Search results for 'of Mathematics, Stanford Unviersity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mark Colyvan, Indispensability Arguments in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 297.0
    One of the most intriguing features of mathematics is its applicability to empirical science. Every branch of science draws upon large and often diverse portions of mathematics, from the use of Hilbert spaces in quantum mechanics to the use of differential geometry in general relativity. It's not just the physical sciences that avail themselves of the services of mathematics either. Biology, for instance, makes extensive use of difference equations and statistics. The roles mathematics plays in these theories is also varied. (...)
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  2. Alexander Paseau (2008). Naturalism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 297.0
    Contemporary philosophy’s three main naturalisms are methodological, ontological and epistemological. Methodological naturalism states that the only authoritative standards are those of science. Ontological and epistemological naturalism respectively state that all entities and all valid methods of inquiry are in some sense natural. In philosophy of mathematics of the past few decades methodological naturalism has received the lion’s share of the attention, so we concentrate on this. Ontological and epistemological naturalism in the philosophy of mathematics are discussed more briefly in section (...)
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  3. Øystein Linnebo (2009). Platonism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 280.5
    Platonism about mathematics (or mathematical platonism) is the metaphysical view that there are abstract mathematical objects whose existence is independent of us and our language, thought, and practices. In this survey article, the view is clarified and distinguished from some related views, and arguments for and against the view are discussed.
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  4. Mark Balaguer, Fictionalism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 279.0
    Mathematical fictionalism (or as I'll call it, fictionalism) is best thought of as a reaction to mathematical platonism. Platonism is the view that (a) there exist abstract mathematical objects (i.e., nonspatiotemporal mathematical objects), and (b) our mathematical sentences and theories provide true descriptions of such objects. So, for instance, on the platonist view, the sentence ‘3 is prime’ provides a straightforward description of a certain object—namely, the number 3—in much the same way that the sentence ‘Mars is red’ provides a (...)
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  5. Leon Horsten, Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 279.0
    If mathematics is regarded as a science, then the philosophy of mathematics can be regarded as a branch of the philosophy of science, next to disciplines such as the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of biology. However, because of its subject matter, the philosophy of mathematics occupies a special place in the philosophy of science. Whereas the natural sciences investigate entities that are located in space and time, it is not at all obvious that this is also the case (...)
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  6. Øystein Linnebo (forthcoming). Platonism in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 274.5
    Platonism about mathematics (or mathematical platonism) isthe metaphysical view that there are abstract mathematical objectswhose existence is independent of us and our language, thought, andpractices. Just as electrons and planets exist independently of us, sodo numbers and sets. And just as statements about electrons and planetsare made true or false by the objects with which they are concerned andthese objects' perfectly objective properties, so are statements aboutnumbers and sets. Mathematical truths are therefore discovered, notinvented., Existence. There are mathematical objects.
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  7. Kurt Gödel & of Mathematics, Stanford Unviersity (2003). Kurt Gödel: Collected Works: Volume IV: Selected Correspondence, A-G. Clarendon Press.score: 258.0
    Kurt Gödel (1906 - 1978) was the most outstanding logician of the twentieth century, famous for his hallmark works on the completeness of logic, the incompleteness of number theory, and the consistency of the axiom of choice and the continuum hypothesis. He is also noted for his work on constructivity, the decision problem, and the foundations of computability theory, as well as for the strong individuality of his writings on the philosophy of mathematics. He is less well known for his (...)
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  8. Victor Rodych, Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 238.5
  9. C. Swoyer (forthcoming). Uses of Properties in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 238.5
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  10. J. Donald Monk, The Mathematics of Boolean Algebra. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 216.0
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  11. Edward N. Zalta (ed.) (2004). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Metaphysics Research Lab.score: 168.0
    The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is an open access, dynamic reference work designed to organize professional philosophers so that they can write, edit, and maintain a reference work in philosophy that is responsive to new research. From its inception, the SEP was designed so that each entry is maintained and kept up to date by an expert or group of experts in the field. All entries and substantive updates are refereed by the members of a distinguished Editorial Board before (...)
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  12. Ioannis Votsis (2007). Review of Kyle Stanford’s Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. [REVIEW] International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (1):103 – 106.score: 165.0
    In recent years, two challenges stand out against scientific realism: the argument from the underdetermination of theories by evidence (UTE) and the pessimistic induction argument (PI). In his book, Kyle Stanford accepts the gravity of these challenges, but argues that the most serious and powerful challenge to scientific realism has been neglected. The problem of unconceived alternatives (PUA), as he calls it, is introduced in chapter one and refined in chapter two. In short, PUA holds that throughout history scientists (...)
