Search results for '*Priming' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ezio Di Nucci (2012). Priming Effects and Free Will. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (5):725-734.score: 12.0
    Abstract I argue that the empirical literature on priming effects does not warrant nor suggest the conclusion, drawn by prominent psychologists such as J. A. Bargh, that we have no free will or less free will than we might think. I focus on a particular experiment by Bargh ? the ?elderly? stereotype case in which subjects that have been primed with words that remind them of the stereotype of the elderly walk on average slower out of the experiment?s room than (...)
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  2. Timothy P. McNamara (2005). Semantic Priming: Perspectives From Memory and Word Recognition. Psychology Press.score: 12.0
    Semantic priming has been a focus of research in the cognitive sciences for more than 30 years and is commonly used as a tool for investigating other aspects of perception and cognition, such as word recognition, language comprehension, and knowledge representations. Semantic Priming: Perspectives from Memory and Word Recognition examines empirical and theoretical advancements in the understanding of semantic priming, providing a succinct, in-depth review of this important phenomenon, framed in terms of models of memory and models of word recognition. (...)
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  3. Micah B. Goldwater, Marc T. Tomlinson, Catharine H. Echols & Bradley C. Love (2011). Structural Priming as Structure-Mapping: Children Use Analogies From Previous Utterances to Guide Sentence Production. Cognitive Science 35 (1):156-170.score: 12.0
    What mechanisms underlie children’s language production? Structural priming—the repetition of sentence structure across utterances—is an important measure of the developing production system. We propose its mechanism in children is the same as may underlie analogical reasoning: structure-mapping. Under this view, structural priming is the result of making an analogy between utterances, such that children map semantic and syntactic structure from previous to future utterances. Because the ability to map relationally complex structures develops with age, younger children are less successful than (...)
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  4. David Reitter, Frank Keller & Johanna D. Moore (2011). A Computational Cognitive Model of Syntactic Priming. Cognitive Science 35 (4):587-637.score: 12.0
    The psycholinguistic literature has identified two syntactic adaptation effects in language production: rapidly decaying short-term priming and long-lasting adaptation. To explain both effects, we present an ACT-R model of syntactic priming based on a wide-coverage, lexicalized syntactic theory that explains priming as facilitation of lexical access. In this model, two well-established ACT-R mechanisms, base-level learning and spreading activation, account for long-term adaptation and short-term priming, respectively. Our model simulates incremental language production and in a series of modeling studies, we show (...)
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  5. Eva Bauer, Helge Gebhardt, Harald Gruppe, Bernd Gallhofer & Gebhard Sammer (2012). Altered Negative Priming in Older Subjects: First Evidence From Behavioral and Neural Level. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    The impact of aging on the negative priming (NP) effect has been subject of many studies using behavioral measures. Results are inconsistent and corresponding neural data do not exist. We were interested in, whether or not processing of NP is altered in older in comparison to young adults on behavioral and neural level. NP is of special interest, because it measures the ability of inhibiting distractors indirectly, allowing drawing serious conclusions regarding the aging brain. Eighteen young and eighteen older healthy (...)
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  6. Anne Springer, Simone Brandstädter & Wolfgang Prinz (2013). Dynamic Simulation and Static Matching for Action Prediction: Evidence From Body Part Priming. Cognitive Science 37 (5):936-952.score: 12.0
    Accurately predicting other people's actions may involve two processes: internal real-time simulation (dynamic updating) and matching recently perceived action images (static matching). Using a priming of body parts, this study aimed to differentiate the two processes. Specifically, participants played a motion-controlled video game with either their arms or legs. They then observed arm movements of a point-light actor, which were briefly occluded from view, followed by a static test pose. Participants judged whether this test pose depicted a coherent continuation of (...)
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  7. Jörg Behrendt Matthias Ihrke (2011). Automatic Generation of Randomized Trial Sequences for Priming Experiments. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 12.0
    In most psychological experiments, a randomized presentation of successive displays is crucial for the validity of the results. For some paradigms, this is not a trivial issue because trials are interdependent, e.g., priming paradigms. We present a software that automatically generates optimized trial-sequences for (negative-) priming experiments. Our implementation is based on an optimization heuristic known as genetic algorithms that allows for an intuitive interpretation due to its similarity to natural evolution. The program features a graphical user interface that allows (...)
