Search results for '*Judgment' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gunnar Björnsson & Karl Persson (2009). Judgments of Moral Responsibility – a Unified Account. In [2009] Society for Philosophy and Psychology, 35th Annual Meeting (Bloomington, IN; June 12-14). 326-354.score: 6.0
    Recent work in experimental philosophy shows that folk intuitions about moral responsibility are sensitive to a surprising variety of factors. Whether people take agents to be responsible for their actions in deterministic scenarios depends on whether the deterministic laws are couched in neurological or psychological terms (Nahmias et. al. 2007), on whether actions are described abstractly or concretely, and on how serious moral transgression they seem to represent (Nichols & Knobe 2007). Finally, people are more inclined to hold an agent (...)
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  2. Carolyn Parkinson, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Philipp E. Koralus, Angela Mendelovici, Victoria McGeer & Thalia Wheatley (2011). Is Morality Unified? Evidence That Distinct Neural Systems Underlie Moral Judgments of Harm, Dishonesty, and Disgust. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 23 (10):3162-3180.score: 6.0
    Much recent research has sought to uncover the neural basis of moral judgment. However, it has remained unclear whether "moral judgments" are sufficiently homogenous to be studied scientifically as a unified category. We tested this assumption by using fMRI to examine the neural correlates of moral judgments within three moral areas: (physical) harm, dishonesty, and (sexual) disgust. We found that the judgment ofmoral wrongness was subserved by distinct neural systems for each of the different moral areas and that these differences (...)
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  3. Steven Sverdlik (2004). Intentionality and Moral Judgments in Commonsense Thought About Action. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 24 (2):224-236.score: 6.0
    The concept of intentional action occupies a central place in commonsense or folk psychological thought. Philosophers of action, psychologists and moral philosophers all have taken an interest in understanding this important concept. One issue that has been discussed by philosophers is whether the concept of intentional action is purely ‘naturalistic’, that is, whether it is entirely a descriptive concept that can be used to explain and predict behavior. (Of course, judgments using such a concept could be used to support moral (...)
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  4. John R. Sparks & Yue Pan (2010). Ethical Judgments in Business Ethics Research: Definition, and Research Agenda. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (3):405 - 418.score: 6.0
    Decades of empirical and theoretical research has produced an extensive literature on the ethical judgments construct. Given its importance to understanding people’s ethical choices, future research should explore the psychological processes that produce ethical judgments. In this paper, the authors discuss two steps needed to advance this effort. First, they note that the business ethics literature lacks a single, generally accepted definition of ethical judgments. After reviewing several extant definitions, the authors offer a definition of the construct and discuss its (...)
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  5. Tim Barnett & Cheryl Vaicys (2000). The Moderating Effect of Individuals' Perceptions of Ethical Work Climate on Ethical Judgments and Behavioral Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):351 - 362.score: 6.0
    Dimensions of the ethical work climate, as conceptualized by Victor and Cullen (1988), are potentially important influences on individual ethical decision-making in the organizational context. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of individuals' perceptions of work climate on their ethical judgments and behavioral intentions regarding an ethical dilemma. A national sample of marketers was surveyed in a scenario-based research study. The results indicated that, although perceived climate dimensions did not have a direct effect on behavioral intentions, there (...)
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  6. Bronwyn Finnigan (forthcoming). Meta-Ethics for Madhyamaka: Investigating the Justificatory Grounds of Moral Judgments. Philosophy East and West.score: 6.0
    This paper investigates whether the metaphysical commitments of Madhyamaka Buddhism afford a satisfactory justificatory ground for moral judgments. Finnigan and Tanaka (2011a) argue that they do not. Their argument has since been challenged by Tillemans (2010-11), who alleges that both Svātantrika and Prāsaṅgika Mādhyamikas can readily justify moral judgments by respective appeal to the doctrine of the two truths. This paper shall contest this claim with respect to Prāsaṅgika Madhyamaka. It shall provide several arguments to show that Prāsaṅgika cannot satisfactorily (...)
