Search results for '*Neuropsychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. C. Glymour (1994). On the Methods of Cognitive Neuropsychology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (3):815-35.score: 16.0
    Contemporary cognitive neuropsychology attempts to infer unobserved features of normal human cognition, or ?cognitive architecture?, from experiments with normals and with brain-damaged subjects in whom certain normal cognitive capacities are altered, diminished, or absent. Fundamental methodological issues about the enterprise of cognitive neuropsychology concern the characterization of methods by which features of normal cognitive architecture can be identified from such data, the assumptions upon which the reliability of such methods are premised, and the limits of such methods?even granting their assumptions?in (...)
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  2. Jeffrey Bub (1994). Is Cognitive Neuropsychology Possible? Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 1:417-427.score: 16.0
    The aim of cognitive neuropsychology is to articulate the functional architecture underlying normal cognition, on the basis of cognitive performance data involving brain-damaged subjects. Glymour (forthcoming) formulates a discovery problem for cognitive neuropsychology, in the sense of formal learning theory, concerning the existence of a reliable methodology, and argues that the problem is insoluble: granted certain apparently plausible assumptions about the form of neuropsychological theories and the nature of the available evidence, a reliable methodology does not exist! I argue for (...)
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  3. Victoria McGeer (2007). Why Neuroscience Matters to Cognitive Neuropsychology. Synthese 159 (3):347 - 371.score: 14.0
    The broad issue in this paper is the relationship between cognitive psychology and neuroscience. That issue arises particularly sharply for cognitive neurospsychology, some of whose practitioners claim a methodological autonomy for their discipline. They hold that behavioural data from neuropsychological impairments are sufficient to justify assumptions about the underlying modular structure of human cognitive architecture, as well as to make inferences about its various components. But this claim to methodological autonomy can be challenged on both philosophical and empirical grounds. A (...)
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  4. Tony Stone & Martin Davies (1993). Cognitive Neuropsychology and the Philosophy of Mind. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):589-622.score: 14.0
  5. Glyn W. Humphreys (2003). Conscious Visual Representations Built From Multiple Binding Processes: Evidence From Neuropsychology. In Axel Cleeremans (ed.), The Unity of Consciousness. Oxford University Press.score: 14.0
  6. Laurence F. Mucciolo (1974). The Identity Thesis and Neuropsychology. Noûs 8 (November):327-42.score: 14.0
  7. Max Coltheart (2010). Lessons From Cognitive Neuropsychology for Cognitive Science: A Reply to Patterson and Plaut (2009). Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):3-11.score: 14.0
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  8. David C. Plaut & Karalyn Patterson (2010). Beyond Functional Architecture in Cognitive Neuropsychology: A Reply to Coltheart (2010). Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):12-14.score: 14.0
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  9. Tim Shallice (1991). Précis of From Neuropsychology to Mental Structure. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):429-438.score: 14.0
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  10. Andrew B. Newberg & Eugene G. D'Aquili (2000). The Neuropsychology of Religious and Spiritual Experience. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):251-266.score: 14.0
  11. Louise Bøttcher (2010). An Eye for Possibilities in the Development of Children with Cerebral Palsy: Neurobiology and Neuropsychology in a Cultural-Historical Dynamic Understanding. Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 12 (1):3-23.score: 14.0
    Taking children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) as an example, the article seeks an understanding of children with disabilities that connects neuropsychological theories of neural development with the situated cognition perspective and the child as an active participant in its social practices. The early brain lesion of CP is reconceptualised as a neurobiological constraint that exists in the relations between the neural, cognitive and social levels. Through a multi-method study of two children with CP, it is analysed how neurobiological constraints arise, (...)
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  12. Karalyn Patterson & David C. Plaut (2009). “Shallow Draughts Intoxicate the Brain”: Lessons From Cognitive Science for Cognitive Neuropsychology. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (1):39-58.score: 14.0
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  13. Lee Xenakis Blonder (1991). Human Neuropsychology and the Concept of Culture. Human Nature 2 (2):83-116.score: 14.0
    American anthropology is distinguished by a four-fields approach in which biological, cultural, archaeological, and linguistic dimensions of behavior are examined in evolutionary and cross-cultural perspective. Nevertheless, assumptions of mind-body dualism pervade scholarly thinking in anthropology and have prevented the development of a truly integrated science of human experience. This dualism is most exemplified by the lack of consideration of the role of the brain in both “physical” and “mental” processes, including phenomena labeled as cultural. In this paper, I review neural (...)
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  14. Max Coltheart & Martin Davies (2003). Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Cortex 39 (1):188-191.score: 12.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  15. Martin Davies (2010). Double Dissociation: Understanding its Role in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Mind and Language 25 (5):500-540.score: 12.0
    The paper makes three points about the role of double dissociation in cognitive neuropsychology. First, arguments from double dissociation to separate modules work by inference to the best, not the only possible, explanation. Second, in the development of computational cognitive neuropsychology, the contribution of connectionist cognitive science has been to broaden the range of potential explanations of double dissociation. As a result, the competition between explanations, and the characteristic features of the assessment of theories against the criteria of probability and (...)