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  8. Kevin D. Clark, Narda R. Quigley & Stephen A. Stumpf (2013). The Influence of Decision Frames and Vision Priming on Decision Outcomes in Work Groups: Motivating Stakeholder Considerations. Journal of Business Ethics:1-12.score: 12.0
    Organizational leaders are increasingly emphasizing a stakeholder perspective in order to address concerns about business ethics. This study examined the choices of 94 groups in the context of a business decision-making simulation to determine how specific actions and communications can facilitate the consideration of different stakeholder perspectives. In particular, we examined whether generally framing the business situation as one involving diverse stakeholders versus a primarily profit-driven operation (referred to as framing), and whether specific suggestions that participants consider the concerns of (...)
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  9. Gebhard Sammer Eva Bauer, Helge Gebhardt, Harald Gruppe, Bernd Gallhofer (2012). Altered Negative Priming in Older Subjects: First Evidence From Behavioral and Neural Level. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    The impact of aging on the negative priming (NP) effect has been subject of many studies using behavioral measures. Results are inconsistent and corresponding neural data do not exist. We were interested in, whether or not processing of NP is altered in older in comparison to young adults on behavioral and neural level. NP is of special interest, because it measures the ability of inhibiting distractors indirectly, allowing drawing serious conclusions regarding the aging brain. Eighteen young and eighteen older healthy (...)
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  10. Itamar Lerner, Shlomo Bentin & Oren Shriki (2014). Integrating the Automatic and the Controlled: Strategies in Semantic Priming in an Attractor Network With Latching Dynamics. Cognitive Science 38 (5).score: 12.0
    Semantic priming has long been recognized to reflect, along with automatic semantic mechanisms, the contribution of controlled strategies. However, previous theories of controlled priming were mostly qualitative, lacking common grounds with modern mathematical models of automatic priming based on neural networks. Recently, we introduced a novel attractor network model of automatic semantic priming with latching dynamics. Here, we extend this work to show how the same model can also account for important findings regarding controlled processes. Assuming the rate of semantic (...)
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  11. Wing Chee So, Alvan Low, De Fu Yap, Eugene Kheng & Melvin Yap (2013). Iconic Gestures Prime Words: Comparison of Priming Effects When Gestures Are Presented Alone and When They Are Accompanying Speech. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 12.0
    Previous studies have shown that iconic gestures presented in an isolated manner prime visually presented semantically related words. Since gestures and speech are almost always produced together, this study examined whether iconic gestures accompanying speech would prime words and compared the priming effect of iconic gestures with speech to that of iconic gestures presented alone. Adult participants (N=180) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions in a lexical decision task: Gestures-Only (the primes were iconic gestures presented alone); Speech-Only (the (...)
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  12. Ulrich Ansorge, Shah Khalid & Peter König (2013). Space-Valence Priming with Subliminal and Supraliminal Words. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 12.0
    To date it is unclear whether (1) awareness-independent non-evaluative semantic processes influence affective semantics and whether (2) awareness-independent affective semantics influence non-evaluative semantic processing. In the current study, we investigated these questions with the help of subliminal (masked) primes and visible targets in a space-valence across-category congruence effect. In line with (1), we found that subliminal space prime words influenced valence classification of supraliminal target words (Experiment 1): Classifications were faster with a congruent prime (e.g., the prime ‘up’ before the (...)
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  13. J. Michael Herrmann Hecke Schrobsdorff, Matthias Ihrke, Jörg Behrendt, Marcus Hasselhorn (2012). Inhibition in the Dynamics of Selective Attention: An Integrative Model for Negative Priming. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 12.0
    We introduce a computational model of the negative priming (NP) effect that includes perception, memory, attention, decision making, and action. The model is designed to provide a coherent picture across competing theories of NP and to relate psychological experiments to physiological measurements. The model is formulated in terms of an abstract dynamics of activations of features, their binding into object entities or their semantic categorization as well as related memories and implied reactions. The dynamical variables interact in a connectionist network (...)