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  13. Philip A. Ebert & Marcus Rossberg (2009). Ed Zalta's Version of Neo-Logicism: A Friendly Letter of Complaint. In Hannes Leitgeb & Alexander Hieke (eds.), Reduction – Abstraction – Analysis. Ontos. 11--305.score: 162.0
    In this short letter to Ed Zalta we raise a number of issues with regards to his version of Neo-Logicism. The letter is, in parts, based on a longer manuscript entitled “What Neo-Logicism could not be” which is in preparation. A response by Ed Zalta to our letter can be found on his website: http://mally.stanford.edu/publications.html (entry C3).
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  14. H. H. Caldwell (1922). Adult Tests of the Stanford Revision Applied to University Faculty Members. Journal of Experimental Psychology 5 (4):247.score: 153.0
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  15. Stathis Psillos (2001). Predictive Similarity and the Success of Science: A Reply to Stanford. Philosophy of Science 68 (3):346-355.score: 150.0
    P. Kyle Stanford (2000) attempts to offer a truth-linked explanation of the success of science which, he thinks, can be welcome to antirealists. He proposes an explanation of the success of a theory T1 in terms of its predictive similarity to the true theory T of the relevant domain. After raising some qualms about the supposed antirealist credentials of Stanford's account, I examine his explanatory story in some detail and show that it fails to offer a satisfactory explanation (...)
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  16. F. Neil Brady & Jeanne M. Logsdon (1988). Zimbardo's “Stanford Prison Experiment” and the Relevance of Social Psychology for Teaching Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):703 - 710.score: 150.0
    The prevailing pedagogical approach in business ethics generally underestimates or even ignores the powerful influences of situational factors on ethical analysis and decision-making. This is due largely to the predominance of philosophy-oriented teaching materials. Social psychology offers relevant concepts and experiments that can broaden pedagogy to help students understand more fully the influence of situational contexts and role expectations in ethical analysis. Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment is used to illustrate the relevance of social psychology experiments for business ethics instruction.
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  17. Colin Allen, Uri Nodelman & Edward N. Zalta (2002). The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: A Developed Dynamic Reference Work. In James Moor & Terrell Ward Bynum (eds.), Cyberphilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing. Blackwell Pub.. 210-228.score: 150.0
    In this entry, the authors outline the goals of a "dynamic reference work", and explain how the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy has been designed to achieve those goals.
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  18. Edward N. Zalta Uri Nodelman Colin Allen & John Perry, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 144.0
    Notice: This PDF version was distributed by request to members of the Friends of the SEP Society and by courtesy to SEP content contributors. It is solely for their fair use. Unauthorized distribution is prohibited. To learn how to join the Friends of the SEP Society and obtain authorized PDF versions of SEP entries, please visit https://leibniz.stanford.edu/friends/.
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  19. Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 144.0
    The origin of my article lies in the appearance of Copeland and Proudfoot's feature article in Scientific American, April 1999. This preposterous paper, as described on another page, suggested that Turing was the prophet of 'hypercomputation'. In their references, the authors listed Copeland's entry on 'The Church-Turing thesis' in the Stanford Encyclopedia. In the summer of 1999, I circulated an open letter criticising the Scientific American article. I included criticism of this Encyclopedia entry. This was forwarded (by Prof. Sol (...)
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  20. Stephen Adams (2009). Follow the Money: Engineering at Stanford and UC Berkeley During the Rise of Silicon Valley. Minerva 47 (4):367-390.score: 144.0
    A comparison of the engineering schools at UC Berkeley and Stanford during the 1940s and 1950s shows that having an excellent academic program is necessary but not sufficient to make a university entrepreneurial (an engine of economic development). Key factors that made Stanford more entrepreneurial than Cal during this period were superior leadership and a focused strategy. The broader institutional context mattered as well. Stanford did not have the same access to state funding as (...)
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  21. Eric Schliesser (2007). 'Hume's Newtonianism and Anti-Newtonianism', In: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. In Thaddeus Metz (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 144.0
  22. A. Rosenberg & F. Bouchard (2011). Fitness (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web 17.score: 144.0
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  23. Edward Zalta (ed.) (2008). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 144.0
     
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  24. Derek Attridge (2009). Martin Hägglund, Radical Atheism: Derrida and the Time of Life (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2008), 255pp, Hb $65.00 (USD), ISBN-10: 080470077X, ISBN-13: 978-0804700771; Pb $24.95 (USD), ISBN-10: 0804700788, ISBN-13: 978-0804700788. [REVIEW] Derrida Today 2 (2):271-281.score: 141.0
    Review of _Radical Atheism_, focusing on the question of hospitality.
