Search results for 'illusion' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. I. Illusion (1990). Looking at Animals Looking: Art, Illusion, and Power. In Frederick Burwick & Walter Pape (eds.), Aesthetic Illusion: Theoretical and Historical Approaches. W. De Gruyter. 65.score: 210.0
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  2. Mark Eli Kalderon (2011). Color Illusion. Noûs 45 (4):751-775.score: 24.0
    As standardly conceived, an illusion is an experience of an object o appearing F where o is not in fact F. Paradigm examples of color illusion, however, do not fit this pattern. A diagnosis of this uncovers different sense of appearance talk that is the basis of a dilemma for the standard conception. The dilemma is only a challenge. But if the challenge cannot be met, then any conception of experience, such as representationalism, that is committed to the (...)
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  3. Bryan Paton, Jakob Hohwy & Peter Enticott (2011). The Rubber Hand Illusion Reveals Proprioceptive and Sensorimotor Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.score: 24.0
    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by differences in unimodal and multimodal sensory and proprioceptive processing, with complex biases towards local over global processing. Many of these elements are implicated in versions of the rubber hand illusion (RHI), which were therefore studied in high-functioning individuals with ASD and a typically developing control group. Both groups experienced the illusion. A number of differences were found, related to proprioception and sensorimotor processes. The ASD group showed reduced sensitivity to visuotactile-proprioceptive discrepancy (...)
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  4. Jonathan Cohen (2002). The Grand Grand Illusion Illusion. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (5-6):141-157.score: 24.0
    In recent years, a pair of intriguing phenomena has caused researchers working on vision and visual attention to reevaluate many of their assumptions. These phenomena, which have come to be called change blindness (CB) and inattentional blindness (IB), have led many to the conclusion that ordinary perceivers labor under a ``grand illusion'' concerning perception - an illusion that is..
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  5. Saul Smilansky (2000). Free Will and Illusion. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Saul Smilansky presents an original new approach to the problem of free will, which lies at the heart of morality and self-understanding. He maintains that the key to the problem is the role played by illusion. Smilansky boldly claims that we could not live adequately with a complete awareness of the truth about human freedom and that illusion lies at the center of the human condition.
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  6. Saul Smilansky (2001). Free Will: From Nature to Illusion. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 101 (1):71-95.score: 24.0
    Sir Peter Strawson’s ‘Freedom and Resentment’ was a landmark in the philosophical understanding of the free will problem. Building upon it, I attempt to defend a novel position, which purports to provide, in outline, the next step forward. The position presented is based on the descriptively central and normatively crucial role of illusion in the issue of free will. Illusion, I claim, is the vital but neglected key to the free will problem. The proposed position, which may be (...)
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  7. Eddy A. Nahmias (2002). When Consciousness Matters: A Critical Review of Daniel Wegner's the Illusion of Conscious Will. [REVIEW] Philosophical Psychology 15 (4):527-541.score: 24.0
    In The illusion of conscious will , Daniel Wegner offers an exciting, informative, and potentially threatening treatise on the psychology of action. I offer several interpretations of the thesis that conscious will is an illusion. The one Wegner seems to suggest is "modular epiphenomenalism": conscious experience of will is produced by a brain system distinct from the system that produces action; it interprets our behavior but does not, as it seems to us, cause it. I argue that the (...)
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  8. Roderick Firth (1964). Austin and the Argument From Illusion. Philosophical Review 73 (July):372-382.score: 24.0
    Firth argues that austin's criticisms of the argument from illusion do not destroy the argument. We can reformulate it in two ways so that it succeeds as a method of ostensibly defining terms denoting the sensory constituent of perceptual experience. One way maintains the act-Object distinction of the cartesian tradition and the other uses the language of "looks." (staff).
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  9. Steven L. Reynolds (2000). The Argument From Illusion. Noûs 34 (4):604-621.score: 24.0
    In an attempt to revive discussion of the argument from illusion this paper amends the classic version of the argument to avoid Austin's main objection. It then develops and defends a version of the intentional object reply to the argument, arguing that an "unendorsed story" account of reports of dreams and hallucinations avoids commitment to nonexistent objects.