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  14. Candice Steffen Holderbaum & Jerusa Fumagalli de Salles (2010). Priming semântico em crianças: efeitos da força de associação semântica e frequência do alvo. Aletheia 33:95-108.score: 12.0
    O priming semântico é um tipo de memória implícita que se caracteriza pelo efeito facilitador de um estímulo precedente no processamento de um estímulo posterior, causado pela relação semântica existente entre os dois. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar relações entre os efeitos de priming semânt..
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  15. Sabrina Golonka Lara L. Jones (2012). Different Influences on Lexical Priming for Integrative, Thematic, and Taxonomic Relations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    Word pairs may be integrative (i.e., combination of two concepts into one meaningful entity; e.g., fruit - cake), thematically related (i.e., connected in time and place; e.g., party - cake), and/or taxonomically related (i.e., shared features and category co-members; e.g., muffin - cake). Using participant ratings and computational measures, we demonstrated distinct patterns across measures of similarity and co-occurrence, and familiarity for each relational construct in two different item sets. Overall, target RTs and priming magnitudes were consistent across the SOAs (...)
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  16. Martin Reuter, Christian Montag, Kristina Peters, Anne Kocher & Markus Kiefer (2009). The Modulatory Influence of the Functional COMT Val158Met Polymorphism on Lexical Decisions and Semantic Priming. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 12.0
    The role of the prefrontal Cortex (PFC) in higher cognitive functions - including working memory, conflict resolution, set shifting and semantic processing - has been demonstrated unequivocally. Despite the great heterogeneity among tasks measuring these phenotypes, due in part to the different cognitive sub-processes implied and the specificity of the stimulus material used, there is agreement that all of these tasks recruit an executive control system located in the PFC. On a biochemical level it is known that the dopaminergic system (...)
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  17. Sarah M. Tower-Richardi, Tad T. Brunyé, Stephanie A. Gagnon, Caroline R. Mahoney & Holly A. Taylor (2012). Abstract Spatial Concept Priming Dynamically Influences Real-World Actions. Frontiers in Psychology 3:361-361.score: 12.0
    Experienced regularities in our perceptions and actions play important roles in grounding abstract concepts such as social status, time, and emotion. Might we similarly ground abstract spatial concepts in more experienced-based domains? The present experiment explores this possibility by implicitly priming abstract spatial terms (north, south, east, west) and then measuring participants’ hand movement trajectories while they respond to a body-referenced spatial target (up, down, left, right) in a verbal (Exp. 1) or spatial (Exp. 2) format. Results from two experiments (...)
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  18. Lara L. Jones & Sabrina Golonka (2012). Different Influences on Lexical Priming for Integrative, Thematic, and Taxonomic Relations. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    Word pairs may be integrative (i.e., combination of two concepts into one meaningful entity; e.g., fruit - cake), thematically related (i.e., connected in time and place; e.g., party - cake), and/or taxonomically related (i.e., shared features and category co-members; e.g., muffin - cake). Using participant ratings and computational measures, we demonstrated distinct patterns across measures of similarity and co-occurrence, and familiarity for each relational construct in two different item sets. Overall, target RTs and priming magnitudes were consistent across the SOAs (...)
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  19. Sachiko Kinoshita & Dennis Norris (2012). Task-Dependent Masked Priming Effects in Visual Word Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 12.0
    A method used widely to study the first 250 ms of visual word recognition is masked priming: These studies have yielded a rich set of data concerning the processes involved in recognizing letters and words. In these studies, there is an implicit assumption that the early processes in word recognition tapped by masked priming are automatic, and masked priming effects should therefore be invariant across tasks. Contrary to this assumption, masked priming effects are modulated by the task goal: For example, (...)
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  20. Andrea Kiesel Rico Fischer, Franziska Plessow (2013). The Effects of Alerting Signals in Masked Priming. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 12.0
    Alerting signals often serve to reduce temporal uncertainty by predicting the time of stimulus onset. The resulting response time benefits have often been explained by facilitated translation of stimulus codes into response codes on the basis of established stimulus-response (S-R) links. In paradigms of masked S-R priming alerting signals also modulate response activation processes triggered by subliminally presented prime stimuli. In the present study we tested whether facilitation of visuo-motor translation processes due to alerting signals critically depends on established S-R (...)
