Search results for '*Neurophysiology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  44
    Yuval Nir & Giulio Tononi (2010). Dreaming and the Brain: From Phenomenology to Neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):88-100.
    Dreams are a remarkable experiment in psychology and neuroscience, conducted every night in every sleeping person. They show that the human brain, disconnected from the environment, can generate an entire world of conscious experiences by itself. Content analysis and developmental studies have promoted understanding of dream phenomenology. In parallel, brain lesion studies, functional imaging and neurophysiology have advanced current knowledge of the neural basis of dreaming. It is now possible to start integrating these two strands of research to address fundamental (...)
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  2.  27
    Heinrich Weßling (2014). Neurophysiology and the Problem of Human Free Will: A Case of “Nihil Sub Sole Novum”? [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):37-51.
    Over the last decade in Germany, a number of neuroscientists—and among them most prominently Wolf Singer—have claimed to be able to offer scientific evidence derived from neurophysiologic findings to conclusively negate the existence of human free will. In this paper, Singer’s position is examined according to its principal characteristics in order to answer the question whether it is a novel position as opposed to a position pertaining to one of the traditions of western philosophy and anthropology. Furthermore, we try to (...)
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  3.  44
    Dirk Hartmann (2004). Neurophysiology and Freedom of the Will. Poiesis and Praxis 2 (4):275-284.
    In the first two sections of the paper, some basic terminological distinctions regarding “freedom of the will” as a philosophical problem are expounded and discussed. On this basis, the third section focuses on the examination of two neurophysiological experiments (one by Benjamin Libet and one by William Grey Walter), which in recent times are often interpreted as providing an empirical vindication of determinism and, accordingly, a refutation of positions maintaining freedom of the will. It will be argued that both experiments (...)
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  4.  8
    Adrian Burgess (2007). On the Contribution of Neurophysiology to Hypnosis Research: Current State and Future Directions. In Graham A. Jamieson (ed.), Hypnosis and Conscious States: The Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. Oxford University Press 195-219.
  5.  21
    Chris Mortensen (1980). Neurophysiology and Experiences. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 58 (September):250-264.
  6.  2
    A. H. Holway, R. C. Staton & M. J. Zigler (1940). The Neurophysiology of Hearing: I. The Magnitude of Threshold-Stimuli During Recovery From Stimulation-Deafness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (6):669.
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  7. Gary Hatfield (2000). The Brain's 'New' Science: Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):388-404.
    There is a strong philosophical intuition that direct study of the brain can and will constrain the development of psychological theory. When this intuition is tested against case studies on the neurophysiology and psychology of perception and memory, it turns out that psychology has led the way toward knowledge of neurophysiology. An abstract argument is developed to show that psychology can and must lead the way in neuroscientific study of mental function. The opposing intuition is based on mainly weak arguments (...)
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  8.  19
    Gary Hatfield (1999). Mental Functions as Constraints on Neurophysiology: Biology and Psychology of Vision. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology. 251--71.
    This chapter examines a question at the intersection of the mind-body problem and the analysis of mental representation: the question of the direction of constraint between psychological fact and theory and neurophysiological or physical fact and theory. Does physiology constrain psychology? Are physiological facts more basic than psychological facts? Or do psychological theories, including representational analyses, guide and constrain physiology? Despite the antireductionist bent of functionalist positions, it has generally been assumed that physics or physiology are more basic than, and (...)
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  9.  12
    Don Locke (1974). Action, Movement, and Neurophysiology. Inquiry 17 (1-4):23 – 42.
    Action is to be distinguished from (mere) bodily movement not by reference to an agent's intentions, or his conscious control of his movements (Sect. I), but by reference to the agent as cause of those movements, though this needs to be understood in a way which destroys the alleged distinction between agent-causation and event-causation (Sect. II). It also raises the question of the relation between an agent and his neurophysiology (Sect. III), and eventually the question of the compatibility of purposive (...)
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  10.  34
    Georg Northoff (2002). Neurophysiology, Neuropsychiatry and Neurophilosophy of Catatonia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):592-599.
    The excellent and highly interesting commentaries address the following concerns: (1) neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of catatonia; (2) cognitive-motor deficits in catatonia; (3) conceptual issues; (4) general methodology in neuropsychiatric research; and (5) neurophilosophical implications. The specific problems, issues, and aspects raised by the different commentators are grouped under these categories in Table R1 presented below. These five areas of concern are then discussed in the order listed in the five sections of the Response.
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  11.  6
    William J. Clancey (2000). Conceptual Coordination Bridges Information Processing and Neurophysiology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):919-922.
    Information processing theories of memory and skills can be reformulated in terms of how categories are physically and temporally related, a process called conceptual coordination. Dreaming can then be understood as a story-understanding process in which two mechanisms found in everyday comprehension are missing: conceiving sequences (chunking categories in time as a higher-order categorization) and coordinating across modalities (e.g., relating the sound of a word and the image of its meaning). On this basis, we can readily identify isomorphisms between dream (...)