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  10. Mark Pickering (2011). The Systematic Unity of Nature as a Transcendental Illusion. Kantian Review 16 (3):429-448.score: 24.0
    The Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic of Kant's first Critique is notorious for two reasons. First, it appears to contradict itself in saying that the idea of the systematic unity of nature is and is not transcendental. Second, in the passages in which Kant appears to espouse the former alternative, he appears to be making a significant amendment to his account of the conditions of the possibility of experience in the Transcendental Analytic. I propose a solution to both of these (...)
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  11. Marc van Duijn & Sacha Bem (2005). On the Alleged Illusion of Conscious Will. Philosophical Psychology 18 (6):699-714.score: 24.0
    The belief that conscious will is merely "an illusion created by the brain" appears to be gaining in popularity among cognitive neuroscientists. Its main adherents usually refer to the classic, but controversial 'Libet-experiments', as the empirical evidence that vindicates this illusion-claim. However, based on recent work that provides other interpretations of the Libet-experiments, we argue that the illusion-claim is not only empirically invalid, but also theoretically incoherent, as it is rooted in a category mistake; namely, the presupposition (...)
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  12. Michelle Grier (2001). Kant's Doctrine of Transcendental Illusion. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    This major study of Kant provides a detailed examination of the development and function of the doctrine of transcendental illusion in his theoretical philosophy. The author shows that a theory of 'illusion' plays a central role in Kant's arguments about metaphysical speculation and scientific theory. Indeed, she argues that we cannot understand Kant unless we take seriously his claim that the mind inevitably acts in accordance with ideas and principles that are 'illusory'. Taking this claim seriously, we can (...)
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  13. Robert Hopkins (2010). Moving Because Pictures? Illusion and the Emotional Power of Film. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 34 (1):200-218.score: 24.0
    Why does cinema exert such power over our emotions? Many have wanted to answer by appeal to the idea that film sustains some illusion concerning the events it narrates. I compare three such views: that film sustains the illusion that those events are before us; that it sustains that illusion, but only partially; and that, though viewers are always fully aware of seeing pictures, those pictures are experienced as the moving photographic record of the narrated events. I (...)
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  14. Masaharu Mizumoto & Masato Ishikawa (2005). Immunity to Error Through Misidentification and the Bodily Illusion Experiment. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (7):3-19.score: 24.0
    In this paper we introduce a paradigm of experiment which, we believe, is of interest both in psychology and philosophy. There the subject wears an HMD (head-mount display), and a camera is set up at the upper corner of the room, in which the subject is. As a result, the subject observes his own body through the HMD. We will mainly focus on the philosophical relevance of this experiment, especially to the thesis of so-called 'immunity to error through misidentification relative (...)
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  15. Murray J. Kiteley (1972). The Argument From Illusion: Objects and Objections. Mind 81 (April):191-207.score: 24.0
    The paper's first four sections give a taxonomy and criticism of three classes of objections to the argument from illusion. the last section raises the question whether its main premise does not misclassify perceptual accusatives (e.g. 'sensation of bentness') as individuatives that imply the existence of, say, bent particulars.
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  16. Robert I. Reynolds (1988). A Psychological Definition of Illusion. Philosophical Psychology 1 (2):217-223.score: 24.0
    The psychological concept of illusion is defined as a process involving an interaction of logical and empirical considerations. Common usage suggests that an illusion is a discrepancy between one's awareness and some stimulus. Following preliminary definitions of classes of stimuli, five definitions of illusion are considered, based upon the possible discrepancies between awareness and a stimulus. It is found that each of these definitions fails to make important distinctions, even to the point of equating all illusory and (...)
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  17. Andrew R. Bailey (2007). Qualia and the Argument From Illusion: A Defence of Figment. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 22 (2):85-103.score: 24.0
    This paper resurrects two discredited ideas in the philosophy of mind. The first: the idea that perceptual illusion might have something metaphysically significant to tell us about the nature of phenomenal consciousness. The second: that the colours and other qualities that ‘fill’ our sensory fields are occurrent properties (rather than representations of properties) that are, nevertheless, to be distinguished from the ‘objective’ properties of things in the external world. Theories of consciousness must recognize the existence of what Daniel Dennett (...)
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  18. Bob Bermond & Jaap Heerden (1996). The Muller-Lyer Illusion Explained and its Theoretical Importance Reconsidered. Biology and Philosophy 11 (3):321-338.score: 24.0
    The Müller-Lyer illusion is the natural consequence of the construction of the vertebrate eye, retina and visual processing system. Due to imperfections in the vertebrate eye and retina and due to the subsequent processing in the system by ever increasing receptive fields, the visual information becomes less and less precise with respect to exact location and size. The consequence of this is that eventually the brain has to calculate a weighted mean value of the information, which is spread out (...)