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  16. Matthew Ratcliffe (2002). Heidegger's Attunement and the Neuropsychology of Emotion. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (3):287-312.score: 12.0
    I outline the early Heidegger's views on mood and emotion, and then relate his central claims to some recent finding in neuropsychology. These findings complement Heidegger in a number of important ways. More specifically, I suggest that, in order to make sense of certain neurological conditions that traditional assumptions concerning the mind are constitutionally incapable of accommodating, something very like Heidegger's account of mood and emotion needs to be adopted as an interpretive framework. I conclude by supporting Heidegger's insistence that (...)
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  17. Gordon G. Gallup & Steven M. Platek (2001). Cognitive Empathy Presupposes Self-Awareness: Evidence From Phylogeny, Ontogeny, Neuropsychology, and Mental Illness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):36-37.score: 12.0
    We argue that cognitive empathy and other instances of mental state attribution are a byproduct of self-awareness. Evidence is brought to bear on this proposition from comparative psychology, early child development, neuropsychology, and abnormal behavior.
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  18. Roman Frigg & Catherine Howard, Fact and Fiction in the Neuropsychology of Art.score: 12.0
    The time honoured philosophical issue of how to resolve the mind/body problem has taken a more scientific turn of late. Instead of discussing issues of the soul and emotion and person and their reduction to a physical form, we now ask ourselves how well-understood cognitive and social concepts fit into the growing and changing field of neuropsychology. One of the many projects that have come out of this new scientific endeavour is Zaidel’s (2005) inquiry into the neuropsychological bases of art.
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  19. Daniel L. Schacter (1990). Toward a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Awareness: Implicit Knowledge and Anosognosia. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 12:155-78.score: 12.0
  20. Martin Davies, Inference and Explanation in Cognitive Neuropsychology.score: 12.0
    The question posed by Dunn and Kirsner (D&K) is an instance of a more general one: What can we infer from data? One answer, if we are talking about logically valid deductive inference, is that we cannot infer theories from data. A theory is supposed to explain the data and so cannot be a mere summary of the data to be explained. The truth of an explanatory theory goes beyond the data and so is never logically guaranteed by the data. (...)
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  21. Hank Davis (2001). Too Early for a Neuropsychology of Empathy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):32-33.score: 12.0
    To date, a wide range of interdisciplinary scholarship has done little to clarify either the why or the how of empathy. Preston & de Waal (P&deW) attempt to remedy this, although it remains unclear whether empathy consists of two discrete processes, or whether a perceptual and motor component are joined in some sort of behavioral inevitability. Although it is appealing to offer a neuroanatomy of empathy, the present level of neuropsychology may not support such reductionism.
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  22. Uljana Feest (2010). Concepts as Tools in the Experimental Generation of Knowledge in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):173-190.score: 12.0
    This paper asks (a) how new scientific objects of research are onceptualized at a point in time when little is known about them, and (b) how those conceptualizations, in turn, figure in the process of investigating the phenomena in question. Contrasting my approach with existing notions of concepts and situating it in relation to existing discussions about the epistemology of experimentation, I propose to think of concepts as research tools. I elaborate on the conception of a tool that informs my (...)
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  23. Grant R. Gillett (1990). Neuropsychology and Meaning in Psychiatry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (1):21-39.score: 12.0
    The relationship between "causal" and "meaningful" (Jaspers) influences on behavior is explored. The nature of meaning essentially involves rules and the human practices in which they are imparted to a person and have a formative influence on that person's thinking. The meanings that come to be discerned in life experience are then important in influencing the shape of that person's conduct. The reasoning and motivational structures that develop on this basis are realized by the shape of the neural processing networks (...)
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  24. R. Buck (1993). What is This Thing Called Subjective Experience? Reflections on the Neuropsychology of Qualia. Neuropsychology 7:490-99.score: 12.0
  25. J. P. Toth, S. Lindsay, L. L. Jacoby, L. R. Squire & N. Butters (1992). The Neuropsychology of Memory. In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.), Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press.score: 12.0
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  26. Carlo Semenza (2009). The Neuropsychology of Proper Names. Mind and Language 24 (4):347-369.score: 10.0
    The difference between common and proper names seems to derive from specific semantic characteristics of proper names. In particular, proper names refer to specific individual entities or events, and unlike common names, rarely map onto more general semantic characteristics (attributes, concepts, categories). This fact makes the link proper names have with their reference particularly fragile. Processing proper names seems, as a consequence, to require special cognitive and neural resources. Neuropsychological findings show that proper names and common names follow functionally distinct (...)