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  25. A. T. Nuyen (1995). Book Reviews : John Martin Fischer, Ed., The Metaphysics of Death. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1993. Pp. Xiv, 423. Price $45.00 (Cloth), $16.95 (Paper). Jacques Derrida, Aporias. Translated by Thomas Dutoit. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1993. Pp. X, 87. Price $29.50 (Cloth), $12.95 (Paper). Zygmunt Bauman, Mortality, Immortality and Other Life Strategies. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1992. Pp. 215. Price $39.50 (Cloth), $14.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 25 (4):539-545.score: 141.0
  26. Hobart Tasmania, T. Patrick & M. A. Hill (1993). William E. Benitz, MD, is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Division of Neo-Natal and Developmental Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford Univer-Sity Medical Center, Stanford, California David A. Bennahum, MD, is Professor of Medicine & Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, and Serves as Chair of The. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2:253-254.score: 141.0
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  27. John Hope Mason (1997). Dale Van Kley, Ed., The French Idea of Freedom: The Old Regime and the Declaration of Rights of 1789, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1994, Pp. Xi + 436. [REVIEW] Utilitas 9 (03):364-.score: 135.0
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  28. Sanford Lakoff (1991). Saguiv A. Hadari, Theory in Practice: Tocqueville's New Science of Politics, Stanford, California, Stanford University Press, 1989, Pp. 182. Utilitas 3 (01):153-.score: 135.0
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  29. Yvon Gauthier (2004). Michael Friedman, Dynamics of Reason, Stanford, CSLI Publications, 2001, 141 Pages.Michael Friedman, Dynamics of Reason, Stanford, CSLI Publications, 2001, 141 Pages. [REVIEW] Philosophiques 31 (1):269-271.score: 135.0
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  30. Michael I. Jordan (1992). David E. Rumelhart Department of Psychology Stanford University. Cognitive Science 16:307-354.score: 135.0
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  31. Paisley Livingston (ed.) (1984). Disorder and Order: Proceedings of the Stanford International Symposium (Sept. 14-16, 1981). Anma Libri.score: 135.0
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  32. Marc Llambrich (2004). Menachem Lorberbaum: Politics and the Limits of Law. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 2001. Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política 4:178-180.score: 135.0
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  33. John McCarthy, Concepts of Logical Ai.score: 130.5
    Logical AI involves representing knowledge of an agent’s world, its goals and the current situation by sentences in logic. The agent decides what to do by inferring that a certain action or course of action is appropriate to achieve the goals. We characterize briefly a large number of concepts that have arisen in research in logical AI. Reaching human-level AI requires programs that deal with the common sense informatic situation. This in turn requires extensions from the way logic has been (...)
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  34. Patrick Enfield (2008). P. Kyle Stanford Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (4):881-895.score: 126.0
  35. Michael Tye, “Qualia,” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Revised 31 July 2007).score: 126.0
    Feelings and experiences vary widely. For example, I run my fingers over sandpaper, smell a skunk, feel a sharp pain in my finger, seem to see bright purple, become extremely angry. In each of these cases, I am the subject of a mental state with a very distinctive subjective character. There is something it is like for me to undergo each state, some phenomenology that it has. Philosophers often use the term ‘qualia’ (singular ‘quale’) to refer to the introspectively accessible, (...)
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  36. R. Collins (1998). Book Reviews : J. B. Thompson, The Media and Modernity. A Social Theory of the Media. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1996. Pp. 336. Cloth, $49.50; Paper, $16.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (1):152-155.score: 126.0
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  37. Jan van Eijck & Albert Visser, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 126.0
    Notice: This PDF version was distributed by request to members of the Friends of the SEP Society and by courtesy to SEP content contributors. It is solely for their fair use. Unauthorized distribution is prohibited. To learn how to join the Friends of the..
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  38. Robert Guay, Aesthetics of Appearing. By Martin Seel. Translated by John Farrell. Stanford: Stanford University Press. 2005. Pp. XIV + 238. £16.95. [REVIEW]score: 126.0
    One of the many virtues of Martin Seel’s Aesthetics of Appearing is that it lays its cards on the table at the very outset. The final three chapters consist in a series of complex digressions from the main discussion: one on the aesthetic significance of ‘resonating’(p. 139), one organized around the metaphysics of pictures, and one charged with defending the implausible claim that the artistic representation of violence is uniquely capable of revealing ‘what is violent about violence’ (p. 191). But (...)