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  19. Kaoru Noguchi (2003). The Relationship Between Visual Illusion and Aesthetic Preference – an Attempt to Unify Experimental Phenomenology and Empirical Aesthetics. Axiomathes 13 (3-4):261-281.score: 24.0
    Experimental phenomenology has demonstrated that perception is much richer than stimulus. As is seen in color perception, one and the same stimulus provides more than several modes of appearance or perceptual dimensions. Similarly, there are various perceptual dimensions in form perception. Even a simple geometrical figure inducing visual illusion gives not only perceptual impressions of size, shape, slant, depth, and orientation, but also affective or aesthetic impressions. The present study reviews our experimental phenomenological work on visual illusion and (...)
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  20. Elizabeth Lewis & Donna M. Lloyd (2010). Embodied Experience: A First-Person Investigation of the Rubber Hand Illusion. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):317-339.score: 24.0
    Here, we assess the usefulness of first-person methods for the study of embodiment during the rubber hand illusion (RHI). Participants observed a rubber hand being stroked synchronously and asynchronously with their concealed hand after which they made proprioceptive judgments about the location of their hand and completed a self-report questionnaire. A randomly selected cohort was further interviewed during the illusion and their transcripts analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results showed that the IPA group experienced a more intense (...)
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  21. Jakob Hohwy & Bryan Paton (2010). Explaining Away the Body: Experiences of Supernaturally Caused Touch and Touch on Non-Hand Objects Within the Rubber Hand Illusion. PLoS ONE 5 (2):e9416.score: 24.0
    In rubber hand illusions and full body illusions, touch sensations are projected to non-body objects such as rubber hands, dolls or virtual bodies. The robustness, limits and further perceptual consequences of such illusions are not yet fully explored or understood. A number of experiments are reported that test the limits of a variant of the rubber hand illusion. Methodology/Principal Findings -/- A variant of the rubber hand illusion is explored, in which the real and foreign hands are aligned (...)
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  22. Jan Westerhoff (2010). Twelve Examples of Illusion. Oxford University Press.score: 24.0
    Tibetan Buddhist writings frequently state that many of the things we perceive in the world are in fact illusory, as illusory as echoes or mirages. In Twelve Examples of Illusion , Jan Westerhoff offers an engaging look at a dozen illusions--including magic tricks, dreams, rainbows, and reflections in a mirror--showing how these phenomena can give us insight into reality. For instance, he offers a fascinating discussion of optical illusions, such as the wheel of fire (the "wheel" seen when a (...)
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  23. Adam J. L. Harris & Magda Osman (2012). The Illusion of Control: A Bayesian Perspective. Synthese 189 (S1):29-38.score: 24.0
    In the absence of an objective contingency, psychological studies have shown that people nevertheless attribute outcomes to their own actions. Thus, by wrongly inferring control in chance situations people appear to hold false beliefs concerning their agency, and are said to succumb to an illusion of control (IoC). In the current article, we challenge traditional conceptualizations of the illusion by examining the thesis that the IoC reflects rational and adaptive decision making. Firstly, we propose that the IoC is (...)
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  24. Jonathan Malesic (2007). Illusion and Offense in Philosophical Fragments : Kierkegaard's Inversion of Feuerbach's Critique of Christianity. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (1):43 - 55.score: 24.0
    The article shows the "Appendix" to Søren Kierkegaard's "Philosophical Fragments" to be a response to Ludwig Feuerbach's critique of Christianity. While previous studies have detected some influence by Feuerbach on Kierkegaard, they have so far discovered little in the way of specific responses to Feuerbach's ideas in Kierkegaard's published works. The article first makes the historical argument that Kierkegaard was very likely reading Feuerbach's "Essence of Christianity" while he was writing "Philosophical Fragments", as several of Kierkegaard's journal entries from that (...)
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  25. Saul Smilansky (1999). Free Will: The Positive Role of Illusion. In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy, Volume 2: Metaphysics. Bowling Green: Philosophy Doc Ctr. 143-152.score: 24.0
    In the following essay, I attempt to defend a novel position on ‘the free will problem’. In particular, I intend to provide (in outline) a position based on the descriptively central and normatively crucial role of illusion in the free will issue. Illusion, I claim, is the vital but neglected key to the free will problem. The proposed position, which can be called ‘Illusionism’, can be defended independently from its derivation from P. F. Strawson’s ‘reactive-naturalism’. However, since the (...)