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  27. Richard Cytowic (1995). Synesthesia: Phenomenology and Neuropsychology. Psyche 2 (10).score: 10.0
  28. Robyn Langdon & Max Coltheart (2000). The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Delusions. Mind and Language 15 (1):183-216.score: 10.0
  29. Martha J. Farah (1988). Is Visual Imagery Really Visual: Some Overlooked Evidence From Neuropsychology. Psychological Review 95:307-17.score: 10.0
  30. Brian L. Lancaster (1993). Self or No-Self? Converging Perspectives From Neuropsychology and Mysticism. Zygon 28 (4):507-526.score: 10.0
  31. Edouard Machery (2012). Dissociations in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuroscience. Philosophy of Science 79 (4):490-518.score: 10.0
  32. Lawrence Weiskrantz (1995). The Problem of Animal Consciousness in Relation to Neuropsychology. Behavioral Brain Research 71:171-75.score: 10.0
  33. Ran Lahav (1993). What Neuropsychology Tells Us About Consciousness. Philosophy of Science 60 (1):67-85.score: 10.0
    I argue that, contrary to some critics, the notion of conscious experience is a good candidate for denoting a distinct and scientifically interesting phenomenon in the brain. I base this claim mainly on an analysis of neuropsychological data concerning deficits resulting from various types of brain damage as well as some additional supporting empirical evidence. These data strongly point to the hypothesis that conscious experience expresses information that is available for global, integrated, and flexible behavior.
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  34. B. Rapp (ed.) (2001). The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal About the Human Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.score: 10.0
    Indeed, data from impaired performance have often played a central role in our understanding of the skills and abilities of the human mind/brain This volume ...
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  35. Glyn W. Humphreys & M. Jane Riddoch (1999). Disorder of Colour Consciousness: The View From Neuropsychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):956-957.score: 10.0
    We discuss the difficulty of measuring the perceptual experience of colour, supporting Palmer's assertion that neuropsychological disorders of colour processing can be informative in this respect. We point out that some disorders seem to affect the perceptual experience of colour over and above the perceptual processing of colour, providing direct insights into the neural mechanisms supporting perceptual experience.
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  36. Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg (2000). The Neuropsychology of Aesthetic, Spiritual, and Mystical States. Zygon 35 (1):39-51.score: 10.0
  37. L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.) (1992). Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press.score: 10.0
    The third edition gives particular attention to neuroimaging, which has emerged in the past decade as one of the most active areas of research in the field.
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  38. Andrew W. Young (2000). Wondrous Strange: The Neuropsychology of Abnormal Beliefs. Mind and Language 15 (1):47–73.score: 10.0
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  39. D. Matsumoto & M. Lee (1993). Consciousness, Volition, and the Neuropsychology of Facial Expressions of Emotion. Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):237-54.score: 10.0
  40. Laurence F. Mucciolo (1975). Neurophysiological Reduction, Psychological Explanation and Neuropsychology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 5 (3):451-462.score: 10.0
  41. Martha J. Farah & G. Ratcliff (eds.) (1994). The Neuropsychology of High-Level Vision. Lawrence Erlbaum.score: 10.0
    This book provides a state-of-the-art review of high-level vision and the brain.
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  42. Margherita Melloni, Claudia Urbistondo, Lucas Sedeño, Carlos Gelormini, Rafael Kichic & Agustin Ibanez (2012). The Extended Fronto-Striatal Model of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Convergence From Event-Related Potentials, Neuropsychology and Neuroimaging. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 10.0
    In this work, we explored convergent evidence supporting the fronto-striatal model of obsessive-compulsive disorder (FSMOCD) and the contribution of event-related potential (ERP) studies to this model. First, we considered minor modifications to the FSMOCD model based on neuroimaging and neuropsychological data. We noted the brain areas most affected in this disorder -anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), basal ganglia (BG) and orbito-frontal cortex (OFC)- and their related cognitive functions, such as monitoring and inhibition. Then, we assessed the ERPs that are directly related (...)
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  43. Lawrence Weiskrantz (1988). Some Contributions of Neuropsychology of Vision and Memory to the Problem of Consciousness. In Anthony J. Marcel & E. Bisiach (eds.), Consciousness in Contemporary Science. Oxford University Press.score: 10.0
  44. Nick Chater (1994). Modularity, Interaction and Connectionist Neuropsychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):66.score: 10.0
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  45. Fabrizio Doricchi & Cristiano Violani (2000). Mesolimbic Dopamine and the Neuropsychology of Dreaming: Some Caution and Reconsiderations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):930-931.score: 10.0
    New findings point to a role for mesolimbic DA circuits in the generation of dreaming. We disagree with Solms about these structures having an exclusive role in generating dreams. We review data suggesting that dreaming can be interrupted at different levels of processing and that anterior-subcortical lesions associated with dream cessation are unlikely to produce selective hypodopaminergic dynamic impairments. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms].
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  46. Pascal Engel (2010). Reseña del libro "Neuropsychology and Philosophy of mind in process : essays in honor of Jason W. Brown". Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 3:416.score: 10.0
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  47. Rosaleen A. McCarthy (1994). Neuropsychology: Going Loco? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):73.score: 10.0
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  48. W. Gerrod Parrott & Jay Schulkin (1993). Neuropsychology and the Cognitive Nature of the Emotions. Cognition and Emotion 7 (1):43-59.score: 10.0
  49. Tim Shallice (1991). How Neuropsychology Helps Us Understand Normal Cognitive Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):457-469.score: 10.0
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  50. Jennifer S. Beer, Michael V. Lombardo & J. J. Gross (2007). Insights Into Emotion Regulation From Neuropsychology. In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press. 69--86.score: 10.0
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