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  7. Daniele Porello (2010). Ranking Judgments in Arrow's Setting. Synthese 173 (2):199 - 210.score: 6.0
    In this paper, I investigate the relationship between preference and judgment aggregation, using the notion of ranking judgment introduced in List and Pettit (Synthese 140(1–2):207–235, 2004). Ranking judgments were introduced in order to state the logical connections between the impossibility theorem of aggregating sets of judgments proved in List and Pettit (Economics and Philosophy 18:89–110, 2002) and Arrow’s theorem (Arrow, Social choice and individual values, 1963). I present a proof of the theorem concerning ranking judgments as a corollary of Arrow’s (...)
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  8. Jos V. M. Welie (2001). Living Wills and Substituted Judgments: A Critical Analysis. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (2):169-183.score: 6.0
    In the literature three mechanisms are commonly distinguished to make decisions about the care of incompetent patients: A living will, a substituted judgment by a surrogate (who may or may not hold the power of attorney ), and a best interest judgment. Almost universally, the third mechanism is deemed the worst possible of the three, to be invoked only when the former two are unavailable. In this article, I argue in favor of best interest judgments. The evermore common aversion of (...)
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  9. John Cherry (2006). The Impact of Normative Influence and Locus of Control on Ethical Judgments and Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):113 - 132.score: 6.0
    The study extends the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in a cross-cultural setting, incorporating ethical judgments and locus of control in a comparison of Taiwanese and US businesspersons. A self-administered survey of 698 businesspersons from the US and Taiwan examined several hypothesized differences. Results indicate that while Taiwanese respondents have a more favorable attitude toward a requested bribe than US counterparts, and are less likely to view it as an ethical issue, their higher locus externality causes ethical judgments and behavioral (...)
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  10. Wolfgang Bender, Katrin Platzer & Kristina Sinemus (1995). On the Assessment of Genetic Technology: Reaching Ethical Judgments in the Light of Modern Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1):21-32.score: 6.0
    The “Model for Reaching Ethical Judgments in the context of Modern Technologies — the Case of Genetic Technology”, which is presented here, has arisen from the project “Ethical Criteria bearing upon Decisions taken in the field of Biotechnology”. This project has been pursued since 1991 in the Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Technikforschung (ZIT) of the Technical University of Darmstadt, with the purpose of examining decision-making in selected activities involving the production of transgenic plants that have a useful application. The model is (...)
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  11. V. Villa (1997). Legal Theory and Value Judgments. Law and Philosophy 16 (4):447-477.score: 6.0
    The aim of the paper is that of putting into question the dichotomy between fact-judgments and value judgments in the legal domain, with its epistemological presuppositions (descriptivist image of knowledge) and its methodological implications for legal knowledge (value freedom principle and neutrality thesis). The basic question that I will try to answer is whether and on what conditions strong ethical value-judgments belong within legal knowledge. I criticize the traditional positivist positions that have fully accepted the value-freedom principle and value-neutrality thesis, (...)
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  12. Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason (2013). Ethical Judgments: What Do We Know, Where Do We Go? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 115 (3):575-597.score: 6.0
    Investigations into ethical judgments generally seem fuzzy as to the relevant research domain. We first attempted to clarify the construct and determine domain parameters. This attempt required addressing difficulties associated with pinpointing relevant literature, most notably the varied nomenclature used to refer to ethical judgments (individual evaluations of actions’ ethicality). Given this variation in construct nomenclature and the difficulties it presented in identifying pertinent focal studies, we elected to focus on research that cited papers featuring prominent and often-used measures of (...)
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  13. Rosemary Hunter (2012). The Power of Feminist Judgments? Feminist Legal Studies 20 (2):135-148.score: 6.0
    Recent years have seen the advent of two feminist judgment-writing projects, the Women’s Court of Canada, and the Feminist Judgments Project in England. This article analyses these projects in light of Carol Smart’s feminist critique of law and legal reform and her proposed feminist strategies in Feminism and the Power of Law (1989). At the same time, it reflects on Smart’s arguments 20 years after their first publication and considers the extent to which feminist judgment-writing projects may reinforce or trouble (...)
