Search results for 'inscrutability' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Berit Brogaard (2008). Inscrutability and Ontological Commitment. Philosophical Studies 141 (1):21 - 42.
    There are two doctrines for which Quine is particularly well known: the doctrine of ontological commitment and the inscrutability thesis—the thesis that reference and quantification are inscrutable. At first glance, the two doctrines are squarely at odds. If there is no fact of the matter as to what our expressions refer to, then it would appear that no determinate commitments can be read off of our best theories. We argue here that the appearance of a clash between the two (...)
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  2.  24
    Jerome C. Wakefield (2003). Fodor on Inscrutability. Mind and Language 18 (5):524-537.
    : Jerry Fodor proposes a solution to Quine's inscrutability–of–reference problem for certain naturalized semantic theories, thereby defending such theories from charges that they cannot discriminate meanings finely enough. His proposal, combining elements of informational and inferential–role semantics, is to eliminate non–standard interpretations by testing predicate compatibility relations. I argue that Fodor's proposal, understood as primarily aimed at Mentalese, withstands Ray's and Gates's objections but nonetheless fails because of unwarranted assumptions about ontological homogeneity of target language predicates, and problems with (...)
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  3. Austen Clark (2006). Attention and Inscrutability: A Commentary on John Campbell, Reference and Consciousness. Philosophical Studies 127:167-193.
  4.  11
    Philippe Huneman (2015). Inscrutability and the Opacity of Natural Selection and Random Genetic Drift: Distinguishing the Epistemic and Metaphysical Aspects. Erkenntnis 80 (3):491-518.
    ‘Statisticalists’ argue that the individual interactions of organisms taken together constitute natural selection. On this view, natural selection is an aggregated effect of interactions rather than some added cause acting on populations. The statisticalists’ view entails that natural selection and drift are indistinguishable aggregated effects of interactions, so that it becomes impossible to make a difference between them. The present paper attempts to make sense of the difference between selection and drift, given the main insights of statisticalism; basically, it will (...)
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  5. J. Robert G. Williams (2007). Eligibility and Inscrutability. Philosophical Review 116 (3):361-399.
    Inscrutability arguments threaten to reduce interpretationist metasemantic theories to absurdity. Can we find some way to block the arguments? A highly influential proposal in this regard is David Lewis’ ‘ eligibility ’ response: some theories are better than others, not because they fit the data better, but because they are framed in terms of more natural properties. The purposes of this paper are to outline the nature of the eligibility proposal, making the case that it is not ad hoc, (...)
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  6.  51
    Will Davies (2014). The Inscrutability of Colour Similarity. Philosophical Studies 171 (2):289-311.
    This paper presents a new response to the colour similarity argument, an argument that many people take to pose the greatest threat to colour physicalism. The colour similarity argument assumes that if colour physicalism is true, then colour similarities should be scrutable under standard physical descriptions of surface reflectance properties such as their spectral reflectance curves. Given this assumption, our evident failure to find such similarities at the reducing level seemingly proves fatal to colour physicalism. I argue that we should (...)
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  7. Matti Eklund (2007). The Ontological Significance of Inscrutability. Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):115-134.
    I shall here discuss some matters related to the so-called radical indeterminacy or inscrutability arguments due to, e.g., Willard v. O. Quine, Hilary Putnam, John Wallace and Donald Davidson.1 These are arguments that, on the face of it, demonstrate that there is radical indeterminacy in what the expressions in a theory refer to and in what the ontology of the theory is. I will use “inscrutability argument” as a general label for these arguments. My main topic – after (...)
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  8.  57
    Scott Soames (1999). The Indeterminacy of Translation and the Inscrutability of Reference. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):321-370.
    Quine's argument for indeterminacy and inscrutability equivocates about what it is for one set of truths to determine another. In addition to being unsupported, these doctrines lead Quine to reject our ordinary notions of meaning, truth, and reference in favor of certain replacement notions, including stimulus meaning, and disquotational, or Tarski, truth and reference for one's own present language. This is self-defeating. To formulate the doctrines of physicalism, underdetermination, indeterminacy, and inscrutability, one must refer to the totality of (...)