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  12.  1
    Arno Ros (1996). Bemerkungen Zum Verhältnis Zwischen Neurophysiologie Und PsychologieRemarks on the Relations Between Neurophysiology and Psychology. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (1):91-130.
    Remarks on the Relations between Neurophysiology and Psychology. In the last decades of Analytical Philosophy, contributions to the so-called mind-body-problem have been suffering by several serious methodological misunderstandings: they have failed, for instance, to distinguish between explanations of particular and strictly general properties and between two important senses of existential statements; and they have overlooked the role conceptual explanations play in the development of science. Changing our methodological premisses, we should be able to put questions like that of the relation (...)
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  13. Gary Hatfield (2009). What Can the Mind Tell Us About the Brain? Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint. In Perception and Cognition: Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology. Clarendon Press 434-55.
    This chapter examines the relations between psychology and neuroscience. There is a strong philosophical intuition that direct study of the brain can and will constrain the development of psychological theory. When this intuition is tested against case studies from the psychology of perception and memory, it turns out that psychology has led the way toward knowledge of neurophysiology. The chapter presents an abstract argument to show that psychology can and must lead the way in neuroscientific study of mental function. The (...)
     
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  14.  42
    Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part II: Constraining the Semantic Problem. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):137-58.
    The main idea in this series of essays is that subjective awareness depends upon the intralaminar nuclei of each thalmus . This implies that the internal structure and external relations of ILN make subjective awareness possible. An array of material relevant to this proposal was briefly reviewed in Part I . This Part II considers in more detail some semantic aspects and a bit of philosophic background as these pertain to propositions 0, 1, and 2 of Part I. Part II (...)
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  15.  2
    Chris Mortensen (1989). Mental Images: Should Cognitive Science Learn From Neurophysiology? In Peter Slezak (ed.), Computers, Brains and Minds. Kluwer 123--136.
  16.  27
    Giulio Tononi Yuval Nir (2010). Dreaming and the Brain: From Phenomenology to Neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):88.
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  17.  2
    Richard M. Warren (1979). From Neurophysiology to Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):288.
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  18. Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness, Part I: An Overview. Consciousness and Cognition 4:52-62.
  19.  1
    Claus Bundesen, Thomas Habekost & Soren Kyllingsbæk (2005). A Neural Theory of Visual Attention: Bridging Cognition and Neurophysiology. Psychological Review 112 (2):291-328.
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  20. Ralph Norman Haber (1979). Are We Ready to Bootstrap Neurophysiology Into an Understanding of Perception? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):263-264.
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  21.  37
    Benjamin W. Libet (1993). Neurophysiology of Consciousness: Selected Papers and New Essays. Birkhauser.
    Behav. and Brain Sci., 8, 558-566. Libet, B. (1987). 'Consciousness: Conscious, Subjective Experience.' In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience , ed. G. Adelman. ...
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  22.  33
    Gregory C. DeAngelis (2000). Seeing in Three Dimensions: The Neurophysiology of Stereopsis. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):80-90.
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  23.  34
    Anthony Landreth & John Bickle (2008). Neuroeconomics, Neurophysiology and the Common Currency Hypothesis. Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):419-429.
    We briefly describe ways in which neuroeconomics has made contributions to its contributing disciplines, especially neuroscience, and a specific way in which it could make future contributions to both. The contributions of a scientific research programme can be categorized in terms of (1) description and classification of phenomena, (2) the discovery of causal relationships among those phenomena, and (3) the development of tools to facilitate (1) and (2). We consider ways in which neuroeconomics has advanced neuroscience and economics along each (...)
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  24.  25
    Joseph E. Bogen (1995). On the Neurophysiology of Consciousness: 1. An Overview. Consciousness and Cognition 4 (1):52-62.
    How certain neural mechanisms momentarily endow with the subjective awareness percepts and affects represented elsewhere is more likely to be clarified when structures essential to Mc are identified. The loss of C with bilateral thalmic lesions involving the intralaminar nuclei contrasts with retention of C after large cortical ablations depriving C of specific contents. A role of ILN in the perception of primitive sensations is suggested by their afference of directly ascending pathways. A role for ILN in awareness of cortical (...)
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  25. K. Rao (2011). Applied Yoga Psychology Studies of Neurophysiology of Meditation. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):161-198.
    Yoga-Sutras of Patanjali is a foundational psychological text that organizes, codifies, and systematically presents in s_tra form the psychology as practised in India around second century BCE. Its theme is to help humans free themselves from their congenital bondage due to conditioned existence and consequent suffering. The goal is to restore the person to her inherent unconditioned blissful being. The quintessence of Yoga is meditation. Meditation consists of dharana and dhyana, a contemplative state of passive attention precipitated by a prolonged (...)
     
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  26.  13
    Michael Hammond (2003). The Enhancement Imperative: The Evolutionary Neurophysiology of Durkheimian Solidarity. Sociological Theory 21 (4):359-374.