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  39. David Harker (2008). P. Kyle Stanford:Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives,:Exceeding Our Grasp: Science, History, and the Problem of Unconceived Alternatives. Philosophy of Science 75 (2):251-253.score: 126.0
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  40. Tom Stern (2013). Theatre and Philosophy The Art of Theater, by James R. Hamilton. Oxford: Blackwell, 2007, Xv + 226 Pp. ISBN 978‐1‐4051‐1353‐3 Hb £21.99 The Necessity of Theater, by Paul Woodruff. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, Xiii + 257 Pp. ISBN 978‐0‐19‐533200‐1 Hb £17.99; ISBN 978‐0‐19‐539480‐1 Pb £10.99 The Drama of Ideas, by Martin Puchner. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, Xii + 254 Pp. ISBN 978‐0‐19‐973032‐2 Hb £19.99 Philosophers and Thespians: Thinking Performance, by Freddie Rokem. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2010, Xi + 227 Pp. ISBN 978‐0‐8047‐6349‐3 Hb $60.00; ISBN 978‐0‐8047‐6350‐9 Pb $21.95. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):158-167.score: 126.0
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  41. Mark Turner (ed.) (2006). The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity. OUP USA.score: 126.0
    All normal human beings alive in the last fifty thousand years appear to have possessed, in Mark Turner's phrase, "irrepressibly artful minds." Cognitively modern minds produced a staggering list of behavioral singularities--science, religion, mathematics, language, advanced tool use, decorative dress, dance, culture, art--that seems to indicate a mysterious and unexplained discontinuity between us and all other living things. This brute fact gives rise to some tantalizing questions: How did the artful mind emerge? What are the basic mental operations that make (...)
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  42. J. Thomas (1977). Book Reviews : Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Weber. By Anthony Giddens. London: Cambridge Uni Versity Press, 1971. Pp. XVII+ 261. 4.20. Images of Society: Essays on the Sociological Theories of Tocqueville, Marx and Durkheim. By Gianfranco Poggi. Stanford and London: Oxford University Press, 1972. Pp. XVI+ 267. $8.95. History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics. By Georg Lukacs. Translated by Rodney Livingstone. London: Merlin Press, 1971. Pp. Xlvii+ 356. $8.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 7 (2):201-206.score: 126.0
  43. R. Hudelson (1997). Book Reviews : Andrzej Walicki, Marxism and the Leap to the Kingdom of Freedom: The Rise and Fall of the Communist Utopia. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1995. Pp. 641. $65.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (3):357-360.score: 126.0
  44. A. T. Nuyen (1996). Book Reviews : Jean-Francois Lyotard, Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime. Translated by Elizabeth Rottenberg. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1994. Pp. X + 246. $37.50 (Cloth), $14.95 (Paper). Jean-Francois Lyotard, The Inhuman. Translated by Geofrey Bennington and Rachel Bowlby. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1991. Pp. Viii + 216. $37.50 (Cloth), $14.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (4):557-562.score: 126.0
  45. Jon Barwise, Solomon Feferman & David Israel (1986). Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: Stanford, California, 1985. Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (3):832-862.score: 126.0
  46. F. Muller (2004). Patrick Suppes, Representation and Invariance of Scientific Structures, CSLI Publications, Stanford, California (Distributed by Chicago University Press), ISBN 1-57586-333-2, 2002 (Pp. Ix+536, US $50.00). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 35 (4):713-720.score: 126.0
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  47. W. J. Buxton (1997). Book Reviews : Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht and K. Ludwig Pfeiffer, Eds., Materialities of Communication, Translated by William Whobrey. Stanford University Press, Stanford, 1994. Paper, $17.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (2):249-255.score: 126.0
  48. A. M. Koch (1997). Book Reviews : Wolfgang Schluchter, Paradoxes of Modernity: Culture and Conduct in the Theory of Max Weber. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. Asher Horowitz and Terry Maley, Eds., The Barbarism of Reason: Max Weber and the Twilight of Enlightenment. University of Toronto. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (4):551-557.score: 126.0
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  49. J. Heath (1996). Book Reviews : William Outhwaite, Habermas: A Critical Introduction. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 1994. Pp. 194. $14.50 (Paper), $35.00 (Cloth). Demetrius Teigas, Knowledge and Hermeneutic Understanding: A Study of the Habermas-Gadamer Debate. Bucknell University Press, Lewisburg, PA, 1995. Pp. 225. $39.50 (Cloth. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (4):567-572.score: 126.0
  50. W. R. (2002). The Einstein Tower: An Intertexture of Dynamic Construction, Relativity Theory, and Astronomy - Klaus Hentschel and Ann M. Hentschel (Trans.); Stanford University Press, 270pp., US $51, ISBN 0804728240. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (3):591-599.score: 126.0
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