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  9.  59
    Steven L. Reynolds (1994). Proxy Functions and Inscrutability of Reference. Analysis 54 (4):228 - 235.
    It is argued that Quine's proxy functions do not yield variant translations that are equivalent by Quine's own standards. The proxy function argument for the inscrutability of reference fails on its most natural interpretation and also on some less natural interpretations. (Author's abstract added for Phil Papers.
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  10.  24
    Greg Ray (1997). Fodor and the Inscrutability Problem. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):475-89.
    In his 1993 Nicod Lectures (The Elm & the Expert), Jerry Fodor proposed a solution to a certain version of the problem of 'inscrutability of reference', which problem poses a challenge to a certain naturalistic, computational approach to cognition which Fodor has favored. The problem is that a purely informational account of an agent's mental contents cannot discriminate meanings finely enough. Fodor proposes a strategy of solution which appeals to the inferential dispositions of agents to discriminate contents more finely. (...)
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  11.  13
    D. Davies (2009). Scruton on the Inscrutability of Photographs. British Journal of Aesthetics 49 (4):341-355.
    A long-standing objection to the artistic pretensions of photography is that, because of the ‘causal’ nature of the process whereby a photographic image is produced, the formative intelligence of the photographer does not play a significant role in the generation of the image. Only where we can see such intelligence manifested in an image, it is claimed, can we legitimately take the representational content of the image to be a proper subject of artistic interest. I examine the most sophisticated modern (...)
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  12. Bengt‐Olof Qvarnström (1986). Quine's Theory of Observation Sentence Understanding and His Inscrutability Thesis. Dialectica 40 (2):107-120.
    SummaryCertain problems in Quine's philosophy of language are discussed. The first issue is his theory of how an observation sentence is understood. This is part of the more general problem of constructing a theory for how any single cognitive sentence is grasped. Quine's thesis of the inscrutability of reference, according to which it is senseless to ask what the referent of a term is, is our second subject. The content and truth of this thesis is discussed. In this context (...)
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  13. J. R. G. Williams (2008). The Price of Inscrutability. Noûs 42 (4):600 - 641.
  14.  94
    Vann McGee (2005). Inscrutability and its Discontents. Noûs 39 (3):397–425.
    That reference is inscrutable is demonstrated, it is argued, not only by W. V. Quine's arguments but by Peter Unger's "Problem of the Many." Applied to our own language, this is a paradoxical result, since nothing could be more obvious to speakers of English than that, when they use the word "rabbit," they are talking about rabbits. The solution to this paradox is to take a disquotational view of reference for one's own language, so that "When I use 'rabbit,' I (...)
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  15.  87
    Donald Davidson (1979). The Inscrutability of Reference. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):7-19.
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  16. Austen Clark & Manchester Hall, Attention & Inscrutability.
    We assemble here in this time and place to discuss the thesis that conscious attention can provide knowledge of reference of perceptual demonstratives. I shall focus my commentary on what this claim means, and on the main argument for it found in the first five chapters of Reference and Consciousness. The middle term of that argument is an account of what attention does: what its job or function is. There is much that is admirable in this account, and I am (...)
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  17.  7
    Mark Richard (2013). Inscrutability. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (sup1):165-209.
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  18. Julius M. Moravcsik (1998). Meaning, Creativity, and the Partial Inscrutability of the Human Mind. Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    In this book, Julius M. Moravcsik disputes that a natural language is not and should not be represented as a formal language. The book criticizes current philosophy of language as having an altered focus without adjusting the needed conceptual tools. It develops a new theory of lexical meaning, a new conception of cognition-humans not as information processing creatures but as primarily explanation and understanding seeking creatures-with information processing as a secondary, derivative activity. In conclusion, based on the theories of lexical (...)
     
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  19. Gordon E. Michalson (1987). The Inscrutability of Moral Evil in Kant. The Thomist 51 (2):246-269.
  20.  48
    Austen Clark (2006). Attention & Inscrutability: A Commentary on John Campbell, Reference and Consciousness for the Pacific APA Meeting, Pasadena, California, 2004. Philosophical Studies 127 (2):167-193.