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  21. Dennis Norris Sachiko Kinoshita (2012). Task-Dependent Masked Priming Effects in Visual Word Recognition. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 12.0
    A method used widely to study the first 250 ms of visual word recognition is masked priming: These studies have yielded a rich set of data concerning the processes involved in recognizing letters and words. In these studies, there is an implicit assumption that the early processes in word recognition tapped by masked priming are automatic, and masked priming effects should therefore be invariant across tasks. Contrary to this assumption, masked priming effects are modulated by the task goal: For example, (...)
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  22. Markus Kiefer Sarah C. Adams (2012). Testing the Attentional Boundary Conditions of Subliminal Semantic Priming: The Influence of Semantic and Phonological Task Sets. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    Recent studies challenged the classical notion of automaticity and indicated that even unconscious automatic semantic processing is under attentional control to some extent. In line with our attentional sensitization model, these data suggest that a sensitization of semantic pathways by a semantic task set is necessary for subliminal semantic priming to occur while non-semantic task sets attenuate priming. In the present study, we tested whether masked semantic priming is also reduced by phonological task sets using the previously developed induction task (...)
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  23. Roland Thomaschke (2012). Investigating Ideomotor Cognition with Motorvisual Priming Paradigms: Key Findings, Methodological Challenges, and Future Directions. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 12.0
    Ideomotor theory claims that perceptual representations of action effects are functionally involved in the planning of actions. Strong evidence for this claim comes from a phenomenon called motorvisual priming. Motorvisual priming refers to the finding that action planning directly affects perception, and that the effects are selective for stimuli that share features with the planned action. Motorvisual priming studies have provided detailed insights into the processing of perceptual representations in action planning. One important finding is that such representations in action (...)
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  24. Joel Voss & Brian Gonsalves (2010). Time to Go Our Separate Ways: Opposite Effects of Study Duration on Priming and Recognition Reveal Distinct Neural Substrates. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 12.0
    Amnesic patients have difficulties recognizing when stimuli are repeated, even though their responses to stimuli can change as a function of repetition in indirect tests of memory—a pattern known as priming without recognition. Likewise, experimental manipulations can impair recognition in healthy individuals while leaving priming relatively unaffected, and priming and recognition have been associated with distinct neural correlates in these circumstances. Does this evidence necessarily indicate that priming and recognition rely on distinct brain systems? An alternative explanation is that recognition (...)
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  25. Simon van Rysewyk (2009). Comment On: Unconscious Affective Processing and Empathy: An Investigation of Subliminal Priming on the Detection of Painful Facial Expressions [Pain 2009; 1–2: 71–75]. PAIN 145:364-366.score: 10.0
  26. Stanislas Dehaene, Lionel Naccache, L. Jonathan Cohen, Denis Le Bihan, Jean-Francois Mangin, Jean-Baptiste Poline & Denis Rivière (2001). Cerebral Mechanisms of Word Masking and Unconscious Repetition Priming. Nature Neuroscience 4 (7):752-758.score: 10.0
  27. Troy A. W. Visser, Philip M. Merikle & Vincent Di Lollo (2005). Priming in the Attentional Blink: Perception Without Awareness? Visual Cognition 12 (7):1362-1372.score: 10.0
  28. Sid Kouider & Emmanuel Dupoux (2001). A Functional Disconnection Between Spoken and Visual Word Recognition: Evidence From Unconscious Priming. Cognition 82 (1):35- 49.score: 10.0
  29. Sid Kouider & Emmanuel Dupoux (2004). Partial Awareness Creates the "Illusion" of Subliminal Semantic Priming. Psychological Science 15 (2):75-81.score: 10.0
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  30. Catherine Deeprose & Jackie Andrade (2006). Is Priming During Anesthesia Unconscious? Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):1-23.score: 10.0
  31. John H. Mace (2003). Involuntary Aware Memory Enhances Priming on a Conceptual Implicit Memory Task. American Journal of Psychology 116 (2):281-290.score: 10.0
  32. Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2001). Unconscious Semantic Priming Extends to Novel Unseen Stimuli. Cognition 80 (3):215-229.score: 10.0