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  26. Frederick Burwick & Walter Pape (eds.) (1990). Aesthetic Illusion: Theoretical and Historical Approaches. W. De Gruyter.score: 24.0
    Art treats appearance as appearance and thus does not want to be an illusion, but is true. [...] truths are illusions which we are oblivious of their being ...
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  27. Dirk De Ridder, Jan Verplaetse & Sven Vanneste (2013). The Predictive Brain and the “Free Will” Illusion. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The predictive brain and the “free will” illusion.
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  28. Pendaran Roberts (forthcoming). Color Relationalism, Ordinary Illusion, and Color Incompatibility. Philosophia:1-13.score: 24.0
    Relationalism is a view popularized by Cohen according to which the colors are relational properties. Cohen’s view has the unintuitive consequence that the following propositions are false: (i) no object can be more than one determinate or determinable color all over at the same time; (ii) ordinary illusion cases occur whenever the color perceptually represented conflicts, according to (i) above, with the object’s real color; and (iii) the colors we perceive obey (i). I investigate Cohen’s attempt to address these (...)
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  29. Mel Slater Antonella Maselli (2013). The Building Blocks of the Full Body Ownership Illusion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Previous work has reported that it is not difficult to give people the illusion of ownership over an artificial body, providing a powerful tool for the investigation of the neural and cognitive mechanisms underlying body perception and self consciousness. We present an experimental study that uses immersive virtual reality focused on identifying the perceptual building blocks of this illusion. We systematically manipulated visuotactile and visual sensorimotor contingencies, visual perspective, and the appearance of the virtual body in order to (...)
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  30. Camila Valenzuela Moguillansky, J. Kevin O'Regan & Claire Petitmengin (2013). Exploring the Subjective Experience of the “Rubber Hand” Illusion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Despite the fact that the rubber hand illusion (RHI) is an experimental paradigm that has been widely used in the last 14 years to investigate different aspects of the sense of bodily self, very few studies have sought to investigate the subjective nature of the experience that the RHI evokes. The present study investigates the phenomenology of the RHI through a specific elicitation method. More particularly, this study aim at assessing whether the conditions usually used as control in the (...)
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  31. Laura Crucianelli, Nicola Kay Metcalf, Aikaterini Fotopoulou & Paul Mark Jenkinson (2013). Bodily Pleasure Matters: Velocity of Touch Modulates Body Ownership During the Rubber Hand Illusion. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The sense of body ownership represents a fundamental aspect of our self-consciousness. Influential experimental paradigms, such as the rubber hand illusion (RHI), in which a seen rubber hand is experienced as part of one’s body when one’s own unseen hand receives congruent tactile stimulation, have extensively examined the role of exteroceptive, multisensory integration on body ownership. However, remarkably, despite the more general current interest in the nature and role of interoception in emotion and consciousness, no study has investigated how (...)
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  32. Laura Schmalzl & H. Henrik Ehrsson (2011). Experimental Induction of a Perceived “Telescoped” Limb Using a Full-Body Illusion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:34.score: 24.0
    Phantom limbs refer to the sensation that an amputated or missing limb is still attached to the body. Phantom limbs may be perceived as continuous with the stump so as to resemble a normal limb, or as “telescoped” with the more distal portion of the phantom being perceived as having withdrawn within the stump. Telescoping tends to be related to increased levels of phantom pain, making it a clinically relevant phenomenon to investigate. In the current study we show that a (...)
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  33. Laura Schmalzl, Erik Thomke, Christina Ragnö, Maria Nilseryd, Anita Stockselius & H. Henrik Ehrsson (2011). “Pulling Telescoped Phantoms Out of the Stump”: Manipulating the Perceived Position of Phantom Limbs Using a Full-Body Illusion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 24.0
    Most amputees experience phantom limbs, or the sensation that their amputated limb is still attached to the body. Phantom limbs can be perceived in the location previously occupied by the intact limb, or they can gradually retract inside the stump, a phenomenon referred to as “telescoping”. Telescoping is relevant from a clinical point of view, as it tends to be related to increased levels of phantom pain. In the current study we demonstrate how a full-body illusion can be used (...)