    We assemble here in this time and place to discuss the thesis that conscious attention can provide knowledge of reference of perceptual demonstratives. I shall focus my commentary on what this claim means, and on the main argument for it found in the first five chapters of "Reference and Consciousness". The middle term of that argument is an account of what attention does: what its job or function is. There is much that is admirable in this account, and I am (...)
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  21.  17
    Francisco Calvo Garzon (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.
  22. Alex Orenstein (1997). Arguing From Inscrutability of Reference to Indeterminacy of Meaning. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 51 (202):507-519.
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  23.  5
    David Checkland (1990). On Meaning as Use and the Inscrutability of Reference. Daimon: Revista de Filosofia 2:71-85.
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  24.  8
    Bruce W. Hauptli (1979). Inscrutability and Correspondence. Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):199-212.
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  25.  7
    Lina Verchery (2014). Ethics of Inscrutability: Ontologies of Emptiness in Buddhist Film. Contemporary Buddhism 15 (1):145-163.
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  26.  15
    Basil du Toit (1979). Ontological Relativity and the Inscrutability of Reference. Philosophical Papers 8 (2):57-65.
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  27.  9
    John R. Welch (1984). Referential Inscrutability: Coming to Terms Without It. Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (2):263-273.
    According to Quine, terms of divided reference like 'rabbit' have two sorts of problems: problems of direct and deferred ostension. Hence the reference of these terms is inscrutable. This article holds that the problems of deferred ostension can be handled by Goodman's theory of projection, and that the problems of direct ostension turn out to be pedestrian problems of signs.
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  28.  9
    Gregory Reichberg (1987). Nominalism and the Inscrutability of Substance in Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 61:132-142.
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  29.  12
    Michael J. Loux & Wm David Solomon (1974). Quine on the Inscrutability and Relativity of Reference. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (1):16-24.
  30.  15
    Jacqueline Miller Thomason (1971). Ontological Relativity and the Inscrutability of Reference. Philosophical Studies 22 (4):50 - 56.
  31. Robert Stainton (1999). Julius Moravcsik, Meaning, Creativity and the Partial Inscrutability of the Human Mind Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 19 (5):358-360.
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  32.  12
    Douglas Greenlee (1973). Relativity Without Inscrutability. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):574-578.
  33.  8
    Edward L. Schoen (1979). Introspection and the Inscrutability of Reference. Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (4):523-529.
    It is commonly thought that w v quine's indeterminacy thesis can be devastatingly undercut by a straightforward survey of the details of one's own linguistic capabilities. However, Because any such survey must depend upon a repudiation of the quinean doctrines used to generate his thesis, Objections based upon introspective evidence remain question begging without a critique of those more central doctrines. Since such a critique would be sufficient in itself to undermine quine's thesis, Objections based upon introspective gleanings must be (...)
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  34.  2
    Francisco Calvo Garzón (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.
  35.  6
    Robert J. Stainton, Meaning, Creativity and the Partial Inscrutability of the Human Mind, by Julius M. Moravcsik.
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  36.  4
    Michael Meyer (1985). Response to “Referential Inscrutability'. Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):137-141.
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  37.  3
    Francisco Calvo Garzon (2000). A Connectionist Defence of the Inscrutability Thesis. Mind and Language 15 (5):465-480.
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  38.  1
    Austen Clark (2006). Attention & Inscrutability: A Commentary on John Campbell, for the Pacific APA Meeting, Pasadena, California, 2004. Philosophical Studies 127 (2):167-193.
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  39. Christopher S. Hill (1984). Animadversions on the Inscrutability Thesis. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (3):303.
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  40. Willard V. Quine (1971). The Inscrutability of Reference. In Danny D. Steinberg & Leon A. Jacobovits (eds.), Semantics: An Interdisciplinary Reader in Philosophy, Linguistics, and Psychology. Cambridge University Press 142-54.
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  41. Greg Ray (1997). Fodor and the Inscrutability Problem. Mind and Language 12 (3-4):475-489.
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  42. Manley Thompson (1972). Quine and the Inscrutability of Reference. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 26 (99/100):42-62.
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  43.  45
    Juan José Lara Peñaranda (2013). Ontology: Minimalism and Truth-Conditions. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):683-696.