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  14. Peter E. Mudrack & E. Sharon Mason (2013). Dilemmas, Conspiracies, and Sophie's Choice: Vignette Themes and Ethical Judgments. Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):639-653.score: 6.0
    Knowledge about ethical judgments has not advanced appreciably after decades of research. Such research, however, has rarely addressed the possible importance of the content of such judgments; that is, the material appearing in the brief vignettes or scenarios on which survey respondents base their evaluations. Indeed, this content has seemed an afterthought in most investigations. This paper closely examined the vast array of vignettes that have appeared in relevant research in an effort to reduce this proliferation to a more concise (...)
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  15. Sanjay Putrevu & Krist Swimberghek (2013). The Influence of Religiosity on Consumer Ethical Judgments and Responses Toward Sexual Appeals. Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):351-365.score: 6.0
    This research explores the influence of religiosity on consumer perception of, and response toward, sexual appeals. The first study (survey, national sample; n = 423) examines the relationship between religiosity and consumer response toward sexual appeals using causal modeling. Study 1 finds that high intrinsic religiosity consumers exhibit more adverse ethical judgments toward the company’s use of sexual appeals and these judgments, in turn, result in inferior attitudes and purchase intent toward the advertised brand. To confirm and expand on these (...)
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  16. Valentina Bambini, Marta Ghio, Andrea Moro & Petra B. Schumacher (2013). Differentiating Among Pragmatic Uses of Words Through Timed Sensicality Judgments: Metaphor, Metonymy and Approximation. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 6.0
    Pragmatic and cognitive accounts of figurative language posit a difference between metaphor and metonymy in terms of underlying conceptual operations. Recently, other pragmatic uses of words have been accounted for in the Relevance Theory framework, such as approximation, described in terms of conceptual adjustment that varies in degree and direction with respect to the case of metaphor. Despite the theoretical distinctions, there is very poor experimental evidence addressing the metaphor/metonymy distinction, and none concerning approximation. Here we used meticulously built materials (...)
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  17. Lyra Jakulevičienė (2012). Lessons of the First EU Court of Justice Judgments in Asylum Cases. Jurisprudence 19 (2):477-505.score: 6.0
    Starting from 2009, national courts of the EU Member States for the first time gained a “real” right to request the EU Court of Justice for preliminary rulings in asylum matters. First judgments of this Court demonstrate equivocal tendencies: some are blaming the Court for incompetence in asylum matters, others believe that the adoption of authoritative decisions at the European level will assist in developing consistent practice of applying asylum law in the European Union, something that failed at international level (...)
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  18. Davide Mazzi (2010). “This Argument Fails for Two Reasons…”: A Linguistic Analysis of Judicial Evaluation Strategies in US Supreme Court Judgments. [REVIEW] International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 23 (4):373-385.score: 6.0
    The centrality of argumentation in the judicial process is an age-old acquisition of research on legal discourse. Notwithstanding the deep insights provided by legal theoretical and philosophical works, only recently has judicial argumentation been tackled in its linguistic dimension. This paper aims to contribute to the development of linguistic studies of judicial argumentation, by shedding light on evaluation as a prominent aspect in the construction of the judge’s argumentative position. Evaluation as a deep structure of judicial argumentation is studied from (...)
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  19. Tracy A. Suter, Steven W. Kopp & David M. Hardesty (2004). The Relationship Between General Ethical Judgments and Copying Behavior at Work. Journal of Business Ethics 55 (1):61 - 70.score: 6.0
    Electronic technologies, in general, and computer-oriented technologies specifically have had a tremendous impact on all aspects of business. One area of increased concern is the protection of intellectual properties -- notably copyrights -- within the boundaries of the broadly defined technology industry. While the ability to share copyrighted information has always existed at the most basic levels, the advent of the information age has allowed the sharing of this information to take place in potentially greater quantities and without a loss (...)