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  34. Mel Slater, Daniel Perez-Marcos, H. Henrik Ehrsson & Maria V. Sanchez-Vives (2008). Towards a Digital Body: The Virtual Arm Illusion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2:6.score: 24.0
    The integration of the human brain with computers is an interesting new area of applied neuroscience, where one application is replacement of a person’s real body by a virtual representation. Here we demonstrate that a virtual limb can be made to feel part of your body if appropriate multisensory correlations are provided. We report an illusion that is invoked through tactile stimulation on a person’s hidden real right hand with synchronous virtual visual stimulation on an aligned 3D stereo virtual (...)
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  35. A. Setti, K. E. Burke, R. Kenny & F. N. Newell (2012). Susceptibility to a Multisensory Speech Illusion in Older Persons is Driven by Perceptual Processes. Frontiers in Psychology 4:575-575.score: 24.0
    Recent studies suggest that multisensory integration is enhanced in older adults but it is not known whether this enhancement is solely driven by perceptual processes or affected by cognitive processes. Using the ‘McGurk illusion’, in Experiment 1 we found that audio-visual integration of incongruent audio-visual words was higher in older adults than in younger adults, although the recognition of either audio- or visual-only presented words was the same across groups. In Experiment 2 we tested recall of sentences within which (...)
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  36. Gérôme Truc (2011). Narrative Identity Against Biographical Illusion: The Shift in Sociology From Bourdieu to Ricœur. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 2 (1):150-167.score: 24.0
    Since the publication of Oneself as Another , many sociologists have referred to the work of Paul Ricœur, some of them considering his notion of narrative identity to be a useful means of analyzing some aspects individual identity left unresolved by Bourdieu’s notion of habitus . Bourdieu had, however, already discredited the sociological relevance of the notion of narrative in his 1986 article “The Biographical Illusion.” Through a careful re-reading of both texts, this article will determine to what extent (...)
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  37. Anne de Cremoux (2007). Illusion théâtrale et éducation politique dans les Acharniens. Public averti ou public de dupes ? Methodos 7.score: 24.0
    L’auteur cherche à montrer que les passages dans lesquels le poète des Acharniens semble rompre l’illusion et conférer un statut privilégié au public en lui donnant des informations sur la fiction, sont en fait ambigus : le public de la comédie est en réalité, même et surtout à ces moments-là, traité par le poète comme un public crédule. Dès lors, c’est la mission politique que s’arroge la comédie, en prétendant éduquer les citoyens et les rendre lucides, qui est en (...)
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  38. Carlos Gómez (2007). Reality and Illusion: Cervantes in Freud. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 24:195-214.score: 24.0
    It is pretended to show the influence Cervantes had on Freud. Freud was worried about the psychic disorders. He was also disappointed by the methods of psychiatry had at that time. Freud was very interested in the plays of Cervantes, especially in El coloquio de los perros and El Quixote, where reality and illusion, and the relationship between sanity and insanity are their central axes. One of the possible readings of the great play is the one where limits between (...)
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  39. Bernhard Hommel Ke Ma (2013). The Virtual-Hand Illusion: Effects of Impact and Threat on Perceived Ownership and Affective Resonance. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    The rubber hand illusion refers to the observation that participants perceive “body ownership” for a rubber hand if it moves, or is stroked in synchrony with the participant’s real (covered) hand. Research indicates that events targeting artificial body parts can trigger affective responses (affective resonance) only with perceived body ownership, while neuroscientific findings suggest affective resonance irrespective of ownership (e.g., when observing other individuals under threat). We hypothesized that this may depend on the severity of the event. We first (...)
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  40. Peter Kramer Paola Bressan (2013). The Relation Between Cognitive-Perceptual Schizotypal Traits and the Ebbinghaus Size-Illusion is Mediated by Judgment Time. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    In the Ebbinghaus illusion, a circle surrounded by smaller circles is perceived as larger than an identical one surrounded by larger circles. The illusion is reportedly weaker in individuals with (disorganized) schizophrenia or schizotypy than in controls, a finding that has been interpreted as evidence that both schizophrenia and schizotypy involve reduced contextual integration. In support of this view, we show that the Ebbinghaus illusion also decreases, in the general population, with cognitive-perceptual schizotypal traits (measured with both (...)
