)
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  38. D. Alan Shewmon (2001). The Brain and Somatic Integration: Insights Into the Standard Biological Rationale for Equating Brain Death with Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):457 – 478.score: 42.0
    The mainstream rationale for equating brain death (BD) with death is that the brain confers integrative unity upon the body, transforming it from a mere collection of organs and tissues to an organism as a whole. In support of this conclusion, the impressive list of the brains myriad integrative functions is often cited. Upon closer examination, and after operational definition of terms, however, one discovers that most integrative functions of the brain are actually not somatically integrating, and, conversely, most integrative (...)
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  39. Gabriel Vacariu (2012). Cognitive Neuroscience Versus Epistemologically Different Worlds. University of Bucharest Publishing Company.score: 42.0
    From the “epistemologically different worlds” perspective, I analyze the status of cognitive neuroscience today. I investigate the main actual topics in cognitive neuroscience: localization and the brain imaging, the binding problem (Treisman’s feature integration theory and synchronized oscillations approach), differentation and integration, optimism versus skepticism approaches, perception and object recognition, space and the mind, crossmodal interactions, and the holistic view against localization. The conclusion is that this “science” has “No ontology landscape” and, therefore, cognitive neuroscience is a (...)
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  40. Rui G. Freire Pereira (2006). Applications and Services-Integration of Ontologies and Semantic Annotations with Resource Description Framework in Eclipse-Based Platforms with Editing Features for Semantic Web. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer-Verlag. 3961--902.score: 40.0
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  41. Kevin Connolly, Aaron Henry, Zoe Jenkin & Andrew MacGregor, Multisensory Integration Workshop Full Report.score: 38.0
    This report highlights and explores five questions that arose from the multisensory integration workshop at the University of Toronto on May 9th and 10th, 2014: 1. What Is Multisensory Integration? 2. Do Multisensory Percepts Involve Emergent Features? 3. What Can Multisensory Processing Tell Us about Multisensory Awareness? 4. Is Language Processing a Special Kind of Multisensory Integration? 5. What Is the Purpose of Multisensory Integration?
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  42. Kevin Connolly, Aaron Henry, Zoe Jenkin & Andrew MacGregor, Multisensory Integration Workshop: Question Two.score: 38.0
    This is an excerpt from a report on the workshop on multisensory integration at the University of Toronto, on May 9th and 10th, 2014, written by Kevin Connolly, Aaron Henry, Zoe Jenkin, and Andrew MacGregor, and available at: http://networksensoryresearch.utoronto.ca/Events_%26_Discussion.html This excerpt explores the question: Do multisensory percepts involve emergent features?
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  43. Klaus Mathiak Mikhail Zvyagintsev, Carmen Parisi, Natalia Chechko, Andrey R. Nikolaev (2013). Attention and Multisensory Integration of Emotions in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 38.0
    The impairment of multisensory integration in schizophrenia is often explained by deficits of attentional selection. Emotion perception, however, does not always depend on attention because affective stimuli can capture attention automatically. In our study, we specify the role of attention in the multisensory perception of emotional stimuli in schizophrenia. We evaluated attention by interference between conflicting auditory and visual information in two multisensory paradigms in patients with schizophrenia and healthy participants. In the first paradigm, interference occurred between physical features (...)
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  44. Gabriel Vacariu (2014). More Troubles with Cognitive Neuroscience. Einstein's Theory of Relativity and the Hyperverse. University of Bucharest Publishing Company.score: 36.0
    In Part I, Chapter 1, I introduce the EDWs perspective (from my book published in 2012)2. In Part II, I investigate more troubles with cognitive neuroscience. (For other troubles of this “science”, see Vacariu 2012, Vacariu and Vacariu 2013) In Chapter 2, I analyze in detail a particular aspect of human visual perception: spatial cognition. In order to be able to offer more arguments on the idea that cognitive neuroscience is a pseudoscience, I need to investigate spatial cognition, an essential (...)
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  45. John F. Magnotti, Wei Ji Ma & Michael S. Beauchamp (2013). Causal Inference of Asynchronous Audiovisual Speech. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 36.0
    During speech perception, humans integrate auditory information from the voice with visual information from the face. This multisensory integration increases perceptual precision, but only if the two cues come from the same talker; this requirement has been largely ignored by current models of speech perception. We describe a generative model of multisensory speech perception that includes this critical step of determining the likelihood that the voice and face information have a common cause. A key feature of the model (...)
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  46. Dietmar Wechsler & Annette C. Hurst (2011). Interdisziplinäre Systemintegration Und Innovationsgenese: Ein Methodologischer Zugang für Die Interdisziplinäre Forschung. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (1):141-155.score: 36.0
    The increasing significance of inter- and transdisciplinary research raises the demand for principles with respect to methodology and philosophy of science. The discussion of this question leads to the development of an interdisciplinary research process with two methodic core areas: system integration and inducement of innovation. It will be shown that interdisciplinary research can be understood as a discipline of its own, while its potential of synthesis cannot be declared as a central distinctive feature relative to other disciplines. (...)
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  47. William Bechtel (1993). Integrating Sciences by Creating New Disciplines: The Case of Cell Biology. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 8 (3):277-299.score: 34.0
    Many studies of the unification of science focus on the theories of different disciplines. The model for integration is the theory reduction model. This paper argues that the embodiment of theories in scientists, and the institutions in which scientists work and the instruments they employ, are critical to the sort of integration that actually occurs in science. This paper examines the integration of scientific endeavors that emerged in cell biology in the period after World War II when (...)
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  48. Massimo Grassia (2004). Consciousness and Perceptual Attention: A Methodological Argument. Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):1-23.score: 30.0
    Our perception of external features comprises, among others, functional and phenomenological levels. At the functional level, the perceiver’s mind processes external features according to its own causal- functional organization. At the phenomenological level, the perceiver has consciousness of external features. The question of this paper is: How do the functional and the phenomenological levels of perception relate to each other? The answer I propose is that functional states of specifically perceptual attention constitute the necessary basis for the arising of consciousness (...)
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  49. Wayne Wu (2014). Attention. Routledge.score: 30.0
    The phenomenon of attention fascinated the psychologist and philosopher William James and human experience is unimaginable without it. Yet until recently it has languished in the backwaters of philosophy. Recent years, however, have witnessed a resurgence of interest in attention, driven by recognition that it is closely connected to consciousness, perception, agency and many other problems in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. This is the first book to introduce and assess attention from a philosophical perspective. Wayne Wu discusses the (...)
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