    Durkheimian solidarity, especially in regard to religion, is reanalyzed in terms of recent developments in the neurosciences and evolution. Neurophysiological studies indicate that religious arousers can piggyback on reward circuitry established by natural selection for interpersonal attachments. This piggybacking is rooted in uneven evolutionary changes in cognitive capacities, emotional arousal capabilities, and preconscious screening rules for rewarding arousal release. Uneven development means that only a special class of enhanced arousers embedded in macro social structures can tap some of the reservoirs (...)
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  27. Allan Hobson (1988). Psychoanalytic Dream Theory: A Critique Based Upon Modern Neurophysiology. In P. Clark & C. J. G. Wright (eds.), Mind, Psychoanalysis and Science. Blackwell 277--308.
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  28.  28
    Kiyoshi Nakahara, Yusuke Adachi, Takahiro Osada & Yasushi Miyashita (2007). Exploring the Neural Basis of Cognition: Multi-Modal Links Between Human fMRI and Macaque Neurophysiology. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):84-92.
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  29.  21
    Micah M. Murray & Christoph S. Herrmann (2013). Illusory Contours: A Window Onto the Neurophysiology of Constructing Perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (9):471-481.
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  30. Franz Riffert & Michel Weber (2003). Searching for New Contrasts Whiteheadian Contributions to Contemporary Challenges in Neurophysiology, Psychology, Psychotherapy, and the Philosophy of Mind.
     
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  31.  6
    Ervin Laszlo (1969). Marxism-Leninismvs. neurophysiology. Studies in Soviet Thought 9 (2):104-111.
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  32.  6
    Ervin Laszlo (1969). The Confrontation on Neurophysiology in Hungary. Studies in Soviet Thought 9 (4):311-333.
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  33.  16
    Ervin Laszlo (1969). The Confrontation on Neurophysiology in Hungary. Studies in East European Thought 9 (4):311-333.
  34.  39
    James P. Henry (1986). Religious Experience, Archetypes, and the Neurophysiology of Emotions. Zygon 21 (1):47-74.
  35.  1
    Dario Ringach & Robert Shapley (2004). Reverse Correlation in Neurophysiology. Cognitive Science 28 (2):147-166.
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  36.  18
    D. Pare & R. Llinas (1995). Conscious and Pre-Conscious Processes as Seen From the Standpoint of Sleep-Waking Cycle Neurophysiology. Neuropsychologia 33:1155-1168.
  37.  28
    Max Kistler (2009). Cognition and Neurophysiology: Mechanism, Reduction, and Pluralism. Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):539-541.
    The papers collected in this volume explore some of the powers and limitations of the concept of mechanism for the scientific understanding of cognitive systems, and aim at bringing together some of the most recent developments in the philosophical understanding of the relation of cognition to neuroscience. Earlier versions of most papers have been presented at a workshop held in Paris on June 19th, 2006, which was organized by Institut Jean Nicod and supported by RESCIF (R seau des sciences cognitives (...)
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  38.  1
    W. R. Uttal (1997). Do Theoretical Bridges Exist Between Perceptual Experience and Neurophysiology? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (2):280-302.
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  39.  33
    Alexander Grunewald (1999). Neurophysiology Indicates Cognitive Penetration of the Visual System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):379-380.
    Short-term memory, nonattentional task effects and nonspatial extraretinal representations in the visual system are signs of cognitive penetration. All of these have been found physiologically, arguing against the cognitive impenetrability of vision as a whole. Instead, parallel subcircuits in the brain, each subserving a different competency including sensory and cognitive (and in some cases motor) aspects, may have cognitively impenetrable components.
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  40.  1
    Andrea E. Martin (2016). Language Processing as Cue Integration: Grounding the Psychology of Language in Perception and Neurophysiology. Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  41.  29
    Ervin Laszlo (1969). Marxism-Leninismvs. Neurophysiology. Studies in East European Thought 9 (2):104-111.
  42.  18
    Herbert Feigl (1969). Reduction of Psychology to Neurophysiology? Kagaku Tetsugaku 2:163-184.
  43. Karl H. Pribram (1978). Movements and Acts: Distinguishing Their Neurophysiology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):158.
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  44.  8
    Howard Eichenbaum (1981). A Behaviorist in the Neurophysiology Lab. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):480-480.
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  45.  4
    Jerome N. Sanes (1994). Neurophysiology of Preparation, Movement and Imagery. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):221.
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  46.  6
    Britt Anderson & David L. Sheinberg (2010). Neurophysiology of Temporal Orienting in Ventral Visual Stream. In Anna C. Nobre & Jennifer T. Coull (eds.), Attention and Time. OUP Oxford 407.
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  47.  3
    Maria Lúcia B. De Simas & José Aparecido Da Silva (1989). Brazilian Studies on Visual Psychophysics and Neurophysiology. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):249-252.
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  48. J. C. Eccles (1954). The Neurophysiological Basis of Mind: The Principles of Neurophysiology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 5 (18):153-159.
     
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  49.  5
    Zen Faulkes & Dorothy Hayman Paul (1992). Connecting Invertebrate Behavior, Neurophysiology and Evolution with Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):276-277.
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  50.  4
    K. Ramakrishna Rao (2011). Applied Yoga Psychology Studies of Neurophysiology of Meditation. Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):11-12.
1 — 50 / 387