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  33. Matthew Brown & Derek Besner (2002). Semantic Priming: On the Role of Awareness in Visual Word Recognition in the Absence of an Expectancy. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):402-422.score: 10.0
  34. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen & Jian Chen (2004). Unconscious Priming by Color and Form: Different Processes and Levels. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):138-157.score: 10.0
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  35. Martin Eimer & Friederike Schlaghecken (2002). Links Between Conscious Awareness and Response Inhibition: Evidence From Masked Priming. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9 (3):514-520.score: 10.0
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  36. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Haluk Ogmen, Jose Ramon & Jian Chen (2005). Unconscious and Conscious Priming by Forms and Their Parts. Visual Cognition 12 (5):720-736.score: 10.0
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  37. Katia Duscherer & Daniel Holender (2002). No Negative Semantic Priming From Unconscious Flanker Words in Sight. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (4):839-853.score: 10.0
  38. Michael Esterman, Regina McGlinchey-Berroth, Mieke Verfaellie, Laura Grande, Patrick Kilduff & William Milberg (2002). Aware and Unaware Perception in Hemispatial Neglect: Evidence From a Stem Completion Priming Task. Cortex 38 (2):233-246.score: 10.0
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  39. M. R. Klinger, P. Burton & G. Pitts (2000). Mechanisms of Unconscious Priming: Response Competition, Not Spreading Activation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):441-455.score: 10.0
  40. John H. Mace (2005). Experimentally Manipulating the Effects of Involuntary Conscious Memory on a Priming Task. American Journal of Psychology 118 (2):159-182.score: 10.0
  41. Bruno G. Breitmeyer, Tony Ro & Neel S. Singhal (2004). Unconscious Color Priming Occurs at Stimulus- Not Percept-Dependent Levels of Processing. Psychological Science 15 (3):198-202.score: 10.0
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  42. Michael E. Silverman & Arien Mack (2006). Change Blindness and Priming: When It Does and Does Not Occur. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):409-422.score: 10.0
  43. Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2001). The Priming Method: Imaging Unconscious Repetition Priming Reveals an Abstract Representation of Number in the Parietal Lobes. Cerebral Cortex 11 (10):966-974.score: 10.0
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  44. Lisa Geraci & Suparna Rajaram (2004). The Distinctiveness Effect in the Absence of Conscious Recollection: Evidence From Conceptual Priming. Journal of Memory and Language 51 (2):217-230.score: 10.0
  45. Atsushi Matsumoto, Tetsuya Iidaka, Michio Nomura & Hideki Ohira (2005). Dissociation of Conscious and Unconscious Repetition Priming Effect on Event-Related Potentials. Neuropsychologia 43 (8):1168-1176.score: 10.0
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  46. Henry K. Beller (1971). Priming: Effects of Advance Information on Matching. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):176.score: 10.0
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  47. María Ruz, Eduardo Madrid, Juan Lupiáñez & Pío Tudela (2003). High Density ERP Indices of Conscious and Unconscious Semantic Priming. Cognitive Brain Research 17 (3):719-731.score: 10.0
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  48. Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde & Joachim Hoffmann (2007). Unconscious Priming According to Multiple s-R Rules. Cognition 104 (1):89-105.score: 10.0
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  49. Bernhard Hommel Lorenza S. Colzato, Ellen R. A. De Bruijn (2012). Up to “Me” or Up to “Us”? The Impact of Self-Construal Priming on Cognitive Self-Other Integration. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 10.0
    The degree to which people construe their perceived self as independent from or interdependent with their social environment can vary. We tested whether the current degree of social self-construal predicts the degree to which individuals integrate others into their self-concept. Participants worked through tasks that drew attention to either personal interdependence (e.g., by instructing participants to circle all relational pronouns in a text, such as “we”, “our”, or “us”) or independence (by having them to circle pronouns such as “I”, “my”, (...)
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  50. Séverine Fay, Michel Isingrini & Viviane Pouthas (2005). Does Priming with Awareness Reflect Explicit Contamination? An Approach with a Response-Time Measure in Word-Stem Completion. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):459-473.score: 10.0
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