    In this paper, I develop a criticism to a method for metaontology, namely, the idea that a discourse’s or theory’s ontological commitments can be read off its sentences’ truth- conditions. Firstly, I will put forward this idea’s basis and, secondly, I will present the way Quine subscribed to it. However, I distinguish between two readings of Quine’s famous ontological criterion, and I center the focus on the one currently dubbed “ontological minimalism”, a kind of modern Ockhamism applied to the mentioned (...)
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  44. T. Parent (forthcoming). An Objection to the Laplacean Chalmers. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:1-4.
    I discuss David Chalmers’ “scrutability thesis,” roughly that a Laplacean intellect could know every truth about the universe from a “compact class” of basic truths. It is argued that despite Chalmers’ remarks to the contrary, the thesis is problematic owing to quantum indeterminacy. Chalmers attempts to “frontload” various principles into the compact class to help out. But though frontloading may succeed in principle, Chalmers does not frontload enough to avoid the problem.
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  45.  43
    John Robert Gareth Williams (2008). Gavagai Again. Synthese 164 (2):235 - 259.
    Quine (1960, Word and object. Cambridge, Mass.:MIT Press, ch. 2) claims that there are a variety of equally good schemes for translating or interpreting ordinary talk. ‘Rabbit’ might be taken to divide its reference over rabbits, over temporal slices of rabbits, or undetached parts of rabbits, without significantly affecting which sentences get classified as true and which as false. This is the basis of his famous ‘argument from below’ to the conclusion that there can be no fact of the matter (...)
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  46.  21
    C. A. J. Coady (1997). Objecting Morally. Journal of Ethics 1 (4):375-397.
    Just war theory entails that some wars may be morally unjustifiable, and hence citizens may be right to object morally to their government''s waging of a war and to their being compelled to serve in it. Given the evils attendant upon even justified war, this fact sharply restricts any obligation to die for the state, and raises important questions about the appropriate state response to selective conscientious objectors. This paper argues that such people should be legally accommodated, and discusses objections (...)
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  47.  59
    Eli Hirsch (1993). Dividing Reality. Oxford University Press.
    The central question in this book is why it seems reasonable for the words of our language to divide up the world in ordinary ways rather than other imaginable ways. Hirsch calls this the division problem. His book aims to bring this problem into sharp focus, to distinguish it from various related problems, and to consider the best prospects for solving it. In exploring various possible responses to the division problem, Hirsch examines series of "division principles" which purport to express (...)
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  48.  27
    John Zammito (2006). Teleology Then and Now: The Question of Kant's Relevance for Contemporary Controversies Over Function in Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 37 (4):748-770.
    Kant -- drawing on his eighteenth-century predecessors -- provided a discerning and powerful characterization of what biologists had to explain in organic form. His difference from the rest is that he opined that was impossible to explain it. Its ’inscrutability’ was intrinsic. The third ’Critique’ essentially proposed the reduction of biology to a kind of prescientific descriptivism, doomed never to attain authentic scientificity. By contrast, for Locke, and ’a fortiori’ for Buffon and his followers, ’intrinsic purposiveness’ was a fact (...)
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  49.  25
    Holger Lyre & Tim Oliver Eynck (2003). Curve It, Gauge It, or Leave It? Practical Underdetermination in Gravitational Theories. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 34 (2):277-303.
    Four empirically equivalent versions of general relativity, namely standard GR, Lorentz-invariant gravitational theory,and the gravitational gauge theories of the Lorentz and translation groups, are investigated in the form of a case study for theory underdetermination. The various ontological indeterminacies (both underdetermination and inscrutability of reference) inherent in gravitational theories are analyzed in a detailed comparative study. The concept of practical underdetermination is proposed, followed by a discussion of its adequacy to describe scientific progress.
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  50.  29
    Dennis Vanden Auweele (2013). The Lutheran Influence on Kant's Depraved Will. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (2):117-134.
    Contemporary Kant-scholarship has a tendency to allign Kant’s understanding of depravity closer to Erasmus than Luther in their famous debate on the freedom of the will (1520–1527). While, at face value, some paragraphs do warrant such a claim, I will argue that Kant’s understanding of the radical evil will draws closer to Luther than Erasmus in a number of elements. These elements are (1) the intervention of the Wille for progress towards the good, (2) a positive choice for evil, (3) (...)
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