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  41. Mazyar Fallah Carolyn J. Perry (2012). Color Improves Speed of Processing But Not Perception in a Motion Illusion. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    When two superimposed surfaces of dots move in different directions, the perceived directions are shifted away from each other. This perceptual illusion has been termed direction repulsion and is thought to be due to mutual inhibition between the representations of the two directions. It has further been shown that a speed difference between the two surfaces attenuates direction repulsion. As speed and direction are both necessary components of representing motion, the reduction in direction repulsion can be attributed to the (...)
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  42. Astrid Deuber-Mankowsky (2007). Praktiken der Illusion: Kant, Nietzsche, Cohen, Benjamin Bis Donna J. Haraway. Vorwerk 8.score: 24.0
    Illusion und Aufklärung: 1. Apologie der Illusion in Kants Opponenten-Rede gegen Johann Gottlieb Kreutzfeld. 2. Eine heilsame Illusion: wie die Kultur aus der Natur entsteht. 3. Acedia und das radikal Böse -- Praktiken der Illusion in der Moderne: 1. Nietzsches Tanz um die Philosophie. 2. Erzeugung von Zukunft. Sprachformen der Apokalypse bei Hermann Cohen. 3. Zu Benjamins Kritik des Scheins im Wahlverwandtschaftenaufsatz mit einem Exkurs zu Cohens Behandlung des Empfindungsproblems. 4. Heilsame Illusion und auratische Wahrnehmung. (...)
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  43. Akiyoshi Kitaoka Jasmina Stevanov, Branka Spehar, Hiroshi Ashida (2012). Anomalous Motion Illusion Contributes to Visual Preference. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    This study investigated the relationship between the magnitude of illusory motion in the variants of the ‘Rotating Snakes’ pattern and the visual preference among such patterns. In Experiment 1 we manipulated the outer contour and the internal geometrical structure of the figure to test for corresponding modulations in the perceived illusion magnitude. The strength of illusory motion was estimated by the method of adjustment where the speed of a standard moving figure was matched to the speed of the perceived (...)
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  44. F. Mancini, E. Bricolo, F. C. Mattioli & G. Vallar (2010). Visuo-Haptic Interactions in Unilateral Spatial Neglect: The Cross Modal Judd Illusion. Frontiers in Psychology 2:341-341.score: 24.0
    Unilateral spatial neglect has been mainly investigated in the visual modality; only a few studies compared spatial neglect in different sensory modalities, and explored their multisensory interactions, with controversial results. We investigated the integration between vision and haptics, through a bisection task of a crossmodal length illusion, the Judd variant of the Müller-Lyer illusion. We examined right-brain-damaged patients with (n=7) and without (n=7) left unilateral spatial neglect, and neurologically unimpaired participants (n=14) in the bisection of Judd stimuli under (...)
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  45. James Genone (2014). Appearance and Illusion. Mind 123 (490):339-376.score: 22.0
    Recent debates between representational and relational theories of perceptual experience sometimes fail to clarify in what respect the two views differ. In this essay, I explain that the relational view rejects two related claims endorsed by most representationalists: the claim that perceptual experiences can be erroneous, and the claim that having the same representational content is what explains the indiscriminability of veridical perceptions and phenomenally matching illusions or hallucinations. I then show how the relational view can claim that errors associated (...)
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  46. Robert N. McCauley & J. Henrich (2006). Susceptibility to the Muller-Lyer Illusion, Theory-Neutral Observation, and the Diachronic Penetrability of the Visual Input System. Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):79-101.score: 22.0
    Jerry Fodor has consistently cited the persistence of illusions--especially the M.
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  47. Jonathan Dancy (1995). Arguments From Illusion. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (181):421-438.score: 21.0
  48. Tim Crane (1988). The Waterfall Illusion. Analysis 48 (June):142-47.score: 21.0
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  49. Daniel M. Wegner (2003). The Illusion of Conscious Will. MIT Press.score: 21.0
    In this book Daniel Wegner offers a novel understanding of the issue.
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  50. York H. Gunther (2001). Content, Illusion, Partition. Philosophical Studies 102 (2):185-202.score: 21.0
    Philosophers of mind have recently sought to establish a theoret- ical use for nonconceptual content. Although there is disagreement about what nonconceptual content is supposed to be, this much is clear. A state with nonconceptual content is mental. Hence, while one may deny that refrigerators and messy rooms have conceptual capacities, their states, as physical and not mental, do not have nonconceptual content. A state with nonconceptual content is also intentional, which is to say that it represents a feature of (...)
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