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  20. S. K. Chou (1935). Reading and Legibility of Chinese Characters: IV. An Analysis of Judgments of Positions of Chinese Characters by American Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (3):318.score: 5.0
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  21. V. R. Carlson (1962). Size-Constancy Judgments and Perceptual Compromise. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):68.score: 5.0
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  22. Frederick N. Dyer (1973). Same and Different Judgments for Word-Color Pairs with "Irrelevant" Words or Colors: Evidence for Word-Code Comparisons. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):102.score: 5.0
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  23. H. Gurnee (1937). A Comparison of Collective and Individual Judgments of Fact. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (1):106.score: 5.0
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  24. Frank L. Agee & Walter C. Gogel (1967). Equidistance Judgments in the Vicinity of a Binocular Illusion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):87-92.score: 5.0
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  25. Norman H. Anderson (1974). Cross-Task Validation of Functional Measurement Using Judgments of Total Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):226.score: 5.0
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  26. Norman H. Anderson & Richard E. Whalen (1960). Likelihood Judgments and Sequential Effects in a Two-Choice Probability Learning Situation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (2):111.score: 5.0
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  27. L. Arons & F. W. Irwin (1932). Equal Weights and Psychophysical Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):733.score: 5.0
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  28. Katherine E. Baker & Irene Mackintosh (1955). The Influence of Past Associations Upon Attributive Color Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (4):281.score: 5.0
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  29. Katherine E. Baker & Frank J. Dudek (1955). Weight Scales From Ratio Judgments and Comparisons of Existent Weight Scales. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (5):293.score: 5.0
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  30. E. N. Barnhart (1939). A Spaced Order of Merit for Preference Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 25 (5):506.score: 5.0
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  31. J. G. Beebe-Center (1931). The Variability of Affective Judgments Upon Odors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 14 (1):91.score: 5.0
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  32. Ian Begg & Edward J. Rowe (1972). Continuous Judgments of Word Frequency and Familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):48.score: 5.0
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  33. C. R. Bell & K. A. Provins (1963). Relations Between Physiological Responses to Environmental Heat and Time Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (6):572.score: 5.0
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  34. Michael H. Birnbaum (1972). Morality Judgments: Tests of an Averaging Model. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):35.score: 5.0
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  35. Robert C. Bobbitt & Robert C. Beck (1971). Semantic Differential Judgments of Single and Multiple Conditioned Stimuli with an Aversive Delay Conditioning Paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):398.score: 5.0
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  36. Myron L. Braunstein & John W. Payne (1969). Perspective and Form Ratio as Determinants of Relative Slant Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):584.score: 5.0
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  37. Donald T. Campbell, Nan A. Lewis & W. A. Hunt (1958). Context Effects with Judgmental Language That is Absolute, Extensive, and Extra-Experimentally Anchored. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):220.score: 5.0
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  38. V. R. Carlson & E. P. Tassone (1967). Independent Size Judgments at Different Distances. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (4p1):491.score: 5.0
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  39. Thomas R. Corwin & Robert M. Boynton (1968). Transitivity of Visual Judgments of Simultaneity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):560.score: 5.0
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  40. John Coules (1955). Effect of Photometric Brightness on Judgments of Distance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):19.score: 5.0
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  41. E. Culler (1926). Studies in Psychometric Theory. XI. The Effect of Practice on the Distribution of Judgments. XII. On the T-Method: A Procedure for Finding the Trend of Any Series of Numbers. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (3):169.score: 5.0
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  42. Dwight W. Curtis (1970). Magnitude Estimations and Category Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Intervals: A Two-Stage Interpretation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (2p1):201.score: 5.0
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  43. Dwight W. Curtis & Stanley J. Rule (1972). Magnitude Judgments of Brightness and Brightness Difference as a Function of Background Reflectance. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):215.score: 5.0
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  44. Clinton De Soto (1958). Two-Category Judgments of Sequences of Stimuli of Two Values. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (1):34.score: 5.0
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  45. Vincent Di Lollo & Richard Kirkham (1969). Judgmental Contrast Effects in Relation to Range of Stimulus Values. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):421.score: 5.0
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  46. Stephen H. Ellis (1972). Interaction of Encoding and Retrieval in Relative Age Judgments: An Extension of the "Crossover" Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):291-294.score: 5.0
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  47. Lois Lawrence Elliott (1958). Reliability of Judgments of Figural Complexity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (4):335.score: 5.0
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  48. Trygg Engen & Carl Pfaffmann (1960). Absolute Judgments of Odor Quality. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (4):214.score: 5.0
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  49. Trygg Engen & Nissim Levy (1956). Constant-Sum Judgments of Facial Expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (6):396.score: 5.0
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  50. Trygg Engen & Ülker Tulunay (1957). Some Sources of Error in Half-Heaviness Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (3):208.score: 5.0
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